Philosophy by wuyunyi


        What is a philosophy?

Statement summarizing the attitudes,
principles, beliefs, values, and concepts
held by an individual or group.
   • Individual = philosophy statement
   • Group = mission statement
            Slogans / Tag Lines
   “We bring good            We try harder
    things to life” ®             Avis Rental Car
       General Electric
                              Be all that you can
   Quality is job 1           be
       Ford Motor Co.            United States Army

   Reach out and             Helping to make
    touch someone. ®           your life easier.
       AT&T                      Albertson’s
                   Tomasso's Pizza & Subs
         1229 West Palmetto Park Road Boca Raton, FL

   Mission Statement
    We are Committed to using the finest
    ingredients in our recipes. No food
    leaves our kitchen that we ourselves
    would not eat.
                       Nyack Hospital
         160 North Midland Avenue Nyack, NY 10960

   Slogan / Motto
    Exceptional skill. Extraordinary care.

   Mission Statement
    The mission of Nyack Hospital is to provide competent,
    innovative, and accessible emergency and acute care
    services for the residents of Rockland County. We are
    caring people operating an extraordinary community
    hospital. Vision. In its second century of service, Nyack
    Hospital and New York-Presbyterian Healthcare System
    will set the pace for sophisticated care in Rockland County.
    Getting better means all of us will be responsible for taking
    great care of our patients, each other, and our hospital.
          Mission Statements
“Western Oregon University is a
 comprehensive university that creates
 personalized learning opportunities,
 supports the advancement of knowledge
 for the public good and maximizes
 individual and professional development.
 Our environment is open to the exchange
 of ideas, where discovery, creativity and
 critical thinking flourish, and students
    (Society of Public Health Educators)
   “… to provide leadership to the profession of
    public health education and to contribute to
    the health of all people and the elimination
    of disparities through advances in health
    education theory and research, excellence in
    professional preparation and practice, and
    advocacy for public policies conducive to
        What is your philosophy?

   Complete the following:
    I   believe   education …
    I   believe   schools …
    I   believe   educators …
    I   believe   communities …
    I   believe   governments …

       Do you have a particular life philosophy?
   The way in which you consistently act toward other
    people is often a reflection of your philosophy
    concerning the importance of people in general.

   The profession of Health Education is considered a
    helping profession.

   Those who work in the profession should value
    helping others.
          Developing a philosophy
   Education or study

   Life experience

   Guidance from mentors and role models

   Lessons from friends and relatives
       Personal versus Professional
   Ideal = one’s personal philosophy and professional
    philosophy were perfectly matched and consistent.

   What happens if one’s personal and professional
    philosophies don’t match up?

   Are health educators ever called upon to act in ways
    that may not be congruent with their personal belief
Professional Philosophy and Health Education

   Health educators’ primary concern is to
    protect and enhance the health of
    those within their jurisdiction.

   “Health is not a moral issue.”

   Former Surgeon General C. Everett
      Potential Challenges

 Sexuality   Education

 Abortion

 Harm   Reduction Methods

 Others?
               Harm Reduction
   Harm reduction is a philosophy of public health
    intended to be a progressive alternative to the
    prohibition of certain potentially dangerous lifestyle
    choices in society.

   The central idea of harm reduction is the
    recognition that some people always have and
    always will engage in behaviors which carry risks,
    such as causal sex, prostitution, and drug use.

   The main objective of harm reduction is to mitigate
    the potential dangers and health risks associated
    with the risky behaviors themselves.
Needle exchange is one of the most effective AIDS prevention programs currently available
for injection drug users who are not in treatment. Without a vaccine or a cure, prevention is
the only tool we have to control the spread of HIV. Public Health runs a needle exchange
program for four basic reasons:

a.Needle exchange reduces blood-borne diseases in our communities without increasing
drug use. Studies have shown decreases in both the number of persons who become infected
with HIV and the number of people who get hepatitis in communities that have needle
exchange programs.

b.Preventing HIV infection in injection drug users also prevents HIV in women and
newborn children. Many women are at risk for HIV because of their own injection drug use
or because they are sexual partners of injection drug users.

c.By working with injection drug users, we can help them get into drug treatment.

d.Finally, Public Health safely disposes of all contaminated syringes turned in to the
exchange. This reduces the number of discarded syringes on our sidewalks and in our bus
stops, yards, parks and play grounds. Our goal is to get used syringes out of circulation as
quickly as possible. The longer a syringe remains in circulation, the more opportunities there
are for that syringe to pass on a blood-borne disease.
          Philosophy of Symmetry

   Health has physical, emotional, spiritual, and
    social components and each is as important
    as the other.

   Health educators should seek to encourage a
    balance (symmetry) among those
    components when working with all people.

   Holistic perspective, humanism, wellness.
                  Case Study
   Ann is a normal weight, 40 year-old mother of
    two. She smokes a pack of cigarettes a day,
    does not exercise regularly, and has a family
    history of heart disease.

   Ann is enrolled in a required health education
    course at the local university. She is returning
    to school to become an elementary education

   As part of the health course, Ann is required to
    complete a health risk appraisal and review her
    assessment with you.. The health educator.
Predominate Health Education Philosophies

   Behavior Change                   Cognitive-Based
    Philosophy:                        Philosophy:
       Focuses on modifying              Focus on content
        unhealthy habits                   and information,
                                           increase in
       Examples: Behavioral               knowledge to help in
        contracts, goal setting,           making decisions.
               More Philosophies
   Decision-making               Freeing/Functioning
    philosophy:                    Philosophy:
      Simulated problems,           Goal is to free people
       case studies,                  to make the best
       scenarios, create and          health decisions
       analyze potential              based on their needs
       solutions, critical            and interests, not
       thinking skills                necessarily on the
       developed.                     interests of society.
         Philosophies continued
   Social Change                 Eclectic Health
    Philosophy:                    Education
      Emphasizes the role
       of health education           Situational approach
       in creating social,
       economic, and
       political change that
       benefit all.
        Thoughts on Helping
   Salaries and advancement

   Scheduling, hours worked per week

   Mental, emotional impact of work

   Work settings
          Stress and Burnout
   Stress                    Burnout
   Characterized by          Characterized by
    overengagement             disengagement
   Emotions are              Emotions are blunted
    overactive                Produces helplessness
   Produces urgency and       & hopelessness
    hyperactivity             Loss of motivation,
   Loss of energy             ideals, hope
   Leads to anxiety          Leads to detachment
    disorders                  & depression
   Primary damage is         Primary damage is
    physical                   emotional

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