What is a philosophy?
Statement summarizing the attitudes,
principles, beliefs, values, and concepts
held by an individual or group.
• Individual = philosophy statement
• Group = mission statement
Slogans / Tag Lines
“We bring good We try harder
things to life” ® Avis Rental Car
Be all that you can
Quality is job 1 be
Ford Motor Co. United States Army
Reach out and Helping to make
touch someone. ® your life easier.
Tomasso's Pizza & Subs
1229 West Palmetto Park Road Boca Raton, FL
We are Committed to using the finest
ingredients in our recipes. No food
leaves our kitchen that we ourselves
would not eat.
160 North Midland Avenue Nyack, NY 10960
Slogan / Motto
Exceptional skill. Extraordinary care.
The mission of Nyack Hospital is to provide competent,
innovative, and accessible emergency and acute care
services for the residents of Rockland County. We are
caring people operating an extraordinary community
hospital. Vision. In its second century of service, Nyack
Hospital and New York-Presbyterian Healthcare System
will set the pace for sophisticated care in Rockland County.
Getting better means all of us will be responsible for taking
great care of our patients, each other, and our hospital.
“Western Oregon University is a
comprehensive university that creates
personalized learning opportunities,
supports the advancement of knowledge
for the public good and maximizes
individual and professional development.
Our environment is open to the exchange
of ideas, where discovery, creativity and
critical thinking flourish, and students
(Society of Public Health Educators)
“… to provide leadership to the profession of
public health education and to contribute to
the health of all people and the elimination
of disparities through advances in health
education theory and research, excellence in
professional preparation and practice, and
advocacy for public policies conducive to
What is your philosophy?
Complete the following:
I believe education …
I believe schools …
I believe educators …
I believe communities …
I believe governments …
Do you have a particular life philosophy?
The way in which you consistently act toward other
people is often a reflection of your philosophy
concerning the importance of people in general.
The profession of Health Education is considered a
Those who work in the profession should value
Developing a philosophy
Education or study
Guidance from mentors and role models
Lessons from friends and relatives
Personal versus Professional
Ideal = one’s personal philosophy and professional
philosophy were perfectly matched and consistent.
What happens if one’s personal and professional
philosophies don’t match up?
Are health educators ever called upon to act in ways
that may not be congruent with their personal belief
Professional Philosophy and Health Education
Health educators’ primary concern is to
protect and enhance the health of
those within their jurisdiction.
“Health is not a moral issue.”
Former Surgeon General C. Everett
Harm Reduction Methods
Harm reduction is a philosophy of public health
intended to be a progressive alternative to the
prohibition of certain potentially dangerous lifestyle
choices in society.
The central idea of harm reduction is the
recognition that some people always have and
always will engage in behaviors which carry risks,
such as causal sex, prostitution, and drug use.
The main objective of harm reduction is to mitigate
the potential dangers and health risks associated
with the risky behaviors themselves.
Needle exchange is one of the most effective AIDS prevention programs currently available
for injection drug users who are not in treatment. Without a vaccine or a cure, prevention is
the only tool we have to control the spread of HIV. Public Health runs a needle exchange
program for four basic reasons:
a.Needle exchange reduces blood-borne diseases in our communities without increasing
drug use. Studies have shown decreases in both the number of persons who become infected
with HIV and the number of people who get hepatitis in communities that have needle
b.Preventing HIV infection in injection drug users also prevents HIV in women and
newborn children. Many women are at risk for HIV because of their own injection drug use
or because they are sexual partners of injection drug users.
c.By working with injection drug users, we can help them get into drug treatment.
d.Finally, Public Health safely disposes of all contaminated syringes turned in to the
exchange. This reduces the number of discarded syringes on our sidewalks and in our bus
stops, yards, parks and play grounds. Our goal is to get used syringes out of circulation as
quickly as possible. The longer a syringe remains in circulation, the more opportunities there
are for that syringe to pass on a blood-borne disease.
Philosophy of Symmetry
Health has physical, emotional, spiritual, and
social components and each is as important
as the other.
Health educators should seek to encourage a
balance (symmetry) among those
components when working with all people.
Holistic perspective, humanism, wellness.
Ann is a normal weight, 40 year-old mother of
two. She smokes a pack of cigarettes a day,
does not exercise regularly, and has a family
history of heart disease.
Ann is enrolled in a required health education
course at the local university. She is returning
to school to become an elementary education
As part of the health course, Ann is required to
complete a health risk appraisal and review her
assessment with you.. The health educator.
Predominate Health Education Philosophies
Behavior Change Cognitive-Based
Focuses on modifying Focus on content
unhealthy habits and information,
Examples: Behavioral knowledge to help in
contracts, goal setting, making decisions.
Simulated problems, Goal is to free people
case studies, to make the best
scenarios, create and health decisions
analyze potential based on their needs
solutions, critical and interests, not
thinking skills necessarily on the
developed. interests of society.
Social Change Eclectic Health
Emphasizes the role
of health education Situational approach
in creating social,
political change that
Thoughts on Helping
Salaries and advancement
Scheduling, hours worked per week
Mental, emotional impact of work
Stress and Burnout
Characterized by Characterized by
Emotions are Emotions are blunted
overactive Produces helplessness
Produces urgency and & hopelessness
hyperactivity Loss of motivation,
Loss of energy ideals, hope
Leads to anxiety Leads to detachment
disorders & depression
Primary damage is Primary damage is