Hand Soccer Study Guide
HAND SOCCER STUDY GUIDE
Hand soccer is a game played by two teams. The object of the game to propel the ball by
hitting it with an open or clenched fist, into the wall that is designated as the goal area. Each
team separates themselves into 3 different groups and plays using these positions: forwards,
backs, and goalies (forwards and backs are considered “floor players”). The goalies of each team
are the only players that may catch or hold the ball. The ball is put back in play by the goalies by
hitting it into the court with an overhead or underhand volleyball serve.
One point for each goal.
One point for each penalty shot.
(The ball must hit the goal part of the wall, on a fly.)
A penalty shot is awarded to the offended team for the following infractions of the rules.
The shot may be taken by any of the floor players. The ball is placed on the floor, at the penalty
shot mark (the top of the key). Only the goalies may defend against the penalty shot. All other
players must be behind the ball. The ball is placed on the ground and the person taking the
penalty shot may either hit it off the ground or flick it into the air and then hit it. The use of the
side wall is not permitted. The ball is in play as soon as it has been hit. If a goal is scored directly
on the penalty shot, a goalie puts it back into play. If a goal is not scored, it is still a live ball and
play continues. Infractions for which a penalty shot is awarded are:
1. Intentional kicking.
2. Goalies-holding the ball for more than five seconds total on one possession.
3. Goalie stepping out of goalie area -- both feet have to be kept behind the goalie line.
4. Floor player stepping into goalie area.
5. Unnecessary roughness -- going for the man and not the ball -- no pushing,
6. It is not a penalty shot if a player scores a goal and his momentum carries him into
the goalie's area. The score must precede the lane violation.
A turnover is awarded to the team who does not commit the foul. When a turnover is
awarded, the ball is placed on the floor at the spot where the foul occurred. Any floor player from
the correct team may take the turnover. This player may either hit the ball off the ground or flick it
into the air and then hit it. This player cannot score directly. The ball must be hit to a teammate.
A turnover is awarded for the following fouls:
1. Catching the ball (except goalies).
2. Holding the ball (except goalies).
3. Picking up the ball (except goalies).
4. Throwing the ball (except goalies to each other).
START OF THE GAME:
The game is started by a face-off between the two opposing backs at the face-off mark in
the center of the gym. The ball is placed on the floor between the two backs who are in a
crouched position with their hands on their knees. At the signal, they try to gain control of the ball
by pushing/pulling it through their legs to the back defenseman. The back flicks the ball up and
hits it to the forwards now down by the opponents’ goal.
Hand Soccer Study Guide
After the face-off each player has certain area responsibilities that they must cover as part
of a team. The backs should play defense and stay in front of their goalies to counter the other
team's offense. The forwards should play offense in front of the other team’s goalies so they are
in a position to score.
RULES OF PLAY FOR THE FORWARDS AND BACKS:
1. Flick-up -- the ball cannot be picked up but can be flicked up for the hit or pass. A
legal flick-up is when the hands or hand are put under the ball and the ball is hit into the air in a
flicking motion. The ball is never grabbed or held in any way.
2. Hit -- the ball can be hit with an open hand or a clenched fist but it cannot be
3. Floor Dribble -- while on the ground, the ball can be rolled along with the hands as
far as the player desires without a penalty. He cannot pick the ball up at any time. You cannot
bounce the ball and dribble like in basketball.
4. Wall Dribble -- it is legal to progress the ball down the court by using the wall. The
ball must be hit or flicked against the wall. Holding or throwing is illegal.
DESCRIPTION OF POSITIONS:
It is the responsibility of the goalies to prevent the ball from hitting the scoring area. They
may use their bodies to block the ball but are not allowed to kick or throw the ball back into the
playing area. When the ball is caught, it is put into play with a volleyball serve (underhand of
overhand). A goalie cannot score with a direct hit. If they are unable to hit the ball over an
opponent, they may move within the goalies' box or pass the ball to another goalie. The goalies
have a five second time limit to hit the ball. When reaching for a ball, the goalie must keep both
feet behind the goal line because leaving the goal area is a violation and results in a penalty shot.
The backs play in the area in front of their goalies, preventing goals and assisting the
goalies in blocking shots. They should try and prevent the opposition from getting close-in shots,
which are difficult for the goalies to stop. When playing defense, they can tip or hit any loose ball
beyond their reach back to the goalies. Care must be used in passing the ball back to the goalies
because a missed pass can be a score for the other team. The backs can score a goal but their
main purpose is to play defense and play between the opposition and their goal at all times. (In
our games, the backs play between the red line closest to their own goalies and the center blue
The forwards should be able to hit the ball with great accuracy with either hand so that they
can score quickly following a pass. The ability to flick and set the ball up for a scoring hit is very
important. They must play close to the opponent’s goal to get rebounds, tip-ins, and blocks on
the goalie hits. When the goalie has the ball, it is legal for the forwards to reach over the line and
hit the ball out of the goalie’s hands for possession or a score. They may not step over the goal
line when attempting to recover the ball. A player may enter the goalie's box only after they have
scored a goal. (In our games, the forwards play between the center blue line and the red line
closest to the other team’s goalies.)