Your Family Tree – How To Create It

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    Your Family Tree – How To Create It


                                         Ian T Bird


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Table of Contents

Introduction .     .      .      .     .       .   .    .     .     page 3

The Never Ending Genealogy       .     .       .   .    .     .     page 4

Descended from Royalty    .      .     .       .   .    .     .     page 6

Enhance Your Genealogical Research with DNA testing.    .     .     page 8

Genealogy: Analyzing Details of Estate Records.    .    .     .     page 10

Heraldry and Genealogy-Ignore Coat of Arms Rules at Your Own Risk   page 11

Suggestions For Your Family Interviews During Genealogy Research    page 13

Tips for Posting Queries in Genealogy Forums. .    .    .     .     page 16

Using Maps for Genealogy Research      .       .   .    .     .     page 18

Genealogy Maps Make Great Gifts        .       .   .    .     .     page 19

Genealogy Maps Offer Us Excitement. .          .   .    .     .     page 20

How To Get Started in Irish Genealogy. .       .   .    .     .     page 21

Tracing Your Irish Ancestors     .     .       .   .    .     .     page 23

Summary      .     .      .      .     .       .   .    .     .     page 25

Everyone (well, almost everyone) is curious about their ancestry, but only a few ever get
around to finding out about their ancestry and then creating their own family tree.

These articles show you how to research your ancestry and the types of software
available to help you. And finally how to create your own family tree.

And yes, I have done our family tree, with a lot of help from my cousin, who is a family-
tree guru, so I was lucky!

Please feel free to investigate the authors’ web sites, as they could help you to see what
they do.

Enjoy this mini-ebook…

Best Regards

Ian Bird

The Never Ending Genealogy
Author: Jeannette Holland Austin

When I first started looking for my ancestors in 1964, the Georgia State Archives was
located in the old A. G. Rhodes home on Peachtree Road. Books were stacked to the
ceiling and there were a couple of microfilm readers. Census records were not indexed
and few of the published biographies and genealogies were indexed.

So it became my task to abstract many of the old documents, particularly wills and
estates, simply to keep from reading the same microfilm over and over again.

Ultimately, these abstracts were published by me as Abstracts of Georgia Wills, a CD-
Rom which is no longer available, rather merged into the vast collection of wills and
estates on In those days it was incumbent to visit county
court houses because all of those records were not available. Digging into old county
records was another story for it was at the court houses that I discovered records which
has not been microfilmed, some original documents and old newspapers sitting around
gathering dust. I began the long task of abstracting deaths, births and marriages from
the newspapers.

The culmination of this work was published as Georgia Obituaries which dated from
1740 to about 1935. I have revisited a number of these court houses recently and
discovered some shocking situations. In Savannah, the old county records for Chatham
County are not located in the record room. I had to press the employees to learn where
they were. No one seemed to know.

Finally, I discovered that they were in storage and had to be ordered. It took several
days for them to arrive and I was overwhelmed because I had to return again and again
in order to film those old wills. If you are a member of Georgia Pioneers, then you are
beginning to see that I am adding more wills as I get them filmed.

When I visited Franklin County, one of Georgia's oldest counties where Revolutionary
War Soldiers drew land grants, the probate office did not know where the earliest deeds,
wills and estates were located. I was left to film a late will book 1899 to 1900. That was
all that they had. I suspect that the oldest records may have been sent to their local
historical society as this is where some counties have sent their oldest records. Also, the
Georgia State Archives has possession of some old records for Greene County. But you
have to inquire.

Still, my files bulged. It was either ditch them, or publish the information. I chose the
latter. So far, I have published over 100 books on family histories and genealogical

After publishing The Georgia Frontier (3 volumes), I felt that I had pretty well given up
the results of 40 years of tracing Georgia families for myself and others. But what about
my research notes? Over this period I had documented over 100,000 names (and
resources) for Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia.

Finally, I added these names to

That left my miscellaneous folders on various families in Georgia, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. I divided the information according to
states and published these folders to the following websites:

Will it every end for us genealogists? I guess I am a true collector because once again,
despite the purging, my files are bulging!
About the author:
Jeannette Holland Austin, Georgia Author of more than 100 genealogy books and
publisher of
<a href=”">Trace Georgia Genealogy Online and
<a href="">Read Genealogy Books Online</a>

Descended from Royalty
Author: Avery J. Parker

Why did you start researching your family history? Have you always been a history buff?
I know a lot of people start their research just curious as to those that came before them.

I know many people have romantic images of Presidents, Kings, Princes, Queens,
Knights and other notables in the distant past. Of course, there is a joke about people
claiming their family holds that they are direct descendants of George Washington. Of
course, the joke here is that George Washington had no biological descendants.
(Nephews, nieces and cousins are another story altogether.)

Here's something for you to chew on for a bit, we are all descended from royalty. How's
that you say? You don't get the family greeting cards from Her Majesty? Well, here's
how I've come to that conclusion after many years of research and stumbling across
purported “gateway ancestors” and a little bit of math. First let's look at just pure math.

One person has two parents, that's the way it's been so we can assume that for each
generation we trace backwards we double the number of people we're researching.

Okay, fair enough, after 4 generations back we're researching 16 people (2nd great
grandparents.) By the time we get to 10 generations back we have 1024 people to
research. (Even if our chart isn't completely “filled in” at that level that's how many blank
spaces there should be assuming there's no duplication.) Now, some families have more
duplication than others it just depends on how isolated the area your ancestors lived
was, or customs of the time or just chance, but assuming no duplicate ancestors we
have the arduous task or researching 1,048,576 different ancestors by the time we get
back 20 generations.

Those are our 18th great grandparents. It only takes going back 30 generations for us to
pass 1 billion. Yes, 1 BILLION! Since the world population just passed a billion people
for the first time in the last century you can be sure there is duplication. I should point
out the obvious though, not all of the people living 20-30 generations ago had
descendants survive. However, the odds of that happening were better if the person in
question was tied to royal families.

So, what's the population of the world today? Around 7 billion. And if we look 20
generations or so back in time we see around 500 years give or take (assuming a shade
over 25 years per generation, again your experience will vary.) So around the year
1500 what was the worlds estimated population? It's estimated that there were 450
Million people alive in the year 1500.

What's interesting here is that it only takes a total of 30 generations back to be
researching 1 BILLION ancestors and that's taking us back to around the year 1250.
This is approximately the time of Edward the First King of England.

Now, in my own research and research of my wifes family it seems that every
grandparents family tree includes at least one gateway ancestor that seems to be
thoroughly researched and is a connection or “gateway” to medieval genealogy. More
often than not, these gateway ancestors trace their way into royal families due to the
notorious interconnections between royals and nobility in western Europe. Are you not of
western descent? Even those that don't have a drop of Western European blood likely
are descendants of other royals in their culture. With all of them proving it is the trick.

After thinking through the math it's hard to escape that we are all descendants of royalty.
Not too many of us will be invited over to tea at the winter palace, but when you read the
history of our fallible ancestors remember they, in many ways are the same as you. Of
course we're also descendants of hundreds of thousands of nameless faceless
peasants that worked and toiled hard in obscurity as well. We would do well to keep in
mind all of our ancestry.

About the author:
Avery J. Parker has been interested and researching his own family genealogy since the
early 1990's. For more of his genealogy and family history writings, visit either
<a href="">North Carolina Genealogy</a> or
<a href="">South Carolina Genealogy</a> which
detail resources in those respective states.

Enhance Your Genealogical Research with DNA testing
Author: John Sprague

Recently, my wife and I had our DNA tested. DNA stands for Deoxyribonucleic acid.
This is a chemical inside all living cells that carry the genetic instructions to all living

I have done my testing in an online family group since I had previously done extensive
genealogical research. The main reason for my decision to test was to attempt to verify
scientifically the data and records that I had researched previously over a great deal of
time. My wife, on the other hand, was merely curious about her background due to her
being adopted as a child. The reasons for testing are numerous. Since I am well versed
in family genealogy, my DNA is helping to confirm that my lineages are fairly correct.

The actual testing is quite easy to do. The lab that you choose will send you a kit in the
mail. In your kit, you get a special scraper that is used to scrape the dna from the inside
of your cheek and then the DNA is placed in a chemical solution and sent back to the
laboratory for testing. This can take some time depending on how extensive your test is.

I chose to be tested for 67 markers. I got my results back about 12 markers at a time.
After a month, I started receiving results and after about 2 ½ months, all the test results
were in, concerning markers and haplotypes. Different labs may be busier than others.
Pricing can also vary so be aware of this if you plan to do this.

A haplotype is a genetic population group associated with early migrations that today
can be related to a geographic area. A haplotype is one person's set of values for the
markers that have been tested. Any two individuals that match exactly on all markers
may be related and will have the same haplotype. We already know that heredity is the
transmission of genetic material from parent to offspring.

My haplotype is Rb1 which is about the most common European haplogroup while my
wife's group is T1 and mainly northern European. According to current theories, we are
all related way back there. The closeness of how we are related depends on the time
frame, the number of generations between the participants and the common ancestor.

It can be a lot of fun and I wish you luck if you decide to be tested.

One thing I discovered was that some of the people that shared my markers had
different last names. This is mainly due to the fact, most people didn't have last names
before the year 1200 and yes, the research can take you way back there. We are all

descended from one person, and then from a few families, and as times goes by, those
families keep branching out to our own family group.

About the author:
John Sprague is presently in the mideast working as a contractor on a military base in
the field of logistics. His website at
has photos of Iraq and Kuwait as well as marketing articles and free website tools.

Genealogy: Analyzing Details of Estate Records
Author: Jeannette Holland Austin

To search for ancestors, you need to search estate indexes in county records. The
search includes Wills, Annual Returns, Inventories, Sales, Vouchers, and Minutes of the
Inferior Court.

Not everyone files a Last Will and Testament for probate, but even the poorest families
usually had an administrator appointed for a number of practical reasons. For one thing,
they needed the authority to gain access to funds and sell property. For this reason we
must systematically research all the court house papers. The first Annual Return for the
estate generally pays doctor bills, funerals and miscellaneous expenses of the
administrator. Thereafter, in later returns, funds are dispersed to the heirs. You should
really review these returns carefully and attempt to identify everyone receiving payment.

Receipts are given to administrator. You want to read the vouchers and receipts
because this is where you will find the husbands of the daughters. Married women did
not directly inherit; their husbands received the goods and signed for them. The
Inventories and Sales contain the names of relatives and neighbors who were
purchasing items. Also, this is where you will find a general description of parcels of land
owned by the decedent and a list of notes owed him.

This is the means to finding when and where a person died.

For the convenience of all Georgia genealogists, the indexes to
most of Georgia’s estates and wills are online at and available to subscribers.

About the author:
Author of over 100 genealogy books, professional genealogist of
40 years plud. Owner of

Heraldry and Genealogy-Ignore Coat of Arms Rules at Your
Own Risk
Author: Mark D. Jordan

Heraldry, as a science, is almost totally ignored by most of our educated classes in the
United States. Many family history researchers dig into heraldry to some extent, but
even they are not as versed in it as they should be. If a genealogist is asked to do some
research for a client or friend, many times the question of "Do I have a coat of arms?"
will arise. Family history researchers should learn some background of heraldry in
order to tackle such questions.

The Coat-of-Arms business is very popular and there is a lot of interest among family
history researchers in knowing various Coats of Arms. But there is not a lot of
information propagated around dealing with the regulations of Coat of Arms. United
States laws do not recognize heraldic emblems and so they are not regulated in the
United States, and many have been allowed to do as they please with a traditional
family coat-of-arms that they falsely claim. Some authorities might declare that heraldry
is an essential aid to the student of medieval history and medieval architecture. As a
science, therefore, it should have a certain place in our systems of education. But
beyond this necessity, there is a more urgent reason for a greater familiarity with the
subject. Our social relations with Europe are important. It is well known abroad that we
have no titles of nobility in the United States, and there is, consequently, no inducement
for any American to claim such a distinction.

But, in all parts of Europe, there is still in existence a system of honorary insignia which
is supposed to bestow upon the possessors a certain social position. These decorations
are usually coat-of-arms, and the rules regulating their use are defined by well-known
authorities. In fact, arms are the remaining traces of the old social division of gentle and
ignoble birth.

Every one who uses a coat-of-arms proclaims his involvement among the gentlemen of
the land, and is supposed to be able to furnish satisfactory proof of his right to the
position. This right may be obtained by grant from the sovereign through the duly
constituted officials, a process that is expensive, or it may be acquired by inheritance.

Inherited arms are usually most prized, and their value is estimated by their antiquity.
Theoretically, however, they are all of equal value.

Family history researchers should be aware that the use of heraldic emblems as a
system cannot be traced much earlier than A. D. 1200. Probably at that date and for
around two centuries following, every knight adopted such a design, always in
accordance with a certain design plan, to his choosing. But soon after A. D. 1400, in
England, the right to grant arms was reserved to the Crown, and then a way was
adopted to determine or record the names of all persons entitled to a coat-of-arms.

The College of Heralds was to become the repository of heraldry proof, and with
physical visits to the different counties of England, they were to figure out who were the
gentlemen at that time. While doing this, all grants of arms were to be recorded, and any
one falsely pretending to arms was to be severely punished. The plan was successfully
carried out in Scotland, but in England it failed. Many visitations were made, and many
coat-of-arms recorded, but the lack of power to enforce the punishment for false arms
prevented recording a complete or fully accurate register. Many people just simply
refused to comply.

Even today in England grants are made to families of education and wealth based many
times on assumptions, but no arms is recognized by Heralds unless it is recorded in the
Herald's college. Still, family history researchers may recognize any coat-of-arms in use
before the sixteenth century, even if not recorded, but they should be aware of rules of

Officially, the right to use a coat-of-arms by inheritance is dependent entirely upon a well
documented pedigree which can be researched by a genealogist. A coat-of-arms,
whether obtained by grant or officially recognized by the Heralds is actually property,
with some value. It is inherited by the descendants of the first true and verified
possessor only. When someone seeks to establish a claim on the grounds of
inheritance, they must prove descent precisely as they would in claiming a piece of

In the United States there is a common mistake among some novice family history
researchers that certain coats-of-arms belong to certain families. It is supposed that all
of the same surname constitute one family, and are hence entitled to the arms. This is
simply not true since we know matching surnames does not mean matching origin. It is
very important for family history researchers just starting out to be aware of these
heraldry issues.

About the author:
Mark D. Jordan is a writer and researcher living in Pennsylvania. More heraldry and
genealogy material can be read at
<a href="">Family History Blog</a> and
<a href="">Medieval Life, Dress and

Suggestions For Your Family Interviews During Genealogy
Author: Avery J. Parker

Interviewing comes naturally to some people, for some reason they seem to be excellent
at asking just the right questions and not forgetting any of the answers. I have not
written this article for those people. I suspect even they may find some ideas here that
would improve their abilities to find out nuggets of their family history from their relatives.

My first and biggest suggestion, is take something to record your interview with you.

Don't plan to write notes through the interview. It's hard to keep up and it takes you out
of the conversation. Something that records direct to digital audio files is a fantastic
choice. I have a Zoom H4 digital recorder that I use for many purposes and this would
be an excellent choice, but there are many choices out there. In fact the Zoom H2 is a
bit cheaper and geared for just stereo recording and could be a good choice. Just be
sure that whatever you use you are able to convert the files to something useful to share
with others at some point.

Before your visit be sure to ask your relative if they mind if you record the conversation.

Explain that you want to ask about the family history and about what they remember
when they were growing up and explain that you would like to record it so you can get all
the details straight and not have to sit and write during the whole visit.

Okay, so what kinds of questions do you ask?

So many family histories are simply dry facts. Name, date, born, died, where can be
such a dry distillation of any life.

Try to dig a bit deeper than that. Ask if they could describe what their parents looked
like, favorite sayings of a family member, favourite songs.

Did they play a musical instrument?:

What did they do for a living?

What was it like growing up in that family?

When did they first get a radio/tv/car/etc. what was that like?

Did they ever travel, where, how did they get there, what was that like?

Where did they live, why?

This gives you some ideas.

But what you want to do is try to find out how they have seen the history that they've
lived. Where were they when they heard about.... is a good line of questioning too. Try
to let the conversation flow.

Now, I just said try to let the conversation flow, but I think you should start out with a list
of questions that you would like to hear answers to. Think of yourself as a reporter
digging for a story. Do research beforehand about some of the big things that have
happened during the lifetime of your family member. Try to find out how these things
affected them, or IF they did. If new questions come up during the discussion, try to
follow them and see where it leads, but try to get through all your questions. If there
seem to be too many questions left unanswered, you might consider finishing up and not
making the visit feel like an extended inquisition. It's common for an eager researcher to
be excited about finding out family details and lose track of time.

Keep your family members time in mind too, they will likely be glad to chat with you, but
don't monopolize their time and make them glad to see you leave. It might be better to
say "I can't believe how the time has gotten away, we've been talking for an hour, I
should probably go, do you think we could do this again sometime?" than to have to be
told, "Wow, we've been talking three hours, I really need to get started with dinner."

Think about common interview techniques, in other words study good interviewers on tv
or the radio. Notice how they try to work into open questions to let the interviewee
answer with more than a yes or no? Also, don't expect all the answers. Some people
don't remember much of what they were told as children about their extended family.

Your goal is not to make a family tree breakthrough, but to add "leaves" onto a section of
the family story. You could probably find out a lot about what life was like as they were
growing up, about things they did as a family from those that don't remember many
family details. That kind of information can be as valuable as the name of a great-great

Another good idea is to take what you learn in your initial interviews and do some
research from there in the library, courthouse, or elsewhere and fill in some details.

Then, after further research, go back and ask questions about some of the things you've
found. "Do you remember anything about your parents having a child that died young?"

Using research to go back and have further discussions can help refresh memories and
those memories may lead to other interesting stories. I remember in one of our family
histories it took finding a great-great-great grandfathers name written for some of the
great-aunt's and uncles to say "oh yes, that's right daddy had a grandfather named
_______." Sometimes you'll be able to use those moments to either simply confirm what
you've researched, or even expand a bit.

In closing, I suggest any family history researcher or genealogist to make talking to their
older relatives the first priority in their ancestry research. We often overlook the recent
history in search for the older histories, but sometimes it's so much easier to put details
into the more recent history if we just take the effort to do so. Additionally, if you spend
too much of your time in the library early on, you may regret missing the opportunity to
learn more from your older relatives when you had the chance. Enjoy your interviews
and good luck with your research.

About the author:
Avery J. Parker has been interested and researching his own family genealogy since the
early 1990's. For more of his genealogy and family history writings, visit either
<a href="">North Carolina Genealogy</a> or
<a href="">South Carolina Genealogy</a> which
detail resources in those respective states.

Tips for Posting Queries in Genealogy Forums
Author: Avery J. Parker

I have now run forums for
<a href="">North Carolina Genealogy
Queries</a> and
<a href="">South Carolina Genealogy
Queries</a>, as well as years of visiting Family History Query forums on the web, many
of the people posting could use a few suggestions to make their Queries more visible,
more useful and more likely to get a good response.

The first step is the choice of a forum to place a query. If the board or forum has
separate rooms for individual counties and your query is about someone that you are
certain of the county they came from, then it will help greatly if you do place it in
that place. If however, your ancestor traveled through several counties or the county
was unknown, then look for a statewide forum, or a county unknown forum.

After choosing the correct forum for your post the next thing you need to do is to focus
on a good title. The title of your post is going to be essential to other people spotting and
participating in the discussion. You might not want to be as vague as "Joe Smith" for
your title, or "Smith Family". You would probably want to provide a bit more information -
"Joe Smith b. 1789 md. Nancy Jones" for instance is a way to get more detail into the

Another example would be "Frank Smith family - late 1790s" Certainly there have been
countless Frank Smith families, but narrowing it to a time frame or including a
spouse, or township name can help to narrow it down. If you are posting in a forum
geared towards a certain surname you probably should include county and state
information in your subject as well to help narrow the focus.

Use the body of your query post to restate and expand on what you have started in the
title and make sure to give more information. Try to have more in the content than
simply "looking for information". Tell everything that you know about the person you've
posted a query for. Restate the information from the title and provide as much detail as
you have been able to collect. I know it's the same age old genealogy dilemma of
needing to know information to get information, but I'm sure you at least know something
about either a parent or child of the individual you're searching for, so include that
information in your post.

Some forum software gives the ability to "Tag" posts. This is a way of assigning the
keywords that you (or other forum users) think are most important to the forum
discussion. So, to use our above example. Frank Smith would be a good tag or Smith or
Smith Family, even "late 1790's" or 1790s could be good tags. Frank probably wouldn't
be a great tag unless this forum was ONLY about people with the last name Smith.

If you construct your genealogy query posts the right way you'll be surprised at the kind
of response you get. Be certain to check back in the forums for any responses to your
queries as not all forums mail you when you have an answer. In closing though it is a
good idea to make sure you leave a good way for people to contact you with a
response. Either having your email address on file with the forum, or checking back
frequently are good ways to make sure you'll see the answers to the queries
you've posted.

About the author:
Avery J. Parker has been interested and researching his own family genealogy since the
early 1990's. For more of his genealogy and family history writings, visit either
<a href="">North Carolina Genealogy</a> or
<a href="">South Carolina Genealogy</a> which
detail resources in those respective states.

Using Maps for Genealogy Research
Author: Danuin Mumm

If you're trying to complete your family tree, you may find genealogy maps to be helpful.
Maps are great tools to use for genealogy research. They can provide details and clues
about where your ancestors lived.

Historic maps can show how every bit of land has changed over centuries. If you have
gathered enough facts about your family history from researching census records, birth
certificates, death certificates, etc., it's time to turn to the maps! Old, historic maps can
come in handy, since they show how the world has changed over the years. All types of
land, ranging from entire countries to small towns, have changed over the centuries.
Historic maps show these changes.

If you know the name(s) of the town(s) your ancestors lived, you can look the places up
on historic maps. Even if those towns have new names name, you can pinpoint their
exact location on the maps. You can find copies of these maps at your local library, or
you could even look them up on the Internet!

Using the Internet to help with genealogic work is great. Some genealogy sites will allow
you to download software so you can view historic maps, and others will actually sell
you real copies of the maps! If you want to do genealogy research the old fashioned
way, you should consider ordering vintage maps!

Wouldn't it be nice to see how the world has changed through the centuries? You can
compare the world you now see with your own eyes to how all of your ancestors saw it.

Towns and cities that you're now familiar with may have changed a great deal through
the ages. Historic maps allow you to see these changes in full detail. What was the
name of your town 200 years ago? What about 500 years ago? Was your town even
really a town then? Historic maps will show you the answer!

About the author:
Written by Danuin Mumm. Find the very best info on
<a href="">Genealogy
Maps</A> as well as
<a href="">Historic

Genealogy Maps Make Great Gifts
Author: Danuin Mumm

Have you ever wondered what the world was like when your ancestors lived? Thanks to
genealogy maps, you can! No matter where in the world your ancestors existed, there
are historical maps detailing the land as it was during those times. Whether you're a
lover of history, a student, or a genealogist, you will be fascinated over ancient maps.

There were historic maps drawn during every year of recorded history. The ancients did
a great job drawing detailed maps with what limited resource they had. There are
literally thousands of historic maps that are still available for us today. Not only can we
read about history, but ancient world maps give us the opportunity to actually *see*

Imagine seeing the world as the ancient Romans saw it. Yes, it's possible to see the rise
and fall of the Roman Empire through historic maps! It's also possible to watch how
America changed over the course of the Civil War. Civil War maps were updated every
day during the war. There are even historic maps showing the location of many Native
American tribes over the centuries! No matter how far back into the past you'd like to go,
you'll be able to find a historic map dating back to that time. Some of them even go back
to 500 BC!

Modern technology gives us the opportunity to make exact copies of ancient maps.
Replicas still have the look and feel of antique world maps. You can collect physical
copies of the historic maps, as well as download them.

You can also buy them as gifts for family members. If you have a genealogy freak or
history buff in your family, antique world maps would be a perfect gift for them! You can
give them a chance to see the world through the eyes of their ancestors.

Allow them to see the immigration routes that their ancestors took, exactly as they took
them. Historic world maps are truly ideal gifts for anyone who is interested in either their
own family history, or world history in general.

About the author:
Article by Danuin Mumm. On our website we have articles on

<a href="">Genealogy
Maps</a> and we also host the top info on
<a href="">Local
Township maps</a>

Genealogy Maps Offer Us Excitement
Author: Danuin Mumm

Antique world map collectors are a group of people that have an interest in seeing the
world as it has changed over ages.

Antique collectors are not only interested in watching history evolve through maps, but
the quality of map making, as well. Many map collectors also have an interest in historic
military and cartography.

Maps have been used to help with the discovery and colonization of the world. Antique
world maps were often beautifully painted and made. Historical map artists were very
talented at drawing and painting landscapes with perfect detail. Historic maps have
evolved from the days of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics, to Native American tribe
territory drawings, and to the European drawings of their naval discoveries.

Since then, historic maps have been drawing detailing the colonization of the United
States of America. Not only did the Native Americans draw maps of their tribes
throughout the ages, but immigrants have been drawing detailed maps of boundaries
and territories from the time they begin coming over here, throughout the Revolutionary,
Mexican, and Civil Wars, to where we are today.

Because of these maps, many of us today are able to study the world as it was for our
ancestors. There are some who now collect historic maps to help them with genealogy

Historic maps used along with old census records makes it easy to track our ancestors'
moments over the years. No matter what continent our ancestors originated from,
genealogy maps gives us the ability to trace their footsteps all across the globe! Those
of us with Native American ancestry can follow them as they moved all around North
and South America over the centuries.

The market for antique world maps is increasing with new buyers every year. The
excitement that historical and genealogy maps give us, for whatever reason(s), is
spreading to others.

Historic maps truly give us an insight to not only our own family heritage, but the entire

About the author:
Article by Danuin Mumm. Here you will find everything you wanted to learn regarding
<a href="">Genealogy
Maps</a> and even
<a href="">Old Town
How To Get Started in Irish Genealogy
Author: GenFind

Congratulations on deciding to get started on tracing your Irish ancestors. It's going to
be an exciting time for you in the next few years. (Did I say years???) Yes, it won't
happen overnight, but as the discoveries start adding up - so will the number of
names in your family tree. First off, get a good computer program. Make sure that it has
the capability to produce files in GEDCOM format, because sooner or later you're going
to want to share your family tree files with someone. Someone who may, hopefully, have
a common ancestor with you.

A "new" relative! I use a program called
<a href="">Legacy Family Tree</a>.

It has just about everything you should need, including a free download to see if you like

Ireland has several record keeping division for lack of a better word.
They are: Province (4 Ulster, Connaught, Munster, Leinster) County (32) Poor Law
Union (163 divisions) Barony (331 unions) Civil Parish (2508 parishes) Townland (over

Civil parish - NOT to be confused with the parishes of religious denominations is the
recording division that I think is the most important. It allows you to narrow down your
search area considerably. However, to get started in Irish genealogy, you have to find
the county of your ancestor first. For some this will be relatively easy - for other (like me)
not so easy.

My grandfather had thought that his father was from Galway so I joined a mailing list for
County Galway and spread the word that I was looking for a Maurice Keane. The old-
time listers told me I'd have a better shot at finding my ancestor if I tried the Kerry
mailing list. I was skeptical because I was thinking that my grandfather SHOULD know
where his father was born!

To make it short, I joined the Kerry list and THEY found my great-grandfather (ok so it
was a fluke) in LIMERICK. My point is to follow every avenue possible in searching for
your Irish Ancestors. Don't leave any stones unturned and you'll be much more

What are you waiting for? Check out <a href=""> More
Generations</a>, get your program rolling, enter those known family members and
GET ONLINE and do some research! Have fun with it. Map for family members, add
those pictures you have. Enjoy and get involved in the hobby for a life-time

About the author:
I have been involved in genealogy for over 15 years. It's been an up and down process
culminating in the spectacular discovery of finding my living relatives in Ireland today.
Still living on the same farm from which my great-grandfather was born and raised.
Come share with me that particular joy in reuniting with lost family.

Tracing Your Irish Ancestors
Author: GenFind

Tracing your Irish family tree and become easier than ever with the advent of the
internet. People are connected in a way that wasn't possible 20 years ago. Computer
programs enable us to much more accurately allow us to record the facts that are
required to find your Irish ancestors.

Do it all by hand??? I think not! The filing method would have to be as complicated as
the Dewey Decimal system!

<a href="">Legacy Family Tree</a> has the perfect
solution for all your genealogical record keeping. Visit their website and find out for

The number one fact I try to impart to anyone asking me about genealogy is to Start at
home. You can't find your ancestors in Ireland without first finding them at home.

So go talk to your parents, grandparents, aunts uncles - every family member that will
listen. Bring a camcorder (especially for the "interviews" with the older folks) and get all
their information down for posterity! Get the names, ages, dates, schools attended,
marriages, siblings then record EVERYTHING. After the nitty gritty is out of the way, sit
back and get them to really talk. Stories from growing up, things they remember their
parents and other relatives talking about - especially ANYTHING they can remember
having heard about your ancestors in Ireland.

The types of jobs they had, could they read and write, were they farmers or
shopkeepers or sailors. All of these small "remembrances" may be the key to unlocking
the door to tracing your Irish ancestors.

During your interviews ask to see pictures. Ask permission to make copies of any that
are of your Irish ancestors. Even if they are not positive WHO is in the pictures or the
exact date - there are many sources available that can help you date older pictures. My
great-grandmother was married twice. I had a picture of her with a man, but I didn't know
if it was her first husband or her second. Through a process of detailing all aspects of
the photo it was determined that the man in the picture was her first husband, my great-

It was the first (and only) picture ever discovered in my family of him. A are find! I have
made several copies of this photo for safe keeping, stored on CD's an with other
members of my family.

SO - don't discard a photo just because the individual is not immediately recognized as
an ancestor. Keep it and it just may come in handy!

<a href="">Legacy Family Tree</a>
has the perfect resource to integrate family photos within your files - use it. Make the
photos a permanent part of your Irish genealogy. Make it come alive for future

About the author:
I have been involved in genealogy for over 15 years. It's been an up and down process
culminating in a spectacular discovery of finding my living relatives in Ireland today. Still
living on the same farm from which my great-grandfather was born and raised. Come
share with me that particular joy in reuniting with lost family.


Finally! The Desperate Genealogist's Idea Book: Creative Ways to Outsmart Your
Elusive Ancestors is available for purchase.

A tag-team effort by and some of genealogy's top ancestral sleuths and
accomplished writers, this 150-page e-book is packed with articles and case studies that
reveal invaluable tips, shortcuts, resources and even step-by-step instructions on how to
use overlooked research tools, conduct specialized searches and tackle brick walls with
sheer ingenuity.

When you're feeling like a "desperate genealogist," you'll be able to consult our e-book
time and again for tried-and-true pearls of wisdom from our contributors.

Click below to buy your copy today for $14.95 USD per download, and reap the benefits
from learning from the best of the best! You'll receive the creativity and the advice that
can only come from over 90 years of combined genealogy research experience in one
MUST-HAVE e-book.

Now that you have read the articles in this mini-ebook, you should have some ideas
about what to do to create your own family tree.

There is a lot of software out there to do with creating and researching your family tree,
some free and some paid.

It could be that the free ones will do all you need. By typing in “free family tree software”
(without the quotes) into Google, you can access a whole swag of them for free.

Good luck with your research, you’ll find it very uplifting.


Ian Bird


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