Chapter 11 The Federal Court System Define the terms listed below and answer the following questions on your own paper. Work completed on this page will NOT be graded. Please use appropriate numbering. Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 1. jurisdiction 10. Constitutional courts 17. Riding the circuit 2. concurrent jurisdiction 11. District courts 18. Opinion 3. trial court 12. Grand jury 19. American Bar Association 4. original jurisdiction 13. Indictment (ABA) 5. appellate jurisdiction 14. Petit jury 20. National Organization for 6. litigants 15. Legislative Courts Women (NOW) 7. Marbury vs. Madison 16. United States Circuit Court of 8. Judicial review Appeals for the Federal circuit 9. Due process clause Section 1: Powers of the Federal Court 1. Where do federal courts derive their power from? 2. Describe the concept of the dual court system. 3. Federal courts hear cases about _______ 4. State courts have jurisdiction over _______ 5. When would concurrent jurisdiction exist? 6. What did the Court declare in Marbury v. Madison? 7. What did the court declare in McCulloch v. Maryland? 8. What case broadened the meaning of interstate commerce? 9. Explain the significance of the Dred Scott v. Sandford case? 10. What amendment extends the due process clause to the states?. 11. What case established the separate but equal doctrine? 12. What case overruled the separate but equal doctrine? Section 2: Lower Federal Courts 13. Which courts are constitutional courts? They are established under which article of the Constitution? 14. What two types of cases do district courts hear? 15. Which courts are the workhorses of the federal judiciary? 16. How many appellate courts are there today? 17. List 6 legislative courts and describe the cases they hear. 18. What is the term for federal judges in Constitutional Courts? What is the purpose for this term? 19. Who appoints all federal judges? What is the check on this power? Section 3: The Supreme Court 20. What article of the Constitution created the Supreme Court? 21. How do most cases get to the Supreme Court? 22. What does “Court of last resort” mean? 23. What types of jurisdiction does the Supreme Court have? 24. Describe the Supreme Courts Original Jurisdiction? 25. Describe the Supreme Courts Appellate Jurisdiction? 26. How many Justices sit on the Supreme Court? 27. What are the duties of the justices? 28. Describe the justice’s additional duties in regard to the 12 federal judicial courts. 29. How do current justices influence nominations to the Supreme Court?
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