Docstoc

gha-report-2011-chapter2

Document Sample
gha-report-2011-chapter2 Powered By Docstoc
					FIGURE 1: POPULATIONS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AFFECTED BY NATURAL DISASTERS, 2000–2010
Note: Income groups are those determined by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for 2009 and

                       Low-income countries Upper middle-income
                                  Lower               Total
            Least developed countries middle-income countries countries
     2000         18.9        9.6     142.9       0.8        172                                                       700
     2001         11.5        9.6       78.7      7.3        107
                                                                                                                       600




                                                                                    Total affected people (millions)
     2002         11.4        3.2     640.3       1.7        657
     2003         17.8        2.0     232.6       1.0        253                                                       500
     2004         40.5        3.5       96.0     16.1        156
     2005         20.1       17.1     116.0       5.8        159                                                       400
     2006          8.0        4.3     112.7       0.7        126
                                                                                                                       300
     2007         30.5        7.2     168.5       3.9        210
     2008         19.2        8.0     176.8       3.4        207                                                             172
                                                                                                                       200
     2009         28.4        6.3     159.2       2.4        196
     2010         11.4       25.4     173.4       4.8        215                                                       100

                                                                                                                         0
                                                                                                                             2000

                                                                                                                                Least developed countries
                                                                                                                                Lower middle
                                                                                                                                Total
ration and Development (OECD) for 2009 and 2010. Natural disasters include those classifed by the Centre for Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) as geo


                             657




                                    253
                                                                   210    207    196    215
               172                            156    159
                      107                                   126




               2000   2001   2002   2003      2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010

                  Least developed countries            Low-income countries
                  Lower middle-income countries        Upper middle-income countries
                  Total
e for Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) as geophysical, hydrological, meterological and climatalogical. In the peak year, 2002, 97.9% of the total numbe
the peak year, 2002, 97.9% of the total number of people affected were affected by severe drought, storms and floods in China (285 million) and in Ind
ms and floods in China (285 million) and in India (342 million). Source: Development Initiatives based on CRED EM-DAT data, downloaded 3 May 2011
CRED EM-DAT data, downloaded 3 May 2011
FIGURE 2: TRENDS IN THE INCIDENCE OF CONFLICT, 2000–2008
Sources: Uppsala Conflict Data Program datasets (UCDP/PRIO Armed Conflict Dataset v.4-2010, 1946–2009; UCDP Non-State

                                                         2000            2001      2002         2003     2004         2005     2006
State-based violence                                       37              36        32           29       32           32       33
Non-state based violence                                   39              28        35           36       27           27       24
One-sided violence                                         28              27        40           36       42           31       30



                                                             120
                           Number of armed conflict events



                                                             100
                                                                    28              40
                                                                                           36                                   26
                                                             80              27                    42
                                                                                                          31     30
                                                                                                                         26
                                                             60
                                                                    39                                                          35
                                                                             28     35     36      27     27     24      17
                                                             40


                                                             20     37       36                                          35     37
                                                                                    32     29      32     32     33

                                                               0
                                                                   2000     2001   2002   2003    2004   2005   2006    2007   2008
010, 1946–2009; UCDP Non-State Conflict Dataset v. 2.3-2010, 1989–2008; One-Sided Violence Dataset v 1.3-2010b, 1989–2008)

                 2007         2008
                   35           37
                   17           35
                   26           26




                One-sided violence
                Non-state based
                State based
v 1.3-2010b, 1989–2008)
FIGURE 3: PROPORTION OF TOTAL HUMANITARIAN AID RECEIVED BY CONFLICT-AFFECTED STATES, 2000–2009
Note: See Data & Guides section for Development Initiatives’ definition of conflict-affected states. Source: Development Initia

                                2000       2001         2002        2003        2004      2005        2006
                                 13.7%      13.3%        17.2%        21.6%       22.1%
                  % of total humanitarian aid to top 3 conflict-affected recipients        20.9%       24.6%
                                 26.4%      30.6%        28.7%        28.2%       28.0%
                  % of total humanitarian aid to all other conflict-affected recipients    35.3%       42.0%
                                 59.9%      56.1%        54.0%        50.1%
                  % of total humanitarian aid to non-conflict-affected recipients 49.9%    43.8%       33.4%
S, 2000–2009
. Source: Development Initiatives based on OECD DAC data

              2007       2008       2009                   2009                25.9%                              39.1%
               26.7%      24.8%      25.9%
                                                           2008            24.8%                                   42.2%
               35.6%      42.2%      39.1%
               37.7%      33.0%      35.0%                 2007                26.7%                              35.6%

                                                           2006            24.6%                                  42.0%

                                                           2005           20.9%                           35.3%

                                                           2004           22.1%                        28.0%

                                                           2003           21.6%                        28.2%

                                                           2002         17.2%                    28.7%

                                                           2001        13.3%                  30.6%

                                                           2000        13.7%                 26.4%

                                                                  0%      10%          20%       30%        40%           50%

                                                                                        % of total humanitarian aid to top 3 conflict
                                                                                        % of total humanitarian aid to all other conflict
                                                                                        % of total humanitarian aid to non conflict
                                                  35.0%

                                                  33.0%

                                               37.7%

                                                  33.4%

                                            43.8%

                                       49.9%

                                      50.1%

                                    54.0%

                                  56.1%

                                59.9%

         50%         60%         70%          80%         90%   100%

n aid to top 3 conflict-affected recipients
n aid to all other conflict-affected recipients
n aid to non conflict-affected recipients
FIGURE 4: FUNDING TO COMPLEX EMERGENCIES AND NATURAL DISASTERS REPORTED WITHIN UN CONSOLIDATED APPEALS,
Source: Development Initiatives based on UN OCHA Financial Tracking Service (FTS) data

                             2000            2001                 2002            2003                  2004          2005
Complex emergency              1.1             1.4                  3.0             4.0                   2.0           2.3
Natural disaster               0.0             0.0                  0.0             0.0                   0.2           1.7
Miscellaneous                  0.0             0.0                  0.0             0.0                   0.0           0.0
Total                          1.1             1.4                  3.0             4.0                   2.2           4.0



                         8                                                                                      7.1
                                                                                                    6.9
                         7
                         6                                                                5.1
                         5
           US$ billion




                                                     4.0             4.0
                                                                           3.5     3.7
                         4
                                            3.0
                         3                                 2.2
                         2           1.4
                             1.1
                         1
                         0
                             2000    2001   2002   2003    2004     2005   2006   2007    2008     2009     2010

                                      Complex emergency              Natural disaster           Total
N UN CONSOLIDATED APPEALS, 2000–2010


                   2006         2007    2008    2009    2010 Grand Total
                     3.4          3.5     4.6     6.8     4.6            36.7
                     0.1          0.2     0.5     0.1     2.4             5.2
                     0.0          0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0             0.0
                     3.5          3.7     5.1     6.9     7.1            42.0
FIGURE 5: CHANGES IN COMMODITY PRICES, 1990–2011 (FIRST QUARTER)
Note: Food and energy prices indices here show variation from the year 2000 when the index value is set at 100. Source: Dev

MIDAS Country Dim                                   MIDAS Country DimCode    MIDAS Series Dim
World                                                                            Food price
                                                    Agr: Food, 2000=100, constant 2000$ index
World                                                                            Energy price index
                                                    Energy, 2000=100, constant 2000$
World                                                                            constant avg, spot, $/bbl, constant 2000$
                                                    Crude oil, avg, spot, $/bbl, Crude oil,2000$
World                                                                            Agr: Raw materials,
                                                    Agr: Raw materials, 2000=100, constant 2000$2000=100, constant 2000$




                                       400
   Index value: 2000 = 100 (constant




                                       350
                                       300
             2000 prices)




                                       250
                                       200
                                       150
                                       100
                                        50
                                         0
                                                             1992




                                                                                                       1997
                                             1990


                                                     1991




                                                                     1993


                                                                             1994


                                                                                     1995


                                                                                                1996




                                                                                                              1998


                                                                                                                     1999
the index value is set at 100. Source: Development Initiatives based on World Bank Global Economic Monitor (GEM)

           MIDAS Series DimCode                              1990                                                           1991
           KIFOOD                    118.765618      117.89632      113.568063     111.916429   113.591446         110.498867
           KIENERGY                  68.9490205     59.0841818      86.1655749     101.967007   68.4276718         64.6597099
           KCRUDE_PETRO              18.8420675     15.6783278      24.7052439     29.7099993   18.6611013         17.5288428
           KIRAW_MATERIAL            105.690861     104.672874      104.835567     105.395124   101.470398         103.382277




                                                                                                                       Food price index
                                                                                                                       Energy price index
                                     2003




                                                                                 2008
             2000


                     2001


                             2002




                                             2004


                                                      2005


                                                             2006


                                                                       2007




                                                                                        2009


                                                                                                2010


                                                                                                       (Q1) 2011
     1991                                              1992                                        1993
          111.301588   112.815803 110.840627   109.182743   107.519031   104.084987   106.491663
          67.5142104   69.3317767  58.878874   65.1741118   66.7951914   63.8331713   59.6560322
          18.5605737   19.0420481 16.0390436   18.0318196   18.3274232   17.3998395   16.3483129
          104.776795   102.975883 99.4017584   103.015277   101.895463   100.999975   104.098205




Food price index
Energy price index
        1993                                                1994
103.962015   105.934646   112.262448    114.26195   109.940326   112.332808   117.779789
59.9061985   55.0298463   52.0713234   46.7954551   52.4431068   54.6978009   53.4215924
16.4140907   14.7848252   13.8082779   12.1721378   14.2236217   14.9709479   14.5039911
120.597523   122.380872   116.736504   111.647173   124.010631    130.75474   127.990842
                     1995                                            1996
113.677003   112.935037   120.101058   123.283134 131.552466  138.78467 131.691784
52.7980518    55.433228   51.4999581   53.2097701 61.0847002 62.6793988 65.8075078
14.2950228   15.0614699   13.6604673   14.0376958  15.977204 16.9492824   18.12703
131.154621   131.388839   115.686092   121.049631 127.054072  127.82244 122.934391
                                  1997                                                1998
121.558658   137.621219   132.560359    125.01245   127.395547   131.004363   129.850229
73.2737179   71.4373359   63.6320055   64.6726011   65.1363008   52.8688568   50.3172109
 20.263274   19.7045424   17.2611395   17.4251899   17.5894304   13.7296834   13.0085689
120.611823   129.913987   127.796703   114.769656   100.608325   97.0535241   93.4383213
1998                                              1999                                      2000
   121.540236   121.485354   112.534095   102.371326   97.8785306   97.8213283  101.42585
   48.3455227   44.4053517   44.0210296   57.1787421   71.1881218   80.5486437 92.2649667
   12.6786207   11.5608118   11.5384141    15.767027   20.2153363   23.2356187 26.6736556
   89.3846845   92.8656305   94.0996418    94.288988   95.9571933   99.6184062 102.774756
        2000                                         2001
101.210998 97.0223691 100.340782    104.5828 103.939484   112.753097   104.210587
 94.226063  105.20984   108.29913 101.152757  100.48274   92.9296972   72.9837301
26.7591444     29.8408 29.6452778 26.8635681 27.5546333   26.0440554   19.8989706
103.570549  99.106065    94.54863 92.6889708 89.8963929   87.2097158   81.3878663
                   2002                                              2003
106.936447 111.142618 119.968873   123.296689   114.840063   112.436874   112.091551
78.1847514 92.2891829 97.0787319   98.4533652   108.307838   93.5280245   98.2331403
21.8312412 26.2913192 28.1056522    27.808266   30.4094058   25.7328375   27.5483028
  86.92897  93.868029 104.293235    104.63019   102.960234   103.338706   105.570194
                                2004                                                2005
127.044199   129.833956  129.56686   119.134226   115.398518   120.756498   122.319025
102.176576   105.662916 118.017704   131.447116   138.249565   148.155402   161.538032
28.5049664   29.1651737  32.327295   36.7947568   38.7555762    41.988476   46.1118558
115.499558    108.83356 111.782413   107.323826   106.069848   109.448966   115.082919
2005                                            2006                                      2007
   119.245419   122.785482  127.45074   128.620261   129.719331   139.564141 139.456645
   190.528828   183.382254 188.871927   208.230923   209.078342    183.32884 171.661297
   54.4611269   51.3478625 54.5409921   61.0485233   61.4794495   52.7407525 48.8457492
   124.818475   126.490164 137.755849   152.422796   146.871821   136.285761  145.26486
        2007                                              2008
 147.35917   161.919061   182.007195    205.75621 228.987989   208.416419   148.522627
194.994342   214.328634   254.838516   264.857932  334.23352   324.819664   170.341265
56.4490996   62.7335054   74.7784072   76.2411531 96.7710798   92.5411506   44.7986626
149.672664   146.858457   155.455663   159.086092 170.951134   168.340034   127.981772
                     2009                                                2010
159.027863   175.197457   172.389475   178.414837   176.726865   166.668466 184.055143
138.839411   170.781897   192.303311   213.827345   220.648499   222.014911  215.18998
36.8369578   49.4284543   56.9606097   63.0485797   63.9003163   64.8247299 62.6122939
127.819639   134.490962   141.022178   160.300648   175.736835   194.343021 190.076944
                          (Q1) 2011
215.888001   243.270574
241.573764   290.006868
70.8319478   85.1852362
227.530807   286.771984
FIGURE 6: GNI OF OECD DAC GOVERNMENTS AND GROWTH IN ODA LEVELS EXPRESSED AS A PERCENTAGE OF GNI, 1990–201
Source: Development Initiatives based on OECD DAC data

DAC COUNTRIES     1990                 1991                       1992                  1993                      1994
ODA as % of GNI               0.33%                  0.33%                    0.33%                     0.29%                  0.29%
GNI                          24,675                 25,356                   25,850                    26,543                 27,374
ODA                          82,743                 85,923                   87,128                    80,667                 80,845




                     0.35%

                     0.30%

                     0.25%

                     0.20%

                     0.15%

                     0.10%

                     0.05%

                     0.00%
                               1990

                                      1991

                                             1992

                                                    1993

                                                           1994

                                                                   1995

                                                                          1996

                                                                                 1997

                                                                                        1998

                                                                                               1999

                                                                                                        2000

                                                                                                               2001

                                                                                                                      2002

                                                                                                                             2003

                                                                                                                                    2004
                                                                                                      GNI               ODA as % of GNI
NTAGE OF GNI, 1990–2010


             1995                        1996                   1997                                        1998            1999            2000
                                0.26%                 0.24%                                        0.22%            0.23%           0.22%           0.22%
                               28,268                29,250                                       30,242           31,437          32,577          33,869
                               72,994                72,297                                       67,931           74,274          74,802          78,021




                                                            45000



                                                                       US$ billion (constant 2009 prices)
                                                            40000
                                                            35000
                                                            30000
                                                            25000
                                                            20000
                                                            15000
                                                            10000
                                                            5000
                                                            0
                        2006




                                              2009
                 2005



                                2007

                                       2008



                                                     2010




DA as % of GNI
2001            2002            2003            2004            2005             2006
        0.22%           0.23%           0.24%           0.25%            0.32%            0.30%
       34,281          34,748          35,326          36,422           37,385           38,616
       79,718          85,202          88,365          92,904          122,276          115,942
2007             2008             2009             2010
         0.27%            0.30%            0.31%            0.32%
        39,565           40,028           38,483           39,745
       106,588          118,594          119,781          127,518
FIGURE 7: FUNDING REQUIREMENTS BY TYPE OF APPEAL IN THE UN CONSOLIDATED APPEALS PROCESS, 2000–2010
Source: UN OCHA FTS

               2000     2001                  2002            2003         2004      2005            2006         2007
                 1.9
Consolidated appeals     2.6                      4.4          5.2          3.0         3.8           4.9          4.8
Flash appeals    0.0     0.0                      0.0          0.0          0.5         2.2           0.3          0.4


                                             12

                                             10

                                             8
                               US$ billion

                                                                                                                  0.8
                                             6
                                                                            0.0             2.2     0.3     0.4
                                             4                       0.0
                                                                                  0.5                             6.3
                                                              0.0           5.2                     4.9     4.8
                                             2          0.0          4.4                    3.8
                                                              2.6                 3.0
                                                        1.9
                                             0
                                                    2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

                                                                     Consolidated appeals         Flash appeals
LS PROCESS, 2000–2010


                  2008    2009   2010
                   6.3     9.5    7.7
                   0.8     0.3    3.6




            0.3     3.6




            9.5
                    7.7




     2008 2009 2010
FIGURE 8: UN CAP REQUIREMENTS, FUNDING AND UNMET NEEDS, 2000–2010
Source: UN OCHA FTS

                                      2000            2001              2002              2003                2004
       Requirement                      1.9            2.6                4.4              5.2                 3.4
          Funding                       1.1            1.4                3.0              4.0                 2.2
        Unmet need                      0.8            1.1                1.4              1.3                 1.2




                                                                                                               7.1
                       US$ billion




                                                                                  6.0
                                                               5.2                        5.2       5.1        2.0
                                                     4.4                          2.0
                                                               1.3      3.4               1.7       1.4
                                              2.6    1.4
                                     1.9                                1.2                                    5.1
                                              1.1              4.0                4.0     3.5       3.7
                                     0.8             3.0
                                                                        2.2
                                     1.1      1.4

                                     2000     2001   2002     2003      2004     2005     2006      2007      2008


                                                           Unmet need           Funding         Requirement
               2005    2006   2007   2008   2009   2010
                6.0     5.2    5.1    7.1    9.8   11.3
                4.0     3.5    3.7    5.1    6.9    7.1
                2.0     1.7    1.4    2.0    2.8    4.2




                11.3


       9.8
                4.2
         2.8
7.1

2.0



         6.9    7.1
5.1




2008    2009   2010
FIGURE 9: UN APPEAL NEEDS MET AND UNMET AS A PERCENTAGE OF REVISED REQUIREMENTS, 2000–2010
Source: UN OCHA FTS

                       2000     2001                 2002                2003                         2004               2005                      2006
% needs met           59.2%    55.4%                67.5%               75.8%                        64.3%              67.2%                     66.5%
% needs unmet         40.8%    44.6%                32.5%               24.2%                        35.7%              32.8%                     33.5%




                                                                                     75.8%




                                                                                                                                                       72.2%
                                                                     67.5%




                                                                                                                       67.2%


                                                                                                                                       66.5%
                                                                                                       64.3%
                                    59.2%


                                                     55.4%
                                                             44.6%
                                            40.8%




                                                                                                               35.7%




                                                                                                                                               33.5%
                                                                                                                               32.8%
                                                                             32.5%




                                                                                                                                                               27.8%
                                                                                             24.2%




                                    2000             2001            2002            2003              2004            2005            2006            2007
NTS, 2000–2010


                  2007                     2008                   2009      2010
                 72.2%                    71.7%                  71.2%     63.0%
                 27.8%                    28.3%                  28.8%     37.0%
                 71.7%


                                 71.2%


                                                 63.0%
                                                         37.0%




                                                                  % needs met
                                         28.8%
                         28.3%
         27.8%




                                                                  % needs unmet




      2007       2008            2009            2010
FIGURE 10: NON-CAP APPEAL REQUIREMENTS, FUNDING AND UNMET NEEDS, 2001–2010
Source: UN OCHA FTS

Years        Original     Total revised               Funding for the              Unmet
                                                                                                      % coverage
(US$m)    requirements    requirements                   appeal                 requirements
2000
2001         158.1           203.8                           118.3                    85.6                 58.0%
2002         161.7           163.2                           50.5                    112.7                 31.0%
2003         2118.8          2117.3                          370.6                   1746.7                17.5%
2004          72.8            72.8                           26.5                     46.3                 36.4%
2005          8.5             13.7                            3.9                     9.8                  28.2%
2006         664.6           707.2                           433.3                   273.9                 61.3%
2007         374.0           460.9                           259.4                   201.6                 56.3%
2008         909.2           929.3                           574.9                   354.4                 61.9%
2009         204.2           214.3                           159.1                    55.2                 74.3%
2010         1568.5          1645.0                          719.6                   925.4                 43.7%




                                              2500
                                                                            2,117

                                              2000
                                US$ million




                                              1500


                                              1000
                                                                                                               707

                                               500
                                                     204          163
                                                                                         73          14
                                                 0
                                                     2001        2002       2003        2004        2005       2006

                                                            Funding for the appeal            Unmet requirements
Funding outside
                    Needs not met %
  the appeal


     16.7                 42%
     18.1                 69%
     119.7                82%
      3.8                 64%
      9.8                71.8%
     224.2               38.7%
     486.5               43.7%
     684.7               38.1%
     57.8                25.7%
     373.9               56.3%




                                 1,645



             929

  461
                        214


 2007        2008      2009      2010

  Total revised requirements
FIGURE 11: FUNDING TO ICRC EMERGENCY APPEALS AGAINST REQUIREMENTS, 2006–2009
Source: International Committee of the Red Cross annual financial reports

                Requirements          Income                              %
                                                        Unmet requirements funded
    2006                        830               630                 200    75.9%
    2007                        800               709                  91    88.6%
    2008                        985               891                 93        90.5%
    2009                       1036               858                178        82.8%


                      1200
                                                                                         1,036
                                                                    985
                      1000
                                                                    93                   178
                               830               800
                      800
                               200                91
        US$ million




                      600

                                                                    891                  858
                      400
                                                 709
                               630
                      200


                         0
                               2006              2007               2008                 2009

                                 Income        Unmet requirements         Requirements
FIGURE 12: SHARE OF NEEDS MET IN THE BEST AND WORST FUNDED UN CAP APPEALS, 2000–2010
Source: UN OCHA FTS data

                                                  2000            2001             2002        2003             2004            2005

Highest level of needs met                      81.6%          89.3%         94.8%         121.1%            96.1%           88.5%
Overall level of needs met (all appeals)        59.2%          55.4%         67.5%          75.8%            64.3%           67.2%
Lowest level of needs met                       17.2%          21.7%          17.6%         21.9%            14.2%           30.4%




                                                                      Great Lakes and                                  Lebanon Crisis
                                                                      Central Africa
                                                                                                                           123.2%
                                                                          121.1%




                                                            94.8%                          96.1%
                                 Sudan        89.3%                                                         88.5%
                               81.6%


                                                                            75.8%
                                                            67.5%                                           67.2%           66.5%
                                                                                           64.3%
                                59.2%
                                              55.4%



                                                                                                                            36.4%
                                Republic of
                                                                                                            30.4%
                                Congo
                                              21.7%                         21.9%
                               17.2%                        17.6%
                                                                                           14.2%
                                                                                          Zimbabwe                   ZambiaFloods


                                2000          2001           2002           2003            2004             2005            2006

                                                      Highest level of needs met                   Overall level of needs met (all appeals)
                          2006     2007           2008           2009       2010

                        123.2%   100.0%      100.0%           91.3%         74.6%
                         66.5%    72.2%       71.7%           71.2%         63.0%
                         36.4%    12.4%       35.1%           32.2%         18.6%




 Lebanon Crisis

     123.2%




                        100.0%   100.0%

                                                91.3%
                                                                  Haiti
                                                               earthquake

                                                                74.6%


                         72.2%    71.7%         71.2%
      66.5%
                                                                63.0%




      36.4%                        35.1%
                                               32.2%

                                                                18.6%
                        12.4%                                 Mongolia
                                                              Dzud

                         2007     2008           2009            2010

eds met (all appeals)             Lowest level of needs met
FIGURE 13: NUMBER OF DISASTER-AFFECTED PEOPLE AND TOTAL INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO NATURAL DISASTERS REP
Source: UN OCHA FTS and CRED


                                      Bangladesh                                           Mozambique           Pakistan floods         Iran (Bam)
                                      floods 2004                                          floods 2007               2010            earthquake 2003

No. of people affected (millions)                                                  36.9                   0.3                 20.4                     0.3

Funding to the crisis (US$ million)                                                 68                     48                2,446                    130
Amount per person (US$)                                                              2                    167                  120                    487

                                      Funding to the crisis (US$ million)   7000

                                                                            6000

                                                                            5000

                                                                            4000

                                                                            3000                                                   2,446

                                                                            2000

                                                                            1000
                                                                                           68                   48                                        130
                                                                               0
                                                                                    Bangladesh floods    Mozambique floods   Pakistan floods 2010 Iran (Bam) earthquake
                                                                                          2004                2007                                        2003


                                                                                                        No. of people affected (millions)                Funding to the crisis (US$ m
N FUNDING TO NATURAL DISASTERS REPORTED


                Indian Ocean
              earthquake/tsun Haiti earthquake
                  ami 2005           2010

                               1.7                   3.7

                            6,254                 3,536
                            3752                    956


                                6,254
                                                                     40




                                                                          No. of people affected (millions)
                                                                     35
                                                                     30
                                                                     25
                                                    3,536
                                                                     20
                                                                     15
                                                                     10

            130
                                                                     5
                                                                     0
    Iran (Bam) earthquake     Indian Ocean   Haiti earthquake 2010
            2003          earthquake/tsunami
                                  2005

           Funding to the crisis (US$ million)
FIGURE 14: PROPORTION OF FUNDING NEEDS MET IN UN CONSOLIDATED APPEALS IN 2009 AND 2010
Source: Development Initiatives based on UN OCHA FTS

                                   Reduction
                                    in needs
                                     met in
                2009       2010       2010
Afghanistan    76.4%       65.0%    -11.4%
Chad           91.3%       60.0%    -31.3%
                73.0%
Central African Republic   44.6%    -28.4%
              63.8%        64.1%
Democratic Republic of Congo         0.3%
Kenya          84.4%       65.9%    -18.5%
Palestine/OPT 79.1%        52.0%    -27.1%
Somalia        65.6%       67.7%     2.1%
Sudan          70.3%       64.4%     -5.9%
Uganda         76.3%       48.2%    -28.1%
West Africa    64.3%       49.8%    -14.5%
Zimbabwe       63.2%       46.9%    -16.3%
FIGURE 15: HUMANITARIAN AID CONCENTRATION AMONG THE TOP 20 RECIPIENTS AND THE REST, 2000–2009
Source: Development Initiatives based on OECD DAC

                         1995          1996         1997        1998            1999      2000           2001

                          29.7%
         Top 3 recipients' share     31.8%            28.3%       22.5%          28.7%      26.6%         22.8%
                          44.5%
         Rest of top 20 share        42.5%            38.4%       41.2%          43.4%      41.6%         42.3%
                          25.7%
         All other recipients' share 25.7%            33.3%       36.3%          28.0%      31.7%         34.9%



                  2009                 31.2%                                   52.4%                          16.4%
                  2008                 30.3%                                50.4%                           19.2%
                  2007                   33.5%                                 46.8%                        19.6%
                  2006                   32.1%                                 50.4%                          17.5%
                  2005                 31.3%                                48.9%                           19.8%
                  2004                    35.3%                                42.7%                      22.1%
                  2003                    35.0%                                42.5%                      22.5%
                  2002               27.3%                          40.8%                             31.9%
                  2001             22.8%                         42.3%                              34.9%
                  2000               26.6%                          41.6%                             31.7%

                         0%        10%       20%     30%      40%        50%      60%    70%       80%        90%

                                Top 3 recipients' share       Rest of top 20 share       All other recipients' share
HE REST, 2000–2009


                   2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

                    27.3%    35.0%    35.3%    31.3%    32.1%    33.5%    30.3%    31.2%
                    40.8%    42.5%    42.7%    48.9%    50.4%    46.8%    50.4%    52.4%
                    31.9%    22.5%    22.1%    19.8%    17.5%    19.6%    19.2%    16.4%



         16.4%

        19.2%

        19.6%

         17.5%

       19.8%

      22.1%

      22.5%




        90%        100%

ecipients' share
FIGURE 16: SHARE OF FUNDING TO ALL UN APPEALS (BOTH CAP AND NON-CAP) FROM OECD DAC, NON OECD-DAC, PRIVATE
Note: 'Private' contributions include those from private sector corporations and foundations; private individuals/organisation

Donor type        2006          2007       2008        2009        2010
                                                                                                     9
OECD DAC donors     2.8           3.1        4.0         4.8         5.3
                    0.1
Other government donors           0.1        0.3         0.2         0.3                             8
Private             0.0           0.0        0.1         0.1         0.4
                                                                                                     7
Other               0.9           0.8        1.2         2.0         1.9
                                                                                                     6




                                                                                       US$ billion
                                                                                                     5

                                                                                                     4

                                                                                                     3

                                                                                                     2

                                                                                                     1

                                                                                                     0
                                                                                                         2006
AC, NON OECD-DAC, PRIVATE AND OTHER DONOR SOURCES
rivate individuals/organisations; the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC); UNICEF national committees; Friends of UNWRA; and UNHCR




                                                                 Other
                                                                 Private
                                                                 Other government donors
                                                                 OECD DAC donors




              2007         2008        2009         2010
es; Friends of UNWRA; and UNHCR UK. ‘Other’ includes contributions from Emergency Response Funds (ERF), the Central Emergency Resp
ERF), the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), Common Humanitarian Funds (CHF) and other pooled funds; NGOs; UN multilateral a
ed funds; NGOs; UN multilateral and other multilateral funds; other combined and undefined funds; and International Red Cross and Red
d International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Source: Development Initiatives based on OCHA FTS

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:12/7/2011
language:English
pages:54