There are many injuries and physical disorders
that represent life-threatening emergencies. What are the Risk Factors for Bloat?
There is only one condition so drastic that it How to tell if your Dog has Bloated
overshadows them all in terms of rapidity of Classically, this condition affects dog breeds that
consequences and effort in emergency treatment. are said to be deep-chested. The top 3 breeds at
This is the gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) – The dog may have an obviously distended
highest risk are 1) Great Dane (41.4% higher risk
the bloat. stomach especially near the ribs but this is not
than a mixed breed), 2) Saint Bernard, 3)
always evident depending on the dog's body
Weimaraner; the risk is so high in these breeds
BLOAT is a canine medical that prophylactic surgery is often recommended.
emergency ANY DOG CAN BLOAT AT ANY TIME
The biggest clue is the vomiting: even Dachshunds & Chihuahuas.
the pet appears highly nauseated and is
With BLOAT, the disease progresses in minutes retching but little is coming up.
or, at most, hours. The only treatment is Factors Increasing the Risk of Bloat
emergency medical attention. If you see this, rush your dog to the
Feeding only one meal a day
Exercise too soon after eating
What is BLOAT? Having closely related family members with a
history of bloat
Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) is also known Eating rapidly
as "bloat," "stomach torsion," or "twisted It is imperative that this condition be Being thin or underweight
stomach." Bloat is an extremely serious recognized EARLY! Moistening dry foods (particularly if citric acid is
condition, and should be considered a life- listed as a preservative)
threatening emergency when it occurs. There Signs of bloat include: Feeding from an elevated bowl
are no home remedies for bloat, therefore dog Restricting water before and after meals
owners must contact their veterinarians
excessive salivation/drooling of saliva Feeding a dry diet with animal fat listed in the
immediately if they suspect that their dog has first four ingredients
bloat. Dogs can die of bloat within several hours. frequent retching and attempts to Fearful or anxious temperament
Even with treatment, as many as 25-33% of vomit (occasionally victims may be able History of aggression towards people or other
dogs with GDV die. to regurgitate a pool of foamy saliva) dogs
anxiousness, restlessness, & pacing Male dogs are more likely to bloat than females
The gastric dilatation is one part of the condition
lethargy or agitation Older dogs (7 - 12 years) were the highest risk
and the volvulus or torsion is the second part. In group
bloat (dilatation), due to a number of different abdominal distension
and sometimes unknown reasons, the stomach rapid breathing/panting Factors Decreasing the Risk of Bloat
fills up with air and puts pressure on the other cold/pale mouth membranes
organs and diaphragm. The pressure on the
diaphragm makes it difficult for the dog to depression/shock/collapse Inclusion of canned dog food in the diet
breathe. The air-filled stomach also compresses Happy or easy-going temperament
large veins in the abdomen, thus preventing Feeding a dry food containing a calcium-rich
blood from returning to the heart. Filled with air, meat meal (such as meat/lamb meal, fish meal,
the stomach can easily rotate on itself, thus chicken by-product meal, meat meal, or bone
pinching off its blood supply. Once this rotation meal) listed in the first four ingredients of the
(volvulus) occurs and the blood supply is cut off, ingredient list.
the stomach begins to die and the entire blood Eating two or more meals per day
supply is disrupted and the animal's condition
begins to deteriorate very rapidly.
What to Do Our Most Sincere Thanks to
Transport to a veterinary hospital or emergency
facility immediately. In all cases, this condition
Dr Gonsky & West Loop Veterinary Care
815 West Randolph Street Chicago IL 60607
requires professional assistance. 312.421.2275 “The Mother of All Emergencies”
What NOT to Do
Dr Cruikshank & AETC
Do not attempt to relieve the gas from the Animal Emergency & Treatment Center BLOAT CAN KILL A DOG IN UNDER AN HOUR
stomach. 3927 West Belmont Ave. Chicago IL 60618
Do not give anything by mouth http://www.aetcenter.com
If you read no further than this, read just one
PLEASE SHARE THIS INFORMATION
more paragraph that may save your dog’s life.
Today the survival rate is better than 80%. Part WITH ANY DOG OWNER YOU KNOW, YOUR
of the reason for this is increased owner DOG SITTER, DOG WALKER & BOARDERS
If your regular vet doesn't have 24-hour
awareness. The earlier the veterinarian gets EMERGENCY SERVICE, know which nearby
started with treatment, the better chance there is DOG OWNER AWARENESS IS WHAT CAN
SAVE THE LIVES OF OUR FURRY FAMILY vet does! PROGRAM THIS # AND ADDRESS
for survival. Extremely aggressive medical and INTO YOUR PHONE NOW!
surgical intervention early in the course of the MEMBERS
disease has the most dramatic impact on overall
treatment success. Bloat is a life-threatening condition.
Please help promote GDV Awareness
by wearing an orange ribbon Without immediate medical care, the chance of
Although we have summarized information we survival is extremely low. If you own a large
found about possible symptoms, causes, deep-chested dog – or indeed any dog -- please
methods of prevention, and breeds at risk, we make sure that you have a good relationship
cannot attest to the accuracy. with your local veterinarian and that you are
familiar with the signs of this condition, so that if
CONSULT YOUR VETERINARIAN it happens to one of your dogs, you are
FOR MEDICAL INFORMATION prepared to deal with it immediately
Resources: In Loving Memory of MUFASA
http://www.veterinarypartner.com (search ‘GDV’) If you believe your dog is experiencing bloat,
http://www.peteducation.com get your dog to a veterinarian immediately!
TIME IS OF THE ESSENCE!
http://www.petwave.com Call your vet to alert them you're on your way
http://www.addl.purdue.edu/newsletters/2005/Su with a suspected bloat case.
A WEST LOOP CHOW 11/24/04-10/12/10