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Pyuthan Samachar - 8

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Pyuthan Samachar - 8 Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                 -Ko"7fg lhNnfaf6 k|sflzt klxnf] ;dfrf/d"ns klqsf_
    xfdL ;j}sf] Pp6} /f]hfO{                                                                                                                                          cfxf ! oxf“ kf] kfO{bf] /x]5
            xfdL sxfF ljleGg l8hfOgsf cfsif{s                                                                                                                                  cfw'lgs l8hfO{gsf /]l8d]6 tyf c8{/
                                   '
 ;'gsf u/uxgfx? vl/b ljlqm ug{sf ;fy} c8{/                                                                                                                            cg';f/sf cfw'lgs d]l;gaf6 tof/ ul/Psf
 adf]lhddf Uof/]G6Lsf ;fy tof/ ul/G5 .                                                                                                                                cfsif{s ;'g rf“bLsf u/ uxgfx? sDKo"6/
    – ;fy} sKo"6/ k|ljlwaf6 gfktf}n ul/G5 .                                                                                                                           d]l;g -PSo"/]6 :s]n_ af6 tf}n u/L Uofl/G6Lsf
       – k'/fgf uxgfaf6 gofF uxgf ;fl6G5 .                                                                                                                            ;fy rflxPdf xfldnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
                                                                                                                                                                           k'/fgf uxgf;“u gof“ uxgf ;f6\g' k/]df
          Ps gDj/ ;'g g} xfd|f] ljz]iftf                                                                                                                                          Ps dfq ljZjfl;nf] k;n
                   k|f=] ldg/fh kGyL                                                                                                                                                  k|f=] ljho uxt/fh
 dxfnIdL                   ;'g rf“bL k;n                                                                                                                              Go" dxfnIdL kfNkfnL ;' g rf“ b L k;n
                wdf{jtL–! jfUb'nf, Ko"7fg
                 df]=g+= M (*$&*@)&^$                                            /fli6«o ;fKtflxs                                                                                         jfUb'nf, Ko"7fg
                                                                                                                                                                              df]=g+= M (*$$()(@#^÷(*$&%)@%$@

        jif{ !!, c+s *, @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @! ut] a'wjf/                                             (Pyuthan Samachar National Weekly 7 Dec. 2011)                                        k[i7 M *           d"No M %
 ljjfb, cfnf]rgf / k|z;fsf aLr k|wfgdlGqsf] ;o lbg k'/f
                      +                                                                                                                        ]
                                                                                                                                          s/f“tsf] pkfwL Ko"7fgnfO{
  ;+ljwfg agfpg sfo{ tflnsf jGof]
          sf7df08f} ÷ k| w fgdGqL 8f=
afa'/fd e§/fO{sf] sfo{sfn ;'? ePsf]
                                             dGqLnfO{ cfddfkmL lbg] lg0f{ o /
                                             l;kmfl/; x'b} ljKkf ;Demf}tfsf sf/0f
                                                                                             gofF sfo{ t flnsf kfl/t
                                                                                                         d+ u njf/ a;] s f] ;+ l jwfg
                                                                                                                                                   Ko" 7 fg÷ 7 fg lhNnfdf
                                                                                                                                                         fg÷Ko"
                                                                                                                                         klxnf] k6s cfof]hgf ul/Psf] k|yd /flKt
                                                                                                                                         c~rn :tl/o v'Nnf s/fFt] k|ltof]lutfsf]
                                                                                                                                         pkflw Ko"7fgn] xft kf/]sf] 5 . ;f]djf/
                                                                                                                                         ;DkGg b' O { lbg] k| l tof] l utfdf l6d
                                                                                                                                                                                      j6f sfZo / @@ j6f tfd| d]8n k|bfg
                                                                                                                                                                                      ul/Psf] 5 .
                                                                                                                                                                                                 /fKtL c+ r nsf ljleGg
                                                                                                                                                                                      lhNnfaf6 $ l6dsf] k| l tof] l utfdf
                                                                                                                                                                                      ;xefuLtf /x]sf] lyof] . g]kfn ;f]tf]sfg
                                                                                                                                         RoflDkog k|yd Ko"7fg, bf];|f] bfË / t];|f]   s/fFt] ;+3 Ko"7fgn] cfof]hgf u/]sf]
d+unjf/ Ps ;o lbg k"/f ePsf] 5 .             cfkm\g} kf6L{ leqsf] a}B ;d"xsf] ;d]t           ;efsf] a}7sn] ^ dlxgfleq ;+ljwfg            /f]Nkf ePsf] 5 .                             k|ltof]lutfdf !^ hgf :j0f{, !^ hgf
ljjfb, cfnf] r gf / k| z + ; fsf aLr         k|wfgdGqLn] lj/f]w ;xg'k/]sf] lyof] .           lgdf{0f ul/;Sg] sfo{tflnsf kfl/t u/]sf]               To;}u/L k'?iftkm{ $) s]=hL         sfZo / #@ hgf tfd|kqsf u/L ^$
k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{sf] Ps ;o lbg k"/f                      t/ k| w fgdGqL e§/fO{ s f]           5 . sfo{ Joj:yf k/fdz{ ;ldltsf] a}7sn]      ;d'xdf k|yd 8]s]z dfgGw/, $% s]=hL           hgf ;xefuL lyP . …lehg @)÷@)
ePsf] a'låhLlj Pj+ gful/s ;dfhsf             sfo{sfn hgtfsf] nflu tTsfn /fxt                 o;sf] d:of}bfdf ;xdlt h'6fPkl5 @)^%         ;d'xdf k|yd /f]lxt /fO{, ^% s]=hL            /fli6«o uf}/j tyf :jf:Yo gful/ssf
cu'jfx?n] atfPsf 5g\ .                       sfo{qmd, åGåsfndf sAhf gLlh tyf                 d+l;/ ! ut] kfl/t u/]/ !! k6s ;+zf]wg       ;d'xdf k|yd lbjz >]i7, dlxnftkm{             nflu v]ns'bÚ eGg] gf/f ;lxt ;rflnt
          k|wfgdGqL ePnuQ} g]kfnL            ;fj{hlgs ;DklQ lkmtf{, dfcf]jfbL n8fs'          ePsf] k"/fgf] sfo{tflnsfnfO{ vf/]h u/]sf]   %) s]=hL ;d'xdf k|yd /]0f'sf kf08] ePsf      k|ltof]lutf sflnsf ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfn
>d / ;Lkaf6 ag]sf] d':tfª uf8L r9]/          ;dfof]hg k|lqmofsf] ;'?jft tyf ef/t             5 . ;+ l jwfg;efsf] ] { a} 7 s km] l /      5g\ . k|ltof]lutfdf !! j6f :j0f{, !!
;'? ePsf] e§/fO{sf] sfo{sfn laleGg           / g]kfnaLr ePsf laleGg ;Demf}tfsf               clglZrtsfnsf nflu :ylut ePsf] 5 .                                                                           af“sL & k]hdf ====
dGqfnosf ;lrjx?sf] ;?jf, ;/sf/df             sf/0f ;o lbg pknlAwd"ns ePsf]                               o;cl3 ;+ljwfg;ef ljjfb
;xefuL dGqLx?sf] ljjfbf:kb
cleAolSt, xTofsf] cf/f] k nfu] s f
                                             k|wfgdGqLsf /fhgLlts ;Nnfxsf/ b]jGb|
                                             kf}8]nn] atfpg'eof] .
                                                                                   ]         ;dfwfg pk;ldltsf] z'qmaf/sf] a}7sn]
                                                                                             cfufdL h]7 * b]lv !$ leq ;+ljwfg hf/L
                                                                                                                                         slxn] kfp“l5g t u+ufn] Gofo <                ;f? l;+hfnLnfO{ l/8L– ?b|j]0fL ;8s
                                                                                             ug]{ u/L t]xab] sfo{tflnsf k|:tfj u/]sf]
                                                                                                          | F'                           ;Ltf e08f/L -Ko' ; ;_
                     “ +
;Dkfbs ef/tL lbNnL x'b} a}°s hfg]                                                            lyof] . ;+;bn] ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb 5 dlxgf
                                                                                             yk]kl5 ;f]xL ;doleq ;+ljwfg hf/L ug]{
                                                                                             u/L sfo{tflnsf k|:tfj ul/Psf] lyof] .
                                                                                                                                                    u'NdL÷dlxnf lx+;f lj?4sf]
                                                                                                                                         !^ lbg] cleofgsf ljleGg cf}krfl/s
                                                                                                                                         sfo{qmd rln/x]sf] a]nf !$ jif{cl3 Ps
                                                                                                                                                                                      v08sf] ;fFu/] le/af6 vf]nfdf kmfnL km/f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                  '
                                                                                                                                                                                      ePsf] elgPsf :yflgo lzIfs e]ifaxfb'/
                                                                                                                                                                                      /fgf l;+hfnL xfn;Dd km/f/ 5g\ .
           Ko" 7 fg       -Ko" ; ;_÷ o;          }
                                             hfFb5 . ;fd'bflos
                                                                                                                                         dlxnfnfO{ ue{wf/0f u/fO{ sflnu08sLdf                     )^# ;fn c;f/ @( ut]
;fKtflxssf k|wfg ;Dkfbs tyf /]l8of]          /]l8of]x?sf] ;+rfng,                                        sfo{tflnsf cg';f/ /fHo k'gM
Ko"7fgsf :6]zg Dofg]h/ Odfgl;+x ef/tL        gofF         k| l jlw,                          ;+/rgf;Fu ;DalGwt ljifoafx]s cGo            kmfn]sf] cleof]u nfu]sf u'NdLsf Ps           lhNnf cbfnt u'NdLn] ;j{:j ;lxt
ef/tsf] lbNnL x'Fb} yfONof08sf] a}Ís         jftfj/0f,                                       ljjfbdf ljjfb ;dfwfg pk;ldltn]              lzIfssf] d' 2 f eg] oxF f sf                 hGds}bsf] k}m;nf u/]klg l;+hfnLnfO{
      ' ''
hfb}xgxG5 . blIf0f Pl;of ;fd'bflos /]l8of]   :jod;]js                                        cfufdL k'if !% ut]leq ;xdlt sfod            clwsf/sdL{x?n] p7fpg ;s]sf 5}gg\ .             |
                                                                                                                                                                                      k+x/Ln] vf]hL u/]sf] 5}g eg] oxFfsf dlxnf
k|;f/s ;+3sf] ;dGjodf ljZj ;fd'bflos         kl/rfng,                                        ul/;Sg] / pk;ldltn] lbPsf]                             )%% ;fn df3df $ dlxgfsf]          clwsf/sdL{ ;d]t df}g /x]sf 5g\ . lkl8t
/]l8of] k|;f/s ;+3n] cfof]hgf u/]sf]         ;d' b fodf /] l 8of]                            k|ltj]bgdfly ;+j}wflgs ;ldltn] k'if @)      ue{ ;lxt 8]9 jlif{o aflnsf lk7\o"df          dlxnfsf cg';f/ pgL g]kfnleq} 5g\ .
sfo{qmddf ;xefuL x'g cfpFbf] z'qmjf/         :yflkt, n} + l us                               ut];Dd 5nkmn u/L lg0f{o ul/g]5 .            af]ls/x]sL lnD3f–*, PlS;Ë ufpFsL u+uf                            af“sL * k]hdf ====
To;tkm{ k|:yfg ug]{ sfo{qmd /x]sf] 5 .       z;lQms/0f nufotsf ljifodf                       To;}u/L ;+j}wflgs ;ldltdf s'g] klg
           ;fd' b flos /] l 8of] k| ; f/s
                                     [
;+3sf cWoIf dLg axfb'/ zflxsf] g]tTjdf
                                             sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] cfof]hsn]
                                             hgfPsf] 5 . ;fy} 6f]nLn] a}Ísdf /x]sf
                                                                                             ljifodf ;xdlt x'g g;s]df pQm ljifo
                                                                                             ;+ljwfg;efdf k]; u/L ;+ljwfg;ef
                                                                                                                                            cfsif{s 3/ ;hfj6sf nflu
g]kfnsf ;fd'bflos /]l8of]x?sf] tkm{af6       ;fd'bflos /]l8of]x?sf] cjnf]sg tyf              lgodfjnLsf] k|lqmofaf6 cfufdL k'if @)–            /+u/f]ugn] 3/ ;'Gb/ agfpg] tkfO{sf] ;kgf k'/f
!% ;b:oLo Ps 6f]nL lbNnL x'b a}ÍsF           ;+rfng k|lqmofjf/] hfgsf/L lng]5 .                                 af“sL & k]hdf ====       u5{ j:g]t c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{ ljh'jf/ Ko"7fgn] .
 lx+;f kLl8tsf nflu cNksfnLg cf>o:yn                                                                                                      xfdLsxf“ Ogfd]n, job/ uf8{, r'gf, k]G6, 8f]/ cfO6d, kbf{, sf“6L, sJhf, olt
                                                                                                                                          sfk]{6, Knfli6s sfk]{6, lsrg tyf afy?dsf nflu cfjZos ;Dk'0f{ ;fdu|Lx?
                                                                                                                                          v'b|f tyf xf]n;]n ljlqm ul/G5 . ;fy} cTofw'lgs d]lzgjf6 sn/ jgfOG5 .
 PnaL yfkf -Ko" ; ;_                         ;/sf/L u}/ ;/sf/L ;+3 ;+:yf / ;/f]sf/           lbOPsf] 5 . ufpF:t/df tTsfnnfO{
             Ko"7fg÷lhNNffdf lbgx'Fh;f]      /fVg] sfof{nosf] cfly{s ;xof]udf lx+;f          cf>o:yn agfpg g;lsg] ePklg
 x'g] 3/]n' lx+;faf6 kLl8t dlxnfx?sf         kLl8t dlxnfsf nflu c:yfoL cf>o                  ;b/d' s fddf :yfkgf u/LPsf]
                                                                                                                                          g]kfn zfnLdf/ k]G6\;sf] Ko"7fg :yLt cflwsf/Ls ljqm]tf
 nflu lhNnf ;b/d' s fd vn+ u fdf             :yn agfpg lqmoflzn ;ldlt ;d]t                   cf>o:ynn] lhNnfdf ph'/L lbg cfpg],                                       k| f ] M nf] s jxfb' / j:g] t
 cNksfnLg cf>o :yn agfOPsf] 5 .              u7g u/Lg'kg]{df ljleGg sfo{qmddf                3/ lgsfnf eP/ tTsfn a:gsf nflu                                        j:g]t c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{
 ufpF 3/df 3/]n' lx+;faf6 kLl8t eO{          ;xefuLx?n] atfPsf 5g\ .                         ;d:of ePsf, nfdf] ;dob]lv lx+;faf6                          ljh'jf/ -sflnsf rnlrq ejgsf] cuf8L_, Ko"7fg
 Gofo vf] H g ;b/d' s fd cfpg]                          ufpF–ufpFdf ;+rfng u/LPsf]           kLl8t eP/ klg ufpFd} lx+;f ;xg u/L                  ;Dks{ M )*^–$^)$^&, df]jfOn M (*%&*#!!(%÷(*$&(^!^%@
 dlxnfx?sf nflu vfg / a:g ;d:of              cleofgsf ;xefuLx?n] ufpF : t/Lo                 al;/x]sf dlxnfx?nfO{ ;'ljwf k'Ug]
 kg]{ ePsfn] cNksfnLg cf>o :yn
 agfOPsf] dlxnf tyf jfnjflnsf
                                             cf>o :yn agfpg :yfgLonfO{ 3/ tyf
                                             hUuf ;xof] u ug{ vf] h Llbg cfu| x
                                                                                             dxLnf tyf jfnjfnLsf clws[t nf]sGb|f
                                                                                             cfrfo{ n ] atfpg' e of] . ;/sf/n]                                   Ps gh/ Ptf=====
 sfof{no Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 .                ug'kg]{df ;d]t hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 . o:t}            utjif{b]lv dlxnf lx+;fla?4 agfPsf]                    cfw'lgs l8hfO{gsf /]l8d]6 tyf c8{/ cg';f/sf cfw'lgs
             dlxnf lx+;f la?4 !^ lbg]        o;sf nflu lhNNff ljsf; ;ldlt, lhNnf             sfo{of]hgf cg'?k lhNnfdf klg ;f]xL           d]l;gaf6 tof/ ul/Psf cfsif{s ;'g rf“bLsf u/ uxgfx? sDKo"6/
 cleofg rln/x] s f] a] n f ljleGg            k|zf;g sfof{no, uflj;, o'PgPkmlkPnfO{                                  '
                                                                                             cg'?k sfd e}/x]sf] k|dv lhNnf clwsf/L                         ]
                                                                                                                                          d]l;g -PSo"/6 :s]n_ af6 tf}n u/L Uofl/G6Lsf ;fy rflxPdf xfldnfO{
 sfo{ q mddf ;xefuL ;/f] s f/jfnf            c:yfoL cf>o:yn agfpg cfly{ s                    n's axfb'/ If]qLn] atfpg'eof] .
 lgsfox?n] eg] lhNnffdf 3/]n' lx+;fsf        ;xof]u ug{ cg'/f]w ug{] atfPsf 5g\ .                                                         ;Demg'xf];\ .                      u/
 36gf a9\b} uPsfn] tTsfnnfO{ 3/              cf>o :yn agfpgsf nflu :yfgLo
                                                                                                        lx+ ; fnfO{ Go" l gs/0f ug{ ,
                                                                                                                                                                       s  nL <
                                                                                             lx+;fla?4 hgr]tgf hufpg / kLl8t                                       gS g                 k|f=] ljho uxt/fh
 ef8fdf lnP/} ePklg c:yfoL cf>o              u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf dlxnf ;xof]u d~r /              dlxnfO{ ;xof] u ug] { ;+ 3 ;+ : yf /                             \ x}, ' xfnf l
                                                                                                                                                                        ]
 :yn agfpg'kg]{df hf]8 lbPsf 5g\ .           n}lËs lx+;fla?4 lhNnf :t/Lo ;d'x,               AolQmnfO{ x/]s jif{ k'/:s[t ug]{df ;d]t                  'g 'xf]; ug         Go" dxfnIdL kfNkfnL ;' g rf“ b L k;n
                                                                                                                                                 fg x 7l
 lx+;f kLl8tsf nflu a]Un} 3/ agfpg'kg]{
 ePklg xfnnfO{ lhNnfdf sfo{ / t
                                             dxLnf tyf afnjflnsf sfof{ n on]                 hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 . lhNnfdf dlxnf                   fjw xgfaf6
                                                                                                                                             ; u                                             ljh'jf/–^, Ko"7fg
                                             k| e fjsf/L e' d Lsf v] N g' k g] { d f hf] 8                      af“sL & k]hdf ====                                              df]=g+= M (*$&(*)#*%÷(&$*%!(!^(




      æ3/ 3/df rkL{ lhNnfsf] zfg, k"0f{ ;/;kmfO{ o'Qm Ko"7fg xfd|f] klxrfgÆ æ;g\ @)!#, ;/;kmfO{ k"0f{ Ko"7fg x]/Æ
 Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                              @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @! ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                         @
                       ;Dkfbs÷k|sfzs                                                                                     b[ l i6sf] 0 f
    sfo{ s f/L ;Dkfbs
         ljho l;+x ef/tL
      k| d ' v ;Djfbbftf
                        Odfgl;+x ef/tL
                                              ;Nnfxsf/
                                            l6sf/fd zdf{ l/hfn
                                                                           {
                                                                       ;jf]Rr cbfntsf] km};nf tyf
                                             nf]s axfb'/ a:g]t
              ;'hn >]i7
          Joj:yfks
             s]z/ /f]sf
                                           sfg" g L ;Nnfxsf/
                                            /d]z k|;fb /fhe08f/L
                                                                       ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0fsf] ;d:of
                        k| w fg sfof{ n o
                                                                                     ;jf] { R r          cbfntsf]        hfg], t/ ;+ljwfg klg gagfpg], df                            df] x gljqmd l;+ x
                                                                       ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb ^ dlxgfeGbf a9L                                              {
                                                                                                                         lgoGq0f cfjZos lyof] . ;jf]Rr cbfntsf]
                        vn+uf–%, Ko'7fg                                a9fpg gkfpg] km};nfn] jt{dfg /fhgLlts             km};nfsf] P]ltxfl;s dxTj of] s'/fdf 5                                                 {
                                                                                                                                                                       lyof] . To; k|sf/sf] k[i7e"lddf ;jf]Rrsf]
               kmf]g÷km\ofS; M )*^–$@))((÷$@)))@                       ;Gbe{df cToGt 7"nf] ;sf/fTds dxTj                 ls cGo s'g} kIfn] To; k|sf/sf] e"ldsf         km};nfn] b]znfO{ To; k|sf/sf] lbzfdf
              O{d]n M pyuthansamachar@yahoo.com                        /fVb5 . Tof] km};nfnfO{ Joj:yflksfsf]             v]Ng g;s]sf] cj:yfdf To;n] -;jf]{Rrn]_        hfg'af6 /f]Sg ;sf/fTds cfwf/ k|bfg u/]sf]
                              d' b | 0 f                               clwsf/ jf zlQmsf] k[ y lSss/0fsf]                 Tof] lhDd]jf/L k"/f u/]sf] 5 .                5 . Tof] cj:yfdf b]zsf /fhgLlts
                                                                       k|hftflGqs l;4fGtsf] cltqmd0f klg eGg]                          o; ;Gbe{df s6'jfn k|s/0fdf      zlQmx?n] Joj:yflksf dfly x:tIf]k jf
        ef/tL 5fkfvfgf tyf :6]zg/L pBf]u vn+uf, Ko"7fg                 ul/Psf] 5 . ;fdfGo k|sf/n] x]bf{ Tof] ;f]rfO{
                                                                                                                 +       /fi6« k ltsf] sbdsf] rrf{ ug' { zfob          zlQm k[ylss/0fsf] h:tf] s'/f p7fP/
           kmf]g M )*^–$@))((÷(*$&*@))((÷(*$&*#*%(#                    ;xL h:tf] klg b]lvG5 . t/ rLh dfly                ck|f;f+lus x'g] 5}g . tfTsflns k|wfgdGqL            {
                                                                                                                                                                       ;jf]Rrsf] km};nf af/] ljjfb p7fpg'eGbf,
                        sDKo"6/ n]–cfp6                                ;du|?kn] jf ;DalGwt ;a} tYox?dfly                 k| r 08n] s6' j fnnfO{ ;] g fklt kbaf6        Tof] km};nfsf] cfb/ ub}{ ^ dlxgf leq
                                                                       ljrf/ ubf{ xfd|f cufl8 a]Un} k|sf/sf]             j/vf:t ubf{ pgn] -/fi6« k ltn] _ Tof]         ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0fdf k"/f zlQm nufP/ sfd
             n]sfnL sDKo"6;{ P08 df]jfO{N;                             lgisif{ cufl8 cfp"5 . dfly pNn]v ul/Psf           cfb]zsf] sfof{Gjogdf /f]s nufPsf lyP          ug'{ g} ;a}eGbf ;xL s'/f x'g5 .  ]
          kmf]g M )*^–$@))$)÷(*$&*@)#@)÷(*$&*@)(((                     b'j} k|sf/sf ljrf/x?, cyf{t\ ;jf]Rrsf]  {         . Tof] a]nf xfdLn] of] ljrf/ k|s6 u/]sf                      ;jf] { R rn] Joj:yflksf af/]
                                                                       km};nfåf/f Joj:yflksf dfly x:tIf]k jf             lyof}+ M /fi6«kltsf] Tof] sbd ;+j}wflgs       km};nf lbg] u/]sf] of] klxnf]kN6 xf]Og .
hLjg lgtfGt 5f]6f] 5 / xfdL jt{dfgdf afFRg l;Sg' k5{ – cp8«L nf]8{     zlQmsf] k[ y lSss/0fsf] l;4fGtsf]                 ?kn] slt ;xL 5 jf unt < Tof]                  sltkokN6 ;/sf/n] ;+;bnfO{ lj36g ubf{
                                                                       cltqmd0fsf cfnf]rgfx? ;fdfGo cj:yfdf              ;+ l jwfgljb\ x ?n] atfpg] jf ;jf] { R r      klg ;jf]{Rrn] s'g} a]nf To; k|sf/sf]
                                                                       ;xL x'g ;Sb5g\ . t/ sltko a]nf o:tf]              cbfntn] km};nf ug]{ s'/f lyof] . t/           lg0f{onfO{ cg'df]bg ug]{ u/]sf] 5 / s'g}

 ;DkfbsLo                                    ===========
                                                                       cj:yf pTkGg x'G5, ha /fhgLlts kIf
                                                                       k|wfg x'g hfG5 / cGo kIfx? uf}0f aGg
                                                                       hfG5g\ . clxn] ;+ljwfg;efåf/f ;+ljwfgsf]
                                                                       lgdf{0fsf] ;Gbe{df h'g k|sf/sf] cGof}n /
                                                                                                                         /fhgLlts ?kn] Tof] sbd ;xL /
                                                                                                                         :jfutof]Uo lyof] . pgn] To; k|sf/sf]
                                                                                                                         sbd gp7fPsf] eP To;sf s}of}+ uDeL/
                                                                                                                         b'ikl/0ffdx? x'g ;Sby] . xfdLn] cfkm\gf
                                                                                                                                                                       a]nf c:jLsf/ . kfls:tfgdf ;+ljwfg;efn]
                                                                                                                                                                       nfdf] ;do;Dd ;+ljwfg agfpg g;Sbf
                                                                                                                                                                       ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] ;+ljwfg;efnfO{ lj36g
                                                                                                                                                                       u/]/ k'gM To;sf] r'gfjsf nflu cfb]z

hgr]tgf + u|fld0fo'uIf]ljsf; qmdsf] k'¥ofcf}+f]
  PSsfO;f} ztfAbLsf] ,
                        q ;Dd 5nfË df/]s                               clgZrotfsf] cj:yf pTkGg ePsf] 5,
                                                                       Tof] cj:yfdf ;+ j } w flgs kIfeGbf
                                                                       /fhgLlts kIf a9L dxTjk"0f{ / lg0f{ofTds
                                                                                                                         n]vx?df To;af/] Tof] a]nf g} lj:t[t
                                                                                                                         ?kn] k|sfz xfln;s]sf 5f}+ . To;sf/0f
                                                                                                                         oxf" xfdL To;af/] a9L rrf{ ug]{kl§
                                                                                                                                                                       lbPsf] / bf];|f] kN6 ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj
                                                                                                                                                                       ePsf] pbfx/0f klg xfd|f cufl8 5 .
                                                                                                                                                                       g] k fnsf] ;Gbe{ d ftf ;jf] { R rn]
                                                                       s' / f aGg uPsf] 5 . Tof] cj:yfdf                 nfUbgf}+ . k|sf/fGt/n] sl/a sl/a ToxL         ;+ljwfg;efnfO{ lj36g ug]{ km};nf u/]sf]
                                                                       Joj:yflksf dfly x:tIf] k / zlQm                   s'/f ;jf]{Rrsf] km};nfaf/] klg ;To xf] .      5}g . t/ To;sf nflu kof{Kt ;do klg
o'u eg]/ hlt rrf{ ul//x] klg xfld cem} klg n}l+ us lx+;f               k[ylSs/0fsf] l;4fGt h:tf s'/fx? p7fP/             ;+j}wflgs ?kn] ;jf]{Rrsf] km};nf slt          lbPsf] 5 . k|d'v /fhgLlts zlQmx?n]
lj?4sf] cleofgdf xft]dfnf] ug{ afWo 5f}+ . jif{df Ps k6s               ;jf]Rrsf] km};nfsf] lj/f]w ug]{ sfo{n] clxn]sf]
                                                                            {                                            ;xL 5 jf unt < Tof] s'/f ;+ljwfg              lhDd]jf/Lk"j{s sfd ug]{ xf] eg] Tof]
                                                                       /fhgLlts cj:yfl;t d]n vfGg .                      ljb\x?n] g} atfpg ;Sg] s'/f xf] . t/          cjlwleq ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0f x'g ;Sg]
x'g] lx+;f lj?4sf] !^ lbg] cleofg st} zx/ s]lGb|t t                                  ;+ l jwfg;efåf/f ;+ l jwfgsf]       To;dfly ljz'4 ;+j}wflgs ?kn] dfq              5 . To; ;Gbe{df ;+j}wflgs ;ldltn] ^
                                                                       lgdf{0fsf nflu b'O{ jif{sf] cjlw lglZrt           ljrf/ u/]/ k'Ub}g . clxn] b]zdf k}bf          dlxgfleq ;+ljwfg agfpg] sfo{tflns
e}/x]sf] 5}g\ o; tkm{ Wofg lbg] ls .                                   ul/Psf] lyof] . Tof] cjlwdf ;+ljwfg               ePsf] /fhgLlts cj:yfdf, cyf{ t \              agfP/ ;+ljwfg;efdf k]z u/]sf] 5 /
         ut jif{ …dlxnf lx+;f lj?4sf] !^ lbg] cleofgÚ gfd              ag]g / af/Daf/ To;sf] nflu, ;+ljwfgsf]            ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0fsf] k|Zgaf/] b]vfk/]sf]     cfh} Tof] sfo{tflnsf ;+ljwfg;efåf/f
                                                                       lgdf{0fsf, nflu cjlw a9fpg] sfd ul/of]            cGof}n / clgZrotfsf] cj:yfdf To;af/]          kfl/t eO;s]sf] 5 . of] v';Lsf] s'/f xf]
lbOPsf] of] cleofgnfO{ o; k6s …n}l+ us lx+;f lj?4Úsf]                  . k| T o] s kN6 cjlw a9fp" b f ylkPsf]            vfln ;+j}wflgs ?kn] dfq ljrf/ ug'{
                                                                                                                         sxf";Dd ;xL x'GYof] < ;+j}wflgs kIfdfly
                                                                                                                                                                       ls ;+j}wflgs ;ldlt / ;+ljwfg;efn] ^
                                                                       cjlwdf ;+ l jwfgsf] lgdf{ 0 f k" / f x' g ]                                                     dlxgfleq ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0fsf nflu
cleofg gfdfs/0f ul/Psf] 5 . dlxnf, hflto, ln+u, ju{,                   cfZjf;g lbg] ul/of] . t/ ylkPsf] cjlw             dfq cndlnbf b]zsf] ;Dk"0f{ /fhgLlts           dxTjk"0f{ kxn u/]sf 5g\ . t/ klxn]sf
                                                                       ;Qfsf] k|lt:kwf{df g} ljT5 / ;+ljwfgsf]           kl/l:yltn] 3fts lbzf / ?k ln+b} uP            s}of}+ lg0f{o jf k|ltj4tfx?sf] sfof{Gjog
afnaflnsf nufot h'g;'s} jfxfgfdf x'g] lx+;f lj?4 cleofg                lgdf{0f x'"b}g . clg k'gM ;+ljwfg;efsf]           Tof] cj:o klg ;xL x'"b}GYof] . To:tf] l:ylt   x'g] u/]sf] 5}g . Tof] s'/fdfly Wofg lb+b}
u|fld0f If]q ;Dd n}hfg' kg{] cfjZostf cem} b]lvPsf] 5 .                Dofb ylkG5 . k|d'v /fhgLlts zlQmx?sf              k}bf x'g glbg ;jf]{Rrsf] km};nfdfly           clxn] ;+ljwfg;efn] ^ dlxgfleq ;+ljwfg
                                                                       aLrdf ;Qfsf nflu tLa| ljjfb rn]klg                ljz'4 ;+j}wflgs b[li6n]eGbf /fhgLlts          hf/L ug]{ :jfutof]Uo lg0f{o u/] klg
h:tf] ;'s} jfxfgfdf ;fj{hgLs :yn xf];\ jf gLlh If]q                    ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb yKg] af/]df pgLx?sf            b[li6n] ljrf/ ug'{ cfjZos x'g uPsf] 5         klxn]sf] h:tf] Oltxf; gbf]xf]l/of];\ . To;sf
                                                                       aLrdf ;xdlt sfod x'G5 . To;kl5                    . h' g kIf jf JolQmx?n] ;+ j } w flgs         nflu Jofks hgbjfjsf] l;h{gf ug{ klg
pgLx?dfly x'g] dfgl;s, zfl//Ls tyf ;fdflhs k|lti7fdf                   pgLx? ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0fsf] lhDd]jf/L             cfwf/df ;jf] { R rsf] km} ; nfsf] lj/f] w     cfd hgtf lqmofzLn x'g'kb{5 .
cfFr cfpg] lx+;fx? u|fld0f If]qdf k|;:t} eP klg lt aflx/               k"/f ug{ nfUb}gg\ . t/ pgLx?sf aLrdf              ul//x]sf 5g\, pgLx?n] Tof] k|Zgl;t                                               {
                                                                                                                                                                                      xfdLn] cfzf ug'kb{5, ylkPsf]
                                                                       k'gM ;Qfsf] emu8f ;'? x'G5 . of] k|lqmof          hf]l8Psf] /fhgLlts kIf, ;+ljwfg;ef /          ^ dlxgfleq ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0f x'g]5 .
phfFu/ x'g ;ls/x]sf 5}g\ . To;df klg cfkm\g} glhssf                    slxn];Dd rNb} hfg] xf] < To;sf] s'g}              k|d'v /fhgLlts zlQmx?sf] sfo{k|0ffnLdf
                                                                                                                         b]vfk/]sf] c;+ultsf] kl/0ffd:j?k b]zsf]
                                                                                                                                                                       Tof] cjlwleq ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0f x'g g;s]
                                                                       ;Ldf 5}g . To; k|sf/sf] clgolGqt,                                                                                 {
                                                                                                                                                                       s] ug]{ < ;jf]Rrn] To;sf nflu @ j6f
JolQmaf6 x'g] o:tf vfnsf lx+;fx? cem al9 g} bljP/ /xg]                 u}/lhDd]jf/ / xf:of:kb v]ndf s'g} g               ;Dk"0f{ kl/l:ylt / eljiodf ;d]t To;af/]       ljsNk cufl8 ;f/]sf] 5 M csf]{ r'gfj jf
                                                                       s'g} ljGb'df lgoGq0f cfjZos lyof] .               ;Defljt b'ikl/0ffdx?af/] a'l4dtf jf                        |
                                                                                                                                                                       hgdt ;+ux . tL dWo] s'g ljsNk ;xL
jfWotf /x]sf] 5 . k|yd tM s'g cj:yfdf lx+;f ePsf] x'G5,                ;a}eGbf /fd|f] s'/f tf :jo+ ;+ljwfg;efn]                      {
                                                                                                                         b'/bzL{tfk"js ljrf/ ug{ ;ls/x]sf 5}gg\ .          ]
                                                                                                                                                                       x'g5 < olb ^ dlxgfleq ;+ljwfg aGg
To;sf] pkrf/ sxfF x'G5 eGg] af/]df hfgsf/L gx'bfF o:tf                 To; k|sf/sf] cj:yfdf lgoGq0f ug'{ g}                            clxn]sf] ;+ljwfg;ef / k|dv  '   ;s]g eg] ca ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb yKg]kl§
                                                                       x'GYof] . t/ k|d'v /fhgLlts zlQmx?sf]                                         |
                                                                                                                         /fhgLlts zlQmx?sf] sfo{k0ffnLdfly ljrf/       gnfu]/ tL b'O{ ljsNk dWo] s'g ljsNk
36gfx? cem} al9 bljP/ /xg] u/]sf 5g\ . 36gf e};s]kl5                   u}/lhDd]jf/ e"ldsfsf sf/0fn] To;f] x'g            ubf{ ;+ljwfg slxn] aGg] xf] jf slxNo} klg     /f] H g] Tof] a] n fsf] kl/l:ylt cg' ; f/
                                                                       ;s] g . Tof] cj:yfdf /fhgLlts                     aGg] xf]Og < eGg d'lZsn kb{5 . k|Zg                                                {
                                                                                                                                                                       ;+ljwfg;efn] lg0f{o ug'{ kg]5 . t/ xfd|f]
Tof] 36gf phfu/ x'g glbgsf nflu c? cg]sf}+ lx+;fx?                     zlQmx?sf] To; k|sf/sf] e"ldsfsf] lj?4,            vfln of] dfq xf]Og, slxNo} ;+ljwfg aGg]       hf]8 of] s'/fdf 5 / ;Dk"0f{ hgtfn] o;sf
ylkb} hfg] k|al[ Q b]lvG5 . pgLx?nfO{ o;af/]df hfgsf/L                 b]zJofkL / zlQmzfnL hgbjfjsf] l;h{gf              5 jf 5}g < t/ Tof] sfo{ l9nf] / clglZrt                           {
                                                                                                                                                                       nflu k|oTg ug'kb{5 ls To; k|sf/sf] s'g}
                                                                       x'g ;s] Tof] ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg x'g ;SbYof]          aGb} hfG5 eg] klg To;sf s}of}+ uDeL/          ljsNk /f]Hg] ;do g} gcfj;\ / ^ dlxgfleq
dfq lbg ;Sg] xf] eg] em08} cfwf lx+;fsf 36gfx? Go'lgs/0f               . t/ Tof] klg x'g ;s]g . Tof] cj:yfdf             /fhgLlts b'ikl/0ffdx? x'g ;Sg]5g\ .
                                                                                                                         ;+ljwfg;ef / k|dv /fhgLlts zlQmx?sf]
                                                                                                                                             '
                                                                                                                                                                       ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0f xf];\ . ToxL g} ;Dk"0f{
                                                                       st} g st}af6 ;+ljwfg;efsf] To; k|sf/sf]                                                         b]z / hgtf tyf ;DalGwt /fhgLlts
x'g ;S5g\ . To;sf nflu k|f/lDes r/0f hgr]tgf g} xf] .                  sfo{k|0ffnL ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb klg yKb}                 |
                                                                                                                         sfo{k0ffnLn] b]znfO{ ToxL lbzfdf nlu/x]sf]    zlQmx?sf] klg lxtdf x'g5 .     ]
         ut jif{ lhNnfdf eJo?kdf ;+rflnt !^ lbg] cleofgn]
zx/ If]qdf h'g r]tgfsf] :t/ a[l4 ug{ ;s]sf] lyof] o; jif{
                                                                                                                   kf7s rf}tf/L
ck]Iffs[t pknAwL eg] x'g ;s]sf] 5}g\ . ut jif{ sfo{qmd
;+rfng ubf{ g} ;/f]sf/jfnx?n] o:tf sfo{qmd u|fld0f If]qdf                                 s] xfld g} c6]/L xf}+ t Û
n}hfg'kg{] cfjZsotfsf] dxz'; u/]s} x'g\ . t/ u|fld0f If]qdf                      Ko"7fg lhNnfdf ;g\ @)!# ;Dddf v'nf lbzf
                                                                       d'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff ug]{ cleofg cGt/ut xfn ;Dd & j6f
                                                                                                                                               u/fPsf] Ps xhf/ ?k}ofn] ;fRr} rkL{ lgdf{0f sfo{ ;DkGg x'g
                                                                                                                                               ;S5 t < cjZo g} ufx|f] 5 . To;f] elg/xbf Ko"7fg lhNnfnfO{
sfo{qmd n}hfg'sf] cy{ sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/fpg' dfq eg] kSs}                uflj; dfq} ;kmn x'g ;s]sf 5g\ . cGo uflj;x?df cem}                      v'nf lbzf d'Qmf If]q 3f]if0ff jGg'k5{ eGg]df d]/f] lj/f]w xf]Og t/
                                                                       klg of] sfd ;DdGg x'g afFsL g} 5 . ufFpufFpdf ljleGg                    ;du|?kdf jf:tljs cj:yf s] xf] t eGg] s'/f a'em\g' h?/L x'G5
xf]Og . o; jif{ o:tf vfnsf sfo{qmd s]lx u|fld0f If]qdf                 cleofgsf ;fy uflj;nfO{ v'nflbzf d'Qm If]q jgfpgsf]]                     . o;df ;f/f]sf/jfnf lgsfon] Wofg lbg] sL <
n}hfg] k|of; eP klg To;n] hgr]tgfsf] :t/ a[l4df cem}                   nflu ljleGg lqmofsnfkx? ;+rfngdf cfPsf 5g\ . t/ klg                                ;Fu;Fu} cflgjflgsf kl/jt{gsf s'/fx?df klg w]/}
                                                                       :yflgojf;LnfO{ jf u|fdL0f If]qdf j;f]jf; ug]{ /f]huf/ ljlxg,            kl/rrf{ cfPsf 5g\ . ljkGg tyf ;r]tgf sld ePsf hgtfnfO{
sfd ug{ ;ls/x]sf] 5}g\ . lx+;faf6 al9 afnaflnsf, dlxnf,                lgDg cfP :t/ ePsfx?sf nflu of] ljifo eg] lgs} r'gf}ltk"0f{              ;/f]sf/ jfnf sfof{no, ;/;kmfO{ ;DjGwL sfo{ ug]{ u}/;/sf/L
                                                                       jGg uPsf] 5 . o;sf] jf:tljstf j'em\g h?/L 5 . s] ;fRr}                  ;+:yf tyf :yflgo /fhg}lts bnx?n] slt kl/jt{g Nofpg
blntx? k|efljt e}/x]s} 5g\ . To;df klg of}g hGo lx+;faf6               uflj;nfO{ :jR5 /fVg] dg pgLx?sf] lyPg t < pgLx?nfO{                     ;Sof}t eGg] s'/f klg k|d'v jGg uPsf] 5 . t/ l;sfO{sf]
                                                                       ;'/lIft tyf lg/f]uL jGg dg 5}g t < s] sf/0fn] pgLx? of]                 lj:tf/ eg] kfpg ;s]sf 5}gf} . v'nf lbzfd'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff
dlxnfx? al9 kLl8t ePsf] b]lvG5 . o;df klg sdhf]/ cfo                   k|lqmofdf cfpg ;ls/x]sf 5}gg < plgx?sf] ;d:ofsf] vf]hL                  ug{sf] nflu k|ltj4tf hgfPsf / c?nfO{ klg clek|]l/t kfg]{
:t/ ePsfx?sf nflu Psftkm{ sfg'gL pkrf/sf] af6f] klxNofpg               eg] st}jf6 ePsf] kfOb}g .
                                                                                 ljleGg ;df/f]xx?df ;fRr}g} hgtfdf OR5f zlQm
                                                                                                                                               lgsfon] jf:tjdf cfˆgf] cj:yfnfO{ eg] 6'n'6'n' x]/]/ j:g'
                                                                                                                                               afx]s c? pknJwL s'g} ug{ ;s]sf 5}gf} .
;d:of x'g] u/]sf] 5 eg] csf{] tkm{ Pp6f lx+;faf6 5'6sf/f               eof] eg] of] s'/f ;DkGg x'G5 eGg] s'/fx? pl7/xb} cfPsf]                            ;fRr} cfh lhNnfdf v'nf lbzfd'Qm kfg{sf] nflu
                                                                       kfOG5 . t/ klg eg] hlt ;fRr} :yflgosf] xsdf /x]/ plgx?sf]               ;fj{;fwf/0f hgtfnfO{ k]n nufPsfx?n] lhNnfsf s'g s'g
kfpg cGo lx+;fsf] l;sf/ aGg' k/]sf] 5 . To;}n] pgLx?sf]                w/ftn a'em] kl5 dfq} of] s'/fsf] :ki6tf x'g ;S5 .                       7fpdf ;fj{hlgs ;f}rno lgdf{0f sfo{ u/\of} t . ;b/d'sfd
;'/lIft cjt/0fsf nflu ;/f]sf/ /fVg] lgsfon] sfd yfNg'                            ufFpufFpdf rkL{ gjGg'sf sf/0fx? w]/} 5g\ . cfh                vn+ufdf b}lgs k|zf;lgs sfd ug{ cfPsf ;j{;fwf/0f dflg;n]
                                                                       o; ljifo k|lt uDeL/ eP/ nfUg h?/L b]lvG5 . ufFpufFpdf                   lb;flk;fj nfu]df sxfF hfg] t of] s'/fsf] hjfkm ;/f]sf/jfnf
kb{5 . kLt[ ;QfTds ;+:s[lt ePsfn] klg dlxnfx? al9                      klg kl/jf/, kl/jf/ cg';f/ plgx?sf] cfo:t/df w]/} km/s                   lgsfo;+u 5 < o;n] ubf{ cfh ;dfhdf cfkm\gf] cfªsf] e}l;
                                                                       kfOG5 . To;df klg ljkGg kl/jf/nfO{ lbg k|ltlbg cfsflzb}                 gb]Vg] c?sf] cfªdf /x]sf] h'd|f ;d]t b]Vg] kl/kf7Lsf] ljsf;
lx+;fdf kg{] ePsfn] o;sf] Go"gLs/0fsf nflu klg ;dfhdf                                           '
                                                                       uPsf] dx+uLn] ljxfg j]nsLsf] 5fs 6fg{ ;d]t sl7g ePsf] 5                 ePsf] 5 of] tTsfn /f]lsodf dfq Ko"7fg lhNnfnfO{ v'nf lbzf
                                                                       . plgx?sf] xsdf ;fRr} rkL{ lgdf{0f ug'{ lgs} s7LgfO{sf] s'/f            d'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff cleofgsf] ;fy{stfxf]nf .
a:g] xfldx?sf] ;f]r kl/jt{g x'g' cfjZos 5 .                            x'g ;S5 . of] cj:yfdf uflj;n] jf rkL{ jgfP jfkt pknJw                             – ufF p n] sfG5f, n' ª Ko" 7 fg
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                               @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @! ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                        #




         ]
       k|; rf}tf/L g]kfnsf k"j{ s]lGb|o ;b:o, o; ;fKtflxssf k'j{ ;Dkfbs, ljsf; ldl8of ;le{;
       g]kfnsf pkfWoIf, sflGtk'/sdL{ Ko"7fg x+;k'/–* lgjf;L kqsf/ g'd/fh vgfn olx d+l;/ !(
                                                        “
       ut] t'n;Lk'/–%, v nfOg bfª lgjf;L sdnf zdf{;u a}jflxs jGwgdf af“wLg' ePsf]df pxf“sf]
                    ;'vb bfDkTo hLjgsf] z'e–sfdgf ;lxt xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{5f}+ .
       lu?k|;fb e08f/L÷af;'bj lu/L÷PnaL yfkf÷odsf ;'jbL
                            ]                        ]                                                                         df]xg s]=;L=÷;'efif e08f/L÷t]h k|;fb kf08]
    dx]z yfkf÷;'hn >]i7÷;+lutf v8\sf÷l/df vgfn÷s]z/ /f]sf                                                                 k|Hjn kxf8L÷x]d/fh vgfn÷sdn lj=s=÷c?0ff aGhf8]
      ltns xdfn÷ls/0f yfkf÷Ps/fh e08f/L÷Kof/ cln vfg                                                                            nIdL kf08]÷;ljtf cfrfo{÷afns[i0f yfkf
                   lzjf /]UdL÷ljhol;Fx ef/tL                                                                                  ;Gb]z cfrfo{÷s[i0f/fh kf08]o÷/fd k|;fb kf]vn]|
                                                                                                                                             Odfgl;+x ef/tL
                                        k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfn                                                                                  k| s fzs÷;Dkfbs
                                           Ko"7fg kl/jf/                                                                         Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs, kl/jf/ Ko"7fg
                        ljsf; ldl8of ;le{; g]kfn, ;fd'bflos /]l8of] Ko"7fg Pkm=Pd= (@ d]ufxh{, kl/jf/
                                         o"y ldl8of 8]enKd]G6 ;]G6/ g]kfn, kl/jf/

;dfj]zL agfpg dfq} ;+:yfdf dlxnf ;xeflutf ;+hon] bf}8/} lxdfn ofqf ug]{
                                                     ]
                    /L÷
— ljdnf rf} w /L ÷ bfª                        ;+:yf uGwj{ ;dfh ;'wf/ ;+3sf eQmaxfb'/       hghflt ;d' b fodf lzIffsf] nx/                            Ko"7fg-Ko";;_÷ b'O{ xhf/ Ps
             lhNnfdf ;fdflhs ;+ 3             uGwj{ bftfx¿;Dd kx'"r gk'u]sf] sf/0fn]       km}nfpg'kg]{ pgsf] wf/0ff /x]sf] 5 .           ;o lsnf]ld6/sf] b'/L kf/ ug{ ;kmn g]kfnL
;+:yfx¿ vf]Ng] nx/ rn]sf] a]nfdf dlxnfsf      sfd ug{ g;lsPsf] atfp"5g\ . bftfsf]                       blnt dlxnf ePs} sf/0fn] /         wfjs ;+ho kl08tn] 5 xhf/ ld6/ prfO{sf]
gfddf btf{ x'g] ;fdflhs ;+3;+:yfx¿sf]         ;xof]u gx'"bf lgis[o /x]sf] ;+:yfdf !!       afnaRrf x]g]{ ug'{ / aflx/sf] sfd klg                                         ]          {'
                                                                                                                                          cfO{Nof08lks lxdfnsf] ofqf bf}8/} k'/f ug'xg]
;+Vof cToGt sd /xg] u/]sf] 5 . lhNnf          hgf ;b:ox¿ dWo] @ hgf dlxnfx¿                cfk}+m ug'{kg]{ ePsf]n] tf/tDo ldnfpg          ePsf] 5 . ljh'jf/ ! l6s'/L lgjf;L @@
k|zf;g sfof{no bfªdf ;fdflhs ;]jf             sfo{;ldltdf /x]sf 5g\ . ;+:yfdf sfd          ;fx|} ufx|f] ePsf] pgn] atfOg\ . pgn]          jlif{o wfjs kl08tn] cfh j'wfjf/ b]vL
efjn] btf{ x'g] ;+:yfx¿sf] tYof"s x]bf{       ug]{ cfly{s >f]t gePklg lgoldt a}7s          elgg\,—‘hlt Pp6f k'?ifn] :jtGq eP/             tLg lbg leq k'/f ug]{ nIo lng'ePsf] 5 .
dlxnfx¿sf] ;xeflutf Go"g b]lvG5 .             al;/x] s f] eQmaxfb' / n] atfP .             sfd ug{;S5 Tolt g} :jtGq eP/ Pp6L                         Ko"7fgsf] P]ltxfl;s wfld{s
             lhNnf u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf ;dGjo      sfo{;ldltsf b'j}hgf dlxnf ;b:o cfly{s        dlxnfnfO{ sfd ug{ ;fx|} ufx|f] x'"bf] /}5 .’   tyf ko{6lso :yn :ju{4f/L, uf}d'vL,
;ldlt bfªdf cfa4 ;+3;+:yfsf] ;+Vof hDdf       cj:yf sdhf]/ ePsf] sf/0fn] b}lgs Hofnf                    bfªdf dlxnfsf gfddf dlxnf         P]/fjtL, leqLsf]6 / ljh'nLsf]6 nufot            bf}8sf] ;f]lkmof l;g] cf6{, cfO{ lj P08
& ;osf] xf/fxf/Ldf /x]sf] hfgsf/L ;dGjo       dhb'/Lu/L u'h/f rnfpg' kg]{ ePsf]n]          clwsf/ / ;zlQms/0fsf] p2]Zo /fv]/              If]qsf] k|rf/ k|;f/ / ljsf;sf nflu              PdP; sn]h, sf7df08f}+ jg{x6{ sn]h,
;ldltsf ;lrj x]dGt kf}8]nn] atfP .            ;+:yfnfO{ ;s[o agfpg ;do lbg g;s]sf]         vf]lnPsf ;+:yfafx]s cGo ;+:yfx¿df              hgr]tgf hufpg] pb]Zon] cfkm'n] bf}8g]           sflGtk'/ xf]6n Dofg]h d]06 sn]h /
pgn] eg],—‘bfª lhNnfdf clxn] ;+3;+:yf         pgsf] egfO{ 5 .                              dlxnfx¿sf] ;s[ o tf b] l vPsf] 5} g .          of]hgf agfPsf] kl08tn] atfpg'eof] .             lk|ldo/ sn]hn] k|fof]hg u/]sf 5g .
btf{ x'g] k|lqmof ltj|?kdf e}/x]sf 5g\ t/                   blnt dlxnf ljsf; ;+ : yf       hghflt dlxnf cWoIf ePsf b'O{j6f                kl08tsf] bf}8sf] cfof]hs ;+ho kl08t             ;f] d jf/ l/kf] 6 { ; Snj sf7df08f} d f
dlxnf ;xeflutf sd 5 .’                        bfªsL cWoIf lgd{nf g]kfnL jfbLn] Ps          ;+:yfx¿ cfzdfgL rf}w/L cWoIf /x]sf]            kmfp08]zg /x]sf] 5 eg] pFxf lxdfnog             kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/]/ kl08tn] cfkm\gf]
             bfªdf dlxnfsf gfddf ;+:yf        t blnt To;dfly klg jfbL dlxnfx¿n]            u|fld0f dlxnf pTyfg s]Gb| / zflGt              ufO{8;\ g]kfnaf6 cf/f]x0f ub}{x'g'x'G5 .        bf}8sf] 3f]if0ff ug'{ePsf] xf] .
@^ j6f dfq 5g\ tL dWo] cf}+nfdf uGg           emg\ sl7gfO{ ef]Ug'kl//x]sf] atfOg\ . pgn]   rf}w/L cWoIf /x]sf] u|fld0f dlxnf ljsf;
;lsg] u/L blnt / hghfltsf
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dWo] dlxnfsf gfddf hDdf b' O { j 6f           dlxnfx¿sfnflu d}n] / d]/f] ;+:yfn] hlt       ;+:yfx¿ Psbd} sd dfqfdf ce\m du/               lgdflj / dflj txsf lghL tyf jfn                 ;lrj lzj s' d f/L yfkf, sf] i ffWoIf
;+:yfx¿ blnt dlxnf Pstf s]Gb| / blnt          ug'{kg]{ xf] Tolt ug{ g;s]sf] h:tf] nfU5     dlxnfsf gfddf btf{ ePsf ;+3;+:yf 5}gg\         ljsf; ;xof] u L tyf lzIfsx?sf]                  w' j | l/hfn ;b:ox?df x] d /fh
dlxnf ljsf; ;+3 /x]sf 5g\ . blnt              .’ pgn] clwsf+z blnt dlxnfx¿n] w]/}          eg] klg x'G5 .                                 ;+3if{ ;ldtL u7g u/]sf 5g\ . lghL               vgfn, /ljg lk=Pd, lszf]/
dlxnf Pstf s]Gb|df lgd{nf u'Ktf g]kfnL        gk9] klg ;+:yf vf]nL sfo{;ldltdf /x]/                     k' ? ifx¿åf/f ;~rflnt             tyf jfn ljsf;sf lzIfsx?sf]                      l/hfn, ;/:jtL clwsf/L, lrqf
tyf blnt dlxnf ljsf; ;+3df lgd{nf             sfd u/] s f] atfOg\ . pgn] elgg\ , —         ;+ 3 ;+ : yfx¿df klg sfo{ ; ldtLdf             xs lxtsf] ;+ / If0fsf nflu eGb}                 s] ; L, uf] l jGb s] ; L, s[ i 0f jxfb' /
g]kfnL jfbL cWoIf /x]sf 5g\ .                 ‘sfo{;ldltdf eP/ dfq} s] ug]{ lg0f{o         dlxnfx¿sf] pkl:ylt sd /xg] u/]sf] 5            zlgjf/ ljh' j f/df ;DkGg e] n fn                s];L / cd[tf zfx nufPtsf
             blnt u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf ;dGjo       k|s[ofdf k'?ifx¿ g} xfjL x'G5g\ .’           .      ‘vf] h L—vf] h L     lgodcg' ; f/       ;ldlt u7g u/]sf] xf] .                          /xg' e Psf] 5 . e] n fn] cfufdL kf} i f
;ldltsf v8\saxfb'/ ljZjsdf{ eG5g\,—                         ;dfh ;'wf/sfnflu nfu]sf        ;dfj]zLs/0fsf] l;4fGtnfO{ k'/f ug{                         ;ldltsf] cWoIf 7fs' /               @ ut] ;ldtLsf] klxnf] j} 7 s j:g]
‘clwsf+z ;+3 ;+:yfx¿ klxnf nxnx}df            ;+ : yfx¿sf] of] xfnt 5 eg] cGo              dlxnfnfO{ sfo{ ; ldltdf /fVof] kl5             k| ; fb g] k fnL, pkfWoIf /fwf yfkf,            lg0f{ o u/] s f] 5 .
nfu]/ vf]Ng] t/ kl5 gjLs/0f / s/              Joj;flos ;+ : yfx¿df dlxnfx¿sf]              ljjfxkl5 t emg\ pgLx¿ ;s[o x'g
;d]t ltg{ g;Sg] cj:yfdf u}/;/sf/L
;+:yfx¿ hlt cfbz{sf s'/f u/]/ blnt
                                              ;xeflutfsf] xfnt s] xf]nf, lgd{nfn]
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pTyfgsf s'/f u/] klg cflv/ sfd ug{nfO{        ;xeflutfsf] tyf ;s[ o tfdf afwf                                  ;f}hGoM
t k};f g} rflx"bf] /x]5 Sof/] <’ uGwj{x¿sf]
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 Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                              @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @! ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                $
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slxNo} gkmNg] wfg                                        prfO{sf] ljrdf kb{5 <                                 d'n's xf]O{g of] . cfhxfdL g]kfnL eg] h'g uf}/a
g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg                                                    – ^!)–!*&@ dL6/                            ug{ kfPsf 5f} o;df xfd|f k"vf{x?sf] 7"nf] b]g 5
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;fob, xh'/x?nfO{                                         dgf]/d tfn s'g xf] <
sf7df08f}sf hgtf eP k'U5                                                                                       ltJjt;+u xfd|f k"vf{x? b]z elQmx? vflt/ gn8]sf]
                                                                    – k~rf;] tfn                               eP ;fob cfh xfdL g]kfnsf g]kfnL x'b}gYof}
of] lbn slt b'V5                                         $_kmf]S;'08f] tfnnfO{ :yfgLo efiffdf s] elgG5 <       xf]nf . To; j]nf xfd|f jL/ k"vf{x?n] 7fp7fpaf6
cefuL hgtfsf] dd{                                                   – l/Udf tfn                                df]rf{aGbL ?kdf lsNnf s;]/ ;q'x?nfO{ wf]tL /
a'em\g] sf]xL 5}g\ xf/]sf] sd{                           %_ t/fnL du/sf] j;f]jf; s'g lhNnfdf 5 <               6f]kL agfP/ nv]6]sf] Oltxf; ;'Gbf s'g g]kfnLsf]
olb d ltdLx? ;Fu eP                                                 – 8f]Nkf                                   cfª lhl/Ë x'b}g xf]nf < To:tf] jL/tfk"0f{ n8fO{
clek|fo cf; d]6fpy]                                      ^_ afbnsf] lbzf Pj+ ult gfKg] oGqsf] gfd s] xf] <     n8]/ arfPsf] b]z g]kfnsf] xfnsf] cj:yf b]Vg'                                    /fd k| ; fb kf] v | ] n
zflGt e]6fpFy]                                                      – g]kmf]:sf]k                              kbf{ s'g :jfeLdfgL g]kfnLnfO{ cfgGb cfpg ;S5          gfddf hflto /fHo 3f]if0ff ul/b}5 . /fHosf] k"gM
Vofn ug'{ ;do cxdsf]                                     &_ ;nfË gfds ko{6sLo :yfg s'g lhNnfdf                 / < elgG5 h:tf] b]lvG5 To:tf] x'b}g, h] gx'g'kg]{     ;+/rgfsf] gfddf ljb]zLx?sf] l8hfOgdf g]tfx?n]
clejfbg Û hf8f] df};dsf]                                 kb{5 <                                                xf] ToxL ePsf] 5 g]kfndf cfh b]zsf] ;Dk"0f{                     ]
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                       gljg s]=;L= æ;+3if{Æ              *_ r'/] kj{t >]0fLdf ;jeGbf cUnf] kj{t s'g xf] <
            sIff–!!, u+uf pdflj jfxfg], Ko"7fg                                                                 b]z k|]dsf] efjgf lbg k|ltlbg sld x'b} uPsf]          ljb]zLx?n] g]kfnnfO{ x/]s ljifosf] k|of]uzfnf
                                                                    – ufjf{, s}nfnL                            cfefif x'G5 . b]z k|]d ug'{ eg]sf] xfd|f] /fli6«otf                ]
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                                                                                                               d]lr b]lv dxfsfnL ;Ddsf] e"uf]n dfq xf]Og b]z         hflto /fHosf] :yfkgf jf 3f]if0ff ul/ cGt/ hflto
kfun agfof} cfh wf]sf lbof} dnfO{                                                                              t pQm e"uf]n leq j:g] hgtf pgLx?sf] ;Dk"0f{                 |
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d]/f] dg v/fgL agfO{ lbof} cfuf]df hnfO{ .                          – z'SnfkmfF6 jGohGt' cf/Ifdf               lqmofsnfk vfgkfg–e] i f e' i ff / k| s [ l tsf]       ;+;bdf ;xeflu clwsf+z /fhgLlts bnx?n]
                                                         !!_ k;f{ jGohGt' cf/Ifsf] If]qkmn slt 5 <             ;lDd>0fjf6 jg]sf] 5 . b]z k|]d ug'{ eg]sf] oxfFsf     ;+ l 3otfnfO{ :jLsf/L;s] s f] ;+ l jwfg ag] d f
;fFrf] dfof u5'{ egL s;d vfGYof}                                    – $(( ju{ ls=dL
t/ dnfO{ wf]sf lbO{ kfun agfof} .                                                                              hft hftL, efiff, ;+:s[lt vfgkfg rfn rng               ;+ljwfgdf ;+l3o /fHox?sf] Joj:yf cj:oDefjL
                                                         !@_ 3fts 8]+u' /f]u ;fg]{ nfdv'§]sf] gfd s] xf] <     wd{ cflb k|ltsf] ;befj b]vfpg' ltgLx?sf]              b]lvG5 . lt aGg] /fHox?n] hflto ?kdf vnjn
dfof eGg] zAb ;+;f/d} ;:tf]                                         – Ph PlhK6/fO{                             pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ubf{ b]z elQm b]lvG5           gk'¥ofcf];, eflifs ?kdf vnjn gNofcf];, wfld{s,
cfh d ePF ;8ssf] j]jfl/;] h:tf]                          !#_ lh;; qmfOi6nfO{ em'G8\ofpg'cl3 v'jfOPsf]          eg] csf]{lt/ oxfF ePsf ;Dk"0f{ k|fs[lts j:t'x?sf]     ;f+:s[lts / ef}uf]lns ?kdf klg vnjn gNofcf];
;a}n] lh:sfpF5g\ dnfO{ kfun egL                          cDn s'g lyof] <                                       ;+/If0f ;Dj4{g / ljj]sk"0f{ k|of]u ug'{nfO{ klg       . olb o; ljifodf Wofg lbOPg eg] ef]lnsf
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d"lt{ elg 9'Ëf k'hf u5'{ c/]                                        – clUg, ;"o{ / rGb|                        st{Jo ;j} lj;]{/ cfkm\gf] :jfy{ eGbf dfly p7\g        klg a9fg]{ 5 . olb o:tf hflto /fHo, eflifs
d]/f] o:tf] rfn b]vL ;j} 5Ss k5{g /]                     !%_ ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7gn] j8{ km\n'sf] sf/0f            ;j}nfO{ ufx|} ePsf] cfefif kfOG5 .                    /fHo, wfld{s /fHo, ef}uf]lns-lxdfnL, kxf8L, dw]zL_
xf];df x'Fbf pgs} ofb dg dl:tisdf                        dfxfdf/Lsf] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] ldlt s'g\ xf] <                       xfdL s[lif k|wfg d'n'ssf dflg;x?          /fHox? agfOof] eg] ef]lnsf lbgdf cfh cNk;+Vof,
dg a'emfpF5' dfofn'sf] ;fy 5}g d]/f] efUodf                         – h'g !!, @))(                             s';L{ k|wfg jGg k'u]sf 5f} . b]zsf kfvf kv]/f                                                      F}
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                 ;'lgn sfsL{ -lbjfgf_                    slxn] ePsf] xf] <                                     cu'jfx? gbL gfnfsf] e¥ofªjf6 ;Qf cf/f]x0f             afWotf cfO{ b]z ljvl08t x'g]5 / km]/L l;+uf]
hgtf pRr df=lj= wdf{jtL–! jfUb'nf, Ko"7fg                           – @)^^ kmfu'g !$                           lj/fhdfg x'g k'u]sf 5g\ . xfd|f snf ;+:s[ltx?         d'n's agfpg k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxsf] k'g{hGdsf]
                                                         !&_ u0ftGq g]kfnsf k|yd /fi6«kltsf] hGd ;Kt/L         ;+/If0f / ;Dj4{gsf] cefjdf nf]k x'g\ nfO{/x]sf                        {
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r' 6 lsnf                                                lhNnfsf] ;kxL uflj;df ePsf] xf] . pgsf jfj'           5g\ . xfdL g]kfnLx?sf] cGt/fli6«o hutdf klxrfg                ]
                                                                                                                                                                     b]zk|d jlQ afn]/ vf]Hg' kg]{ x'g ;S5 .
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cfP/ a;]sL lyOg\ . tL ls;fgn] Pp6f uwf klg                          – cfdfM /fd/lt ofbj / jfj'M yflg ofbj      j'jf, cfdf afh], ah},;f;' ;;'/f h:tf cToGt}           nfUg glbg' j]z x'G5 . cfh b]zdf /fHo k'gM
kfn]sf /x]5g\ . Ps lbg s;f]–s;f] ubf{ uwfn]              !*_ dfwj s' d f/ g] k fnsf] k| w fgdGqLTjdf           g]kfnL d"ns zAbx? zJbsf]ifdf ylGsg k'u] .             ;+/rgfsf] gfddf gjpbodfg /fHox? g]kfn /
Ps nfQL a'9Lsf] lgwf/df xfg]/ a'9L dl/5g\ .              dlGqkl/ifb\ slxn] u7g ePsf] xf] <                     dlDd–8\of8 h:tf zAbsf] pkof]u x'g\ yfNof] eg]         g]kfnLx?sf] cfjZostfn] eGbf ljb]zLx?nfO{
zjofqfsf] a]nf 7"nf] eL8 hDdf eP5 . Pshgfn]                         – @)^^ h]7 !!                              g]kfnLx?sf] klxrfg lbg ;Sg] g]kfnL kf]zfs xfd|f]      l/emfpg NofOg] Joj:yf xf] eGg] s'/f g]kfnsf]
eg]5g\–ls;fgsL ;f;' t ;fx|} nf]slk|o x'g'x'GYof]         !(_ ;+ o " Q m /fi6« ;+ 3 n] ckf+ u JolQmsf           Joj:yflksf ;bgn] v/fgL agfof] . Ps lsl;dsf]           cGtl/d ljwfg @)^# nfO{ ;+;f]wg u/]/ lg0ff{os
                                                         clwsf/;DjGwL 3f]if0ffkq slxn] hf/L u/]sf] xf] <       kf]zfsnfO{ x6fP/ csf]{ kf]zfssf] Joj:yf ljgf          # dfp bnx?n] ;dfj]z u/]sf] ;+l3otf eGg
sof/ Û ToxL eP/ t w]/} dnfdL cfP . …xf]OgÚ,                         – ;g\ !(&%
csf]{n] pQ/ lbof]–…oL ;a} Tof] uwf lsGg kfOG5                                                                  o;nfO{ gi6 ul/g' g]kfn / :jfledfgL g]kfnLnfO{         ;lsG5 . pQm ljwfg ;+;f]wg ug]{ jftfj/0f
                                                         @)_ k|yd zlxb nvg yfkfsf] hGdynf] s'g xf] <           g'g ljgfsf] t/sf/Lh:tf] gL/;Lnf] nfu]sf] 5 .          dw]zL df]rf{n] u/]sf] cfGbf]ngfnfO{ dTy/ agfpg
ls eg]/ cfPsf x'g\ .Ú                                               – uf]vf{sf] j'Ësf]6                                    b]zdf zfGtL ;'Joj:yf, ;]gf ;dfof]hg       lgdf{0f ePsf] s'/f lbgsf] 3fd h:t} 5n{Ë 5 .
                                                                                                               / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f h:tf sfo{ ;dodf gu/]/               ;+3/fHo agfpbf k|fs[lts >f]t ;fwg, ldtJolotf,
syf ====                                                                                                       $÷$ k6s ;do yk]/ ^)! hgfn] bf]Jj/ ;do                 cdgr}gdf vnn gcfpg] u/L sd eGbf sd
                                     OdfGbfl/tf                                                                ;/sf/ kl/jt{g / cfkm" dGqLjGg] v]n v]n]/
                                                                                                               ljtfO{/x]sf 5g\ . b'O{ jif{df ug]{ elgPsf] zfGtL
                                                                                                                                                                     /fHo agfpg' k5{ . s'g} @÷$ hfltsf] pTyfg
                                                                                                                                                                         }
                                                                                                                                                                     x'bdf !)! hflts} pTyfg x'g ;Sb}g ;du| g]kfnsf]
             w]/} jif{ klxNosf] s'/f xf] . s'g} ufpFdf h}dfg] gfd u/]sf] Pp6f s]6f lyof] . Psk6s pm            k|s[of ;]gf ;dfof]hg / gofF ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{       pTyfg jf ljsf;sf nflu ;j} hflt, ;j}eflif,
sfdsf] vf]hLdf glhs}sf] ahf/df k'Uof] . pm sfd vf]Hb} w]/} 7fpF k'Uof], t/ sQ} klg sfd kfPg . p;n]             Dofb ykLykL rf/ jif{ sdfO{ vfg] gf]s/L jgfO{Psf]      ;j} wdL{ sf] ljsf; / pTyfgsf] cfjZostf k5{
                                                                                                               5 . cTofGt lgw{g d"n'sdf kl5Nnf] k6s cfwf             . k5f8L k/]sf jf kf/LPsfx?nfO{ cj;/ k|bfg
eGof] …of] ;fgf] ufpFdf klg s] sfd kfOGYof] / <Ú . To;kl5 pm sf7df08f} k'Uof] . sf7df08f}df k'Ubf              ;osf] dGqLd08n jgfP/ /fli6«o 9's'6L l/Qfpg]           x'g] lgtL lgodsf] vfFrf] b]lvG5 . ;j} g]kfnLx?
p;sf vNtL / k]6 b'j} l/lQPsf lyP . ef]sn] ;fx|} ;tfPkl5 h] knf{–knf{ eGb} pm Pp6f xf]6ndf k:of]                sfd ul/Psf] 5 . k|fo ;j} /fhgLlts kf6L{nfO{           b]z ljsf;df Psfsf/ eP/ jf /fli6«o efjgfaf6
. xf]6ndf p;n] b'Oj6f pl;g]sf] cG8f / s]xL kfp/f]6L lrof ;Fu vfof] . pm;n] ef]s t d]6\of] t/ pm;Fu             cfkm\gf] dgk/L ug{ cfkm\gf] cg's'nsf] ;/sf/ /         cf]tk|f]t eP/ gnfUbf ;Dd b]z ljsf; ;+ej 5}g
ltg]{ k};f lyPg . To;}n] k;nsf dflg;sf] cfFvf 5n]/ pm n'?Ss aflx/ lg:sof] / km6fkm6 cfkm\gf] jf6f]             dGqfnodf rflxPsf] 5 . ;/sf/ jg]sf] !)) lbg            æj]nf 5b} l6s]6sf] ul/Pg ofb
nfUof] . s]xL lbgsf] bf}8w'kkl5 p;n] Pp6f ;fgf] pBf]udf sfd kfof] . pm d]xgtL / l;kfn' lyof] /fd|f]            gk'Ub} ;/sf/ km]g]{ v]n v]lnG5 . o;/L b]zdf           nfluG5 kf/ s;/L cj ef] km;fb ÛÆ
;Fu sfd ub}{ uof] . jif{lbg ljTbfljTb} p;n] s]xL k};f hDdf u¥of] . To; jif{sf] bz}df ufpF k'u]/                /fli6«o efjgf, eGbf bnut :jfy{n] dnhn                             cfh d' n ' s sf] l;dfgfdf ef/lto
afj'cfdfnfO{ e]6\g] ljrf/ u¥of] p;n] .                                                                         kfO{/x]sf] 5 . slt abgfdL 5g\ xfd|f] b]zsf ;ef;b\     k'ln;af6 cft+s dRrfpbf, ;/sf/df a:g]x?nfO{
             xf]6ndf k'u]/ ;fx'hL of] kRrL; ?k}of lng'; . jif{lbg klxn] tkfO{ sxfF cfP/ b'O{j6f                / dGqL eGg] s'/f /ftf] kf;kf]6{ sf08, Hofgdf/f        jf:tf 5}g yfxf kfpFbf klg yfxf gkfP h:tf]
pl;g]sf] c08f kfp/f]6L / lrof vfPsf] lyP . Toltj]nf d;Fu k};f lyPg, To;}n] k};f ltg{ ;s]sf] lyPg               sf08, 3';3f]/L sf08, kmlh{ ljBfno sf08,               :jfË kf/]sf 5g\ . klxn] b]lv g]kfn ef/taLr
. n k};f lng'; x} t . ufpFlt/ lx8\g' eGbf klxn] pm xf]6ndf k'Uof] . klxn] vfP/ k};f glt/]sf] h}dfg]nfO{        jgt:s/L sf08 h:tf tyfgfs 3[l0ftsfo{df                 ul/Psf c;dfg ;lGw ;Demf}tfn] g]tfx? ljleGg
                                                                                                               ;jf]{Rr 4f/f ul/Psf] km};nfjf6 hfgsf/L lng            tl/sfaf6 cfqmfGt 5f}+ . l;dfgfdf afw]sf kSsL
k6Ss} dg k/]sf] lyPg . h}dfg]sf] OdfGbf/Ltf b]v]/ ;fFx'n] crDd dfGof] . …o;/L jif{lbg klxn]sf] k};f            ;lsG5 .                                               afFwaf6 jif]{gL jiff{ofddf xhf/f} lj3f hldg
ltg{ cfpg] dflg; kSs} klg j'4 x'g'k5{ .Ú ;fFx'n] ;f]Rof] . Psl5gkl5 ;fFx'n] eGof] …x]/ efO{ lrof /                         zlxbsf kl/jf/ ;fx/f gkfP/ 56kl6Psf        hnfDd] x'G5 . l;dfgf, lbgfg'lbg ldlrPsf] ldlro}
kfp/f]6Lsf] t s'/f gu/f} t/ c08fsf] s'/f ubf{ b'O{j6f c08fjf6 b'O{j6f efn] lg:sg ;Sy] . jif{lbgdf tL           5g\ . pQm kl/jf/nfO{ pRr ;Ddfg, ;xof]u /              5g\ . sfnfkfgLdf ef/lto ;]gf k/]6 v]n]s} 5g\ .
efn]nfO{ sDtLdf klg kfFFr–kfFr ;o kYof]{ xf]nf . To;}n] b'Oj6f efn]sf] geP klg ltdLn] Pp6f efn]sf]             ;Djf]wgsf] cfjZoStf 5 t/ pgLx?sf] cfF;sf]        '    lo ofjt ljifodf b]zk|]dL g]kfnLsf] vfFrf] k/]sf]
k};f ltg'{k5{ .Ú h}dfg] cQflnof] . b'O{j6f c08fsf] df]n b'O{;o k;fr < ;fFx' / h}dfg] ljr jfbljjfb              dlb/fkfg ul/G5 . cfh b]znfO{ cghfgdf xf]Og            5 . gfnfkfgLdf c+u|]h;Fu n8]sf aneb| v's'/Ldf
rNof] . ;fFx' b'O{;o lbg}k5{ eGYof], h}dfg] kRrL; ?k}of g} w]/} 5, d}n] t jif{lbg ePsf]n] yk]/ lbPsf]          hfgL hfgL !)! hfltsf] ;femf cf>o :ynnfO{                                ]
                                                                                                                                                                     ;fFg nufP/ b]zk|dsf nflu sfnfkfgLdf pbfpg'kg]{
eGYof] . h}dfg]sf] efUo egf} ls ;+of]u ltgLx?sf] jfbljjfb rls{/x]sf j]nf rt'/] ToxL lrof lkpFb} lyof]          s]xL ;+ul7t / cfGbf]lnt @÷$ hfltsf] cu|lwsf/sf]       cfjZostf b]lvG5 .
. pgLx?sf] ljjfb b]v]/ rt'/]n] ;fFx'nfO{ eGof] …;fFx'hL tkfO{nfO{ of] k};f / efn]sf] df]n d lt5'{ x'G5 <Ú
rt'/]sf] s'/f ;fFx'n] dGh'/ u¥of] . t/ cfh 5}g ef]nL NofOlbG5' .Ú rt'/] j]nf j]nfdf To; xf]6ndf lrof
lkpg cfpYof] . To;}n] rt'/]sf] bf]>f] ;t{ klg ;fFx'n] dGh'/ u¥of] . rt'/]n] h}dfg]sf] kRrL; ?k}of
h}dfg]nfO{ lkmtf{ lbof] . h}dfg] klg cfkm\gf] af6f] nfUof] . bf]>f] lbg lrof lkpg cfpFbf rt'/] ;fgf]–;fgf]
                                                                                                                                ;ftfsf] tl:j/
kf]sf lbb} eGof] …n n]pm ltd|f] lxhf]sf] l76fn] jif{ lbg klxn] vfPsf] pl;g]sf] c08fjf6 lg:sg] s'v'/fsf]
efn]sf] df]n .Ú ;fFx'n] kf]sf] vf]n]/ x]¥of], ToxfF pl;gLPsf] ds} lyof] . ;fFx'n] cfZro{ dfGb} / s]xL ems{b}
;f]Wof], Tof] s] lbOPsf] rt'/] ltldn] < …Tof] ds}sf] ljp xf] . ;fFx'hL of] ds}sf] ljp 5/, o;jf6 kmn]sf]
ds} j]r slDtdf klg kfFr;o kfpg]5f} . o;/L ltdLn] c08faf6 lg:s]sf Pp6fsf] dfq xf]Og b'O{j6}
efn]sf] df]n kfpg] 5f} .Ú rt'/]n] eGof] . …ltdLnfO{ pl;g]sf] ds} pd|b}g eGg] klg yfxfF 5}g\ .Ú ;fx'n]
eGg'eof] / pl;g]sf] c08fjf6 efn] lg:sG5 eg] pl;g]sf] ds} klg pd|G5 ;fx'hL . ;fx'n] rt'/]sf]
rnf;L a'em\of] . o;n] rt'/]nfO{ s]lx hjfkm lbg ;s]g . eOxfNof] Tof] l76fn] lbPsf] kRrL; ?k}of t
b]pm . s]xL j]/kl5 ;fx'n] eGof], Pp6f OdfGbf/ dfG5]nfO 7Ug vf]h]sfn] Tof] kRrL; ?k}of ltdLnfO{ hl/
dfgf . olt eg]/ rt'/] cfkm\gf] af6f] nfUof] .
                                                                             ;'o{ axfb'/ /f]sf
                                                  sIff–!), nIdL dfWolds ljBfno jfË]d/f]7, Ko"7fg

        …afnaflnsfsf] cfTd;Ddfg u/f}+
  afnaflnsfnfO{ x]nf, lx+;f / b'Jo{jxf/af6 arfcf}+ .Ú
                                       hglxtsf nflu                                                            dHhfn] vfg] xf] M t'iff/f–* s'tf Ko"7fgdf ePsf] jufn] yfkf jGw'x?sf] b]jfnLdf jf]sfsf] jnL
                                                                                                               kl5 xftdf 6fpsf] cufl8 emf]nf / k5f8L emf]nf h:t} u/L sfFwdf jf]lsPsf] af]sf lnP/ 3/
                                       ]
 sflnsf ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfn / ;]e b lrN8«g                                                                       kms{b} n'ªsf :yfgLo            tl:j/ M PnaL÷Ko"7fg ;dfrf/
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                              @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @! ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                  %
                                                                                     Ko"7fg ufp“3/
                                             [               “
 Pr=cfO{=eL= kl/If0f u/fpg nfh dfGg' kb}g g]tTjdf blntsf] kx'r sd
PnjL yfkf÷Ko" ; ;
                                        {     >LdtLx? kl/If0fsf nflu al9 cfpg]             7]ufgf ;a} uf]Ko /flvg] ePsfn] s]Gb|df
                                                                                                                                                    Ko" 7 fg÷-Ko" ; ;_ lhNnfsf      jf:tljt kLl8t klxrfgsf cfwf/df
                                                                                                                                         ljleGg lgsfodf cem} klg blntx?             /fxtsf nfuL dGqfnodf l;kmfl/;
            ljh'jf/÷lhNnfdf                   u/]sf] Pr=cfO{=eL=sf] If]qdf lhNnfdf sfd     hrfpFg cfpg]x?sf] ;+Vof a9\b} uPsf]           g]tTj txdf k'Ug g;s]sf] Ps sfo{qmdsf
                                                                                                                                             [                                      ul/Psf] atfpg'eof] .
Pr=cfO{=eL ;+lqmdtx?sf] ;+Vof a9\g            ub}{ cfPsf ;+3 ;+:yf / sfof{non]             xf] . s]Gb|n] ljleGg ;do ;dodf ufpF           ;xefuLx?n] atfPsf 5g\ . ;fdflhs                       sfo{ q mddf dlxnf tyf
yfn];+u} kl/If0f ug]{sf] ;+Vofdf klg j[l4     hgfPsf 5g\ . xfn lhNnfdf @% xhf/             ufpFdf 3'DtL lzlj/ ;d]t ;+rfng ub}{           tyf cGo lgsfodf blntx?sf] kx'Fr sd         afnaflnsf sfof{no Ko"7fgsf k|d'v
ePsf] 5 . kl5Nnf] tYof+s cg';f/               eGbf a9Ln] :j]lR5s /St kl/If0f u/fPsf]       cfPsf] 5 . /St kl/If0f ubf{ kf]lhl6e          /x]sf] atfpFb} pgLx?n] g]t[Tj txdf cem          ]
                                                                                                                                                                                    nf]sGb|f cfrfo{n] x/Kn];4f/f ul7t lhNnf
lhNnfdf *% hgf PrcfOeL ;+qmldt                tYof+s /x]sf] 5 . lhNnfdf :jf:Yo             ePsf] kfO{Pdf ;Nnfx / ;'emfj ;lxt             l;ldt /x]sf] atfPsf x'g\ .                 jfn ;+hfndf 4Gb kLl8t, bnLt tyf
e]l6Psf 5g\ . ;+qmldt dWo] clwsf+;            sfof{no, g]kfn dlxnf ;fd'bflos ;]jf          kf]if0fo"St vfgf / cf}iflwsf]] nflu cfly{s               ;f]djf/ ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf        dhb'/L ug{] afnaflnsfnfO{ ;d]t ;d]6/  ]
o'jf o'jtL / >LdtLsf] ;+Vof a9L /x]sf]        s]Gb| / g]kfn /]8\qm; ;f];fO{6L nufotn]      ;xof]u ;d]t pknAw u/fOFb} cfPsf]              ;DkGg Ps lbg] 3'lDt ;+rf/ cleofg              {        {
                                                                                                                                                                                    k'gu7g ug'kg]{ atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf
5 . ut aif{ Ko"7fg KNf;n] ;+sng u/]sf]        of] ;DalGw sfo{ ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ .             /] 8 qm; Ko" 7 fgsf wd{ / fh zfxLn]           sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] o:tf] atfPsf          lhNnfsf] dfgjclwsf/sf] cj:yf,
tYofÍdf lhNnfdf Pr=cfO{ = le=                             ljleGg ;+ 3 ;+ : yfn] ufpF       atfpg'eof] . pxfFsf cg';f/ /]8qm;             x' g . lhNNnfdf blntx?nfO{ ug] {           4G4lkl8t, blnt, afnjflnsfsf] cj:yfsf
;+qmldtsf] :f+Vof %$ dfq /x]sf] lyof] .       ufpFdf hfu/0f lzIff / 3'lDt :j]lR5s          Ko"7fg zfvfn] sl/a % ;o a9LnfO{               e]befjdf s]lx sdL ePklg ;fdflhs            af/]df 5nkmn tyf cGt{lqmof ul/Psf]
            * hgf lhNnf :jf:Yo                /St kl/If0f k/fdz{ ;]jf lbg] cleofg          :j]lR5s k/fdz{ ;]jf tyf /Stkl/If0f            tyf /fHosf] d'nk|jfxaf6 pgLx? kl5          lyof] . clwsf/ nf]stGq / ;dfj]zL sf]if
sfof{nosf] le;L6Laf6, $) hgf g]kfn            yfn]kl5 lagf lxrlsrfj6 /St kl/If0f           ul/;s]sf] 5 .                                 k/]sf] atfPsf 5g\ .                        -cf/8LcfOPkm_ / dfgjclwsf/ ;+/If0f
dxLNff ;fd'bflos ;]jf s]Gb|sf] lel:f6Laf6     ug]{x?sf] ;+Vof a9\b} uPsf] g]kfn dlxnf                  lhNnfdf sfdsf nflu aflx/                     /fHoJoj:yfsf sf/0f blntx?       tyf sfg'gL ;]jf s]Gb| -x/Kn];_ Ko"7fgsf]
/ !! hgf lhNnf afxL/ /ut k/LIf0f              ;fd'bflos ;]jf s]Gb|sf lkmN8 ;+of]hs         uPsf AolQmx?af6 pgLx?sf] >Ldfg                clxn]sf] @! cf} ;tfAbLdf klg k5f8L         cfof]hgfdf sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] xf] .
u/fO{ ;+qmldt ePsf] tYo km]nf k/]sf]          nf]sdl0f /]lUdn] atfpg'eof] .                >Ldltdf Pr=cfO{=eL= ;+qmldt a9\b}             /x]sf] ;xefuLx?sf] egfO{ 5 . lhNnfsf                  dfgj clwsf/ ;+ / If0f /
lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf]                     pxfF s f cg' ; f/ lhNnfdf        uPsf] kl5Nnf] tYofÍdf kfOPsf] 5 .             /fhgLlts kf6L{x?sf] g]tTj txdf blntsf]
                                                                                                                                                                 [                  k|j{4g dfkm{t zflGt :yfkgf, cfd hgtf
5 . @^ hgf lhNnfdf lel;6L ;]jf                s]Gb|af6 !! xhf/ !& hgfn] k/fdz{             Pr=cfO{=eL ;+qmldtdWo] & hgfsf] ut            ;xeflutf Go"g ePsf] /fhgLlts bnsf          / ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo jLrsf] k|ToIf
;+rfng x'g' eGbf cl3sf /x]sf 5g\ .            ;]jf lnPsf] / To;dWo]df ( xhf/ $             aif{ d[To" e};s]sf] 5 eg] sl/j @% hgf         g]tfx?n] l:jsf/]sf 5g\ . blntx? :jo+d      ;+jfb eGg] d'n pb]Zosf ;fy sfo{qmd
            ;+ q mldtx?sf] ;+ V of a9\ b }    ;o () hgfn] /St kl/If0f u/]sf 5g\ .          ;+qmldtn] P=cf/=eL lnO/x]sf 5g\ .             cu|;/ / ;r]t gx'bf pgLx? g]tTj txdf
                                                                                                                                                            F           [           ul/Psf] x/Kn];sf sfo{sf/L clws[t 6f]k
uPsf] tYof+s;Fu} Pr=cfO{=eL eP gePsf]         /St kl/If0f ul/PsfdWo]df @! k'?if /                      cfufdL kmfu'g dlxgf ;Dddf         cfpg g;s]sf] g]tfx?n] atfPsf lyP .         axfb'/ v8\sfn] ;xefuLx?nfO{ hfgsf/L
k/LIf0f ug]{x?sf] ;+Vof klg a9\b} uPsf]       !( dlxnf u/L $) hgf Pr=cfO{=eL               :jf:Yo sfof{nosf] kxn tyf /fli6«o of}g                   ;xefuLx?n] blntx?nfO{           u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] . x/Kn]; ld8Lof
;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?n] atfPsf 5g\ . .          ;+ q mldt e] l 6Psf] ;+ o f] h s /] l Udn]   tyf Pr=cfO{=le= ;]G6/sf] ;xof]udf             cuf8L Nofpg / hftLo lje]b lj?4sf]          P8\efO{h/ g]q s]=;Ln] ug{'ePsf] lyof] .
ljZjdf P8\; nfu]/ dg]{x?sf] ;+Vof a[l4        atfpg'eof] .                                 P=cf/=eL= ;j–;]]G6/ :yfkgf ug]{ tof/L         ;dfh lgdf{0f ug{ blntx?nfO{ ;r]t                      lhNnfdf dfgj clwsf/,
x'b} hfFbf Pr=cfO{=eL ;+qmldt eP gePsf]
  F                                                       s]Gb|af6 e]l6Psf $) afx]s        e}/x]sf] lhNnf P8\; ;dGjo ;ldltsf             u/fpFb} Pp6f cleofg yfNg'kg]{df hf]8       z';f;g / ljsf;sf af/]df :yfgLo
a'em\gsf] nflu 8/ / z+sfn] lhNnfdf            cGo lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no, /]8qm; /           sfo{ q md ;+ o f] h s /fhs' d f/ /fptn]       lbPsf lyP . To;}u/L sfo{qmddf af]Ng]       ;/f]sf/jfnf tyf clwsf/af6 lje'v
kl/If0f ug]{x?sf] ;+Vofdf klg a[l4 x'Fb}      cGo ;+3 ;+:yfsf] kxn / ;xsfo{df              atfpg'eof] . ;e–;]G6/ :yfkgf ul/Pdf           ;xefuLx?n] :yfgLo zflGt ;ldlt              gful/s;F u k| T oIf ;+ j fb sfo{ q md
hfFbf ;+qmldtx?sf] ;+Vofdf klg a[l4           ;+qmldt e]l6Psf x'g\ . laz]if u/L >Ldfg      lhNnfdf /x]sf Pr=cfO{=le= ;+qmldtx?           dfkm{t 4Gb kLl8tsf nflu ljt/0f ul/g]       cGt/ut hflto lje]b, zflGt ;'/Iff,
ePsf] lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no Ko"7fgn]           lab]z uPsf dlxnfx? / k9\g] pd]/sf            P=cf/=le= lngsf nflu lhNnf aflx/ hfg'         /fxt /sd gkfPsf] u'gf;f] u/]sf lyP .       4Gb kLl8t / Ko"7fgsf ljleGg 7fFpdf
hgfPsf] 5 .                                   o'jf o'jtLx? /Qm k/LIf0fsf nflu a9L          kg]{ ;d:ofaf6 d'Qm x'g] 5g\ . xfn             :yfgLo zflGt ;ldlt Ko"7fgsf ;+of]hs        afnaflnsfsf] cj:yf nufPt ljifodf
            clwsf+; hfuL/sf] lznlznfdf        cfpg] u/]sf] ;+of]hs /]lUdsf] egfO{ 5 .      ;+qmldtx? P=cf/=le= lngsf nflu bfª            s[i0f k|;fb >]i7n] eg] /fxt kfpg] JolQm    3'DtL ;+rf/ cleofg ;+rfng ub}{ cfPsf]
zx/ / bf] ; | f ] d' n ' s uPsf >Ldfg         ;]jf lgz'Ns / k/LIf0f ug]{x?sf] gfd          tyf g]kfnu+h hfg'kg{] afWotf /x]sf] 5 .       b]z jflx/ tyf vj/ gkfPsfn] /fxt            x/Kn]; Ko"7fgsf ;+of]hs s]zj e'iffnn]
                                                                                                                                         ljt/0f ug{ g;lsPsf] atfpg'eof] . pxfFn]    atfpg'eof] .
                              +
 aufn] yfkfsf] s'nk'hfdf nfvf}sf] sf/f]jf/ cfunfuLdf 3/ dflnssf] d[To'
ls/0f yfkf÷Ko" ; ;
                   ff/f÷kfF
            t' i ff/f÷ r –kfF r jif{ s f]                                                                                                          v'ª-Ko";;_÷
                                                                                                                                                             ;_÷uPsf] a'wjf/ /ftL v'ª–* df ePsf] cfuf]df hn]/ Pshgfsf]
cGt/df x'g] aufn] yfkfsf] s'nk'hf cyf{t                                                                                                  d[To' ePsf]] 5 . ;fFemsf] a]nf vgf vfg] ;dodf ePsf] cfunfuLdf 3/ dflns 8f]/
b]jfnL kj{ o; jif{ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .                                                                                                       axfb'/ lassf] d[To' ePsf] xf] . cGbfhL ^) jlif{o lassf] p4f/ ubf{ub}{ d[To' ePsf]]
t'iff/f uflj;sf] s'tfdf k+rdLsf] lbgb]vL                                                                                                 :yfgLon] atfPsf 5g\ . lassf] ljut s]lxjif{b]lv dfgl;s ;Gt'ng sdhf]/
z'? ePsf] k'hf ci6dLsf] lbg z'qmjf/
               F                                                                                                                         ePsfn] afxL/ lg:sg g;s]sf] kfl/jfl/s ;|f]tn] hgfPsf] 5 .
;DkGg ePsf] xf] . o; s'nk'hf Ko"7fgsf]
dxTjk"0f{ s'nk'hf dWo]sf] dflgG5 . ;fy}                                                                                                   Ko"7fgL ;dfhåf/f ;xof]u x:tfGt/0f
o; kj{nfO{ efOaGw'x?aLr e]63f6 tyf                                                                                                                  aflbsf]6-Ko";;_÷ l;ofdf uf8Lsf] 7Ss/af6 d[To' ePsf Ko"7fg
                                                                                                                                                                  ;_÷dn]
;+oQm lkt[ k'hfsf] ?kdf lng] ul/G5 .
    '            F                                                                                                                       aflbsf]6–% sf xl/ axfb'/ s]=;Lsf] kl/jf/nfO{ ljlxjf/ dn]l;of Ko"7fg ;dfh;]jfn]
s'nk'Fhfdf :yfgLo pTkfbgsf] ljqmL                                                                                                        ;xof]u x:tfGt/0f u/]sf] xf] . dn]l;of Ko"7fg ;dfhsf cWoIf x's'd axfb'/ yfkfn]
ljt/0f ul/g'sf ;fy} :yfgLo ;+:s[tL                                                                                                       d[tssL >Ldlt ;[hgf s]=;LnfO{ !& xhf/ ?k}of ;xof]u x:tfGt/0f ug'ePsf] xf] .
emNsg] gfFrx? k|bzg ul/Psf] lyof] . @
                       {                                                                                                                            xl/ s]=;Lsf] @)^& ;fn d+l;/ dlxgfdf dn]l;ofdf ufl8sf] 7Ss/af6 d[To'
;o a9Lsf] ;+Vofdf af]sfsf] aln ;d]t                                                                                                      ePsf] lyof] . x:tfGt/0f sfo{qmddf uflj; ;lrj nufotsf] pkl:ytL /x]sf] lyof] .
lbOPsf] Joj:yfkg ;ldltn] hgfPsf] 5 .
                    F
o; jif{sf] s'nk'hfdf @) nfv ?k}ofF a9Lsf]
sf/f]jf/ ePsf] ;ldltn] hgfPsf] 5 .
                                              k/D/fut o; kj{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf]
                                              hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . rf8kj{df w]/} vr{
                                                                                           atfpg'eof] . oBkL pxfFn] aufn] yfkfsf]
                                                                                                                       +
                                                                                           s]lGb|o ;ldt sf7df08f};u ;dGjo u/L
                                                                                                                                         SoFDk;sf k|fWofksx? ;+u7Lt
                                                                                                                                                               ;_÷lhNnfdf klAns SofDk; k|fWofks ;+3 u7g ul/Psf]
                                                                                                                                                    Ko"7fg-Ko";;_÷
            o; s'nk'Fhfdf t'iff/f uflj;       nfUg] x'Fbf s]lx jif{ b]vL #÷# jif{sf]       cfkm\gf] j+zhsf] af/]df vf]hLgLlt ug]{        5 . :ju{4f/L jx'd'vL SofDk; ljh'jf/df zlgjf/ j;]sf] e]nfn] sNkgf v8sfsf]
;Fu} Ko"7fgs} n'ª, aflbsf]6, k'hf, gf/Lsf]6   km/sdf ul/b} cfPsf] s'nk'FhfnfO{ kfFr        tof/Ldf /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . ;ldltn]           cWoIftfdf ( ;b:oLo ;+3 u7g u/]sf] xf] .
nufot uflj;af6 yfkf efOaGw'x? h'6\g]          jif{df ;fl/Psf] :yfgLon] atfPsf 5g\ .        o;}jif{ # nfv ?k}ofsf] nfutdf s'n 3/                     ;+3sf] pkfWoIf s]zj kf]v|]n, ;lrj ljdnf vgfn, sf]iffWoIf xl/afj'
ub{5g\ . s'nk'Fhf Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf                       afUn'ª lhNnfsf] xk]{ s'tf eGg]    ;d]t lgdf{0f u/]sf] pxfFn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof]   lh=;L ;b:ox? a]ud axfb'/ s]=;L, bfg axfb'/ a'9fyf]sL, g]qd0fL cfrfo{, led
cg';f/ k+rdL b]vL ci6dL ;Dd k'hfcfhf          7fpFaf6 yfkfaGw'sf] k'vf{ a;fO;/]/ cfPsf]    . kl5Nnf] ;dodf o; kj{nfO{ Jojl:yt            axfb'/ a'9f / a;Gt v8\sf /xg' ePsf] 5 .
rNg] ub{5 . s'nk'hfFsf d'n wfdL emu           ePklg Oltxf;sf] af/]df Plsg hfgsf/L          agfpg] k|of; yflnPsf] / clen]v /fVb}                     e]nfdf, :ju{4f/L jx'd'vL SofD;sf k|d'v df]xg lu/Lsf] cWoIftfdf
axfb'/ yfkfn] s'n k'Fhf gu/] cfkm'x?nfO{      e]6fpg g;lsPsf] s'nk'Fhf Joj:yfkg            k|rf/ k|;f/ ug{ nfu]sf] cWoIf s]z/ axfb'/     ePsf] e]nfsf ;+3sf s]lGb|o ;lrj o"j/fh /fjtsf] ljz]if pkl:ytL /x]sf] lyof] .
xfgLgf]S;fgL k'Ug] atfpg'eof] . pxfFn]        ;ldltsf cWoIf s]z/ axfb'/ yfkfn]             yfkfn] atfpg'eof] .                           ;fy} lhNnfsf kfFr SofDk;sf k|fWofksx?sf] ;xefuLtf /x]sf] lyof] .

                                                          {
t'iff/fdf ;'Gtnf pTkfbg 36\of] rlk{ agfp uf=lj=;= sf] lgb]zg                                                                                                      ;_÷lhNnfdf ;+rfng e}/x]sf] v'nf lbzfd'Qm If]q cleofg
                                                                                                                                                     ljh'jf/ -Ko";;_÷
                                                                                                                                         cGtu{t lah'jf/ uflj;n] uflj;sf ;a} j8fx?df clgjfo{ rlk{ agfpg cfu|x
 ;' h n >] i 7÷Ko" ; ;
             t' i ff/f÷ ufpF d f pTkfbg                                                                                                  u/]sf] 5 . uflj; ;lrj tyf ufpF :t/Lo ;/;kmfO ;dGjo ;ldltsf ;+of]hs
 ePsf] ;'Gtnf ljqmL ug{sf] nflu ahf/                                                                                                     3g]Gb| axfb'/ of]uLn] d+l;/ dxLgfe/ uflj;nfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'St ug'{kg]{ ePsfn]
 vf]Hb} lx8\g] t'iff/f Ko"7fgsf ls;fgx?                                                                                                  clgjfo{ rlk{ agfpg ;'rgf hf/L ul/Psf] atfpg'eof] .
 o; k6s 3/d} 5g\ . ahf/sf] nflu                                                                                                                      uflj;df *) k|ltzt zf}rfno lgdf{0f e};s]sf] atfpFb} pFxfn] k'if @
 ;'ljwf eP/ jf 3/}af6 ljlqm x'g] eP/                                                                                                     ut] ;ft gDj/ j8fnfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff ug{ nfluPsf] hfgsf/L
 pgLx? 3/d} a;]sf eg] xf]Ogg\ . o;                                                                                                       lbg'eof] . :yfgLojf;LnfO{ ;hu agfpg rlk{ gagfpg]nfO{ uflj;af6 k|bfg ul/g]
 k6s /fd|f] ;'Gtnf pTkfbg gePsfn]                                                                                                        ;]jf ;'ljwf af6 al~rt u/fpg] ;d]t atfpg'eof] .
 pgLx? 3/d} a;]sf x'g\ .
             lhNnfsf] nf] s lk| o dflgg]
 t'iff/fsf] ;'Gtnfsf] pTkfbg o; k6s
                                                                                                                                          lx+;f lj?4 ;r]tgfd'ns ¥ofnL
                                                                                                                                                        jfª÷dlxnf lx+;f Go'gLs/0fsf nflu k|rf/fTds gf/f n]vLPsf] Kn]
                                                                                                                                                    tf]/jfª÷
 36]sf] 5 . @) jif{ cl3b]lv Joj;flos                                                                                                     sf8{ ;lxt tf]/jfª ufpF k/Lqmdf ul/Psf] 5 . !^ lbg] cleofg cGtu{t z'qmjf/
 ;'Gtnf v]tL ub{} cfPsf t'iff/f–# sf                                                                                                     ;r]tgfd'ns ¥ofnL ul/Psf] xf] . e'd]yfg art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8
 b'hdfg lh=;L=nfO{ o; k6s ;'Gtnf                                                                                                         tf]/jfªsf] cfof]hgfdf ePsf] ¥ofnL kl5 uflj; sfof{nodf ;ef u/LPsf] lyof] .
 kmlnkmfk eg] ePg . ;'Gtnf /fd|f]                 t'iff/f–* s'tfdf nfu]sf] b]jfnL d]nfdf   ;'Gtnf a]Rb} t'iff/f–# sf afnaflnsf
                                                                                                                                                                         ]|
                                                                                                                                                    sfo{qmddf OlGb/f kf]vnn] dlxnf lx+;f Go'gLs/0f / ;dfwfgsf] kxLrfgaf/]
 pTkfbg gePkl5 lh=;L cfOtjf/                  s[ifsx?sf] egfO{ 5 . lhNnfsf] afUb'nf,       ;'Gtnfsf lj?jf nufpg'ePsf] 5 .                ;xefuLx?nfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] . cfw'lgs ;dfhdf klg n}lu+s lje]b
 ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf /x]sf] lhNnf s[lif          ljh'jf/, dR5L, vn+uf If]qdf ;'Gtnf           ;'Gtnf j]r]/ ut jif{ @% xhf/ cfDbfgL          sfod} /x]sfn] ufpF:t/af6} r]tgfd'ns sfo{qmd ;+rfng u/L o;sf] Go'gLs/0fdf
 ljsf; sfof{no cfOk'Ug'eof] . ;'Gtnfsf]       ljqmLsf nflu cfpg] t'iff/fsf s[ifsx?n]          {
                                                                                           ug'ePsf e6\/fO{n] o;kfnL ;dodf kfgL           e'dLsf v]Ng'kg]{df sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] hf]8 lbPsf lyP .
 af]6df kft kx]Fnf] eP/ ;'Sg yfn]kl5          clxn] :yfgLo d]nf tyf 3/ d} k'Ug             gk/]sfn] ;'Gtnfaf6 ck]Iff u/] cg';f/sf]
 To;sf] hfgsf/L u/fpg ;b/d'sfd
 cfPsf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] .
                                              d'l:sn k/]sf] 5 .
                                                           lhNnfs} a9L ;'Gtnf pTkfbg
                                                                                           cfDbfgL ug{ ;Sg'ePg . pxfFn] eGg'eof],
                                                                                           …kmn klg ;fgf] nfu]sf] 5 .Ú oxfFsf
                                                                                                                                            P8\; lbjz dgfOof]
             t'iff/fsf] #, $ / % j8f          x'g] o; If]qdf ;'Gtnf km"n nfUg] ;dodf                                                                   fg÷ljZj P8\; lbj;sf] cj;/df Ko'7fgdf ljljw r]tgfd'ns
                                                                                                                                                   Ko"7fg÷
                                                                                           :yfgLon] k/Dk/fut ?kdf ;'Gtnf v]tL            sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/LPsf] 5 . lbj;sf] cj;/df lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no, lhNnf P8\;
 ;'Gtnf v]tLsf] nflu ks8 Pl/of dflgG5         df} i fdn] ;fy glbbf /fd| f ] gkmn] s f]     u/]sf] atfpFb} pxfFn] eGg'eof], …afpafh]n]    ;dGjo ;ldlt, g]kfn dlxnf ;fd'bflos ;]jf s]Gb| / o'=Pg=Pkm=lkP=sf] ;+oQm  '
 . o;kfnL /f]u nfu]sf]n] ;'Gtnf pTkfbg        s[ifsx?sf] egfO{ 5 . oxfF k/Dk/fut           h:tf] ub{} cfP xfdL klg To:t} ub{}5f}+ .      cfof]hgfdf ljlxjf/ ljh'jf/df ¥ofnL tyf cGt/lqmof sfo{qmd u/LPsf] xf] .
 /fd|f] gePsf] s[ifsx? atfpF5g\ . hlt         ?kdf :yfgLo hftsf] ;'Gtnfsf] lj?jfx?         …@ ;o %) lj?jf 5g\ /f]k]sf] 8]9 jif{                    ;fy} ;f]xL cj;/df lhNnfsf ljleGg ljBfnodf lbjzsf] cj;/df
 w]/} ;'Gtfn pTkfbg eP klg To;sf]             nufO{ P sf] 5 . t' i ff/f–^ Ko" 7 fgsf       eof]Ú ,pxfFn] eGg'eof] . lj?jf /f]k]sf] #     ;+rfng ul/Psf] nf]suLt tyf aSt[Tsnf k|tLof]uLtfdf ;xefuL ljhoL ljBfyL{x?nfO{
 nflu lhNnf leq} /fd|f] ahf/ /x]sf]           /fdk|;fb e6\/fO{n] hf}+ ux'F nufpg] af/Ldf                       af“sL & k]hdf ====        k'/:sf/ tyf k|z+;f kq ljt/0f u/LPsf] cfof]hsn] hgfPsf] 5 .
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                                  @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @! ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                           ^
                                                                                                                 ljljw
                                                                                                                                                   g]kfnL ;+:s[lt dfly
s:tf k':ts k9\g] / s] k9\g] <                                                                                                                                           }
                                                                                                                                                   ljb]zL k|efj lsg a9\b5 <
æk' / fgf] sf] 6 nufpm, gofF k' : ts            ;dfp5f} t/ /]i6'/]06df uP/ !)) vr{
lsgÆ yf] / f]                                   ubf{ lrGtf dfGb}gf}+ . df]jfOndf cfNt'kmfNt'
             k' : tsx? eg] s f 1fgsf            s'/f u/]/ ;of}+ ?k}of vr{ u5f}{ t/ k':ts                                                                                                                          ;Gb] z cfrfo{
e08f/ x'g\ . ;+;f/sf] af/]df hfGg a'em\g        k9\b}gf} / rflxP klg dfu]/ sfd rnfp5f}+                                                                           x/]s /fi6«df ;dfh cg';f/ leGg leGg ;+:s[lt x'g] ub{5 . o;n]
k':tsx?n] ;xof]u k'¥ofpF5g t/ ;a}               . k':ts lsGg ?g] t/ ;of}+ ?k}ofF k|ltkmn                                                           hflto , ;dfh / l;+uf] b]zsf] k|ltlglwTj ug'{sf ;fy} pRr w/f]x/ af]s]sf] x'G5 .
k':tsx? eg] pkof]uL gx'g ;S5g\ .                g} k|fKt gx'g] s'/fdf vr{ ug]{ afgLn]                                                              g]kfnL ;+:s[ltn] klg g]kfn nfO{ lrgfpg] sfd ul//x]sf] x'G5 . bz}+ ,ltxf/, k|d'v
v/fj / cg'kof]uL k':tsx? k9]/ ;do               7"nf] xfgL u5{ .                                                                                   rf8{ ka{ x'g eg] lth ,kmfu'0f k'lgdf ,58 ,O{b h:tf ka{x?sf ;fy} hGd,
latfpg' hLjg jjf{b ug'{ xf] . ahf/df                        k':ts k9\g t k9\g] t/ s:tf                                                             5}+l7,kf:gL a|taGw ljafx ,lsl/of a:g' h:tf h:tf ;+:sf/x? ;+:s[ltsf
kfO{g] ;a} k':tsx? nfebfos x'b}gg\ .            k':ts k9\g], of] klg ;f]rgLo ljifo xf] .                       dw' ; ' b g kGyL                    ;Defafxssf] ?kdf lng ;lsG5 . ;dfhsf] x/]s ljsf; k|s[ofdf ;+:s[ltsf] 7'nf]
/fd| f –g/fd| f , pkof] u L–cg' k of] u L ;a}   s;n] s:tf lstfj k9\g] eGg] t p;sf]                                                                 e'ldsf v]n]s]f x'G5 eg] ;+:s[lt / dfgj ;dfh Ps csf{sf k'/ssf ?kdf lng
lsl;dsf lstfax? k' : ts k;ndf                   k|j[lQ, OR5f, rfxgf / k]zf cg'?k kSs]          …dfOqmf];km\6b]lv afx'g 8fF8fÚ ;Dd eGg]             ;lsG5 . ;dfGotof ;+:s[lt ltg k|sf/sf] xG5g .
kfOG5g\ . s'g lstfa pkof]uL / k7gLo             x'G5 . xfdL;Fu ;do sd x'g;S5 t/                s[ltdf pgsf] hLjgsf dxTjk"0f{ If0fx?                !=;dfGt aflb ;+:s[lt, @=k'Flhaflb ;+:s[lt, #=hg;+:s[lt -hgklIfo ;+:s[lt _
5 eGg] s'/f ;DalGwt JolQmsf] ?lr,               ahf/df cg]s lstfa x'G5g\ . tNnf]               dq pNn] v ePsf 5} g g\ . ;+ ; f/df                                 xfd|f] h:tf] b]z g]kfndf cw{;fdGtL / cw{ cf}kg]a]lzs ;fy} ljb]lz
OR5f, rfxgf / sfo{ If]qn] klg k|efj             :t/sf lstfan] xfd|f] ;f]rfO g} tNnf]           hlGdPkl5 x'g]n] gx'g]x?sf nflu s]xL                 k|efj pGd'v 5 . eg] u|fld0f IFf]qdf cem}klg ;dflGt ;+:s[ltsf] afx'Notf 5 eg]
kfb{5 . k9\g] k':ts rog ubf{ cfkm\gf]           :t/sf u/fpg] x'Fbf To:tf lstfj gk9\g}          ub'{kbf]{ /x]5 eGg] ultnf] lzIff kfOG5 .            ;x/ ahf/df k'Flhaflb ;+:s[lts]f ljsf; ePsf] kfO{G5 . k'Flh pwf]u wGbf ,lj1fgsf]
OR5f / rfxgf ePsf] / cfkm" ;+nUg                j]z x'G5 . ljleGg kqklqsfdf x'g]               pgL dfOqmf];km\6sf] k|ltli7t hflu/ 5f]8/ ]          ljsf; x'g' /fd|f] s'/f xf] t/ ;+:s[ltdf k'Flhaflb ;+:s[lt /fd|f] xfO{g . To;}ul/
ePsf] k]zf jf Jofj;fo;Fu ;DjlGwt                k' : tsjftf{ , rrf{ d f cfPsf k' : ts,         …?d 6' l/8Ú eGg] ;+:yf vf]Nb} lx8]sf                cfkm'n] klg >d gug]{ / >d ug]{nfO{ klg dof{bf gug]{, wd{sf] cf8df u/La
ljifoj:t' 5fGg pkof]uL x'G5 . hLjgdf            ;fyLefO{ tyf lj4fgx?n] s'/fsfgLsf              5g\ . g]kfns} klg ljleGg 7fpFdf o;                  ls;fg nfO{ 7Ug] ,zf]if0f ug]{ ,bf; agfpg] Hf:tf Aoaxf/ ;fdlGt ;+:s[ltsf pkh
;sf/fTds k|efj kfg]{, hLjg abNg                 qmddf atfPsf pTs[i6 lstfax? cflbsf             ;+:yfn] :s'n / k':tsfno :yfkgf u/]sf]               x'g . To;}n] o:tf ;+:s[ltx? eGbf hgklIfo ;+:s[lt /fd|f] dflgG5 . h;df dflg;
;xof]u ug]{, pTk|]/0ff lbg] / cfkm\gf] k]zf     cfwf/df To:tf k':ts 5gf]6 ug{ ;lsG5            5 . ljZjdf nfvf}+ k|lt ljqmL eO;s]sf]               dflg; df ;dfgtfsf] Aoaxf/ x'G5 , 5'jf 5'tsf] cGTo ePs]f x'G5,dlxnf k'?ifdf
jf Jofjzfodf yk ;xof]u k'¥ofpg]                 . clxn] k' : ts ahf/df ;flxlTos                lzj v]/fsf] …you can win Ú-lht                      ;dfg Aoaxf/ x'G5 eg] of] ;+:s[lt ljb]lz k|efa Tolt w]/} k/]s]f b]lvb}g . To;}
vfnsf k':ts 5gf}6 ug{ ;lsof] eg]                s[lteGbf ;+3if{k"0f{ hLjgLd"ns s[ltx?          tkfO{sf]_ eGg] k'tsn] xfd|f] ;f]r / ljrf/d}
                                                                                                      +          "             +                   ul/ ;+:s[lt ltg k|sf/sf] x'G5 eg] ;+:s[lt nfO{ b'O{ efudf afFl8Psf] x'G5 .
Tof] kmfObf hgs x'G5 cGoyf x'Fb}g .             a9L ljqmL ePsf] kfOG5 .                        kl/jt{g Nofpg ;S5 . ;sf/fTds ;f]+r,                 !=ef}lts ;+:s[lt @+ cef}lts ;+:s[lt
             :s' n tyf sn] h df k9\ g ]                     lstfjx? s'g} k9'~h]n dfq           lg/Gt/tf / cfTdljZjf; eof] eg]                                     ef}lts ;+:s[lt cGtu{t dflgn] u/]sf ef}lts pknAwLx? h:t} cfw'lgs
clwsf+z ljBfyL{x? lxhf]cfh k':ts g}             cfgGb cfpg] / s'g] k9]kl5 klg cld/             h'g;'s} s'/fdf klg ;kmntf xfl;n ug{                 ejg ,hxfh ,d]l;g ,df]6 / / k|ljlw cfbL kb{5g . eg] cfef}lts ;+:s[lt cGt{ut
k9\b}gg\ . ufO8 / u];k]k/sf e/df kf;            5fk 5f]8\g] / gofF kf7 l;sfpg] vfnsf           ;lsG5 eGg] ultnf] kf7 o; k':tsn]                    l/ltl/jf ,1fg lj1fg ,ljrf/ ,rfn rng cflb kb{5g . To;}n] klg eGg ;lsG5 ls
ul/G5 eGg] ;f]+rfO{ 5 . lzIfsn] k|To]s          x'G5g\ . To:tf ;flxlTos / u}/ ;flxlTos         lbG5 . pkof]uL k':ts xf] of] . o:t} :j]6            ;dfh ljsf; eGg' g} ;+:s[ltsf] ljsf; x'g' xf] . rfx] Tof] ef}lts xf] of cef}lts .
ljifosf] ;Dk"0f{ g]f6 n]lvlbof];\ / cfkm"n]     lstfjx? w]/] 5g\ . t:tf] hubLz l3ld/]sf]       df8]{gsf] ;kmntfsf ;'q eGg] k':ts klg               To;}n] xfld tkfO{ h:tf b]z eQm gful/sn] b]znfO{ ;Ifd agfpg cfˆgf] ;+:sf/ /
k':ts g} lsGg gk/f]; eGg] rfxG5g\ .             …cGt{ d gsf] ofqfÚ k9] k l5 hubLz              …you can win Úh:t} k9\g nfos 5 .                    ;+:s[ltsf] sb/ ub}{ hu]gf{ tkm{ Wofg lbg' kb{5 . g]kfn cGo d'ns eGbf cfly{s
sn]h k9\g] Ps hgf ljBfyL{sf] dfl;s              l3ld/]sf] df]6fdf]6L hLjgL dfq yfxf            sfn{dfS;{, n]lgg, dfcf], dxfTdf ufGwL,              b'l[ i6sf]0fn] ul/j eP klg ;f+:s[lts b[li6sf]0fn] wgL 5 . g]kfnsf] ;+:s[ltn] g]kfnsf]
vr{ em08} %÷& xhf/ x'G5 . em08} &)–             x'Fb}g . c?sf] nflu klg s]xL ug'{k5{,          g] N ;g d08] n f, cNj6{ cfO:6fOg                    ;f]ef a9fPs]f 5 . x/]s b]zsf] ;+:s[lt To;b]zsf] uxgf jf dxTj k'0f{ ;Dklt xf] /
*) xhf/ ?k}of Ps jif{ k9\gsf nflu               ljb]zL e"ldnfO{ :ju{ / cfkm\g] e"ldfnfO{       nufotsf dxfg\ JolQmx?sf] hLjgLd"ns                  d'6' xf] . g]kfns]f ;+:s[lt dWo] k|flrg d7 dlGb/sf] agfj6 ,lrqsnf ,x:tsnf
vr{ u5{ t/ !÷@ xhf/sf z}lIfs ;fdfu|L            gs{ 7fGb} ljb]z xfDkmfn]/ s]xL x'Fb}g /        s[lt vf]hL vf]hL k9\g' /fd|f] x'G5 .                cflbn] ljb]zL nfO{ nf]EofPs]f 5 . h;af6 b]znfO{ cfly{s lx;fan] ;d[4 agfpg]
h'6fpg ufx|f] dfG5 . xflQ l5¥of] k'R5/          d[to'z}ofdf 56k6fP/ a:bf klg s]xL g            ljsf;fgGbn] n]v]sf] w]/}h;f] k':ts klg              ;Sg] ;Defagf /xFbf /xb} klg g]kfnL ;+:s[lt ljb]zL k|efj al9/x]sf] 5 o;sf
cl8\sof] eg] em} z}lIfs ;fdfu|L lsGg            s]xL ultnf] sfd ug{ ;Sg'k5{ eGg] l;Sg          pkof]uL 5g\ .                                       ljleGg sf/0fx? o;/L k|:t't ug{ ;lsG5 .
sGh':ofO u/]sf sf/0fn] ubf{ jif{ lbgsf]         ;lsG5 . l3ld/]n] d[To'nfO{ klg lht]/                        ;flxlTos s[ l tx?n] klg                !_ ljb]zL k|o{6sf] njfO{ vjfO{ tyf Aoaxfsf] cg';/0f ug'{ .
k|ltkmn g} v]/ hfG5 . ufO8, u];k]k/ /           …cGt{dgsf] ofqfÚ n]v]sf lyP . An8              xfdLdf cTofGt} /fd|f] pmhf{ lbG5g\ /                @_ ljb]zaf6 kms]{ kl5 cfˆgf] ;+:s[lt dfly leHg g;:sg' tyf luHofpg' .
lzIfssf] gf]6df dfq e/ kg]{ ljBfyL{x?sf]        SofG;/ eP/ d[ T o' z} o faf6 n] v ] s f]       kmfObfhgs x'G5g\ . dxfef/t-uLtf_ /                  #_ ljleGg rnlrq tyf kf]i6/af6 cg'ko'Qm l;sf] ug'{ .
u'0f:t/ sdhf]/ x'G5 rfx] ltgLx?n]               …cGt{dgsf] ofqfÚ n] d[To'nfO{ g} lhTg          /fdfo0f Psk6s k9\gkg]{ u|Gy x'g . To:t}
                                                                                                                      '                            $_ g]kfnL ;+:s[lt leq 5'jf 5't ,hflt k|yf ,a0f{ Aoj:yf h:tf lj;+ult x'g' .
k/LIffdf hlt;'s} c+s k|fKt u?g\ . w]/}          ;kmn ePsf] 5 . eflifs n]vg z}nL                b]jsf]6fsf] …d'gfdbgÚ, dfwj l3ld/]sf]               %_ g]kfnL ;+:s[lt leq d} Ps hflt sf] ;+:s[ltdf csf]{ hflt nfO{ :yfg lbg g;Sg' .
ljBfyL{sf] /f]u t k':ts g} glsGg] 5             klg cg's/0fLo /x]sf] 5 o;df . s0f{             …uf}/LÚ, afns[i0f ;dsf] …cfuf] / kfgLÚ,             ^_ g]kfnL ;+:s[lt /fd|f] x'Fbf x'Fb} klg a}1flgs tYos]f ck'0f{tf /xg' .
eg] h]gt]g k':ts lsg]/ kl9xfn] klg              zfSosf …;f]+rÚ, …vf]hÚ h:tf lstfj klg          …k| ] d lk08Ú, n] v gfysf] …t?0ftk;LÚ,              &_ ;do cg';f/ ;+:s[lt nfO{ ?kfGt/0f ug{ g;Sg' .
sf]if{ aflx/sf ljifoj:t' 7\ofDd} gk9\g]         cTofGt} pkof]uL 5g\ . k|lts'ntfnfO{            8fod08 zdz]/sf …j;GtLÚ, …;]tf] af3Ú,                *_ g]kfnL ;+:s[ltsf] lrgf/L, dxTj / k|efj af/] plrt r]tgf km}nfpg g;Sg' .
csf]{ v/fj afgL xf] . dflj, pRr dflj            klg cg's'ntfdf abNg] / ;w} ;sf/fTds            df]bgfy k|l>tsf] …b]jf;'/ ;+u|fdÚ, …gf/L                           dflg;n] cfkm'nfO{ ;Eo / /fd|f] agfpg] t/v{/df cfˆg]f k|sl[ ts cfj/0fdf
/ SofDk; txsf ljBfyL{ dfq xf]Og                 ;f]+rsf ;fy ;'vL hLjg hLpg ;Sg'k5{             aGwg / d'lQÚm, s[i0f w/fjf;Lsf] …/fwfÚ,             s[ltdtfsf] /Ë kf]t]/ ;'Gb/ agfpg rfxG5g . lsg eg] p;nfO{ k|s[lts 1fgsf]
sltko lzIfs k|fWofksx? klg sf]if{               eGg] kf7 l;sfp5g\ zfSosf lstfjn] .             vu]Gb| ;+u|f}nfsf]… ;Demgfsf s'Og]6fÚ,              cefj 5 . cfˆgf] b]zsf] dxfg cfb{z sf] ;+:s[ltnfO{ klg ljb]zL ;+:s[lts]f vf]n
aflx/sf k':ts gk9\g] / ljBfyL{x?nfO{            Toltdfq xf]Og, s'g} Ond gu/L ;do               e"kLsf] …3'Dg] d]r dflysf] cGwf] dfG5Ú],            cf8]/ cfˆgf] ;+:s[lt nfO{ knfPg dfu{tkm{ ws]lnP /x]sf] kfO{G5 . /fli6«otf /
pTk|]l/t gu/]sf] kfOG5 . sf]if{df ;dfj]z        latfpg vf]Hg], ;dofnfO{ glrGg] / ;xL           kfl/hftsf] …lz/Lifsf] km"nÚ, lj=kLsf]               ;+:s[lts]f hu]{gf ug]{ cleef/f af]s]sf xfld h:tf o'jfx? cfk'm nfO{ clzlIft /
ul/Psf ljifox? dfq cWoogsf nflu                 af6f]df glx8\g]x?nfO{ ultnf] lzIff k|bfg       …h]nhg{n / cfTdsyfÚ, nufotsf s[lt                   c;Eo x'g] 8/df cfdf nfO{ dd / afaf nfO{ 8\of8 eGg ?rfpF5f} . h'g cfˆgf]
k|ofKt x'Fb}gg\ . 1fg lj1fgsf af/]df            u/]sf 5g\ zfSon] . …;f]+rÚn] ;sf/fTds          pTs[i6 5g\ . oltdfq xf]Og ljZjk|l;4                 ;+:s[ltsf] dxTj a'em\g g;s]/ plAhPs]f las[lts]f pkh xf] . h;n] ubf{ g]kfnL
hfGg, a'em\g / hLjgdf kl/jt{g Nofpg                 +
                                                ;f]rsf] ljsf; u/fp5 eg] …vf]hÚn] ;kmn          ;flxTosf/x?sf cTofGt} rlr{t k':tsx?                 ;+:s[ltsf] ufnf /]6\g] sfd ul/ /x]sf 5f}+ .
kf7\oqmdeGbf aflx/sf ljifoj:t'sf] 1fg           pBdL aGg l;sfp5 .                              ;s] ;Dd k9\g'k5{ . c+u|]hL efiffdf bIftf                           o;/L cfw'lgstfsf] gfddf ljb]lz k|efj kg'{ Hofb} b'Mv nfUbf] s'/f xf] .
x'g klg plQs} cfjZos 5 . k9\g' eg]sf]                       @)^& ;fnsf] dbg k'/:sf/            ePsfx?n] c+u|]hL efiffsf d"n s[lt g}                b]zsf] uf}/ado O{ltxf; nfO{ a]jf:tf ul/ cf]hk'0f{ ;+:s[lts]f ;+/If0f / ;Da{bg
cfkm"nfO{ ?kfGt/0f ug'{ xf], ;+;f/df ;+3if{     k|fKt …hLjg sfF8f ls km"nÚ eGg] k':ts          k9\bf /fd|f] x'G5 .                                             ]
                                                                                                                                                   ug{ 5f]8/ lths]f d]nfdf ¥ofk lut ufpg' ,b]plF ; v]Ng hfFbf 8«d ;]6 ahfpg',ljafxdf
u/]/ afFRg l;Sg' xf] . k|]/0ffbfoL k':ts        k9]kl5 hlt;'s} sdhf]/ / ckfË dfG5]df                        6]lnlehg, /]l8of] Pkm=Pd /             k~r] afhf ahfpg 5f]8]/ Aof08 afhf ahfpg' , ljxfg a]n'sf s] vfg] ;d:of x'Fbf
tyf dxfg\ JolQmx?sf ;+3if{k"0f{ hLjgn]          klg ;+3if{ u¥of] eg] h] klg ug{ ;lsG5          kqklqsf 1fg lj1fg tyf ;"rgfsf ;|f]t                 x'Fb} csf{n] u/]sf] t8s e8s b]v]/ qm[0f u/]/ eP klg ef]h et]/ ug'{ eg]s]f g]kfnL
xfdLnfO{ Tof] kf7 l;sfpg ;S5g\ .                eGg] cfTdljZjf; l;h{gf u5{ . lx88'n            x'g\ . tL dfWofdaf6 h;n h:tf] rfxG5                 ;+:s[lt dfly 7'nf] / 8/ nfUbf] k|Zg lrGg p7fpg' xf] . To;}n] o:tf k|sf/sf]
lstfjsf] ls/f] x'g' / sf]/f lstfjL 1fg          ug{ / af]Ng g;Sg], xft grNg] emds              To:t} ljifoj:t' k|fKt u5{ . ljleGg                  kmf];f]| zfg, cf8Da/ ,;+sl' rt :jfy{, cb'/blz{tf lja]slxgtfsf] sf/0f xfd|f] ;+:s[ltdf
dfq x'g' t/ Jofjxfl/s 1fg / ;+;f/nfO{           l3ld/] :s'nsf] d'v} gb]lv k|l;4 n]vs           sfo{qmd / ljifoj:t'x? dWo] 5gf]6 u/L                ljb]zL k|efj al9/x]sf] 5 .
x]g]{ / a'em\g] ;xL b[li6sf]0f gx'g' eg]sf]     algg\ / ljZjd} pbfx/0fLo alg\g . pgn]          /fd|f / pkof]uL s'/f u|x0f ug{ ;Sg'k5{ .                            To;}n] xfd|f] c1fgtf / clzIffn] ubf{ xfd|f] ;+:s[lt lj:tf/ lj:tf/
gk9\g' eGbf w]/} a]7Ls xf] . kf7\ok':tsx?       v'§fn] n]lV5g\ pgsf] hLjgL k9\bf hf]           oL dfWofdx?df ;j} s'/f dxTjk"0f{ /                  knfPg dfu{ tkm{ nflu /x]sf] 5 . ef}lts ;+:s[lt dfly ljb]lz k|efj kg'{ g/fd|f] xfO{g
k|df0f kq k|fKt ug{sf nflu k9\g} kg]{           ;'s}sf cfFvf /;fpF5g\ .                        plQs} pkof]uL x'bgg\ . ljz]if u/L cfhsf
                                                                                                                   F}                              t/ cef}lts ;+:s[lt dfly ljb]lz k|efj a9\g' eg]sf] g]kfnL ;+:s[lt dfly k|Zg lrGg
x'G5, oBkL ToxfF 1fg k|fKt gx'g] rfFlx                      ;fgf–gfgLx?nfO{ k':ts k9\g]        o'jf k':tf kqklqsf xftdf k¥of] eg]                  p7\g g;Snf eGg ;lsGg . o;/L cef}lts ;+:s[lt dfly ljb]lz k|efj kgf{n] /fi6«sf
xf]Og t/ aflx/L 1fg k|df0fkq k|fKt ug{          afgLsf] ljsf; ug{ tyf lzIffsf] pHofn]          dgf]/~hgk"0f{ ljifoj:t' ePsf] k[i7d}                nflu b'efUo k'0f{ g} dfGg ;lsG5 . To;}n] s'g v/fa ,s'g c;n eGg] af/] tkfO{ xfld
geP/ hLjgnfO{ abNg pkof]uL x'G5 .               3fdaf6 alGrt ePsfx?nfO{ k':tsfno               cfFvf bf}8fp5g\ . lx/f] lx/f]Ogn] ljleGg            ;a}n] ljrf/ ug'{ k5{ . c;n ;+:s[lt nfO{ arfO{ /fVg' xfld ;a}sf] st{Ao xf] .
k':tsdf u/]sf] nufgL v]/ hfFb}g . xfdL          / ljBfno :yfkgf ub} { cljsl;t                  kf]hdf b]vfPsf gfËf t:jL/ x]5{g / k|]d              ;+:s[lts]f hu]gf{ xfld ;a}n] u/]df g]kfn ;+:s[lts b[li6n] wgL eGg pkflw cfhsf
!)) ?k}ofFsf] k':ts lsGg'kbf{ k'k'{/f]          b] z x?df lx8\ g ] hf] 8 p8n] n] v ] s f]      syf k9\5g\ . To:tf ljifoj:t'n] vf;}                 lk+l9n] dfq geP/ ef]lnsf lkl9+nfO{ uf}/asf] ljifo aGg ;S5 . To;}n] g]kfnL
                                                                                               kmfObf ub}{gg\ . ;d;fdlos ;dfrf/,                   ;+:s[lt arfO{ /fVg' xfld ;a}sf] st{Ao xf] / xfld ;a}sf] klxrfg klg olx g} xf] .
   o; ;fKtflxsdf k|sflzt s'g} klg ;fdfu|L jf                                                   1fg lj1fgsf s'/f, x]g'{k5{ . lbgdf Pp6f
  ;d;fdlos ljifo k|lt tkfO{sf s'g} l6Kk0fL 5g\                                                 dfq ePklg n]v k9\g] afgL a;fnf}+ .
                                                                                               l;l/on / uLt dfq xf]Og ;dfrf/ /                                           hfgL /fv] /fd|f]
 eg] xfdLnfO{ n]lv k7fpg'xf];\ . ;fy} o; c+s b]lv                                              1fg lj1fgsf s'/f klg ;'Gg] / x]g]{ afgL
                                                                                               a;fnf}+ . lstfj k9\bf af]/ lkmlnË u/]/
                                                                                                                                                   ;]jf s]Gb| s] xf] < oxfF s] s] ;]jf k|fKt ug{ ;lsG5 <
                                                                                                                                                   ;]jf s]Gb| M ;/sf/n] :yfkgf u/]sf] 3/]n' lx+;fjf6 kLl8tx?sf] nflu cKnsflng
  kf7s rf}rf/L :tDe z'? ePsf]n] ;d;fdlos                                                       xf]Og l/NofS; lkmlnË u/]/ k9f}+ . lstfj
                                                                                               k9\bf dxTjk"0f{ ljifoj:t'nfo{ cG8/nfOg
                                                                                                                                                   cf>o:yn xf] .
                                                                                                                                                   :jLs[lt lnO{ s'g} ;+:yfn] ;]jf s]Gb|sf] :yfkgf / ;~rfng ug{ ;Sb5g\ .
  ljifodf pTs[i7 n]v k7fO{ lbg' x'g cg'/f]w 5 .                                                ub}{ kl9of] eg] cem k|efjsf/L x'G5 .                k| f Kt ug{ ;Sg] ;' l jwfx?
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                                juL{st lj1fkg                                                                                                      – cfly{s ;xfotf -k'gld{ng / k'g:yf{kgfsf] nflu_
                                                                                                                                                   kLl8tnfO{ k| b fg ul/g] ;] j f / ;' l jwf
                                                                                                                                                   – kLl8tsf] ;'/Iffsf] nflu cbfntn] cGtl/d ;+/If0ffTds cfb]z hf/L ug{ ;Sg] .
                                                                                                                                                   – lk8saf6 Ifltk"lt{ k|fKt ug{ ;Sg] .
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       ;Dks{ ug{xf];\                                lj1fkgsf nflu                               km\ofN; lk|G6                                     – kLl8tnfO{ ;]jf s]Gb|df a:g] ;'ljwf k|fKt ug{ ;Sg] .
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  u'0f:tl/o cl8of], leHjn 8s'd]lG6«             /fli6« o , If] l qo, :yfgLo ;~rf/              /+lug sn/df xf]l8Ëjf]8,{ ;fO{g jf]8,{ kmf]6f] tyf
  lgdf{0fsf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Dks{                 dfWodx?df lj1fkg k|sfzg tyf k|;f/              gDj/ Kn]6 nufotsf ;]jf pknAw 5 .                                3/3/sf] cfjfh, dg dgsf] cfjfh
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                                                  Youth Media Development                                 Print
                                                                                                     Bijuwar, Pyuthan
                                                                                                                                                   Ko"7fg Pkm=Pd= (@ d]ufxh{df ;"rgf, 1fgj4{s /
                                                        Center, Nepal
   (*$&*@)#!(, (*$&*&&&#)                         Ph. : 9847839009, 9847877730                     Phone : 086-460464                              dgf]/~hgfTds sfo{qmdx? ;'Gg ge"nf}+ .
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                               @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @! ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                        &

                                     ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ng /
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Ko"7fgsf] 6fpg Knflgª / lemd?s kmf“6 g]kfnsf] z}lIfs cj:yf
              …g]kfn Ps s[lif k|wfg b]z       hldg /fi6«e/L km}lnPsf] zx/Ls/0f,                          lu/ axfb'/ e08f/L
xf]Ú of] egfO{ lj:tf/} sdhf]/L x'Fb} uPsf]    j:tLljsf; cyjf 6fpg Knflgªn] 5'Fb}                                                                                                                           ljgf]b e08f/L
5 . o; egfO{nfO{ k'li6 ug{] y'k|} cfwf/x?     uPsf] 5 . Ko"7fgL j'l4lhjL tyf g]tfx?sf]      h:t} /ftfdf6f, ljhogu/sf] 8fF 8 f] ,                      g]kfn Pp6f e"kl/j]i6Lt b]z xf] . oxfF ljleGg hft hfltx?, wd{, j0f{,
tof/ x' F b } 5 g\ . cfh ljZj j} 1 flgs       zx/ knfog tyf lhNnf k| l tsf]                 OGb|]8f8f, u]u|f b]lv afUb'nf ;Dd /x]sf]      lnËsf dflg;x? a;f]jf; u5{g\ . ljZjdf rln/x]sf] z}lIfs cj:yf, /fhg}lts
tslgsL tkm{ Plss[t x'Fb}5 . hLjgsf            pbfl;gtfsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ s]xL bzsdf           ;8ssf] dflyNnf] k§L, afUb'nf kf/L j8/f,       cj:yf, cfly{s cj:yf / ef}uf]lns cj:yf dWojf6 x]bf{ z}lIfs cj:yf ljsf;l;n
x/ kf6fnfO{ lj1fg k|ljlw tyf o;sf             g} of] v] t L of] U o hldg qmªs' 6 sf]        yfkf8fF8f, sfsL{8fF8f, a8\8fF8f, j'9frf}/     5 . /fhgLlts cj:yfnfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] g]kfn Ps e"kl/j]li6s b]z ljsf;l;n b]z
pkhx?n] 5f]Psf 5g\ . o;sf] d'Vo               u'Nhfodfg j:tL h?/ aGg] 5 . ;–                cflb 7fFp hUuf Knflgªstf{x?, :yfgLo           ePkgL g]kfnsf /fhgLlts bnx?n] ;lx /fhgLlt u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5}g\ . To:t} oL
kl/0ffd eg]sf] zx/Ls/0f . lxhf]sf ;'Gb/       ;fgf] /f]huf/, 5f]/f 5f]/Lsf nflu z}lIfs      lgsfo, lhNnf ljsf;, gu/ljsf; cflb             ;j} ;d:o} ;d:ofjf6 jf 4G4fTds, ljs/fn la;d kl/:yLltjf6 u'h|]sf] d"n'sdf
ufFpx? cfh z'Go x'Fb}5g\ . ufFp3/sf           ;'ljwf, :jf:Yo ;'ljwf / lbglbg} b]vf          / hg:t/sf] ;+ o ' Q m ;xefuLtfdf              z}lIfs tyf cfd lasf;sf] lglDt jfws sf] xf] ;lx lgrf]6jf6 lasl;t aGg
6f7faf7f zx/ k:g] qmd b|'t ?kdf cl3           kb[} uPsf ef}lts ;'v ;'ljwf k|lt df]x         afFsL/x]sf l/Qf kfvfx?df Joj:yLt j:tL         ;s]sf] 5}g\ . To:t} ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ng cem} rls{g] cj:yf / ljutsf] ;Dk"0f{
a9]sf] a9\o} 5 . u|fld0f :t/df /x]sf          ;j}df x'G5 / x'g' klg h?/L 5 . xfd|f]         ljsf; tyf 6fpg Knflgª u/]df v]tL              cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;Dlemg] xf] eg] ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ng g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts kl/jt{gsf]
;'Gb/ kfvfkv]/fx? cfh lghg aGg] qmd           8fF8fkfvfx? dfyL pNn]lvt s'/fx?af6            of]Uo kmfF6df kl/>d u/L y'k|} s[lif           af3sf] ?kdf z;Qm 9+un] :yflkt ePsf] 5 . o;n] b]zsf] z}lIfs ljs[tLsf]
hf/L 5 . hj u|fld0f txsf dfG5]x?              alGrt 5g\ . ToxfF s'g} hf]l;nf hful/nf        pTkfbg a9fpgsf ;fy} eljiodf cfOkg{]           lj?4df dfq geO{ ;du| g]kfnL hgtfsf] / g]kfnL ljBfyL{x?sf] kIfdf p7fpg'kg]{
zx/ k:5g\ tj u|fld0f :t/df pTkfbg             o'jfx? 5}gg\ . pgLx? /f]huf/Lsf nflu          k|b'if0f / o;sf] k|efjaf6 hf]lug ;lsg]        Ph]G8fx? ;lxt hxflgof/f0ffzf;g, a+zfjnL zfxf;f;g ;fdflhs kmfl;jfbL
x'g] s[lif pkhsf] cf;f ug{' klg ;lsb}g        ljb]z knfog x'g' kg{] afWotf 5 . w]/}         ;Defjgf 5 . xf], xfdLx?n] xfd|f] ;DklQ        ljs[tL lj;+utL la?4 n8\b} @)^@÷)^# zflGtk"0f{ hg cfGbf]ngdf lg/ª\s';tf
. ljs/fn ?kdf v8f ePsf] z}lIfs                h;f] u[x0fLx? cfkm\gf 5f]/f 5f]/L k9fpg       h;/L klg k|of]u ug{ ;S5f}+ of] xfd|f]         ;Fu} lx+;fk"0f{ /fhgLltsf] cGTo e|i6frf/sf] lj?4df u/]sf] cfGbf]ngdf jf:tjd}
j]/f]huf/Lsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ u|fld0f o'jfx?     ahf/df 3/ 38]/L lsg]/ jf jxfndf               df}lns clwsf/ xf] t/ xfdL /fHosf              g]kfnL ljBfyL{x?sf] g]t[TjbfoL e"ldsf /x]sf] s'/f xfdLnfO{ yfFxfg} 5 . g]kfndf
j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf nflu ljb]z tkm{ hfg'       lnO{ ;'ljwf o'Qm jf]l8{ª :s'ndf k9fpgsf       hgtf xf}+ / /fHosf] gLlt lgod dfGg            zfGtL sfod ug{ ;+l3o nf]stflGqs u0ftGq :yfkgfy{ ;+ljwfg ;efsf] lgjf{rg4f/f
kg{] afWotf 5 . h;n] ubf{ pxfFx?df            nflu a;L/x]sf 5g\ . ufFp3/df a'9fa'9L         xfd|f] st{Jo xf] o;sf/0f /fHo kIfaf6          ;+ljwfgsf] lgjf{rg eO{ u0ftGq g]kfn :yfkgf eO{ s]xL dfqfdf zfGt ag]sf]
ufFpk|lt x'g] pbfl;gtf / ahf/ tyf             /f]uL, s]xL u[x0fL / lemgf] dfqfdf o'jf       j:tL ljsf;sf nflu pbfl;gtf b]vfpg'            kfOG5 . ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ngsf] ;di6L s'/f ug{kg]{ x'G5 . g]kfnsf] cfGbf]ngdf z}lIfs
zx/ cfqmd0f a9\g] u/]sf] 5 . j}b]lzs          o'jtL b]Vg kfOG5 . h:n] ubf{ s[lif            ;f/} b'Mv nfUbf] ljifo xf] . Pp6f dfG5]       cfGbf]ng xf];, k]6«f]lnod kbfy{sf] d"No j[l4sf] cfGbf]ng, oftfoftdf krf;
/f]huf/Laf6 cfpg] /sd pgL ufFpkfvf]df         pTkfbg 36\g' :jefljs} xf] ;fy} u|fld0f        :jtGq k|f0fL xf], p;n] cfkm\gf] OR5f          k|ltzt ;}lnot dfusf] cfGbf]ng xf];, ljleGg ljsl;t ?ksf] cfGbf]ngxf];,
nufgL ug{ rfb} g g\ / cfkm\ g f               efiff tyf ;+:s[lt klg ;+s6df kg{' klg         cg';f/ vfg nufpg, jf]Ng kfp5 t/               ljutdf ePsf] h'g;'s} cfGbf]ngdf klg ljBfyL{sf] g]t[TjbfoL e"ldsf /x]sf] kfOG5
afnaflnsfx?nfO{ j]/f]huf/Lsf] lzsf/           oyf{t xf] .                                   p;sf lqmofsnfkn] cGo JolQm tyf                . jf:tjdf ljBfyL{sf] nflu x[bosf] s'/ft 5n{Ë eP/ cfp5ls lautb]lv clxNo;Dd
u/fpg ufFpdf n]vk9 u/fpg rfxfb}gg\                         Ko" 7 fg lhNnfsf] ;du|           ;Dk'0f{ ;dfhnfO{ c;/ kfg{' x'Fb}g eg]         hlt;'s} hxf;'s} h:tf cfGbf]ngxf]; lt cfGbf]ngx?df ljBfyL{{nfO{ /fHon] jf
/ yf]/} / ;fgf] /sd ePtf klg ahf/             ljsf;sf nflu u'?of]hgf kSsf klg ag]sf]        em} cfkm\gf] OR5f cg';f/ cfkm\gf] gfdsf]      ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfon] cl3;fg]{ / Tof] cfGbf]ng ;kmntfsf ;fy :jfy{ lng] t/
glhs jf zx/sf] 5]p5fpdf af; agfpg]            x''g'k5{ t/ u'?of]hgf b/fhdf yGsfpg'          ;DklQnfO{ h] ;'s} / h:tf] ;'s} ?kdf           cfGbf]ng ug{ ljBfyL{ 3fOt] jGg] ljBfyL{ klxn] zlxb aGg] ljBfyL{ ;kmntfdf
rfxfgf a9\g' :jefljs} xf] . ufFp knfog        xfd|f] /fhgLlts bn tyf ;dfh;]jL,              h'g ;'s} k|of]hgsf nflu k|of]u ug{ kfpg'      Nofpg] ljBfyL{ t/ cfkm\gf] dfu / xs clwsf/ ;'lgZrt ug]{ s'/fdf / xs clwsf/
/ ahf/d' v L sf/0fn] u| f ld0f s[ l if        a'l4lhjLx?sf] dxfg\ d'v{tf xf] . kSsf         k5{ eGg' klg t /fHodf j:g] gful/ssf]          lbg] s'/fdf ;j}eGbf t'R5 kfg]{ / ;j}eGbf lkl8t klg eP/} ljBfyL{ olx d"NofÍg
pTkfbsTjdf dfq ge} efiff, snf, ;+:s[lt        klg pQm u'?of]hgfdf j:tL lgwf{/0f,            u}/ lhDd]jf/L s'/f xf] . o;sf/0f ;DjlGwt      ug{ ;lsG5 ls g]kfnsf] z}lIfs cj:yf lasf;df k|Zg lrGx v8f x'G5 .
cflbdf klg k|ToIf c;/ kb{5 . o;/L             v]nd}bfg, kfs{, ljBfno, dxfljBfno,            kIfn] Ifl0fs :jfy{ cyjf cfkm'd/] =======                  To:t} lzIff Pp6f ;fdflhs kl/jt{g ;+u;+u} JolQmTj lgdf{0fdf 1fgsf]
zx/Ls/0faf6 xfd|f] ;'Gb/ Ko"7fg klg           wfld{s :yn, ko{6g :yn cflbsf] lgwf{/0f        /fhf eGg] ;f]rfO{ TofuL cfo>f]tsf y'k|}       e08f/ xf] . lzIffljgf JolQmTj, g]t[Tj ;du| ;dfh b]z kl/jt{g k|ult pGgtLsf]
c5'tf] /x]sf] 5}g\ .                          ePsf] 5 . /fhg}lts bn tyf ;dfh;]jL            ljsNk vf]Hg' / cfkm\gf] b]zsf], lhNnfsf]      kl/sNkgf ug{ klg d'v{tf x'G5 . lzIff hLjg ;+u t'ngf ug'{k5{ hLjg lhpgsf]
              Ko"7fg Pp6f kxf8L lhNnf         j' l 4lhjLx?sf] ;+ o ' Q m e] n f u/fO{       / ;dfhsf] ;DkbfnfO{ hf] u fO/fVg'             nflu lZfIff x'g' pQd dflgG5 . lzIff lagf hLjg rNg / rnfpg ;lsb}g To:t}
ePtf klg o; lhNnf leq lemd?s                  hg:t/df u' ? of] h gf / u' ? of] h gfsf]      dxTjk'0f{ s'/f x'g cfFp5 .                    lzIff Pp6f cleGg cËsf] ?kdf kl/lrt ePs} a]nf g]kfnsf] z}lIfs cj:yfnfO{
gbLaf6 l;+lrt ;'Gb/ kmfF6x? 5g\ .             b' / ufdL kl/0ffdsf] jf/] d f hfgsf/L                     sfd s' / f] glju| b } ;f] R g'    ljlew sf]0f tyf rrf{ kl/rrf{sf] ?kdf x]g]{ ul/G5 . Pp6ft u'0f:t/Lo csf]{
df8Lsf cf;kf;sf ;dtn e' efu 5g\               u/fOPdf xfdL xfd|f] ;Dkbfsf] /Iffsf           j'l4dfgL x'G5 . …lk;fj u/L klg ;s]+ b}nf]     k|fljlws tyf j}1flgs lzIffsf] s'/f cfp5 . clxn]sf] o"udf lzIff j}1flgs /
. h;sf] JofVof oxfF y'k|} n]vs, ;h{s,         nflu nflu kg{] lyof}+ . Pp6f sf]7fdf          klg b]v]Ú eGg' eGbf xfd|f] ;'Gb/ v]tL         k|fljlws x'g' h?/L 5 . lsgsL of] j}1flgs o"udf dflg;x? k|ToIf lzIff cfh{g
g]tf tyf bfz{gLsx?sf] n]vdf kfpg              s]xL ;dosf nflu hfuL/sf qmddf                 of]Uo hldgnfO{ lr/f lr/f kf/L, Knl6ª          u/L k|ToIf nfe lng rfxfG5 . kSs}kgL Jojxfl/s ?kdf cfh{gu/L k|ToIf nfelng]
;lsG5 . vf;u/L g] k fndf jl/i7                cfPsf sfof{no k|d'vx? ljsf;] ;+3                                             F F
                                                                                            u/L @÷$ k};f sdfpg' /fd|f] x'bf x'b} klg      vfnsf] tTsfn cfe lng] vfnsf] lzIff eof] eg] lzIffdf ePsf] s]xL kl/jt{g
afdkGyL g]tf s=df]xg ljqmd l;+xn] cfkm'       ;:yfx?sf] k| l tlglwx?sf] ukm /               lb3{sfnLg ?kdf h}ljs kof{j/0fnfO{             dfGg ;lsG5 . t/ To;f] geP/ g]kfnsf] cfGbf]ng ;+u;+u} lzIff l7s pN6f] ?kdf
h]ndf /xFbf n]v]sf] v08sfJo …lemd?s           /fhgLlts bnsf cj;/jfbL s'/fx?n]               hf]ufO{ /fVg / ljz]if u'?of]hgfsf] jf/]df     ;~rfng JofVof ljZn]if0f / pN6f] k|s[ltsf] lzIffdf nufgL ePsf] kfOG5 . / s]xL
gbL / lrj] r /f] s f] syfÚdf Psbd             ubf{ xfd|f] lhNnfn] of] lgolt ef]Ug' k/]sf]   hg:t/, ;d'bfo / ljleGg ;/f]sf/jfnf            kl/jt{g ePsf] kfOb}g . ljBfyL{sf] cfGbf]ngn] k6s–k6s z}lIfs u'0f:t/ j[l4
snfTds ?kdf /fhg}lts efiffdf k|:t't           5 . h;sf] tfhf pbfx/0f ev{/ dfq               ;+3;:yf ;Dd 5nkmn u/fpg' kmnbfoL              dfusf] ;+s]t b]vfPsf] x'G5 t/ Tof] klg l7s pN6f] kfOG5 . To;}n] ljBfyL{
ug{' ePsf] 5 . pQm v08 sfJo k9\g]             g] k fn ;/sf/af6 3f] i f0ff ePsf]             b]lvG5 . xfdL kfvf kv]/fjf;L t ;'Mv           cfGbf]ng ;b}j hf/L g} /xg] ;b}j z}lIfs dfdnf ljsf;sf] dfdnfdf cfGbf]ng
g]kfnL jf cGo dfG5]sf] dgdf Ko"7fg /          gu/kflnsfsf] s'/f . /fhgLlts bnx?sf           ;'ljwf k|lt nfnfot g} 5f}+ . xfd|f] OR5f      rls{g] ;+s]t kfOPsf] 5 .
lemd?ssf kmfF 6 s:tf] xf] n f eGg]            nfuL ef]6sf] k|efj, ljsf;] ;3;:Yffsf          cfsf+Iffx?nfO{ ;:tf] tyf ;'ne ?kdf                        g]kfndf z}lIfs If]qdf nufgL ug]{ kl/kf6L k/Dk/fut /x]sf] 5 . nufgL
sf}t'xntf a9]sf] kfOG5 . hf] sf]xL            nflu ukmsf] ynf], ;DjlGwt lgsfosf]            kfpg ;s] xfd|f y'k}| bfh'efOx? cfkm\gf]       zJbn] s]jn cfly{s nufgLnfO{ dfq k|ltlglwTj ub}{g o;n] ;/sf/sf] lzIff If]q
gjcfuGt's hj r]/g]6f glhs cfFp5               sd{rf/Lsf] nflu ;?jf, a9'jf, r6sL             k|lts'nsf] xfjfkfgL ePsf] / cGhfg             k|ultsf] b[li6sf]0f, gofF–gofF cjwf/0ffsf] k|of]u dfgj ;+;fwg pTkfbg tyf
p:n] sNkgf g} gu/]sf] Ko"7fg b]V5 hxfF        cflbsf] k|efj kqsf/ n]vs kqsf/sf              ;dfhdf u} ljno x'gaf6 hf]ufpg ;Sg]            z}lIfs nufgLsf ljleGg :j?kx? tyf o;sf k|ltkmnsf] rf;f]nfO{ ;d]t ;d]65 .
x/LofnL ;dtn kmfF 6 5 / kmfF 6 sf             nflu kqklqsfdf sfuh eg{] s'/f /               5f}+ . cfh xfdL g]kfnuh, a'6jn, bfª,          g]kfnsf] lzIff If]qdf ;/sf/sf] tkm{jf6 /sd ljlgof]hg x/]s jif{ ul/G5 . t/ Tof]
cf;kf;df /dl0fo j:tL tyf ahf/ 5g\             ;fdfGo hg:t/df cfsf;sf] kmn slxn]             slkna:t' cflb 7fFpdf Ko"7fgL eg]/             s;/L sxfF nufgL x'G5 lzIffrsdL{x?n] s]xL lzIffdf ljsf; ePsf] r;sf] klg
. dfly dNn/fgLsf] sfvdf ;b/d'sfd              emnf{ / l6kL vfpnf eGg] k|efj cflbsf]         lrlgg'sf] ;§f xfd|} hGd :yn Ko"7fgdf          kfOb}g . cGtdf g]kfnsf] z}lIfs cj:yf tyf ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ngdf hlt rf;f] k¥of]
Ko"7fg 5 t/ oxL ;dtn v]tL of]Uo               glthf xf] .                                   j;L cfkm\g} gftfuf]tf, Oi6ldq;Fu Ko"7fgL      plQs} 3'8f w:g] eg] h:t} g]kfnsf] z}lIfs cj:yfdf ljb]zL x:tIf]k kfOG5 To:t}
pj{ / hldg hxfF h' g ;dodf klg                             olb ;dodf g} a'l4 k'¥ofpg]       eP/ j:g ;Sbf ;Dk'0f{ Ko"7fgsf] ;du|           of] zJb t Pp6f k|f/De dfq} xf] cj g]kfnsf lkl8t, zf]lift, xs clwsf/jf6
lemd?ssf] kfgLn] l;+lrt hldg 5 of]            xf] g} eg] ahf/ glhssf kfvf j:tLx?            ljsf; x'g ;S5 .                               jlGrt u/fOPsf ljBfyL{x? z}lIfs k|utL j}1flgs vf]h cg';Gwfg Jojxfl/s
t' i ff/fdf ======                            hldg ;'Gtnf v]tLsf] nflu pko'Qm /x]sf]        kfl/jfl/s lhDd]jf/L nufotsf sf/0f
                                                                                                                                          lzIfftkm{ nufgL u/fpgsf nflu /fHonfO{ Wofgsif{0f kfg{sf nflu ;Dk"0f{ lzIff
                                              tYof+s 5 . tYof+sdf w]/} b]lvPklg             cl3 a9\g g;]s]sf] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] .
                                                                                                                                          k|]dL ljBfyL{x? cfd g]kfnLx? ;+3if{df plqg] jftfj/0f ;+u;+u} cfGbf]ng ;+u;+u}
jif{af6} kmNg] x'Fbf c? afnL eGbf o;af6                                                                                                   z}lIfs cj:yf ;'wfl/of] eg] g]kfn / g]kfnL ljBfyL{x? Ps lbg z'vb hLjg lhpg]
kmfObf x'g] pxfF atfpFg'x'gG5 .               pTkfbg Tof] dfqfdf gePsf] hfgsf/x?                       lhNnfdf s'g} klg k|sf/sf
                                              atfpF5g\ .
                                                                                                                                          / a]/f]huf/L d"Qm g]kfn aGg] / lasf;df 7"nf] km6\sf] dfg]{ 5 .
            t'iff/f–$ sf lul//fh l3ld/]                                                     dlxnf lx+;fsf 36gf eP dxLnf tyf                                               -n] v s cg] / f:jljo" Ko" 7 fgsf ;lrj x' g \ ._
o;kfnL ;'Gtnf /fd|f] gkmn]kl5 lg/fz                      lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{non]        jfnjfnlsf sfof{no, dlxnf ;xof]u
x'g'x'G5 . pxfFn] eGg'eof], …klxn] clt        jflif{s ks]6÷Kofs]h sfo{qmd cGt{ut            dGrdf ;Dks{ ug{ ;lsg] Aoj:yf                                            {
                                                                                                                                          ;xof]u ug{] bfjL ;d]t ug'eof] . kl5Nnf]        cfdhgtfsf] /fo ;'emfjsf nflu kmfu'g
l6Sg] ePklg of] jif{ /f]un] /fd|f] x'g        s[ifsx?nfO{ cg'bfgdf lj?jf, s[lif cf}hf/      ldnfPsf] 5 . lx+;f ePdf :yfgLo lgsfo                                ]
                                                                                                                                          ;dodf g]kfndf dw'dxsf lj/fdLx? a9\b}           @# ut]bl] v r}t !% ut];Dd k|rf/k|;f/
;s]g\ .Ú ut jif{ ;'Gtnfaf6 !%÷@)              nufotsf ;fdfg pknAw u/fpb} cfPsf]             cGt{ut uflj;sf] sfof{no, glhssf] k|x/L        uPsfn] s/fFt] v]nn] o:tf /f]u tyf              ug]{ / ;'emfj u|x0f ug]{ u/L sfo{tflnsf
xhf/ cfDbfgL ePklg o;jif{ Tolt w]/}           5 . To;}u/L tflnd, e|d0f ;d]t u/fpg]          rf}sL jf lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no, lhNNff          lj/fdLsf] ;+Vof 36fpgdf ;xof]u k'¥ofpg]        ljjfb ;dfwfg pk;ldltsf] a}7sn] k|:tfj
k};f gkg]{ ePsf]df pxfF lg/f; x'g'x'G5 .      u/]sf] clws[t >]i7n] atfpg'eof] .             cbfnt, u}/ ;/sf/L lgsfotkm{ ;fd'bflos         ePsf] eGb} v]nsf] ljsf; ug{ ;j}n]              u/]sf] xf] . hgdt ;+sng / ;dGjo
            #% jif{ cl3b]vL ;'Gtnf v]tL                                                     ;]jf s]Gb| vn+uf, dlxnf ;xof]u dGr,                       '
                                                                                                                                          ;xof]u ug{kg{] pFxfsf] egfO{ 5 .               ;ldltn] pQm cjlwdf cfPsf hgtfsf]
ub}{ cfpg'ePsf t'iff/f–# sf v'df lu/Lsf]      lx+ ; f ======                                ;xsf/L ;+:yf tyf kf/flnun sld6Lx?,                                                           /fo ;'emfj;DjlGw k|ltj]bg tof/ u/L
af/Ldf clxn] Pp6f dfq af]6 ar]sf] 5           lx+;fla?4 sfd ug]{ Ps bh{geGbf a9L            hgHof]tL ;fd'bflos ljsf; s]Gb| l6s'/L,        ;+ l jwfg ======                               ;+ljwfg;efdf k]; ug],{ ;efn] k|ltj]bgdfly
. …;j} ?v a"9f] eP/ ;lsof]Ú pxfFn] Ko"7fg     u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf sfo{/t /x]sf 5g\ .            sflnsf ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfn lah'jf/df                          +
                                                                                                                                          @% ut];Dd 6'uf] nufpg] / /fHo k'gM ;+/rgf;Fu   5nkmn ug]{ / ;+j}wflgs ;ldltnfO{
;dfrf/;Fu eGg'eof], …d klg a'9f] eP,          dlxnfsf nflu sfd ug]{ ;/sf/L lgsfo            ;Dks{ ug{ ;lsg] Aoj:yf ldnfPsf] 5 .           ;DjlGwt ljifoafx]ssf cGo ljifosf] klxnf]       d:of}bf kl/dfh{g ug{ r}t !^ b]lv
?v klg a"9f] eof] .Ú ;'Gtnf v]tLaf6           dlxnf tyf afnjfnLsf sfof{ n osf]                                                            d:of}bf k'; @^ b]lv df3 !% ut];Dd tof/         d;fGt;Dd ;+ljwfg;efn] lgb]{zg lbg]
…ug{ ;s]Ú /fd|f] kmfObf x'g] pxfFsf] cg'ej    k¥ofKt ;dGjosf] cefjn] pNn]Vo sfd             s/f“ t ] s f] ======                          ug]{ sfo{tflnsf agfPsf] 5 .                    sfo{tflnsfdf pNn]v 5 .
5 . gofF lk9Ln] v]tLkftL lt/ Wofg glbFbf      x'g g;s]sf] u}/ ;/sf/L ;+:yfx?n] l6Kk0fL      ljh'jf/ Ko"7fgsf] ;efxndf ePsf] lyof]                      b'O{ dlxgfsf] sfo{cjlw /x]sf]                                     {
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgb]zgadf]lhd
lj:tf/} t'iff/fdf ;'Gtnf nf]k x'g] pxfFnfO{   u/]sf 5g\ . dlxnf tyf afnjfnLsf               . k|ltof]lutfsf] pb\3f6g ;qdf af]Ng]          /fHo k'gM;+/rgf cfof]un] ;/sf/nfO{ k];             }
                                                                                                                                                                                         ;+jwflgs ;ldltn] klxnf] d:of}bf kl/dfh{g
8/ 5 . pxfFn] eGg'eof], …;'Gtnf x'g]          sfof{non] ljleGg cGt/fli6«o ;+3;+:yfsf]       jQfx?n] v] n s' b If] q df /fhgLlts           ug]{ k|ltj]bg ;/sf/n] df3 !% ut];Dd            u/L ;+ljwfgsf] ljB]os tof/ ug]{ / ;efdf
7fpF k|;:t 5, t/ sfd ug]{ sf]lx 5}gg\,        cfly{s ;xof]udf dlxnf lx+;f la?4              x:tIf]k x'Fbf o;sf] ljsf; x'g g;s]sf]         ;+ljwfg;efdf k]; ug]{ tyf ;f] cfof]usf]        cfufdL @)^( j}zfv ! b]lv & ut];Dd k];
o'jfx? ljb]z tfS5g\, xfdL a'9f eof}+ .Ú       cleofg ;DalGw w]/} sfo{qmd ;+rfng u/]sf]      atfPsf lyP . ;/sf/ kl/jt{g;Fu} lhNnf          ;'emfj;d]tsf cfwf/df ;+ljwfg;efsf]             ug]{ k|:tfj ul/Psf] 5 . ;+ljwfgsf] ljB]os
            lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no         ePklg lbjz / l;dLt sfo{qmdafx]s cGo           lhNnfdf /x] s f v] n s' b ;ldltsf             /fHo k'gM ;+/rgf ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bgnfO{         ;b:onfO{ ljt/0f ug],{ ;b:on] cf cfkm\gf
Ko" 7 fgsf cg' ; f/ lhNnfsf] t' i ff/f,       lgoldt sfo{qmdx? k|efjsf/L x'g g;s]sf]        kbflwsf/L ;d]t kl/jt{g x'g] ePsfn]            df3 d;fGtleq clGtd ?k lbg] u/L                 ;+zf]wg k]; ug],{ ;efdf ;+zf]wg;d]t wf/fut
:ju{ 4 f/L vfn, tf] / jfª, cf] v /sf] 6 ,     pgLx?sf] u'gf;f] 5 .                          u|fld0f :t/df v]ns'bsf] ljsf; x'g             /fhgLlts bnx?n] ;+ l jwfgn] v gsf]             5nkmn u/L k|:tfjgf ;lxt k|To]s wf/f
aflbsf]6, afË]d/f]7 uflj; ;'Gtnf v]tLsf                    lhNNffdf ahf/ If] q sf           g;s]sf] pgLx?sf] egfO{ lyof] . sfo{qmdsf      sfo{tflnsf tof/ kf/]sf lyP .                   kfl/t ug]{ ;do j}zfv * b]lv h]7 &
nflu /fd|f] If]q dflgG5 . af]6 k'/fgf],       dlxnfx?sf] t' n gfdf u| f dL0f If] q sf       ;xefuLx?n] v]nsf] ljsf;sf nflu /                           ;+j}wflgs ;ldltn] /fHo k'gM       ut];Dd k|:tfj ul/Psf] 5 .
dn g/fVg], sf65fF6 gug]{ x'Fbf pTkfbg         dlxnfx? cF e m a9L lx+ ; fdf k/] s f]         v]nf8L k|fT;fxgsf nflu ;/sf/n] 7f];
                                                                                                       ]                                  ;+/rgf;Fu ;DalGwt ljifo;d]t ;d]6]/                         cfufdL h] 7 * b] l v !$
36\b} uPsf] s[lif ljsf; sfof{nosf             clwsf/sld{x?sf] egfO{ 5 . lx+;fdf             sfo{of]hgf ;lxt sfd gu/] ;Dd v]ns'bsf]        ;+ljwfgsf] klxnf] d:of}bf cfufdL kmfu'g        ut];Dd kfl/t ;+ljwfgdf ;a} ;b:on]
jfujfgL ljsf; clws[t a;Gt s'df/               lk;LP/ klg ;xg} kg]{ dlxnfx?sf] afWotf        ljsf; x'g g;Sg] atfPsf lyP .                  ! b]lv !% ut];Dd tof/ ug]{, kmfu'g             x:tfIf/ ug]{, cWoIfn] k|dfl0ft ug]{ /
>]i7n] atfpg'eof] .                           x'g] eGb} dlxnf ;xof]u dGrsL cWoIf                         sfo{qmddf af]Nb} ;+3sf s]lGb|o   @@ ut]leq klxnf] d:of}bfdfly ;efdf             /fi6«klt;dIf k]; u/L ;+ljwfg hf/L
            ut jif{sf] tYof+s cg';f/          kfj{tf cfrfo{n] o:tf cleofg ufpFufpF,         k|yd pkfWoIf x]d/fh cfrfo{n] v]ns'b           ;}4flGts 5nkmn u/L kfl/t ug]{ /                u/]sf] 3f]if0ff ug]{ ;dotflnsf k|:tfj
lhNnfsf] (% x]S6/ If]qaf6 * ;o !%             6f] n 6f] n df k' U g' cfj:os /x] s f]        o'jf ju{sf nflu dfq geP/ ;j} gful/ssf         /fhkqdf k|sflzt ug]{ sfo{tflnsf 5 .            ul/Psf] 5 . cfOtjf/ j;]sf] ;+j}wflgs
bzdnj % d]l6«s 6g ;'Gtnf pTkfbg               atfpg'eof] . cfrfo{n] u|fdL0f If]qsf          nflu ckl/xfo{ ePsf] atfpg'eof] . pFxfn]                    klxnf] d:of}bfaf/] ;+ljwfg;ef,    ;ldltsf] a}7sn] ;fdfGo ;+zf]wg u/]/
ePsf] lyof] . lhNnfdf b'O{ ;o !) x]S6/        dlxnfx?n] OR5f / rfxgf x'Fbfx'Fb} klg         v]ns'baf6 dflg;df :j:y x'g () k|ltzt          hgdt ;+sng / ;dGjo ;ldltn]                     k|:tfj kfl/t u/]sf] lyof] .
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ko"=lh=sf=b=g+= )#÷)%(÷^)
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                                        @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @! ut] a'wjf/                                                                              Ko"=lh=x'=sf=b=g+= )!÷)^^÷^&                *
                                                                                                                                                              :jR5 / Joj;flos kqsfl/tfsf] alnof] cfwf/
cgnfOg kqsfl/tf z'? x'g]                                                                             ljBfyL{nfO{ :jfut
                                                                                                                afUb' n f-Ko" ; ;_÷
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s] z / /f] s f÷-Ko" ; ;_
             Ko" 7 fg÷ a9\ b f]   ;+ r f/
                                            dfWodx? w]/} zx/ s]lGb|t x'g] ePsfn]
                                            df]km;naf6 cgnfOg kqsfl/tfn] cfkm\gf
                                                                                                    pRr dflj afUb'nf Ko"7fgdf sIff !!
                                                                                                    df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?nfO{ sIff !@
                                                                                                                                                                              :gfts txdf egf{ v'Nof]
dfWodsf] nf] s lk| o tf / k| l jlwsf]       ufFp–7fFpsf af/]df ljb]zdf /x]sf g]kfnLn]               sf ljBfyL{x?n] ;f]djf/ Ps sfo{qmdsf                               Ko"7fg lhNnfs} ;j}eGbf k'/fgf] / u'0f:t/Lo lzIff k|bfg ub}{
ljsf;;Fu} Ko"7fg lhNnfaf6 cgnfOg            yfxf kfpg ;Sg] pxfFn] ljZjf; JoQm                       jLr :jfut u/]sf 5g\ . sfo{qmddf                                                      '
                                                                                                                                                           cfPsf] o; :ju{4f/L ax'dvL SofDk;df # jif]{ lj=P8, lj=P, ljljP;
kqsfl/tf z'? x'g] ePsf] 5 . Ko"7fg          ug{'eof] .                                              k|d'v cltyL tyf ljBfnosf k|frfo{
lhNnfaf6 klxnf] k6s o'y ldl8of                          kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;' r gf                       u]x/fh zdf{n] ljBfyL{x?nfO{ cg'zfl;t                   k|yd jif{, Ps jif]{ ljP8 / Pd=P8 k|yd jif{df wdfwd egf{ ;+rfng e}
8] e nKd] G 6 ;] G 6/ g] k fnn] cgnfOg      k|ljlwdf lgSs} ljsf; ePsfn] To;;Fu                      / nuglzn eP/ cWoog ug{ cfu|x                           sIff ;+rfng ;d]t z'? e};s]sfn] OR5's ljBfyL{x?nfO{ oyfl;3| egf{
kqsfl/tfsf] z'?jft ug{ nfu]sf] xf] .        Ko"7fg lhNnfnfO{ hf]8\gsf nflu ;d]t                     ug'{eof] .                                             e} k7gkf7gdf ;xefuL x'g of] ;'rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] 5 .
             lhNnfsf u|fld0f If]qsf x/]s    cgnfOg kqsfl/tfsf] ljsf; ug{ nfluPsf]                               sfo{ q mddf 5fqf cd[ t f                   P] l R5s ljifox?M
ultljlwnfO{ b]zljb]zdf /x]sf g]kfnLx?       pxfFsf] egfO{ lyof] . cgnfOgdf ;dfrf/,                  clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftf, bfg axfb' /                        # jif]{ lj=P8 tkm{ M c+uhL, g]kfnL, ul0ft, lzIff, hg;+Vof / :jf:Yo
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jLr k' ¥ ofpgsf nflu cgnfOg                 l/kf]{6, ljrf/, dgf]/Ghg, snf ;+:s[lt,                  s] = ;Lsf] :jfut / dbg e08f/Ln]
kqsfl/tfsf] ljsf; ug{ nfu]sf] ;]G6/sf       tl:j/, v]ns'b nufPtsf ;fdfu|L /xg]                      ;+rfng ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf                                      ]|
                                                                                                                                                           lj=P tkm{ M c+uhL, g]kfnL, ul0ft, /fhlgtL zf:q, cy{zf:q, Oltxf; /
cWoIf ljhol;+ x ef/tLn] hfgsf/L             pxfFn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . o;nfO{ ljsf;                  ljljw ;f+ : s[ l ts sfo{ q md ;d] t                    u|fld0f ljsf;
lbg'eof] . pyuthansamachar.com              ub{} lhNnfaf6 k|sflzt kqklqsf tyf                       ;+rfng ul/Psf] lyof] .                                 ljljP; tkm{ M ;j} clgjfo{ ljifo
dfkm{t ;+;f/} e/L tfhf hfgsf/L kfpg         /]l8of] k|ToIf ;'Gg ;lsg] Joj:yf ;d]t                                    – sdn lj=s=÷Ko";;                                                ]|
                                                                                                                                                           Ps jif]{ lj=P8 tkm{ M c+uhL, g]kfnL, ul0ft, cy{zf:q / lzIff
;lsg] pxfF n ] atfpg' e of] . ;+ r f/       ldnfOg] ;]G6/n] hgfPsf] 5 .                                                                                    Pd=P8 tkm{ M z}lIfs of]hgf tyf Joj:yfkg, g]kfnL
            ljh'jf/ uflj;sf] h?/L ;"rgf
                                                                                                     Ko"7fg ;dfrf/                                                                                                 SofDk; k|d'v
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                                                                                                                                                                                                           :ju{åf/L ax'dvL SofDk;
                                                                                                     www.gulminews.com                                                                                        k'0ovf]nf ljh'jf/, Ko"7fg
          vfg]kfgL, :jf:Yo tyf ;/;kmfO{ ;dGjo ;ldlt ljh'jf/sf]
 j}7ssf] lg0f{o cg';f/ o; uflj;nfO{ v'nf lbzf d'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff ug]{                               df klg x]g,{ k9\g                                             ufl8 l/h{j, kmlg{r/ / :6]zg/L ;]jf
 cleofg cGt/ut uflj;df zf}rfno lgdf{0f gu/]sf 3/w'/Ln] olx d+l;/                                    / k|ltlqmof lbg                                                 ljjfx, lkslgs, e|d0f nufotsf nflu cTofw'lgs ;'ljwfo'Qm 6f6f
 d;fGt leq clgjfo{ ?kdf zf}rfno lgdf{0f ul/ of] cleofg ;kmn
 kfg{sf] nflu ;xof]u ul/lbg'x'g cg'/f]w 5 . tf]lsPsf] ;do leq                                           ;lsG5                                              ;f]d' pknAw 5 . xfdLsxf“ c8{/ adf]lhd sf7af6 lgld{t ;f]kmf;]6, kn·,
                                                                                                                                                           ;f]s];, s';L{, :6'n, afs;, rf}s;, kmn]ssf ;fy} 8]«l;·, 6]a'n, b/fh, l6=le=
                                                                                                                                                           s]z cflb ;'ky d'Nodf kfOG5 . ;fy} :6]zg/L, kqklqsf, kf7\ok':ts /
 zf}rfno lgdf{0f gu/] uflj;jf6 k|bfg ul/g] ;Dk"0f{ ;]jf ;'ljwfx?                                    slxn] ======                                           z}lIfs ;fdfu|Lsf] nflu ;Demfg'xf];\ .
 pknJw guf/O{g] Joxf]/f ;d]t hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . ;fy}+ To;jf6 kg{                                                 lzIfs l;+ h fnLn] u+ u fnfO{                                            k|f=] ;'o{ lj=s=
 uPsf] c;/ k|lt uflj;sf] sfof{no Ifdfk|fyL{ 5 .                                                     ue{ktg u/fpg elg kfNkfsf] Ps xf]6ndf
                                                                                                    5f8]/ j'6jndf bfh' e]6g uPsf] kLl8tn]
                                                                                                                               \                                        ljzfn kmlg{r/ pBf]u tyf ljzfn k':ts ;bg
                         3g]Gb| axfb'/ of]uL                                                        atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof], …kl5                                                ljh'jf/–^, Ko"7fg
                      uflj; ;lrj tyf ;+of]hs                                                        ue{ktg u/fpg kb{g, 3/df n}hfG5' eGb}
                                                                                                                       }                                         kmf]g M )*^–$^)!*)÷(*$&*@!!*)÷(*)($)@(%) -rfns s[i0f_
     vfg]kfgL :jf:Yo tyf ;/;kmfO{ ;dGjo ;ldlt ljh'jf/ Ko"7fg                                                               '
                                                                                                    3/tkm{ NofP / ;fF3/] le/af6 cfkm'nfO{
                                                                                                    vf]nfdf ws]lnlbP .Ú cfkm' kf}8/ afFRg
                                                                                                                                   ]                       tkfO{nfO{ sfof{no tyf 3/sf]7f ;hfj6 ;fdu|L rflxof] <
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                                                                                                    ;kmn ePsf] t/ lk7\odf /x]sL 5f]/LnfO{
                                                                                                    eg] jrfpg g;s]sf u+ufn] jtfpg'eof] .
                                                                                                                         ]                                          sf7 kmlg{r/, :l6n kmlg{r/, sfF6L sAhf, wf/fsf] lkml6ª ;fdu|L,
                                                                                                    To; 36gfsf] ^ dlxgfkl5 hGdLPsL                         ljleGg lsl;dsf /ª /f]ug, KnfO{p8, sfk]{6x?, Knfli6ssf efF8fx? d'leË
                                                                                                    pxfFsL 5f]/L clxn] !$ jif{sL l5g .                     lro/, sDKo"6/ 6]an tyf cGo sfof{no ;fdu|Lsf] nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
                                                                                                                                                                    em\ofn 9f]sfsf kNnf, rf}s;, ljleGg kmlg{r/ ;fdu|L c8{/ cg';f/
                                                                                                    kqsf/nfO{ ;Ddfg u/f}+                                  plrt d"Nodf pknAw u/fO{G5 .
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                                                                                                     Ko"7fgnfO{ alxisf/                                      vn+uf–%, Ko"7fg lhNnf jg sfof{no tn kf;f df]6/ kf6{;sf] 5]pdf
                                                                                                            u/f}+ .                                         d}n] vf]hsf] k;n oxf“ kf] /x]5 Û
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                                                                                                          …ko{6g, ;+:s[tL, ;'rgf /                        cfw'lgs l8hfOgsf u/uxgfx?, c8{/ cg';f/ tof/ ul/Psf uxgfx?,
                                                                                                            dgf]/~hgsf nfluÚ                              k'/fgf uxgfjf6 gofF uxgfx? ;f6km]/, rf8kj{sf] cj;/df ljz]if
                                                                                                         lhNnfs} klxnf] / ;jf{lws                         5'6sf ;fy ljlqm ljt/0f ug]{ ug]{ k;n oxfF kf] /x]5 .
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                                                                                                                                                                       u| f xssf] ;Gt' l i6, g} xfd| f ] rfxgf                k|f] M x]dGt ;'gf/
                                                                                                       s] l x ;' r gf, vj/, ;Gb] z /                          Go"           kfNkfnL                     ;' g             rf“ b L             k;n
                                                                                                     lj1fkg k| z f/0fsf nflu ;Dks{                                               cf] v /sf] 6 , dR5L ahf/ Ko" 7 fg
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        xf]n;]n k;n tyf
        dlg 6«fG;km/ vf]Hb}                   lk=s]= sDKo"6/ Nofj                                     s]=Pd=lz= lzN8 dlN6k|kf]h k|f=ln=
                                                                                                     ljh' j f/–$, Ko" 7 fg kmf] g M )*^–$^)##*
            x'g' x'G5 <                             vn+ u f, Ko" 7 fg
  kmf]g M )*^–$@)!!%, $@)@!% km\ofS; M )*^–$@)@&) df] M (*$&*@)!!%, (*%&*@!!!%
       ljh'jf/sf] nflu ;Dks{ M )*^–$^)@!% afUb'nfsf] nflu ;Dks{ M (*$&(*^!@!
                                                                                                     :jfledfg :jf:Yo cf/f] U o kmfd{ ] l ; Pj+ Kofyf] n f] l h Nofj
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                                                                                                     – g]r'/f]Kofly, of]uf, PSo'k|];/, Pnf]KofyL Pj+ cfo'j]{bLsåf/f pkrf/
 cj tkfO{sf] ahf/df ;a}eGbf ;:tf] / e/kbf]{ df]jfO{n                                                 – lj/fdL hfFr, pkrf/, ;Nnfx lbOg], kt~hln of]u lk7 :jfld /fd b]jsf ljleGg DVD, VCD x?sf] emns b]vfO{ of]u cf;g k|f0ffofdaf6 pkrf/
                                                                                                     ;Nnfx lbO{g] .
                                                                                                     – cN;/, Uofli6«s, hl08;, x]kf6fOl6; ;'u/, lkQ, kTy/L, chL0f{, slAhot, cflb .
                                            One Year Warranty                                                                                               +
                                                                                                     – Kof/fnfOl;; -x/ grNg]_, ;a} vfn] rd{/f]u -bfb, csf}t, :j/fl;;_ dlxnf ;DjGwL -k|b k|b/, afFemf]kg, lk;fj kf]Ng], dlxgfjf/L u9jl8_, /Qm ljsf/, dl:tis
                                                                                                                       ]                                             ]        ]                                                       {        +
                                                                                                     ljsf/, d[lu, dfOu|g, lkgf;_, dgf]ljsf/ -dfgl;s ;':ttf, xfO{ k|z/, nf] k|z/_, d'q ljsf/ -lj:tf/fdf lk;fj ug{,] wft' /f]u, of}g b'njtf, gk';stf of}g_ ;fy}
                                                                                                     a[4 dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfx?sf cg]sf}+ ;d:ofx?sf] e/kbf{] pkrf/, Kofyf]nf]lh ;]jf -/ut, lk;fj, vsf/, ljo{, ue{, /ut;d'x, h08L;, ;'u/, h'sf, of}g/f]u,
                                      ljleGg df] 8 ] n sf df] j fO{ n ljlqm tyf                      l6lj 6fOkmfO8, dn]l/of, x]kf6fO{l6;, lel/ËL, jfy/f]u, PrcfO{le, o'l/s Pl;8, 5fnf cflb kl/If0f ul/G5 .
                                                 dd{ t sf nflu                                       gf]6 M– ;'u/ kl/If0fdf 8fOj]l6h -;'u/sf_ lj/fldx?nfO{ !% k|ltzt 5'6sf] Joj:yf, ljBfyL{x?n] Kofyf]nf]lh kl/If0f u/]df !% k|ltzt 5'6sf] Joj:yf,
                                                                                                     lj/fdLx?n] ;Dks{4f/f cfkm\gf] gfd btf{ u/fpg / ;]jf lng ;Sg'x'g]5 .
                                    n]sfnL sDKo"6;{ P08 df]jfO{N;                                                                                             h' l d| a;kfs{ , Ko" 7 fg
                                                vn+ u f–%, Ko" 7 fg                                                    kt~hln of]ulk7 xl/4f/f ef/t :jfld /fdb]j4f/f of]ufEof; Pj+ k|f0ffofd k|lzIfLt k|lzIfs cf]dx/L e§/fO{
                                                 ;Dk{ s kmf] g M                                                             )*^–$^)#(*, (*$&*&!)@* l;tf uf}td, (&%*%))(!( lji0f' s]=;L, (*$&*^&$#(
                                       )*^–$@))$)÷(*$&*@)(((÷(*$&*@)#@)                                                                       of]ufEof;k|f0ffofd lgz'Ns ljxfg $M#) b]lv ^ ah] ;Dd
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  sfof{nonfO{ cfjZos kg]{ d=n]=k= kmf/dx?, ;d'x, ;+3 ;+:yfnfO{ rflxg] ;Dk"0f{ vftfx?, n]6/Kof8, ljn, e/kfO{, /l;b, kf]i6/, kDkn]6, j|f;/ tyf k':tsx? /+lug tyf ;fwf 5kfO{sf]
  nflu / kf7\o–k':ts, :6]zg/L ;fdfg, v]ns'bsf ;fdfg, ufO{8 tyf u];k]k/ / ;Dk"0f{ z}lIfs ;fdfu|Lsf] nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ . ;fy} gfO{gn 5fk / km\Nof; jf]8{ klg agfO{G5 .
                            – ef/tL 5fkfvfgf tyf :6] z g/L pBf] u ÷Go" ef/tL :6] z g/L vn+ u f, Ko" 7 fg kmf] g M )*^–$@))((, (*$&*@))((, (*$&*#*%(#

				
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