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Canine Cough Canine

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									Canine Cough Canine C
                        ventilating the facility, remember that
                        no amount of supervision, sanitation,
                        or personalized care is guaranteed to
                        be 100% effective against the illness.
                        All that a good pet care facility can
                        do is recommend immunization
                        against tracheobronchitis, refuse to
                        admit an obviously sick dog, follow
                        responsible cleaning and sanitation
                        practices, listen and watch for any
                        signs of sickness, and make sure that
                        any dog requiring veterinary attention
                        receives it as quickly as possible.
                        (Strangely, the dog with parainfluenza
                        alone may not appear ill, yet is conta-
                        gious) You have a right to expect a
                        pet care facility to provide the best
                        possible care just as that facility has a
                        right to expect you to accept finan-
                        cial responsibility for such care.


                        Your ABKA member is devoted to your
                        pet’s well being. Look for the mem-
                        bership certificate proudly displayed.




                                                                    ABKA would like to thank the American Animal Hospital Association and
                                                                    Dr. Joe Bartges and Dr.Diane Mawbry, from the College of Veterinary
                                                                    Medicine, University of Tennessee through Morris Animal Foundation for
                                                                    information contributed to this brochure.
Canine Cough Canine Cough Canine




                                                                                                                                                                                      Canine Cough Canine Cou
                                   One of the public relations problems for    attack the disease itself. Home remedy treatments        checkup. Puppies are usually vaccinat-
                                   pet care facilities continues to be a       for canine cough without the consultation of a           ed for these in combination with distem-
                                   much misunderstood disease in dogs          veterinarian are not recommended.                        per, hepatitis, and parvo virus in a series
                                   called “canine cough,” tracheobronchi-                                                               of immunizations. Specific, non-routine
                                   tis, or often improperly referred to as     Does tracheobronchitis occur only in pet care            vaccines are also available for
                                   “kennel cough.” As a dog owner you          facilities?                                              Bordetella bronchiseptica (another
                                   should be aware of some of the facts        No. Since these viruses can be present anywhere,         cause of canine cough). Although some
                                   about this disease.                         and can travel for considerable distances through        veterinary practices do not use this vac-
                                                                               the air, they can affect any dog, even one that          cination routinely, it should be consid-
                                                                               never leaves its own back yard. But tracheobron-         ered for pets that board, visit a daycare
                                   What is “Canine Cough?”                     chitis is more likely to occur when the concentra-       frequently, or for those whose veterinari-
                                   Infectious tracheobronchitis is a highly    tion of dogs is greater such as at dog shows, ken-       an recommends it. It is important to note
                                   contagious, upper-respiratory disease       nels, dog daycares, veterinarian offices and hospi-      that the vaccines that are used to pre-
                                   that is spread by any one of three infec-   tals as well as pet shops. Dogs can also be              vent this viral disease are made from
                                   tious agents (parainfluenza, adenovirus,    exposed while running loose or while being               only one of the over 100 different strains
                                   or Bordetella) or any combination there     walked near other dogs, or playing in the park.          of the virus and therefore are not as
                                   of—most often passed on through the                                                                  effective against some strains as others.
                                   air, it can also be transmitted on hands    But aren’t the chances of catching it greater when       Some strains are not included in any
                                   or clothing. The incubation period of the   a dog is in a boarding kennel or daycare?                vaccine; therefore, there is no preven-
                                   disease is roughly three to ten days and    Yes. Because, in any pet care facility, a dog            tion against them. Your veterinarian is in
                                   an infected pet may be contagious for       encounters two conditions that do not usually exist      the best position to recommend a pro-
                                   three weeks after showing the first signs   at home; proximity to a number of potentially            gram of preventative health care man-
                                   of illness. The main symptom is a hacking   contagious dogs, and the stress and excitement           agement depending on your pet’s
                                   cough, sometimes accompanied by             of a less familiar environment, which can result in      needs. In most cases, veterinarians rec-
                                   sneezing and nasal discharge, which         lower resistance to disease (these same factors          ommend that you obtain vaccinations
                                   can last from a few days to several         explain why children are more likely to catch the        for canine cough five to seven days
                                   weeks. Although this coughing is very       flu at school, rather than at home). But the more        before taking your dog to a pet care
                                   annoying, it does not usually develop       frequently a dog visits a pet care facility, the         facility.
                                   into anything more serious; however, just   greater are the chances that it will acquire immu-
                                   as with a common cold, it can lower the     nity to the disease. Even during a wide spread           Can’t the boarding kennel or daycare
                                   dog’s resistance to other diseases mak-     breakout, only a fairly small percentage of              prevent my dog from catching tracheo-
                                   ing it susceptible to secondary infec-      exposed dogs are affected.                               bronchitis?
                                   tions, and so the dog must be observed                                                               While the spread of canine cough can
                                   closely to avoid complications. Canine      Are these viruses a constant problem?                    be minimized by proper cleaning, isolat-
                                   cough can be an especially serious          No. Tracheobronchitis, like the flu, is often seasonal   ing obviously sick animals, and properly
                                   problem for puppies and geriatric dogs      – mainly due to the fact that the busiest seasons
                                   whose immune systems may be weaker.         for pet care facilities tend to be summertime or
                                                                               over holiday periods.It also tends to be epidemic.
                                   How is it cured?                            When veterinarians begin to see cases, they nor-
                                   Just as in the case of the common cold,     mally come from every pet care facility in town,
                                   tracheobronchitisis not “cured” but must    as well as from individual dog owners whose dogs
                                   run its course; however, any animal dis-    did not visit a facility at all. When the outbreak is
                                   playing signs of the illness should be      over, they might not see another case for months.
                                   seen by a veterinarian as soon as possi-
                                   ble. Many times antibiotics will be pre-    Can my dog be vaccinated to protect him from
                                   scribed to prevent secondary infection,     tracheobronchitis?
                                   and sometimes cough suppressants will       Yes! Vaccines against parainfluenza and aden-
                                   be prescribed to reduce excessive           ovirus type 2 (in combination with other vaccines)
                                   coughing, but these medications do not      are routinely used as part of an adult dog’s yearly

								
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