Attention_Deficit_Hyperactivity_Disorder by keralaguest

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									Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD or ADD)

Explanation

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a cognitive and behavioural
disorder that is exhibited through hyperactive, impulsive and inattentive
behaviour.

Characteristics

Inattention

      Careless mistakes in schoolwork, does not pay attention to detail
      Finds it hard to stay focussed on task
      Does not appear to be listening when spoken to directly
      Does not follow instructions and fails to finish schoolwork
      Struggles to organise activities
      Avoids tasks that require a lot of concentration e.g. homework
      Loses school equipment e.g. pencil case, books etc
      Is distracted from tasks easily
      Forgetful about routines of daily activities


Hyperactivity / Impulsivity

      Fidgets in class or walks around with no particular aim
      Talks a lot, interrupts
      Climbs or runs at inappropriate times; takes unnecessary risks
      Has trouble playing or enjoying leisure activities quietly
      Has difficulty awaiting a turn
      Answers verbal questions before they have been completed
      Intrudes on the games or conversations of his/her peers
      Says or does things without considering the consequences
      Gets bored easily
Other
       Impatient
       Unable to play quietly
       Misreads social cues, sometimes misinterprets remarks as hostile
       Can over-react and be prone to temper tantrums
       Inflexible personality
       Sleep and appetite problems


Meeting the needs of pupils with ADHD
The use of Ritalin and Concerta has grown considerably over the last 10 years.
At the time of writing, over 40% of our children have a diagnosis of ADHD.

The school has seen a significant improvement in the attention span, academic
achievement and behaviour of some pupils following prescription of Ritalin and
Concerta.

For these pupils Ritalin allows the child some respite from the effects of their
condition allowing access to the curriculum and giving opportunities to build up
positive behaviours. For some pupils Ritalin and Concerta has appeared to have
no beneficial outcomes and in these cases, after consultation with parents and
consultants the medication has been discontinued.

The Cedars works closely with parents, carers and psychiatrists in monitoring the
effects on pupils who take medication.

All staff share the concerns of parents about the possible long-term
consequences of taking medication and would always be looking to reduce the
medication wherever practical.

We help by;

Classroom Layout and Routines

       Clear and concise rules with consistent enforcement.
       More positive reinforcement than negative consequences.
       Focusing on 1 or 2 behaviours at a time.
       Undertaking more academic subjects in the morning.
       Providing regular breaks.
      Having minimal distractions.
      Breaking instructions down into small parts.
      Involving the student as much as possible.
      Varying activities frequently to decrease the chance of boredom.
      Use a home-school diary.




Contacts

www.adhdnews.com

Attention Deficit Disorder Information and Support Service
Tel: 020 8906 9068

www.addiss.co.uk

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/adhd.cfm

								
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