British Columbia's Early Years by dandanhuanghuang

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									British Columbia’s Early Years
             AnnuAl RepoRt 2009/2010




                    Activities and Expenditures on
                Early Childhood Development and
                      Early Learning and Child Care
Contents
Message from the Government of B.C.                             2        BC Healthy Kids Program                                   17
Introduction                                                    3        LEAP BC                                                   17
     Federal/Provincial/Territorial Agreement on Early                      Highlights of 2009/2010:                               18
     Childhood Development                                      3        StrongStart BC Early Learning Programs                    18
     Investments in Early Childhood Development                 3        British Columbia Early Learning Framework                 19
Early Childhood Development: Major Activities and                        Ready, Set, Learn                                         19
Accomplishments 2009/2010                                       4        Full Day Kindergarten                                     20
  Key Action Area: Promote Healthy Pregnancy, Birth and                  Seeds of Empathy                                          21
  Infancy                                                       4      Key Action Area: Strengthen Community Supports               21
    Childhood Immunizations                                     4        Aboriginal Early Childhood Development Regional Initiative 21
    Midwifery                                                   4        Aboriginal Early Childhood Development Strategic Planning 21
    Women’s Health Improvements – Perinatal Depression          5        Aboriginal Early Childhood Development Association         22
    Tobacco Reduction                                           5        Children First                                             22
    Cessation Resources                                         5        Success By 6®                                              23
    Shaken Baby Syndrome                                        5        Success By 6® Aboriginal Engagement                        24
    Period of PURPLE Crying Program                             5        British Columbia Healthy Child Development Alliance        25
    Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention                  6        Early Childhood Development Evaluation Project             25
    Healthy Pregnancies–FASD Prevention                         7        Early Childhood Development Research Initiatives           26
    Support for Children and Families                           7        Human Early Learning Partnership                           27
    Canada Northwest FASD Partnership and the FASD                   Early Learning and Child Care: Major Activities and
    Research Network                                            8    Accomplishments 2009/2010                                     28
    Infant Development Program                                  9        Early Learning and Child Care in British Columbia         28
    Aboriginal Infant Development Program                       9        Early Learning and Child Care Multilateral Framework      28
  Key Action Area: Improve Parenting and Family Supports       10        Child Care Programs in British Columbia                   28
    Women’s and Parent Resources                               10        Child Care Subsidy Program                                28
    Building Blocks                                             11       Child Care Operating Funding Program                      29
    Family Resource Programs                                    11       Child Care Capital Funding Program                        29
    Aboriginal Family Resource Programs                        12           Major Capital Funding Program                          29
    The BC Association of Family Resource Programs             12           Minor Capital Funding Program                          29
    BC Council for Families                                    12        Child Care Resource and Referral Program                  29
  Key Action Area: Strengthen Early Childhood Development,               Supported Child Development Program                       30
  Learning and Care                                            14        Aboriginal Supported Child Development                    30
    Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Services          14        Recognition of Child Care Professionals                   30
    Autism Spectrum Disorder                                   14    Appendix A: Early Learning and Child Care Indicators          31
    Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnostic Assessments            15
                                                                     Appendix B: 2009/2010 Program Expenditure Summary             35
    Autism Early Intervention Services                         15
    Early Intervention Services – Early Intervention Therapy   15
    Complex Developmental Behavioural Conditions               15
    Early Childhood Screening Initiatives                      15
       Vision Screening                                        16
       Dental Health and Screening                             16
       Highlight:                                              16
       Early Hearing Screening                                 17




Annual Report 2009/2010                                                              1|
Message from the Government of B.C.
the province is pleased to release British Columbia’s early Years Annual
Report 2009/2010: Activities and expenditures on early Childhood
Development and early learning and Child Care. this report highlights
major activities and accomplishments over the past year, and demon-
strates B.C.’s continued commitment to early childhood development,
early learning and care.
this has been a challenging year for British Columbia. the economic
climate has meant that each of us have had to deal with some very
real budgetary pressures. Despite these challenges, staff within the
ministries, service providers and community partners continue to work
together, developing strong ties to protect what is most important–front
line services to the province’s children and families.
Government’s top priority continues to be serving the children, youth,
and families in this province in the best way possible. We know that if
we work together to provide young children with the best start possible,
they are more likely to succeed in life – and less likely to adopt a lifestyle
that puts them at risk.
our priorities are reflected in the province’s ongoing commitment to
early childhood development including a continued investment in
child care, the expansion of StrongStart BC programs, the development
and expansion of the province’s Mental Health plan, of which the Child
and Youth Mental Health plan is a key component, support of healthy
pregnancy and parenting programs, early childhood screening services,
and a cross-government Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder plan.
In addition, the B.C. Government continues to work towards its goal of
universal access to full day kindergarten by September 2011. Full-day
learning, which is associated with improved literacy and numeracy,
smoother transitions to Grade 1, and increased post-secondary gradua-
tion rates, will give young children a solid foundation upon to which to
build a bright, healthy and successful future.
We would like to express our sincere gratitude for the commitment,
professionalism and enthusiasm of our many community partners,
service providers, and staff within the ministries, for the work that is done
each and every day for our province’s youngest citizens. these strong
partnerships are absolutely vital to our collective priority – creating the
best possible system of support to the children and youth of B.C.




|2                              B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Introduction
B.C. has remained steadfast in its commitment to the early years and to giving children the best possible start
in life. over the past nine years, Government has continued to support and invest in a range of programs
and initiatives that promote the healthy growth and development of young children province-wide. As well,
increasing involvement by communities, businesses and non-traditional partners in early years promotion has
raised public awareness and provided children and their families in B.C. with greater access to services.
Research tells us that the brain develops most rapidly during the first three to four years of a child’s life with
early experiences and environments significantly impacting a child’s future growth and potential. positive
interactions with caregivers and others, as well as a stimulating, consistent and secure environment are the
best foundation for a child’s future success.
By supporting and investing in the early years, British Columbia is contributing to the development of resilient,
literate and socially engaged citizens and in turn, a prosperous, vibrant province.

Federal/Provincial/Territorial Agreement on Early Childhood Development
the federal government’s ongoing funding commitment under the 2000 early Childhood Development
Agreement was extended in Budget 2007. under this Agreement, provinces and territories received funding to
expand and improve early childhood development programs and services in four priority areas:
 † promote healthy pregnancy, birth and infancy.
 † Improve parenting and family supports.
 † Strengthen early childhood development, learning and care.
 † Strengthen community supports.
In 2009/2010, B.C. received approximately $66 million in federal funding to support a wide range of commun-
ity-based early years programming and services for young children and their families province-wide.

Investments in Early Childhood Development
this report highlights the province’s major activities and accomplishments in 2009/2010, and demonstrates
B.C.’s continued commitment to early childhood development, early learning and child care. the report also
demonstrates B.C.’s commitment to the public reporting of federal funding received under the 2000 eCD
Agreement. to ensure transparency and accountability, all eligible related expenditures are summarized and
provided in Appendix B: 2009/2010 program expenditure Summary.




Annual Report 2009/2010                                                    3|
Early Childhood Development:
Major Activities and
Accomplishments 2009/2010
Key Action Area: Promote Healthy
Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy
Childhood Immunizations
In 2009/2010, British Columbia’s immunization program expanded
significantly. the number of immunizers increased with the addition of
pharmacists and licensed practical nurses as immunization providers.
While physicians and public health nurses continue to provide this
service, the addition of new immunization providers ensures all British
Columbians have access to services.
In 2009/2010, B.C. launched its largest immunization program to date,
offering a universal H1n1 influenza vaccine program. While the H1n1
pandemic was not as severe as originally anticipated by public health
experts, the event has allowed B.C. to continue to improve its immuniza-
tion services.
B.C. has one of the most comprehensive immunization programs in
Canada striving to exceed national expectations in immunization cover-
age and service.
B.C.’s regional health authorities, in conjunction with the Ministry of
Healthy living and Sport and BC’s Centre for Disease Control, continued
to implement the priority actions and strategic goals of one of Canada’s
first strategic frameworks for immunization, ImmunizeBC, within their
jurisdictions, in 2009/2010. Full integration with an accompanied report
is expected by February 2011. the framework is available at: http://www.
immunizebc.ca/default.htm.

Midwifery
In British Columbia, midwifery is integrated into the full spectrum of
obstetrics, providing care in community, home-based and hospital
settings for healthy pregnant women and their babies. the College of
Midwives of BC oversees the profession, with mandatory registration,
standards of practice, and guidelines for physician consultation and
transfer of care. During 2009/2010, there were 164 midwives providing
services in British Columbia.1




1 BC Ministry of Health Services, Health Services planning Division Quarterly Report September
2010.


|4                                      B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Women’s Health Improvements – Perinatal Depression
perinatal depression may occur during pregnancy and up to one year after childbirth. It is a significant health
issue that can affect up to 20 percent of women.2 Addressing perinatal Depression: A Framework for BC’s Health
Authorities was developed in 2006. the framework outlines actions to improve recognition, diagnosis, treat-
ment and follow-up care for women affected by perinatal depression in B.C. In 2009/2010, health authorities
continued to implement the regional perinatal depression plans developed in 2006/2007.

Tobacco Reduction
tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in B.C. and one of the greatest risks
facing B.C.’s youth. British Columbia continues to have the lowest rate of smoking in Canada at 14.8 percent, as
well as the lowest rate of children under the age of 18 exposed to second-hand smoke (2.5 percent). A tobacco-
free generation begins with a comprehensive strategy including helping smokers quit smoking; preventing
people from starting to smoke; and protecting British Columbians from exposure to second-hand smoke.

Cessation Resources
Free support to help smokers quit is available 24 hours a day through Quitnow Services (www.quitnow.ca
and Quitnow by phone 1-877-455-2233). Health practitioner and client-centred cessation resources for pregnant
women/young mothers are available through Quitnow Services and health authorities.

Shaken Baby Syndrome
Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is a leading but preventable cause of physical and mental disability among
infants and young children. the most common trigger for shaking a baby is inconsolable crying. In B.C., on
average, each year between five and 10 children will suffer traumatic brain injury from shaking and require
hospitalization.3 About one-third of hospitalized cases result in death and of those who survive, approximately
80 percent will have permanent disabilities.4

Period of PURPLE Crying Program
the goal of the period of puRple Crying program is to bring about a cultural change in understanding infant
crying and reduce the number of cases of traumatic brain injury due to shaken baby syndrome by 50 percent.
the program focuses on educating new parents about the normal periods of crying, so they know what to
expect – and know that the high-crying period will end. the program uses positive messaging for caregivers
rather than negative warnings about bad consequences. A key message of the program is that it is okay to
walk away if the crying becomes frustrating, as long as your baby is safe.




2 Addressing perinatal Depression: A Framework for BC’s Health Authorities, BC Reproductive Mental Health program: BC Women’s Hospital & Health
Centre, July 2006.
3   Based on 2004 review of BC Children’s hospital Child protective Services statistics; rate of cases has remained fairly stable over time.
4 King et al. Shaken baby syndrome in Canada: clinical characteristics and outcomes of hospital cases. CMAJ. 2003; Keenan et al. A population-based
study of inflicted traumatic brain injury in young children. JAMA. 2003.


Annual Report 2009/2010                                                                             5|
the period of puRple Crying program materials include a booklet and DVD–available in ten languages, includ-
ing english – that provides tools to help handle the frustration of inconsolable crying. program highlights in
2009/2010 included:
 † More program training opportunities for Ministry of Children and Family Development social work staff,
   foster parents and contract family support workers through in-services, online training, conferences, and
   web conferencing.
 † Addition of the program into the 53-hour foster parent training curriculum.
 † Implementation of the program by two of six B.C. private adoption agencies.
 † “train the trainer” sessions provided to 76 Child Care Resource & Referral personnel throughout the
    province.
 † training of 30 early childhood educators, serving urban and rural areas throughout B.C., in the program.
 † Four additional pregnancy outreach and infant development offices trained online, with 95 percent of
   their offices now offering the puRple program.
 † Addition of the program into the curriculum of six post-secondary institutions for registered nurses,
   licensed practical nurses, midwives, early childhood educators and community health support personnel.



“  Over the last couple of years there has been tremendous stress on families due to job losses and
   the poor economy. One can just imagine how hard it is when added to that stress a family has a
   new baby who cries a lot. At this time more than ever before, we need to offer parents help and
   support. The Period of PURPLE Crying Program, and infant abuse prevention program, offers this
   help to every parent of a new baby in BC. It gives parents accurate information about normal
   infant crying and lets them know this tough time will end.
                                                                   ”                    MARIlYn BARR, DIReCtoR,
                                                                      SBS pReVentIon pRoGRAM BRItISH ColuMBIA



Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a term that describes the range of harms that can occur in a person
whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. FASD poses lifelong challenges for individuals and commun-
ities across the province.
there is no safe time and no safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy. Daily drinking and binge drinking
(four or more drinks at any one time) are the most risky. Since the safe level of alcohol use in pregnancy is not
known, it is recommended that women do not drink alcohol at all during pregnancy.
British Columbia is committed to reducing the incidence and impact of FASD, through investments in provin-
cial and community-based initiatives that support women, individuals, families and communities. this work is
enhanced through a 10 year cross-ministry provincial plan on FASD that promotes an integrated service delivery
approach. A copy of the plan is available at: http://www.mcf.gov.bc.ca/fasd/pdf/FASD_TenYearPlan_WEB.pdf.




                                        |6                             B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Healthy Pregnancies–FASD Prevention
Although continued funding to the Actnow BC Healthy Choices in
pregnancy initiative spanning 2005-2009 was discontinued in 2010 in
light of funding challenges, prevention efforts to reduce the incidence
of children with FASD remains a priority for British Columbia. the B.C.
government has implemented a multi-faceted approach to address
issues related to FASD – from prevention activities through awareness
and education to support for children, youth and adults living with FASD.
prevention-related activities included:
 † Continued implementation by regional health authorities of their
   FASD prevention plans focusing on ensuring pregnant women
   are informed, educated, and counselled about alcohol use in
   pregnancy.
 † Continued promotion of FASD prevention resources for health pro-
   fessionals and the public, including health professional educational
   materials, DVDs and teaching materials available for downloading
   from the Healthy Choices in pregnancy website: http://www.
   hcip-bc.org/.

Support for Children and Families
the Ministry of Children and Family Development is committed to
supporting families with children and youth with FASD and similar
neurodevelopmental conditions. the ministry’s Key Worker and parent
Support program assists families in understanding FASD by providing
education and information specific to the needs of the child and family.
the program assists parents, family members, adoptive parents, care-
givers and service providers in recognizing a child’s individual strengths
and adapting the environment in response to the child’s needs. parent-
support approaches vary but may include local parent and grandparent
FASD training and parent support groups.
In 2009/2010, the Ministry of Children and Family Development released
a three year external evaluation of the program. of note, 91 percent of
parents/caregivers who participated in the evaluation were extremely
positive about the program. Key Workers were perceived as being
respectful, knowledgeable and sensitive to the needs of parents/
caregivers.
Since the launch of the program in 2006, more than 2,000 children and
their families have accessed services. parents reported the program
helped them better understand their child’s disability, increased confi-
dence in their parenting approach, and strengthened their connections
with other community service providers.




“  The Key Worker gave me back my confidence in my parenting
   skills. Otherwise, I start listening to people who don’t under-
   stand and I start to doubt myself.
                                       ”                         pARent


Annual Report 2009/2010                                                   7|
“    We really appreciate the Key Worker program, especially
     our worker. We get connected to other professionals, great
     resources (books, videos) and wonderful workshops. We’d be
     lost without this. Sometimes our family life is very tiring and
     consuming with a child with challenging behaviours. Our Key
     Worker helps us stay afloat and not drown in frustration and
     helplessness.
                  ”                                                   pARent


Several parents and caregivers described the parent support groups
as an important source of social support. the connections they experi-
enced with other parents and caregivers were supportive, informative
and emotionally sustaining. this was especially significant because
parents raising children or youth with FASD often feel they are isolated
and that no one understands their situation.




“    It’s great to realize you are not alone; I keep stressing for
     everyone don’t do it alone…I really look forward to it (group).
     I knew that when I got out of the hospital I’d have the group.
     That lifted my spirits. It is always good to be surrounded by
     people who care.
                      ”                                               pARent



Canada Northwest FASD Partnership
and the FASD Research Network
B.C. is a member of the Canada northwest FASD partnership–an alliance
of the four western provinces and three territories that shares expertise
and resources in FASD prevention, diagnosis and support, and the
advancement of research. A major initiative of the partnership is spon-
sorship of the Canada northwest FASD Research network (CanFASD).
CanFASD enhances opportunities for collaboration and knowledge
sharing among FASD researchers, clinicians and policy makers working
in the fields of prevention, diagnosis, support and intervention.
In 2009/2010, CanFASD made great strides in advancing FASD research,
particularly in the area of prevention, assessment and diagnosis.
Research activity in diagnostics helped refine the clinical assessment
process by enhancing consistency, efficiency and accuracy across clinics.
numerous FASD prevention research projects focused on a women’s
health perspective and included the study of addiction treatment needs




|8                             B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
of women with FASD and evaluation of outcomes for substance-using mothers who delivered their babies at
specialized harm reduction facilities.
A significant achievement of CanFASD was the inclusion of FASD as one of three pillars of research in a new
federally-funded, national Centre of excellence called neuroDevnet, based at the university of British Columbia.
the focus of neuroDevnet is to advance the preventative, diagnostic, and therapeutic measures of three
childhood disabilities: FASD, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Cerebral palsy. FASD was identified as an area of
study due to the increased capacity for collaboration among diagnostic clinics which was developed through
CanFASD. one initial area of research is to improve identification of FASD at an earlier age. More information on
CanFASD and its research activities is available at: www.Canfasd.ca.

Infant Development Program
Infant Development programs (IDp) provide a range of integrated, family-centered prevention and early
intervention services and supports for families of young children who have–or are at risk of having–a develop-
mental delay. IDps recognize that families play a vital role in every child’s development. IDp consultants at 52
agencies across B.C. see over 11,100 children annually to help families ensure that opportunities for physical,
social, emotional, behavioural, communication and intellectual development are optimized for their child.
In 2009, approximately 30 IDp consultants enrolled in the Infant Mental Health Certificate program offered by
York university (ontario). through collaboration with the university of British Columbia, the program is being
taught in this province for the first time. the first series of courses were offered in 2009 while the remaining
courses will be taught in the summer of 2010.
the early Years conference held in Victoria, B.C. in February 2010 focused on the “Rights of the Child.” this
biennial conference provides professional development opportunities to over 500 Aboriginal and non-Aborig-
inal consultants in the fields of infant development and supported child development.

Aboriginal Infant Development Program
the Aboriginal Infant Development program (AIDp) provides services for children up to the age of six, both
on and off reserve. AIDps acknowledge that each child is a unique gift. the mission of AIDps is to honour this
gift by supporting the development of Aboriginal children within the context of the family, community and
culture through culturally relevant and appropriate early intervention support programs.
AIDp consultants provide early intervention, prevention and parenting supports through home visits, activ-
ity planning, and developmental and family needs assessments in culturally sensitive and meaningful ways.
Consultants also assist families in accessing other health, social, and community services. While each AIDp has
the AIDp policy manual for quality practice, each is also unique to the needs of the community and the families
with whom they work. For example, some AIDps are integrated into Aboriginal Head Start, preschool programs,
or are located within their health clinic and work with Maternal/Child Health programs.
there are currently 46 AIDps across B.C. Some of these programs are new in development and are building
capacity to deliver full-time services. Currently over 1,300 families and their children are served each year by
AIDp professionals.




Annual Report 2009/2010                                                  9|
Key Action Area: Improve Parenting
and Family Supports
Women’s and Parent Resources
the B.C. government develops and produces resources that provide par-
ents and caregivers with evidence-based information to support healthy
pregnancy, childbirth and early parenting. In 2009/2010, the following
publications were available, free of charge, through the provincial health
authorities, and the Ministry of Healthy living and Sport website:
http://www.health.gov.bc.ca/library/publications/index.html.
 † Best Chance Website
   In 2010, the Ministry of Healthy living and Sport launched the Best
   Chance Website (http://www.bestchance.gov.bc.ca/) in response
   to the public’s need for accurate, up-to-date, evidence-based
   information regarding women’s health, preconception through
   postpartum health, and infant and child health (up to age three) in
   a web format.
 † Baby’s Best Chance: Parents’ Handbook of Pregnancy
   and Baby Care
   Baby’s Best Chance provides up-to-date information on healthy
   pregnancy, infant care, and parenting for babies up to six months
   of age. endorsed by professional organizations, Baby’s Best Chance
   (revised 6th edition) is in demand province-wide by parents and
   health care providers. this publication has been available since 1979.
 † Toddler’s First Steps: A Best Chance Guide to Parenting Your
   6-to-36-Month Old Child
   toddler’s First Steps (2nd edition) is a follow-up handbook to Baby’s
   Best Chance and provides information about caring for children
   ages six months to three years. endorsed by professional organiza-
   tions, toddler’s First Steps provides parents and caregivers with
   accurate, practical information on child development, nutrition,
   health and wellness, safety and parenting.
 † Child Health Passport
   the Child Health passport is a passport-sized booklet for parents
   to record important health information about their child includ-
   ing height and weight, illnesses, injuries, allergies, hospitalizations,
   and vaccinations. Space is provided to record findings of hearing,
   dental and vision checks. Safety tips are also included. the passport
   is reprinted and distributed annually to parents of newborns in B.C.
 † Women’s Health Pregnancy Passport
   the Women’s Health pregnancy passport was released in spring
   2010. It was published by perinatal Services BC (formerly BC
   perinatal Health program) in partnership with the Ministry of
   Healthy living and Sport and health authorities. the passport
   provides information about pregnancy, birth and early postpartum
   care, including a record of check-ups and tests and a list of resour-
   ces for further information. It is available through public health
   offices, physicians or midwives.

| 10                           B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Building Blocks
Building Blocks is an initiative that provides a range of community-based services to support children, up to
six years of age, and their families. the programs are designed to increase parental capacity by focusing on
enhanced parent/child relationships, lay home visiting, early literacy and language development and healthy
growth. Currently, Building Blocks provides a range of supports such as Home Visiting programs, parent-Child
Mother Goose, nobody’s perfect parenting program, prenatal support, pregnancy outreach and parent/child
drop-ins.
the Building Blocks initiative serves children and families province-wide, with communities determining the
supports that best meet their needs. Building Blocks is supported through regional funding from the Ministry
of Children and Family Development.

Family Resource Programs
Family Resource programs (FRps) are community-based programs designed to strengthen parenting skills,
promote family and community engagement, and provide stimulating environments for children. the core
component of FRps is the parent-child drop-in, which facilitates positive parent-child interaction. FRps engage
with families through five core areas of service: family support, play-based learning, early learning and literacy,
parent education, and information and referrals. the FRp model is incorporated and delivered in a variety of
family service organizations such as neighbourhood Houses, Friendship Centres, Military Family Centres and
Boys and Girls Clubs. Stand alone drop-in centres, commonly known as Family places, are also FRps.




“ I bring my children to Family Place several times a week and they enjoy playing with other chil-
  dren in a safe and supportive environment, while I get the chance to network with other parents.
  In addition, Family Place has provided opportunities to learn about and discuss various topics
  that are relevant to the health and well-being of my children, and indeed my whole family.
                                                                                                          ”
                                                                                pARent, FRASeR CAnYon FAMIlY plACe




“  We have been coming here for a few years and it’s been a wonderful experience for me as a new
   mom. My children have enjoyed their interaction with other kids. There is so much for young
   children to learn and this program is perfect. The staff have been awesome.
                                                                                         ”
                                                                pARentS, lIttle MountAIn neIGHBouRHooD HouSe




“ I like the playgroup because I get to interact with other parents and my children get to socialize
  with other children they would never otherwise meet.
                                                               ”                    pARent, tRAIl DRop-In pRoGRAM




Annual Report 2009/2010                                                  11 |
“  I like the Family Resource Program because…
   † It’s a great way to meet other moms.
   † Great indoor space, fun toys, activities, interaction, socializing with other toddlers.
   † Learn new songs and rhymes.
   † I feel comfortable with everyone around
   † It gives my child time for interaction with kids of all ages.
                                                                  ”     pARentS, CRAnBRooK FAMIlY ConneCtIonS



Aboriginal Family Resource Programs
Aboriginal children and families have access to culturally appropriate family support services and resources
through Aboriginal FRps that are regionally funded by the Ministry of Children and Family Development. In
2009/2010, 18 Aboriginal FRps supported activities such as parent-child drop-ins, community kitchens, literacy
initiatives and cultural activities for children and families, both on and off-reserve.

The BC Association of Family Resource Programs
the BC Association of Family Resource programs (FRp-BC) represents approximately 270 FRps across the prov-
ince through leadership, resources, and professional development support.
In 2009, twenty FRps successfully implemented the FRp provincial Standards of practice and received a five-year
FRp Standards Certificate. In 2010, implementation of the multi-year FRp provincial Standards of practice project
continued with a Standards Questionnaire, template development (accredited and non-accredited members)
and the creation of a Standards Review Committee.




“  The development of the FRP Provincial Standards of Practice has clarified not only what a Family
   Resource Program offers but how it should be offered. For the past year, consultants have over-
   seen the implementation of the Provincial Standards and nearly all of the FRPS are committed to
   adopting policies that will ensure sector standards.
                                                            ”
                                        MARIAnne-DReW-pennInGton, exeCutIVe DIReCtoR, FRp AnnuAl RepoRt 2009


In 2009, FRp-BC also completed the development and pilot delivery of an eight-course post-secondary FRp
Certificate. the Certificate provides competency-based training for practitioners who support and assist
parents of young children in dealing with a wide range of challenges including child development, economic
stress, adapting to a new country and culture, separation and divorce, family violence and mental health issues.
the curriculum offers a range of courses that enhance a practitioner’s ability to address family functioning and
assist parents and caregivers with their children’s social, cognitive, emotional and physical development. the first
full-course delivery of the FRp Certificate will begin at the new Westminster Justice Institute campus in fall 2010.

BC Council for Families
the BC Council for Families provides a number of family support and early childhood development programs
and services across B.C. the Council also supports well-established parenting and family support programs and
initiatives such as parent-Child Mother Goose, the Father Involvement network, nobody’s perfect, BC Alliance
for Young parents and Home Visitor training. the work of the Council helps strengthen family relationships,
promotes prevention and builds family-community connection.

                                        | 12                           B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
In 2009/2010, the Ministry of Children and Family Development provided financial support to assist the Council
in the coordination and delivery of the parent-Child Mother Goose program, the Home Visitor training Initiative
and the Father Involvement network. Key highlights included:
 † 270 new leaders trained to deliver parenting support programs.
 † A professional development opportunity – the Focus on Fathering forum – for practitioners working with
   fathers.
 † A series of week-long skill enhancement training sessions for home visitors and program supervisors.
 † the weekly e-newsletter, HealthyFamilies, to provide trained professionals, researchers, advocates and
   policy makers with news, issues and research related to families and parenting.



“ When we invest wisely in children and families, that investment pays off for our society and
  our province – in healthy, productive workforces, in active, responsible citizens, and in great
  communities.
                 ”                                                BC CounCIl FoR FAMIlIeS AnnuAl RepoRt 2009




Annual Report 2009/2010                                              13 |
Key Action Area: Strengthen Early Childhood
Development, Learning and Care
Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Services
the infant and early childhood mental health (IeCMH) services of the Ministry of Children and Family
Development, is a specialized mental health service for young children with social, emotional, and/or
behavioural problems, birth to preschool and their families, within the general, multicultural, and Aboriginal
populations. the social-emotional development of infants and young children, integral to their overall develop-
ment, unfolds within the parent/caregiver relationships, the children’s biology and their early life experiences.
Subsequently, supporting these young children and their families with interventions early in life promotes
child development, strengthens child-parent/caregiver relationships, and promotes future mental and physical
health and academic and career success.
the Ministry of Children and Family Development works collaboratively with ministry and community partners
to develop and implement IeCMH services reflective of the unique needs, resources and capacities of B.C.
communities.

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurological condition that impacts normal brain development
and affects a person’s social relationships, communication, interests, and behaviour. ASD is usually apparent by
the age of three and as a “spectrum disorder,” its symptoms and characteristics present differently in each child.
Studies suggest that ASD affects one in every 110 children and is four to five times more common in boys than
in girls.




                                       | 14                            B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnostic Assessments
the British Columbia Autism Assessment network (BCAAn), funded by the Ministry of Health Services, provides
diagnostic assessments for children throughout the province. In 2009/2010, BCAAn specialists and health care
professionals completed diagnostic assessments for more than 1, 3285 children.

Autism Early Intervention Services
British Columbia’s Autism Funding programs provide choice and flexibility for families. All families of children
with a diagnosis of ASD are eligible to access funding, and there are no wait-lists for Autism Funding programs.
During 2009/2010, the Ministry of Children and Family Development provided two autism programs: Autism
Funding: under Age 6; and Autism Funding: Ages 6-18.
these programs served more than 6,900 children and youth with ASD and their families through the provision
of intervention and support services; this included over 900 children under age six and their families served
through the Autism Funding: under Age 6 program.
In 2009/2010, the Autism Funding: under Age 6 program increased the available funding per child by $2,000;
parents of children with ASD under age six are now eligible to receive up to $22,000 per year to assist with the
cost of intervention services based on best practices. the intervention is intended to promote children’s com-
munication, social-emotional, pre-academic and functional life skills development. parents of children aged
six to eighteen with a diagnosis of ASD may receive up to $6,000 per year to assist with the cost of purchasing
out-of-school autism intervention.

Early Intervention Services – Early Intervention Therapy
early intervention therapies provide community-based physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech-language
pathology and family support worker services for children between birth and school entry who have, or are at
risk for, a developmental delay and/or disability. Services include screening, assessment, intervention, consulta-
tion, education and training to parents and community members, and service co-ordination.
During the first half of 2009/2010, over 50 community agencies province-wide supported–on a monthly
basis–approximately 3,500 children through occupational therapy services, 3,400 through physical therapy
services, and 5,300 through speech-pathology services. A comprehensive update of the program guidelines
was completed in 2008/2009 and implemented in 2009/2010. these guidelines were developed to promote
consistent delivery of quality early intervention therapy services across B.C. the guidelines, which are based on
best practices, are available at: http://www.mcf.gov.bc.ca/spec_needs/pdf/ei_therapy_guidelines.pdf.

Complex Developmental Behavioural Conditions
the Complex Developmental Behavioural Conditions network (CDBC) is a partnership among the five regional
health authorities, together with and responsible to, the provincial Health Services Authority. Initiated in 2005,
the CDBC is designed to provide a standardized assessment for children with possible FASD and other complex
developmental behavioural conditions. In 2009/2010, the CDBC provided 1,1956 assessments for children across B.C.

Early Childhood Screening Initiatives
the province provides vision, dental and hearing screening services for children under the age of six through
its integrated, cross-ministry early childhood screening initiative led by the Ministry of Healthy living and Sport.
other partners in the initiative include the Ministries of Children and Family Development and Housing and
Social Development, the First nations Health Council and health authorities. early childhood screening is a
key action item in the transformative Change Accord: First nations Health plan. the Ministry of Healthy living



5   BC Children’s Hospital and Sunny Hill Centre for Children, via email September 27, 2010
6   BC Children’s Hospital and Sunny Hill Centre for Children, via email September 27, 2010


Annual Report 2009/2010                                                                       15 |
and Sport is working collaboratively with Aboriginal representatives to
ensure that early childhood dental, hearing and vision screening pro-
grams reach Aboriginal children.


   Vision Screening
   the Vision Screening initiative ensures that parents and preschool
   and kindergarten teachers have important information on chil-
   dren’s eye health and vision. the initiative also supports children
   with vision impairments to receive early intervention and treatment,
   optimizing their capacity to adapt and learn throughout childhood.
   Health authority public health staff provide annual kindergarten
   vision screening, and continue with vision screening pilot activities
   for three-year-olds. When the pilot program for three-year-old
   children is fully implemented in all health authorities, the vision
   screening program will transition to three-year-olds in order to sup-
   port earlier identification and treatment of possible vision concerns.
    In 2009/2010, ninety percent of kindergarten children in B.C. had
   their eyes screened by public health staff. of those children, 19
   percent were referred to an eye doctor for diagnostic follow up.

   Health authority public health staff provide annual kindergarten
      Highlight:
      Vancouver Coastal continue with vision screening pilot activities
   vision screening, and Health completed vision screening for over
       three-year-olds. When the pilot program for three-year-old
   for50 percent of three-year-olds in 2009/2010. Reaching this age
      group is challenging as three-year-olds authorities, a consist-
   children is fully implemented in all health do not havethe vision
      ent link program will transition to three-year-olds in order
   screening with the health care system (like newborns) or the to
      school system (like five-year-olds). partnerships with vision
   support earlier identification and treatment of possiblelicensed
   concerns. providers, StrongStart Centres, neighbourhood
      child care
   In Houses, Family places and other community partners werehad
      2009/2010, ninety percent of kindergarten children in B.C.
      essential to the success of the vision screening program.
   their eyes screened by public health staff. of those children, 19
      Vancouver referred to an will continue diagnostic follow up.
   percent wereCoastal Health eye doctor forto build on these part-
      nerships for future vision screening and other health services.


   Dental Health and Screening
   the early Childhood Dental Health initiative ensures that B.C.’s
   infants and children have the best opportunity for improved
   dental health and well-being. B.C.’s public health dental programs
   include several prevention components to address the issue of
   early childhood caries, in particular identifying and supporting
   families with children at risk of developing dental disease. In 2009,
   the Ministry of Healthy living and Sport, in collaboration with the
   BC Dental Association, developed an educational DVD for use with
   parents and care providers about the prevention of early child-
   hood dental decay. the DVD provides key dental health prevention
   messages about mouth care for infants and young children, dental
   friendly snacks and feeding practices, dental hygiene and fluoride
   use. An information phone line and the Ministry of Housing and
   Social Development BC Healthy Kids program also support families’
   dental care access.

| 16                           B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
   In 2009/2010, health authority dental health staff conducted a provincial dental survey. this survey meas-
   ured the oral health status of kindergarten children and is a measure of success of early childhood dental
   health promotion activities. ninety-one percent of kindergarten age children participated in the provincial
   dental survey in 2009/2010. Findings indicated that 83 percent of children were decay-free at the time of
   the survey, and 63.3 percent had no evidence of having had decay (no decay and no fillings present).

   Early Hearing Screening
   the BC early Hearing program (BCeHp) provides hearing screening to all babies born in B.C. the final
   phase of the program–newborn hearing screening in postpartum (i.e. well-baby) units–was fully imple-
   mented in all health authorities in August 2009.
   universal newborn hearing screening is a non-invasive test administered shortly after birth, allowing for
   early and appropriate interventions. With the implementation of the BCeHp, all newborns in B.C. receive
   screening for congenital hearing loss; ongoing monitoring for later-onset loss; medical and audiological
   assessment for confirmation of hearing status; amplification devices to support optimal hearing; and
   early intervention for communication and social-emotional development.
   permanent congenital hearing loss affects at least one to two babies in every 1,000 births; some studies
   suggest as many as six babies per 1,000 live births per year are affected, depending on severity of loss.7
   earlier detection of hearing loss and initiation of interventions maximizes opportunities for language
   development, school readiness and social skills.
   In 2009/2010, the BCeHp screened 93 percent of babies registered at hospital screening sites. In
   2008/2009, the BCeHp also provided hearing aid(s) to 85 children including, babies found to have hearing
   loss soon after birth and those developing hearing loss in the first three years of life.


BC Healthy Kids Program
the BC Healthy Kids program, delivered by the Ministry of Housing and Social Development, provides basic
dental and optical services for children in low and moderate income families in receipt of premium assistance
through the Medical Services plan (MSp) of the Ministry of Health Services. the program also works as a bridge
for those families moving from income assistance to employment by allowing families to retain some benefits
previously associated with income assistance. As such, the BC Healthy Kids program removes one of the bar-
riers for families moving from income assistance back to employment.
In 2009/2010, the number of children in British Columbia eligible for dental and optical assistance through the
BC Healthy Kids program expanded to 146,294–an increase of 2,313 over 2008/2009.
the Ministry of Housing and Social Development continues to promote the program’s availability and benefits.
BC Healthy Kids brochures are on hand at employment and Assistance offices across the province. Information
about the Healthy Kids program is also available on the Ministry of Housing and Social Development web site
at: www.hsd.gov.bc.ca/publicat/bcea/HealthyKids.htm.

LEAP BC
leAp BC – literacy education Activity and play – is a 2010 legacies now initiative that promotes healthy child
development in children up to the age of five by integrating physical movement, healthy eating, language
development, early literacy and play. the initiative is jointly funded by the Ministries of Children and Family
Development, Healthy living and Sport, and education.




7 Hearing Screening for every Baby – A Sound Start: A British Columbia Initiative for early Hearing Detection and Intervention. the early Hearing
Detection and Intervention – BC (eHDI-BC) Steering Committee, July 30, 2004.


Annual Report 2009/2010                                                                        17 |
leAp BC provides resources and training for families, caregivers and early
learning practitioners, including:
 † Move (Move with Me from Birth to three) Family Resource.
 † Hop (Healthy opportunities for preschoolers) Family Resource.
 † Hop early learning practitioners Resource.
 † Food Flair early learning practitioners Resource.
 † talk.
All leAp BC resources are available on the 2010 legacies now web site
at: www.2010legaciesnow.com/leap_bc/.

Highlights of 2009/2010:
 † Development of a new resource for families and early learning
    practitioners called talk; talk consists of 20 Activity Cards that
    promote the language development of young children.
 † Addition of 11 Food Flair Activity Cards to the Food Flair for Child
   Care, parents’ Handouts and Recipes resource in child care settings.
 † updating of the leap BC website to accommodate the hosting
   of all leAp BC Activity Cards and upcoming leAp BC resources in
   French.
 † translation of the Hop early learning practitioners resource into
   French.
 † Incorporation of leAp BC resources into the professional develop-
   ment training for StrongStart facilitators.
 † Ability to order the Hop early learning practitioners resource and
   Food Flair early learning practitioners resource on line through the
   legacies now web site.

StrongStart BC Early Learning Programs
StrongStart BC early learning programs support the physical, cognitive,
language and social-emotional development of children by providing
free programming for preschool age children accompanied by a parent
or caregiver.
located in school facilities throughout the province, StrongStart BC cen-
tres are open five days per week for three to four hours per day. Qualified
early childhood educators facilitate play-based learning activities to
support children’s learning and development. parents and caregivers are
encouraged to increase their own knowledge and skills by observing
and practicing effective strategies to support their child’s early learning,
both in the centre and at home.
Also available are StrongStart BC outreach programs in communities
where a StrongStart BC early learning centre would not be a viable
model. outreach programs may operate on a reduced schedule to
accommodate the many remote locations it serves. Similar to a centre,
the outreach programs are facilitated by qualified early childhood
educators.



| 18                           B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
the StrongStart BC program offers a family-friendly environment where parents and caregivers can make con-
nections with other families in their community, as well as with service providers from local health authorities,
community agencies and other social services, such as early screening, child care resource and referral services,
parent resource centres, special needs supports and libraries.
Since 2006, three hundred and sixteen StrongStart BC programs have opened across the province. In
2009/2010, there were over 473,400 visits to StrongStart BC early learning programs and more than 24,200
children attended a StrongStart BC program during the school year.
the 2009 evaluation of StrongStart BC outreach programs, conducted by the Human early learning
partnership, described the enthusiasm of participants for the program and its value in enhancing family’s
ability to support their child’s early learning. the report is available at: www.bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learning/
strongstart_bc/resources_links.htm.
In 2009, the StrongStart BC operations Guide was developed to help school districts plan, set up, and run,
high quality StrongStart BC early learning programs. Building on provincial StrongStart BC early learning
program policies, this resource provides guidance for district-level policy development and ideas for program
management. the operations Guide is available at: www.bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learning/strongstart_bc/
operation_guide.htm.

British Columbia Early Learning Framework
the British Columbia early learning Framework describes the vision, pedagogical principles, and key areas of
learning for children from birth to five years. A companion document, understanding the British Columbia
early learning Framework: From theory to practice, was created in January 2009 to provide ideas and sugges-
tions to guide early learning practitioners in implementing the Framework into their practice. the document
provides tools for reflecting on the vision, principles and learning goals set out in the Framework. Both publica-
tions are available on the Ministry of education website at: www.bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learning.
In 2009, government partnered with three post-secondary institutions (the university of Victoria, Selkirk
College, and northern lights College) to create and deliver professional development to support implementa-
tion of the Framework. this training was provided to various audiences, including early childhood educators,
staff in early childhood education training institutions, and other service providers. trainers/field leaders were
early childhood educators with specialized training and a minimum of five years of experience working with
young children.
Between January and June of 2009, more than 1,000 participants took part in training. Field leaders and college
instructors remain available to offer professional development on the Framework.

Ready, Set, Learn
Ready, Set, learn (RSl) is an early learning initiative led by the Ministry of education. Since 2004, it has provided
an opportunity for elementary schools to influence the early development of three-year-olds, in partnership
with participating community-based early childhood service providers and other community agencies.
Schools that participate in Ready, Set, learn receive funding from the Ministry of education to host school-
based community events.
In 2009/2010, families and their three-year-olds attending a Ready, Set, learn event received an age-appro-
priate book for the child, along with other district resources for supporting their preschooler’s learning and
development. Created by the Ministry of education, the Ministry of Children and Family Development, and
the Ministry of Healthy living and Sport, the parent/caregiver booklet entitled Ready, Set, learn: Helping your
preschooler get ready for school is available in 13 languages and accessible on the Ministry of education’s web
site at: www.bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learning/rsl.




Annual Report 2009/2010                                                  19 |
In 2009/2010, over 27,000 preschoolers and 26,500 parents attended Ready, Set, learn events at 1,092 public
schools and 94 independent schools. StrongStart BC program facilitators coordinated Ready, Set, learn events
at over 300 public schools, providing coordination, promotion, facilitation of activities, and information on early
learning and StrongStart BC programs to families.

Full Day Kindergarten
Schools have offered half school day kindergarten for many years in British Columbia and some have also
offered full day programs for specific groups of children (Aboriginal, english language learners, and students
with special needs). In the 2009 Speech from the throne, government announced that universal access to full
day kindergarten would be phased in over two years. By September 2011, full day kindergarten will be available
across the province. Details about this initiative are available on the Ministry of education web site at: www.
bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learning/fdk/.
In october 2009, the Ministry of education hosted a provincial forum for education stakeholders to discuss the
implementation of full day kindergarten in British Columbia. participants included kindergarten teachers and
principals, school district staff, superintendents, independent school teachers, researchers, representatives from
stakeholder organizations, and staff from the Ministry of education and the Ministry of Children and Family
Development. A summary of the discussions and ideas is available on the Ministry of education web site at:
www.bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learning/fdk/.




“  I really enjoyed and respected the opportunity to share my thoughts and opinions on the imple-
   mentation of full day kindergarten. There was lots of great dialogue between teachers, school
   districts and the Ministry [of Education]
                                               ”                                            KInDeRGARten teACHeR


In 2010, several new resources were developed by the Ministry of education to support the implementation of
full day kindergarten:
the Full Day Kindergarten program Guide was developed to support teachers, principals and others in creating
high quality full day programs for kindergarten. It sets expectations for full day kindergarten programs in British
Columbia, summarizes current research findings, and suggests effective practices that can be put to immedi-
ate use in schools and kindergarten classrooms. the guide is available at: www.bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learning/
fdk/pdfs/fdk_program_guide.pdf.
the Suggested Full Day Kindergarten equipment list, available at www.bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learning/fdk/
pdfs/suggested_equipment.pdf , was developed to assist districts and schools to create developmentally
appropriate learning environments for kindergarten students.
the Full Day Kindergarten Recruitment, Selection and Retention toolkit, developed in partnership with Make
a Future – Careers in BC education, a division of the British Columbia public School employer’s Association,
provides strategies and resources to assist districts as they hire new kindergarten teachers. this resource is
available at: www.bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learning/fdk/professional/resources.htm.
the Full Day Kindergarten Information pamphlet provides information to parents on the benefits of full day
kindergarten programs, answers to commonly asked questions, and web links to find out more information. the
pamphlet is available in 13 languages on the Ministry of education web site at: www.bced.gov.bc.ca/early_learn-
ing/fdk/parent/pamphlet.htm.




                                       | 20                            B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Seeds of Empathy
Seeds of empathy (Soe) is a program designed to develop social and
emotional literacy in children ages three to five, and is based on its “par-
ent” program, Roots of empathy8. Soe fosters the development of social
and emotional competence, supports early literacy, and reduces child-
hood aggression, bullying and violence in schools and communities.
the Soe program has two main elements – family visits and literacy
circles. Family visits encourage children to observe how a baby is
developing and to examine and label the baby’s emotions as well as
their own. literacy circles are designed around a set of children’s books,
with literature coaches reading to the children and using stories to help
children explore their own feelings.
In 2009/2010, funding from the Ministry of Children and Family
Development supported Soe in the operation of its 14 Aboriginal
programs across B.C.


Key Action Area: Strengthen
Community Supports
Aboriginal Early Childhood Development
Regional Initiative
the Aboriginal early Childhood Development (AeCD) regional initiative
supports Aboriginal communities in the delivery of culturally appropri-
ate early childhood development services, both on and off reserve,
through 43 Aboriginal agencies across B.C. the goal of the initiative is to
increase the overall health and well-being of Aboriginal children and to
increase awareness, outreach and access to a wide range of culturally
appropriate programs and services.
Community-based programs funded through the initiative include
home visiting, infant development, pregnancy outreach, support to
at-risk parents/teens, teaching circles for parents and children, speech-
language development, family literacy, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
prevention, toy lending libraries, community kitchens, and Aboriginal
Head Start programs. the AeCD initiative is supported through regional
funding from the Ministry of Children and Family Development.

Aboriginal Early Childhood Development
Strategic Planning
together with other provincial and federal partners, the Ministry
of Children and Family Development supported First nations and
Aboriginal organizations, agencies and communities in creating two
coordinated strategic plans. one plan supported First nations, and the
other focused on Aboriginal people, including Métis, living off-reserve.


8 provincial funding of the Roots of empathy program was discontinued in oct. 2009 due to
funding challenges. In BC, the program continues to receive support from funders such as the
Vancouver Foundation and BC Hydro.


Annual Report 2009/2010                                                                        21 |
An Aboriginal Advisory Circle (AAC) was established to support the
development of the off-reserve Aboriginal early Years Strategic plan.
the AAC led an Aboriginal Community engagement strategy in the
fall and winter of 2008/2009. the final report, Creating pathways, a Five
Year early Years Strategic plan, was completed in the summer of 2009.
the First nations eCD Council guided the development of the BC First
nations early Childhood Development Framework. A draft framework
was submitted to the Ministry of Children and Family Development in
november 2009, pending community consultations.

Aboriginal Early Childhood Development Association
the Aboriginal early Childhood Development Association was formed
in 2009. It serves as a professional association for Aboriginal Infant
Development and Supported Child Development consultants, as well
as other Aboriginal early Childhood Development professionals such
as Aboriginal Head Start, Success By 6 initiatives and early childhood
development educators. the association hosted its first Annual General
Meeting at the IDp/AIDp/SCD/ASCD fall in-service in october 2009. the
association has attracted over 80 members in its inaugural year.

Children First
Children First is a community development initiative designed to
facilitate cross-sectoral partnerships and build community capacity to
support the healthy development of young children, birth to six years.
there are 45 initiatives across the province led by early childhood leaders
and local early childhood steering committees. through a collaborative,
inclusive, community-driven approach, the initiatives identify and plan
for the unique needs and priorities of their communities.
the objectives of Children First are to increase community capacity in
the early years; engage hard to reach families; increase opportunities
for early identification and screening; and improve overall outcomes for
children and families. to achieve these objectives, the initiatives focus
on the following core areas of community development: partnership
building and facilitation; public education and awareness; community
research; community planning; and evaluation.
Children First collaborates with other early childhood development
community partners such as, Success By 6, the Human early learning
partnership (Help), and Community Action program for Children, to
enhance early childhood services across B.C. the broad spectrum of
community partners, as well as the range of participants on the local
early childhood tables and coalitions, all serve to further early years
awareness and resources province-wide. Continued funding from the
Ministry of Children and Family Development supported the regional
initiatives through 2009/2010.




| 22                           B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Key developments in 2009/2010 included:
 † Involvement by local early childhood development community tables, including Richmond Children First,
   in the development of an early years framework for the Vancouver Coastal region.
 † Start up of a provincial working group comprised of representatives from the provincial Children First
   Advisory table, Success By 6, and other key partners–united Way and Help – to explore the development
   of a provincial early Years Community Development professional network.
 † publication of the book, Raising the Village: How Individuals and Communities Can Work together to
   Give our Children a Stronger Start In life. the book, which was written by two members of the Alberni
   Valley Make Children First network–tracy Smyth and tammy Dewar, is a “how-to” book on building and
   strengthening group processes behind early years community work.



“ Community development is a process that facilitates a community’s ability to thrive by
  empowering both individuals and groups. Building on their strengths, needs and interests, par-
  ticipants gain the skills needed to effect change in their own communities through collaboration
  within these communities.  
                               ”
    RAISInG tHe VIllAGe: HoW InDIVIDuAlS AnD CoMMunItIeS CAn WoRK toGetHeR to GIVe ouR CHIlDRen A StRonGeR
                                                                    StARt In lIFe (tRACY SMYtH, tAMMY DeWAR)




“ The province has been an international pioneer in the development of a community-based
  infrastructure to support collaborative planning for young children and families. Through initia-
  tives like Children First and Success By 6, we have managed, for young children and families, for
  minimal cost, to build a network of effective local leadership for children.
                                                                                 ”
                                                                               DR. ClYDe HeRtzMAn, DIReCtoR,
                                            HuMAn eARlY leARnInG pARtneRSHIp, unIVeRSItY oF BRItISH ColuMBIA



Success By 6®
Success By 6 (SB6) is an internationally branded united Way initiative that supports communities working
together to improve outcomes for children, birth to six years, by ensuring access to resources and programs
that support healthy child development and growth.
In British Columbia, SB6 is led by the early Childhood Development provincial partnership (eCDpp). the
eCDpp is a unique partnership that includes the united Ways, Credit unions of BC, and the B.C. Government,
represented by the Ministry of Children and Family Development. Since 2003, this partnership has guided the
successful development of 20 regional SB6 initiatives that reach an estimated 250 communities across B.C.
the regional SB6 initiatives support local early childhood development community tables or coalitions; build
public awareness about the importance of the early years; conduct research into community needs of young
children and their families and establish funding priorities; expand the scope of community partnerships and
collaborations; and leverage funding and resources.
the regional initiatives are supported by 16 united Ways, 42 credit unions and more than 500 “community
partners”– business leaders and other non-traditional partners working together to support the early years
in communities province-wide. In collaboration with a growing network of partners, SB6 works collectively
with an estimated 110 cross-sectoral tables, including 19 Council of partners, to improve outcomes for young
children in B.C.

Annual Report 2009/2010                                              23 |
As of March 1, 2010, Government’s investment in the provincial SB6 initiative reached $24.5 million. In addition,
SB6 has raised and leveraged about $20 million in community funds and other resources to support SB6 and
early years programs and services.
Key developments in 2009/2010 included:
 † over 450 SB6-funded programs and projects focused on early childhood development.
 † expansion of the eCDpp to include a new partner – the BC Association of Aboriginal Friendship Centres,
   represented by its executive Director – to enhance understanding of the needs of Aboriginal children and
   families and contribute to the ongoing Aboriginal engagement strategy.
 † establishment of the Funding Really early Development (FReD) initiative in the Central okanagan, which
   brought together several groups across the region involved with funding programs for children. By pool-
   ing funds and decision-making processes, FReD is better able to meet the needs of young children in the
   Central okanagan.
 † partnering of SB6 with Children First and representatives from the business community in the thompson
   nicola Cariboo region, to develop a Family Friendly initiative. the initiative developed resources to
   educate businesses and employers on how they can support families, and through this, support children.



“  At all levels of Success By 6 – community, regional and provincial – exciting new alliances are
   being formed and the networks of supporters connected to this important work continues to
   expand and strengthen.
                             ”                                                          KIM loCKHARt, CHAIR, eCDpp




“ Our United Way believes in the vision of Success By 6 and sees the value of our coordinators work.
  Supporting young children is one of the greatest economic investments we can make. Our United
  Way is committed to strong families and healthy children.
                                                                   ”        BRenDA AYnSleY, exeCutIVe DIReCtoR,
                                                                          tHoMpSon nIColA CARIBoo unIteD WAY



Success By 6® Aboriginal Engagement
Since the implementation of its Aboriginal engagement Strategy in 2006, Success By 6 has continued to
work with Aboriginal communities to enhance the lives of young Aboriginal children and families across
B.C. Aboriginal SB6 coordinators, in collaboration with the Aboriginal community, are focused on increasing
representation in SB6 initiatives, strengthening community capacity, increasing cultural awareness within
the context of Aboriginal early childhood development and promoting awareness of the importance of the
early years.
In 2009/2010, approximately 75 Aboriginal-specific projects were funded by SB6 to support community-
identified early childhood development priorities. In addition, 300 Connections Box kits were completed, with
another 200 in production. the Connections Box kit is an interactive cultural resource designed to engage
parents and caregivers directly with their children, and to promote greater awareness about the importance of
the early years in a child’s development. Development continued on an Aboriginal Strategic planning resource
that is intended to reflect Aboriginal perspectives, approaches and understandings within the context of
Aboriginal communities and cultures.


                                       | 24                            B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
“  Since our early years, Success By 6 has worked in Aboriginal
   and non-Aboriginal communities throughout the province to
   build partnerships and work collaboratively with people and
   groups from all sectors. We believe that through collaborative
   action we can do more to improve the lives of young adults.
                                  KIM ADAMSon, SB6, pRoVInCIAl MAnAGeR
                                                                       ”
British Columbia Healthy Child Development Alliance
the British Columbia Healthy Child Development Alliance is a coalition
of health, social, education, research and community organizations
sharing a common interest in supporting the healthy development of
children in B.C. the purpose of the Alliance is to provide leadership in
encouraging and supporting the development and implementation
of policies and strategies that ensure the healthy development of all
children in B.C.
In 2009/2010, the Alliance continued to meet on a regular basis to
discuss and provide input on a variety of early childhood development
initiatives and activities across the province such as full day kindergarten,
the early Development Instrument, infant and early childhood mental
health and the eCD program evaluation project.

Early Childhood Development Evaluation Project
the early Childhood Development (eCD) evaluation project is focused
on creating an integrated evaluation and reporting system for early
childhood development in B.C. that supports four long-term outcomes:
mothers are healthy and give birth to infants who remain healthy;
children experience healthy early child development, including optimal
early learning and care; parents are empowered and supported to
nurture and care for their children; and communities support the
development of all children and families.
the project, which was initiated in 2005, is led by the eCD Funders
network including the united Way of the lower Mainland (Success By
6), the Ministry of Children and Family Development, the public Health
Agency of Canada, the Human early learning partnership, among others,
and funded through support from the Max Bell Foundation.
In 2009/2010, the eCD evaluation project focused on two areas: roll-
ing out the community capacity building evaluation across B.C. and
developing a model to evaluate a range of parent education and
support programs.
Community Capacity Building evaluation: 75 communities in B.C. par-
ticipated in the roll-out of the evaluation. the evaluation showed that
the initiatives were successful in building partnerships, developing eCD
community plans, raising local awareness of the importance of the early



Annual Report 2009/2010                                                  25 |
years and improving access to eCD programs for low-income families, Aboriginal families, and families living in
rural or remote communities.
parent Support and education program evaluation: A logic model and parent survey were developed based
on the work of international scholar, Dr. Carl Dunst. the parent survey was piloted with seven different types
of programs and was completed by approximately 470 parents. the parent surveys showed a high level of
family-centred practice at participating sites and an increase in the parenting ability of parents participating in
the programs.




“ The 2009 evaluation showed outstanding progress in building community capacity for young
  children across BC. Over time and with continued investment in community capacity building, I
  expect that there will be even greater benefits for young children and their families in B.C.
                                                                                                           ”
                                                                   VeRA RADYo, eCD eVAluAtIon pRoJeCt MAnAGeR



Early Childhood Development Research Initiatives
British Columbia continues to invest in research initiatives that support the development of early childhood
development programs and services based on the best possible science.




                                        | 26                           B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Human Early Learning Partnership
the Human early learning partnership (Help) is a collaborative, interdisciplinary research network that con-
tributes to new knowledge in early childhood development and enhances the quality of children’s early years.
Help links over 200 faculty, researchers, and graduate students from five B.C. universities:
 † university of British Columbia Vancouver campus and okanagan campus (Kelowna).
 † university of Victoria (Victoria).
 † Simon Fraser university (Burnaby).
 † university of northern British Columbia (prince George).
 † thompson Rivers university (Kelowna).
In 2009/2010, the Ministries of Children and Family Development, education and Healthy living and Sport
provided Help with $3.2 million in funding to support early childhood development research initiatives, includ-
ing the annual implementation of the early Development Instrument (eDI) across B.C.
the eDI is a research tool that assesses the state of children’s development at kindergarten by gathering data
on five areas of child development: physical health and well-being; social competence; emotional maturity;
language and cognitive development; and communications skills and general knowledge. the eDI is funda-
mental in monitoring progress in reducing children’s vulnerability.
In 2009/2010, the eDI was rolled out electronically for the first time; eDI results were subsequently captured
earlier. Fifty-three of 59 school districts participated in the eDI and an estimated 1,300 teachers in school
districts province-wide received eDI teacher training in January and February 2010.
In fall 2009, Help published a report titled, “15 by 15: A Comprehensive policy Framework for early Human
Capital Investment in BC.” the report was developed by Dr. paul Kershaw and other Help researchers, includ-
ing Dr. Clyde Hertzman. the report acknowledges current research support of early investments in human
capital, rather than costly interventions later in life, and proposes a fundamental shift within government that
incorporates stronger early childhood development policy and investments as part of the long-term provincial
economic strategy.
other 2009/2010 Help Research Highlights9:
 † Help affiliates, both at uBC and from across the province, continued to research diverse topics including
   brain development, cognitive, social and emotional development, social inclusion, child care, community
   development and Aboriginal early years.
 † In 2009, Help faculty and affiliates published over 170 papers along with several seminal reports and
   books relating to early childhood development.
 † the Gene expression Collaborative for Kids only (GeCKo) project began. the research, led by Dr. W.
   thomas Boyce, examines how different social environments influence children’s gene expression and
   how children learn to use their abilities to respond to challenge. the GeCKo project may help in reducing
   health disparities in B.C. children and in designing programs that can help children do better in school.
 † Help’s early Childhood Screening Research and evaluation unit provided key findings to government
   partners and regional health authorities regarding early childhood dental health.
 † A landmark study, conducted by Jennifer lloyd of Help found that the neighbourhoods in which children
   reside at kindergarten predict their reading comprehension skills seven years later. the study is the
   first of its kind to compare the relative effects of neighbourhood poverty at early childhood and early
   adolescence.




9 october 19, 2010, compiled from Help HIGHlIGHtS (2009-2010 Fiscal Year). Full report is located at: http://www.earlylearning.ubc.ca/wp-uploads/
web.help.ubc.ca/2010/04/2009-2010-HELP-CFIS-annual-report.pdf


Annual Report 2009/2010                                                                    27 |
Early Learning and Child Care:
Major Activities and
Accomplishments 2009/2010
Early Learning and Child Care in British Columbia
the Government of British Columbia recognizes the significant social
benefits and importance of quality early learning and child care
programs for a prosperous economy. Research shows that quality early
learning and child care plays an important role in promoting the social,
emotional and cognitive development of young children. Children who
experience nurturing and stimulating environments arrive at school
with a greater capacity for learning and a greater opportunity to maxi-
mize their potential.
the province remains committed to supporting a sustainable early learn-
ing and child care system in which families can choose from a range of
affordable, safe, quality child care and early learning options that meet
the diverse needs of children and families across B.C.

Early Learning and Child Care Multilateral Framework
In 2009/2010, B.C. received $45.7 million from the federal government to
support early learning and child care services for children from birth to
age six, under the 2003 early learning and Child Care (elCC) Multilateral
Framework. In addition, B.C. received $33 million to support the creation
of child care spaces in communities across the province. this latter fund-
ing commitment was announced in the federal government’s Budget
2007 where a $250 million annual federal investment to provinces
and territories to support the creation of new child care spaces was
introduced.

Child Care Programs in British Columbia
British Columbia has a variety of programs that support affordable,
accessible and inclusive child care services.

Child Care Subsidy Program
the Child Care Subsidy program supports low-and moderate-income
families in communities across British Columbia with the cost of child
care. the amount of subsidy depends on family income and size, ages,
and number of children, and the type of child care provided. Full or
partial subsidies allow parents to choose from the following child care
options to best meet their needs:
 † licensed, registered or licence-not-required family child care.
 † licensed group child care.
 † licensed out-of-school care.
 † licensed preschool.
 † Child care in the child’s home.


| 28                           B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
In 2009/2010, the Child Care Subsidy program supported more than 29,000
children per month with an investment by government of $147.8 million.

Child Care Operating Funding Program
the Child Care operating Funding (CCoF) program provides operating
funding to assist licensed group and family child care providers with
the day-to-day costs of providing child care. Funding is available for all
licensed care types, with the exception of occasional Child Care and
Residential Care, and funding amounts are based on enrolment. the
CCoF program supports child care providers across the province to
deliver quality, responsive services that meet the needs of children and
their families.
In 2009/2010, the province supported over 5,000 licensed group and
family child care providers and funded over 97,000 child care spaces
though the CCoF program.

Child Care Capital Funding Program
Major Capital Funding Program
the province’s Major Capital Funding program supports child care
providers to purchase equipment, build, renovate or expand existing
child care facilities to create new licensed child care spaces. there was
no new funding for the Major Capital program in 2009/2010.

Minor Capital Funding Program
the province’s Minor Capital Funding program provides funding to assist
licensed, group child care providers with emergency repairs or upgrades,
replacement of equipment and furnishings and moving costs. this fund-
ing supports child care providers to meet licensing requirements.
In 2009/2010, the province provided almost $540,000 in Minor Capital
Funding to support approximately 240 licensed child care facilities.

Child Care Resource and Referral Program
the Child Care Resource and Referral (CCRR) program provides support,
resources and referral services for child care providers and parents across
the province. CCRR agencies help parents make informed choices about
quality child care by providing information and referrals for local child
care providers and child care services and by providing educational
opportunities and information on child care subsidy, including assist-
ance with applications. CCRR agencies also support child care providers
by providing business consultations, workshops and networking oppor-
tunities, referrals and registration, and access to child care resources.
thirty-eight local contracted agencies and one contracted provincial
agency – the BC Aboriginal Child Care Society (BCACCS) – provide CCRR
services to more than 400 communities across B.C.




Annual Report 2009/2010                                                 29 |
Highlights for 2009/2010 included:
 † over 29,000 families received referrals to local child care services.
 † 877 workshops and 296 courses were provided to child care providers.
 † 819 licence-not-required providers were registered (as of March 31, 2010).
 † More than 25,850 parents were assisted with their Child Care Subsidy application and inquiries.
 † More than 3,900 consultations were provided by BCACCS and 23 locations received culturally specific
   training courses and workshops.
 † 12,763 participants received training (382 workshops, 100 courses and 27 conferences) which was sup-
   ported by regional funding from the Ministry of Children and Development.

Supported Child Development Program
the Supported Child Development (SCD) program is a family centred, community-based program that assists
families and child care providers to fully include children with extra support needs in typical child care settings.
the program serves children from birth to 12, with services for youth 13 to 19 years available in some commun-
ities. Services include individualized planning, training, information and resources, referrals to other specialized
services and when required, staffing supports. An estimated 9,700 children and youth are receiving support
from the SCD program.
In July 2009, the professional Development user Guide was released. this promotes access to bursary funds
for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal consultants in the fields of Infant Development and Supported Child
Development.

Aboriginal Supported Child Development
Aboriginal Supported Child Development (ASCD) provides culturally-appropriate support services to children
with special needs. Services are provided in child care centres or home and community environments.
Developed and run by local Aboriginal communities, programs are culturally responsive to their commun-
ity. Services are provided for children birth to 12 years of age who have a developmental delay or disabil-
ity. Currently, there are 19 ASCD programs running in B.C., another five ASCD programs embedded within SCD
agencies and a further 18 ASCD initiatives under development.
the Aboriginal Supported Child Development Manual was developed in 2009/2010. the manual includes a
common set of program guidelines, an outline of recommended practices, and sample templates and forms.
this resource will assist emerging and existing ASCD programs in service delivery.

Recognition of Child Care Professionals
In 2009/2010, the province hosted two award programs that recognized the valuable contribution of child care
professionals and child care centres in delivering high quality child care programs and services in communities
across B.C.
the Child Care Awards of excellence honour outstanding child care providers who make exceptional contribu-
tions to the development and growth of children in B.C. In 2009/2010, twelve child care professionals received
Awards of excellence.
the Child Care legacy Awards honour licensed child care centres in B.C. that have provided services to chil-
dren and families in their communities for more than 40 years. In 2009/2010, nine child care centres received
legacy Awards.




                                        | 30                            B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Appendix A: Early Learning and Child Care Indicators
Public Reporting
In the First Ministers’ Communiqué on early Childhood Development (2000), governments committed to
report annually to Canadians on investments and progress in the area of early childhood development.
Specifically, Ministers agreed to report on all early learning and child care programs and services as defined in
this communiqué. Reports are to include:
 † Descriptive and expenditure information on all early learning and child care programs and services;
 † Indicators of availability, such as number of spaces in early learning and child care settings, broken down
   by age of child and type of setting;
 † Indicators of affordability, such as number of children receiving subsidies, income and social eligibility for
   fee subsidies, and maximum subsidy by age of child; and Indicators of quality, such as training require-
   ments, child/caregiver ratios and group size, where available.
Governments agreed to publicly release baseline information by the end of november 2003, with annual
reports released beginning in november 2004. British Columbia’s baseline report and subsequent annual
reports can be found at the Ministry of Children and Family Development web site: http://www.mcf.gov.bc.ca/
early_childhood/publications.htm.

Data Sources
Data for this report is drawn from a variety of sources, including the child care operating funding and child care
subsidy system datamarts, statutes and regulations and other administrative databases.
the indicators are divided into three broad categories: availability, affordability and quality. Data sources are
listed, along with relevant caveats for each measure.

Future Reports
the indicators in this report establish the measures upon which future reports will be based and allow com-
parison over time.

Availability Indicators
Access to quality child care is important to children, parents, employers and society as a whole. Children
cared for in safe, enriching environments do well socially, emotionally and cognitively. parents can prepare for,
seek and retain employment knowing their children are safe and well cared for. employers benefit from staff
productivity that is supported by reduced stress and absenteeism caused by unsatisfactory and unstable child
care arrangements. Society as a whole benefits when its citizens are economically, socially and emotionally
secure.
In British Columbia, quality regulated child care in a variety of child care settings is available, including licensed
group and family child care settings. table 1 provides an overview of the number of children under age six in
the province.




Annual Report 2009/2010                                                   31 |
Table 1: Population of children by age
                       2002/20031
      Age                                   2006/2007                     2007/2008                        2008/2009                    2009/2010
                        Baseline
       <1                40,139                40,871                       42,306                           44,065                        46,337
        1                40,790                41,205                        41,778                           43,183                       45,041
        2                42,125                41,290                       41,900                           42,838                        45,193
        3                43,042               41,994                         41,822                          42,449                        44,180
        4                44,009                41,379                        42,547                          42,746                       43,668
        5                46,005               42,545                         41,991                          42,864                        43,294
     Total              256,110              249,281                       252,344                          258,145                       267,173
1. the totals in population for 2002/2003 and 2003/2004 have been revised from the 2003/2004 Annual Report totals due to calculation errors in the
earlier report.


Funded Full-time Licensed Spaces
table 2 provides an overview of the number of full-time licensed spaces available to children under the age of
six. the 2003 parent Child Care needs Assessment Survey found that 46 percent of families with children under
six used some form of non-parental child care.
Table 2: Funded Full-Time Licensed Spaces (available to children under the age of six)
 Funded Full-time Licensed                      2002/2003
                                                                      2006/2007              2007/2008             2008/2009              2009/2010
 Spaces2                                        Baseline3
 Group 0 – 36 months                               2,936                 4,440                  4,788                  5,287                 5,864
 Group 3 – 5 years                                                        17,957                19,772                 21,426                23,068
                                                   39,651
 Group Preschool   4
                                                                         18,790                 19,910                 20,176                20,577
 Licensed Family Child Care                        3,284                 14,441                 14,635                 15,562                16,047

 Special Needs and Emergency                       ——                      225                   200                    173                   104

 Group Multi-Age5                                   n/a                    n/a                   n/a                    623                   1,205
 TOTAL                                            45,871                 55,853                59,305                  63,247               66,865
2. the “funded licensed full-time spaces” is based on the number of spaces a facility is licensed to offer and that receives government child care operating
funding for children enrolled in those spaces.
3. In 2002/2003, funding programs for licensed child care included Compensation Contribution program for group child care providers and Infant/toddler
Incentive Grant for licensed Family Child Care providers.
4. licensed preschool programs are not full-day programs – a preschool facility can run more than one program a day, e.g. morning and afternoon
sessions.
5. the Group Multi-Age care type was introduced in 2008/2009


Child Care Resource and Referral Program
the province’s Child Care Resource and Referral (CCRR) program assists parents to locate and access child care.
table 3 shows the number of parent consultations and referrals to child care and community services.
Table 3: No. of Parent Referrals/Consultations by CCRRs
            2002/2003 Baseline                     2006/2007                     2007/2008                 2008/2009                   2009/2010
                  54,366                                97,835                     88,659                     89,468                      79,674


Affordability Indicators
Access to child care is recognized as a vital component in achieving government’s goal of assisting low and
moderate-income parents to gain employment and achieve financial independence. the Child Care Subsidy
program helps fulfill this goal by supporting families to access child care that best meets their needs. In table 4,
data for the average number of children receiving subsidy per month is provided, as well as the subsidy levels
based on family income.

                                                        | 32                                    B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Table 4: Average No. of Children Receiving Subsidy per Month and Subsidization Levels
                                                             2002/2003
                                                                                  2006/2007           2007/2008      2008/2009     2009/2010
                                                              Baseline
 Average number of children receiving subsidy per
                                                                25,263              23,2487               24,841       27,251         29,155
 month6
 Subsidization levels (max) based on family
 net income:
 One parent, one child, Group Care (ages 3 – 5)
  – Full Subsidy                                               $15,564              $30,984             $30,984       $30,984        $30,984
  – Partial Subsidy                                            $21,912              $44,184             $44,184       $44,184        $44,184
 Two parents, two children, Family Child Care
  – Full Subsidy                                               $19,596              $35,016               $35,016     $35,016        $35,016
  – Partial Subsidy                                            $33,744              $64,416               $64,416     $64,416        $64,416
6. System improvements were made to enable accurate reporting of the number of children receiving subsidy, broken down by age and licensed child
care arrangement. the refinements in the information system have resulted in a revised baseline for 2002/2003, 2003/2004 and 2005/2006.
7. Figure adjusted to reflect accurate 2006/2007 amount.


Quality Indicators
While the family environment is the single most important influence on a child’s health and well-being, one of
the most important environments for children outside the home is a quality child care setting.
Government, in partnership with parents, providers and the larger community, has an important role to play
in supporting a quality child care system. licensing requirements provide standards that support quality child
care. CCRR programs provide professional development workshops, courses and conferences, and support
licensed and licence-not-required child care providers in B.C. (table 5). through these services, CCRRs also
contribute to the support of a quality child care system.
Table 5: Ratio of Adults to Children and No. of New Early Childhood Educators
                                                                2002/2003
                                                                                    2006/2007           2007/2008    2008/2009     2009/2010
                                                                 Baseline
 Licensed ratios:
 GROUP8
   – 0–36 months old                                                 1:4                 1:4                  1:4         1:4           1:4
   – 3–5 years Group                                                 1:8                 1:8                  1:8         1:8           1:8
   – Preschool                                                      1:15                1:15                 1:10        1:10          1:10
   – Out of School                                                  1:10                1:10                 1:10        1:10          1:10
 FAMILY                                                              1:7                 1:7                  1:7         1:7           1:7
 MULTI-AGE                                                            0                   0                   1:8         1:8           1:8
 Number of new early childhood educators certified                  622                 833                  740        683            1328
 Number of new Infant/Toddler certified early child-
                                                                    189                 203                  173         221           296
 hood educators
 Number of new Special Needs Educator certifications
                                                                    126                 128                  127         170           250
 to early childhood educators
 Workshops/courses offered by CCRRs
  – Number of courses                                               1,095               1,265                995        1,197          1,173
  – Number of participants                                         14,332              15,472               14,186     18,694         16,387
8. For a description of group, family and multi-age care types, refer to the child care licensing regulation.

the introduction of the licensure of early childhood educator assistants in november 2007 was fully imple-
mented by early 2008. early childhood educator assistants play an integral role in providing child care services
throughout B.C.




Annual Report 2009/2010                                                                            33 |
Accessibility
parents and children have varying needs and thus child care services must be responsive to the requirements
of Aboriginal children, children in various cultural and linguistic circumstances and children with differing
abilities. Moreover, child care delivery needs to use flexible approaches that address a range of family and
employment circumstances, including extended hours and weekend care.
B.C. supports inclusive and accessible child care for all children including those with special needs. the
Supported Child Development program provides training and support to child care facilities (table 6), provid-
ing supports so that children with special needs can attend child care alongside their peers.
Table 6: No. of children assisted through the Supported Child Development Program
                                                  2002/2003
                                                                     2006/2007           2007/2008          2008/2009          2009/2010
                                                   Baseline
 Number of children assisted through the
                                                     3,061              5,7009             8,99410            9,00011            9,70012
 Supported Child Development Program
9. Data received from program area.
10. Data received from program area; includes both Supported Child Development program and Aboriginal Supported Child Development program data.
11. While an estimated 9,000 children and youth received services through the Supported Child Development program in 2008/2009, approximately
19,200 children and youth were in contact with the program during that time period.
12. Data received from Research, evaluation and Accreditation Branch

to improve the quality and accessibility of child care spaces for Aboriginal children, government provides
funding to the British Columbia Aboriginal Child Care Society (BCACCS) to provide child care resource and
referral services to Aboriginal early childhood programs and families throughout the province. Some services
provided by BCACCS include: culturally specific training workshops; a lending library; rotating curriculum
boxes; a travelling child care advisor; hosting an annual conference and providing communication materials,
such as newsletters.




                                                 | 34                                   B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s
Appendix B: 2009/2010 Program Expenditure Summary
                                                                          Baseline
                                                                                                                                Increase (decrease)
 Early Childhood Development                      Ministry                2000/2001               2009/2010 $(000s)
                                                                                                                                $(000s)
                                                                          $(000s)
 Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy
 Aboriginal Maternal Health – Doula Initiative            MOHS                      0                          50                          50
 Childhood Immunizations                                  MOHS                    5,923                      6,502                        579
 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder                          MCFD                     175                        256                          81
 Infant Development Program                               MCFD                    6,877                      14,657                      7,780
 Midwifery Program                                        MOHS                    3,064                      18,000                      14,936
 Shaken Baby/Purple Crying                                MCFD                      0                         383                         383
 Total                                                                           16,039                     39,848                      23,809
 Parental and Family Supports
 Adoption Support Services                                MCFD                     2,157                     13,633                      11,476
 BC Nurseline                                             MOHS                      0                        2,600                       2,600
 Building Blocks                                          MCFD                    2,166                      4,380                        2,214
 Child & Family Focused Supports   13
                                                          MCFD                    30,524                     32,558                      2,034
 Family Resource Programs                                 MCFD                      0                        1,424                        1,424
 BC Healthy Kids Program                                  MHSD                    6,537                      10,200                      3,663
 Total                                                                           41,384                     64,795                       23,411
 Early Childhood Development Care & Learning
 ASD – Autism Diagnosis & Assessment                      MOHS                     236                        1,112                       876
 ASD – Early Intensive intervention Services              MCFD                      0                        22,772                      22,772
 Books for Kindergarten                                   MED                       0                          40                          40
 Consultation for Complex Condition – Child               MOHS                      0                         1,013                       1,013
 Early Intervention Services                              MCFD                    19,161                     25,582                       6,421
 Public Health Nursing/Speech, Audiology,
                                                          MOHS                    72,169                     72,000                       3,831
 Nutrition, Dental
 Ready, Set, Learn                                        MED                       0                        2,729                       2,729
 Roots of Empathy (includes Seeds of
                     14
                                                          MED                       0                         919                         919
 Empathy)
 StrongStart Centres                                      MED                       0                        11,232                      11,232
 Total                                                                           91,566                     141,399                     49,833
 Community Supports
 Aboriginal – ECD Initiatives                             MCFD                      0                         7,123                       7,123
 Children First Initiatives                               MCFD                     1,113                     3,912                       2,799
 ECD Community Initiatives                                MCFD                      0                        2,059                       2,059
 ECD Provincial Partnership (SB6)15                       MCFD                      0                        5,000                       5,000
 ECD Research Initiatives                          MCFD/MED/MHLS                    0                        3,296                       3,296
 Totals                                                                           1,113                     21,390                       20,277
 Grand Total                                                                     150,102                    267,432                     117,330
13. Includes funding for At Home program, Child and Youth Workers, Homemaker/Home Support for families including those with children with special
needs, nursing Support Services, parent support for families with children with special needs, protective family support programs, Respite, Respite
services for families with children with special needs, non-protective Family Support programs and professional support for children with special needs.
14. Funding for Roe was discontinued in oct. 2009 due to fiscal environment; however, MCFD provided $0.073M in funding for Seeds of empathy
(Aboriginal programs) in 2009/2010.
15. $5M in grant funding was issued at 2009/2010 fiscal year end; however, the funding was allocated as follows: $3.5M for SB6 2010/2011 budget year;
$1.5M for 2011/12 budget year.



Annual Report 2009/2010                                                                        35 |
                                                                                Baseline                                          Increase
 Early Learning and Child Care16                          Ministry                                   2009/2010 $(000s)
                                                                            2002/2003 $(000s)                                (decrease) $(000s)

 Supported Child Development                                MCFD                    21,410                  37,803                   16,393

 Child Care Operating Funding Program                       MCFD                    21,449                  55,882                  34,433

 Child Care Capital Funding Program                         MCFD                     1,265                   1,094                   (171)17

 Child Care Resource and Referral Program                   MCFD                     7,376                   8,194                    818

 Child Care Subsidy                                         MCFD                    46,553                  88,655                  42,102

 Total                                                                             98,053                  191,628                  93,575

16. estimated expenditures for children, 0-6 years.
17. As a result of changes to the government-wide grant policy, no new major capital grants were provided and the maximum annual claim for minor
capital projects was reduced.




                                                   | 36                                      B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ’s E a r l y Ye a r s

								
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