December 20, 2007
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1. Key Setbacks Dim Luster Of Democrats' Year
(Washington Post)....Jonathan Weisman and Paul Kane
...Unable to garner enough votes from their own party, House Democratic leaders had to turn to Republicans to win
passage of a $555 billion domestic spending bill after the Senate appended $70 billion to it for the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan. The war funding passed 272 to 142, with Democrats voting 141 to 78 against it.
2. House OKs Spending Bill
(Washington Times)....S.A. Miller
...The bill, which funds every Cabinet agency except the Pentagon and provides $70 billion for the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan, passed 272-142 and finished Congress' work for the year.
3. Congress OKs $70B Budget For War Funds
Congress approved $70 billion Wednesday for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan after majority Democrats
failed to advance withdrawals of U.S. troops from the countries.
4. Pelosi Says Democrats Will Focus On Iraq Policy, Not On War Funding
(Washington Examiner)....Susan Ferrechio
...Pelosi told a group of reporters that she still aims to end the war, but rather than trying to force Bush to redeploy
troops by threatening to cut off funds, Democrats will instead focus on passing Iraq war bills that deal with policy.
5. Congress Sets Limits On Aid To Pakistan
(Washington Post)....Glenn Kessler
Congress yesterday slapped restrictions on military aid to Pakistan and withheld $50 million of the administration's
$300 million request until Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice can certify that Islamabad is restoring democratic
rights, including an independent judiciary.
6. Senate OK's More Small-Business Aid To Newest Veterans
(Boston Globe)....Bryan Bender
The Senate approved legislation yesterday to expand small-business loans and other government benefits for military
reservists and veterans serving in Iraq and Afghanistan - a victory for two New England lawmakers who pushed for
7. General: Enemy Still Capable Of 'Spectacular Attacks'
(USA Today)....Patrick Quinn, Associated Press
The top U.S. commander in northern Iraq warned Wednesday that al-Qaeda in Iraq was still capable of staging
spectacular attacks despite a 50% drop in bombings and other violence in his region.
8. U.S. Releases Iranian Detained In Kurdish City In 2004
(Los Angeles Times)....Alexandra Zavis
The American military has released an Iranian detainee, officials from the U.S. and Iran said Wednesday, as the two
countries prepared for a new round of talks on security in Iraq.
9. U.S. Investigating Marine In Iraqi Policeman’s Death
(New York Times)....Stephen Farrell
A United States marine is at the center of an American military investigation into the death on Monday of an Iraqi
policeman from what appears to have been a knife fight between the men at a base jointly staffed by American and
Iraqi forces in Anbar Province, a military spokesman said.
10. Kurds Push For Oil And Power Sharing
(Washington Times)....Damien McElroy, London Daily Telegraph
Kurdish leaders in northern Iraq threatened to withdraw support from the Baghdad government if demands for
federal power sharing and a fair share of the oil wealth are not met.
11. Do U.S. Prisons In Iraq Breed Insurgents?
(Christian Science Monitor)....Gordon Lubold
Nearly 30,000 detainees crowd two American-run detention facilities, and one US officer wants to set many free.
12. Iraqi Refugees Return, And Are Stranded
(New York Times)....Cara Buckley
...The American military has expressed deep concerns about the Iraqi government’s ability to feed and house its
returnees, or manage people who wish to reclaim their homes. It is widely feared that property disputes or efforts to
return to newly homogenized neighborhoods could set off fresh waves of sectarian attacks.
13. Iraq's Sunnis Celebrate Holiday With A Renewed Vigor
(Los Angeles Times)....Alexandra Zavis and Said Rifai
They venture out to mark Eid al-Adha in Baghdad and other cities that are experiencing a relative calm.
14. Military Sets Sights On At Least 15,000 MRAPs
(USA Today)....Tom Vanden Brook
The Pentagon remains committed to buying at least 15,000 new armored vehicles to withstand roadside bombs and
may seek more based on requests from commanders in Afghanistan, Pentagon press secretary Geoff Morrell said
15. In Wartime Calls Home, The Art Of Being Positive
(USA Today)....Rick Hampson
With communicating easier than ever, troops, families walk fine line.
16. GI Accuses Military Of Religious Violations
(Denver Rocky Mountain News)....John Milburn, Associated Press
A foundation that has sued the military alleging widespread violations of religious freedom said Tuesday that it has
evidence showing that soldiers are pressured to adopt fundamentalist Christian beliefs.
17. President Approves Realignment Of The Army
(New York Times)....Thom Shanker
President Bush has approved what officials are describing as the most significant realignment of the Army since
World War II, signing off on a plan that will keep more troops than previously envisioned in Europe and add large
numbers of soldiers to bases in Colorado, Georgia and Texas, Army officials said Wednesday.
18. Army To Create Six Brigades For Bases In U.S.
(Philadelphia Inquirer)....Lolita C. Baldor, Associated Press
...Cody said the decision to keep two brigades in Germany for several more years was based on requests from
commanders in Europe to maintain troop levels there, and the need to ensure that troops returning to the United
States had proper housing and other facilities at their new base.
President Bush visits wounded troops at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington.
20. General Orders Review Of Cheating
(Boston Globe)....Bryan Bender
The four-star general in charge of Army training has ordered a review to determine how many soldiers may have
cheated on online tests to obtain promotion points - and to identify the steps the military must take to secure the
compromised courses, the Army said in a statement yesterday.
21. GI's Hopes Appear Dashed
(Atlanta Journal-Constitution)....Moni Basu
The good news that a Winder soldier received last month soured this week as the Army decided to press ahead with
22. Inquiry Cites Friendly Fire In Deaths Of Two Soldiers
(Washington Post)....Associated Press
Two U.S. soldiers who died in Iraq in February were killed by "friendly fire," according to a military investigation,
which cited poor training and planning.
23. Parents Want Army Officials Held Accountable In Son's Suicide
(Tampa Tribune)....Kimberly Hefling, Associated Press
Pfc. Jason Scheuerman nailed a suicide note to his barracks closet in Iraq, stepped inside and shot himself.
24. You Know The Drill
(San Diego Union-Tribune)....Steve Liewer and Rick Rogers
Abuse of Marine recruits officially banned, but ...
25. Indiana Brothers Say It's Their Turn To Serve Country
(USA Today)....Robert King, The Indianapolis Star
Stoppenhagen trio to leave behind Mom, Dad for tours of duty in Iraq.
26. Dead Soldier Is Identified As N.C. Woman
(Washington Post)....Tom Jackman
A soldier who was found dead at Fort Belvoir on Monday was identified yesterday as Carolyn Farrar-Johnson, 58,
and authorities said she was from North Carolina.
27. For Turkey And U.S., A Delicate Issue Of Cooperation In Combating Militant Kurds
(New York Times)....Helene Cooper
Turkey provided the United States with ample warning that it was making an incursion into Iraq this week, officials
from the State and Defense Departments said Wednesday.
28. U.S. And Turkey Work To Cut Fallout From Strike
(Philadelphia Inquirer)....Pauline Jelinek, Associated Press
U.S. and Turkish military officials worked yesterday to streamline procedures for any future Turkish attacks against
Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq after top American officials in Baghdad expressed anger at how Sunday's Turkish air
29. Iran Hails Fuel From Russia As Building Ties
(Baltimore Sun)....Associated Press
Iran called this week's delivery by Russia of fuel for its first nuclear reactor a step in strengthening ties between the
two countries and a sign of Moscow's confidence that Iran's nuclear program is peaceful.
30. Syria Was Offered Nuclear Technology
(Boston Globe)....Associated Press
Syria received a letter purportedly written by the head of the same nuclear black market that supplied Iran and Libya
with technology but did not respond, the country's president said in comments published yesterday.
31. Afghan Death Penalty Raises Concerns
(Los Angeles Times)....Henry Chu
Some donor nations are troubled by the revival of executions, especially in a land whose justice system is seen as
32. Leak Irks Pentagon
A senior U.S. Defense Department official expressed dissatisfaction Tuesday over the Self-Defense Forces' improper
handling of classified information.
33. GIs Pitch In To Help Clean Up Oil
(Pacific Stars and Stripes)....Jimmy Norris
A group of 8th U.S. Army soldiers traded their uniforms for oil-resistant coveralls and rubber boots Wednesday to
help clean up the worst oil spill in South Korean history.
34. 'Bulldozer' Elected In South Korea
A former Hyundai CEO known as "The Bulldozer" for his determination to get things done rolled over all opposition
and financial fraud allegations to win South Korea's presidency, ending a decade of liberal rule.
35. Britain Detains 3 Men Freed By U.S.
(New York Times)....New York Times
Three former British residents who were held for more than four years in the Guantánamo Bay detention center
arrived Wednesday at Luton, outside London, aboard a jet chartered by the government and were turned over to the
36. Five Convicted In France Of Terrorism Links
A court in Paris convicted five French nationals of criminal association with a terrorist enterprise for using phony
identity papers and visas to "integrate into terrorist structures" in Afghanistan, prosecutor Sonya Djemni-Wagner
37. Putin Criticizes U.S. Dominance
(Los Angeles Times)....Unattributed
Russian President Vladimir V. Putin accused the United States of trying to undermine his country to further its
global dominance and said Washington had ignored Moscow's attempts to build a friendship.
38. 100 Foreign Spies Exposed This Year
Russia's spy chief said yesterday that his service has thwarted the work of nearly 100 foreign agents in the past year
and that former Soviet Baltic nations have increased their espionage activity, Russian news agencies reported
39. C.I.A. To Cooperate With House On Tapes
(New York Times)....Scott Shane
The Central Intelligence Agency has agreed to make documents related to the destruction of interrogation videotapes
available to the House Intelligence Committee and to allow the agency’s top lawyer, John A. Rizzo, to testify about
the matter, Congressional and intelligence officials said Wednesday.
40. Got A Query For Al-Qaida? Send It In
Al-Qaida has invited journalists to send questions to its No. 2 figure, Ayman al-Zawahri, in the first such offer by the
increasingly media-savvy terror network to "interview" one of its leaders since the Sept. 11 attacks.
41. Vets' Mental Disability Pay Varies Greatly
(Miami Herald)....Chris Adams
Veterans coming home from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan with debilitating mental ailments are discovering that
their disability payments from the government vary widely depending on where they live, an exclusive McClatchy
news analysis has found.
42. Woman Tells Panel Her Rape In Iraq Not Isolated
(San Diego Union-Tribune)....Associated Press
Others working for KBR come forward.
43. KBR Hearing Centers On Handling Of Rape Kit
(Houston Chronicle)....David Ivanovich
A former KBR worker who says she was gang raped while working in Iraq told a House panel Wednesday that an
Army doctor who examined her after the alleged assault turned the physical evidence over to KBR security
personnel. And at some point, some of the medical evidence apparently went missing.
44. Let's Seize The Momentum In Iraq
(Wall Street Journal)....Barry R. McCaffrey
I recently spent a week touring Iraq, meeting with American servicemen and women and interacting with Iraqis.
What I saw convinced me that the war has changed in both tone and substance since the president surged 30,000
troops into the country earlier this year.
45. Turkish Leaders And Iraqi Kurds Need To Mend Fences For Stability
(Philadelphia Inquirer)....Trudy Rubin
...So what's going on in Kurdistan, the most peaceful, booming region in Iraq? Is there a danger of a war in the north
between two U.S. allies? Is America betraying the Kurds? The answer to both questions is no (for now).
46. The Walls Around Bush's Iraq Strategy
(Los Angeles Times)....Rosa Brooks
Barriers built to reduce violence have turned sectarian segregation into the status quo.
47. A Nuclear Site Is Breached
(Washington Post)....Micah Zenko
South African attack should sound alarms.
48. Vetting The Iran NIE
(Washington Times)....James Lyons
The recently released National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) on Iran’s nuclear weapon program not only left many
questions unanswered but left our friends and allies caught offbase and confused. I am sure they wonder how they
are to support efforts for more stringent sanctions against Iran’s enrichment program.
Washington Post domestic spending bill after the Bush. spent under Republican rule.
December 20, 2007 Senate appended $70 billion to Congress also boosted But the disappointments
Pg. 1 it for the wars in Iraq and spending on veterans' needs. have dominated the news, in
1. Key Setbacks Dim Afghanistan. The war funding Just yesterday, Democrats large part because Democrats
Luster Of Democrats' passed 272 to 142, with unveiled a proposal to create failed on some of the issues
Democrats voting 141 to 78 the first nonpartisan ethics that they had put front and
Year against it. review panel in House history center, and that their key
By Jonathan Weisman and
The Democratic leaders and passed the most significant constituents value most.
Paul Kane, Washington Post
again had to appeal to gun-control legislation since The military prison at
Republicans to win passage of the early 1990s, tightening the Guantanamo Bay, Cuba,
The first Democratic-led
a measure to stave off the instant background-check remains open. Bush's
Congress in a dozen years
growth of the alternative process. warrantless surveillance
limped out of Washington last
minimum tax, because fiscally Beyond those, Democrats program was actually codified
night with a lengthy list of
conservative "Blue Dog" secured the biggest overhaul of and expanded on the
accomplishments, from the
Democrats were in open revolt ethics and lobbying rules since Democrats' watch. Lawmakers
first increase in fuel-efficiency
and refused to go along. The the Watergate scandal. And were unable to eliminate the
standards in a generation to the
Blue Dogs insisted that the they passed a slew of measures use of harsh interrogation
first minimum-wage hike in a
Senate offset the bill's cost that have received little notice, tactics by the CIA.
with tax increases on such as more money for math Democratic leaders also
But Democrats' failure to
hedge-fund and private-equity and science teachers who earn could not overcome the
address the central issues that
managers. more credentials in their field, president's vetoes on an
swept them to power left even
Needing two-thirds of the tax relief for homeowners in expansion of the State
the most partisan of them
House to pass under fast-track foreclosure, a doubling of basic Children's Health Insurance
dissatisfied and Congress
rules, the tax measure was research funding, and Program, despite winning over
mired at a historic low in
approved 352 to 64, with all 64 reclamation projects for the large numbers of Republicans.
"no" votes coming from hurricane-devastated Gulf Policies that liberals thought
Handed control of
Democrats standing by their Coast. would be swept aside under the
Congress last year after making
pledge not to support any tax With the exception of the Democratic majority remain
promises to end the war in
cut or mandatory spending new energy law, Pelosi untouched, including a
Iraq, restore fiscal discipline in
increase that would expand the characterized most of the year's prohibition on U.S. funding for
Washington and check
national debt. accomplishments as a cleanup international family-planning
President Bush's powers,
The year's finale angered after years of Republican organizations that offer
Democrats instead closed the
the entire spectrum of the neglect or congressional abortions.
first session of the 110th
Democratic coalition, from the gridlock. Efforts to change Bush's
Congress yesterday with House
antiwar left to new Southern But the long-awaited Iraq policies took on the look
votes that sent Bush $70 billion
conservatives who helped showdown with Bush on the of Pickett's charge at
in war funding, with no strings
bring Democrats to power last federal budget fizzled this Gettysburg. From the first days
attached, and a $50 billion
year. week into an uncomfortable of the 110th Congress to its last
"This is a blank check," draw. The president got his war hours this week, Bush
measure that shattered their
said Rep. Jim McGovern funding, while Democrats -- prevailed on every Iraq-related
pledge not to add to the federal
(D-Mass.). "The new money in using "emergency" funding fight, beginning with
this bill represents one cave-in designations -- broke through February's nonbinding
"I'm not going to let a lot
too many. It is an endorsement his spending limit by $11 resolution opposing the winter
of hard work go unnoticed, but
of George Bush's policy of billion, the amount they had troop buildup and ending with
I'm not going to hand out party
endless war." promised to add after this week's granting of $70
hats, either," said House
Still, the Democrats Republicans rejected a billion in unrestricted war
Democratic Caucus Chairman
delivered much of what they proposed $22 billion increase funds. Emanuel tried to call the
Rahm Emanuel (Ill.).
promised last year. Of the six in domestic spending. $70 billion funding a partial
On Iraq, House Speaker
initiatives on the their "Six for Remarkably, House Democratic victory because it
Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) said
'06" agenda, congressional Minority Leader John A. was the first time the president
yesterday: "Nobody is more
Democrats sent five to the Boehner (R-Ohio) praised the did not get everything he
disappointed with the fact that
president and got his signature final omnibus spending bill in sought for the war. Bush had
we couldn't change that than I
on four: a minimum-wage glowing terms, while Senate requested $200 billion.
am." But Pelosi was not about
increase, implementation of the Minority Leader Mitch Some senior Democrats
to accept Republican assertions
homeland security McConnell (R-Ky.) called have grown so distraught that
that her first year as speaker
recommendations of the 9/11 keeping federal spending at they do not expect any
has been unsuccessful, saying:
Commission, college cost Bush's preferred level "an significant change in Iraq
"Almost everything we've done
reduction, and an energy extraordinary success." policy unless a Democrat wins
has been historic."
measure that requires "Our work on holding the the White House in 2008. "It's
Unable to garner enough
conservation and the expanded line on spending gave us an unfortunate that we may have
votes from their own party,
use of renewable sources of omnibus that is better than I've to wait till the elections," Sen.
House Democratic leaders had
energy. seen in my 17 years here," Edward M. Kennedy (Mass.)
to turn to Republicans to win
Federal funding for stem Boehner said yesterday. said yesterday.
passage of a $555 billion
cell research was vetoed by Twelve of those years were This has left many
Democrats resorting to openly Despite House Speaker new bill met Mr. Bush's $933 despite Democrats' attempt to
political arguments, picking up Nancy Pelosi's vow of "no billion cap for total obstruct the project.
a theme that Republicans blank check" for the Iraq war, discretionary spending. Bipartisan appetite for
hurled at them -- she allowed the vote amid The other emergency earmarks
obstructionism -- during their intense pressure to finish the funds cover veterans' health For all the public tuttutting
many years in the minority. overdue spending package and care, border security, drought about congressional earmarks,
Sen. Charles E. Schumer wrap up the session before relief and other domestic the targeted spending items
(N.Y.) conceded that it is time Christmas. programs. seem almost as popular as ever,
for Democrats to forget about "It's disappointing, but it is Democrats first proposed with about 9,000 included in
trumpeting accomplishments the will of the Congress," Mrs. spending about $23 billion the massive appropriations bill
that voters will never give Pelosi told reporters on Capitol more than the president Congress is sending to
them credit for -- and time to Hill. requested. They later offered to President Bush.
change the message to a starkly Democrats couldn't budge split the difference and spend They will steer $7.4 billion
political one: If you want Mr. Bush from his promise to $11 billion over the limit, then in taxpayer funds to birds and
change, elect more Democrats. veto any spending bill that cut the offer to about $4 billion bees, locks and dams, parks
Sen. Richard J. Durbin broke his budget limit or didn't before surrendering to Mr. and ponds, and scores of other
(Ill.), the Senate Democratic come with $70 billion in Bush. projects throughout the nation,
whip tasked with trying to find emergency war funds, a down Appropriators met Mr. including:
60 votes for a filibuster-proof payment on the $196.4 billion Bush's budget limit, in part, by • $825,000 to expand the
majority, acknowledged this war request for 2008. slashing his defense and neonatal intensive-care unit at
week that Democrats' biggest Rep. Barbara Lee took to foreign-aid priorities to pay for St. Louis Children's Hospital
failure stemmed from the House floor to accuse Mr. restoring and even boosting (Sen. Christopher S. Bond,
expecting "more Republicans Bush of holding domestic domestic-spending programs Missouri Republican)
to take an independent stance" programs hostage for war that the White House wanted to • $464,000 for hops
on Iraq. Instead, most of them money, and fellow California trim. research (Sens. Maria Cantwell
stood with Bush. Democrat Rep. Maxine Waters The Democrats' emphasis and Patty Murray, Washington
"Many of them will have urged her colleagues to defeat on domestic priorities included Democrats, and Oregon's
to carry that with them into the the bill. adding $1 billion to expand Gordon H. Smith, a
election," Durbin said. "We are never going to health care access, $607 Republican, and Ron Wyden, a
end this war until we stop million for medical research, Democrat)
feeding this war with taxpayer $767 million for education • $100,000 for the historic
Washington Times money," said Mrs. Waters, who programs such as Head Start, Mount Hope Cemetery in
December 20, 2007 with Mrs. Lee co-founded the $486 million for renewable Rochester, N.Y. (Rep. Louise
Pg. 1 Out of Iraq Caucus. energy and $1.8 billion in M. Slaughter, a Democrat)
2. House OKs Spending House Minority Whip Roy Homeland Security grants. • $705,000 for brown
Bill Blunt, Missouri Republican, They cut administration tree-snake management in
Democrats surrender to Bush applauded the approval of the priorities, including increased Guam (Sens. Daniel K. Akaka
on budget bill war funds but lamented the funding for abstinence and Daniel K. Inouye, Hawaii
By S.A. Miller, Washington months it took to secure education, expansion of the Democrats)
Times spending for troops in combat. Strategic Petroleum Reserve • $2.2 million for Mormon
The Democrat-led House "Perhaps more troubling and some weapons-program cricket control, evenly divided
yesterday gave final approval than the delay, though, is the requests. between Nevada (Senate
to a $555 billion bill to fund fact that so few Democrats in Republican support for the Majority Leader Harry Reid, a
the federal government, ending the House thought it worthy of bill came despite early Democrat) and Utah (Sen.
a long budget battle by their support," he said. "For criticism that the majority Robert F. Bennett, a
buckling to President Bush's this new majority, the story of rushed to pass a 3,500-page bill Republican)
demand for war funds and to this session has been a tale of that conceals more than 9,000 • $223,000 for beaver
his spending limit. false-starts, missteps and pork projects and some abrupt management in North Carolina
The bill, which funds unimaginable overreaches. But policy shifts, including a (Sen. Elizabeth Dole, a
every Cabinet agency except at least on this issue — the provision that undermines Republican, and Rep. David E.
the Pentagon and provides $70 most critical one outstanding current plans for a Price, a Democrat), and
billion for the wars in Iraq and — Democrats decided to do U.S.-Mexico border fence. $475,000 for beaver
Afghanistan, passed 272-142 what was right and allow our The 2006 Secure Fence management in Mississippi
and finished Congress' work members to cast the right vote, Act specifically called for "two (Sen. Thad Cochran and Rep.
for the year. finally, on behalf of our men layers of reinforced fencing" Roger Wicker, both
Republican support carried and women in the field." and listed five specific sections Republicans)
the legislation, accounting for The roughly $555 billion of border where it should be • $353,000 to combat
194 "yes" votes along with 78 bill included the war funds and installed. The spending bill Asian long-horned beetles
cast by Democrats. Rep. John $11.2 billion in other nixed the two-tier requirement (Sen. Richard J. Durbin,
J. "Jimmy" Duncan Jr. of emergency funds that don't and the list of locations. Illinois Democrat)
Tennessee cast the lone count toward the budget limit. The White House pledged • $779,000 for
Republican vote against the Coupled with the $459 billion anyway to pursue the original wolf-predation management in
measure, joining 141 Defense Department bill plan to build about 670 miles Wisconsin, Minnesota and
Democrats. signed into law last month, the of border fence in 2008, Michigan (Reps. James L.
Oberstar, Minnesota Democrat, efforts to begin withdrawing $473.5 billion spending bill approved yesterday by the
and David R. Obey, Wisconsin troops, and she now plans to Wednesday that will fund the House and the Senate and sent
Democrat) shift the chamber’s focus next government through fiscal to President Bush. Though
• $332,000 for oyster year to health care, the 2008. The bill includes $70 Musharraf has lifted
post-harvest treatment (Rep. economy and global warming. billion for operations in Iraq emergency rule and resigned as
Allen Boyd, Florida Democrat) Pelosi told a group of and Afghanistan. army chief, lawmakers
• $244,000 for bee reporters that she still aims to Pelosi said House intended to signal that they
research in Texas (Rep. Chet end the war, but rather than priorities next year will include want to link aid to Islamabad to
Edwards, a Democrat) trying to force Bush to tackling health care issues such demonstrated progress on
• $513,000 for blackbird redeploy troops by threatening as universal insurance coverage human rights. Pakistan has
management in four states, to cut off funds, Democrats and improved funding for received about $10 billion in
sponsored by numerous will instead focus on passing research. She declined to talk U.S. aid since 2001, though the
lawmakers. Iraq war bills that deal with about specific bills but said the administration maintains that
Associated Press policy. House will be “kicking the about half of that is to
Specifically, Pelosi said, door open” on health care and reimburse Pakistan for
Democrats will underscore the “legislation would hopefully expenses incurred in the fight
USA Today lack of diplomatic progress in spring from that.” against terrorist groups.
December 20, 2007 Iraq despite the well-publicized Pelosi also suggested there Bush committed in 2004 to
Pg. 11 recent success of a U.S military could be an economic stimulus a $6 billion, five-year program
3. Congress OKs $70B surge in stabilizing the country. package as well as legislation to provide military and
Budget For War Funds “I think you are going to to address global warming. economic aid to Pakistan, and
Congress approved $70 see a good deal of focus be on this is the first time Congress
billion Wednesday for military why it is that even when you has sought to place restrictions
operations in Iraq and have some military success to Washington Post on that commitment.
Afghanistan after majority establish a secure time when December 20, 2007 Akram Shaheedi, a
Democrats failed to advance the government can act Pg. 24 spokesman for the Pakistani
withdrawals of U.S. troops politically, they still do not act 5. Congress Sets Limits Embassy in Washington,
from the countries. in a way to bring reconciliation On Aid To Pakistan criticized the decision, saying
The House's 272-142 vote in Iraq,” Pelosi said. Bill Withholds $50 Million that "the government of
also approved a $555 billion Pelosi said House Until U.S. Confirms Islamabad Pakistan and the people of
bill that combines the war members were interested in Is Reinstating Rights Pakistan were not happy with
money with money for 14 shifting to Iraq policy By Glenn Kessler, Washington such conditionality." He said
Cabinet departments. Senate legislation because it might Post Staff Writer that the country is "continuing
Republicans forced the Iraq have a better chance of clearing Congress yesterday to follow the democratic path"
money upon anti-war the Senate, in which slapped restrictions on military and that "such measures will
Democrats as the price for a Democrats rule by a one-vote aid to Pakistan and withheld not weaken Pakistan's resolve
budget deal. margin. $50 million of the to fight out forces of
The spending legislation “We will always have a administration's $300 million extremism and terrorism."
affects almost every part of the fight about the funding of the request until Secretary of State In a unrelated move,
government other than the war,” Pelosi said, referring to Condoleezza Rice can certify lawmakers also cut the
Defense Department's core the spending bills the House that Islamabad is restoring administration's funding
programs. It would pay for must vote on. But House democratic rights, including an request for democracy
food- and toy-safety members, she added, “thought independent judiciary. programs in Iran from $75
inspections, NASA, the FBI, … that it would be important to The congressional move million to $60 million,
the Coast Guard, education, document for the public even went further than the diverting $15 million toward
health research and national further what some of the administration's own review of grants for software
park operations. challenges are that we have aid to Pakistan after the Nov. 3 programmers who specialize in
there.” declaration of emergency creating programs that thwart
Pelosi made her remarks powers by President Pervez Internet firewalls erected by
Washington Examiner as the House concluded a Musharraf. In a decision that repressive countries such as
December 20, 2007 bruising first session under received little notice, the Iran and China. The idea,
4. Pelosi Says Democrats Democratic control. The new administration decided earlier which was championed by
Will Focus On Iraq majority touted many this month to stop making an Rep. Frank R. Wolf (R-Va.), is
Policy, Not On War accomplishments, such as annual $200 million cash intended to assist dissidents
passing a minimum-wage payment to the Pakistani without making them the target
Funding increase and new fuel economy of arrests and harassment.
government, instead converting
By Susan Ferrechio, Chief standards, but was unable to "There is a lot of
those funds to programs for
Congressional Correspondent fulfill its campaign pledge to uneasiness about the whole
Pakistan that will be
House Speaker Nancy wind down the war in Iraq. Iran democracy program," said
administered by the U.S.
Pelosi said Wednesday she was “Nobody is more one congressional aide,
Agency for International
surprised congressional disappointed in the fact that we speaking on the condition of
Republicans have stood firmly couldn’t change that than I anonymity. "It is potentially a
The congressional aid
by President Bush’s Iraq war am,” Pelosi said. way of providing an excuse for
restrictions were buried in the
policy, blocking Democratic The House passed a cracking down on dissidents."
omnibus spending bill
The legislation also defenders and government Republican of Maine, first 40 percent of reservists lose
withheld $100 million in aid to critics, and restoring an proposed the Military Reservist income when called up to
Egypt until Rice certifies that independent judiciary. and Veteran Small Business active duty, while the rate is
sufficient actions have been Congress also appropriated Reauthorization and higher, 55 percent, for
taken by Egypt to stop up to $350 million in economic Opportunity Act last March, reservists who are
smuggling between the Sinai aid to Pakistan and up to $5 but the bill had to clear several self-employed, the March
and Gaza, which Israel says million for administrative hurdles before lawmakers report found. At the same time,
has strengthened the Hamas expenses needed by USAID to reached a compromise. the share of small-business
militant group that controls the manage the $200 million in Among other provisions, loans going to veterans from
narrow coastal strip. The funds that had previously been the bill allows the head of the the largest federal program has
legislation, however, allows given as a check to the Small Business Administration dropped from 11 percent to 9
Bush to waive the restriction Pakistani Ministry of Finance. to provide $50,000 loans to percent since 2001.
on national security grounds. The agency had estimated it part-time service members and The Kerry-Snowe bill
Regarding Pakistan, needed about 31 people to veterans without collateral. It creates a federal task force to
lawmakers not only withheld a make grants and monitor also authorizes more than $4 coordinate the multiple federal
portion of the money sought by projects run by million over the next two years agencies involved in assisting
the administration but also nongovernmental groups. for the agency's Office of veterans. It also provides relief
strictly limited the use of the "None of the funds Veterans Business to small businesses that employ
remaining $250 million to appropriated by this Act may Development. National Guard or Reserve
"counter-terrorism and law be made available for cash "We tried to get this done troops, which will help them
enforcement activities directed transfer assistance for several times," Kerry, safeguard the jobs service
against Al Qaeda and the Pakistan," the bill says. chairman of the Committee on members leave behind for
Taliban and associated terrorist The shift is the one Small Business and active duty.
groups." The language is tangible result of a lengthy Entrepreneurship, said The bill also provides
intended to make if difficult for administration review of aid to yesterday before returning to grants to the SBA's Small
Pakistan to use the money to Pakistan, which was Boston from Washington. "I Business Development Centers
acquire F-16 jets or Sidewinder announced without fanfare feel good about finally getting to expand its outreach to
missiles, which are aimed at during a congressional hearing it done." veterans, many of whom are
neighboring India, not this month. Earlier in the day Kerry unaware of the federal
terrorists. Ending the direct payment had told colleagues that the programs or have found it
"This is going to be a to Pakistan and directing the bill, which passed the Senate difficult to take advantage of
problem," said a State $200 million to specific unanimously by voice vote, them.
Department official, speaking projects will "directly benefit was "one of my highest David Marrero, a recent
on the condition of anonymity the Pakistani people and will priorities" since becoming veteran who is now in the Air
because of diplomatic make Pakistan a stronger and chairman of the small-business National Guard, told the Globe
sensitivities. "The Pakistanis more secure ally in the war panel in January. last month that he was
really want the F-16s. It is very against terrorism," Assistant A companion version of struggling to get a federal
symbolic in their eyes." Secretary of State Richard A. the bill, sponsored by business loan to open a retail
The congressional aide Boucher told the Senate on Representative Jason Altmire, clothing store in Valdosta, Ga.
acknowledged that "we are Dec. 6. But he argued that a Democrat of Pennsylvania, is Kerry, a Vietnam veteran, said
undoubtedly going to have an Congress should not cut overall expected to be approved by the the law will help keep a new
argument with the funding levels for Pakistan. House of Representatives, generation of veterans like
administration," saying "my possibly this week. President Marrero from falling through
guess is that they will interpret Bush has indicated he will sign the cracks.
that rather broadly" and argue Boston Globe the measure into law when it "Passing this legislation is
that F-16s are needed for the December 20, 2007 reaches his desk. the first step in ensuring that
fight against terrorist groups. 6. Senate OK's More The legislation grew out of the brave men and women who
But he noted that ban also Small-Business Aid To a study Kerry's staff completed put their lives on hold to
extended to the acquisition of Newest Veterans earlier this year that found the defend our country will not
naval equipment, "and the last By Bryan Bender, Globe Staff rate of unemployment among also have to sacrifice their
time we checked, the Taliban WASHINGTON - The veterans to be more than twice livelihoods," Kerry said in a
did not have a navy." Senate approved legislation the national average. statement yesterday.
To release the $50 million, yesterday to expand Using government data, Snowe, the ranking
the legislation says, Rice must small-business loans and other the study found that 11.9 Republican on the small
certify that Pakistan is "making government benefits for percent of recently discharged business panel, applauded
concerted efforts" against military reservists and veterans military veterans are Kerry in a statement. The
terrorist havens and is serving in Iraq and Afghanistan unemployed, compared with "bipartisan and bicameral"
implementing a long list of - a victory for two New 4.6 percent of the general legislation, she said, "will
democratic reforms, including England lawmakers who population. It also found that greatly assist veteran
ensuring freedom of assembly pushed for the expansion. 18 percent of veterans ages 18 entrepreneurs and the small
and expression, releasing Senators John F. Kerry, to 24 are out of work - double businesses that employ them,
political detainees, ending Democrat of Massachusetts, the rate of their civilian as well as companies that help
harassment and detention of and Olympia Snowe, counterparts. supply our defense needs."
journalists, human rights Meanwhile, an estimated
parts of Baghdad, 225 miles to died in Iraq in February were elite Quds Force of supplying
the south. killed by "friendly fire," sophisticated weapons to and
USA Today "We have some according to a military funding, directing and training
December 20, 2007 intelligence that says it was investigation. Pvt. Matthew Shiite Muslim militias who
Pg. 8 part of a bigger plot. There is Zeimer, 18, and Spc. Alan have attacked U.S. forces in
7. General: Enemy Still some intelligence that they McPeek, 20, were killed at an Iraq. Tehran denies the
Capable Of 'Spectacular may have wanted to cut off that Army outpost in Ramadi on accusations and says it is the
Attacks' side of the river to make safe Feb. 2. The families of the two presence of U.S. forces in Iraq
Infrastructure at risk, despite havens," Hertling said. "There soldiers initially were told the that has fueled the bloodshed.
drop in violence are some indications that they men were killed by enemy fire. Caught between two key
By Patrick Quinn, Associated wanted to close that route In response to a Freedom allies, Iraqi officials have
Press because it is used by coalition of Information request by the repeatedly urged the United
BAGHDAD — The top forces." Associated Press, the military States to release Iranian
U.S. commander in northern He said that during an released its subsequent probe. detainees as a
Iraq warned Wednesday that ongoing operation against The families were told in confidence-building measure.
al-Qaeda in Iraq was still insurgents and al-Qaeda in March that the men may have Iraq has hosted a series of
capable of staging spectacular western Diyala province, been killed by comrades. meetings intended to promote
attacks despite a 50% drop in military forces discovered The investigation found cooperation between the
bombings and other violence in weapons caches, a torture that the two were killed by tank United States and Iran on Iraqi
his region. chamber with a bed that was fire from a second Army security, overcoming an
Army Maj. Gen. Mark wired to electrocute victims, outpost after insurgents official diplomatic freeze that
Hertling said al-Qaeda in Iraq and knives and swords covered engaged both outposts. The lasted more than two decades.
was being pushed north by the in blood. report said decisions and U.S. forces freed nine
increased numbers of U.S. Violence in Iraq has actions by the tank crews and Iranians on Nov. 9, including
troops that went into Baghdad abated in recent months, and their command "directly two of the five men detained in
during the summer and fall. the U.S. military has said it has created the conditions which January in a U.S. raid in the
The insurgents are also being dropped by as much as caused this accident, including Kurdish city of Irbil. The
flushed out of Anbar province 60%-70% in some places. deficiencies in training." military had accused the five of
by "awakening councils" — In Baghdad, the death toll being Quds Force members;
groups of Sunni Arab Wednesday was unusually low: Iran has said they are
One bullet-riddled body was Los Angeles Times diplomats.
tribesmen the U.S. military has
found washed up along the December 20, 2007 There was no immediate
backed to help fight al-Qaeda
in Iraq and its allies. Tigris River, while another 8. U.S. Releases Iranian information about the charges
"Many of them have man was killed by a roadside Detained In Kurdish against Alawi; he returned to
transited our province" of bomb. City In 2004 Iran on Wednesday, according
Diyala, which has seen some of Wednesday's drop may The move occurs as to the Iranian Embassy.
the worst violence in Iraq, have been a result of the start Washington and Tehran A U.S. military spokesman
Hertling said. "There are still of the Eid al-Adha holy prepare for a new round of said Alawi was released
some very bad things celebration for Sunni Muslims talks on Iraqi security. because he was determined to
happening in that province, but in Iraq. Shiites, who also By Alexandra Zavis, Los no longer be a threat to the
we are continuing to pursue celebrate the day, will mark Angeles Times Staff Writer security of Iraq.
al-Qaeda so they don't find a Eid on Friday. BAGHDAD — The About 10 other Iranians
safe haven anywhere." Hertling said the four American military has released are believed to still be in U.S.
He said al-Qaeda provinces under his command an Iranian detainee, officials custody.
extremists could still carry out had seen a marked reduction of from the U.S. and Iran said Security experts from the
attacks against infrastructure attacks by improvised Wednesday, as the two three countries had planned to
projects such as bridges. explosive devices — also countries prepared for a new meet Tuesday in Baghdad, but
"There are going to be known as IEDs — such as round of talks on security in the talks were postponed. That
continued spectacular attacks," roadside bombs. "We have Iraq. same day, U.S. Secretary of
he said when asked about the seen a precipitous decline in The Iranian Embassy State Condoleezza Rice flew in
bombing of a bridge across the IED operations," he said, identified the man as Haydar to Iraq on a surprise visit.
Mosul dam on Monday. The adding that they had dropped Alawi, who was detained in the U.S. Embassy spokesman
attack, carried out with a truck by 50% from June, when there northern Kurdish city of Philip T. Reeker said this week
bomb, closed the bridge to were 1,698 attacks, compared Sulaymaniya in July 2004. The that he expected the Iraqi
vehicle traffic. with 849 in November. U.S. military gave a different Foreign Ministry to announce a
Built in the 1980s on the Even so, such bombings version of the name, Sayed new date within days. The talks
Tigris River, the dam made still plague the region, and Hadir Alawi Mohammed, but are intended to pave the way
headlines in June after a U.S. Hertling's troops have been provided no other information. for the next
Army Corps of Engineers working to restore a major The detention of Iranian ambassadorial-level meeting.
report said potential erosion of highway in western Mosul that nationals by U.S. forces in Iraq In other developments, the
its foundation could cause it to has been closed because of IED has been an ongoing issue in U.S. military announced the
buckle under the water attacks. relations between the three capture early today of a
pressure, flooding Mosul and In other Iraq news: countries. suspected leader of Shiite
Two U.S. soldiers who U.S. officials accuse Iran's militants in the northern part of
Baghdad. The suspect is station north of Ramadi in the Holmes, a United States happened after Americans
alleged to have procured and early morning of Dec. 17.” marine reservist, was found moved across from their own
stored weapons, including While emphasizing that guilty of killing an Iraqi soldier watchtower to the Iraqis’ guard
armor-piercing bombs that the investigation is still “in the while they stood watch tower. “I will not surrender my
U.S. officials say are being initial stages,” Major Pool said together at a guard post in son’s rights,” he said at the
supplied by Iran. that “the incident appears to Falluja, near Ramadi, on Dec. funeral.
The U.S. military has said have resulted from an 31, 2006. “I call upon the governor
the decision of radical Shiite argument escalating into a A military jury at Camp and the provincial council
cleric Muqtada Sadr to freeze physical altercation.” In Pendleton in California president to intervene to have
the operations of his militia has e-mailed responses to convicted Lance Corporal this soldier who did the killing
played a key part in the marked questions on Wednesday night, Holmes, a 22-year-old from brought to trial,” he declared at
downturn of violence since he said the marine and Iraqi Indianapolis, on Dec. 13 of the graveside, where
U.S. forces completed a policeman each received “knife negligent homicide and making black-garbed women were
28,500-troop buildup in June. wounds.” The policeman “died a false official statement over wailing, and gunshots were
But commanders say it is from his wounds,” Major Pool the stabbing death of the Iraqi fired over the heads of the dead
too soon to tell whether Tehran said, and the marine was soldier, Munther Jasem man’s many police colleagues.
is fulfilling a pledge to the eventually taken to a military Muhammed Hassin. But he Abdul Ghafour Abdul
Iraqi government to crack hospital for treatment, though was acquitted of the more Baki, commander of the police
down on weapons-smuggling his wounds were not serious charge of station, said: “If they have
across their shared border. life-threatening. unpremeditated homicide after killed this policeman today,
Neither man has been his lawyers argued that he had then they will kill us tomorrow.
identified by the American acted in self-defense after We want to put an end to these
New York Times authorities, but relatives and getting into a fight because the violations. After the incident,
December 20, 2007 colleagues identified the dead Iraqi had exposed them to we were locked inside the
Pg. 16 Sunni policeman as sniper fire by opening his police station for more than 10
9. U.S. Investigating 18-year-old Waleed Khalid cellphone and lighting a hours. The American forces
Marine In Iraqi Khudhaier, who was stationed cigarette. who were surrounding the
Policeman’s Death at the Wala’a base in the As part of the temporary police station didn’t let us out.”
By Stephen Farrell Jazeera neighborhood, three increase in American forces In Baghdad, the most
BAGHDAD — A United miles north of the provincial known as the surge, American senior American military
States marine is at the center of capital. reinforcements were moved to officer in northern Iraq, Maj.
an American military The episode is an Anbar earlier this year, where Gen. Mark P. Hertling, warned
investigation into the death on embarrassment for the they work alongside 44,000 that Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia
Monday of an Iraqi policeman American military, which has Iraqi security forces. still had the ability to carry out
from what appears to have praised Anbar as a model for The Sunnis here say it was major attacks in his area,
been a knife fight between the Sunni tribes and American their decision to fight Al Qaeda despite a steep drops in attacks
men at a base jointly staffed by soldiers cooperating to fight in Mesopotamia as part of a on American and Iraqi forces
American and Iraqi forces in fundamentalist groups like Al tribal movement known as the since June.
Anbar Province, a military Qaeda in Mesopotamia. Awakening Council, not the General Hertling also
spokesman said. Major Pool said American increase in American forces, provided evidence of what he
The incident is an commanders in Ramadi had that proved decisive in tackling called the group’s continuing
embarrassment for the United already met with tribal leaders the threat from the militant brutality, saying that allied
States military, which has and police officials. “Both the group. forces in western Diyala
praised Anbar as a model for Iraqi and Coalition Force The American military Province had recently
Sunni tribes and American leaders regret this incident and confirmed that Monday’s discovered a “torture facility.”
soldiers cooperating to fight are working to assure incidents incident happened while both The building, he said, held
fundamentalist groups like Al such as this do not occur in the men were on duty, with chains, an iron bed that was
Qaeda in Mesopotamia, the future,” he said. “another marine standing post still connected to a battery,
homegrown militant group that At Mr. Khudhaier’s nearby.” apparently with the intent to
United States intelligence funeral in Ramadi on Major Pool said that torture victims, and knives and
officials say is led by Wednesday, 500 people, agents with the Naval Criminal swords still covered in blood.
foreigners. The death has mostly members of his tribe, Investigative Service, known “We captured and killed
provoked local anger and Albu Shaaban, chanted slogans as the N.C.I.S., arrived at the numerous Al Qaeda members
demands for legal action. demanding the departure of scene later that morning to take in that particular find,” he said.
Maj. Jeff Pool, an American forces from the area, statements from witnesses. He An Iraqi employee of The
American military spokesman and proclaiming, “We are the stressed that the investigation New York Times contributed
in Iraq, confirmed that Naval ones who liberated Anbar.” was “still ongoing,” but that as reporting from Ramadi, and
Criminal Investigative Service Sheiks from at least six of last night “N.C.I.S. has not Damien Cave from Baghdad.
agents “are currently major local Sunni tribes have recommended any charges.”
investigating the death of an threatened to call for At the funeral, Mr.
demonstrations if no legal Khudhaier’s father, Lt. Col. Washington Times
Iraqi policeman and the
proceedings are forthcoming. Khalid Khudhaier Khalif, who December 20, 2007
wounding of a U.S. marine
The death comes less than serves at the same police Pg. 10
while on duty at a joint security
a week after Lance Cpl. Delano station, claimed that the killing 10. Kurds Push For Oil
And Power Sharing announcement cast a shadow of these Iraqi insurgents were their own men may have
By Damien McElroy, London on tentative efforts by Western never motivated by anything another way of looking at it.
Daily Telegraph firms to enter the region. more than money and most "I'm not on the ground
IRBIL, Iraq — Kurdish The Kurdish government only desire to live peacefully. looking at their situation, and
leaders in northern Iraq denounced Mr. Shahristani's Many can be safely released they're not in the detention
threatened to withdraw support attempts to suppress its rights. back to society, back to their facility seeing these people,"
from the Baghdad government Kurdistan is in a different families and in their says Stone.
if demands for federal power status from the rest of Iraq. It is neighborhoods without He made an impassioned
sharing and a fair share of the attempting to establish its straining security or their plea recently when Marine
oil wealth are not met. credentials as a Dubai-style communities, he says. Commandant Gen. James
Nechirvan Barzani, the business center. Stone believes that there Conway paid a visit to Bucca
prime minister of Kurdish should be debate about how in November. General Conway
northern Iraq, said Iraq's many detainees US forces came away impressed with the
Shi'ite-led coalition Christian Science Monitor continue to hold and how many programs Stone has
government, which relies on December 20, 2007 should now be freed. implemented there and is
Kurdish members of Pg. 1 "I am of the strong concerned that the growing
parliament to survive, "must be 11. Do U.S. Prisons In viewpoint that there is [now] number of detainees doesn't
changed" if it does not transfer Iraq Breed Insurgents? enough confidence in the make sense anymore.
powers to his region. Nearly 30,000 detainees crowd process that I'm a champion for "If you roll up 150 guys in
"What we ask for as Kurds two American-run detention releasing those for whom the a village and you don't have
comes within the constitution facilities, and one US officer process has worked and who probable cause, you've just
of Iraq," he said. "We did wants to set many free. are essentially a reduced created 150 little terrorists,"
whatever we could do to By Gordon Lubold, Staff security threat to the coalition," says Conway, who says the US
ensure that Iraq could succeed, writer of The Christian Science says Stone in a phone must review the process.
but Iraq is a complicated Monitor interview from Camp Bucca. "I think there has to be
country. Now we have reached WASHINGTON -- Indeed, the nature of the more of a reason to hold a
one question: whether we are American officials have war may be shifting. The detainee or, send them away,"
partners in the government or detained thousands of Pentagon's quarterly says Conway.
not. We don't have that kind of insurgents in the months since assessment of security and In many ways, Iraq's
feeling. the surge of forces began this stability in Iraq, released on increased security could be
"Certainly if we do not see spring, in an effort that most Tuesday, shows that violence attributed to higher numbers of
any response from Baghdad to agree has improved security in is down across the country. detainees. But much of the
solve the issues raised, we Iraq. But now the commander Roadside bombings, for success stems from the
would be obliged to take of the American detention example, have dropped by 68 changing attitudes of Iraqi
another route," he said. facilities in Iraq is wondering percent since June. citizens toward their own
Under Iraq's new aloud if holding all those Stone, a Marine reservist security and, to a lesser extent,
constitution, three northern detainees is breeding a who has headed a number of their views of the American
provinces were granted "micro-insurgency" and asking software development firms, is presence.
autonomy from Baghdad to whether it's time to begin known for his passion and "You're always worried
form the Kurdistan Regional releasing thousands of people. deliberate approach to about 'Do you have the right
Government (KRG). Clauses The two main detention understanding the nature of guys?'" says Brig. Gen. Joe
detailed rights to oil revenues facilities operated by the US insurgencies. He is calling Anderson, chief of staff for the
and a referendum on disputed military in Iraq, at Camp Bucca attention to the issue because Multi-National Corps Iraq. The
areas, including the strategic near Basra and Camp Cropper he thinks it's time to rethink American military has been
city of Kirkuk. Baghdad has in Baghdad, have swollen to holding so many detainees at releasing as many as 80
since contested KRG efforts to hold nearly 30,000 detainees. this phase of the war. As the detainees per week, and is
attract foreign oil investment That's not the 40,000 commander of detention looking to release more, says
and has failed to deliver the individuals Army Gen. David operations, he can provide General Anderson, who notes
referendum. Petraeus allotted for when input on the release of that releasing detainees and
"The problem in Baghdad American forces began to detainees through a new board getting them back to where
is you have a structure, you implement the Baghdad process, but the commanders in they belong is "a major
have a prime minister, but you security plan this spring. But it the field who send individuals logistical task."
have nobody to make a may be too many, says Marine to him have the ultimate input "You don't just open the
decision," Mr. Barzani said. Maj. Gen. Doug Stone, who on whether someone should be gates and let them go," he says.
Relations between the two oversees detainees for the held or let go. But some "It is a deliberate methodical
governments hit an all-time US-led force. commanders are resistant to operation."
low last month when Iraqi Oil Holding thousands of letting detainees go. General Petraeus is deeply
Minister Hussein Shahristani "moderate detainees," marked Stone, who doesn't concerned about fighting the
said companies dealing with by green jumpsuits at Camp participate in field operations, insurgency in Iraq, both on the
the Kurds will be blacklisted. Bucca, runs counter to the recognizes that his perspective ground and inside the walls of
The bulk of Iraq's oil wealth notion of winning over a is from "inside the wire." detainee facilities, says a senior
lies outside the Kurdish region population in a classic Commanders whose troops military official in Baghdad. In
but its reserves are an attractive counterinsurgency, he says. detain insurgents and other the meantime, holding Iraqis is
pool of future supply. The General Stone believes many criminals for activities against all about "legitimacy," says the
official. growing within the a home, but how, and where?” the whole government needs to
"We're not out arresting American-run facility, an irony Tens of thousands of be involved,” said Hamdiya A.
Iraqis [at random], we're out that has emerged as the facility returning refugees face similar Najaf, an official with the Iraqi
detaining individuals for whom grows. uncertainties throughout Iraq, Ministry of Displacement and
we have reasonable grounds [to Before Stone took where the government’s Migration. Her ministry is
believe] that they are an command, there was a riot in inability to manage the uneven overloaded with property
imperative for security in Iraq," March, followed by another in reverse exodus has left the dispute cases from Saddam
says the official, who asked not May, that may have involved most vulnerable in an uneasy, Hussein’s time, when
to be named due to the as many as 10,000 detainees. potentially explosive limbo. thousands were forcibly
sensitivity of the issue. There are also a series of The government’s widely relocated. “We’re still working
"Everything we do is within tunnels that have been dug in publicized plan to run free on the old problems,” she said.
the law." and outside the facility that buses from Damascus, Syria, to “We don’t have the mechanism
After the Abu Ghraib have been used, in some cases, Baghdad was suspended after to solve the new ones.”
prison scandal, the US military to target guards, Stone says. just two runs. Thousands of The brewing housing crisis
transferred many detainees to Sunni refugees get no aid extends to millions who
Bucca and set about creating a because they fear registering abandoned their homes but
model prison system. New York Times with the Shiite-led government. stayed in Iraq. In Baghdad
Since arriving in April, December 20, 2007 While aid organizations are alone, more than 300,000
Stone is credited for Pg. 1 distributing emergency packets people left one neighborhood
spearheading an innovative 12. Iraqi Refugees that include utensils, blankets for another, as Sunnis fled to
detainee program in which Return, And Are and food, deeper structural the west and Shiites to the east,
education, respect, and Stranded issues, like securing often moving into recently
vocational and religious By Cara Buckley neighborhoods, supplying evacuated houses.
programs are a primary focus. BAGHDAD — The housing and creating jobs, Afraah Kadhom’s family
Stone brought imams from widow Hashim crossed the remain unresolved and largely is among the uprooted. She is
Baghdad to teach detainees, border into Iraq from Syria at unaddressed. 36, and usually shrouded in a
many of whom are illiterate, dusk last month, heading A small fraction of the billowing black abaya, a
about the teachings of the homeward as the sun set millions of refugees who fled symbol of mourning. Her
Koran with the aim to foster a behind her and the sky ahead Iraq have come back. While father and four brothers were
more moderate outlook among grew dark. the government trumpeted their killed two years ago when
the population. Her dwindling savings had return as proof of newfound gunmen broke through the
For the first time, bought her family passage security, migration experts said doors to the family’s house in
detainees participate in boards aboard a crowded bus, but most of them were forced back Huriya, a neighborhood in
that allow them to better there was no telling what by expired visas and depleted north central Baghdad, and
understand why they are being awaited her at journey’s end. savings. Ms. Hashim, for one, methodically hunted the men
held – key, Stone says, to The only sure thing was that pawned her wedding ring and down. One of her brother’s
getting them to learn how their she would have to look for a gold jewelry to stay in Syria, sons, Mustafa, cradled his
conduct affects their situation. new home and a job in a city but came back after her uncle’s father’s head as the man lay
Stone says that on his starved for work and crudely visa application was denied. dying. Mustafa, who is 9 now
watch, more than 3,000 reshaped by war. The American military has and shy, is the oldest surviving
detainees have been released Four weeks later, Maha expressed deep concerns about male member of the family.
using his methods. So far, he's Hashim is sharing her uncle’s the Iraqi government’s ability “The man of our house,” Ms.
seen a very slight recidivism musty two-bedroom apartment to feed and house its returnees, Kadhom said.
rate – only a few former with her four children, sister-in or manage people who wish to The family stayed in
detainees were recaptured and law and four nieces and reclaim their homes. It is Huriya until last December,
brought back to the detention nephews, in the once tortured widely feared that property when armed Shiite militiamen
facility. Baghdad neighborhood around disputes or efforts to return to swept through, routing more
There are still hard-core Haifa Street. She has vowed newly homogenized than 100 Sunni families,
insurgents and terrorists living not to stay long, but has no job neighborhoods could set off including Ms. Kadhom’s. Ms.
inside the yards. In contrast to and cannot afford an apartment fresh waves of sectarian Kadhom and her relatives fled
the green-clad detainees of her own. Her husband, a attacks. to Ghazaliya, in western
determined to be more policeman, was killed by For most Iraqi refugees, Baghdad, where an imam
moderate, those individuals are insurgents in mid-2006, and the trip home is just the found them an apartment
given red jumpsuits to wear her old house in southern beginning of their troubles. belonging to a Shiite family
and are largely segregated from Baghdad was destroyed by a Many return to find their that had left for eastern
the rest of the detainee truck bomb. Her old homes destroyed or filled with Baghdad.
population. Amber-colored neighborhood, Saydia, remains squatters, most of them The government has aid
jumpsuits indicate the wearer is one of most dangerous in the displaced people themselves. programs that could help Ms.
"changing" to a more moderate capital. But the government committee Kadhom, but she views them
stance. “I loved Saydia but I can that decides property disputes with deep suspicion. To apply
But Bucca has had its never go back; it broke my is charged with hearing only for the food program, for
problems, giving rise to Stone's heart,” said Ms. Hashim, 40, a cases that predate the invasion example, she would have to
concern that if not done right, a Sunni. “I need to get a job and of 2003. return to Huriya to unregister
microinsurgency could be “We urgently need a plan; the family with the local
council, but she is desperately ministers to create an their business. But the Iraqi with his arm around the neck
afraid of going there. emergency plan to rebuild government said it’s not their of a cow before dispensing
Iraq’s internally displaced homes and tackle recent business either.” with the beast.
are entitled to 150,000 dinars, property disputes. She says Mudhafer al-Husaini, Qais U.S. commanders say
or $123, a month from the only the prime minister, Nuri Mizher and Balen Y. Younis violence across Iraq is at its
government. But Ms. Kadhom Kamal al-Maliki, has the contributed reporting. lowest level since the first year
also worries that the power to find a solution. But after the 2003 American-led
Shiite-dominated government she has had trouble even invasion. They credit the
would punish her if she reaching him by phone. Los Angeles Times deployment of additional U.S.
applied. Her pride is also a “Iraqis by nature can be December 20, 2007 troops, a freeze in activities by
factor. Ms. Kadhom’s father nervous, easily agitated,” she Pg. 1 a powerful Shiite Muslim
was a sheik. The family was said. “If they see another 13. Iraq's Sunnis militia and the decision of
used to giving alms, not asking person in their homes, who Celebrate Holiday With thousands of Sunni Arab
for them. knows what will happen next. A Renewed Vigor tribesmen to resist the
If the apartment’s owners All Iraqis have pistols.” They venture out to mark Eid insurgents they once backed.
come back, Ms. Kadhom’s Local courts offer the only al-Adha in Baghdad and other But officials in Baghdad
family will have nowhere to official means of settling the cities that are experiencing a on Wednesday were leaving
go. Three weeks after her more recent property disputes. relative calm. nothing to chance. Extra
family fled, its house was But migration officials say that By Alexandra Zavis and Said security was deployed with
bombed and the rubble they are backlogged and move Rifai, Los Angeles Times Staff bomb-detecting equipment
bulldozed away. at a glacial pace, and that in Writers around mosques, parks,
“The Shiites who moved any event their decisions are BAGHDAD — Thousands markets and other places where
into the homes near our rarely enforced. The of Sunni Muslim faithful people gather for the holiday.
property in Huriya, they will responsibility for resolving bowed their heads at dawn Though an unusually quiet
kill us if we go back,” she said. property disputes, those few Wednesday in mosques around day, there were reminders that
The housing situation in that are addressed, often falls Baghdad for the first prayers of militants remain active. A
Baghdad resembles a fraught to city council members or the Eid al-Adha holiday -- a bomb targeting a police patrol
game of musical chairs. Some tribal sheiks. time of renewed hope after in east Baghdad killed one
displaced people are renting Dhia’a al-Dien, 42, an months of reduced bloodshed, policeman and injured three
refugees’ homes; others moved engineer, leads the local yet tinged with sadness for others, authorities said. And
in secretly or by force. Still council in the area of Haifa those not there to share it. the body of a slain person was
others, like Ms. Kadhom and Street where Ms. Hashim and It was the largest turnout found in Baghdad.
Ms. Hashim, have nowhere to her family now live. Haifa in years at Abu Hanifa, But the relative calm
move back to, either because Street used to be one of the Baghdad's largest Sunni pervading the capital was a
their homes are gone or their most turbulent neighborhoods mosque, where worshipers stark contrast to the holiday's
neighborhoods are unsafe. And in Baghdad, and its middle spilled into the yard and the start last year, when at least 78
as refugees return in greater class fled as kidnappings and streets outside. After the people were killed in
numbers, and find strangers, mob-style street killings service, long lines formed to explosions across Iraq and
especially strangers from a soared. buy slices of pastry eaten with sixteen corpses were recovered
different sect, living in their When squatters descended syrup and cream, a traditional in Baghdad alone, victims of
homes, security gains here on some apartments, Mr. Dien holiday breakfast. execution-style slayings. On
could be erased. said he felt helpless. “They Relatives long separated that day, people woke up to
“If these people become were displaced from other by the killing that raged in hear the news that Saddam
desperate, we’re going back to neighborhoods. I felt pity for Baghdad's bloodied streets Hussein had been hanged,
square one,” said Dr. Said some of them. Others had were reunited again. spreading bitterness, fear and
Hakki, director of the Iraqi Red weapons, the invaders. There "I visited family and anger among his fellow Sunnis,
Crescent Society. “The Iraqi was such chaos.” friends all over Baghdad," even as Shiites fired guns into
government is aware of it and Mr. Dien said he had been marveled Sabah Abdul-Wahab, the air to celebrate the tyrant's
so is General Petraeus’s able to negotiate the return a young chef, who spent last demise.
office,” he said, referring to process for the handful of year's four-day holiday Those days seemed a dark,
Gen. David H. Petraeus, the owners who have reclaimed confined with his parents and unpleasant memory as
top American commander here. their buildings. Some of the siblings in the upmarket members of Naif Talal's
Yet the American forces squatters left; others agreed to Karada district. "I also went to extended family gathered at his
here have emphasized pay rent. But hundreds of the Zawra Park, and the place was grandfather's home in the Adil
repeatedly that they do not apartments’ owners have yet to filled with families having neighborhood, scene of some
want to get involved in return, and he fears getting picnics and just relishing the of the worst fighting of
property disputes, and the Iraqi stuck in the middle when they newfound security." Baghdad's sectarian war.
government appears to be do. Later, goats, sheep and Everyone brought a dish:
ignoring calls from its own “There’s no one helping us cows were slaughtered for sizzling kebabs, an eggplant
ranks to step up the appeals negotiate the return,” he said, family feasts commemorating casserole, carrot pilaf and
process. shaking his head. “The the prophet Abraham's savory stews.
Ms. Najaf, the migration Americans are telling us that willingness to sacrifice his son "I remember last year, all
official, said she had been we’ve got to negotiate between for God. One proud man was we would talk about is how so
pleading with government each other, because it’s not spotted posing for a snapshot and so was killed or involved
in a terrorist incident," said ever increasing prices. student in the Nineveh could come from elsewhere,
Talal, a technical surveyor with "Shirts and pants now cost provincial capital, Mosul, the Morrell told reporters at a
a young wife and 18-month-old more than 40,000 Iraqi dinars, holiday meant another day shut Pentagon news conference.
daughter. which is about $35," said up at home by parents fearful "I can tell you just this
This year, the conversation Ahmed Ubaidi, who was for her safety. week, for example, that the
was all politics: U.S. Secretary forced to buy secondhand for "I find Eid days are commanders in Afghanistan
of State Condoleezza Rice's his wife and children this year. depressing," she said. "For me are of the mind that perhaps
visit to Iraq on Tuesday and the "This is a steep price for us and other Mosul girls, holidays they would like more in
United States' difficulties in the government employees with and staying at home means Afghanistan than they have
Middle East. salaries not exceeding [about cleaning and hard housework." originally requested," he said.
Life is slowly picking up $200 per month]." Times staff writer Wail Morrell estimated that the
in Adil, where families venture In a reminder of the Alhafith in Baghdad and need in Afghanistan could
out later at night and markets persistent differences between special correspondent Ruaa increase from about 500 to 600
stay open past sunset. But by 7 the two Muslim sects, Shiites al-Zarary in Mosul contributed MRAPs.
p.m., most people are home, will begin celebrating Eid to this report along with The MRAP, with its raised
Talal said. In previous years, al-Adha on Friday. For Sunnis special correspondents in chassis and V-shaped hull,
he would have driven out of living in Shiite areas, that Baghdad and Kirkuk. disperses the force of
town for a picnic and visited meant subdued gatherings that explosions better than the
the family graves. But the would not attract the attention Humvee, the workhorse
cemetery is in Baghdad's of their neighbors. USA Today vehicle of the military.
western Abu Ghraib "Last year's Eid was a very December 20, 2007 However, MRAPs are
neighborhood, which remains mournful event because of Pg. 10 heavier and less nimble than
volatile. Saddam's execution," said Udai Troops at Risk -- IEDs in Humvees. That lack of
"The main setback, Ali, a Sunni resident in Iraq mobility can limit their use in
though, is that many of our overwhelmingly Shiite Basra, 14. Military Sets Sights Afghanistan's steep, rugged
friends and loved ones have Iraq's second-largest city. "I'm On At Least 15,000 terrain. Still, improvised
moved abroad," he said. not defending him, but Eid is MRAPs explosive devices (IEDs) have
"Everybody has been supposed to be an occasion for By Tom Vanden Brook, USA taken a heavy toll on U.S.
dispersed, so we miss them and happiness, and it is considered Today troops there, and commanders
wish that we were able to a holy event... . No one should WASHINGTON — The are asking for more MRAPs,
spend some time with them on be executed on this day, Pentagon remains committed Morrell said.
this occasion." regardless of their crime." to buying at least 15,000 new "Commanders there
In Amiriya, a former This year is better, he said. armored vehicles to withstand clearly believe that there is use
Baghdad insurgent stronghold, "The only thing that saddens roadside bombs and may seek for these vehicles in numbers
children raced through the me is that Muslims are not more based on requests from even above and beyond what
streets setting off firecrackers united in celebrating this day. commanders in Afghanistan, they originally thought were
and men filled a local mosque It would have been better and Pentagon press secretary Geoff necessary," he said. "So,
-- except for Anas. more beautiful if the case was Morrell said Wednesday. despite whatever limitations
"I don't like the way the the opposite." The Pentagon currently there might be on the vehicles,
preacher speaks," said the man, Some Shiites, however, plans to procure at least 15,374 they are proving to be
who did not want his full name made a point of visiting Sunni Mine Resistant Ambush extraordinarily valuable,
published in case of friends in Basra, where British Protected (MRAP) vehicles, lifesaving, and the
retribution. "When Al Qaeda forces last weekend handed full Morrell said. It has ordered commanders in Afghanistan
were in control, he used to responsibility for security to almost 12,000 MRAPs to date, seem to want more of them."
preach for jihad [holy war]. Iraqi authorities. including orders announced Tuesday's order for 3,100
Before that, he used to pray for "The recent transfer of Tuesday for 3,100 with a total MRAPs included an order for
Saddam. And now there are the security authority is also an Eid value of about $2.7 billion. second-generation vehicles
Americans. He goes with the [celebration] for us," said Lt. Gen. Raymond capable of withstanding
times." Aqeel Musawi, a Shiite taxi Odierno, the No. 2 commander explosively formed
The ebb in violence has driver, who was making the in Iraq, said recently that, penetrators, the most lethal
been a boon to shopkeepers rounds in the predominantly because of improving security IEDs. The Pentagon's MRAP
and market vendors, as Iraqis Sunni suburb of Zubair. conditions, forces there might office will pay $18 million for
turn out in large numbers to There was greater unease need fewer MRAPs than earlier further testing of the Bull, a
buy candy, nuts and clothes for north of Baghdad, where much anticipated. Commanders have thickly armored vehicle.
the holiday. of the current fighting is taking said since the inception of the The Pentagon anticipates
"More people are buying place. The U.S. command says MRAP program that they meeting its goal of fielding
and shopping, and we have insurgents pushed out by the would revise needs based on 1,525 MRAPs in Iraq by Dec.
made big profits," said troop buildup in Baghdad and a battlefield conditions. 20, Morrell said.
Mohammed Faruq, who runs a tribal rebellion in Anbar Last month, Marine Corps
market stall in the oil-rich province are establishing new Commandant James Conway
northern city of Kirkuk, where hide-outs in parts of Diyala, USA Today
said the Marines would cut
Rice made a stop Tuesday. Salahuddin and Nineveh December 20, 2007
their projected needs from
But many people are provinces. Pg. 1
3,700 MRAPs to 2,300.
struggling to cope with the For Alya Ali, a college Demand for more MRAPs 15. In Wartime Calls
Home, The Art Of Being say he almost got his leg blown families. home "to saying a prayer. …
Positive off. As a result, the Once you finish, and feel that
With communicating easier The spouse at home spouse-at-war can remain your prayer has been heard,
than ever, troops, families walk doesn't say Junior flunked involved at home — to hire a you feel a whole lot better."
fine line biology or Sis came home with lawn service, pay the bills, yell But because of what
By Rick Hampson, USA a nose ring. She doesn't say at the kids. Ender, the West Point
Today someone's been breaking into Last month, Army Maj. sociologist, calls "information
On the war's fifth the empty houses near the base. Eric Karis participated by overload," the home front
Christmas, here's a tableau She doesn't say she cries in the phone in his daughter's sometimes intrudes on the war
Norman Rockwell might have shower so the kids won't see. parent-teacher conference in zone, and vice versa.
appreciated: the family Hayes acknowledges the Fayetteville, N.C. In a 2005 study reported in
gathered by the tree for a new cost of such survival tactics. In "If there's a real problem the September issue of the
holiday ritual — the phone call a way, she says, perpetual with the kids, I'll let him step in journal Military Medicine,
from Iraq. discretion "compromises a and say to them, 'Knock it off researchers found that
There are the soldier's marriage. You're almost lying — listen to your Mom!' " says home-front issues — including
parents and siblings, spouse to make sure he's peaceful and Karis' wife, Margaret. family, money and legal
and children, aunts, uncles, happy." When Gwen problems — worried troops
cousins. As the phone passes Constant contact allows Devera-Waden was first stationed in Baghdad more
from hand to hand, everyone some people to give too much deployed in 2005, she was able than combat.
says the same thing. "Are you information — and forces to call her husband and kids in Constant contact with
OK? Stay safe! I love you." others to give too little. On the North Carolina once a week; home "is as much a hindrance
The conversation is intense and line to Iraq, the old Rockwell on this tour, the Army major as a blessing," says Army Maj.
emotional. And it is less than virtues — openness, honesty, can call every day. Spc. Brandi Denise Michel of Lockport,
entirely honest. spontaneity — don't always Palmer, an Army reservist, N.Y.
That's because the purpose apply. Not even at Christmas. calls Salt Lake City first thing "It increases the inability
of this call — like tens of In Iraq, for the first time in in the morning to speak to her to focus here, and doesn't allow
thousands of real ones that will U.S. military history, the 18-month-old daughter, Camri. adjustment and consistency on
take place this holiday season human voice has become the "It's so reassuring to hear the home front," Michel says.
between the home front and the most important link to home. her little voice, and hear her "And it increases depression,
war zone — is not to inform Troops who invaded say, 'Mama!' when she hears worry and frustration in some
and enlighten, but to comfort Afghanistan in 2001 my voice," Palmer says. "It's (who) realize they have no
and support. Few of the callers, sometimes were out of direct good to know she still knows control over the things they
here or there, tell the whole contact with their families for who I am." once did."
truth all the time. weeks or months. Now, Each type of Don Williamson, an Army
Cindy Hayes, 32, is an servicemembers head to Iraq communication has its niche. chaplain in Afghanistan and a
Army wife who lives with her with laptops, prepaid phone E-mail is for daily details, father of four from Missoula,
daughter near Fort Campbell, cards, software for Internet minor news and quick Mont., commanded infantry on
Ky. When she talks with her phone calls and video cameras. questions (Where's the an earlier tour in Iraq.
husband, Zack, in Iraq, "I don't In 2004, according to a checkbook?). Video "If a soldier does call
tell him anything that would survey by U.S. Military conferencing is for special home every day" and
distract him. If our daughter's Academy sociologist Morten occasions — everything from sometimes twice a day, he
sick, I just say she's sick. I Ender, one-quarter of the births to custody hearings. says, "then spouses simply tell
don't give any details, because troops in Iraq called family or Letters are for romance and their soldiers everything that is
he'll think about that while he's friends in the States at least reflection. going on — good, bad and
on a mission." twice a week, and 10% phoned The phone is for the most indifferent."
Nor does she ask about daily. Because more troops immediate and intimate Personally, he says, "when
what he's doing: "I don't want have cellphones now, Ender conversations. I call home, my wife does not
to know anything. I've heard says calling frequency "It's a true connection, need to tell me that our
stuff I shouldn't have heard probably has increased because you can tell from his youngest threw a tantrum, or
when he was home. Now, we significantly among the current voice how he's really feeling, if the two oldest are fighting
don't talk about it at all." force of 160,000. he's tired or happy or what," constantly."
Because people separated They log more than 11.6 says Jessica Kurtzman of Fort Constant contact also has a
by the Iraq war can million minutes a month, Campbell, whose husband, downside at home. Families
communicate so quickly and according to the Defense Josh, commands an Army accustomed to daily phone or
easily, many are careful about Department. company in Samarra. Internet contact with Iraq can
what they say, via text The military has installed "One phone call can make be spooked when the military
messages, e-mail, video and thousands of phone lines and everything happening at the cuts off communication
phone — not so much to established scores of Internet time go away, and lift the because of an enemy attack or
protect military secrets as to cafes in Iraq. The USO has spirits," Marine Sgt. Randy a U.S. casualty.
protect each other. In the given away more than 2 Morrow says. "Anytime I can "When you don't get a call,
military, the mantra is: "Keep it million prepaid phone cards. talk to my wife and children on it's all you think about," says
positive." The Freedom Calls Foundation the phone, it is a great day." Pat Vardaro of Norwood,
The spouse at war doesn't provides 1.5 million free calls a Army Maj. Christopher Mass., whose son, Pat Jr., is an
month to servicemembers and West of Memphis likens a call Army officer. "Your
imagination runs away from She never cries on the about coming home." Of Religious Violations
you." phone, no matter how she What matters most, Suit claims troops pressured to
This fall, Vardaro went for feels, and keeps her emotions however, is not what is said, back Christian beliefs
three weeks without hearing in check. "I miss you" is OK, but that it can be said. Even By John Milburn, Associated
from his son — and was in the she says; "I miss you and I that is no sure thing. Kathy Press
shower when he finally called. can't make it without you here" Quast worries that something A foundation that has sued
Nothing hurts worse than is not. will happen to force U.S. the military alleging
missing a call. The self-censoring works commanders to close the phone widespread violations of
Cindy Hayes was in a both ways. Hayes says her lines, as they did last religious freedom said Tuesday
department store when Zack, husband broke a rib in Iraq but Christmas. She stayed home all that it has evidence showing
an Army staff sergeant who told her he didn't know how. day waiting for a call that that soldiers are pressured to
escorts long-distance convoys, "How," she wonders, "do never came. adopt fundamentalist Christian
was able to place his first call you not know how you broke Some troops will have to beliefs.
home in weeks. your rib?" travel long distances or stand The photos and videos of
She realized she'd missed The need to keep it in long lines to get through. religious materials and
the call only after she was positive, even if it's not, puts Cindy Hayes and her activities are part of a lawsuit
outside in the parking lot and stress on the spouse who must daughter will fly to Los filed by the Military Religious
heard her phone's voice-mail dissemble. Angeles to spend the holiday Freedom Foundation and Army
beep. She started sobbing. Tiffany Rodriguez of with her family. They'll gather Spc. Jeremy Hall, an atheist,
Now she sleeps with her Syracuse, N.Y., says that when by the tree, her cellphone on against Maj. Freddy J. Welborn
cellphone under her pillow and her husband was serving in the coffee table, waiting for a and Defense Secretary Robert
has moved the bed closer to the Iraq she would try to hold her ring. Gates.
window for better reception. breath and "go numb" to avoid If Zack calls, it will be The material was gathered
Like a lot of other military crying. wonderful; if not, Cindy will from Fort Riley in Kansas, the
wives, she's always checking Kathy Quast of Rockford, have to be strong. Air Force Academy in
her phone signal. Ill., says that when she talks to "I can't get mad," she says. Colorado Springs and Fort
Sometimes, a call only son Matt, "I try to be up for "I have to learn to be very Jackson, S.C.
reinforces the sense of him. I don't want to cry. But it's patient." Examples at Fort Riley,
separation. Army Sgt. Neil so hard not to." Tips for calling where Hall is stationed,
Conant calls his wife, Ashley, Jenn Marner, an Army According to interviews included a display outside his
at Fort Carson, Colo., almost wife who lives in Colorado with home-front families and military police battalion's
daily from Baghdad. Springs, says that when her servicemembers, here are some office with a quote from
She says she loves their husband was deployed, "I tried generally accepted do's and conservative writer Ann
talks, but it's almost easier to be the strong one" and kept don'ts for phone calls with Coulter saying, "We should
when he can't call: "If I'm not problems to herself. those in Iraq: invade their countries, kill their
talking to him, I'm not missing That lasted for about a DO's leaders and convert them to
him so much. It's like I don't month, during which she cried *Before deployment, work Christianity."
know he's missing." herself to sleep each night. Her out a communication plan. Another photo from Fort
The pitfalls of constant relationship with her husband *Rehearse younger Riley shows the book A
calling have given rise to a new suffered. "He wondered what children before a call, lest they Politically Incorrect Guide to
telephone etiquette based on a was going on with me. … You get tongue-tied, and write Islam for sale at the post
code that Jaine Darwin, a have people who cheat, and the down your own talking points, exchange.
Massachusetts psychologist worst goes through your in case a call catches you by "These astonishing and
who has counseled military mind." surprise. saddening evidence which our
families, calls "shield your Her conclusion: "Couples DON'Ts foundation is making public
soldier." need to exchange deep, *Don't lie, because the today only further buttress our
Kristin Henderson is the heartfelt messages, not just soldier is coming home lawsuit," said Mike Weinstein,
author of While They're at 'keep it light.' They must walk someday. an attorney in Albuquerque and
War, a book on deployments. the line between candor and *Don't ask, "Are you president of the foundation,
She says that when her discretion," she says, "and you OK?" more than once per who graduated from the Air
husband, a Navy chaplain, was know when you've crossed it." conversation. Force Academy in 1977.
in Iraq and Afghanistan, "I was At Christmas, a single Lisa Jacobs, with Navy Fort Riley spokesman Maj.
playing a role. My job was to telephone call can bear the Customs in Kuwait, says she Nathan Bond said the matter
keep his morale up. 'I'm fine — weight of a long separation — never says goodbye; it's too was being referred to post
how are you?' That's all I between the Kurtzmans at their final. When she calls commanders for investigation.
wanted to say." family home in Maine and Josh Stockbridge, Mich., she tells He said it is the Army's policy
Hayes knows the drill. in Samarra; the Karises in her folks, "I'll talk to you to accommodate all religious
She'll write an e-mail and, North Carolina and Eric in later." beliefs to the extent that they
before sending it, spend 15 Baghdad; the Quasts in Illinois don't conflict with military
minutes editing out "everything and Matt in Taji. missions.
I think would upset him, things Kathy Quast knows the Denver Rocky Mountain News "We do take this
you can't let him know." Like direction the conversation will December 19, 2007 seriously," he said. If they are
that she was crying as she put take. "He never talks about Pg. 44 true, he added, they "do not
up the Christmas decorations. war," she says. "He just talks 16. GI Accuses Military seem in line with the Army
values of respect." Army the Army secretary. It was Therefore, Defense Secretary
The lawsuit filed in federal By Thom Shanker driven by the president’s Robert M. Gates decided on
court in Kansas City, Kan., in WASHINGTON — approval to expand the Army holding troops and families in
September alleges that President Bush has approved by 74,000, including the Europe until they could move
Welborn threatened to file what officials are describing as Reserves, to meet the needs in directly into their final
military charges against Hall the most significant Iraq and Afghanistan and to residences.
and to block his re-enlistment realignment of the Army since prepare for future threats. “It would have cost
for trying to hold a meeting of World War II, signing off on a Army and Pentagon millions of additional dollars to
atheists and non- Christians in plan that will keep more troops officials involved in the plan build temporary housing to get
Iraq. than previously envisioned in made no secret that some those two brigades back as
Hall is with the 97th Europe and add large numbers members of Congress had originally scheduled,” said
Military Police Battalion out of of soldiers to bases in weighed in heavily to secure Geoff Morrell, the Pentagon
Fort Riley. He was serving his Colorado, Georgia and Texas, additional forces in their states, press secretary.
second tour in Iraq and has Army officials said and to assure that the plan to
since returned to the U.S. Wednesday. hold off for several years the
Weinstein said materials The basing plan is the final return of two brigades from Philadelphia Inquirer
for a Bible studies course from step in a detailed program for Germany would not diminish December 20, 2007
Military Ministry, part of deciding where a larger Army the eventual level of forces to 18. Army To Create Six
Campus Crusade for Christ will live and train in the years be based in their areas. Brigades For Bases In
International, teach soldiers ahead, as it grows by 65,000 Fort Carson, Colo.; Fort U.S.
that the U.S. military and active-duty soldiers. It Stewart, Ga.; and Fort Bliss, The move is part of a plan to
government are instruments to significantly changes the Tex., will each receive two increase the size of the force by
spread the word of God. The military’s footprint from before additional combat brigades. 74,000 soldiers by 2010.
material was found at Fort the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, Additional support brigades By Lolita C. Baldor,
Jackson, S.C., he said. and alters a global basing plan will be based at Schofield Associated Press
A spokeswoman for adopted with great fanfare by Barracks, Hawaii; Fort WASHINGTON-- The
Campus Crusade for Christ the Pentagon in 2004. Leonard Wood, Mo.; Fort Bliss Pentagon will send six new
said ministry officials hadn't The revised plan freezes and Fort Hood, Tex.; Fort combat brigades to bases in
had a chance to review the previous orders for rapidly Lewis, Wash.; and Fort Polk, Texas, Georgia and Colorado
evidence and declined to reducing Army forces in La. in the coming years as part of
comment. Europe by two heavy brigades “The Army is undergoing an extensive plan to enlarge the
The lawsuit also alleges scheduled to come home from the largest transformational Army.
that Gates permits a military Germany at least two years change since 1942,” General As the Army moves to
culture in which officers are sooner than under the new Cody said, as a full one-third grow by 74,000 soldiers by
encouraged to pressure soldiers program. Now, one brigade of the Army will be based at 2010, officials yesterday
to adopt and espouse will remain in Germany until different stations by 2011. mapped out decisions to add
fundamentalist Christian 2012 and the other until 2013. The active-duty Army the combat brigades and eight
beliefs, and allows a culture Even after the return of end-strength is scheduled to support units around the
that sanctions activities by those two brigades to the reach 547,000 by then, as the country, as well an agreement
Christian organizations. United States, two brigades Army’s fighting force will to delay moving two brigades
It also says the military will remain in Europe, one in grow to 48 brigade combat out of Germany until
permits proselytizing by Germany and one in Italy, teams from 33 in 2003. 2012-2013. The overall effort
soldiers, tolerates along with a large contingent New construction for would cost $66.4 billion across
anti-Semitism and the placing of service and support housing, headquarters and 743 military construction
of religious symbols on personnel. Altogether, the motor pools — as well as projects through 2013.
military equipment, and allows Army will maintain more than health care and child care Fort Bliss in Texas, Fort
the use of military e-mail 37,000 troops on the continent. centers — will top $66.4 Carson in Colorado, and Fort
accounts to send religious The commitment to keep billion by 2013, General Cody Stewart in Georgia will be big
rhetoric. about 10,000 extra troops in said, emphasizing that the winners, with each getting two
The Pentagon has said that Europe above the level of Army was paying special new combat brigades. But
the military values and respects previous plans was advocated attention to quality-of-life every Army installation across
religious freedoms but that as necessary to sustain training issues for the all-volunteer the country will see more
accommodating religious and other exercises with force. He said that under the soldiers - anywhere from a few
practices should not interfere foreign militaries, and as a new plan, combat brigades to thousands.
with unit cohesion, readiness, hedge against risks to would live alongside and train A brigade is generally
standards or discipline. American security. with the support, sustainment about 3,500 soldiers, but its
The full basing plan for and intelligence units with size can vary depending on the
the United States, Europe and which they would go to war. type of unit. Fort Stewart will
New York Times South Korea was presented to One compelling argument lose one of its existing heavy
December 20, 2007 Mr. Bush and Vice President for keeping more troops in brigades, but will have a net
Pg. 18 Dick Cheney in the Oval Germany longer than gain of nearly 4,000 troops.
17. President Approves Office on Monday by Gen. previously planned is that their Gen. Richard Cody, the
Realignment Of The Richard Cody, the Army vice new housing was not yet ready Army vice chief of staff, said
chief of staff, and Pete Geren, at bases in the United States. the Army took "a hard look at
where we could station this Pg. 3 one of them must live the Infantry Division, gave the
force ... and give them a 19. Nationline Army values and be leaders of green light for a murder trial.
quality of life that is equal to President Bush visits character. The institution Shore, 25, who returned
their quality of service to the wounded troops at Walter Reed depends on them." from a 15-month tour of Iraq in
nation." Army Medical Center in Soldiers who take the October, maintained his
Cody also echoed recent Washington. exams are warned that cheating innocence and expressed
statements by Defense is also a crime under the disappointment in the Army's
Secretary Robert Gates saying Uniformed Code of Military decision. He said he had hoped
that as the Army grew, the Boston Globe Justice. But the Globe reported to have the case wrapped up by
Pentagon could eventually December 20, 2007 that no soldier has been now and go on with life,
shorten deployment times from 20. General Orders prosecuted nor has the Army pursuing a career in the Army.
15 months back to 12 months. Review Of Cheating implemented a series of Now, just a week before
Gates has said it was not likely Move follows reports on testing anti-cheating measures a panel Christmas, the news was hard
to happen until late next year. By Bryan Bender, Globe Staff of testing specialists to take.
Reducing deployments WASHINGTON - The recommended as early as 2001. "I guess they're playing
will depend on how fast the four-star general in charge of Spokesmen for Wallace hardball," he said by telephone
Army can grow and how Army training has ordered a could not be immediately from his apartment in
quickly the number of troops review to determine how many reached to determine who will Honolulu.
deployed can be decreased, soldiers may have cheated on conduct the review ordered by Shore's father's reaction
Cody said. There are now online tests to obtain Wallace and when it will be was much stronger.
158,000 U.S. troops in Iraq, promotion points - and to completed. "I'm mad as hell," said
but that is expected to drop identify the steps the military Globe correspondent Brian Shore, who lives in
over the next six months as the must take to secure the Kevin Baron contributed to this Lawrenceville. "I love
five brigades sent in early this compromised courses, the report. America, but the Army is not
year for the troop buildup Army said in a statement part of my country anymore.
depart and are not replaced. yesterday. We had faith in the system."
Cody said the decision to Atlanta Journal-Constitution Shore and his platoon
The Dec. 16 directive from
keep two brigades in Germany December 20, 2007 sergeant, Sgt. 1st Class Trey A.
General William S. Wallace,
for several more years was Pg. 1 Corrales of San Antonio, were
chief of the Training and
based on requests from Doctrine Command in Fort 21. GI's Hopes Appear accused of killing an Iraqi
commanders in Europe to Monroe, Va., came the same Dashed detainee during a nighttime
maintain troop levels there, and day as a Globe investigation Georgian faces murder trial in raid last June in a village near
the need to ensure that troops revealed that officials in charge Iraq death the northern Iraqi city of
returning to the United States of the Army Correspondence By Moni Basu, Atlanta Kirkuk.
had proper housing and other Course Program did nothing Journal-Constitution At the Article 32 hearing
facilities at their new base. even though they had evidence The good news that a in October, Shore told the
One brigade in Germany soldiers were obtaining the Winder soldier received last investigating officer that
would move to Fort Bliss in answers to the computerized month soured this week as the Corrales ordered him to
2012, and a second brigade tests since at least 1999. Army decided to press ahead "finish" the Iraqi man, who
would move from Germany to The Globe found that with murder charges. was bleeding and down on the
White Sands Missile Range in thousands of soldiers have In the case against Spc. ground. Shore said he fired his
New Mexico in 2013. been trading copies of the tests Christopher P. Shore, the Army rifle but intentionally missed
The massive plan will and answer keys through a downgraded its initial charge the man and the next day
affect 304 Army installations, growing number of Internet of premeditated murder of an reported the incident to his
including 380,000 soldiers and sites to gain valuable points for Iraqi detainee to murder in the supervisors.
family members. The promotion to sergeant, the first third degree, which amounts to Corrales waived his right
construction projects include rank in the noncommissioned a manslaughter charge in the to an Article 32 hearing. Maj.
69,000 barracks spaces, 4,100 officer corps. Reservists and civilian world. The charge Gary Johnson, the attorney for
family housing units, and 66 National Guard troops who carries a maximum penalty of Shore's brigade, said no
child centers. complete the tests are awarded life in prison. decision has been made on
Plans are to increase the retirement points that help The decision goes against Corrales yet.
number of the active-duty determine future benefits. the recommendation made by Lt. Col. Raul Gonzalez,
Army, Army Guard and Army Wallace ordered the an investigating officer who the Article 32 investigating
Reserve by 74,000 overall. In review on Sunday "to presided over an Article 32 officer, recommended that the
October, top Army leaders said determine the depth of the hearing, the equivalent of a charges against Shore be
they planned to move faster to problem and take action," grand jury investigation. His reduced to aggravated assault.
enlarge the force - adding the according to Wallace's report, released in November, Gonzalez said no evidence
full 74,000 soldiers by 2010, statement. determined the evidence existed that linked the shots
two years sooner than "Cheating violates our against Shore did not warrant fired by Shore to the detainee's
originally planned. core Army values," the general referral of the case to a death. He said that
said. "The backbone of our court-martial. "overwhelming evidence"
Army is our noncommissioned But on Tuesday, Maj. Gen. showed that Corrales "did with
USA Today Benjamin Mixon, commander intent to kill, shoot at and hit
officers corps. Each and every
December 20, 2007 of the Hawaii-based 25th the detainee multiple times
with an M-4 rifle." Army outpost in Ramadi, in than those of the two men who What the soldier's father,
However, in a memo western Iraq. The soldiers' died. Chris, would learn about his
issued to Mixon, the 25th families initially were told the According to Army son's final days would lead the
Infantry Division commander, men were killed by enemy fire. officials in April, unit retired Special Forces
earlier this week, the staff In response to a Freedom commanders in Iraq did not at commando, who teaches at
judge advocate, Lt. Col. Martin of Information request by the first suspect the two men were Fort Bragg, to take on the very
Sims, said that the murder Associated Press, the military killed by U.S. forces, but an institution he's spent his life
charge "is warranted by the released its subsequent investigation by the unit serving - and ultimately prompt
evidence indicated in the report investigation into the deaths. concluded that may have been an investigation by the Army
of the investigation." The families were told in the case. Inspector General's office.
Mixon approved the memo March that the soldiers may The Army came under The documents, obtained
on Monday. The revised have been killed by their criticism over its handling of by Freedom of Information Act
charge was issued the next day. comrades. the death of pro football player requests filed by Chris
Shore's attorney, Michael The investigation found Pat Tillman, who was killed in Scheuerman, reveal a troubled
Waddington of Augusta, said that the two were killed by tank April 2004 by fellow U.S. soldier kept in Iraq despite
he didn't understand how Sims fire from a second Army troops in Afghanistan. repeated signs he was going to
could justify a murder charge, outpost after insurgents Though dozens of soldiers kill himself, including placing
based on the Article 32 report. engaged both outposts from knew quickly that Tillman had the muzzle of his weapon in his
"In a case like this, where numerous locations. The tank been killed by Americans, the mouth multiple times.
the Article 32 report was so gunner and commander Army said initially that he was Jason Scheuerman's story -
strong and well documented, it thought they were taking on killed by enemy gunfire when pieced together with interviews
is extraordinarily rare for the the enemy position, the he led his team to help another and information in the
Army to contradict it," investigation concluded. group of ambushed soldiers. It documents - demonstrates how
Waddington said. The deaths were not a was five weeks before his he was failed by the very
"The evidence has not result of negligence, family was told the truth; the support system that was
changed," he said. "They investigators said. Instead, "a Army has blamed the delay on supposed to protect him. In his
couldn't convince Colonel series of decisions and actions procedural mistakes. case, a psychologist told his
Gonzalez that Shore murdered by both the tank crews and commanders to send him back
the detainee. Now they're their command, taken to his unit because he was
going to try to convince 12 collectively, fell short of the Tampa Tribune capable of feigning mental
people that he did. I'm high expectations we have of December 20, 2007 illness to get out of the Army.
disappointed, but I'm not our soldiers and their leaders." 23. Parents Want Army He is not alone. At least
scared." It was not clear whether the Officials Held 152 U.S. troops have taken
Johnson, the brigade Army reprimanded the tank Accountable In Son's their own lives in Iraq and
attorney, said Mixon was not crews and their command. Suicide Afghanistan since the two wars
bound by the investigating The report said their By Kimberly Hefling, started, contributing to the
officer's report. The Article 32 decisions and actions "directly Associated Press Army's highest suicide rate in
recommendation, he said, was created the conditions which SANFORD, N.C. - Pfc. 26 years of keeping track. For
just that. caused this accident, including Jason Scheuerman nailed a the grieving parents, the
Johnson said Shore will deficiencies in training, suicide note to his barracks answers don't come easily or
probably be arraigned the first manning, mission preparation, closet in Iraq, stepped inside quickly.
or second week of January, target validation procedures, and shot himself. For Jason Scheuerman,
after which a trial date will be and tactical level friendly force "Maybe finaly I can get death came on July 30, 2005,
set. marking that, if addressed and some peace," said the around 5:30 p.m., about 45
corrected, can limit fratricide 20-year-old, misspelling minutes after his first sergeant
such as this in the future." "finally" but writing in a neat told the teary-eyed private that
Washington Post The author of the report, if he was intentionally
December 20, 2007 hand.
whose name was omitted, said His parents didn't find out misbehaving so he could leave
Pg. 11 all parties acted prudently and the Army, he would go to jail
22. Inquiry Cites about the note for well over a
genuinely, and tried to fire at year, and then only when it where he would be abused.
Friendly Fire In Deaths Army targets. The showed up in a government When the call came out
Of Two Soldiers recommendations were blacked envelope in his father's rural over the unit's radios that there
By Associated Press out in the copy sent to the North Carolina mailbox. had been a death, one soldier
Two U.S. soldiers who Associated Press. The one-page missive was later would tell investigators he
died in Iraq in February were An Army spokeswoman, among hundreds of pages of suspected it was Scheuerman.
killed by "friendly fire," Maj. Anne Edgecomb, said she documents the soldier's family A Natural Path To The
according to a military could not say whether anyone obtained and shared with The Military
investigation, which cited poor was reprimanded. "The fact Associated Press after battling Scheuerman spent his
training and planning. that these soldiers died as a a military bureaucracy they early years on military posts
Spec. Alan E. McPeek, 20, result of fratricide in no way feel didn't want to answer their playing GI Joe. The middle
of Tucson and Pvt. Matthew diminishes their sacrifice," she questions, especially this: Why child, he divided his time after
Zeimer, 18, of Glendive, said. did Jason Scheuerman have to his parents' divorce between
Mont., were killed Feb. 2 at an Most names were also die? his mother's house in
blacked out in the report, other Lynchburg, Va., and his
father's in North Carolina of touch with reality; in a not meet the criteria for a was already too late," he said.
where he went to high school. world all his own," his platoon mental health disorder, and that Scheuerman's body was
Scheuerman liked military sergeant said in a report. a screening test he had taken discovered in a closet.
history and writing, but Soldier Said Goodbye To indicated he was exaggerating. 'My Worst Fears Were
decided college wasn't for him. Mother He told Scheuerman's leaders Realized'
After a short stint in An Army chaplain who he was "capable of claiming Initially, Jason
landscaping, he followed what met with him about a month mental illness in order to Scheuerman's father said he
seemed an almost natural path before he died said his mood manipulate his command." trusted the Army would
into the military. His mother had "drastically changed." He Still, when he sent investigate his son's death and
had spent a year in the Army, said Scheuerman demonstrated Scheuerman back to his take action.
and his father, a physician's disturbing behavior by "sitting barracks, he told the private's "I did not want to believe
assistant, retired as an Army with his weapon between his leaders that if Scheuerman that it was as bad as I thought it
master sergeant. One of his two legs and bobbing his head on claimed to be depressed, to was, so I chose not to make
brothers also joined and is now the muzzle." He told take it seriously. He hasty judgments," Chris
in Afghanistan. Scheuerman's leaders to have recommended Scheuerman Scheuerman said from his
He enlisted in 2004 and his rifle and ammunition sleep in an area where he could kitchen table. "I chose to
was sent to Iraq from Fort magazine "taken from him be watched, that most of his systematically try to get all the
Benning, Ga., in January 2005 immediately" and for him to personal belongings and information that I could and
with the 3rd Infantry Division. undergo a mental health privileges be taken away for once I received all the
On leave a few months later, evaluation. his safety. information I could, my worst
Scheuerman told his father he Scheuerman checked on a The evaluation "created in fears were realized."
was having a hard time with mental health questionnaire the leaders' minds the idea that Each document that
combat and killing people. that he had thoughts about the soldier was a malingerer all arrived brought more pain.
"I've seen war," his father killing himself, was uptight, along," an officer from his unit When a copy of his son's
said. "I told him that a lot of anxious and depressed, had evaluating the case as part of a suicide note appeared,
what he was seeing was feelings of hopelessness and post-suicide investigation later Scheuerman broke down
normal. That we all feel it. despair, felt guilty and was would determine. crying. In the note, his son said
That we're all afraid." having work problems. But in Shortly after the he wanted to say goodbye, but
Back in Iraq, things didn't person, the psychologist said, psychologist's determination his ability to contact the family
improve. One soldier - whose he denied having thoughts of and a few weeks before he was taken away "like
name was blacked out on the suicide. died, Scheuerman's Internet everything else." He said he'd
documents like most others - Less than a week later, and phone communication brought dishonor on his family
said he saw Jason put the Scheuerman's mother got an were shut off. His parents did and his Army unit.
muzzle of his rifle in his e-mail from her son telling her not hear from him again. "I know you think I'm a
mouth, and told investigators goodbye. She contacted a The night before he shot coward for this but in the face
other soldiers had seen him do family support official at Fort himself, his rifle - which had of existing as I am now, I have
something similar. Benning and later received a been returned to him - was no other choice," Scheuerman
"He said it was a joke," the call saying her son had been found in a Humvee. The next wrote. "As the 1st Sgt said all I
soldier said. "He said he had checked and was fine. Later, morning, one soldier said have to look forward to is a
thought about it before but her son sent her an instant Scheuerman "was quiet and butt-buddy in jail, not much of
didn't have a plan to do it." message and said her phone seemed depressed. He said he a future."
Scheuerman was call had made things worse. had a rough night and didn't Chris Scheuerman wants
reprimanded for not bathing or The same day as her call, sleep well." to see a more thorough
shaving and spending too much Scheuerman's company Later that day, he was investigation, and some of his
time playing video games. He commander requested a mental punished again and given 14 son's leaders punished -
misplaced a radio and didn't evaluation, noting that the days of extra duty. perhaps even criminally
wear parts of his uniform. private was a "good soldier" Scheuerman had tears in charged - and the psychologist
Sometimes, Scheuerman was but displays "distant, his eyes, but one of his brought before a medical peer
singled out for punishment, depression like symptoms." noncommissioned officers said review committee. "We will
one soldier told an investigator. Visiting with the he was surprisingly calm not see a statistical decrease in
"I don't know why," the soldier psychologist for the second before he went to his room, Army suicides until the Army
said. Another said his time, Scheuerman said he weapon in hand. gets serious about holding
noncommissioned officers sometimes saw other people on "I told him to go upstairs people accountable when they
were yelling at him "more days guard duty that other soldiers and clean his gear and change do not do what they are trained
then not." do not see, suggesting he was his uniform," his squad leader to do," he said.
His platoon sergeant said hallucinating. And he said that told investigators. "I was so
in a disciplinary note that if he wasn't diagnosed as angry with him, I went outside
Scheuerman's actions put having a mental problem, he to smoke and talk to someone San Diego Union-Tribune
everyone in danger. "If you was going to be in trouble with so I didn't blow up." December 20, 2007
continue on your present his leader. Yet he again denied Less than an hour later, he Pg. 1
course of action, you may end being suicidal, the psychologist said he heard someone yelling 24. You Know The Drill
up in a body bag," he wrote. reported. that Scheuerman had done Abuse of Marine recruits
As he was punished, "it The psychologist something. officially banned, but ...
appeared as though he was out determined Scheuerman did "At that point, I knew I By Steve Liewer and Rick
Rogers, Staff Writers Glass and other former Lasica, a spokeswoman for the recalled the master sergeant,
Almost every week, drill drill instructors contend that San Diego depot. who now trains drill instructors
instructors greet dozens of recruit abuse is common Many of the rules at the San Diego depot. “When
young men arriving at the despite the Marine Corps' governing operations at the I became a drill instructor, I
Marine Corps Recruit Depot in official disapproval of it. Corps' two boot camps found out that most of the
San Diego by screaming orders “There are always ways to stemmed from two highly things that happened to me
in their faces. circumvent the (rules),” Glass publicized cases: were outside the (rules) – even
Over the next 13 weeks, testified. “Drill instructors do it A 1956 exercise at the at the time.”
the recruits will endure a every day.” Marines' training depot at A colonel who rose from
training ritual that's part Often, he said, those Parris Island, S.C., in which six the enlisted ranks said hitting
exercise, part drill, part actions included taking recruits drowned while under recruits was routine when he
motivation and part hazing. advantage of loopholes that the orders of drunken drill went through boot camp in
The process will break some allow drill instructors to touch instructors. 1980. He said his drill
and drive most to tears. recruits when adjusting their A 1975 incident at the San instructor struck him several
Marine boot camp, widely equipment or correcting their Diego depot in which a slow times, usually as an example to
regarded as the most grueling positions and movements. recruit was beaten to death others.
among the military branches, is There's a big gap between with pugil sticks while a drill “It was just accepted. I
designed to mold undisciplined the standards drawn up by instructor watched. saw other Marines, the same
recruits into the world's finest desk-bound officers and what The cases prompted major thing happened to them,” the
warriors. works on the drill field and in revisions and caused the colonel testified. “For training,
“The more we sweat in the recruit barracks, said Al Marine Corps to boost officers' it didn't seem like that big of a
peacetime, the less we bleed in Batinga, a Marine drill supervision of recruit training. deal. After graduation, you
combat,” said Bill Paxton of instructor in the 1970s. Today, sergeants studying to look back and see these things
Santee, a retired Marine “It is not really based in be drill instructors spend 116 weren't supposed to happen.”
sergeant major, repeating an reality,” said Batinga, now a hours in classrooms studying But not all drill instructors
oft-repeated training refrain. corporate consultant in Orange regulations. found the regulations vague.
“We don't want 'em to make it County. “It's like an Yet recruit abuse persists. Nick Popaditch of Linda
no softer.” administrator telling a football In the past four years, at Vista, a former gunnery
But experience and team how to win games.” least 44 drill instructors have sergeant, said the rules against
scandal have shown that the The Corps' rules are too been disciplined for mistreating recruits were
Corps' tough-love approach to restrictive for Marines destined misconduct against recruits at strong and clear when he
training can turn troublesome for combat, said David Payne, the San Diego depot, according served as a drill instructor at
when the toughness runs a former drill instructor who to statistics provided by the the San Diego depot in the late
roughshod over the love. trained as many as 600 recruits Corps. 1990s.
In February, the San Diego at the San Diego depot from Disciplinary actions “It's very black and white.
depot's commanders dismissed 1996 to 1999. jumped markedly after Brig. You very definitely ... know
four drill instructors after what “It's impossible to follow Gen. Angela Salinas took what's right and what's wrong,”
prosecutors described as “two all the regulations and still turn command of the base last year. said Popaditch, who left the
months of terror” for recruits out the type of trained Marine In 2005, six drill instructors Marine Corps after losing an
from Platoon 2167. Several the service expects, especially were punished for misconduct. eye when insurgents ambushed
officers charged with in time of war,” said Payne, The number was 21 in 2006 his tank in Fallujah, Iraq, in
overseeing or investigating the now a production worker for and 17 this year. 2004.
alleged cruelty also were The San Diego Union-Tribune. The testimony of More than the other
relieved of their positions. As a drill instructor, he prospective jurors at Wendel's services, the Corps has a
The platoon's most junior used an unwritten rule of court-martial indicated that reputation of seeking recruits
drill instructor, Sgt. Jerrod thumb to guide his training: “If recruit abuse has taken place with exceptional physical
Glass, was sentenced last you can explain the training over the years. Six of the 13 abilities who yearn to prove
month to six months in prison value of something, it's legal. If Marines considered for the themselves as elite fighters. It
and a dishonorable discharge you can't, it probably isn't.” panel – all officers or senior prefers to focus on
for mistreating 23 recruits. For at least half a century enlisted Marines whose names expeditionary combat, while
Witnesses testified that he and through a half-dozen wars, weren't made public – said they the Army trains its men and
struck his men with tent poles, the Marines have formally were abused during boot camp women to not only fight battles
hit them with flashlights and barred recruit abuse. Drill years ago. All of them said the but also take on long-term
forced them to drink water instructors can't strike recruits, misconduct was neither reconstruction and security
until they vomited. for example. They can't starve reported nor punished. work in war zones.
Sgt. Brian Wendel, the them or give punishment A master sergeant said The point of boot camp is
platoon's No.2 drill instructor, exercises lasting more than drill instructors whipped him to toughen recruits by “slinging
received a demotion and a eight minutes at a time. They across the face with a rifle, stress” so they're more
career-ending reprimand this can't use degrading language, threw him to the ground and prepared to deal with war,
week for not reporting Glass' nicknames or profanity against kicked him in the chest at Popaditch said. A drill
abuse. The senior drill recruits. Parris Island on separate instructor should instill fear
instructor, Sgt. Robert “The Marine Corps has no occasions in 1989. without doing harm, he added.
Hankins, is scheduled for tolerance of drill-instructor “At the time, I did not feel “Just beating on somebody
court-martial next month. misconduct,” said Maj. Kristen like I was being abused,” – it's not going to be scary the
second time you do it,” USA Today form. "I wanted to serve my Hoagland, worked for years as
Popaditch said. “You threaten December 20, 2007 country," he said. "I figured it a paramedic and is a skilled
a lot. Your bark is always Pg. 6 was the right thing to do." carpenter. He made their
worse than your bite.” 25. Indiana Brothers Josh, who admits to being home's kitchen cabinets from
There's widespread Say It's Their Turn To the worst loser in the family, the wood of ash trees grown on
agreement that the Marine said brotherly competition had their property. And he has
Corps has gradually become
Serve Country nothing to do with his found some unusual ways to
Stoppenhagen trio to leave
clearer in defining recruit enlistment a month after Zach. teach his sons the skills he's
behind Mom, Dad for tours of
abuse and more stringent in He'd been thinking about the picked up over the years.
duty in Iraq
banning it, partly in response to Guard. Zach's enlistment, he A couple of years ago Stan
By Robert King, The
each recruit-abuse crisis. said, simply confirmed his own bought an old house and made
Tom Richards of Rancho choice. a deal with Zach and Josh: If
DECATUR, Ind. — Tami
Bernardo said recruit abuse More laid-back, Jake has they remodeled it, he would
and Stan Stoppenhagen have
wasn't allowed in his day, never had that competitive sell it and split the proceeds
had a house full of boys for
either, but that drill instructors streak, which, along with his with them. They stripped it
more than 20 years. They've
could get away with more in personality, made his decision down to the studs and went to
stepped over toy soldiers on
those days because they had far to enlist all the more shocking work, eventually turning a nice
the living room floor and
less supervision. to his parents. While his big profit. In the same manner, he
battled the Sunday-morning
“I know people who brothers jostled for supremacy bought Zach two go-carts for
wiggles at church.
absolutely believed corporal on the backyard basketball Christmas one year. Neither of
In January, the
punishment was necessary. court, he became best friends which could run.
Stoppenhagen boys will be
There are some who still do,” with the girl next door. She and Stan said he knew Zach
gone. Josh, Zach and Jake are
said Richards, who served 28 Jake would sell lemonade and would get them up and
going to war. They are among
years in the Marine Corps and night crawlers out by the road. running, which he eventually
3,400 Indiana National Guard
worked as a drill instructor in Army media relations Maj. did. "It made them more fun to
soldiers who will be deploying
the early 1970s. Anne Edgecomb said having ride," Stan said.
to Iraq next month.
He said practices such as three brothers in one combat The boys gained a greater
As much as she worries
slapping recruits or putting theater together is at least appreciation for their dad five
about their safety, Tami
buckets over their heads and "uncommon." years ago, when he was nearly
Stoppenhagen draws some
banging on them with sticks Although in the same killed in a car accident.
comfort in knowing all three
are no longer allowed. brigade, the trio will not serve Another car ran a stop sign and
sons are going.
“We don't want to side by side. And that could smashed into his truck, leaving
"If they are together," she
mollycoddle them,” Richards challenge their mother's desire him with a broken neck and
said, "they will all check on
said. “We still should treat to see them look out for one other injuries.
each other, and they will look
them with a basic level of other. So the Stoppenhagens say
out for each other."
human dignity. We can do that Josh will be working at they recognize the frailty of
Jake, the youngest at 19,
without putting them in brigade headquarters, handling life, even far from a combat
clings to a verse from the
garbage cans or pushing them personnel issues and zone.
Bible, Matthew 17:20, in
into lockers.” monitoring, as best he can, his The boys say they think
which Jesus talks about how
Paxton, the retired brothers' whereabouts. Zach sometimes about what their
the power of faith can move
sergeant major from Santee, will be a medic with the parents might do if things go
mountains. He is counting on
fears that punishing drill brigade commander's security badly for the Stoppenhagens.
his faith to bring all three
instructors might dissuade team. Jake will be a medic with But never for too long. This is,
brothers home safely.
them from doing their jobs. an infantry unit, destination after all, a family that believes
"There is serious power in
“We're not proud to know unknown. resolutely in the war as a noble
prayer," he said. "It doesn't just
that we're court-martialing our The boys speak reverently cause.
make you feel good. But if you
own drill instructors, or that of their parents, who have been "We all volunteered.
want something to happen,
we're putting Marines in married 27 years. Nobody made us go. None of
God will help you if it is for
prison,” said Paxton, who left Tami, 46, grew up in Fort us are trying to get out of it,"
the right cause."
the Marine Corps in 1983 but Wayne. As a respiratory said Josh, the eldest. "I think
Josh, 24, and Zach, 23,
still works at the San Diego therapist at a local hospital, she this is what the Indiana
their parents say, seemed
depot. “It's going to cause our enforces a strict no-smoking National Guard is all about:
determined to compete in
drill instructors to back off.” rule in her house and the sacrificing for the greater
everything as they grew up,
But Paxton – like all the family. She dutifully shuttled good."
from who would be first to
sources interviewed for this the boys to various sporting Their mother is resolved to
shed their training wheels to
story – opposed pointless abuse events. accept what lies ahead. Even if
who would dominate the
of recruits. She has never seen Saving the Army offered one of her
backyard basketball court.
“For someone just to Private Ryan, the movie about boys an out, she knows none of
Zach joined the Guard
flat-out harm a recruit, with no the Army's attempt to retrieve a them would take it. "They
first, signing up four months
intention of making him a mother's last surviving son would say, 'Who would stay
after Sept. 11, 2001. Because
Marine, that's abuse, and that from the battlefield after her home?' " she said. "They all
he was only 17, and still a
won't be tolerated,” he said. other sons perished. And she want to be together. They all
junior in high school, his
has no plans to. Stan, 49, grew want to go. They want to do
parents had to sign a consent
up on a farm in nearby their duty, and all come home
at the same time." Departments said Wednesday. United States and Turkey. The incursion until the first of two
The question of whether United States, Iraq and Turkey waves of Turkish planes was
Turkish authorities gave their have an office in Ankara, the either crossing the Iraq border
Washington Post counterparts adequate warning Turkish capital, to share or already over it.
December 20, 2007 percolated after some intelligence. The Turkish military did
Pg. B5 American officials in “Let me put it this way,” not inform the American
26. Dead Soldier Is Washington and Baghdad said said a Pentagon spokesman, military as quickly as had been
Identified As N.C. the two countries needed to Geoff Morrell, using the agreed. That meant the U.S.
Woman improve communication, initials by which the Kurdistan had to rush to clear air space
Fort Belvoir--A soldier administration officials said. Workers Party is known. “We for the incursion, two defense
who was found dead at Fort While the United States had ample notification of the officials and a State
Belvoir on Monday was provided Turkey with the airstrikes by the Turkish Air Department official said on
identified yesterday as Carolyn intelligence to go after Kurdish Force over the weekend on condition of anonymity
Farrar-Johnson, 58, and rebels in northern Iraq, there P.K.K. positions in northern because of the issue's
authorities said she was from has been some mild grumbling Iraq. I can sit here today and sensitivity.
North Carolina. from the State Department that tell you emphatically there was While Defense
Authorities declined to say not everyone up the chain of indeed notification provided to Department spokesman Bryan
why they considered command was adequately us prior to the bombing — Whitman disputed there was
Farrar-Johnson's death informed beforehand. A senior bombings — that it was any problem, one Washington
suspicious. An autopsy administration official said communicated to us through an official said the top U.S.
performed yesterday was most of that concern centered apparatus that we have set up commander in Iraq, Gen.
inconclusive, FBI on Turkey’s decision to “chase in Ankara, the Ankara David Petraeus, was angered.
spokeswoman Debbie some bad guys they followed Coordination Center.” Another said American
Weierman said. over the border.” The United States diplomats complained to the
Fort Belvoir officials said Turkish troops carried out considers the P.K.K. a terrorist Turks about it.
Farrar-Johnson was an active a brief attack into northern Iraq organization. The group, which The Turks said that they
reserve sergeant with the 11th overnight Monday. The wants an autonomous Kurdish were chasing rebels and that
Battalion, 80th Regiment, Turkish military, in a statement region in eastern Turkey, has there was too little time for
Officer Education System, on its Web site, said the troops fought the Turkish military for more prompt notification, a
headquartered at Fort McCoy, had inflicted heavy losses on decades. senior State Department
Wis. She had been at Fort the Kurdish forces after Thom Shanker contributed official said.
Belvoir since January. spotting them trying to cross reporting. "There are supposed to be
Farrar-Johnson was found into Turkey. coordinating mechanisms for
in her residence, authorities The operation took place this kind of thing with us and
two days after Turkey carried Philadelphia Inquirer the Iraqis, and whatever
said. The address was not
out broad airstrikes in northern December 20, 2007 happens in the heat of the
released. Col. Brian W.
Lauritzen, post commander, Iraq against the group. The 28. U.S. And Turkey moment, they have to tell us in
said in a statement that "the United States provided Work To Cut Fallout a reasonable and timely
information we have regarding intelligence and opened Iraqi From Strike manner," the official said.
the death indicates there is no airspace for the strikes, By Pauline Jelinek, Associated Turkey's ambassador to
reason for residents or the American and Turkish officials Press Washington, Nabi Sensoy, told
workforce to feel any need for said. Iraqi officials have WASHINGTON-- U.S. reporters yesterday the strike
a heightened state of security protested the attacks. and Turkish military officials against the Kurdistan Workers'
or to have a perception of an The Turkish moves have worked yesterday to streamline Party, or PKK, was made
increased threat." placed the United States in a procedures for any future possible by intelligence given
--Tom Jackman delicate position between Turkish attacks against by the United States.
Turkey, a NATO ally, and an Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq Under an agreement
Iraqi government that has after top American officials in between the countries, Turkey
New York Times refused to act against the Baghdad expressed anger at is to analyze U.S. data, decide
December 20, 2007 Kurdish militants. how Sunday's Turkish air whether it will take military
Pg. 16 In trying to minimize the strikes unfolded. action, then notify the United
27. For Turkey And appearance of any rift, Americans have been States of its plan, one official
U.S., A Delicate Issue Of American military officers in giving Turkey intelligence to said.
Washington and overseas said go after the Kurdish rebels, and Sensoy said he was "not
Cooperation In the Turkish ground force sent aware of any direct complaint"
Combating Militant a coordination center has been
across the border numbered set up in Ankara so Turks, over the timing of Turkey's
Kurds only in the hundreds and Iraqis and Americans can share notification.
By Helene Cooper moved less than two miles into information, officials said. None of the officials gave
WASHINGTON — Iraqi territory. State Department and details of precisely what
Turkey provided the United The senior Bush Defense Department officials procedures had been agreed to.
States with ample warning that administration official said in Washington and Baghdad But one noted that the process
it was making an incursion into that, over all, American said top U.S. commanders in is complex because it involves
Iraq this week, officials from officials were satisfied with the Iraq did not know about the Turkey, Iraq, the U.S. and
the State and Defense coordination between the potentially neighboring
governments such as Iran's the long-delayed startup of the inept. the capital, Kabul, with 30
because some PKK camps are 1,000-megawatt light-water By Henry Chu, Los Angeles people killed aboard an army
near the Iranian border. reactor in 2008. Times Staff Writer bus.
For the United States, the Iran is hoping the KABUL, Karzai's spokesman,
issue cuts across two military shipment signals Russian AFGHANISTAN — On a cool Humayun Hamidzada,
commands - the European willingness to prevent the October evening, at the foot of acknowledged that public
Command, which takes in United Nations from imposing one of the mountains that ring opinion played an important
Turkey, and the Central new sanctions against it over this city, the crack of heavy role in the decision to end the
Command, which manages the Tehran's refusal to halt gunfire ripped through the moratorium.
war in Iraq. uranium enrichment, as sought twilight. When the "Implementing the law is
It was the American by Washington. Russia is one reverberations finally faded the duty of the government,"
military in Baghdad that ended of the five veto-wielding and all was still, 15 people lay Hamidzada said. "And
up notifying the Iraqi permanent members of the dead in a jumble of bloody secondly, public pressure -- the
government that Turkish U.N. Security Council. bodies. people wanted this.
planes were attacking rebel "With nuclear fuel shipped Thus did the Afghan "President Karzai himself
positions inside their country. to Bushehr, we are going to see government, after keeping its is against executions. He
Iraq's parliament on a new approach in deepening firing squad idle for 3 1/2 doesn't like executions. That's
Monday condemned the strategic relations with Russia years, revive capital why he took so long to make
bombing, calling it an in all fields in the future," punishment in this war-ravaged sure every case was
"outrageous" violation of Iraq's Mohammad Saeedi, deputy land. Officials say more investigated thoroughly."
sovereignty that killed innocent head of the Atomic Energy executions are to come. Karzai's personal
civilians. Iraqi Foreign Organization of Iran told the The resumption of the opposition to the death penalty
Minister Hoshyar Zebari said official IRNA news agency death penalty here has sparked places him in a minority
his government believed yesterday. concern among many of the among his countrymen. During
Turkey would coordinate with nations that provide the Taliban's harsh rule, public
it before striking rebels inside Afghanistan with military and executions were carried out in
Iraq. Boston Globe financial aid. Beyond moral stadiums before thousands of
Some reports said up to 50 December 20, 2007 qualms, critics and human spectators, and the
planes were involved Sunday, Austria rights activists are worried overwhelming majority of
which would make the strike 30. Syria Was Offered about the ultimate punishment Afghans still favor the death
the largest aerial attack in years Nuclear Technology being meted out by a justice penalty, and not just for
against the outlawed rebel VIENNA - Syria received system widely regarded as murderers.
separatist group. Sensoy said a letter purportedly written by corrupt and incompetent. "If the government
24 aircraft weer involved. the head of the same nuclear Some of those reservations executes thieves and
The Turkish army also black market that supplied Iran led President Hamid Karzai to kidnappers, that's a good
sent soldiers about 11/2 miles and Libya with technology but declare a moratorium on thing," said Faizuddin, a
into northern Iraq in an did not respond, the country's executions in 2004, after his 27-year-old Kabul resident
overnight operation on president said in comments government carried out the first who, like many Afghans, goes
Tuesday, Kurdish officials published yesterday. President death sentence in the country by only one name. "It serves as
said. Kurdish officials said the Bashar Assad's remarks to the since the fall of the Taliban an example to others."
Turkish troops left Iraq about Austrian daily "Die Presse" regime in 2001. In that case, a At the same time,
15 hours later. appeared to be the first time man was put to death even however, the justice system,
that a senior official linked the though his trial had been while improving, remains a
country to Abdul Qadeer Khan, criticized by the United shaky institution. Due process
Baltimore Sun a Pakistani who heads an Nations. and judicial impartiality are
December 20, 2007 international black market in Today, Karzai faces often phantoms in a country
29. Iran Hails Fuel nuclear technology. In the daunting new political realities. with a history of tribal and
From Russia As interview, Assad said that in His approval ratings have vigilante justice and of
Building Ties early 2001, someone brought tumbled amid a sharp upswing warlords who bend police,
By Associated Press him a letter from Khan. "We in insurgent attacks and violent courts and local officials to
TEHRAN, Iran--Iran had no interest in nuclear crimes such as kidnapping and their will.
called this week's delivery by weapons," Assad is quoted as robbery. Insecurity has climbed "Still we're receiving lots
Russia of fuel for its first saying. to the top of the list of of complaints about the judicial
nuclear reactor a step in --AP problems that Afghans say system -- about the
strengthening ties between the have beset their country. incompetence of judges, about
two countries and a sign of Implementing the death bribery and corruption in
Los Angeles Times penalty was an instantly various levels of courts," said
Moscow's confidence that
December 20, 2007 popular move, allowing Karzai Ahmad Fahim Hakim, deputy
Iran's nuclear program is
peaceful. 31. Afghan Death to look tough on public safety chairman of the Afghanistan
The shipment of the Penalty Raises Concerns and shore up support for his Independent Human Rights
nuclear fuel, which arrived Some donor nations are government. Observers note Commission. "It would be
Monday at Iran's Bushehr troubled by the revival of that the mass execution Oct. 7 difficult to think that there are
power plant paved the way for executions, especially in a land came barely a week after one opportunities for everyone to
whose justice system is seen as of the worst suicide attacks in go through a fair and free
trial." not confirm or deny details, help clean up the worst oil spill
Besides trial and saying some accounts in South Korean history.
sentencing, the executions circulating about the execution Japan Times Forty-five soldiers boarded
themselves can be botched. were exaggerated. He December 20, 2007 a bus at Yongsan Garrison
Sixteen prisoners were on acknowledged that "not all 32. Leak Irks Pentagon early Wednesday for the
the list for the Oct. 7 execution, procedures were followed... . WASHINGTON three-hour trip to Baeknipo
a mix of criminals and Taliban The government is not happy." (Kyodo)--A senior U.S. Beach, in Taean Coastline
militants whom Karzai Neither were inmates in Defense Department official National Park, where they
determined to have committed Kabul's Pul-i-Charki prison, expressed dissatisfaction donned protective gear and
the most heinous deeds and to who staged a brief hunger Tuesday over the Self-Defense used old clothing to scrub oil
have had a fair trial. But strike to protest the botched Forces' improper handling of off rocks.
moments before the execution, execution. classified information. Thousands of South
a murderer named Timor Shah, Also alarmed are foreign Referring to the reported Korean workers have been
possibly the most infamous of governments, many of which, leak by a Maritime laboring on the coast since a
the lot, managed to escape. as members of the North Self-Defense Force officer of barge came free from its
How he did so is still Atlantic Treaty Organization, secret data about the U.S. tugboats in rough waters and
unclear. But three guards have troops deployed in Aegis defense system, James smashed into a Hong Kong
reportedly were arrested on Afghanistan. Shinn said Japan and the supertanker seven miles from
suspicion of helping him. Britain and the United States "had problems shore on Dec. 7, spilling
According to a source with Netherlands, among the with the proper handling of 10,500 tons of oil.
knowledge of what happened countries with the largest classified information in Japan Lt. Col. Brodrick Bailey,
that evening, Shah somehow military contingents here, and are working together to 8th Army spokesman, said the
was able to jump over a low condemned the executions and prevent this in the future." military community has been
wall and run off, shouting, called for the abolition of the Shinn is currently clamoring to lend a hand.
"God is great!" while everyone death penalty -- one of the top principal deputy assistant “We’ve been getting a
else was lined up to be shot. human rights priorities secretary and has been couple cold calls a day with
The source asked not to be worldwide of the European nominated for assistant people asking how they can
identified for fear of official Union. The Canadian secretary of defense for Asia help,” Bailey said.
reprisal. government also sought and Pacific security affairs. Before boarding their bus,
Shah's escape was just one assurances from Kabul that A 34-year-old MSDF soldiers received a briefing
of several things to go wrong, none of the 15 people executed lieutenant commander was about area safety hazards,
said the source, whose account were prisoners caught by arrested last week for allegedly including overexposure to oil,
follows. (The account has since Canadian soldiers. copying highly classified the possibility for “slips, trips
been corroborated in many Foreign forces routinely information on the U.S. Aegis and falls” and the dangers of
respects by an interview given turn over militants they have defense system from a overheating.
to the Times of London by a captured to Afghan authorities. computer system task force in They were warned not to
senior prosecutor who was But the revival of capital violation of an agreement with allow the oil to touch their
present at the execution.) punishment could complicate the United States. skin, not to overexert
First, it took several hours the process if troops from Turning to a more general themselves and to observe
for police in charge of the countries that outlaw the evaluation of Japan, Shinn said proper lifting techniques.
execution to find somewhere to practice fear prisoners would the nation has been "slow in Bailey said about 200
carry it out; the Ministry of be in danger of execution. expanding the role and soldier volunteers will travel to
Defense refused to allow use of The international criticism missions" of the SDF. the beach over six days.
a site by an army camp. has been met in Afghanistan "Japan is wrestling with a Transportation and
With daylight quickly with a shrug. fundamental re-evaluation of protective gear were provided
draining from the sky, the "They can't tell us not to how to use its very capable by members of the Good
police brought the condemned carry out executions," said Self-Defense Forces in Neighbor Program, Bailey
men to the base of a mountain Hussein Alemi Balkhi, a international security said.
on Kabul's outskirts and lined member of parliament. "Our missions," he said. "The Lt. Col. Thomas Whitaker,
them up. Procedure dictates law allows executions, and if overall trend has been forward, who coordinated the event,
that each prisoner be allowed we don't carry them out, that but slow." said joining the effort was a
to make a final ablution and will encourage other people to good way for soldiers to
prayer, and that the prisoners commit wrongdoing." contribute to their host nation.
be shot one at a time, with a Officials assert that violent Pacific Stars and Stripes He said many South Koreans
bullet to the chest. crime already has dropped December 21, 2007 give to the soldiers through the
But none of that happened. since the October executions. 33. GIs Pitch In To Help Good Neighbor Program.
After Shah broke from the But data are difficult to come Clean Up Oil “We are always looking
crowd and fled, others tried to by. By Jimmy Norris, Stars and for ways to give back,” he said.
escape as well. Panicked, the Karzai is considering Stripes Soldiers participating in
firing squad unleashed a hail of which death row inmates will TAEAN, South Korea — the event said they were glad
bullets. Some of the dead were make up the next batch of A group of 8th U.S. Army for the opportunity.
disfigured and unidentifiable. prisoners to be executed. The soldiers traded their uniforms “I’m in the infantry, so I
Hamidzada, the "priority" list is believed to for oil-resistant coveralls and don’t mind getting dirty,” said
presidential spokesman, would have dozens of names. rubber boots Wednesday to Staff Sgt. Shawn Wilson, who
volunteered to spend a day Two of the detainees, build a friendship. the committee might involve
away from the spit-and-polish Adbenour Samuer, an In an interview with Time complex negotiations over
routine of the United Nations Algerian, and Omar Deghayes, magazine, which named him legal immunity at a time when
Command Honor Guard. a Libyan, both originally its "Person of the Year," Putin the Justice Department and the
“I get to hang out with seized on the said Washington had adopted a intelligence agency were
Korean kids and clean rocks,” Afghanistan-Pakistan border, strategy of belittling Russia to reviewing whether the
Wilson said. “We don’t have to were taken to a high-security try to influence the country's destruction of the tapes broke
be blowing stuff up to have jail in London. The third domestic and foreign policy. any laws.
fun.” detainee, Jamil el-Banna, a The interview was posted on The agreement marked at
The soldiers’ eagerness Palestinian seized in the Kremlin's website, least a partial resolution of a
impressed Korean volunteers at Afghanistan, was held in kremlin.ru. standoff between the Bush
the beach. Luton. administration and Congress.
“I’m really thankful that A government statement The standoff began on
the Americans came out to said the men’s return did not Washington Times Friday, when the Justice
help,” said Lee Hae-choon, a mean that they could remain in December 20, 2007 Department urged the House
volunteer from Asan. “Not Britain. Pg. 12 panel to postpone any inquiry
even all the Koreans are A BBC report quoted 38. 100 Foreign Spies on the grounds it might hinder
helping, so the U.S. soldiers British officials as saying that Exposed This Year the review by Justice and the
coming is really incredible.” Spain planned to seek the MOSCOW — Russia's spy C.I.A.’s inspector general. The
extradition of two of the men chief said yesterday that his committee’s Democratic
in connection with terrorist service has thwarted the work chairman, Representative
Atlanta Journal-Constitution attacks there. of nearly 100 foreign agents in Silvestre Reyes of Texas, and
December 20, 2007 the past year and that former its top Republican,
34. 'Bulldozer' Elected Soviet Baltic nations have Representative Peter Hoekstra
In South Korea USA Today increased their espionage of Michigan, responded by
A former Hyundai CEO December 20, 2007 activity, Russian news agencies refusing to put off the
known as "The Bulldozer" for Pg. 10 reported yesterday. investigation, saying there
his determination to get things 36. Five Convicted In The comments by Nikolai were many precedents for
done rolled over all opposition France Of Terrorism Patrushev, who heads the Congressional inquiries to
and financial fraud allegations Links Federal Security Service, the proceed in parallel with
to win South Korea's A court in Paris convicted main successor agency to the criminal investigations.
presidency, ending a decade of five French nationals of KGB, reflect an increasingly This week, the
liberal rule. Lee Myung-bak, criminal association with a assertive — and public — administration has sought a
66, earned the landslide victory terrorist enterprise for using presence of Russia's compromise. “The Department
on a wave of discontent with phony identity papers and visas intelligence and security of Justice has changed their
incumbent President Roh to "integrate into terrorist agencies, both at home and minds, and today we have
Moo-hyun, whom many structures" in Afghanistan, abroad. reason to believe that we will
believe bungled the economy. prosecutor Sonya be getting the documents,” Mr.
Djemni-Wagner said. The men Reyes told reporters on
were captured after the New York Times Wednesday.
New York Times U.S.-led invasion in 2001. December 20, 2007 In a conciliatory statement
December 20, 2007 They were sentenced to one Pg. 6 Wednesday night, Brian
Pg. 17 year in prison but will remain 39. C.I.A. To Cooperate Roehrkasse, a Justice
35. Britain Detains 3 free because they spent at least With House On Tapes Department spokesman, said
Men Freed By U.S. two years at the U.S. military By Scott Shane the department has “no desire
By New York Times prison at Guantanamo Bay, WASHINGTON — The to block any Congressional
LONDON — Three Cuba, and up to 17 months in Central Intelligence Agency investigation” and has not
former British residents who French prisons. A sixth has agreed to make documents advised the C.I.A. against
were held for more than four defendant was acquitted. related to the destruction of cooperating with the
years in the Guantánamo Bay interrogation videotapes committee.
detention center arrived available to the House “The wisdom, propriety
Wednesday at Luton, outside Los Angeles Times Intelligence Committee and to and appropriateness of the
London, aboard a jet chartered December 20, 2007 allow the agency’s top lawyer, decision to destroy these tapes
by the government and were Russia John A. Rizzo, to testify about are worthy and compelling
turned over to the police. 37. Putin Criticizes U.S. the matter, Congressional and subjects of an oversight
The transfer followed Dominance intelligence officials said investigation,” Mr. Roehrkasse
lengthy negotiations between Russian President Wednesday. said. But he said officials were
the United States and Britain, Vladimir V. Putin accused the But it remained unclear still concerned that a
which sought their release on United States of trying to whether Jose A. Rodriguez, Congressional inquiry could
the grounds that all three had undermine his country to who as chief of the agency’s cause “disruption of our initial
British residence status when further its global dominance clandestine service ordered the witness interviews, the delay
they were seized because they and said Washington had tapes destroyed in 2005, would and disruption of our document
were suspected of having links ignored Moscow's attempts to testify. Officials said Mr. collection, and the tainting of
to Al Qaeda. Rodriguez’s appearance before any future criminal
prosecutorial action because of four high-level White House Judge Filip, now on the vary widely depending on
Congressional grants of lawyers: Alberto R. Gonzales, federal bench in Chicago, told where they live, an exclusive
immunity to witnesses.” who served as White House lawmakers he might have McClatchy news analysis has
The committee sent counsel until early 2005; David counseled the C.I.A. not to found.
unsigned subpoenas for S. Addington, who was the destroy the tapes. As a result, many of the
documents and for the counsel to Vice President Dick “It might be the better recent veterans who are getting
testimony of Mr. Rodriguez Cheney and is now his chief of practice to keep those in any monthly payments for
and Mr. Rizzo to the agency on staff; John B. Bellinger III, event, given the interest in the post-traumatic stress disorder
Tuesday, and Mr. Reyes said who until January 2005 was subject matter that was on the from the Department of
he was prepared to sign the the senior lawyer at the tapes,” Mr. Filip told the Veterans Affairs could lose
subpoenas if it became National Security Council; and Senate Judiciary Committee. tens or even hundreds of
necessary. Harriet E. Miers, who Reporting was contributed thousands of dollars in benefits
A C.I.A. spokesman, Mark succeeded Mr. Gonzales as by Steven Lee Myers, Philip over their lifetimes.
Mansfield, said the agency’s White House counsel. Shenon, David Johnston and The Bush administration
director, Gen. Michael V. In a statement on Mark Mazzetti. has sought to reassure soldiers
Hayden, was eager to Wednesday, the White House that they will be treated fairly,
accommodate the committee as press secretary, Dana M. but veterans in some parts of
it performed its oversight role. Perino, criticized a subheading Atlanta Journal-Constitution the country are far more likely
“We’re in touch with the on the Times article that said, December 20, 2007 to be well compensated than
House Intelligence Committee “White House role was wider 40. Got A Query For their compatriots elsewhere
on these matters, and we look than it said,” noting that the Al-Qaida? Send It In are, the analysis found.
forward to it being worked White House has “not publicly Al-Qaida has invited McClatchy's analysis is
out,” he said. commented on the issue,” journalists to send questions to based on three million
An intelligence official, except to note the president’s its No. 2 figure, Ayman disability compensation claims
offering more details on “immediate reaction upon al-Zawahri, in the first such records obtained under the
condition of anonymity, said being briefed on the matter.” offer by the increasingly Freedom of Information Act,
the top-secret documents She called any suggestion that media-savvy terror network to as well as separate documents
would be made available either might be taken from the "interview" one of its leaders that the VA provided. The
on Capitol Hill or at the subheading to indicate that since the Sept. 11 attacks. The analysis is the first to examine
agency, as soon as the logistics there was an effort by the advertisement, issued by the the issue of state-to-state
could be worked out, as early White House to mislead the group's media arm, Al-Sahab, variations in compensation for
as Thursday afternoon. public on the videotapes issue on an Islamic militant Web those young veterans who have
The official also said Mr. “pernicious and troubling.” site, invites "individuals, left the military since the war
Rizzo, the agency’s acting Citing the Justice agencies and all media" to in Afghanistan began in 2001.
general counsel, would be Department’s preliminary submit written questions for For veterans, their families
prepared to testify at a hearing investigation, Ms. Perino said al-Zawahri by sending them to and their advocates, the issue
tentatively scheduled for Jan. White House officials had been the Web forums where of disability compensation is
16. As the agency’s top lawyer asked not to discuss the Al-Sahab traditionally posts its hugely important. Disability
for most of the last six years, videotapes and declined to say messages. It said it would take checks are now worth up to
Mr. Rizzo played a central role who on President Bush’s staff questions until Jan. 16. It did $2,527 a month for a single
in discussions of whether the was aware of the tapes. “We not say whether his answers veteran with no children.
tapes should be destroyed. have not described, neither to would come in writing, video Because they last a lifetime,
The official declined to highlight nor to minimize, the or audiotape. low payments set now -- when
say whether Mr. Rodriguez role or deliberations of White veterans are young -- have a
would testify, and Mr. House officials in this matter,” dramatic impact.
Rodriguez’s lawyer, Robert S. she said. Miami Herald Prevalent ailment
Bennett, declined to comment. The New York Times said December 20, 2007 So far, more than 43,000
Current and former it would publish a correction McClatchy Analysis recent veterans are on the
intelligence officials have said on Thursday, and noted that the 41. Vets' Mental disability compensation rolls
that the tapes of harsh White House “had not Disability Pay Varies for a variety of mental
interrogation of two Al Qaeda challenged the content of our Greatly conditions including
operatives in 2002 were made story,” the newspaper’s Disability payments vary post-traumatic stress disorder,
in part to document the spokeswoman, Catherine J. greatly from state to state for or PTSD, depression and
methods being used for the Mathis, said in a statement. new veterans with mental anxiety. Of those, more than
first time by C.I.A. officers. At a confirmation hearing illness, a McClatchy analysis 31,000 have PTSD, which has
But, they said, officials soon for President Bush’s nominee found. emerged as one of the
decided that taping sessions for deputy attorney general on By Chris Adams signature injuries from the war
was a bad idea and could Wednesday, lawmakers voiced Veterans coming home on terrorism.
endanger interrogators if they frustration about being denied from the wars in Iraq and The VA's assessments of
were ever leaked. details of the videotapes’ Afghanistan with debilitating those injuries, however, are all
The New York Times destruction and urged the mental ailments are over the map.
reported on Wednesday that nominee, Mark Filip, to discovering that their disability Of the recent veterans
discussions about the proposal cooperate with Congressional payments from the government processed by the VA office in
to destroy the tapes involved inquiries. Albuquerque, N.M., 56 percent
have high ratings for PTSD. Of placed on a scale that gives the next morning, bleeding and former KBR worker who says
those handled by the office in them scores -- or ''ratings'' -- of bruised. She said a KBR she was gang raped while
Fort Harrison, Mont., only 18 zero, 10, 30, 50, 70 or 100. representative kept her in a working in Iraq told a House
percent do, the McClatchy McClatchy's analysis shipping container for a day so panel Wednesday that an Army
analysis found. found that some regional she wouldn't report the assault. doctor who examined her after
The analysis found that a offices are far more likely to “This problem goes way the alleged assault turned the
recent veteran with PTSD on give veterans scores of 50 or beyond just me,” Jones told the physical evidence over to KBR
the rolls in Albuquerque is 70 while others are far more House Judiciary subcommittee security personnel.
likely to have a higher payment likely to stick with scores of 10 on crime, terrorism and And at some point, some
than a new veteran with PTSD or 30. homeland security. of the medical evidence
on the rolls in the Montana Because payments are Poe said three women – apparently went missing.
office. loaded toward the highest end including Tracy Barker, who Jamie Leigh Jones, 23,
''There's no reason in the of the scale -- the difference submitted written testimony of formerly of Conroe, was calm
world that a veteran from Ohio between the highest rating and her account and was at the and controlled as she told a
should be shortchanged on the next highest rating is more hearing – had contacted him. House Judiciary Subcommittee
benefits simply because he is than $1,000 a month -- the The Associated Press does on Crime, Terrorism and
from Ohio,'' said U.S. Rep. huge gap in ratings has a not usually identify people who Homeland Security how her
Zack Space, a Democrat from significant impact on how say they were sexually life changed in July 2005.
Ohio, where veterans had much the VA is paying, on assaulted, but Jones and others Four days after arriving at
among the lowest average, to veterans in different named here have made their Camp Hope in Baghdad's
compensation rates in the states. identities public. "Green Zone" to work for the
nation. ``And there's no reason Factoring in all mental and Ten others reported their Pentagon's largest military
a veteran from New Mexico physical disabilities, the stories through a foundation contractor, Jones accepted a
should be getting more benefits average payment for recent that Jones began to help drink from a group of company
simply because he lives in New veterans ranges from a high of women with similar firefighters.
Mexico.'' $734 a month in the Little experiences. "I believed that we were
A VA benefits official, Rock, Ark., office to a low of In her statement, Barker all on the same team," she said.
Michael Walcoff, said the VA $435 a month in Honolulu. In said she was sexually assaulted She awoke the next day,
was working to minimize Florida, the average is $518. by a co-worker while working bruised and bleeding between
unwarranted variations across in Basra, Iraq, in 2005. That her legs. She was taken to an
the country. Judging a followed retaliation for Army support hospital and
condition such as PTSD, San Diego Union-Tribune reporting sexual harassment in examined. The physician,
however, can be difficult. December 20, 2007 2004, she said. Jones said, told her it was
So far, 1.5 million 42. Woman Tells Panel Poe said a third woman apparent she had been raped.
Americans have served in the Her Rape In Iraq Not was molested several times and The doctor took
global war on terrorism, and Isolated raped by a KBR co-worker. photographs and prepared
half of them have left active Others working for KBR come After the alleged rape, her what's known as a "rape kit,"
service and moved to veteran forward attacker was allowed to work containing forensic evidence,
status, VA documents show. By Associated Press alongside her. Military officers and handed the materials over
Those discharged veterans WASHINGTON – A escorted him off the base when to KBR security personnel,
alone already have produced woman who said she was raped she complained, and she was Jones told the panel.
more than 180,000 disability by a fellow employee while fired. KBR spokeswoman
cases, in which veterans are working for a U.S. contractor KBR said it was not Heather Browne, in an e-mail
found to have mental or in Iraq told House lawmakers invited to testify at the hearing. Wednesday, said a company
physical ailments linked to yesterday that her case is far Asked to comment yesterday, security coordinator "was
their military service. Most from unique. the Houston-based company given the sexual assault
already are receiving monthly A Texas congressman reiterated a statement it has examination kit by the Army
compensation checks. agreed, saying several other made since Jones' allegations hospital upon Ms. Jones'
Severity ratings women have come forward became public last week: “The release from the hospital.
Because it tends to be with reports of sexual safety and security of all "The kit was transported
quite debilitating -- and harassment and assault while employees remains KBR's top with Ms. Jones back to Camp
generates far higher payments employed in Iraq for priority. Our commitment in Hope and was placed in a safe
-- PTSD is the most important Halliburton's former this regard is unwavering.” in the KBR security
disability to emerge from the subsidiary, KBR. department's office," Browne
recent wars. The VA workers The women have given said. "The kit was released by
who decide PTSD cases Houston Chronicle KBR Security to State
lawyers and Rep. Ted Poe,
determine whether a veteran's December 20, 2007 Department investigators when
R-Texas, accounts similar to
ability to function at work is the allegations of Jamie Leigh 43. KBR Hearing the investigators arrived three
limited a little, a lot or Jones of Conroe, Texas, who Centers On Handling Of hours after the kit was
somewhere in between. They says she was raped in July Rape Kit received. KBR Security
examine the frequency of panic 2005 by a co-worker who By David Ivanovich, Houston secured a signed
attacks and the level of drugged her. She said she Chronicle property/evidence receipt from
memory loss. The process is awoke groggy and confused WASHINGTON — A the State Department."
subjective, and veterans are Jones said she spoke
earlier this year with a special efforts to prosecute the case. bombings, and attacks on U.S. after carrying out attacks in the
agent of the State Department "It makes an awful steep, forces and the Iraqi Army and Holy City of Najaf, which was
Diplomatic Security — the uphill battle to get a police are down by an order of widely reported on TV
State Department's law conviction," said Scott Horton, magnitude. Al Qaeda in Iraq throughout the Arab world. In
enforcement arm — who was a professor at Columbia Law (AQI) has been tactically addition, Coalition special
unaware of the rape kit's School. defeated in the streets of forces are effectively targeting
existence. Why the Army hospital Baghdad and in the Sunni both Shiite terrorists and al
Eventually, the agent would have turned over the stronghold of Anbar Province. Qaeda leaders with
found the kit, but the evidence to a civilian Roadside-bomb and rocket intelligence-driven raids.
photographs and doctor's notes contractor was not immediately attacks (which can be deadly to Finally, the Iraqi Army is
were missing, Jones said. clear. our troops even when they are now coming online with
KBR officials say they Army spokesman Paul riding in armored vehicles) disciplined and courageous
have no knowledge of any Boyce could not comment on from Shiite militias are down units. They are successfully
materials that have gone that, but said that normally, markedly. Border crossings by confronting the thugs and
missing. KBR declined to such materials "would be kept suicide jihadists from Syria extremists who dominate the
address other specifics from within the government." have plummeted. The streets of Iraq. The police,
Jones' testimony, citing After her medical exam, intelligence picture has shifted previously a disaster, have
ongoing litigation. Jones said, she was locked up from night to day as Iraqis by been forcibly retrained, better
The Chronicle reported and denied access to food or a the thousands come forward to equipped, and most of their
last week that KBR President telephone. Finally, a identify AQI and criminal senior leaders replaced.
and Chairman Bill Utt told sympathetic guard shared his Shiite extremists in their Although corruption,
employees in an e-mail that the cell phone and she called her communities. incompetence and inadequate
company disputes Jones' father in Texas. He got in However, we must decide equipment are prevalent, in
allegations. touch with Poe, who contacted if this inflection point is real. Is many neighborhoods Iraqi
Rep. Ted Poe, R-Humble, the State Department. it sustainable as we begin our Security Forces now control
a former state district judge in Jones said she since has inexorable drawdown and the streets.
Houston, said the doctor been diagnosed with post disengagement from the Brilliant leadership by
should have turned the rape kit traumatic stress disorder. theater? Gen. David Petraeus and U.S.
over to law enforcement — not Since Jones went public There are several profound Ambassador Ryan Crocker ,
KBR. with her story, 11 women have changes taking place in Iraq. and a new counterinsurgency
The State Department come forward alleging sexual The Sunnis who dominated the strategy combined with the
Diplomatic Security has since harassment while working for country in the Baathist era uncommon valor and creativity
turned over its evidence to the KBR in Iraq, said Jones' have come to realize that al of U.S. combat forces, have
Justice Department, State lawyer, Todd Kelly. Qaeda was terrorizing their turned the situation around for
Department spokeswoman own community with a now. In the coming months we
Leslie Phillips said. malignant and extremist form will withdraw all five "surge
The Justice Department, in Wall Street Journal of Islam. The Sunnis also woke brigades" and learn if the Iraqis
a letter sent to the House panel December 20, 2007 up to the fact that the can hold it together. The jury is
late Tuesday, acknowledged it Pg. 16 Americans would eventually out because of a weak and
was conducting an 44. Let's Seize The leave -- and they would be sectarian central government
investigation into Jones' Momentum In Iraq soon out in the cold with little run by Prime Minister Nouri
allegations but declined to send By Barry R. McCaffrey participation in an Iraqi Army al-Maliki, a clumsy Iraqi
a representative to appear at I recently spent a week or police dominated by Shiites constitution, and continuing
today's hearing. touring Iraq, meeting with and Kurds. centrifugal forces from a
"In light of the American servicemen and The "tribal awakening" bitterly divided and fearful
department's concerns about women and interacting with began a separate kind of surge , nation.
potentially compromising our Iraqis. What I saw convinced this one to put Sunnis into the We need to press our
ongoing investigation, the me that the war has changed in police and the Army. In advantage while it exists. The
department did not believe it both tone and substance since addition, the Coalition Forces key to winning the war is to
was appropriate to testify," the president surged 30,000 created armed "concerned local massively build Iraqi Security
spokesman Peter Carr said in troops into the country earlier citizen" groups that number Forces with the equipment,
an e-mail. this year. some 60,000 to guard training and leadership needed
Whether all of the A year ago, sectarian neighborhoods. These groups to maintain internal order and
evidence was eventually brutality and violence were out feed enormous amounts of security as we withdraw.
recovered remains unclear. of control. Every month real-time intelligence into the Without security for the
But more than two years approximately 1,000 American counterterrorism forces and population there will never be
after the alleged assault, servicemen and women were provide security. reconciliation in Iraq. In
investigators are left with either killed or wounded as The Shiite militia forces of addition, we must recognize
evidence that, as Poe sees it, they fought to staunch a bloody Moqtada al-Sadr have also that economic recovery is a
was "tampered with after it left civil war that to date has killed been maneuvered into a prerequisite to success.
the doctor's hands." 60,000 Iraqi civilians. ceasefire that is making peace Congress must support
Questions about the chain But now the facts on the possible in the major cities. programs to rebuild the
of custody of the evidence ground are entirely different. This is a fate Mr. Sadr and his electrical, oil, transportation
could seriously complicate any Sectarian killings, suicide truck gunmen brought on themselves and agricultural systems. Our
new diplomatic outreach to provided Turkey with the Kurdish separatism in Turkey. Kurdish refugees from the
Syria, Iran, Turkey and Saudi coordinates for the air strikes. The Kirkuk issue plays mountains of Turkey after the
Arabia must continue "We know Iraqi air space into these fears. Many Turks 1991 Gulf War.
unabated. is under U.S. control," Barzani believe the Kurds want to "The ticking bomb [of
We are running out of said bluntly on Monday in his regain control of Kirkuk (a Kirkuk] still ticks," De Mistura
time. The American people well-guarded presidential once-Kurdish city forcibly told me in Erbil, "but we have
have lost faith in this war. office, when I asked him whom Arabized by Saddam Hussein) put a new engine into the
Some 34,000 of our sons and he blamed. Standing stiffly, in to use the city's oil wealth to acceleration of the process,
daughters have been killed or his signature red and white finance statehood. Kurdish called the United Nations,
wounded as we've poured $400 checked Kurdish turban and government leaders' strong which has the expertise and
billion into the mess. Secretary olive-drab fatigues, he added: denials don't convince them. can provide legitimacy to the
of Defense Robert Gates has "If there wasn't a [U.S.] green Meantime, the failure to hold a process." In this process, says
begun to heal fissures in the light, the Turks could not have referendum by the end of 2007 De Mistura, "Turkey has to be
national security process. He is carried out the attack." Barzani to resolve the status of Kirkuk - an important part."
creating transparency with the then turned down an invitation as called for by Article 140 of Indeed, the makings of
media, offering respect to to lunch with Condoleezza the Iraqi constitution - has Turkish-Kurdish
Congress, giving initiative to Rice during her quick visit to turned the city into a new rapprochement can already be
his field combat forces, and Iraq. center of sectarian violence. seen in Erbil. The dusty,
leveling with the international So what's going on in So why do I see a new low-slung provincial capital is
community and the American Kurdistan, the most peaceful, chance for Kurdish-Turkish booming with construction,
people. booming region in Iraq? Is rapprochement? which is almost all done by
It will probably be two there a danger of a war in the Reason one: Now that the Turkish firms using Turkish
years before we know whether north between two U.S. allies? Turkish military has made its workers. Trade with and
this will work. But there is now Is America betraying the military point, Prime Minister transport from Turkey is
a sense of momentum and Kurds? Recep Tayyip Erdogan may be Kurdistan's lifeline.
advantage among our soldiers The answer to both better positioned to push for a But despite positive signs,
and our Iraqi allies on the questions is no (for now). diplomatic solution. the border dispute with Turkey
streets of Iraq. And that counts Despite the tragic deaths, new "The Turks did what they could still explode. Having
for a lot. possibilities have arisen in wanted to do, and we don't defused Turkish charges that
Gen. McCaffrey, a recent days that could help need any more tensions," I was we're soft on the PKK, the
professor of international defuse Kurdish-Turkish told by the prime minister of United States must now
security studies at West Point, tensions and peacefully resolve the Kurdish regional persuade the Turkish military
led the 24th Mechanized Kurdish claims to the government, Nechirvan that the issue can't be resolved
Infantry Division in the 1991 contested, and oil-rich, city of Barzani. He hopes "after this by force.
Gulf War. Kirkuk. But for either to there could be the beginning of "Turkey and the Kurds are
happen, the United States will dialogue with the Turks." both allies of the United
have to act more strategically The Turkish government States," says prime minister
Philadelphia Inquirer as a mediator than it did in the may be interested. The day Nechirvan Barzani. "This issue
December 20, 2007 case of the Turkish bombs. before the air strikes, Emre should be a top [U.S.] priority
45. Turkish Leaders The air attack had as much Taner, chief of Turkey's for a solution. Don't open
And Iraqi Kurds Need to do with internal Turkish national intelligence another front" in the north, he
To Mend Fences For politics as it did with Turkish organization, visited Erbil on pleads, "just as the security
Stability claims that the Kurdish behalf of Erdogan and Turkish situation is getting better in
By Trudy Rubin, Inquirer regional government wasn't President Abdullah Gul. His Iraq."
Columnist doing enough to root out the message to top Kurdish
ERBIL, Iraq - The PKK. The issue has become leaders: The Turkish
caught up in tensions between government wants good Los Angeles Times
president of Iraq's Kurdish December 20, 2007
region, Massoud Barzani, a moderate Islamist Turkish relations with the the Kurdish
government that seeks better regional government, and it 46. The Walls Around
leader of the legendary Barzani
clan, was angry - at Turkey and relations with the Iraqi Kurds, also wants the question of Bush's Iraq Strategy
at the United States. and a secular Turkish military Kirkuk to be solved Barriers built to reduce
On Saturday, Turkey that feels it is losing ground constitutionally. violence have turned sectarian
bombed Iraqi Kurdish villages, and is looking for an issue to Reason two: There is new segregation into the status quo.
killing two civilians and help it recoup. hope for progress on Kirkuk. By Rosa Brooks
sending hundreds fleeing; 300 In recent months, the All parties have agreed to let 'Something there is that
Turkish soldiers later made a Turkish military has massed the United Nations Mission for doesn't love a wall," wrote the
raid across the Iraqi border. tens of thousands of troops on Iraq devise a way to implement poet Robert Frost. But lately,
The attacks were meant to the Iraq border. The invasion Article 140 within six months. that "something" hasn't been
target Turkish Kurdish threat seems to have passed. Stefan De Mistura, the the U.S. military. From
separatists from the PKK But the Turkish military impressive U.N. special Baghdad to Tall Afar, our
terrorist movement, who are suspects leaders of the Kurdish representative to Iraq, has won military has been busily
based in Iraq's northern regional government of Kurds' trust; he helped constructing walls between and
mountains. The United States harboring a desire for organize the return home of around Iraqi neighborhoods. In
independence that would fuel more than one million Iraqi Baghdad, 12-foot-high walls
now separate Sunni and Shiite the side. to grade-school teachers as it is terrorists or criminals. Such a
communities. Broken by Over the last year, to counterinsurgency experts. crime could have grave
narrow checkpoints, the walls sectarian cleansing has often But it has always had a darker national security implications
turn Baghdad into dozens of occurred with reluctant side. Historically, the same for the United States or any of
replica Green Zones, dividing American connivance. Our impulse brought us Indian the dozens of countries where
neighbor from neighbor and troops have watched helplessly reservations and nuclear materials are held in
choking off normal commerce as neighbors have driven out apartheid-driven Bantustans. It various states of security.
and communications. neighbors, and the walls that gave us the Berlin Wall. At its Shortly after midnight on
The military isn't building U.S. troops build help freeze most paranoid and extreme, it Nov. 8, four armed men broke
walls as a training exercise, of the new sectarian boundaries in led to the Warsaw Ghetto and into the Pelindaba nuclear
course. The walls are meant to place. In Washington, the concentration camps. facility 18 miles west of
make it harder for militias, administration still speaks of a "Good fences make good Pretoria, a site where hundreds
insurgents and death squads to unified Iraqi central neighbors," insists Robert of kilograms of weapons-grade
coordinate and reach their government and "national Frost's smug neighbor in uranium are stored. According
intended victims. With enough reconciliation," but in practice, "Mending Walls," a poem in to the South African Nuclear
troops and enough concrete, we've gained a respite from which two men rebuild the Energy Corp., the state-owned
the theory goes, you can keep violence in part because we've broken stone wall that marks entity that runs the Pelindaba
the bad guys from operating given up on reconciliation and their rural property line. And facility, these four "technically
effectively and gradually accepted sectarian segregation maybe that's right. Frost wrote sophisticated criminals"
reduce the sectarian violence as the new status quo. "Mending Wall" in 1915, as deactivated several layers of
that has been tearing Iraq apart. In other words, for all the nationalism and ethnic rivalries security, including a
So far, it looks as if the early rhetoric about tore Europe apart. But 10,000-volt electrical fence,
wall-building strategy is benchmarks, "political meditating on the wall-building suggesting insider knowledge
paying dividends. Civilian progress" and reconciliation, impulse, Frost also imagined, of the system. Though their
deaths in Iraq are down the truth is that most superimposed on his stolid images were captured on
significantly. And though 2007 Washington insiders accept New England neighbor, a closed-circuit television, they
has been the deadliest year of that we're heading toward a darker image: were not detected by security
the war for U.S. troops, attacks different and much grimmer I see him there, officers because nobody was
on them have dropped sharply version of Iraq. As Joost Bringing a stone grasped monitoring the cameras at the
in recent months. After so Hiltermann of the International firmly by the top time.
many years of escalating Crisis Group comments: "Iraq In each hand, like an So, undetected, the four
violence, it's almost eerie. is moving in the direction of a old-stone savage armed. men spent 45 minutes inside
How do Iraqis feel about failed state, with competing He moves in darkness as it one of South Africa's most
the walls springing up around centers of power run by seems to me, heavily guarded "national key
their neighborhoods? Mixed, warlords and militias. The Not of woods only and the points" -- defined by the
unsurprisingly: relieved by the central government has no shade of trees. government as "any place or
lull in violence but dismayed political control whatsoever He will not go behind his area that is so important that its
by the cost. "Iraq is a prison, beyond Baghdad, maybe not father's saying, loss, damage, disruption or
and now I live in my own little even beyond the Green Zone." And he likes having immobilization may prejudice
prison," one Iraqi told the We used to say we wanted thought of it so well the Republic."
Christian Science Monitor. freedom and democracy. But He says again, "Good Eventually, the attackers
"We are not free; our these days, we'll settle for more fences make good neighbors." broke into the emergency
neighborhood is barricaded," warlords, more segregation and Iraq today also still moves control center in the middle of
complained another. fewer bodies. in darkness. We should be glad the facility, stole a computer
It's against this backdrop Don't get me wrong -- of the lull in violence, but if (which was ultimately left
that we should evaluate the given our tragic early blunders stability in Iraq depends on behind) and breached an
success of the Bush in Iraq, and the diminishing miles of concrete walls and an electronically sealed control
administration's troop "surge" likelihood that the Bush indefinite U.S. occupation, room. After a brief struggle,
in Iraq. Yes, violence is down. administration will launch a that's not "victory." It's defeat. they shot Anton Gerber, an
Some of that is because of the diplomatic surge to match the off-duty emergency services
surge itself: More troops -- and military surge, it may be that officer. Gerber later explained
smarter counterinsurgency what we're getting is, in fact, Washington Post that he was hanging around
tactics -- have indeed translated the best that we or the Iraqis December 20, 2007 because he believed
into a reduction in violence. can hope for: a divided state in Pg. 29 (reasonably, in retrospect) that
But violence also is down which squabbling groups are 47. A Nuclear Site Is his fiancÂ¿e -- a site
because the process of kept physically apart until, Breached supervisor -- was not safe at
"sectarian cleansing" is nearing someday, they can manage to South African Attack Should work. Although badly injured,
completion: Sunnis have been simply coexist. Sectarian Sound Alarms Gerber triggered the alarm,
driven out of Shiite segregation isn't ideal, but it By Micah Zenko setting off sirens and lights and
neighborhoods, Shiites out of beats genocide. An underreported attack alerting police stationed a few
Sunni neighborhoods, the The wall-building impulse on a South African nuclear miles away.
Kurds have retaken their own -- the impulse to separate facility last month Nevertheless, the four
historic territories and smaller groups that don't get along -- is demonstrates the high risk of escaped, leaving the facility the
minorities have been shoved to a time-honored one, as familiar theft of nuclear materials by same way they broke in.
Amazingly, at the same making a nuclear weapon exist be a rush from the examine in detail all the
time those four men entered in more than 40 countries, in appeasement crowd to move intelligence gathered that
Pelindaba from its eastern facilities with differing levels forthright to see how we can formed the basis for the NIE’s
perimeter, a separate group of of security. Unfortunately, establish normal relations with conclusions. The commission
intruders failed in an attempt to there are still no binding global Iran. Let’s not forget Iran is an also must examine, in a
break in from the west. The standards on how to secure acknowledged state-sponsor of comprehensive but
timing suggests a coordinated nuclear weapons and terrorism that has declared war time-constrained review, how
attack against a facility that weapons-grade nuclear against the United States not the DNI’s Red Team
contains an estimated 25 material. In the absence of once but several times over the challenged the conclusions of
bombs' worth of sustained political leadership last 28 years with no the NIE and what the Red
weapons-grade nuclear from the world's nuclear meaningful retaliatory response Team’s findings were.
material. On Nov. 16, local powers to develop, agree to from us. The fact that Iran has
police arrested three suspects, and implement effective Iran’s corrupt regime, by accelerated its work on
ranging in age from 17 to 28, nuclear security standards, previously fomenting regional uranium enrichment with more
in connection with this armed attacks such as the one instability, has displayed an than 3,000 centrifuges at its
incident. at Pelindaba could become unwillingness to play a Natanz site is a key factor in its
In response to the commonplace. constructive role except on its drive to attain a nuclear
successful attack, the South Micah Zenko is a research own terms. The regime’s goal weapon capability that cannot
African Nuclear Energy Corp. associate in the project on is hegemony over its neighbors be ignored. They are
suspended six Pelindaba Managing the Atom at Harvard with the United States driven continuing work on a range of
security personnel, including University's Belfer Center for from the region. This is technical capabilities that could
the general manager of Science and International unacceptable. have dual use for producing
security, and promised an Affairs. The views expressed The damage caused by the nuclear weapons.
"internal investigation which here are solely those of the inept release of the NIE must With Iran’s track record
will cover culpability, author. be addressed promptly. In my over the last 28 years for
negligence and improvements view, the authors of the NIE supporting terrorist operations
of Security Systems." It should have been very cleverly throughout the Middle East
be noted that Pelindaba's Washington Times subjected to “perception plus its current support of the
security was considered to December 20, 2007 management” by the Iranians. insurgency in Iraq, we cannot
have been upgraded after a Pg. 15 They have used perception afford to be wrong on Iran’s
break-in there two years ago 48. Vetting The Iran management in a very clever nuclear weapons program.
(one individual was detained NIE way to shift the focus of the James Lyons, U.S. Navy
shortly after breaching the By James Lyons main issue from uranium retired admiral, was
security fence). The recently released enrichment to nuclear weapons commander in chief of the U.S.
It is still unclear why the National Intelligence Estimate warheads. Certainly, the Pacific Fleet, senior U.S.
two groups of intruders sought (NIE) on Iran’s nuclear statement by the former Iranian military representative to the
to break into this particular weapon program not only left President Hashimi Rafsanjani United Nations, and deputy
facility. More important, many questions unanswered to a group of visiting American chief of naval operations,
however, is that had the armed but left our friends and allies experts in 2005 that Iran had where he was principal adviser
attackers succeeded in caught offbase and confused. I halted its nuclear weapons on all Joint Chiefs of Staff
penetrating the site's highly am sure they wonder how they research program in 2003 was matters.
enriched uranium storage vault, are to support efforts for more a key factor in the perception
where the weapons-grade stringent sanctions against management ruse.
nuclear material is believed to Iran’s enrichment program. The NIE fails to address
be held, they could have Let’s not forget that Iran’s what state the nuclear weapon
carried away the ingredients drive to achieve the enrichment warhead had achieved in 2003.
for the world's first terrorist of uranium is the key element Nor does it address whether it
nuclear bomb. in its efforts to attain a nuclear has been restarted. It is stressed
As this incident shows, weapons program. However, that the “new evidence”
nuclear terrorism is a global the NIE has had the reverse supporting the conclusion Iran
issue, extending far beyond the effect. Russia has now halted its nuclear weapons
familiar policy talking points announced it intends to development program was
of U.S. cooperation with complete construction of the subjected to “Red Team”
Russia over its nuclear nuclear power plant. And with analysis. This is supposed to
stockpiles, the security of China moving rapidly to somehow raise our comfort
Pakistan's nuclear arsenal in expand its commercial and level. We need to ask, “Who
the face of threats from Islamic military relations programs were the members of the DNI
extremists, and concerns that if with Iran, any hope of stiffer Red Team?” If they came
Iran acquires nuclear sanctions coming out of the within the DNI (Office of the
capabilities it could provide a United Nations Security Director of National
bomb to sympathetic terrorist Council has been scuttled by Intelligence) structure, their
organizations. our own ineptness. credibility is suspect.
Indeed, the essential Compounding the A commission needs to be
ingredients required for problem, there most likely will formed immediately to