Carbon Footprint

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					  What is a Carbon Footprint?
Why you must manage it and how.

              John Buckley
           Managing Director
          Carbon Footprint Ltd

Carbon Footprint Ltd
•Help businesses
    •Save costs
    •Win more work
    •Reduce their environmental
•Providing a full carbon            •We have provided solutions to a
management solutions                variety of business sectors,
•We sit on EIC and BSI committees   ranging from small start up
•ISO14001 accredited                companies to large blue chips.
•Government Approved Offsets

 >100,000 visitors per month
What is Climate Change?

• Global warming is the name given by
  scientists for the gradual increase in
  temperature of the Earth's surface that
  has worsened since the industrial

• Global warming causes climate change,
  resulting in freak weather conditions
  across the planet.

Historical Evidence

What are the effects?
• 11 of the last 12 years rank amongst the 12 warmest years on record
  for global temperatures (since 1850)

• 2006 was the warmest year in UK since records began

  Effects of the temperature increase:

  1.   Sea level rise
  2.   Ice Melting
  3.   Precipitation Changes
  4.   Ecosystem Changes
  5.   Extreme Events
  6.   Climate-related economic losses

  Increased costs to prevent and/or repair damage after climate-related natural
           disasters will have huge financial implications on our economy
We are facing a climate crisis…

We all need to manage our
carbon emissions…
1. Firstly to reduce your impact on climate change

2. Secondly reduce the impact on our businesses:
   • Upcoming legislation e.g.
           – Climate Change Act
           – Carbon Reduction Commitment
   • Increasing costs
   • Customers and investors are becoming greener
   • Sales sustainability – tender requirements
   • “Stern” economic impact if we do nothing
   • European Cap and Trade System

UK Legislation
The Climate Change Act

• The Climate Change Act received Royal Assent on 26 November 2008.

•The first country to legislate a legally binding reduction target of 80% on net 1990
green house gas emission levels by 2050 and by at least 26% by 2020.

It includes:
      •5-yearly budget periods.

     •Committee on climate change.

     •Powers for Implementation of new
     emission trading schemes.

     •Regular reporting.
The Carbon Reduction Commitment
What is it?
•A UK mandatory cap and trade scheme
•Proposed to cut carbon emissions by 1.2m tonnes of carbon per year by 2020

Who will it impact?
•Large non-energy intensive private and public sector organisations
•Organisations with half hourly meter readings of over 6000 MWh a year

When does it start?
•Qualification year is Jan-Dec 2008 electricity use only
•3 year introductory period starts in April 2010

What will be the cost?
•   Purchase emission credits at £12 per tonne
•   2010/11 will require double emissions purchase covering 2010/11 and
    forecast 2011/12– budget at least £75,000

What is a Carbon Footprint?

• A carbon footprint is a measure of the impact our
  activities have on the environment in terms of the
  amount of green house gases produced, measured in
  units of carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e).

Primary Carbon Footprint

• The primary footprint covers the carbon emissions which your
  company has direct responsibility for / has control over.

         Protocol                     Origin of Emission
                     •Electricity, heat or steam generated on site
                     •Natural gas, gas oil, LPG or coal use attributable to
         Scope 1
                     company owned facilities
                     •Company owned vehicle travel
                     •Production of any of the 6 GHG's
         Scope 2     •Purchased electricity, heat or steam

         Scope 3     •Employee business travel

Secondary Carbon Footprint
•The secondary footprint covers the carbon emissions
which your company is indirectly responsible for / has
little control over.
         Protocol                      Origin of Emission
                     •Employee commuting
         Scope 3     •Transportation of products, materials or waste by
                     another organisation
                     •Outsourced activities
                     •GHG emissions from waste
                     •GHG emissions from the use and end of life phases of
                     products and services.
                     •GHG emissions arising from the production and
                     distribution of energy products, other than electricity,
                     steam and heat, consumed by the organisation.
                     •GHG Emissions from the production of purchased
                     raw or primary materials.
What’s included within a Business
Carbon Footprint Appraisal?
• A company’s primary carbon footprint is the impact that the
  business is directly responsible for & can realistically control

 Based on:
 • Energy Usage (electricity, gas, gas oil etc)
 • Business Transportation (company cars, grey
   fleet, business trips by car/rail/air)
 • Company Logistics (if under the direct control of
   the company)

 Companies can choose to calculate elements of their secondary
 footprint as an addition.

Calculating it...

 • Use our free on-line business
   carbon footprint calculator
    – Suitable for small businesses

 • We have environmental
   consultants to help you out

Results of a Carbon Footprint
• A figure for your company’s                               Company X
                                              Carbon Emissions January - December 2008
total annual carbon emissions –
X tonnes of CO2                                        0.28%   0.0001

                                                        6%                               Electricity

• Forms a baseline emission                    10%                                       Flights
                                      11%                                                Car journeys
level for comparisons to be set                                                          LPG
                                        11%                                 62%
against in future years                                                                  Natural Gas
                                                                                         Van Journeys
                                                                                         Rail journeys

• A breakdown of the company’s

  Carbon Footprint reports always include added information, recommending reduction
   opportunities (an onsite survey can be arranged) and providing an offset quotation
                            (for already produced emissions).

Making use of the knowledge

 A carbon footprint assessment should be the first step
   in a carbon management programme

     Next steps:
       •   Gaining top level sign up and support
       •   Form a working group
       •   Produce a company Environmental Policy
       •   Formulate an Action Plan and implement
       •   Coordinate an EMS / auditing process
       •   Gaining accreditation

Reduction Ideas
Behavioural reductions can save 20% of company
emissions with little to no investment costs.
Suppliers and Contractors:                Travel:
• Request green credentials               • Company car scheme – low
• Recycled goods                           emission vehicles
• Minimise packaging                      • Public transport
• Local suppliers                         • Car sharing scheme
                                          • Invest in video conferencing
                                          • Green driving techniques

Electricity and Gas:                      Waste & Resource Management:
• Turn off policy – lights and            • Water savers on bathroom
 equipment, motion/natural light           installations
 sensors, low energy bulbs                • Paperless office policy
• Hibernate pc’s when at meetings         • Reuse where possible
• Opt for laptops or slim clients         • Recycling collection in
 instead of desktops                       office/onsite
• Boiler controls / Air Con controls
Office / Building Solutions
Retrofit equipment:
    • Insulation
    • Low energy lighting
        - CFL
        - LEDs
    • PIR / Motion sensors
    • Heating and air-conditioning control systems
    • Boiler optimisers
    • Water low flow taps
    • Monitoring equipment
    • IT solutions
        - Software – energy saving
        - Consolidate servers

What is Carbon Offsetting?
Carbon Offsets compensate for the emissions we produce by funding an
equivalent carbon dioxide saving somewhere else.

  We encourage companies to reduce their emissions first and
           only offset the unavoidable emissions
Carbon Offsetting – continued..
The offset market is split into two broad categories:

• The compliance market
         • Demonstrates compliance to the Kyoto Protocol through the EU Emission
           Trading Scheme
         • Trades Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)

• The voluntary market
         • Not part of the Kyoto Protocol or the EU ETS
         • Trades Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs)

  DEFRA’s Quality Assurance Scheme for Carbon Offsetting

Our current offset projects

  Clean Energy Fund                  Reforestation in Kenya

  Tree planting in the UK         Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)

Telling the world!
 • Consumer awareness of green issues is increasing
 • A positive business credential to promote
 • Going ‘Carbon Neutral’ – zero emissions (cannot be
 achieved through reductions alone)

                                 You've checked the price and
                                 count, now here's the carbon
                                · Supermarket giant to introduce emission labels
                                · Tesco promises 'green consumption revolution'

             Avoid using ‘Green wash’
The Key Points…

 Carbon Management is no longer a choice, but a
          necessity – helping you to:

    •   Meet legislative requirements
    •   Reduce energy costs and save money
    •   Support CSR objectives
    •   Promote a green company image to environmentally
        aware customers and investors.

   …It’s now time to measure your Carbon Footprint!

         Any Questions?

            John Buckley
Managing Director, Carbon Footprint Ltd

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