What is a Carbon Footprint?
Why you must manage it and how.
Carbon Footprint Ltd
Carbon Footprint Ltd
•Win more work
•Reduce their environmental
•Providing a full carbon •We have provided solutions to a
management solutions variety of business sectors,
•We sit on EIC and BSI committees ranging from small start up
•ISO14001 accredited companies to large blue chips.
•Government Approved Offsets
>100,000 visitors per month
What is Climate Change?
• Global warming is the name given by
scientists for the gradual increase in
temperature of the Earth's surface that
has worsened since the industrial
• Global warming causes climate change,
resulting in freak weather conditions
across the planet.
What are the effects?
• 11 of the last 12 years rank amongst the 12 warmest years on record
for global temperatures (since 1850)
• 2006 was the warmest year in UK since records began
Effects of the temperature increase:
1. Sea level rise
2. Ice Melting
3. Precipitation Changes
4. Ecosystem Changes
5. Extreme Events
6. Climate-related economic losses
Increased costs to prevent and/or repair damage after climate-related natural
disasters will have huge financial implications on our economy
We are facing a climate crisis…
We all need to manage our
1. Firstly to reduce your impact on climate change
2. Secondly reduce the impact on our businesses:
• Upcoming legislation e.g.
– Climate Change Act
– Carbon Reduction Commitment
• Increasing costs
• Customers and investors are becoming greener
• Sales sustainability – tender requirements
• “Stern” economic impact if we do nothing
• European Cap and Trade System
The Climate Change Act
• The Climate Change Act received Royal Assent on 26 November 2008.
•The first country to legislate a legally binding reduction target of 80% on net 1990
green house gas emission levels by 2050 and by at least 26% by 2020.
•5-yearly budget periods.
•Committee on climate change.
•Powers for Implementation of new
emission trading schemes.
The Carbon Reduction Commitment
What is it?
•A UK mandatory cap and trade scheme
•Proposed to cut carbon emissions by 1.2m tonnes of carbon per year by 2020
Who will it impact?
•Large non-energy intensive private and public sector organisations
•Organisations with half hourly meter readings of over 6000 MWh a year
When does it start?
•Qualification year is Jan-Dec 2008 electricity use only
•3 year introductory period starts in April 2010
What will be the cost?
• Purchase emission credits at £12 per tonne
• 2010/11 will require double emissions purchase covering 2010/11 and
forecast 2011/12– budget at least £75,000
What is a Carbon Footprint?
• A carbon footprint is a measure of the impact our
activities have on the environment in terms of the
amount of green house gases produced, measured in
units of carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e).
Primary Carbon Footprint
• The primary footprint covers the carbon emissions which your
company has direct responsibility for / has control over.
Protocol Origin of Emission
•Electricity, heat or steam generated on site
•Natural gas, gas oil, LPG or coal use attributable to
company owned facilities
•Company owned vehicle travel
•Production of any of the 6 GHG's
Scope 2 •Purchased electricity, heat or steam
Scope 3 •Employee business travel
Secondary Carbon Footprint
•The secondary footprint covers the carbon emissions
which your company is indirectly responsible for / has
little control over.
Protocol Origin of Emission
Scope 3 •Transportation of products, materials or waste by
•GHG emissions from waste
•GHG emissions from the use and end of life phases of
products and services.
•GHG emissions arising from the production and
distribution of energy products, other than electricity,
steam and heat, consumed by the organisation.
•GHG Emissions from the production of purchased
raw or primary materials.
What’s included within a Business
Carbon Footprint Appraisal?
• A company’s primary carbon footprint is the impact that the
business is directly responsible for & can realistically control
• Energy Usage (electricity, gas, gas oil etc)
• Business Transportation (company cars, grey
fleet, business trips by car/rail/air)
• Company Logistics (if under the direct control of
Companies can choose to calculate elements of their secondary
footprint as an addition.
• Use our free on-line business
carbon footprint calculator
– Suitable for small businesses
• We have environmental
consultants to help you out
Results of a Carbon Footprint
• A figure for your company’s Company X
Carbon Emissions January - December 2008
total annual carbon emissions –
X tonnes of CO2 0.28% 0.0001
• Forms a baseline emission 10% Flights
11% Car journeys
level for comparisons to be set LPG
against in future years Natural Gas
• A breakdown of the company’s
Carbon Footprint reports always include added information, recommending reduction
opportunities (an onsite survey can be arranged) and providing an offset quotation
(for already produced emissions).
Making use of the knowledge
A carbon footprint assessment should be the first step
in a carbon management programme
• Gaining top level sign up and support
• Form a working group
• Produce a company Environmental Policy
• Formulate an Action Plan and implement
• Coordinate an EMS / auditing process
• Gaining accreditation
Behavioural reductions can save 20% of company
emissions with little to no investment costs.
Suppliers and Contractors: Travel:
• Request green credentials • Company car scheme – low
• Recycled goods emission vehicles
• Minimise packaging • Public transport
• Local suppliers • Car sharing scheme
• Invest in video conferencing
• Green driving techniques
Electricity and Gas: Waste & Resource Management:
• Turn off policy – lights and • Water savers on bathroom
equipment, motion/natural light installations
sensors, low energy bulbs • Paperless office policy
• Hibernate pc’s when at meetings • Reuse where possible
• Opt for laptops or slim clients • Recycling collection in
instead of desktops office/onsite
• Boiler controls / Air Con controls
Office / Building Solutions
• Low energy lighting
• PIR / Motion sensors
• Heating and air-conditioning control systems
• Boiler optimisers
• Water low flow taps
• Monitoring equipment
• IT solutions
- Software – energy saving
- Consolidate servers
What is Carbon Offsetting?
Carbon Offsets compensate for the emissions we produce by funding an
equivalent carbon dioxide saving somewhere else.
We encourage companies to reduce their emissions first and
only offset the unavoidable emissions
Carbon Offsetting – continued..
The offset market is split into two broad categories:
• The compliance market
• Demonstrates compliance to the Kyoto Protocol through the EU Emission
• Trades Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)
• The voluntary market
• Not part of the Kyoto Protocol or the EU ETS
• Trades Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs)
DEFRA’s Quality Assurance Scheme for Carbon Offsetting
Our current offset projects
Clean Energy Fund Reforestation in Kenya
Tree planting in the UK Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)
Telling the world!
• Consumer awareness of green issues is increasing
• A positive business credential to promote
• Going ‘Carbon Neutral’ – zero emissions (cannot be
achieved through reductions alone)
You've checked the price and
count, now here's the carbon
· Supermarket giant to introduce emission labels
· Tesco promises 'green consumption revolution'
Avoid using ‘Green wash’
The Key Points…
Carbon Management is no longer a choice, but a
necessity – helping you to:
• Meet legislative requirements
• Reduce energy costs and save money
• Support CSR objectives
• Promote a green company image to environmentally
aware customers and investors.
…It’s now time to measure your Carbon Footprint!
Managing Director, Carbon Footprint Ltd