2012 Summer Olympic Games London England questionnaire response english

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2012 Summer Olympic Games London England questionnaire response english Powered By Docstoc
					Response to the questionnaire for cities applying to become Candidate cities to host the Games of the XXX Olympiad and the Paralympic Games in 2012

Page Theme I: MOTIVATION, CONCEPT & PUBLIC OPINION 1. Introduction 2. Concept 3. Public opinion POLITICAL SUPPORT 4. Government support 5. Future Candidature Committee 6. Legal aspects FINANCE 7. Candidature budget 8. Games budget 9. OCOG revenue generation potential 1 2 3

Theme II:

4 5 6

Theme III:

7 8 9

Theme IV: VENUES 10. Competition venues 11. Competition venue locations 12. Olympic Village and Media Centre Theme V: ACCOMMODATION 13. Hotels 14. Media accommodation TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE 15. Transport overview 16. Air transportation 17. Transport infrastructure 18. Transportation challenges 19. Transport: distances / journey times

10 11 12

13 14

Theme VI:

15 16 17 18 19

Theme VII: GENERAL CONDITIONS, LOGISTICS & EXPERIENCE 20. Dates of the Olympic Games 21. Population 22. Meteorology 23. Environment 24. Experience 25. Security Appendices: CHARTS AND MAPS

20 21 22 23 24 25


1. Motivation Introduction
“Our goal is to deliver a modern Games in a Our principal motivation for hosting the Olympic Games and the impact and legacy world-class city that embraces and fosters on our city of hosting the Games the ideals of the The Olympic Games and Paralympic Games in 2012 would enhance sport in London and Olympic movement.”

the United Kingdom forever. Our people, especially our youth, will benefit from muchneeded facilities. Our next generation of athletes will be better equipped to develop into future Olympians, reinforcing and strengthening the Olympic Movement in this country. Wide-ranging sport programmes will encourage greater participation. The nation will be healthier, happier and more active. Throughout our country there is an appreciation that the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games are a power for good. For London 2012, that power for good will be the most powerful catalyst imaginable for the regeneration of one of our most underdeveloped areas. It will accelerate the most extensive transformation seen in London for more than a century. Tens of thousands of lives will be improved by new jobs and sustainable new housing, new sports venues and other facilities; all set in one of the biggest city centre parks created in Europe for 200 years. There will be a real and long-lasting legacy. There is no greater honour for a city than hosting the Olympic Games – and we are passionate to receive it. The UK has a proud sporting heritage, a love of all the Olympic sports and is the birthplace of a number of modern sports as well as the Paralympics. Our bid, the UK’s fourth application in 20 years, to earn the privilege of hosting the Games was conceived and developed by the British Olympic Association (BOA) and the sporting community. It is backed wholeheartedly by the Government and the Mayor of London and has overwhelming public support. London 2012 fully embraces the ideals and traditions of the Olympic Movement. We will guard and respect them. We relish the opportunity to apply them in a unique and forwardthinking way to help create a better world through sport played fairly and in a spirit of friendship. Our goal is to help refresh and re-invigorate those principles for generations to come. We look forward to having the honour of working in partnership with the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to deliver a modern Games in a world-class, vibrant city.

Barbara Cassani and Keith Mills Chairman and Chief Executive, London 2012



2. Concept
Our vision of the Olympic Games in London and how this vision fits into our City’s long-term planning strategy
London would stage the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games in keeping with the forward-looking agenda of the IOC and for the benefit of the athletes. The Olympic celebration will draw together the entire city to acclaim athletes’ achievements and reinforce London as a beacon for the youth of the world. London’s vision is for an Olympic Games that progresses the IOC agenda of a more efficient and compact Games. It is embodied in the location of the central Olympic Park and in the selection of individual venues. Everyone in the bid team is committed to delivering an even better future for the Olympic Movement. We are eager for the chance to take this leap forward. We will deliver efficiency by staging one of the most compact Games ever seen, located in the heart of the city. The Olympic Stadium, the aquatic centre, the velodrome and other temporary venues, along with the athletes’ village and the media facilities will be located in the Olympic Park. Every athlete will be able to stay in the Village, within 15 minutes of more than half of the sports venues. Central London will be just seven minutes away via train. Also at the forefront of the Games will be our most loved historic landmarks and parks and existing world-class sports facilities. Such celebrated locations as Hyde Park and state-ofthe-art venues such as the new Wembley Stadium will inspire competitors to achieve personal bests. Working with the IOC, the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) and the International Federations, London will showcase athletic endeavour at its finest. London’s energy will ensure an Olympic Games and Paralympic Games to rival the best. Our devotion to sport will guarantee full stadia, while our enthusiasm at live sports events will guarantee a passionate and friendly atmosphere. Our multi-cultural and multi-faceted arts and entertainment will add a unique and world-class backdrop to the Olympic festival. Our parks and open spaces will offer the chance to take the celebration to the public. Athlete celebrations and entertainment will be held every evening in Hyde Park to spread the Olympic festival magic. We will open our arms to welcome the world. And everything, from the Opening to the Closing Ceremony and all in-between, will be underpinned by the UK’s reliable and professional reputation – especially our internationally-acclaimed security expertise – in staging such world-class events. The Olympic Park will sit at the centre of 600 hectares of reclaimed land, featuring a revitalised network of waterways serving new communities and businesses that will be the start of regeneration stretching out through East London and beyond. The legacy of London 2012 will be enormous and tangible across all areas, from sport and venues through to infrastructure and environment. A London Olympic Games will deliver the highest quality sporting event, but one with economic and environmental sustainability at its core. We will deliver excellence without extravagance.

Please refer to the map of our concept (Map A) in the Appendices



3. Public opinion
General public opinion in our City/Region/Country towards hosting the Games
London’s bid to host the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games enjoys the overwhelming support of the public, both in the city itself and in the United Kingdom as a whole. The bid has been the subject of an extensive consultation process since it was first suggested in 1997. The general public, businesses of all sizes and local councils have been among the many groups canvassed. In December 2002 an independent nationwide opinion poll, carried out by ICM, confirmed the strength of public support across all age groups and through every region of the UK. Of the 3,200 asked “Do you think a bid should be made for London to host the 2012 Olympic Games?”: • 81 per cent said that they thought London should bid; • 82 per cent in London itself supported the bid; and • support was as strong across the entire country, with Northern Ireland (87 per cent) and Scotland (84 per cent) the most supportive. Nowhere did the support fall below 75 per cent. Business is also behind the bid, with 81 per cent of 300 businesses polled by London Chamber of Commerce in January 2003 in favour of seeing the Games in London in 2012. Leaders of the business community in London have also written to the Prime Minister in support of the bid. In addition, hundreds of individual businesses, ranging from small, family-owned firms to multi-national corporations, have voiced their support. Other groups which have backed the bid range from grassroots community organisations and trades unions to all of the Premier League football clubs and many other leading sporting bodies. It is understood throughout the UK that, after three unsuccessful bids from Birmingham and Manchester, the London 2012 bid represents the Olympic hopes of the entire country.

Opposition to the project
There is no organised public opposition to hosting the Games in London.



4. Government support
National, regional, local government and city support for the bid
The UK Government announced on 15 May 2003 its wholehearted support for London’s bid to host the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. Prime Minster Tony Blair said: “The Government is delighted to give its full support to the London bid for 2012. Winning the Games would be good news for London and for all of the UK.” The Government and the Mayor of London, Ken Livingstone, have agreed on the funding of the 2012 Games and a Memorandum of Understanding between the two has been published. In a letter to the IOC Mr Livingstone also re-iterated his backing for the bid, and that of the public: “The decision to bid has created an enthusiasm in London amongst all sections of society and across all ages.” The independently elected 25-member London Assembly confirmed in November 2003 it “strongly and fully” backed the bid. The Association of London Government, which represents the 33 councils in the city, described the bid as “a golden opportunity not just for London but for the rest of the UK too.” Support is unanimous among the major parties at both national and city level. The governing Labour Party said: “The whole Government has backed this bid... (and) everyone, from the Prime Minister down, will be working hard to make it happen.” The opposition Conservative Party said: “We strongly believe that a London Olympic Games will bring incalculable benefits to this country in terms of investment, tourism, regeneration and, most of all, British sport.” Jack McConnell, Scotland’s First Minister, is creating a group combining government, athletes, sporting bodies and industry to offer support to the London 2012 bid and ensure that Scotland fully participates in the bid. The Conservative candidate in the 2004 London Mayoral elections, Stephen Norris, said: “The Olympics will be a showcase for London that will advertise everything that is good about the capital to a massive global audience.” Liberal Democrat candidate Simon Hughes said: “The Government’s announcement is the correct choice and will rightly be popular across London and throughout the land.”
“With over 300 languages spoken in our schools, every competing nation in the 2012 Games would come to London and find a group of supporters here as fervent as the fans at home.” Ken Livingstone Mayor of London “Bringing the Games to London would be good for the capital, good for the whole country and would provide the Olympic Movement with an outstanding and memorable Games. I am proud to support London’s bid and to give it the Government’s full backing.” Rt Hon Tony Blair MP Prime Minister

Government covenant and City and NOC guarantees
The UK Government is delighted to provide a covenant, as requested by the IOC, for London’s bid to host the Olympic Games. In giving this guarantee the Government has also confirmed its ultimate responsibility for ensuring the safety and security of the Games and that this is of the highest priority. Letters of guarantee from the BOA and the Mayor of London are also provided with this Questionnaire Response.

Dates of any elections due in our City/Region/Country before election of the Host City (July 2005)
A national general election must be held before June 2006, with the Prime Minister deciding the precise date. Elections for the Mayor of London and the London Assembly, as well as for Members of the European Parliament in London, will occur on 10 June 2004.



5. Future Candidature Committee
Structure and composition of Candidature Committee
London 2012 has brought together leading figures from the UK’s business community, politicians, sports administrators and, of course, Olympians. Chairman Barbara Cassani oversees a Board that includes directors with administrative, athletic, commercial and managerial experience and excellence. Britain’s IOC members – with the exception, by request, of Phil Craven, President of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) – sit on the Board, as does the Chairman of the British Paralympic Association (BPA) and the Chairman of the 2002 Commonwealth Games. The three key stakeholders of London 2012, the BOA, the Government* and the Mayor of London**, each have two representatives on the Board.

London 2012 Board and Management Structure
Board of Directors
Barbara Cassani (Chairman) Keith Mills (CEO) Mike Power (COO) Lord Coe (Vice Chairman) Charles Allen (Vice Chairman) Alan Pascoe (Vice Chairman) Craig Reedie, Chairman BOA (IOC) HRH Princess Royal, President BOA (IOC) Matthew Pinsent, BOA (IOC) Mike Brace, Chairman BPA Simon Clegg, CEO BOA Derek Anderson* Patrick Carter* Neale Coleman** Mary Reilly** Dalton Grant Sir Steve Redgrave, Vice President BOA Lord Paul Sir Howard Bernstein

London 2012 Board

Chairman Barbara Cassani

Vice Chairmen Lord Coe Alan Pascoe Charles Allen

Chief Executive Keith Mills

Chief Operating Officer Mike Power

Director Marketing David Magliano

Director Communications Mike Lee

Director International Relations Andrew Craig
Bid Strategy IOC Relations Market Research Bid Team Coordination

Sport Project Management Venues/Village Transport Security Technology Environment Finance/HR Legal

Sales/Sponsors/Merchandising Advertising/Promotions Website/Interactive Events Membership Programmes

Media Relations Community Relations Government Relations Media/Broadcast Facilities



6. Legal aspects
Legal obstacles to the organisation of the Olympic Games
There are no legal obstacles to the organisation of the Olympic Games and the Paralympic Games in the UK.

New laws to facilitate the organisation of the Olympic Games
UK legislation is capable of delivering the effective and efficient staging of the Games in London. Legislation is passing through Parliament to enable the National Lottery to raise revenues after July 2005 for staging the Games. Further legislation will be introduced if it is proved necessary.

Legislation requiring a referendum
There is no requirement to hold a referendum in order to host the Olympic Games and the Paralympic Games in the UK.

Existing laws that relate to sport
Individual sporting federations regulate their own sports in the UK. Their rules are not prescribed by Government, although legislation is in place to govern, for example, sports’ funding, safety at sports’ grounds, commercial sports’ rights and other matters indirectly associated with sport. The UK protects the legitimate rights and interests of the IOC by the Olympic Symbol etc. (Protection) Act 1995. This law grants exclusive powers to the BOA for the exploitation of the Olympic symbol, the Olympic motto and the words “Olympic(s)”, “Olympian(s)” and “Olympiad(s)”.

UK laws that combat doping in sport
The UK was one of the first countries to implement a world-class anti-doping programme and is at the forefront of the international sporting community’s fight against doping in sport. The current UK programme is overseen by UK Sport, a Government agency set up in 1996, responsible for funding UK’s elite athletes. In 2002 UK Sport produced the UK’s Statement of Anti-Doping Policy which has been adopted by all Olympic, Paralympic and publicly-funded athletes, their governing bodies and the UK’s sports councils. The UK has an IOC-accredited laboratory and each year UK Sport conducts more than 6,000 tests in more than 40 sports. UK Sport also runs a comprehensive and up-to-date education and information programme for athletes about the importance of drug-free sport. The UK, through its Sports Minister, also took the lead in formulating the Council of Europe’s AntiDoping Convention of 1989 and complies with its requirements and articles.

World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) agreement and application of an anti-doping code
In March 2003 the UK Government signed the Copenhagen Declaration recognising the World Anti-Doping Code. The BOA and the BPA have each signed up to the Code and UK Sport is now working with sports bodies to agree a revised policy to comply with the Code prior to the Athens Olympic Games. UK Sport’s current Statement of Anti-Doping Policy is in line with the International Standard for Doping Control which requires governing sports bodies to carry out a robust in- and out- of competition dope testing programme. The UK has met all its annual payment contributions to the WADA. The UK is also well represented on the international anti-doping governing bodies.



7. Candidature budget
Funding of the Application and Candidature phases (in USD)
The UK Government and the Mayor of London have agreed to provide the principal financing for London’s bid and have committed up to $34m between them. In addition London 2012 anticipates raising a minimum of $14m from the private sector in either cash or value-in-kind, of which $5m has already been raised. The bid budget anticipates total expenditure of $48m ($19m for the Application phase and $29m for the Candidature phase) over the period until July 2005.

(An exchange rate of GBP 1 = USD 1.70 has been assumed)



8. Games budget
Structure of the Games budget (private vs. public financing) and commitments obtained from our national, regional or local government and City authorities
The 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games in London will be financed through a combination of private and public funding sources. The UK Government and the Mayor of London have agreed a package that makes allowance for $4,040 million of public funding. This will be made up of $2,550 million from the National Lottery, including revenue from a new game to run from 2005, and up to $1,065 million from London residents, via a local tax. The remaining $425 million, if required, will come from the city, via its development agency, the London Development Agency (LDA). These figures were drawn from an initial study into the cost of hosting the Games. The package is designed to cover the necessary capital, infrastructure and staging cost of the Games. The Government will also undertake the commitments required for the provision of security, medical and other Government-related services at no cost to the London Olympic Committee for the Organising of the Games (LOCOG). The Government will also be the ultimate guarantor of Olympic funding should there be a shortfall between Olympic costs and revenues. It will work closely with the LOCOG in managing the budget. All public sport and non-sport venues required for the Games will be made available to the LOCOG either free of charge or at a rental cost to be pre-approved by the IOC. Proposed private venues have received letters of intent which stipulate that as a condition of the venues being considered they should be made available to the LOCOG on a no loss/no gain basis.

(An exchange rate of GBP 1 = USD 1.70 has been assumed)



9. OCOG revenue generation potential
Expected revenue generation over and above the financial contribution received from the IOC
In addition to the broadcasting and TOP sponsorship revenues received from the IOC, London 2012 anticipates revenue of approximately $1,005 million from hosting the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. This figure is believed to be a conservative estimate, prepared in consultation with the BOA and international sports marketing experts, and comprises: Sponsorship/Official Suppliers Tickets Licensing Other Sources TOTAL $500m $415m $60m $30m $1,005m

All amounts are at current prices and it is assumed that all sponsorship revenue which is raised in the form of value-in-kind will be budget relieving.

Corporate sponsorship for sports and events is very well developed in the UK and underpins the sponsorship budget estimates. In the second half of 2002 alone there were at least five new sports sponsorship deals each worth over $10 million per annum. Indeed sports sponsorship in the UK is estimated to be worth more than $3 billion for a five year period. London is home to many leading international companies capable of obtaining significant benefits from a financial commitment to the Olympics and it has been assumed that a major company from each of 10 product categories could provide an average of $30 million each of sponsorship. Official suppliers whose sponsorship would largely be in the form of valuein-kind would likewise be able to obtain value from supporting the Games. It has been assumed that there will be two tiers of official suppliers, comprising some 60 companies in total, bringing the total domestic corporate sponsorship and official suppliers revenue to $500 million. A detailed ticket model has been constructed to calculate the likely revenue from ticket sales. With help from international ticketing experts and knowledge of the local appetite for the different sports, seat capacity utilisation and ticket prices have been estimated. Combining these with data on venue capacities and the events schedule has led to a predicted ticket sales revenue of $415 million. As a large global city with a population of more than seven million and an annual influx of 11.5 million overseas tourists, London can expect a healthy demand for licensed products. With reference to Olympic precedent and the specific characteristics of London and its tourist market, licensing revenue has been estimated at $60 million. Other sources may include coin and stamp programmes, catering royalties and asset disposal. Revenue from these sources has been estimated at $30 million.

(An exchange rate of GBP 1 = USD 1.70 has been assumed)



10. Competition venues
“The athletes will love London’s venues. Competing among Please refer to Chart I in the appendices world-famous London 2012’s competition venues will highlight existing world-famous landmarks in the landmarks and in heart of the city, feature new world-class developments in the compact Olympic Park and new world-class facilities nearby, use nearby existing world-class sporting facilities. they will be inspired All venue selection has been made according to the principles of sustainable development to greatness.”

and driven by the legacy needs of both sport and the local community. Each venue has been chosen according to a thoughtfully planned and appropriately costed post-Games use. The Paralympic Games will benefit from this compact and accessible venue proposal. The new Olympic Park will house a combination of temporary and permanent facilities, including the permanent Olympic Stadium, aquatics centre and velodrome, all located within a seven-minute drive of the Olympic Village. The state-of-the-art ExCeL exhibition centre will host boxing, judo, weightlifting, wrestling and taekwondo, whilst across the River Thames the Dome will stage gymnastics and the finals of basketball and handball. Directly south, on the line of Greenwich Meridian, is the World Heritage Site at Greenwich Park which will provide a uniquely stunning backdrop for the equestrian events and the final stages of the modern pentathlon. Hyde Park, a short walk from suitable IOC hotels and Regent’s Park, close to media accommodation, will form a scenic central London setting for triathlon, softball, baseball and road cycling. Beach volleyball at Horse Guards’ Parade will set a vibrant new sport against the historic backdrop of Trafalgar Square and the Houses of Parliament.

Sir Steve Redgrave Five-time Olympic gold medallist

Existing sports venues
Among the world-class venues which will be used are: • Wimbledon, the world’s premier tennis centre; • Lord’s, the home of world cricket, which will host archery; • the newly-extended and improved Eton College Rowing Centre at Dorney Lake, Eton/Dorney, which will stage the 2006 World Rowing Championships; and • the shooting ranges at Bisley, a venue in the 1908 and 1948 London Olympics and renovated for the 2002 Commonwealth Games. Outside London, Manchester United’s Old Trafford and Hampden Park, Glasgow, will be amongst the stadia used for the football competition.

Planned sports venues
The new state-of-the-art, 90,000-seat Wembley Stadium, which hosted both the 1948 Olympic Games and the 1966 football World Cup Final, will be used for the finals of the Olympic football competition.

Additional sports venues
Additional sports venues will be at the heart of London’s Olympic Park. The Olympic Stadium will stage the athletics and the Opening and Closing Ceremonies for the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. The neighbouring new aquatic centre will cater for speed and synchronised swimming, diving and the finals of the water polo. A velodrome and BMX track, which will form the backbone of a legacy velopark, as well as a two-stadium hockey complex, will be built a few minutes from the Olympic Village. A high quality multi-sport complex, made up of three new indoor arenas, will stage basketball, volleyball and handball. Seating capacities will be a mix of permanent and temporary build depending on legacy use.



11. Competition venue locations
Please refer to Map B in the appendices
London will host one of the most compact, yet conveniently central, Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. The new 200-hectare Olympic Park will house the Olympic Stadium, the Olympic Village, the aquatics centre, the velodrome and BMX track, three sports halls, the hockey stadia and the International Broadcast Centre/Main Press Centre. None is more than seven minutes transport from any of the others. With other existing venues in the immediate vicinity (the Dome, the ExCeL centre and Greenwich Park) and two new sports halls on the Greenwich Peninsula, 17 of the 28 Olympic sports will be staged no more than 15 minutes from the Olympic Village. Yet the Games will still be at the heart of the city. Central London will be seven minutes away from the Olympic Park by train, and its great central parks will be used to showcase many sports. Historic locations such as Horse Guards’ Parade, Lord’s and Wimbledon will provide a wonderful backdrop to the sporting action. Venues outside of London – including Bisley, Weymouth Portland and Eton/Dorney – have been chosen for their world-class status in their sport.



12. Olympic Village and Media Centre
Concept for the athletes’ village and plans for its post-Olympic use
The Olympic Village will be built within the Olympic Park, adjacent to the Olympic transport hub at Stratford, and within walking distance of many of the venues. A total of 16,800 beds will be available in one- and two-bedroom apartments in elevatorserviced blocks at eight storeys or less, with a further 1,000 possible. A main dining area will seat 6,000 at any one time, with 24-hour service. A full range of further facilities – including internet cafes, games halls, shopping centres, a bank, Post Office, call centre, multi-faith religious facilities, cinemas and theatres – will be provided. Vehicle access has been carefully considered to guarantee rapid movement for athletes and officials to and from venues and training sites. There will be separate access points for Olympic Family, service, security and other vehicles. Parking for 1,000 vehicles will be adjacent to the main entrance, with back-up parking, for the fleet of shuttle buses. An ‘internal’ dedicated transportation route connecting the Village to eight Olympic Park sports’ venues and the IBC/MPC as well as environmentally-friendly transport, including cycleways, will be provided around the site. The 35-hectare village site is presently available and designated for residential development. The village will be designed to house competitors and officials in comfort and safety. Built as a sustainable long-term development in line with London-wide housing strategies, it will have guaranteed legacy use as affordable housing for key occupations such as teachers and medical personnel. Outline planning permission is due by Spring 2004, with development beginning 2008/2009 and completed by 2011.

Financing of the construction of the athletes’ village
The village will be funded as a joint public-private development venture as part of a larger redevelopment project.

Additional athletes’ villages and alternative accommodation
Every athlete will be able to stay in the Olympic Village. There will be a sub-village for the sailors at Weymouth-Portland. Athletes competing at Bisley, Eton/Dorney and Swinley Forest will enjoy additional secure accommodation, close to their event venue, should they choose to use it. Competitors in the football tournament will be housed in four-star, and above, hotels close to the various host stadia.

Concept for the IBC/MPC, financing and plans for its post-Olympic use
The IBC/MPC will occupy newly-constructed and linked adjacent buildings in the heart of the Olympic Park, within seven kilometres of 17 sports’ venues and only 17 minutes away from the main media hotel area. The IBC (65,000 sqm) will be single level and the MPC (45,000 sqm) will be two-storey. The site will include space for parking areas, satellite uplink equipment, production vehicles and storage. The IBC/MPC will be less than three kilometres from Stratford station and alongside the four-lane A11 road link giving direct access to central London and the main media hotel area at Bloomsbury via dedicated media transport. The IBC/MPC construction will be funded via public-private partnership, with postGames commercial use as part of the area’s regeneration project. It will be completed a year ahead of the Games to allow sufficient time for a broadcast overlay followed by a print media fit-out. The London bid is working closely with the BBC to understand the perspectives of a broadcaster with significant experience in Olympic coverage. We will look forward to working with the IOC in close partnership with OBS and other broadcasters to deliver world-class media facilities.



13. Hotels
“London’s facilities will set new standards of excellence, enabling Please refer to Chart II in the appendices athletes from all London has an exceptional range of accommodation, and capacity enough to cater for the backgrounds to 11.5m overseas tourists who visit every year. Specific areas have been chosen to suit perform at their best and achieve individual needs of the Olympic Family. remarkable goals.”

London is fortunate to have a large number of hotel rooms. There are more than 70,000 three-, four- and five-star hotel rooms within 10km of the city centre. In addition there are a further 20,000 hotel rooms due to be built by 2012. Of these 4,000 are currently under construction and 16,000 have planning permission to proceed. As well as the hotels in the capital, there are also a large number of student hostels and halls of residence offering more than 6,500 rooms. The IOC could select from a wide range of world-class hotels close to Hyde Park, central to all venues, and immediately adjacent to the evening festivals in Hyde Park. They will be perfectly situated in the heart of London’s West End. The media will be accommodated at well-serviced central hotels in the Bloomsbury area. We are able to offer a wide range of accommodation from five-star hotels to student halls of residence to suit all needs and budgets. They will be close to Olympic and public transit connections to all venues. King’s Cross/St Pancras station is only minutes away from Bloomsbury and from there the media can be in the Olympic Park in less than seven minutes. International Federation technical officials will be located at suitable hotels near their sports venues. The hotel industry has warmly embraced and supported London’s bid to host the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games in 2012. We have received total support from Visit London and Visit Britain, the tourist authorities who have helped us with the accommodation strategy, along with leading consultants in the hotel industry.

Tanni Grey-Thompson Nine-time Paralympic gold medallist

Convention rates
Class 3 star 4 star 5 star Average price (USD/night) $134 $232 $428

Source: PKF. Includes cost of breakfast and all applicable taxes.



14. Media accommodation
Concept for media accommodation
Hotels in the Bloomsbury area, traditionally the literary heart of London, will be home to most of the media. Ideally located – both minutes away from the West End and its culture, shopping, restaurants and nightlife, and three main railway stations – it will provide a perfect base, close to the city centre and also well connected to all Olympic venues and the entire transport network. The written and photographic press, as well as some of the broadcast media, will be housed in three- and four-star hotels, as well as smaller, less expensive accommodation, around Bloomsbury. In addition, more than 3,500 places in university halls of residence in the area will be used. Bloomsbury’s layout, with its wide historic squares, will provide easy pick-up points for road journeys to the IBC/MPC. All media will also be able to use their accreditations for the seven-minute train journey from King’s Cross/St Pancras Station, within eight minutes’ walk of Bloomsbury, to the Olympic Park. Media who wish to stay elsewhere in London, or adjacent to specific venues, will have a variety of standards of accommodation to choose from.



15. Transport overview
Please refer to Chart III in the appendices
London’s status as a world-class city is built upon its transport network. It has the world’s busiest international airport and one of the world’s most extensive rail and underground systems. It boasts one of the newest light railways built in recent years and innovative strategic solutions, such as the congestion charge imposed on city centre drivers, to tackle the transport challenges which every major city faces. Every day 20 million journeys are made on London’s comprehensive and integrated system. A massive investment programme is already underway which will see further improvements in capacity and reliability. More than $30 billion is being spent in London before 2012, with roads, trains and the underground all due to benefit. The London Underground alone will see more than $27 billion invested over the next 15 years. The state-of-the-art Jubilee Line, serving the main Olympic facilities, will be see a 45 per cent increase in capacity. A new $1.6 billion rail extension of the East London Line is planned. The existing Docklands Light Railway (DLR) will be extended. In addition, the high-speed Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) extension will cut journey times from the Olympic transport hub at Stratford to central London to seven minutes. A budget of $765 million has been set aside for additional development for the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. Capacity will be increased, particularly for key Olympic routes, and services will be tailored to particular Olympic needs. Stratford station itself, already the most accessible transport interchange in London, will be further improved and upgraded. The result will be safe, fast and efficient transport, welcoming each group of users and tailored to their particular requirements.

Summary (for full details please refer to Chart III in the appendices)
Air EXISTING Five international airports, with Heathrow the main arrival/departure point. The Docklands Light Railway (DLR), one of the most successful urban railways in Europe, which will be one of the key transport modes to and from the Olympic Park. A national and regional system, fully integrated in London’s transport infrastructure. PLANNED A fifth terminal, due to open by 2008, taking Heathrow’s overall capacity to 94 million passengers per annum. A $220 million extension to City airport and a $240 million extension under the Thames to Woolwich. ADDITIONAL None needed.

Light rail

A major upgrade of Stratford station, costing up to $380 million, as well as other enhancements within a further rail/light rail budget of up to $475million. An extension between Stratford International and Stratford Regional stations is under consideration as part of an overall rail/light rail budget of up to $475 million of capacity upgrades.


The $9 billion Channel Tunnel Rail Link; the $1.6 billion extension of the East London Line – connecting north and south London with the east and the Olympics – to be completed by 2010; and a $160 million extension of the Heathrow Express service. The A13 east-west route will be upgraded to six lanes by 2005.


Major arterial roads surround the Olympic Park.

Major Park and Ride schemes and an Olympic route network across London to reduce journey times for the Olympic Family. Extended services to cater for Olympic demand.

London Underground

One of the world’s most extensive underground systems, carrying a billion people a year.

A 45 per cent increase in capacity on the Jubilee Line by 2011 as well as ongoing upgrades throughout the system.



16. Air transportation
Main international airport for the Olympic Games, and reasons for this choice
London’s main international airport for the Games will be Heathrow. It is the hub of Europe’s air transport system, with frequent services to more than 200 international destinations. At present it has two runways, four terminals, 175 aircraft stands and a capacity of 64 million passengers per annum. The dedicated Heathrow Express rail link covers the 20km to London in 15 minutes, every 15 minutes. Passengers have the choice of underground, taxis and local public transport to reach other destinations around the city. Heathrow is also undergoing a $10 billion investment programme which will see the addition of a new, fifth terminal by 2008. It will add 42 aircraft stands, capacity for another 20 million passengers per annum and new links to the Heathrow Express and underground services. By 2012 Terminal Five will have a further 14 aircraft stands and capacity for a further 10 million passengers per annum. Overall, Heathrow’s capacity by 2012 will be 94 million passengers per annum.

Other airports intended for use in the Games, their capacity, proximity and transportation possibilities to the city centre
Stansted Airport is 35 km from London and serves 137 destinations. It has one runway, 80 aircraft stands (100 by 2012) and a 19 million annual passenger capacity (28 million by 2012). A total of $2 billion will be spent on improvements before 2012. A dedicated express rail service – the Stansted Express – takes passengers straight into east London, with excellent onward connections to the Olympic Park. Stansted will play an important role in servicing both Olympic passenger and cargo traffic, especially as the airport is recognised for its expertise in handling horses due to its proximity to the renowned racing town of Newmarket. Gatwick and Luton Airports are both major international gateways within 30 minutes of central London (via dedicated high-speed rail links) and will play a support role for the Games. Between them, they serve 140 destinations and have capacity for 40 million passengers per annum. Gatwick has one runway, 105 aircraft stands (123 by 2012) and a capacity of 31 million passengers per annum (42 million by 2012). Luton has one runway, 38 aircraft stands (60 by 2012) and 10 million passengers per annum capacity (20 million by 2012). London City Airport is five kilometres from the Olympic Park with scheduled services to 21 European destinations. It has one runway, 12 aircraft stands (17 by 2012) and a capacity of 1.6 million passengers per annum (3.5 million by 2012). The route to the Olympic Park is served by frequent public bus services and, by 2006, an extension of the Docklands Light Railway. In addition to air travel, the Channel Tunnel Rail Link will provide rapid and direct services from northern Europe to Stratford. The journey time from northern Europe will be two hours. Outside London, Belfast, Birmingham, Cardiff, Glasgow, Manchester, and Newcastle Airports are convenient for Olympic football venues and offer scheduled international services. Bournemouth Airport provides a convenient destination for the sailing events at Weymouth.



17. Transport infrastructure
Please refer to Map B in the appendices
Map B shows the location of the Olympic Park north of the River Thames and seven minutes by train from central London. New and upgraded infrastructure routes, building on London’s existing and extensive public transport network, are highlighted in yellow on the map and will meet the increased capacity needed for the Games. The most significant of these are: • The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) running due east from King’s Cross St. Pancras through to the continent. This brings the Olympic Park at Stratford station within seven minutes of central London. • The planned East London Line extension which runs north/south across the River Thames from Dalston/Highbury in the north to Crystal Palace/Croydon in the south. • Significant capacity increases on the Jubilee Line linking North West London through Central London to the Olympic Park in the east.



18. Transportation challenges
Transport challenges faced by London, and plans to overcome them
As with all major world cities, congestion is the most pressing issue for transport planners and public alike. It only occurs on certain routes and at certain limited, peak, times. It is also constantly being addressed by pioneering and long-term strategies such as the congestion charge. In addition over $30 billion is being invested across the system in London before 2012, with key projects including: • the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) which will provide a seven-minute link between central London and the Olympic transport hub at Stratford; • improvements to the underground’s Jubilee Line, also serving the main Olympic venues, resulting in 45 per cent more capacity; • and the overall deployment of the latest technology, from intelligent and integrated ticketing systems to congestion charging. Transport planners are already modelling all Games-time loads, deploying the expertise gathered from such huge mass participation events as the Queen’s Golden Jubilee in 2002, to ensure world-class transport in 2012. An Olympic Transport Authority will be created specifically to oversee the entire Games transport system and guarantee its efficient and effective delivery and operation. Already it is clear that volumes during the Games period will be 20 per cent lower than average due to the drop-off associated with the summer holiday period. In addition Olympic passenger flow will often be in the opposite direction to commuter use, further easing demand on the system. Because of the impressive scale of London’s existing transport infrastructure, extra demand from the Games is expected to be no more than five per cent of normal London weekday travel. Additional measures will be introduced to manage this demand and ensure it is seamlessly absorbed throughout the network without any decline in journey time or service quality. Among the specific and targeted initiatives which will be introduced are: • an express rail service along the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) line between Stratford and central London; • an extended tube service for late night events; • the introduction of a series of Park & Ride schemes at key locations around the M25 London orbital motorway; • and an integrated ticketing system, combining venue and transport access in one ticket, working in tandem with a public awareness campaign to ensure full use of all transport alternatives. Measures to ensure safe, secure and efficient transport for the Olympic Family will also be introduced. Among them will be: • the introduction of Olympic arrival channels at Heathrow airport; • dedicated Olympic lanes for vehicles carrying the Olympic Family; • and the deployment of latest technology to ensure priority for Olympic Family vehicles.



19. Transport: distances / journey times
Please refer to Chart IV in the appendices



20. Dates of the Olympic Games
Proposed dates of the Games and reasons for this choice
The Olympic Games will be held over the 16 days following the Opening Ceremony on Friday 27 July 2012 and the Closing Ceremony on Sunday 12 August. The Paralympic Games will be held from Friday 31 August until Tuesday 11 September. The Games will span the height of the summer, when the warm, often sunny, clear days will offer ideal conditions for the athletes. Accommodation vacated by holidaying students will also be available for media, volunteers, security forces, and others. In addition transport demand will be lighter than average due to it being the school holiday period.



21. Population
Current population and estimated population in 2012

2004 Population UK Inner London London Metropolitan (inc. Inner London numbers) 59,320,000 2,792,600 7,287,600

Estimated 2012 Population 60,706,000 2,874,100 7,497,900



22. Meteorology
Please refer to Chart V in the appendices



23. Environment
Current environmental conditions
London is renowned for its parks and open spaces. In all two-thirds of Greater London comprises green space and waterways, including 11,000 hectares (seven per cent of total land area) used for sports. UK planning policies emphasise the protection of these ‘green lungs’ and seek to improve their ecological and leisure value. The River Thames is now one of the world’s cleanest city rivers, thanks to the enforcement of strict anti-pollution controls. Salmon are among the 118 species of fish now inhabiting the river. Likewise, air quality has improved as a result of regulation of vehicle emissions. London is on course to meet most UK and European air quality targets. In addition, London is working towards CO2 emission reduction targets beyond Kyoto.

Ongoing environmental projects and their organisation
A broad range of governmental and non-governmental initiatives are being implemented across a wide range of environmental themes, including waste and litter, air quality, energy, noise, biodiversity, green spaces and wetlands. Each of these themes is being integrated into the comprehensive, multi-disciplinary masterplan for the redevelopment which will include the Olympic Park and the surrounding area.

Environmental impact of staging the Olympic Games
Environmental quality and sustainability will be the cornerstones of London 2012. The Olympic Games and Paralympic Games will be the key catalyst to the most significant urban regeneration programme ever seen in London. The Olympic Park will form part of one of the biggest new city green spaces in Europe for 200 years and create a legacy of longterm community and sporting assets set within a rejuvenated, accessible valley of parkland, re-instated marshes and waterways. A new ecopark will provide the first strategic and environmentally sound solution to waste treatment in the Lea Valley. The state-of-the-art facility will contribute renewable energy to local communities, demonstrate more efficient use of resources and improve water quality. In line with the IOC’s Agenda 21, London 2012 is developing a comprehensive environmental and sustainability strategy to optimise environmental protection and enhancement opportunities. Key elements of the strategy will include measuring and monitoring performance across a range of environmental and socio-economic indicators. London 2012 will address climate change issues by optimising the most carbon-efficient choices in the Games: use of public transport, rail and river freight; specifying nonpolluting official car fleets, buses and service vehicles; energy efficiency in facility design, construction and operation. It will also seek to generate and use renewable energy, and create more green space, wetlands and wildlife habitat. Such actions will also run alongside an Olympic environmental and sustainability awareness campaign and a long-term sustainable sport programme.

Environmental impact studies
Environmental impact assessments for Olympic projects are being carried out in accordance with UK and European law as part of the process to obtain planning consent.



24. Experience
Experience hosting International and multi-sports events
The United Kingdom has welcomed the world to some of the biggest and most successful events of recent times. Manchester 2002 was widely considered to be the best ever Commonwealth Games, with a total of 3,679 athletes from 72 countries competing in front of 900,000 spectators. More than 10,000 volunteers assisted with the smooth running of events across 17 sports and 38 venues, including the purpose-built City of Manchester Stadium. In March 2003 Birmingham hosted what was acclaimed as one of the finest IAAF World Indoor Athletics Championships. A total of 618 athletes from 145 countries competed in front of a sell-out, passionate crowd of 20,000 and were watched by a global television audience of 168 million viewers in 141 countries. IAAF General Secretary Istvan Gyulai said: “I have seen all world championships, indoors and outdoors, and we have never experienced more local support from the host city. This was an event for the entire community and this is a key ingredient for us.” Both are included in the list, below, of 10 recent international sports events successfully staged in the UK. 2003 2003 2002 2001 2000 2000 1999 1998 1996 Annually World Badminton Championships (IBF) World Indoor Athletics Championships (IAAF) Commonwealth Games (CGF) World Modern Pentathlon Championships (UIPM) World Finn Sailing Championships (ISAF) World Track Cycling Championships (UCI) World Judo Championships (IJF) IPC World Athletics Championships (IAAF) European Football Championships (UEFA) London Marathon Birmingham Birmingham Manchester & Bisley Millfield Weymouth Manchester Birmingham Birmingham Various; final at Wembley London

International events such as Wimbledon, the British motor racing Grand Prix, international rugby at Twickenham, major soccer internationals, the international athletics Grand Prix and equestrian events such as Badminton, Burghley and Hickstead are staged successfully each year in the UK. In addition, several world-class events will be held in coming years, including the World Junior Sailing Championships at Weymouth-Portland in 2006 and the World Rowing Championships at Eton/Dorney in 2006; both will be venues for a London Games in 2012.



25. Security
Responsibility for security during the Olympic Games
The ultimate responsibility for security in London in 2012 will rest with the UK Government. A Governmental strategic group led by the Home Office and reporting directly to the Cabinet Office will ensure that security preparations are comprehensive and complementary, allowing the Olympic events and festivities to be enjoyed in a safe, secure and welcoming environment. London’s Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) will oversee and co-ordinate all operational issues. The United Kingdom, and London especially, has unparalleled experience and expertise in pro-active multi-agency policing. The MPS in particular has earned an international reputation for excellence in policing and securing major public events – a reputation underlined by its key involvement in the seven nation Olympic Security Advisory Group for the 2004 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games in Athens. The MPS is developing an all-encompassing security plan, based around an international, intelligence-led approach. Crowd management, general policing and other measures will be developed in line with public safety strategies that have been successfully used at events such as Notting Hill Carnival and the Queen’s Golden Jubilee celebrations. The MPS will direct a single central command and control structure, reporting to the Government group. It will incorporate all the relevant agencies including the fire and ambulance services, security and intelligence agencies, local authorities and private sector security staff. At its core will be the Olympic Security Command Centre, incorporating all of the above groups, where events will be monitored and actions co-ordinated according to nationally agreed protocols between the emergency services. Additionally, there will be satellite control centres at all Olympic venues. All the command centres will fully utilise the security and command and control protocols which already exist and which have been developed and refined using the experiences and knowledge obtained from policing such a diverse and dynamic city as London. These protocols will be reviewed and updated for the Games, but have clearly demonstrated their effectiveness on numerous occasions in the past.
“The Met is taking the lead in the security plans for London 2012. Our experience in planning and delivering large scale policing operations has made us recognised world leaders in this field. We would bring this experience to London should we be honoured with the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games.” Sir John Stevens Commissioner, Metropolitan Police Service

Provision of security resources for the Olympic Games
The resources of the MPS (currently 29,000 officers), regional police forces and other policing agencies, including the private sector, will be dedicated to maintaining a safe and secure environment for participants and spectators alike. Already MPS experts are giving specialist advice to architects and masterplanners to ensure security measures are built in from the design stage. In addition, surveillance cameras, automatic number plate recognition systems and intrusion alarms, as well as air monitoring, magnetometers and other state-of-the-art technological systems will be used in support of the security personnel. The UK Government will also operate a secure and effective immigration control consistent with our national and international obligations and will work with the LOCOG to enable the issue of the identity card to all entitled persons, as given in rule 66 of the Olympic Charter.

Provision of an effective single management structure for security
Existing legislation allows a single, integrated management structure. There is no need for any additional legislation.

Provision of new laws in order to achieve an efficient structure and operation
The Government will introduce legislation should further legal powers be necessary or desirable.


CHART I: Existing, planned and additional sports venues
Construction/upgrade Date of upgrade 1998/99 2002 2003 2001 Cost of upgrade in USD 2003 (if not completed)


Sport Venues Lord’s Wimbledon Eton/Dorney Bisley Greenwich Park Hyde Park Regent’s Park Horse Guards’ Parade Regional Football Stadia (6) The Dome 2000 1970 1873 2003/05 1988 $15m

Total spectator capacity (seated) 5000 40000 30000 15000 20000 10000, 3000 8000, 20000 13000 20000-72500 20000

Construction date 1815 1922 2000 1890 various 1999

Source of financing (public/private/joint) Private Private Private Public Public Public Public Public Private Public Private Public Public Public

ExCeL 10000, 10000, 6000, 10000 5000 5000 3000

Weymouth – Portland Alexandra Palace Swinley Forest

Sports/Events Archery Tennis Rowing, Canoe Flatwater Shooting Equestrian, Modern Pentathlon Triathlon, Cycling (road) Softball, Baseball Volleyball (beach) Football (prelims) Gymnastics (artistic/trampolining), Basketball (finals), Handball (finals) Boxing, Judo/Taekwondo, Weightlifting, Wrestling Sailing Fencing Cycling (mountain bike)

PLANNED Total spectator capacity 90000 Start 2002 End 2005

Sport Venues Wembley

Sports/Events Football (finals)

Construction Cost in USD 2003 $600m

Permanent or temporary venue Permanent

Source of financing (public/private/joint) Joint

ADDITIONAL Total spectator capacity 80000 20000 Start 2008 2005 2011 2009 2009 End 2011 2008 2012 2011 2011

Sport Venues Olympic Park Stadium Olympic Park Aquatics Centre

Construction Cost in USD 2003 $510-595m $110-120m

Permanent or temporary venue Permanent Permanent Permanent Permanent Permanent

Source of financing (public/private/joint) Public Public Public Public Joint

Olympic Park Tennis Complex Olympic Park Velodrome Olympic Park Sports Hall 1 Hall 2 Hall 3 Broxbourne Olympic Park Hockey Stadia University of East London Greenwich Sports Hall 1 Hall 2 Olympic Park BMX Track

Sports/Events Athletics Swimming, Diving, Synchronised Swimming, Modern Pentathlon, Water Polo (finals) Tennis (Paralympic) Cycling (track) Volleyball, Basketball (prelims), Mod Pent, Handball (prelims) Canoe Slalom Hockey Water Polo (prelims) Gymnastics (rhythmic), Badminton, Table Tennis Cycling (BMX) 7000 6000 15000, 10000, 5000 15000 20000 5000 6000, 6000 6000

2006 2009 2011 2010 2009

2008 2011 2011 2011 2011

$2m $45m $30m $20m $10m $10m $5m $20m $30m $2m

Permanent Temporary Temporary Temporary Permanent

Public Public Public Public Public

(An exchange rate of GBP 1 = USD 1.70 has been assumed)

CHART II: Accommodation
Within a radius of 11-50 km of the City Centre Number of hotels Number of rooms 30 3,632 150 9,765 Number of hotels 209 356 Total Number of rooms 42,997 39,603

EXISTING Class 4 + 5 star hotels 3 star hotels

Within a radius of 10km of the City Centre Number of hotels Number of rooms 179 39,365 206 29,838

EXISTING Venues outside of the city Weymouth (Sailing) Manchester (Football) Newcastle (Football) Cardiff (Football) Belfast (Football) Glasgow (Football) Birmingham (Football) Number of hotels 7 75 44 27 10 51 64 Number of rooms 230 7,294 3,102 1,681 924 4,805 5,893 Number of hotels 8 92 50 35 14 64 77

4 + 5 star hotels Number of hotels Number of rooms 1 40 17 3,185 6 777 8 1,207 4 613 13 2,066 13 2,806

3 star hotels

Totals Number of rooms 270 10,479 3,879 2,888 1,537 6,871 8,699

Source: OTUS & Co.


Within a radius of 50km of the City Centre Number of hotels Number of rooms 150 20,362

Source: Visit London

CHART III: Existing, planned and additional transport infrastructure
Length (km) and capacity (no. of traffic lanes or tracks) Construction/upgrade


Type of Transport Infrastructure (Motorways, major urban arterial network, suburban rail, subway, light rail public transport system) Motorway Major Urban Arterial Network Suburban rail Tube Light rail Within City boundary 266 / 6 to 8 lanes 1,861 / 3 to 6 lanes 851 / 2 to 6 tracks 405 / 2 tracks 55 / 2 tracks From City boundary to outlying venues 145 / 4 to 6 lanes 128 / 2 to 4 lanes 280 / 2 to 4 tracks Not applicable Not applicable Construction date Varies Varies Varies 1868 to 2001 1987 to 2003 Date of upgrade Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Cost of upgrade (if not yet completed) in USD 2003 Already in operation Already in operation Already in operation Already in operation Already in operation

Source of financing (public/private/joint) Public Public Joint Joint Joint

PLANNED Type of Transport Infrastructure (Motorways, major urban arterial network, suburban rail, subway, light rail public transport system) Road – A13 improvements Rail – Channel Tunnel Rail extension to King’s Cross St. Pancras Rail – Heathrow Express extension to Heathrow Terminal 5 Rail – Power supply upgrade on SE lines Rail – East London Line extension* Tube – Piccadilly line extension to Heathrow Terminal 5 Tube – increased capacity on Jubilee Line Tube – increased capacity on Northern Line Tube – Central Line capability/reliability improvements Light Rail – Woolwich Arsenal extension* Light Rail – extension to London City Airport Bus – new Greenwich and East London busways* (no. of traffic lanes or tracks) From City boundary Within City boundary to outlying venues 24 / to be 6 lanes None 40 / 2 tracks None 3 / 2 tracks Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable 30 / 2 tracks Not applicable 3 / 2 tracks Not applicable 36 / 2 tracks Not applicable 58 / 2 tracks Not applicable 90 / 2 tracks Not applicable 3 / 2 tracks Not applicable 4 / 2 tracks Not applicable 66 / 2 tracks Not applicable Start 2000 Started Started Started Started 2004 2006 2004 Started 2005 Started 2006 End 2005 2007 2008 2006 2010 2008 2011 2012 2006 2008 2006 2010 Construction

Cost of in USD 2003 $255m $9bn $160m $1.7bn $1.6bn $240m $250m $255m $170m $240m $220m $110m

Source of financing (public/private/joint) Private Joint Joint Public Joint Joint Private Private Private Joint Joint Public

ADDITIONAL Type of Transport Infrastructure (Motorways, major urban arterial network, suburban rail, subway, light rail public transport system) Upgrade of Stratford Regional station (Rail, Tube, Light Rail) Other capacity upgrades to current infrastructure in order to facilitate the Games (no. of traffic lanes or tracks) From City boundary Within City boundary to outlying venues Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable

Construction Start 2007 2007 End 2011 2011 Cost of in USD 2003 $290-380m $385-475m Source of financing (public/private/joint) Public Private

(An exchange rate of GBP 1 = USD 1.70 has been assumed) *not yet contracted

CHART IV: Transport: distances / journey times
Main Hotel Area Km Min (bus/rail) 25 26/40 19 23/27 226 160/180 15 19/27 6 9/9 15 19/27 15 19/27 35 35/45 16 21/19 3 4/11 15 19/27 16 21/19 14 19/30 35 35/45 35 38/35 3 4/0 53 46/50 15 19/27 17 22/35 21 24/26 75 minutes (air) 16 20/29 16 21/19 14 19/30 15 19/27 16 21/19 15 19/27 14 19/30 14 19/30 18 24/43 15 19/27 17 22/27 15 19/35 3 4/11 14 19/30 17 24/27 16 21/19 53 46/50 4 5/9 3 4/0 226 160/180 2 3/3 15 19/27 Km 40 15 3 240 5 13 MPC/IBC Min (bus/rail) 45/59 19/27 6/0 178/185 10/0 17/20 5 10/0 49 54/55 6 7/9 17 21/23 5 10/0 6 7/9 6 6/8 49 54/55 35 33/38 17 23/27 68 64/49 5 10/0 7 7/23 28 28/33 75 minutes (air) 39 37/37 6 7/9 6 6/8 5 10/0 6 7/9 5 10/0 6 6/8 6 6/8 9 10/19 5 10/0 7 7/0 5 10/23 17 21/23 6 6/8 28 37/45 6 7/9 68 64/49 18 23/29 17 23/27 240 178/185 13 17/24 5 10/0

All distances by bus in km and journey times by bus/rail in minutes in 2003 Gateway International Airport Main Hotel area Main Athletes Village Sub-Village(s) Olympic Stadium Media Accommodation MPC/IBC Athletics Rowing Badminton Baseball Basketball (Prelims) Basketball (Finals) Boxing Canoe/Kayak (Flatwater) Canoe/Kayak (Slalom) Cycling (Road) Cycling (Mountain) Cycling (Track & BMX) Equestrian Fencing Football (Prelims) Football (Finals) Gymnastics Weightlifting Handball (Prelims) Handball (Finals) Hockey Judo Wrestling Swimming (Water Polo) Swimming (Others) Modern Pentathlon (Riding/Running) Modern Pentathlon (Others) Softball Taekwondo Tennis Table Tennis Shooting Archery Triathlon Sailing Volleyball (Beach) Volleyball

Heathrow International Airport Km Min(bus/rail) Olympic Stadium Media Accommodation Km Min (bus/rail) Km Min (bus/rail) 41 46/59 31 35/48 16 20/27 6 9/9 4 8/0 18 22/7 241 179/185 231 168/180 14 17/7 14 17/20 1 2/0 13 17/7 0 0/0 14 17/7 50 54/55 41 44/45 7 7/9 15 19/30 17 22/23 3 4/12 0 0/0 14 17/7 7 7/9 15 19/30 6 7/8 13 17/36 50 54/55 41 44/45 34 33/38 36 40/35 18 23/27 9 12/9 68 65/49 59 54/44 0 0/0 14 17/7 7 8/23 15 20/30 28 27/33 22 26/16 75 minutes (air) 75 minutes (air) 38 36/37 17 21/27 7 7/9 15 19/30 6 7/8 13 17/36 0 0/0 14 17/7 7 7/9 15 19/30 0 0/0 14 17/7 6 7/8 13 17/36 6 7/8 13 17/36 10 11/19 16 21/40 0 0/0 14 17/7 7 8/0 15 20/7 0 0/23 14 17/30 17 22/23 3 4/12 6 7/8 13 17/36 29 37/45 19 27/33 7 7/9 15 19/30 68 65/49 59 54/44 19 24/29 5 6/18 18 23/27 9 12/9 241 179/185 231 168/180 14 17/24 5 6/5 0 0/0 14 17/7

26 26/40 44 49/59 206 140/212 40 45/59 31 34/48 40 44/59 40 45/59 15 15/35 41 47/66 29 30/35 40 45/59 41 47/66 40 45/68 15 15/35 51 49/72 28 29/40 33 26/50 40 45/59 42 48/73 37 35/60 75 minutes (air) 24 22/57 41 47/66 40 45/68 40 45/59 41 47/66 40 45/59 40 45/68 40 45/68 43 49/81 40 45/59 42 48/73 40 45/59 29 30/35 40 45/68 28 30/58 41 47/66 33 26/50 29 31/42 28 29/40 206 140/212 27 29/38 40 45/59

Athletes Accommodation Main Athletes Village Sub-Village Weymouth Km Min (bus/rail) Km Min (bus/rail) 44 50/59 206 140/212 19 23/27 226 160/180 245 183/185 245 183/185 2 4/0 240 178/185 18 22/20 231 167/180 3 7/0 240 178/185 2 4/0 54 59/55 11 12/9 21 26/23 2 4/0 11 12/9 10 11/8 54 59/55 33 31/38 22 27/27 72 69/49 2 4/0 11 12/23 26 26/33 75 minutes (air) 36 35/37 11 12/9 10 11/8 2 4/0 11 12/9 2 4/0 10 11/8 10 11/8 14 15/19 2 4/0 11 12/0 2 4/23 21 26/23 10 11/8 32 42/45 11 12/9 72 69/49 22 28/29 22 27/27 245 183/185 2 5/0 18 22/24 2 4/0

CHART V: Meteorology
WEYMOUTH Temperature (deg C) Humidity (%)

LONDON EAST LEA VALLEY Max. 96 95 95 97 97 9 am 12 noon 3 pm 6 pm 9 pm Ave. 74 61 54 56 64 Min. 9.8 11.9 14.2 14.5 13.2 Max. 24.9 27.4 29.5 27.7 26.1 Ave. 16.9 18.5 19.1 18.6 17.3 Min. 51.0 38.0 35.0 35.0 36.0 Max. 100 100 100 100 100 Ave. 81 75 73 75 81

Temperature (deg C)

Humidity (%)

9 am 12 noon 3 pm 6 pm 9 pm

Min. 11.7 13.9 14.1 13.7 13.0

Max. 26.4 33.5 37.4 36.1 31.1

Ave. 17.8 20.8 22.7 22.4 20.2

Min. 35 25 17 19 21

Wind Direction General Tendencies Direction Strength S 6.3 S 7.5 SSW 8.1 SSW 8.4 S 7.8

Wind Direction General Tendencies Direction Strength SSE 9.4 S 9.6 SSW 10.3 SW 10.5 SSW 9.0


Temperature (deg C)

Humidity (%)

9 am 12 noon 3 pm 6 pm 9 pm

Min. 11.2 12.9 13.2 12.7 11.4

Max. 24.7 32.8 35.2 33.1 27.1

Ave. 17.0 20.5 22.2 21.6 18.1

Min. 42.0 22.0 19.0 13.0 25.0

Max. 99 97 99 99 99

Ave. 80 64 58 59 73

Wind Direction General Tendencies Direction Strength SSE 5.4 SSW 7.4 SSW 8.0 SSW 8.0 S 5.2

PRECIPITATION Place London (East Lea Valley) Weymouth Bisley Period of Games 16.2 12.8 14.8 ALTITUDE City London (East Lea Valley) Weymouth Bisley

Number of days

Annually 158.2 148.4 159.7

Altitude (metres AMSL) 43 3 65

Source: London Weather Centre

Period: 15th July to 31st August

MAP A: Concept

MAP B: Infrastructure – existing, planned and additional

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