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									PDA In ESOL Tutoring
   Practitioner Survey
         Jennifer MacDougall
      ESOL Development Officer
    jennifer.macdougall@sqa.org.uk



   http://www.sqa.org/pdaesol
                  Sectors-managers
• Highest sector -community based    Community-
                                     based
                                     Education
• 2nd highest FE sector              Further
                                     Education

                                     FE comm-based
• Others mainly schools              Ed

                                     Voluntary
• One respondent from independent
  sector
                                     Other
                         Profile of Managers

•   Senior lecturers             •   56% of managers were not ESOL
•   Adult literacy managers          specialists (held no ESOL qualifications)
•   ESOL coordinators            •   4 respondents held a Masters level
•   Community learning and           qualification
    development managers         •   11 held a Diploma (Cambridge/Trinity)
•   Curriculum leaders               level qualification
•   Principal teacher learning   •   7 held CELTA level qualifications
    support                      •   4 had Intro level certificates
•   Project coordinator          •   2 held EAL qualifications
•   Adult Basic Education              – E.g RSA Diploma teaching English
    Coordinator                          across the curriculum in multilingual
•   Acting Depute Head                   schools
•   Director of Studies
                    Tutors’ Profile
• Female (88%)
• Aged between 40 and 60 (79%)
• Almost all have knowledge of a
  second language
• Most speak 2 other languages
  (65%)
• Most act as main tutor with
  ESOL learners
                               Other
                               venues:
                               School
                               At home
                               Prison
                               university
Highland              24       Moray                      4
Aberdeenshire         17       Angus                      6
Perth and Kinross     10       Dundee                     7
Stirling              4        Clackmannanshire           3
Fife                  10       Falkirk                    7
Edinburgh             49       East Lothian               2
West Lothian          3        Argyle and Bute            2
Glasgow               42       East Renfrewshire          3
Renfrewshire          6        West Dunbartonshire        3
East Dunbartonshire   1        Inverclyde                 3
East Ayrshire         6        South Ayrshire             3
North Lanarkshire     9        South Lanarkshire          10
Borders               7        Dumfries and Galloway      23
Total                 264


                          Location of Tutors responding
             Qualifications of Paid Tutors (1)
•   Most tutors hold CELTA or Equivalent
•   Some tutors have Diploma level qual but this is not the norm
•   Most Diploma level tutors work in FE colleges
•   3% of organisations had no tutors with ESOL quals
•   3% of organisations unsure if any tutors had ESOL quals

• 56% of organisations stated they had tutors with non ESOL
  quals
   – PGCE
   – TQFE
     However a number of organisations cited PDA:ITALL as the
     qualification (6 respondents)
            Qualifications/training of Tutors (2)
•   Majority of tutors educated to degree level
•   85% of tutors have Higher English
•   62% have an ESOL qualification (CELTA/equivalent in main)
•   38% have no ESOL qualification
•   42% hold non-ESOL teaching qualification (however not all were valid as
    TQ).
•   70 respondents cited non-accredited training given
     –   Stevenson College Home Tutor Training Course
     –   Intro to Working with ESOL Learners
     –   EAL training sessions
     –   LC/sound Scotland - Using Sound in ESOL
     –   SQA Launch Training days
     –   Weekend TEFL (i to i)
     –   Course run by WEA
     –   Fast Track training (GESOLF?)
           Qualifications in FE
•99 respondents in FE

  50
  45
  40
  35
  30                                  TQ+ESOL
  25                                  TQ
  20                                  ESOL
  15                                  None
  10
   5
   0
       All (99)   FTP (31) PTP (22)
                      Volunteer Tutors
       Is there a minimum academic level for volunteer tutors?




• From Manager Survey
• 30 respondents.
  –   Yes (33.3%)    No (66.6%)
  -   only one respondent mentioned CELTA
  -   Most mentioned PDA:ITALL
  -   One cited Higher English
  -   GESOLF Volunteers course
        Volunteer Tutors

• 55 responses (20.6%)
• Most worked fewer than 10 hours,
  majority 0-5
• Most had Higher English (88%)
• Almost 70% main tutor (or both)
• Most tutoring 1-1
Qualifications of
volunteers
  ESOL TQ (√)       7 (1 nv)
  Non-ESOL TQ (√)
  ESOL TQ (√)       13 ( 2 nv)
  Non-ESOL TQ (x)
  ESOL TQ (x)       5 ( 1 nv)
  Non-ESOL TQ (√)
  ESOL TQ (x)       26
  Non-ESOL TQ (x)
   Is there a need for a PDA in
         ESOL Tutoring?
90.00%
80.00%
70.00%
60.00%
50.00%
40.00%                      Managers
30.00%                      Tutors
20.00%
10.00%
 0.00%
         Yes   No   Don't
                    know
Is there a need for qualification?
    60
    50
    40
    30
    20
    10
     0
         FTP(81)         FTT(19)      Sess
                                      (41)
                   Yes    No   Don't know
                  Positive comments
• Necessary particularly for volunteers who may not be linguists (T)
• There is an increase in the number of ESL pupils in schools. We need
  more professionals to teach first stage and Advanced learners and their
  families. It will also help to raise the profile of ESOL as a subject in
  its own right (T)
• Would help to convince employers that a degree in English, a general
  arts degree or merely someone who thinks their English is
  “good”/”educated” aren’t enough(T)
• It would offer tutors like me a chance to develop our skills and perhaps
  be a gateway to further qualifications (T)
• It would be a much needed introduction which other courses or
  experience in EFL don’t prepare you for (T)
• I have worked with volunteers and without exception all have asked
  for training. Also, students would benefit from more confident, trained
  tutors
• Appears to be a logical step to sit alongside other PDAs (M)
• This could well be necessary if the number of non-English speakers in
  school increases (M)
   Negative Comments on Development
• I think it would be quite wrong to preclude people from volunteering if a
  formal qualification was a requirement to become an ESOL volunteer. At
  present providing volunteers are used only to support class tutors/on a
  1-1 basis the training currently given be GESOLF is sufficient (M)
• There are already enough properly qualified ESOL tutors/lecturers
  available in the profession in Scotland. I think that it represents a
  dilution of the profession (T)
                Negative comments
• I don’t see why every activity these days has to be certificated and
  assessed to within an inch of its life. What is the PDA for? How is it
  to be used? The profile of this type of volunteer (and I use the
  word advisedly ) is quite different from that of someone who works
  in an Oxfam shop one day a week. The training currently offered
  (e.g. a 24 hour course with the Glasgow ESOL Forum) distinguishes
  our volunteer from this person. Most of these volunteers genuinely
  want to give something back to the community and don't seek
  remuneration, but do welcome the training ( so it’s the process, not
  the end product that counts. I would be very opposed to this PDA if
  there was the slightest chance that it was seen as a way for
  someone to gain paid work without doing the full training, or for a
  charity or institution to get access to an ESOL teacher without a full
  CELTA/Trinity Cert (T)
                    Unsure/not clear
• I’m not sure how it differs from CELTA (M)
• Before commenting on this, I would like more information
  around the currency of the qualification and whether it will
  become a necessary qualification for EESOl tutoring staff.(M)
• How would a PDA fit with those who are already CELTA or
  TESOL qualified? Who is it aimed at? (M)
• Difficult to know if existing demand will lead to uptake of course
  (T)
• Unclear what it would deliver, who would pay for attendance,
  how it would be delivered and by whom (T)
• Not sure if required. If instead of EFL qualification, then no, I
  don’t see why can’t do CELTA (T)
• Depends how intensive it would be, and if it were something
  extra to the Trinity/CELTA or something preliminary (T)
• I’m not sure how far the PDA goes (T)
Would you undertake course?
 25

 20

                          ^ 30 (6)
 15
                          30-39 (12)
                          40-49 (24)
 10                       50-59 (38)
                          60+ (14)
 5

 0
      Yes   No   Unsure
Potential uptake volunteers


                      Yes
                      No
                      Don't know
Potential uptake community


                     yes
                     No
                     Don't know
         Important Components of PDA
Manager:                                     Tutor:
Teaching methods and techniques     80.9%    Teaching methods and techniques     82.2%
How English works                   77.9%    How English works                   71%
Phonology                           57.4%    Choosing and adapting materials     66.8%
Choosing and adapting materials     57.4%    Observation of exp. teachers        66.4%
Observation of exp. teachers        57.4%    Lesson planning                     64%
Working with low level learners      55.9%   Initial assessment/needs analysis   52.3%
Lesson planning                     51.5%    Working with low level learners      52.3%
ESOL literacy and numeracy          51.5%    ESOL literacy and numeracy          51.9%
Observed teaching practice          50%      Phonology                           50.9%
Initial assessment/needs analysis   50%      Observed teaching practice          48.8%
                Further Qualifications?
•   36% of tutors are interested in following course leading to PDA
•   High demand for CELTA equivalent (Scottish)
•   Post-CELTA qualification (between CELTA/DELTA)
•   Desire for qualification to help school teachers
•   Some respondents believe CELTA/DELTA best pathway-no need to invent
    wheel
•   Advanced Diploma
•   TQFE/Qualified Teacher status
•   Assessor/Teacher Trainer Training
•   Clear progression for careers in TESOL in Scotland
     – To include Scottish Context
     – Additional units/PDA at Cert and Dip level
     – Qualification to replace Cert/Dip/TQFE
                      Observations from survey
• Celta/Cert TESOL considered benchmark for ESOL tutoring
• Celta = TEFL initiated / not qualified
• Lack of knowledge over CELTA/Cert TESOL
• Some orgs willing to use volunteers-in all sectors/mainly as support
• School sector - emphasis on delivering SQA ESOL units as training focus
• Need for qualifications for all sectors including mainstream schools
• Lack of permanent posts
• Confusion over qualifications
• A number of respondents in community sector (esp managers did not
   choose language awareness as a necessary component of course)
• Problems with training re: cost, time, remission
                             Final Comments
• The sooner, the better
•   It would have to be of a very high standard to be as internationally recognised
    as other qualifications
•   No international validity, half trained tutors/lecturers competing for jobs
•   Long overdue!
•   A good idea to develop tutors qualifications and enable them to gain new
    skills.
•   I think this is a much needed and welcomed initiative
•   Needs to be offered distance learning
•   This could be useful for CPD-could this count toward Chartered Teacher
    Status?
•   Very positive development but a no. of issues that require consideration if it is
    going to be on offer to school staff
•   Keep the SQA out of this. Please seek some other way for such a training
    course to be endorsed
•   The proposed qualification should be merely a prerequisite to start teaching
    ESOL. Continued employment dependant on obtaining CELTA+DELTA
                  And…

• I think the work you are doing is wonderful.
  I hope very much it is a complete success.
  At last someone is taking the responsibility
  in putting some sort of qualification
  together

								
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