Googling to the Max Googling Guide #3 Research Quality Web Searching, Part 1 Teaching Library Limit Commands in Google UC Berkeley MIXING LIMIT COMMANDS: You can combine or mix most limit commands with other limit commands and/or search terms. You can use Boolean operators, and phrases to do this. However, you cannot mix anything with commands that apply to all terms that follow the command (e.g., allintitle: allinurl:). Limit/Focus Suggested Uses Examples: Commands & Limitations: intitle: Requires terms to occur in the<Title> • intitle:"sea level" rise california field, part of the HTML <Head> or • intitle:"global warming" intitle:"sea top section. level" california Finds pages likely to be focused on your • intitle:"global warming" site:epa.gov – terms. site:com allintitle: Requires all terms that follow to be in • allintitle: global warming sea level rise title field. Equivalent of repeating • allintitle: global warming "sea level intitle: before all terms. rise" Words may be in any order unless quotes are used to force phrases. Focuses narrowly on pages about the terms used. inurl: Requires terms to be in URLs. • inurl:"joe barker" finds pages with these Can be used with or without quotes, and two in URLs, allowing any punctuation. repeated. • inurl:joe barker finds pages with joe in URL punctuation is ignored. URLs, and barker somewhere in the Usually finds pages focused very document. specifically on terms. allinurl: Requires all terms to occur somewhere • allinurl: infopeople training finds pages in URLs, in any order. like www.infopeople.org/training/ site: Must be followed by all or the last part • site:infopeople.org finds all pages in of the top level of a URL, which Google from this site. identifies a "site." Must include org, • site:infopeople.org training finds pages in edu, com, etc. Google from this site with the word "www" and http:// optional. "training." Requires all results to have this as the • site:org OR site:edu librarian training top level URL (or site). finds pages with these terms inside .org or Use to search within a site or limit to .edu sites in Google. type of site (e.g., org or edu). filetype: Follow by a file extension (pdf, xls, • filetype:pdf "native americans" diabetes doc, ppt, etc.). • filetype:pdf OR filetype:ppt "boolean Requires terms to be in these types of searching" documents. daterange:Julian A more precise way to limit by date last • web searching daterange:2452640- dates (date Google crawled than the Adv. Search, which 2453005 finds pages containing these visited & found content allows only 3 mos, 6 mos, l yr. terms crawled between 6/1/03 and 6/1/04. changes). Finds recently updated pages, pages created on a specific date, and un- updated pages. If you don't know Julian dates: www.faganfinder.com/ google.html -- M O R E -- Googling to the Max, Teaching Library, UC Berkeley, 2004-2005. Adapted from materials developed by Joe Barker for "Extreme Googling," an Infopeople Workshop. The Infopeople Project [infopeople.org] is supported by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act, administered in California by the State Librarian. Limit/Focus Suggested Uses Examples: Commands & Limitations: numrange: An optional way of specifying that you • numrange:1920..1930 .. want pages only containing a certain range of numbers. - You can just type 123..456, 123.., or ..456 and get the same result. Google also accepts 123-456, 123-, or -456. Sites from foreign Find web pages from servers in a • Step 1: In Google Search Box, perform the country (URL specific country, regardless of TLD. search: List of country codes at recipes OR cooking brazil OR brazilian hack) www.iana.org/cctld/cctld-whois.htm • Step 2: In Address box, append to the URL After a Google search, created by step 1: append to resulting &restrict=countryBR URL in Address box: &restrict=country XX with XX being a capitalized two-letter country code. Limit Commands Suggested Uses Examples: for Web Managers & Limitations: and Authors: intext: Requires search terms to occur in the Limited application, because in text is default. text or <Body>. • intext:"sheet music" lincoln They may also occur in the title, url, or other places, and so this search resembles the default search, which looks at text. allintext Requires all search terms to occur in the • allintext: finding information text or <Body>. Equivalent of repeating intext: before each term. inanchor: Require terms to be in the anchor text, • inanchor:"infopeople project" finds pages the descriptive text that is linked to with this as text linked to, in URLs, or in in HTML, found between > and < links. Retrieves all kinds of pages with this the anchor or link. text in them somehow linked to. The circled text in this example is anchor text: <a href:"http://infopeople.org">Infopeople Project</a> Text may also occur elsewhere and not in anchor text. Many pages found point to a page with the anchor text and do not contain it. Of value to web authors looking for links to a page via text (as opposed to the link: search, which reads the URLs in links). allinanchor: Requires all search terms to occur in the • allinanchor: irs 1040 anchor text any order, as explained above. Extreme Googling Summer/Fall 2004 - This material has been created by Joe Barker for the Infopeople Project [infopeople.org], supported by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act, administered in California by the State Librarian. Any use of this material should credit the author and funding source.
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