PIN Units 3& 4
As of 21 Sept. 95
1-13 Open Book Regulation Questions
14. The following statement concerns deviations from written policy:
Under some circumstances a purposeful departure from policy can be justified.
15. Training that teaches crewmembers to solve problems by means of a systematic process is
16. Problem associated with overseeing the decision making process of a student :
Determining how and why an error was made
17. Your student shuts down an engine for a Tach Gen. Malfunction. What is this called?
18. What is the Phenomenon that occurs when you have more desire to get to your destination the
closer you get to it?
19. Instructors should task their students so that tasks don’t exceed performance by:
Planning times of low workload to give student a break
20. Student workload should be limited to the point where:
Confidence and performance are at least equal.
21. Regarding CRM critique:
If you can’t substantiate your observations it is best not to debrief the item
22. Communication on a C-130 is:
Difficult because non-verbal communication is filtered out.
23. What factor most affects leadership perception?
24. As a student improves the IP’s role should
Change to a follower/observer
25. What is a main problem with teaching CRM?
You can’t change a student’s personality
26. What is a possible CRM issue to critique after a flight?
Sarcastic comments from the crew after a copilot’s inputs
27. What is something to be aware of when critiquing CRM issues?
The potential for conflict is real
28. What is the backbone of any Flying training program?
Local Proficiency Sortie
29. Situational awareness is composed of two things. One is the threat the second is:
Application of the mission
30. What is the main purpose of an LPS?
Reinforce procedural knowledge
31. What is a key for realistic training?
Do not overload the student with too many threats
32. What is the most practical type of threat?
One associated with a low to medium intensity conflict
33. How should you plan the ingress route?
Plan it backwards from the objective area
34. Which of the following is an effective tool in planning a realistic recovery route?
Use the same threat situations as used during ingress
35. What is a characteristic of an AC Brief?
36. Briefings should provide an environment & format which provides for:
Two way communications
37. Who is responsible for fighting complacency during formation briefings
38. What makes up the bulk of a formation brief?
39. A conclusion should be:
Short and Positive
40. What is the purpose of a summary?
Capsulizes the brief
41. When using figures and data to instruct a student:
Provide the information needed
42. What is an important consideration concerning the use of visual aids?
Practice using them prior to briefing
43. A role of the instructor is to adjust his attitude to fit the students:
44. A fundamental factor of student briefings is:
Realize the student has esteem needs
45. A critique characteristic of acceptability includes:
The student must accept the IP before instructional communication can occur
46. What does flexible mean, regarding a critique?
IP can adjust method of critique to fit the student.
47. What is the purpose of a critique?
Improve student performance
48. How does a critique work?
Clarifies, emphasizes, and reiterates important ideas and critical procedures
49. Why should you avoid long critiques?
Student loses interest
50. The purpose of a written critique is
Provide a permanent record for student and other IPs
51. What is another name for MC Form 21
Aircrew Training Record
52. If no grade is filled in:
Task was not completely observed
53. What are reasons to complete training documents?
Quality control, Student Communication, Student Management
54. When is a training folder initiated?
Formal School, Unit indoctrination, Special Mission Qualifications, In-unit Upgrade
PIN Units 3& 4
As of Jul. 95
13. What is the error chain?
Decision makers do not realize they are making bad decisions.
14. What is it called when someone has supreme confidence in their abilities?
15. What leads to a sudden loss of Judgment
Perceived pressure to complete mission
16. What is the first priority during an emergency Procedure?
Fly the Aircraft
17. What provides the best opportunity to upgrade students leadership?
18. Risk Management involves:
Aircraft, Personnel, operations, environment
19. Operating A/C while accomplishing other tasks
20. During continuation training;
Events performed during the day must be logged as day events
21. IP/AC Should actively solicit:
Help from the rest of the crew
22. Non flying instructor should facilitate crew intervention
23. What is the Assertive Statement:
Least confrontational avenue of dissent
24. What happens when an IP is force into a leadership role?
It will disrupt accustomed patterns of interaction
25. Words are a small percentage of communication process
26. The following statement concerns policy:
Under some circumstances a purposeful departure from policy can be justified
27. What is the I’m SAFE checklist?
A technique to see if you are fit to fly
28. What is one way to break the error chain?
Searching for other bad decisions
29. What is one result of an overbearing Aircraft Commander?
Will cause crew resignation
30. Use training folder for student assessment
31. What is one result of Standard Cockpit Operating Procedures?
Takes out the human element
32. Balance mission and crew by
Encouraging input and respecting crews position
33. Assess the Aircraft commanders Brief by
Looking for appropriate eye contact
34. What is important technique when voicing dissent?
Don’t delay for fear of looking stupid
35. The avenues of dissent are:
Policy and you must teach them that way
36. What is the relationship between stress and performance?
Some stress may increase the performance level
37. What tool is available for reducing Instructor Stress
PIN Units 3-4
Suspected Old information
1. Air Craft Commanders Brief :
Should Vary with situation. Be flexible quality of crew/experience sets the tone for mission.
Communicates open flow of ideas
2. Character of Formation Brief.
Just the Facts
3. What is true of a complicated subject
It is possible to oversimplify
4. What is the purpose of the Conclusion?
Summarizes, remotivates, Provides closure
5. Summary is part of conclusion. It is a capsule version of the briefing itself
6. Which is true of the following is true concerning the identifier for an NDB?
It is broadcast continuously
7. Which is an indication that the tacan has momentarily lost lock?
Bearing pointer momentarily slew’s to 270
8. Which of the following is true of tacan self test feature?
It does not check the antenna
9. Which of the following statements is true concerning NDB navigation?
The Ident should be monitored continuously during use.
10. Which of the following is true about your responsibilities as an instructor?
You are .......
11. Ceiling and visibility are below authorized minimums. Centerline lighting is available and RVR
of 8 and 10 are respectively available. A pilot may elect to T/O in which of the following
T/O Should not be attempted
12. Which of the following is true if you can’t make your proposed T/O time.
You should change your proposed T/O time to ensure your flight plan remains in the system
13. If you can’t make climb restriction on a SID, you may take off if you can meet which of the
If the visibility permits “see and Avoid”
14. If you are being radar vectored to final in IMC, which is the following can you expect?
You should intercept the final course at least 3 NM from the FAF at an intercept angle no
greater than 30
15. A circling approach must be designated when which of the following occurs?
When straight in criteria cannot be met
16. Can C & D circling approach radii are
1.7 and 2.3 NM
17. Increased responsibility means:
18.A broad mission focus can make a crew member more assertive.
19. A broad focus means the individual should have more background on process and a higher
tendency toward inquiry, flight team leadership and conflict resolution
19. Crewmembers who regularly interact with others might find it easier to assert themselves
20. To much knowledge can be bad in that it might include biases. Also too much knowledge can
21. Those fining it easy to offer criticism should probably be assertive with other messages
22. If possible give your full attention to the speaker(sender) during briefings . allow students to
make comments and ask questions.
23. Crewmembers are a diverse mix with different aviation experience levels
24. Failure to be assertive has killed many fliers
25. Use the checklist to follow/ monitor student performance
26. Train students to anticipate checklists and make timely responses
27. Certain distractions must be managed with checklists
28. Recovery procedures attitude in operation
- use bank to get nose down and level wings
-Add power to maintain airspeed
- Pull power off
- Pull back on yoke
29. Attitude indicators inoperative
-Confirm small bank or pitch changes, check instruments
- Climbing -power level flight
- Diving - Wings level, power back watch airspeed
30. Character of steep turns
-Greater than normal Angles of bank
- Less lift
- Increases stall speeds
- Add poser to hold airspeed
- Roll out using 1/3 bank angle as lead point
31. Altitude for stalls
5000 AGL or 5000 Above the clouds
32. Trim to no less than
1.4 times power off stall speed
33. Configuration for stalls:
Flaps 0%, 50 % or 100 %. Gear up or down. Gear has no effect on stall speed, but increased
drag can extend the time required for recovery
34. Recover from stall when:
1. Get stall Buffet, 2. RPM rolls back to 98%, 3. At stall speed
35. What are the conditions where a Fin stall would be possible
- A/S - Stall to 170 KIAS
- Left Rudder
- Right Aileron
36. During a fin stall
Nose will pitch UP
37. Fin Stall Recovery
- Neutralize Rudder May take 50-100 pounds pressure
- May miss identify Hardover Rudder as a fin Stall( Turn off Boost packs)
38. Equations involving compressibility and engine performance deal in temp rations that are
measured in K
39. Rt. seat considerations for takeoff
Take control as soon as possible (Rudder Authority at 35-70 Knots) Brief Transfer of aircraft
40. Fuel imbalance limits
Symmetrical 1000 LBS
41. G Limits
Clean 3.0 symmetrical 2.33 asymmetrical
flaps 2.0 symmetrical 1.5 asymmetrical
Studs must accept instructor before they will accept comments
Refers to instructors ability to adjust his method of critique the student, draw questions out.
Some will talk and others won’t
44. Functional characteristics of instructor
To improve student performance, provide constructive criticism/advise, provide direction
45. Reinforce learning: - Reinforce Instruction
- Clarify, emphasize and reiterate important and critical procedures
46. MAC Form 670 (MC FORM 21) initiated for:
Formal School, Command or unit indoctrination, spec mission upgrade, in unit upgrade to
next level, requalification following Q-3
47. On form 23 if the task is not observed
No entry is required
48. Training record
Make sure written and oral debriefing match. Accurate to performance communications
49. Mac Form 670 (MC FORM 21) is commonly referred to as
Aircrew Training Record.
50. On 3 engine take off:
Put inoperative engine downwind
51. Note that in the flight manual 3 engine t/a charts are limited to T/O ground run and climb out
flight path. data because Reference Speed and Critical Field Length can’t be determined precisely
PIN Units 5-7
As of Sept. 95
1. Your directions are to hold NE of XYZ VOR on 030 Radial
Holding pattern is NE of XYZ VOR
2. 1st step in unusual attitude is:
Verify the unusual attitude
3. During Approach to stall training do not trim to below:
1.4 V Stall
4. In a stall recovery:
Release back pressure and add Symmetric power
5. What is true about the effect of ground effect
It’s greatest reduction of drag is at lowest velocities
6. During a fin stall your first reaction in recovery is
Neutralize the rudder
7. What is the maximum symmetrical G limit
8. When you are required to deviate for weather avoidance you are required to inform ATC:
The status of your onboard Weather Radar
9. What is true of the first turn outbound during a procedure turn?
Turn in the shortest direction to the outbound heading
10. The C-130 landing gear is considered what for Weight bearing purposes
11. One problem associated with Instrument takeoffs is:
Instructor may have slow transition to instruments due to monitoring students performance
12. If during your planning you determine you can’t meet an altitude restriction on a SID
Do not file the SID
13. What is the definition of the chord line?
A straight line between the leading edge and trailing edge of a wing
14. Why is the property of Density important?
It indicates how much lift is in the air
15. How does the C-130 wing Stall?
From the wing root outboard
16. Increased G loading has what effect on stall speed?
17. Why do we practice approach to stalls?
For stall recognition and stall prevention
18. To recover from an approach to stall while turning:
Lower Nose, roll out of bank, add symmetrical power
21. During high drift situations airdrops normally are short. Why?
Incorrect call when abeam timing point.
23. During windmill taxi start you don’t get engine started. You may:
Keep airspeed at 100 KIAS until 4000 feet remaining
24. During a Fin stall as the sidslip angle increases
Rudder pressure will decrease
25. What is the airspeed to maintain during two engine operations?
26. What is a correct procedure while during 3 engine takeoffs
obtain two engine VMCA prior to retracting flaps above 15 %
28. What is a typical student mistake on an ILS approach
Will increase pitch to compensate for increased airspeed
29. What is a technique to tell your student during steep turns
Use ADI to maintain Bank
30. What is the most limiting factor during takeoff
31. Most important to tell student
Min. control speeds and asymmetric power
32. To avoid wing from upbending:
Fill fuel tanks 1 & 4 and external tanks
33. Why is the G meter not reliable?
Because it does not measure G forces over the entire aircraft
34. What would a good lead point be for roll out when using 45 of bank
35. The C-130 is capable of carrying ?
64 Airdrop troops or 74 Litters and 2 attendants
36. When you are airlifting Hazardous cargo and require additional equipment for cleanup:
Must be supplied by the Shipper
37. What is the first indication of a stall?
A minor buffet
38. During three engine operations you should
Fly in a slight skid to decrease drag
39. During a three engine takeoff why you must attain 5 of bank at lift off
To ensure VMCA is accurate
40. During a three engine take off
Maintain Centerline by coordinated use of flight controls
41. Why do you use fuel enrichment for windmill taxi starts
To get a faster start
42. Forward restraint provided by the left hand locks
43. During a two engine landing the aircraft will do what when you go to ground idle
Turn towards the good engines if not counteracted
44. What are the ramp tie down rings limits?
45. What is the maximum weight across the ramp without a “milkstool”
46. What is the minimum number of first aid kits
47. What is the maximum weight rating of the GBU-1B device with Nylon Strap
48. How many fire extinguishers are carried onboard the aircraft?
49. What is force perpendicular to the relative wind?
51. What is a disadvantage to area drops
You are vulnerable due to being at a slower speed longer
53. Before departing home station for a JA/ATT doing a personnel airdrops.
Ensure static line retrievers and air deflector doors work
54. What is the maximum load when using the Extraction Force Transfer Coupling (EFTC)
56. During a CDS drop your student is low and starts climbing at “Green Light”
Drop will be short due to decreased exit time
57. What is a major advantage of LAPES
It is extremely accurate
58. What is the maximum number of paratroopers when using the wedge?
59. During route study your student pulls out a JOG for a night vis route. What should you tell him?
A JOG is to detailed for use at night
60. Where do we find information on weather
PIN Units 5-7
As of Sept. 94
1. Pitch is Inversely proportional to:
2. 1 Bank angle for Each Degree of Turn to a Maximum of 30
3. What does it mean when an airfield is missing a :
It is not covered by the military NOTAM system
4. What publication has Weather Briefing Facilities listed?
Section C of Flight Information Handbook (FIH)
5. L NOTAMs :
Have no affect on instrument approaches
6. With Manual selected on Flight Director, Heading bug 270, & heading is 300 what bank angle
7. What is the climb restriction of a Civil Sid If not published?
200 Ft per NM
8. Your number two ADF fails. What are you required to do?
9. In the Mercedes Benz method of Holding:
Direction of Holding is in the Lower Portion
10. You are directed to Hold south East of the XYZ VOR on 130 radial:
The holding pattern is South East of the VORTAC
11. The aerodynamic forces and Moment Acting on an airfoil:
Are the result of the properties of the Air Mass the surface is operating in
12. Where do you find information on ILS GP/TCH?
On profile view of approach plate
13. Stagnation Point:
Static Pressure is at a maximum, while dynamic pressure is zero
14. The component parallel to the relative wind:
15. Definition of Stall:
When an increase of Angle of attack results in a decrease of lift
16. What flight controls remain effective in a stall?
Rudder and Ailerons
17. Stall develops faster with an increase of G
18. What is the first step in a Spin Recovery?
Reduce power to flight Idle
19. If Airspeed and altitude stable, Turn needle is deflected right and the compass is turning right
ADI shows straight and level flight which of the following is has occurred:
ADI has failed
20. Which of the following instruments would you instruct your students to use if verifying and
unusual attitude when ADI is inoperative?
Airspeed, Altimeter, VVI
21. When instructing steep turns, you should explain to your student:
Pitch, bank and power principles in level flight also apply during steep turns
22. What is a good lead point during turns
1/3 your bank angle
23. When should you stop trimming during approach to stall training
1.4 times power off stall speed
24. Under what circumstances are you most likely to encounter a fin stall?
Left rudder right sideslip
25. When a fin stall is progressing
Your nose will pitch up slightly
26. When approach to stall
Raise your nose to maintain altitude as you decrease airspeed 1 knot per second
27. The dash one give operational standards and normal operating guidelines
28. Who is the approving authority for no flap take-offs
29. What is the minimum airspeed during a base turn in two engine operations
30. During a windmill taxi start
You may maintain your airspeed at 100 KIAS until 4000 feet remaining
31. What is true of pattern altitude during two engine operations
160 KIAS is more important than holding perfect altitude.
32. During windmill taxi start do not begin moving asymmetric throttle
Until Student AC is off nosewheel steering
33. What is the purpose of putting more fuel in the 1 & 4 tank and externals
helps prevent wing unbending
34. What is the Maximum asymmetric flight loads
35. What is the maximum rate of sink for a 130,000 LB aircraft
36. When you are out of forward CG limits:
Land with no more than 50% flaps, use minimum brakes and Maximum reverse to stop
37. When doing a windmill taxi start
Set the asymmetric throttle to where it follows the torque
38. What is the maximum weight for a windmill taxi start?
39. What is important to brief during a windmill taxi start
How to determine when you have 4000 feet remaining
40. If you use less than full flight inputs with outboard engine inoperative
You will increase your ground roll
41. During three engine takeoff
retract your flaps 10% with each 5 knot increase in airspeed
42. If you initiate a three engine go around from below 200 AGL
Use all four engines for the go around
43. During a three engine landing
The aircraft will turn towards the two good engines when going to ground idle
44. What is the maximum weight across the ramp without support?
45. Snatch blocks are not used with aircraft winches
46. What are the ramp tie down rings rated to?
47. Treadways are rated for higher ramp loads
48. How much agent is in each fire bottle
19 LB at 600 PSI
49. What doe the master door light shutoff switch do?
Resets the Master warning light
50. How many first aid kits are on the aircraft
provisions for 23.
51. What is a variable we have in airdrop
Pilot has no control of individual parachute glide angle
52. What is the safety zone for personnel airdrops
200 yards up to 1000 AGL
53. What is the standard forward travel distance (FTD) for a HE drop
54. What is true about low altitude flight over water.
Altitude is difficult to judge
55. Apply drift corrections early on the Run in
56. A hung trooper could be knocked unconscious prior to release
57. Never mix G-11A & G-11B parachutes
58. The buffer stop assembly provides:
three G’s of forward restraint
59. A Wedge airdrop is limited to:
60. What scenario is HALO best for
Low threat clandestine operations
As of Oct. 94
1. Attitude that says “It can’t happen to me is called
2. Problem solving is
Systematic solution process
3. Primary concern in flight management
4. What is the primary consideration when determining tactics
Nature of the threat
5. Briefing fundamental
Accuracy, brevity, clarity
6. If assumptions are made:
They must be identified
7. Conclusion should be:
Short and positive
8. Instructor pitfall:
Students are unwilling to say they don’t understand
9. Characteristic that allows instructor to adjust to student
10. written critique should include
Main points of oral critique and student performance
11. Oral and written critiques must be
12. Training folder must be initiated for:
Formal school, Theater indoctrination, special qualifications, in unit upgrade, requalification
13. Leaving an item blank on an individual grade record or bubble sheet indicates
Task not completely observed
14. Technique for managing heading
Use 1 of bank for each degree of turn 30 Max
15. Information on filing , clothing requirements, customs procedures is found in
Foreign Clearance guide
16. What is Max effort Minimum flap retraction speed?
Obstacle clearance + 10 Kts
17. When is an instrument takeoff made:
Anytime a rapid transition from visual to instrument reference is required
18. Civil SIDS assume a climb rate of
200 Feet per NAUTICAL MILE
19. Single drift corrections to holding:
Require you to shallow turn into wind and steepen turn downwind 1 per of drift
20. Most important factor when turning from an arc to radial:
21. Altitude that corresponds to a particular pressure on a standard day:
22. To recover from a stall:
By reducing back pressure
23. If a fin stall is encountered and a Hardover rudder is suspected:
Verify condition and turn off hydraulic isolation switches
24. What is an important consideration when doing steep turns
Stall speed increases as bank increases
25. Minimum runway for a safe take-off according to the -1:
Critical Field length
26. What flap setting do you use when landing out of CG limits Forward:
27. Consideration for windmill taxi start:
Put engine to be started downwind
28. Maximum gross weight for windmill taxi start
29. Maximum load on ramp
30. What is the power source for ELT
Own independent battery
31. Which is a physiological stress
As of Oct 95
1. The following statement concerns deviations from written policy:
Under some circumstances a purposeful departure from policy can be justified
2. Crewmembers are taught to determine whether they are prepared to fly by:
Using the I’m Safe checklist
3. Your excessive hospitality to other personnel can cause you to lose Situational awareness
4. . Fig 2.9 &2.10 in AFI 11-C130
5. Situations can change your views of who hold responsibility for specific aspect of mission
6. Constructive criticism is every crewmember’s responsibility
7. Effective communication begins with listening
8. One problem new instructors must overcome:
9. Except exempted by regulation an IP must be in seat:
Anytime at discretion of IP
10. Instructors who reveal deficiencies in their ability to instruct:
May be used in their basic crew position, provided the deficiency does not involve basic
11. What is one way to break the error chain?
Searching for other bad decisions
12. Cockpit Resource Management:
Is procedure and must be taught that way
13. How much time does someone have to complete checkride corrective action
14. What is true about no notice checkrides
No Notice checkrides distributed evenly among crew positions
15. Outstanding performance equals what on forms:
16. Pilot judgment is applied to :
Pilot/ aircraft/ environment
17. What is one result of Standard Cockpit Operating Procedures?
Takes out the human element
18. What is true about stress in the aircraft?
Some stress may increase performance
19. What is the backbone of flying training
The Local Proficiency sortie
20. Situational Awareness is born of
Knowledge of threat and application of mission
21. The most difficult briefing item for an instructor to learn is
22. A good formation briefing contains
23. When briefing a student
24. Briefing objectivity is
25. Why should you Always avoid Absolutes in briefing :
To avoid having to redefine your position
26. Feedback should be specific
27. What is the purpose of the the training form MC FORM 22:
records student deficiency
28. The most important function of the training folder is:
The IP reviews comments from Previous IP’s
29. A common mistake in evaluating student instrument performance is
To assume the student is fixating on control instruments
30. What NOTAMs affect instrument approaches
31. When given clearance in flight that includes an altitude:
Read back clearance in the same order as given
32. When determining a descent point from altitude
Takes all sorts of variables into account
33. No turn direction given for holding assumes
Standard Right hand turns
34. ICAO holding patterns assume
25 of bank
35. What is used to compute aircraft performance
36. TAS is EAS corrected for:
37. Obtain 2 engine VMCA prior to moving flaps to less than
15 % flaps
38. Airspeed for 2 engine downwind, base, final>
160 (minimum) /160/ 150 or approach whichever higher
39. 1st step in recognizing unusual attitude:
Verify using control and performance instruments
40. Stall speed and bank angle are
41. What is a good leadpoint to use to roll out in steep turns
1/3 of bank angle
42. What is true of practicing Fin stalls
Fin stalls are performed only in the simulator
43. The first step in a fin stall recover is
Return rudder to neutral
44. Operational No flap takeoffs require
Higher Headquarters approval
45. During two engine landing when coming into ground idle
Aircraft will turn towards operating engines
46. If practicing 3 engine approaches and aircraft is not in a safe position to land
BY 200 feet AGL go around using all four engines
47. Left hand rails have
10000 lb. aft restraint
48. Definition of Critical Engine Failure speed
The maximum speed at which if you lose an engine you can either stop or accelerate to T.O.
Speed in the same distance
49. There are areas in the cargo compartment stressed for trucks. These are shown by:
50. Minimum number of first aid kits on aircraft
51. What is the first step when planning a tactical mission
52. After the intellegence gatherering step you should plan the route and tactics by:
Avoiding the threat
53. Where does a good run in to the DZ begin
Prior to the IP
54. 1st item to determine in personnel airdrop
55. When the threat is SA7/14 in the objective area
Use a random shallow approach
56. Students tend to do what over the DZ during a CDS Drop
57. You can wedge drop a maximum of:
Six door bundles
58. Critical element in jumpmaster directed release
Communication between pilot and jumpmaster
59. Biggest difference between high and low altitude airdrops
Physical demands are greater up high
60. Most critical problem in area drops
Extended period at drop airspeed and altitude