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									                                               The Pipeline
  Volume 17 Issue 10                       A. Shaikh, M. Kettner, Co-Editors           December 2010
          NEWSLETTER OF THE EAST TENNESSEE SECTION OF AIChE
Local section website                                                                 Local section mailing address
http://www.tnengineering.net/AICHE/                                           PO Box 7448 Kingsport, TN 37664-7448




                                  Message from the Chair
                                               Paul E. Fanning

As we approach the end of another calendar year, we also approach the end of the terms for the 2010 Local
Section Officers as well as one Director position. It certainly has been my privilege to serve as Chair of the East
Tennessee Local Section and work with such a fine group of volunteers.

A major (probably THE major) accomplishment, and highlight of my term as Chair was the successful hosting of
the Leadership Development Conference (LDC), right here in Kingsport, TN. We most definitely can be proud of
the job the Local Section Officers, Directors, and volunteers did at organizing and hosting this event. I’d go so far
to say that we’ve set a new standard for hosting an LDC.

This has been my second round of service as Chair of a local section. My previous Chair experience was with the
New Orleans Local Section. During each term, I’ve developed and grown personally and professionally, making
new acquaintances and life-long friends. When all is said and done, the value I’ve receive from serving in this
capacity certainly makes the investment of time, talent, and treasure well worth the sacrifices. I’d strongly
encourage anyone having such service inclinations to go ahead and make a similar investment. I’m convinced
you’ll come to the same conclusion as I did about the worthiness of this type of volunteer service.

On behalf of the Local Section membership, let me extend my sincere appreciation to Rich Berg and Dustin
Tremaine for their dedicated service as 2010 Secretary and Treasurer, respectively, and to Burts Compton for his
service as Director. Each has done a fabulous job executing the duties of his position, and I wish them well in
their future endeavors. I have every confidence that Patrice Riesenberg will do a great job leading the Local
Section as the 2011 Chair, and I trust you share this same confidence. We have a strong slate of candidates for
the Secretary, Treasurer, and Vice-Chair roles as well as the one open Director position, and so I’m equally
confident in the strong Local Section leadership that will guide the East Tennessee Local Section in the future.
Although my term as Chair is ending, my desire to serve the Local Section still remains. I’m looking forward to
continued involvement with the Local Section and hope to interact with and learn even more from existing and
new volunteers. I can’ wait to see what the future holds.
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                                    2011 Elections Update
                                               Paul E. Fanning
Well, as the saying goes, “The best laid plans of mice and men….” The good news regarding the 2011 election is
that we have a strong nominee slate consisting of: Vice Chair, Stephen Miller; Secretary, Rebecca Glaspie and
Heather McNabb; Treasurer, Mark Shelton and Braxton Sluder; and Director, Richard Colberg and Mark
Harrison. The bad news is that the ballots were inadvertently disseminated using the combined members and
non-members distribution list, but our policy stipulates that ballots from only Local Section members who are
AIChE National members will be counted. Here are key excerpts from the content of the note that has been
distributed by our Secretary, Rich Berg:

       The 2011 AIChE officer elections require a re-vote.
       Only AIChE members have voting privileges.
       As an AIChE member, even if you have already voted, please RE-VOTE using ONLY the revised ballot.
       The closing date has been extended to Friday, December 17.
       The votes from the revised ballots will be tallied and the newly elected 2011 Officers and Director
        announced on Monday, 12/20, via email.
       Again, print out the hard copy ballot and mail according to instructions on the ballot.

We apologize for this inconvenience but are confident that the steps outlined above are appropriate to address this
issue and ensure the integrity of the voting process.
Eligible voters, please take the time to submit (or resubmit) a ballot. Your participation is an essential element in
the success of the election process. This is one way for you to influence the future direction of our Local Section.
So, let your voice be heard!
____________________________________________________________________________________

                        Solicitation for Company contacts
                                                    Rich Berg

In an effort to improve the channels of communication within our Local Section, we would like to assemble a
company contact list. This list will include companies employing chemical engineers within our Local Section,
along with a name and contact information (email address and phone number) of the primary company contact for
AIChE-related items.

        Do you work at a company not named Eastman or Nuclear Fuel Services?
        Does at least one other chemical engineer work at your company?

If the answers to these questions are “yes”, then we certainly would encourage you to volunteer to be a designated
company contact. As the “focal point” for AIChE at your business, you could assist us in disseminating current,
targeted information within your company as well as to other chemical engineers in the NE Tennessee/SW
Virginia/WNC region. These duties could include:

    1) Informing us about new engineers at your company so that we can make sure they are included in our
       electronic distribution list
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    2) Encouraging chemical engineers at your company to participate in our Local Section meetings (typically
       lunch time seminars), either in person or via a remote link
    3) Hosting/coordinating a tour or other AIChE event at your place of employment

The expected time commitment for this is pretty minimal, but it can be as involved as you wish to make it, and
you would be providing a valuable service to our Local Section. If you would like to volunteer to be a company
contact, or you would like more information about becoming a company contact, please feel free to contact our
Secretary, Rich Berg (423-229-7393, rberg@eastman.com) or Chair, Paul Fanning (423-229-8500,
pfanning@eastman.com). Thanks much for your interest in AIChE, and thanks to Braxton Sluder (BAE) and
Rhonda Smith (Domtar), our first company contacts!
____________________________________________________________________________________


                            November Program Summary
                                                   Tim Nolen

Who: Elaine Zoeller, Senior Technical Associate, Health, Safety, Environment, and Security, Eastman Chemical
Company
What: EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases
When: November 16, 2010

Elaine Zoeller, Senior Technical Associate in Eastman’s Health, Safety, Environment, and Security group,
discussed the looming regulation of greenhouse gas emissions by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

For the past 40 years, rules for criteria pollutants written under the Clean Air Act have resulted in improved air
quality in the United States. Starting January 2, 2011, in the absence of climate change legislation, the EPA will
begin using provisions of the CAA to regulate greenhouse gases (GHG), a previously unregulated pollutant
category.

The new regulations apply to carbon dioxide, but also other greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide, methane,
hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. However, it is carbon dioxide which is the
biggest challenge due to the extraordinary volume of emissions. For example, CO2 emissions at the John Sevier
Fossil plant in 2008 (700 MWe) were 27,000 tons of SO2, 8,000 tons of NO2, but 3,700,000 tons of CO2.
Another challenge is that, unlike the other “priority pollutants,” CO2 is a world-wide phenomenon so that
reducing emissions in the U.S. will have a small effect on climate change unless all major emitting countries
follow. A third challenge is that add on controls which work for priority pollutants such as SO2 are much less
practical (more costly) for CO2.

The Clean Air Act was passed by Congress (last amended in 1990), then detailed rules were written by the EPA,
modified through lawsuits in the federal courts, and finally administered by the individual states. Greenhouse
gases were never envisioned to be regulated under the act, but the Supreme Court ruled in Massachusetts vs. EPA
(2007) that GHGs meet the definition of an air pollutant and that the EPA can regulate if they are determined to
endanger human health and the environment. In the absence of a new act of Congress, it now appears that EPA
will be forced to regulate GHGs as EPA has found GHGs to endanger.

The CAA specifies that stationary sources (such as manufacturing plants) of pollutants should be regulated when
emissions potential exceeds 100 tons/yr. However, with GHGs, the EPA directed that a “tailoring rule” be used to
initially limit applicability to facilities of 100,000 tons/yr or more because of “absurd results, administrative
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necessity, and the one-step-at-a-time doctrine.” So, beginning on January 2, 2011, facilities already subject to
PSD or modifications of facilities with a 75,000 ton/yr increase in GHG emissions will be subject to consideration
of GHGs to receive a permit. On July 7, 2011, all new facilities with 100,000 ton/yr of GHG emissions will
require consideration of GHGs for a new permit. Over time, EPA intends to rachet down these limits to cover
smaller facilities.

Under PSD (prevention of significant deterioration) rules, new permits will be required to use “best available
control technology” (BACT) and can involve lengthy negotiation and/or lawsuits. For GHGs, BACT is not well
defined yet, but conventional coal plants are not likely to be permitted without some advanced technologies.
Measures to achieve high efficiency will at least be required. It is also possible that the EPA will be forced to
develop and apply new source performance standards (NSPS) for new and modified sources, but it is not clear
what these would be. The most troubling use of the CAA for GHGs would be if a national ambient air quality
standard (NAAQS) is adopted for carbon dioxide. If so, the whole U.S. could be considered “nonattainment”,
which would force controls and reductions in emissions over time.

In conclusion, the regulation of GHGs by EPA will begin quickly, but lawsuits and lack of clarity make it difficult
to predict the full range of consequences. In the short term, the process is manageable, but in the long term,
uncertainties and increasingly stringent BACT make the potential consequences more difficult for U.S. industries.
However, all sides agree that a new law written for greenhouse gases is a more appropriate approach than using
the Clean Air Act, although Congress is clearly unlikely to act in the short term.



                           Upcoming December Program
                                             Patrice Riesenberg
Emergency Response Leadership: Out of the Frying Pan and into the Fire!

Tuesday, December 7, 11:30am to 1pm in the B150 Multimedia Room.

                                                     Abstract

Leadership during true acute emergency situations (fires, explosions, chemical releases, and natural disasters)
goes far beyond the immediate Incident Command structure. Emergency response might not seem to involve
leadership at all, but can make the all the difference between a distraction and a disaster.

                                               About the Speaker




Peter Lodal is a Technical Fellow and group leader of the Plant Protection Technical Services group at Eastman
Chemical’s site in Kingsport, TN. He has been with Eastman in various positions for more than 32 years, 17 years
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in process engineering, and the past 15+ years in process safety and loss prevention. He is Eastman’s
representative to the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) Technical Steering Committee, is the chair of
the CCPS Planning committee, and is the past chair of the Reactivity Management Roundtable (RMR). Pete
chairs the Process Safety Subteam for the American Chemistry Council (ACC), and serves on the International
Editorial Board for the Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. Pete is the author or co-author of
over 20 papers and publications, a Fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) and a Fellow
of the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS). He is a past Director of his local AIChE section (East
Tennessee), and is the 2010 Chair of AIChE’s Safety and Health division. Pete holds BS and MS degrees in
Chemical Engineering from Purdue University, and is a registered Professional Engineer in the state of
Tennessee.

___________________________________________________________________________________________



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against breast cancer. Liberty Mutual will contribute $5 for each quote to the Susan G. Komen Foundation

____________________________________________________________________________________




                       Calendar of upcoming events

Several great programs are planned for the upcoming programming year. Topics include:


       Emergency Response Leadership: Out of the Frying Pan and into the Fire!, Pete Lodal, 12/07/10
       Dealing with Difficult People, Mark Hecht, 01/20/11
       Heat Transfer Basics, Brad Killen, 02/22/11
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Keep Up With the Local Section Online
Up-to-date information about the East Tennessee Section of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers can be
found on our website (www.tnengineering.net/AICHE). The website includes the Local Section Bylaws, List of
Officers from 1945 to present, and an archive of Pipeline Newsletters - to mention only a few aspects of the
information covered. Photos from past events can be found, along with contact information for the Local Board.
Review the site occasionally and keep up with the local section!
____________________________________________________________________________________

2010 Local Section Officers, Directors, & Support Staff
Chair:                                                 Paul Fanning                         229-8500
Chair-Elect and Program Committee Chair:               Patrice Riesenberg                   229-8980
Secretary:                                             Rich Berg                            229-7393
Treasurer:                                             Dustin Tremaine                      229-4698
Directors:                                             Burts Compton                        229-8526
                                                       Jennifer Mize                        224-7018
                                                       Lauren Moyer                         229-2208
Local Section Webmaster:                               Tim Nolen                            229-8287
Short-Course Coordinator:                              Mark Shelton                         229-4753
Professional Development Coordinator:                  Joe Parker                           229-3850
AIChE Pipeline Newsletter Co-Editors:                  Ashfaq Shaikh/Mark Kettner           229-8840
ETEAC Representative:                                  Joey Watson                          229-6486
____________________________________________________________________________________
American Institute of Chemical Engineers
PO Box 7448
Kingsport, Tennessee 37664-7448

								
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