The Declaration of Independence - Download as PowerPoint by Vi91bie8

VIEWS: 21 PAGES: 39

									The Declaration of
  Independence
   What philosophical
  movement occurred in
Europe during the 17th and
     18th centuries?


• The Enlightenment
What new ideas developed in
     Europe during the
      Enlightenment?


• Ideas about the rights of
  people and their relationship
  to their rulers
     What 17th century
   philosopher led the
  British Enlightenment?


• John Locke
Whose ideas influenced the
American colonists’ belief
  in self-government?


• John Locke
  What “natural rights” did
  Locke believe all people
        possessed?

• Life
• Liberty
• Property
 What did Locke mean by the
  term “social contract”?

• The people voluntarily agree
  among themselves to form a
  government to protect their
  rights.
• The people promise to obey the
  laws made by this government.
 According to Locke, how
  were the government’s
     powers limited?

• Limited to those powers
  which the people decided to
  give the government
According to Locke, whenever
government becomes a threat
to the people’s natural rights,
   what right do the people
            have?


• The right to change or
  overthrow the government
  How were John Locke’s
 ideas radical or extreme?


• Challenged the idea of
  dictatorial rule by kings
     When did colonial
 resistance against British
    rule reach a climax?

• When the Continental
  Congress adopted The
  Declaration of Independence
    What types of ideas
       inspired the
   American Revolution?
• Ideas about natural rights
• Ideas about political
  (governmental) authority
What pamphlet did Thomas
 Paine publish in 1776?


•Common Sense
   What did Common
   Sense challenge?

• The rule of the American
  colonies by the King of
  England
 What was the effect of
  the publication of
  Common Sense?

• A growing American
  desire for independence
  from England
  When did the Continental
    Congress adopt The
Declaration of Independence?


• July 4, 1776
 Who wrote the final draft of
   The Declaration of
    Independence?

•Thomas Jefferson
  Whose ideas did Thomas
 Jefferson borrow, when he
  wrote The Declaration of
       Independence?

• Thomas Paine and
• John Locke
  Who wrote that all men
  have the right to “life,
  liberty and property”?

• John Locke
Who wrote that all men have
the right to “life, liberty, and
 the pursuit of happiness”?


• Thomas Jefferson
   What ideas did Thomas
   Jefferson borrow from
       Thomas Paine?
• Grievances against the King
• In other words, the ways
  King George III had
  mistreated the American
  colonists
    What two realities of
    American life in 1776
conflicted with the promise of
equality in The Declaration of
        Independence?
• 1) African-American slavery
• 2) Most Americans could not
  vote in 1776
  How has the United
  States expressed its
search for equality since
         1776?

• By the right to vote
  What has been a major
theme in American history
       since 1776?

• Expansion of
  democracy
 How has the United States
 expanded the right to vote
       since 1776?
• From only adult white males
  who owned property and
  belonged to a particular
  church to all Americans who
  were at least 18 years-old
 What two constitutional
 amendments guarantee
  due process of law?

• The
    5th  Amendment
• The 14th Amendment
What two things does the
  right of due process
       guarantee?
• That a person accused of
  a crime receives a fair trial
• That the state does not
  take away a person’s life,
  liberty, or property
  without following proper
  procedures
  As part of the United States’
search for equality, what right do
   all fifty states guarantee to
        America’s children?


• The right to a free public
  education
In what two ways have the
   key principles of The
      Declaration of
 Independence increased
   liberty for American
        minorities?
• Ending African-American
  slavery by the 13th
  Amendment
• Giving civil rights to
  American minorities
  What did “the pursuit of
  happiness” mean for the
 Revolutionary generation?

• The chance to benefit
  from America’s free
  enterprise system
  With what belief of John
Locke did Jefferson equate
“the pursuit of happiness”?

• The belief in property
  rights
What are all Americans
supposed to possess a
  chance to achieve?

• Financial success
  through hard work
    What principles have
 become the unifying ideas
  of American democracy?

• The key ideas of The
  Declaration of Independence
In what three ways has the
 U.S. government followed
    the principles of The
       Declaration of
  Independence as a road
   map for the American
          republic?
• Given more people the right
  to vote
• Provided equality of
  opportunity to all Americans
• Guaranteed all Americans
  “unalienable rights”
 What term means the
    right to vote?

• The franchise
   What does the term
“unalienable rights” mean?

• Rights that cannot be
  given away or taken away

								
To top