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					Assignment 2: Representing Data                                                          June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                                                              IDIA 614




How Static Are U2 Set Lists?
Visualizing Data Across the Four U2 Tours

Introduction

One of the most common discussion topics in the U2 fan community is the variability, or
perceived lack thereof, of U2's touring set lists. It is felt that certain songs seem to have become
"sacred” to the band, and are played at every show. The fan debate is whether some of these
songs have grown tired and need to be rested, or whether some of them really do need to be
played because the casual fan expects to hear them at the one show they attend. Many active
participants in online U2 communities attend multiple shows on each tour, and follow set lists
and fan reports for each show closely. They have developed strong opinions on set lists, but are
fans’ opinions backed up by actual statistics?

Using statistics from http://www.u2gigs.com/, which has compiled data covering U2's entire
touring history; I decided to see if visualizing the data would help answer the questions over how
static U2 set lists have been, and if certain songs really are played at every show.

Methodology

This visualization is concentrated on the last four tours due to the lack of complete statistics
available for tours prior to the Zoo tour in 1992-1993. I began with the raw numbers for each
tour (Appendix B), and removed cover songs, which represent an insignificant percentage of set
lists. Each tour varies in length, so to normalize the data across tours, the number of times each
song was played was converted to a percentage. I then listed each unique U2 song played on
each tour in order of percentage of times played, coloring the cell of each song in the 90-100%
range (Appendix C) to highlight the songs played at nearly every show. U2 does vary their
“standard” set list for each region of the world, so when looking at data across an entire tour, the
90-99% songs cover songs that may have been 100% only in certain regions.

To address the question of whether certain songs are mainstays on each tour, I broke the songs in
the 90-100% range down into “current” and “catalog” songs. “Current” songs are defined as
songs for the album driving the tour and non-album songs that were released after the prior tour
ended. “Catalog” songs are those which were played, or available to be played, on prior tours.
The resulting numbers are as follows:

Zoo Tour (1992-1993)                                Popmart Tour (1997-1998)
Albums: Achtung Baby, Zooropa                       Album: Pop
37 unique songs                                     33 unique songs
13 mainstays                                        18 mainstays
6 catalog                                           6 catalog



                                             Page 1 of 11
Assignment 2: Representing Data                                                       June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                                                           IDIA 614

Elevation Tour (2001)                             Vertigo Tour (1995-1996)
Album: All That You Can't Leave Behind            Album: How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
41 unique songs                                   51 unique songs
10 mainstays                                      11 mainstays
5 catalog                                         6 catalog


Data Visualization

The chart (Figure 1) is meant to evoke the idea of lights showing levels on an equalizer, which is
standard equipment for live music. Each rectangle represents a unique U2 song. Solid red
represents catalog songs played 90-100% of the time. Adding the song title to each of these
rectangles, and ordering them so that the most common of the most common are displayed in the
same order, makes it easy to see which songs really are “always” played across tours. The light
red rectangles represent the current songs which make up the rest of the 90-100% range. The
blue rectangles represent the rest of the songs in descending percentage order. If this were
converted to an interactive display, mousing or clicking on each rectangle would show the name
of the song and its percentage on the tour. The vertical grey dashed line at the 22 song mark
denotes the length of an average set list. At a glance, it is possible to see which tours had more
room for set list flexibility.




                                             Figure 1




                                           Page 2 of 11
Assignment 2: Representing Data                  June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                      IDIA 614

Appendix A – Full Size Chart




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Assignment 2: Representing Data                  June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                      IDIA 614




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                                  Page 4 of 11
Assignment 2: Representing Data                                                  June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                                                      IDIA 614

Appendix B - Raw Data from http://www.u2gigs.com/

Showing details for U2's ZOO TV Tour


· ZOO TV 1st leg: North America (32 shows)
· ZOO TV 2nd leg: Europe (25 shows)
· ZOO TV 3rd leg: Outside Broadcast (47 shows)
· ZOO TV 4th leg: Zooropa (44 shows)
· ZOO TV 5th leg: Zoomerang / New Zooland / Japan (10 shows)


We found 54 different songs played during 158 shows. Snippets are not counted.

· Pride (In The Name Of Love) (159 times played)
· Bullet The Blue Sky (158 times played)
· Even Better Than The Real Thing (158 times played)
· Mysterious Ways (158 times played)
· One (158 times played)
· Running To Stand Still (158 times played)
· The Fly (158 times played)
· Where The Streets Have No Name (158 times played)
· Zoo Station (158 times played)
· Until The End Of The World (157 times played)
· Love Is Blindness (154 times played)
· With Or Without You (153 times played)
· Angel Of Harlem (152 times played)
· Satellite Of Love (145 times played)
· Desire (141 times played)
· Tryin' To Throw Your Arms Around The World (137 times played)
· Ultra Violet (Light My Way) (111 times played)
· I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For (105 times played)
· Bad (104 times played)
· New Year's Day (100 times played)
· Can't Help Falling In Love (86 times played)
· When Love Comes To Town (79 times played)
· Who's Gonna Ride Your Wild Horses (63 times played)
· Stand By Me (46 times played)
· Sunday Bloody Sunday (40 times played)
· Numb (32 times played)
· Dancing Queen (31 times played)
· Dirty Old Town (30 times played)
· Stay (Faraway, So Close!) (23 times played)
· Wild Rover (17 times played)
· All I Want Is You (16 times played)
· Redemption Song (16 times played)
· Daddy's Gonna Pay For Your Crashed Car (10 times played)
· Dirty Day (10 times played)
· I Will Follow (10 times played)
· Lemon (10 times played)
· Whiskey In The Jar (9 times played)
· Slow Dancing (6 times played)
· Van Diemen's Land (6 times played)
· Babyface (5 times played)
· Party Girl (4 times played)
· Happy Birthday (3 times played)
· So Cruel (3 times played)
· Zooropa (3 times played)
· Knockin' On Heaven's Door (2 times played)
· New York, New York (2 times played)


                                                       Page 5 of 11
Assignment 2: Representing Data                                                     June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                                                         IDIA 614

· Are You Lonesome Tonight (1 time played)
· Dear Prudence (1 time played)
· La Bamba (1 time played)
· Lost Highway (1 time played)
· She's A Mystery To Me (1 time played)
· Spanish Eyes (1 time played)
· Suspicious Minds (1 time played)
· We Will Rock You (1 time played)

Songs from 10 U2 albums have been played during that tour (snippets not counted).

· Cover songs (17 songs)
· Achtung Baby (11 songs)
· Zooropa (7 songs)
· Rattle And Hum (5 songs)
· The Joshua Tree (5 songs)
· B-Sides (3 songs)
· The Unforgettable Fire (2 songs)
· War (2 songs)
· Boy (1 song)
· Unreleased Songs (1 song)



Showing details for U2's Popmart Tour


· Popmart 1st leg: North America (30 shows)
· Popmart 2nd leg: Europe (32 shows)
· Popmart 3rd leg: North America (17 shows)
· Popmart 4th leg: Rest of The World (15 shows)


We found 55 different songs played during 94 shows. Snippets are not counted.

· Staring At The Sun (95 times played)
· Bullet The Blue Sky (93 times played)
· Discothèque (93 times played)
· Even Better Than The Real Thing (93 times played)
· Gone (93 times played)
· Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me (93 times played)
· I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For (93 times played)
· I Will Follow (93 times played)
· Last Night On Earth (93 times played)
· Mofo (93 times played)
· Mysterious Ways (93 times played)
· One (93 times played)
· Please (93 times played)
· Pride (In The Name Of Love) (93 times played)
· Until The End Of The World (93 times played)
· Where The Streets Have No Name (93 times played)
· With Or Without You (93 times played)
· If You Wear That Velvet Dress (90 times played)
· New Year's Day (68 times played)
· Miami (62 times played)
· All I Want Is You (58 times played)
· Sunday Bloody Sunday (33 times played)
· Daydream Believer (Edge Karaoke) (27 times played)
· If God Will Send His Angels (23 times played)
· Unchained Melody (23 times played)
· Wake Up Dead Man (22 times played)
· MLK (19 times played)


                                                        Page 6 of 11
Assignment 2: Representing Data                                                              June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                                                                  IDIA 614

· Desire (12 times played)
· Bad (9 times played)
· Do You Feel Loved? (6 times played)
· Rain (6 times played)
· Suspicious Minds (Edge Karaoke) (6 times played)
· Sweet Caroline (Edge Karaoke) (6 times played)
· Hallelujah (5 times played)
· 40 (4 times played)
· Mothers Of The Disappeared (4 times played)
· Born To Be Wild (Edge Karaoke) (3 times played)
· Sugar Sugar (Edge Karaoke) (3 times played)
· Can't Help Falling In Love (2 times played)
· Radar Love (Edge Karaoke) (2 times played)
· Singing In The Rain (Edge Karaoke) (2 times played)
· Slow Dancing (2 times played)
· Volare (Edge Karaoke) (2 times played)
· All Kinds Of Everything (Edge Karaoke) (1 time played)
· Dancing Queen (1 time played)
· I Love You Love (Edge Karaoke) (1 time played)
· It's Not Unusual (1 time played)
· Macarena (Edge Karaoke) (1 time played)
· Miss Sarajevo (1 time played)
· New York, New York (1 time played)
· Sailing (Edge Karaoke) (1 time played)
· San Francisco (Be Sure To Wear Some Flowers In Your Hair) (Edge Karaoke) (1 time played)
· She's A Mystery To Me (1 time played)
· Stand By Me (1 time played)
· Whiskey In The Jar (Edge Karaoke) (1 time played)

Songs from 11 U2 albums have been played during that tour (snippets not counted).

· Cover songs (22 songs)
· Pop (11 songs)
· The Joshua Tree (5 songs)
· Achtung Baby (4 songs)
· The Unforgettable Fire (3 songs)
· War (3 songs)
· Non-album songs (2 songs)
· Rattle And Hum (2 songs)
· B-Sides (1 song)
· Boy (1 song)
· Unreleased Songs (1 song)


Showing details for U2's Elevation Tour


· Elevation Tour 1st leg: North America (50 shows)
· Elevation Tour 2nd leg: Europe (33 shows)
· Elevation Tour 3rd leg: North America (30 shows)


We found 51 different songs played during 113 shows. Snippets are not counted.

· Beautiful Day (113 times played)
· Elevation (113 times played)
· One (113 times played)
· Stuck In A Moment You Can't Get Out Of (113 times played)
· Sunday Bloody Sunday (113 times played)
· Where The Streets Have No Name (113 times played)
· Bullet The Blue Sky (112 times played)
· Until The End Of The World (112 times played)


                                                       Page 7 of 11
Assignment 2: Representing Data                                                     June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                                                         IDIA 614

· Walk On (112 times played)
· New York (110 times played)
· Kite (98 times played)
· Mysterious Ways (88 times played)
· Pride (In The Name Of Love) (87 times played)
· With Or Without You (85 times played)
· Bad (81 times played)
· New Year's Day (80 times played)
· I Will Follow (73 times played)
· The Fly (68 times played)
· In A Little While (59 times played)
· Desire (53 times played)
· Gone (51 times played)
· Stay (Faraway, So Close!) (48 times played)
· Out Of Control (36 times played)
· All I Want Is You (31 times played)
· I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For (30 times played)
· What's Going On (30 times played)
· Sweetest Thing (29 times played)
· Angel Of Harlem (28 times played)
· The Ground Beneath Her Feet (25 times played)
· Please (23 times played)
· Wake Up Dead Man (23 times played)
· Discothèque (18 times played)
· Staring At The Sun (16 times played)
· Wild Honey (11 times played)
· Even Better Than The Real Thing (10 times played)
· I Remember You (10 times played)
· People Get Ready (8 times played)
· 11 O'Clock Tick Tock (7 times played)
· Knockin' On Heaven's Door (4 times played)
· Party Girl (4 times played)
· Happy Birthday (3 times played)
· In God's Country (3 times played)
· Peace On Earth (3 times played)
· A Sort Of Homecoming (2 times played)
· My Sweet Lord (2 times played)
· Slow Dancing (2 times played)
· All Along The Watchtower (1 time played)
· Dancing In The Moonlight (1 time played)
· I Shall Be Released (1 time played)
· Spanish Eyes (1 time played)
· We Love You (1 time played)

Songs from 13 U2 albums have been played during that tour (snippets not counted).

· All That You Can't Leave Behind (9 songs)
· Cover songs (9 songs)
· Achtung Baby (5 songs)
· Pop (5 songs)
· The Joshua Tree (5 songs)
· B-Sides (4 songs)
· Rattle And Hum (3 songs)
· The Unforgettable Fire (3 songs)
· Boy (2 songs)
· Non-album songs (2 songs)
· War (2 songs)
· Unreleased Songs (1 song)
· Zooropa (1 song)




                                                        Page 8 of 11
Assignment 2: Representing Data                                                  June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                                                      IDIA 614



Showing details for U2's Vertigo Tour


· Vertigo Tour 1st leg: North America (29 shows)
· Vertigo Tour 2nd leg: Europe (32 shows)
· Vertigo Tour 3rd leg: North America (50 shows)
· Vertigo Tour 4th leg: Latin America (8 shows)
· Vertigo Tour 5th leg: The Pacific (13 shows)


We found 60 different songs played during 132 shows. Snippets are not counted.

· Vertigo (171 times played)
· Beautiful Day (132 times played)
· Bullet The Blue Sky (132 times played)
· City Of Blinding Lights (132 times played)
· Elevation (132 times played)
· One (132 times played)
· Pride (In The Name Of Love) (132 times played)
· Sometimes You Can't Make It On Your Own (132 times played)
· Where The Streets Have No Name (132 times played)
· Sunday Bloody Sunday (131 times played)
· Love And Peace Or Else (128 times played)
· With Or Without You (104 times played)
· All Because Of You (97 times played)
· Yahweh (97 times played)
· Miracle Drug (93 times played)
· I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For (91 times played)
· The Fly (90 times played)
· Miss Sarajevo (85 times played)
· The Electric Co. (77 times played)
· Zoo Station (70 times played)
· Mysterious Ways (67 times played)
· New Year's Day (65 times played)
· 40 (62 times played)
· I Will Follow (51 times played)
· Running To Stand Still (47 times played)
· Until The End Of The World (41 times played)
· Original Of The Species (38 times played)
· Stuck In A Moment You Can't Get Out Of (35 times played)
· Bad (28 times played)
· The First Time (28 times played)
· The Ocean (28 times played)
· All I Want Is You (23 times played)
· The Cry (21 times played)
· Gloria (19 times played)
· An Cat Dubh (17 times played)
· Into The Heart (17 times played)
· Fast Cars (16 times played)
· Who's Gonna Ride Your Wild Horses (16 times played)
· Angel Of Harlem (13 times played)
· Party Girl (12 times played)
· The Saints Are Coming (12 times played)
· Walk On (11 times played)
· Out Of Control (9 times played)
· Instant Karma! (8 times played)
· Kite (8 times played)
· Crumbs From Your Table (7 times played)
· Desire (6 times played)
· Happy Birthday (6 times played)


                                                       Page 9 of 11
Assignment 2: Representing Data                                                     June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                                                         IDIA 614

· Norwegian Wood (6 times played)
· MLK (5 times played)
· One Tree Hill (4 times played)
· Window In The Skies (4 times played)
· Discothèque (2 times played)
· In A Little While (2 times played)
· Mothers Of The Disappeared (2 times played)
· Love Is Blindness (1 time played)
· Love Will Tear Us Apart (1 time played)
· Ol' Man River (1 time played)
· People Get Ready (1 time played)
· Rockin' In The Free World (1 time played)

Songs from 15 U2 albums have been played during that tour (snippets not counted).

· How To Dismantle An Atomic Bomb (10 songs)
· Cover songs (8 songs)
· Achtung Baby (7 songs)
· The Joshua Tree (7 songs)
· All That You Can't Leave Behind (6 songs)
· Boy (6 songs)
· Rattle And Hum (3 songs)
· The Unforgettable Fire (3 songs)
· War (3 songs)
· Non-album songs (2 songs)
· B-Sides (1 song)
· October (1 song)
· Pop (1 song)
· Unreleased Songs (1 song)
· Zooropa (1 song)




                                                      Page 10 of 11
Assignment 2: Representing Data                   June 23, 2009
Allison Menjivar                                       IDIA 614

Appendix C - Normalized Data




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