HR & Peace Education in the Secondary Public Schools Toward

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					     HR & Peace Education
    in the Secondary Public
Schools Toward Strengthening
    Moro, Lumad & Migrant
Settlers Relations (2005-2006)*

      Philippine Human Rights
   Information Center (PhilRights)

  * Funded by the US Insittute for Peace (USIP)
           Project Objectives

 Develop a teacher training module designed
  to infuse HR & peace education in formal
  education curriculum of public secondary
 Enhance capability of public secondary
  school teachers to implement the designed
           Project Sites & Reach
              No. of No. of        Estimated # of
Areas         Public Trainees      students reached (1
              HS     (Teachers,    teacher x 4 classes x
                     admin,        50 students/class)
NCR (Pre-       5         12               2,400
Maguindanao     14        47               9,400

North           23        35               7,000
Total           42        94              18,800
           Project Activitives
1. Networking with Project Partners & DepEd
 Institute for Peace & Development Studies,
    Southern Christian College (IPDS-SCC),
    Midsayap, North Cotabato
 Department of Education Region 12
 Department of Education, Autonomous
    Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)
2. Module Development
            Project Activitives
3. Three 5-day Trainings on “HR & Peace
NCR – Pre-testing of First draft of Training
North Cotabato
 Contents of 5-day Teacher Training
 Topics taken up:
HR concepts and principles
HR instruments
Theories on conflict and peace
Historical roots of Mindanao conflict
Theories and methods on HR & Peace
 Contents of 5-day Teacher Training

 Training methods include workshops, role-
  playing, problem-tree construction, dance &
  song group dynamics, poem composition,
  local & indigenous ice-breakers/games
 Practicum involving actual lesson plan
  constructions and teaching demonstration in
  selected classes on various subjects using
  the prepared lesson plans.
           Project Activitives
4. Eight (8) Focused Group Discussions
  among Teachers/School
  Administrators/Principals & Students on the
  Training Modules
Examples of experiences in how HR &
  peace were integrated in the subjects
Effects on KAS of students, teachers, in and
  out of school
Identification of enabling and disabling
  factors in the integration of HR & peace
           Project Activitives
5. Collection of Progress Reports of Techer
6. Educators’ Conference: “Kapayapaan at
  Karapatan sa Aming Paaralan: Paghahabi
  ng Karanasan” (HR & Peace in Our
  Schools: Weaving Our Experiences”)
Provide a venue for sharing & exchange of
  experiences in integrating HR & Peace in
  various subject areas
           Project Activitives
Come up w/ assessment of the
 effects/impact of the Training
Gather feedback on the Training of Trainers
 Guidebook/Manual, and
Generate ideas on how to move forward
      Summary of Achievements
1. 1,000 copies of the Training of Trainers
   Guidebook “On Integrating Peace & HR in
   Secondary Education: Towards
   Strengthening Lumad, Moro & Settler
   Relations in Mindanao” published &
   distributed to teacher participants,
   participating schools, partners, DepEd
2. Enhanced capability of 94 teachers/school
   administrators on HR & peace integration
       Summary of Achievements
 Increased knowledge & understanding on HR and
   situations of tri-people in Mindanao
 Increased skills on conflict mediation, teaching &
   integrating HR & peace in their subjects
 Developed positive attitudes toward students,
   colleagues, other ethnic groups
4. Developed strong interest among
   participants/educators to seriously undertake HR
   & Peace Integration in school curricula
      Summary of Achievements
5. Established partnership with DepEd
6. Established & maintained good relations w/
  participating schools
  Summary of Evaluation Feedback
I. Highlights & Key Lessons
 Integrating HR & Peace in teaching
    subjects facilitates learning – making
    subjects more relevant to day-to-day lives
    of students.
 Effective practice of HR & Peace
    Integration necessitates mastery of
    subjects & in-depth understanding of
    concepts of peace & HR
  Summary of Evaluation Feedback
 Use of vernacular or local dialect/s in
  discussion enables more students to
 Effectiveness of integration depends on the
  strategy/ies employed by teachers
 Integrating HR & Peace requires paradigm
  shift/renewal in terms of how teachers view
  their subjects, students, teaching strategies
  & themselves as persons
   Summary of Evaluation Feedback
II. Best Practices Focused on Content
 HR & Peace are inherently connected to social
    sciences; integrating these concepts in Araling
    Panlipunan (Social Studies) is easy
 Integrating HR & Peace in other subject areas
    may not always be explicit or obvious but still
 Integrating HR & Peace in subjects other than
    Social Sciences can be facilitated by using topics
    as metaphors/symbolisms/parallelisms for topics
    related to HR & Peace
  Summary of Evaluation Feedback
 Thinking-outside-the-box or expanding
  imagination & creativity facilitates
  identification of connections between &
  among the subjects taught & HR & Peace
 There is need to access various available
  resource materials on HR & Peace & even
  subjects taught
 There is need to develop new resources that
  can aid in integration of HR & Peace into the
  various subject areas
   Summary of Evaluation Feedback

 There are different views re: Curricular reforms
→ Current curriculum needs to be further tested in
  terms of its effectiveness in relation to integrating
  HR & Peace into the various subject areas
→ HR & Peace canb e given emphasis by teaching
  them as units/topics in the subject of Araling
  Panlipunan or Social Studies.
→ HR & Peace can be treated as separate subject
  Summary of Evaluation Feedback
III. Pedagogical Discoveries /Insights on
 There is no singular formula in integrating
   HR & Peace in teaching various subject
 Many strategies can be used in integration
 Choice of strategy/ies can be influenced by
   context of the teacher, students, learning
   environment & their surrounding
  Summary of Evaluation Feedback
IV. Methodological Entry Points of HR &
  Peace Integration
 As an ethical principle of teaching & learning
  , i.e. teaching & learning w/ peace & respect
  for HR (student rights)
 As a relational framework to link lesson into
  everyday life
 As a point for analysis, reflection &
  application of the topic under study
  Summary of Evaluation Feedback
 As a selection guide in choosing appropriate
 As an example to illustrate points being
 As a context to constantly ground theoretical
  learning to practical learning.
   Summary of Evaluation Feedback
V. Recommendations
 Urge schools to articulate in their VMG their
  commitment to uphold peace & HR
 Refer to DepEd Memo urging schools to integrate
  peace & HR in teaching
 Look into School Improvement Plan (SIP) as a
  venue to advocate promotion of HR & Peace
 Advocate among different stakeholders ( teachers,
  school heads, parents, students, community
  leaders, etc.) the integration of HR & Peace
  Summary of Evaluation Feedback
On Continuing Teacher Education
 Undertake refresher courses on Human
  Rights & Peace
 Conduct training of teachers on HR & Peace
 Undergo gender sensitivity trainings (GST)
 Explore integrating HR & Peace as a
  component of Makabayan, particularly
  Values Education
Summary of Evaluation Feedback
 Creation of Distance Learning Courses, i.e.
  through the Internet, on HR & Peace
 Allot one session per week on HR & Peace
  in all Social Studies subjects
 Maximize opportunities to enhance &
  develop the self, i.e. participate in leadership
  seminars, advanced management training,
  religious seminars, etc.
Summary of Evaluation Feedback
On College Education Course
 Include units on HR & Peace in the
  undergraduate education curriculum
 Integrate HR & Peace in the Civil Service
 Re-orient NSTP for aspiring teachers
  towards HR & Peace education
 Strengthen HR & Peace component of
  social sciences, especially in tertiary levels
                 Thank you!

Philippine Human Rights Information Center (PhilRights)
            53-B Maliksi Street, Brgy. Pinyahan,
              Quezon City, Philippines 1800
            Email Addres:
            Tel. Nos. +632 4331714 / 4365686

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