Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM

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					                         Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM

Split characters in Persian Preiod prove
REVISIONISM

Source: http://sci.tech−archive.net/Archive/sci.archaeology/2005−05/msg00026.html



      • From: "larswilson" <wilsonl035@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
      • Date: Mon, 02 May 2005 21:24:57 GMT

When faced with having to revise records, one convention used so as not to
completely eliminate historical events or character was to split the
activities of a single character being suppressed into two different
characters thus making their history more "politically correct" and not as
recognizable. But once one understands this rather consistent method of
revisionism when you identifies a split character it becomes a pointer to a
revised part of history.

Most pertinent to archaeology is the reference in the Cyrus Cylinder
regarding Darius the Mede who survives as two characters, Ugbaru and Gubaru.
Originally Darius the Mede conquered Babylon with Cyrus and then took the
throne for six years before abdicating to Cyrus. Darius the Mede was also
the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar. When the Persian Period needed expanding,
the Persians revised these records needing to steal some years from the NB
Period kings. Two years were reduced from Nebuchadnezzar II, 16 years from
Evil Merodach, two years from Nabonidus, and the entire 6−year rule of
Darius the Mede was removed. But what Darius the Mede did as a single
individual as we read in some records, is split up in the Cyrus Cylinder
between Ugbaru and Gubaru. One charchater thus conquers Babylon with Cyrus,
clearly a reference to Darius the mede. The other rules as "governor" of 14
years and divides the kingdom into districts, again something specifically
associated with Darius the Mede. Thus the similarity in names, "Ugbaru" and
"Gubaru" are likewise a clue these characters are related.

EXTRAPOLATION: We have though, enough independent references to Darius the
Mede to combine these references and figure out exactly what happened. That
is, Darius the Mede conquered Babylon with Cyrus, ruled for 6 years as king
and then when Cyrus became the ultimate king over both the Medes and the
Persians, the minor kings took on the title of "governor" but apparently
Darius the Mede continued to rule over Babylon as "governor" for another 8
years at which time he died. This corresponds to the history that the son
and successor to Cyrus, Cambyses, first ruled for one year as co−ruler with
Cyrus from Babylon. Thus when Darius the Mede died, Kambyses took over at
Babylon for one year before Cyrus died.

But again, the record that contains the split character is ther revised
record, thus the Cyrus Cylinder becomes challenged as a face−value
historical reference and must be decoded for revisionism based upon

Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM                                1
                         Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM
competitive historical sources regarding its contents.

TWO OTHER FAMOUS SPLIT−HISTORIES: Two other notable split−characters that
point to revisionism of note are that of Nehemiah, who becomes both Esther
and Mordecai in the historical fable Book of Esther; and the history of
Aristotle is split up between this own true history and the invented
character of "Phaedo" who was the young protege−lover of Socrates. When the
history of Socrates so connected with his exploits in the Peloponnesian War
was moved back some 28 years so that Greek history could accommodate the
Persian history revisions, the itneraction between Aristotle and Socrates
which was during the last 18 years of Socrates' life became separated. The
revised history of Socrates has him dying in 399BCE, Aristotle was born in
384BCE. When the chronology is restored Socrates dies in 366BCE when
Aristotle is 18 years of age, the same age that "Phaedo" was when Socrates
died. A quick check of how many times Aristotle mentions Socrates in his
works and in what context betrays that he knew him well and admired (loved?)
him very much.

CORRECTOINS IN REVISED HISTORY WHEN ORIGINAL BIBLICAL TIMELINE IS RESTORED:

Here are just a few of the character histories that are corrected when the
NB Period is expanded by 26 years and the Persian Period is reduced by 82
years.

ESTHER: Becomes a historical fable covering the history of Nehemiah and is
absorbed by the history of Nehemiah.

PLATO: Plato becomes a younger friend to Socrates who is not his teacher
but a fellow philosopher just 8 years older than he is rather than 42 years
older. Note Socrates was the same age as Plato's older brothers which is
where the acquaitance occurs.

PLATO. THE DELIAN PROBLEM: The Delian problem is a mathematical challenge
by an oracle at Delos to try to stop the plague that broke out in the first
year of the Peloponnesian War. Plato is reported to have been consulted to
assist in this mathetical challenge which was to double the sive of a cube
alter. Problem is, when the chronology was revised the 1st year of the War
was moved back to 431BCE, some 3 years before Plato was born. When the
history is restored with the war beginning in 403BCE, Plato is 25 years old.

DARIUS THE MEDE: Darius the Mede becomes the king of Babylon for 6 years
following the ovethrow in 462BCE, followed on the throne by Cyrus. Cyrus is
the nephew−in−law of Darius the Mede. Cyrus is married to the daughter of
Astyages who is the half−brother of Darius the Mede. Darius' mother was the
daughter of Nebuchadnezzar. After abdicating to Cyrus following this
six−year rule, he apparently continued as "governor" over Babylon under
Cyrus for another 8 years before his death. Kambyses followed him on the
throne at Babylon for one year before his father died.

DARIUS THE MEDE:UGBARU/GUBARU: The histories of these three characters are
combined and harmonized.

Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM                            2
                       Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM


ARISTOTLE/PHAEDO: The history of Phaedo and Aristotle become combined when
the death of Socrates is moved from 399BCE to 366BCE.

CYRUS THE PERSIAN: Cyrus conquers Babylon with Darius the Mede in 462BCE
then takes over the entire kingdom of Persia six years later in 455BCE.
King Nabonidus is put under house arrest and this ends the official
Neo−Babylonian empire. Cyrus' history thus better matches that of Ktesias
who says he was the son−in−law of Astyages rather than his grandson, which
is more consistent with the original history. When the chronology was
expanded, Cyrus' wife became his mother, thus the folklore connected with
Cyrus as grandson to Astyages is invented history. Cyrus began his 20−year
rule over Persia with the overthrow of Astyages in the 6th year of Nabonidus
dated to 475BCE. Nabonidus thus rules for 19 years rather than 17, though
the last 17 years were with his son/co−ruler, Belshazzar who was killed with
Darius the Mede took over. Since Darius the Mede was also a grandson of
Nebuchadnezzar, Darius the Mede was the nephew of Nabonidus and the cousin
of Belshazzar. One big happy family!

NEHEMIAH/ESTHER: Some of the fable details of Esther are combined to
supplement the history of Nehemiah during the reign of Artaxerxes. Nehemiah
returns from Babylon with Zerubbabel, probably around age 30 and outlives
Xerxes, the same king as Artaxerxes, who died at 59. Xerxes was born in
455BCE the year Cyrus became king over all of Persia, thus he was chosen
over his older brothers as the rightful successor to the throne after
Kambyses. Since Cyrus was married to the daughter of Astyages and Darius
the Mede had no male heirs, the royal line of the Medes through Astyages now
came through Cyrus. With no male heirs of Cyrus surviving, the royal line
went through the Daughter of Cyrus, Atossa, who was married to Darius I.
Thus the children of Atossa and Darius were royalty on both sides. But
apparently since Cyrus did not become king over all of Persia until a
certain time, the children born before this kingship were not considered as
significant as the firstborn afterward, thus Xerxes being born after Cyrus
was king and being referred to always as "Prince Xerxes" was chosen as king,
bypassing his older brothers, though there may have been other reasons.
Nehemiah might have been involved with helping Xerxes come to the throne as
he became the prime minister of Persia immediately after Darius began his
rule as evidenced at Persepolis, and continued as prime minister (chief cup
bearer) throughout the entire reign of Artaxerxes, who proudly displayed
Nehemiah in several bas reliefs at Persepolis. (see Nehemiah at Persepolis
ref below).

XENOPHON: Xenophon redacted Thucydides, likely being paid by the Persians
to revise Greek history. But not all was revised. Xenophon claims to have
known Socrates from his youth and to have been present at the famous
"Symposium". Of course with the revised chronology, he would have only been
eight years old at the time. When the chronology is revised, he's old enouh
to attend. Xenophon was friends with Plato and the same age, which explains
how influenced Plato to go along with the revisionism. Both Xenophon and
Plato published the dialogues of Socrates to preserve his philosophical
works since much of his works would give away the chronology otherwise. Of

Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM                           3
                         Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM

course, these dialogues are written in the first person as if Socrates wrote
them himself, which he did, and some of the references still give away
historical clues. Thus Xenophon's references to being a childhood friend
of Socrates is explained.

XERXES, ARTAXERXES "LONGIMANUS": This is a true split charter reference
since Xerxes actually claimed he was his own son for political reasons.
Thus the rulership and acivities of Xerxes and Artaxerxes are combined for
the most part. The longer hand (longimanus) of Artaxerxes fame is seen on
display by Xerxes at Persepolis which also connects the two.

http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/IMAGES/PER/TRE/3B10_4.html

RULERSHIP CORRECTIONS:

BABYLON REDUCTION:
NEBUCHADNEZZAR II: Rules 45 years vs 43.
EVIL−MERODACH: Rules 18 years vs 2
NABONIDUS: Rules 19 years vs 17
DARIUS THE MEDE: Rules 6 years vs zero
Total expansion of NB Period: 26 years

PERSIAN EXPANSION:
CYRUS: Becomes king 6 years after Babylon conquered following 6−year rule by
Darius the Mede.

KAMBYSES: Rules 7 solo years vs 8, 1 year co−rule with Cyrus at Babylon
after death of grand−uncle, Darius the Mede. (reduction 1 year)

DARIUS I: Rules for 6 years per Ezra 6:14,15, followed by Xerxes who adopts
the name Artaxerxes and later a separate identity as his own son.
(Reduction 30 years)

XERXES: Same king as Artaxerxes, Longimantus (Reduction 21 years)

ARTAXERXES II: Ruled for 17 years vs 47 years (reduction 30 years)

Total reduction of Persian Period, 82 years.


REFERENCE:
Nehemiah series at Persepolis as Jewish, eunuch cupbearer (prime minister)
beginning with reign of Darius I and Xerxes (co−ruler) who later became
Artaxerxes, Longimanus.
Here is Jewish cupbearer, notice hooded cap, covered beard (eunuch)

and cuptowel in hand.

http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/IMAGES/PER/TRE/3B10_4.html



Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM                            4
                        Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM

Here is Nehemiah with sole−ruler Artaxerxes later.

http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/IMAGES/PER/TH/2E9_4.html



Again the another scene with Nehemiah behind Artaxerxes...

http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/IMAGES/PER/TH/2F3_72dpi.ht

ml




To show how favored he was, here is Nehemiah with Artaxerxes alone...

http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/IMAGES/PER/TH/2F9_72dpi.ht

ml




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Split characters in Persian Preiod prove REVISIONISM                             5