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The role of the Architect in turbulent times

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The role of the Architect in turbulent times Powered By Docstoc
					Miha Kralj Sr. Architect Microsoft Corporation Session Code: ARC207

Architecture Impetus
You can’t build a sky rise the way you build a dog house…
Booch, SD’99

Architectural leadership always comes from the least expected direction…
Unknown

Architecture??? We are in recession, who needs architecture now!
CIO of undisclosed company

Architecture: Raison d'être
Architecture is the translation of intent into technology
Business Technology

Architecture: Raison d'être
Architecture is the translation of intent into technology
Business Technology

Aesthetics

Architecture: Raison d'être
Architecture is the translation of intent into technology
Business Technology

Aesthetics:
Aesthetics Judgment of sentiments and taste

Architecture: Raison d'être
Business desires Business the right
Technology

Function

Aesthetics

Architecture: Raison d'être
Business desires Business the right
Technology seeks the right Technology

Function

Structure

Aesthetics

Architecture: Raison d'être
Business desires Business the right
Technology seeks the right Technology

Function

Structure

Aesthetics requires the right Aesthetics

Appearance

Architecting process
Requirements
Analysis

Design

Design
Conscious effort to create something that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing

All architecture is design. Not all design is architecture.

Who Does What Best?
Business Analyst Architect Developer IT Professional .

Requirements

Analysis

Design

Architectural Levels
Design all things by considering them in their larger contexts
An enterprise in an industry A system in an enterprise A component in a system An object in a component

Put the large rocks in the place first

Scope of Architectural Decisions
Architecture is the set of decisions that cannot be delegated without compromising overall system objectives
product family architecture decisions
decisions optimized over the whole, making tradeoffs and compromises across the products for the overall good of the whole

product architecture decisions

Product family scope

Product A scope
Component scope

Product B scope

decisions made here are tuned to product A

Enterprise Architecture - Definition
Enterprise Architecture
Encompasses:
Application Architecture
Infrastructure Architecture Information Architecture Business Architecture

Addresses Enterprise objectives:
Consistency, Integration, Interoperability, Security Flexibility to make, buy or outsource IT solutions Reuse across applications, solutions and product families

EA has Enterprise-wide scope and crosses intra-organizational boundaries

Evolution of Enterprise Architecture
Value EA = BA + EWITA
Enhance Business/IT Alignment

EA = EWITA
EA = TA
Reduce IT cost and enhance operations Enhance Value Management

Scope

Goal of an Architect
Get the Architecture Right
Right Direction: Architectural Vision and Strategy Right Focus: Architectural Requirements and Prioritization Right Solution: Architecture Specification

Get the Architecture Used Right

Get the Architecture used (at all)

Architect responsibilities
What you think the job is:
Technical work
Solving interesting problems Applying design patterns Technology choices, system design

What it really is:
Technical work Touchy-feely stuff
Organizational politics
Getting participation

Non-technical work

Building consensus

The Main Activities of an Architect
What an Architect really does?
Think, Analyze Present, Meet, Teach, Discuss Test, Integrate Write, Consolidate, Browse Read, Review

Listen, Talk, Walk around
Design, Brainstorm, Explain Assist with risks, WBS, schedule

How do you explicitly measure success of these tasks?
Gerrit Muller, “The Role and Task of the System Architect”, http://www.gaudisite.nl/RoleSystemArchitectPaper.pdf

Architect Competencies

Organizational Dynamics
Strategy

Leadership

Technology in Breadth

Communication

Technology in Depth

Process and Tactics

Split of the Role in the Hard Times

Business Analyst Organizational Project Manager Dynamics Strategy Advisor
Strategy

Development Lead Testing Lead Leadership Technology in Breadth Operations Lead
Technology in Depth

Communication

Process and Tactics

Split of the Role by Domain Focus
EA

Solution Architecture
(Infrastructure, Information)

Technical Architecture
(Software, Application, System)

Split of the Role by Domain Focus
Business Analyst EA Project Manager Strategy Advisor
(Infrastructure, Information) Development Lead Testing Lead Operations Lead Technical Architecture (Software, Application, System)

Solution Architecture

Shifting the Focus
Diminishing Old Priorities
New Projects – due to the overwhelming amount of internal optimization new projects are few and far apart. Large-scale SOA projects – With widespread failures of large SOA projects architects are reconsidering their approach to SOA Web 2.0 projects – The experiments on if this technology paradigm is viable is deemed non mission-critical.

Server consolidation – the lifetimes of servers is extended thus reducing the amount of consolidation projects

Shifting the Focus
Emerging New Priorities
Optimization of current portfolio – How to leverage Company’s assets in a struggling economy (do more with less) Cost Reducing Programs – Programs that look at cost reductions are becoming a major property for architects Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) – Many pre- and post-M&A projects will occur during the recession time

Compliance – New regulations will emerge to control all aspects of how IT operates
Value Add Customer-facing projects – Furthering the reach of the company past traditional methods to add to the value chain

Four Key Architectural Imperatives
What to do in the times of uncertainty
Align – Find direct links to business imperatives.
Optimize – Do more with what you have Externalize – Move IT assets outside of the IT operating environment, if they do not add value

Consolidate – Reduce unnecessary redundancies

Align the Architecture
Key Metrics
Instead of defining IT-specific metrics, architecture organizations need to operate more like a business. By doing so, they need not only to demonstrate their effectiveness, but also to quantify it. Redefine how you are measured and evaluated

Assessments
Repeatable and consistent assessments should drive how decisions are made, and they must illustrate how architectural trade-offs occurred.

Define the assessment metrics for all aspects of your work

Link the Architecture
Requirements Management
Capturing functional and nonfunctional requirements in reusable ways will help align architectures to the business and drive both the functionality and the architecture.

Architecture Management
Architecture management should link into the standard processes, such as application portfolio management and Project Management Office processes.

Align with business with the right requirements capturing process

Prove the value of architecture through PMO

Optimize the Architecture
Portfolio Management
Reviewing the IT portfolio of applications will allow architects to either inventory existing systems or review the systems that have been cataloged.

ALM Management
ALM improvements can include process optimizations to streamline efforts, new tools to automate and accelerate application development, and key information-gathering points to support architecture efforts and quantify business value. How can you improve the ALM tools, process or skills?

What Solutions bring the most value and return?

Optimize your Tools and Solutions
Development tooling
Optimizing the tooling that is used in the actual development and architectural planning is essential for companies. In times of slowed project work, it is optimal to retool.

Optimizing Solutions
With a wave of new innovations in social computing, contextaware architectures, cloudbased architectures, and SaaS, there are ways to introduce lower risk, cost, and support for your company. Find the low-cost refactoring ideas and approaches.

Are you using the right tools for the architecting process?

Consolidate your IT Assets
IT Infrastructure
The hardware backbone of an enterprise often is the first to be consolidated with virtualization solutions. While it is easy to virtualize, there is careful planning needed, as it could lead to the same problem that we have with server sprawl. What infrastructure elements are ready for virtualization?

IT Services
Collaboration, VOIP, e-mail, business intelligence, portals, system monitoring, and projectmanagement systems are all IT services that can be streamlined by creation of standards or consolidation of multiple vendors. What redundant IT Services can you find and consolidate?

Consolidate your IT Assets
Solution Architectures
Companies often find redundancies in solutions across LOBs or functional areas. Consolidating solutions will be key to lowering costs and complexity within the organization. How much cost-reduction can you bring with consolidation?

Process Management
Process management can be a valuable exercise to consolidate disconnected and redundant processes. This streamlines your architectural efforts by providing repeatable and predictable measurements. What processes are fat, long and unnecessary?

Invent New Usage of Current Technology
Use technology NOT as originally intended Redefine where the applied cutting edge really is Go beyond prescribed scenarios and personas Are you using technology the same way as your competition?

Improve Customer Experiences
Experience is more important than functionality If you don’t improve the experience, someone else will! Eliminate negative, tedious or hard-to-understand parts How do you get dissatisfied users to talk before they walk?

Render Your Own Cash Cow Obsolete
Is there a single product/service that generates the majority of income?

Create new Cash Cows out of Stars and Question marks (BCG) Anyone’s Cash Cow can be (and will be) stolen How do you reposition your own current Cash Cow?

Learn to Fail Fast
Plan ahead and get the advantage of unavoidable future Don’t refuse to accept failure; Invest in the next success If horse is dead, GET OFF! Is your product, service or engagement slowly failing?

Systematically Look Into the Future
Focus on the NEW big picture Look for trends, patterns and new disruptors Technological changes can redefine the entire industries What changes can you identify that might yield an opportunity?

Solve Predictable Future Problems Today
Shift from Crisis Management to Opportunity Management Most of Future Issues are predictable and avoidable Anticipate, Plan and Pre-empt What problems can you eliminate before they happen?

Co-create the Future with your Customers
Reward and stimulate customer innovation Foster collaborative research and creation
Customers will help you design future products with THEM in mind

Do customers send you their innovate ideas to implement?

Create Strategic Alliances
Cooperation and Competition are merging (Coopetition) Alliances are partnerships of equal players Strategic alliances tend to create advantages for all Which alliance would benefit your ecosystem?

Resources
www.microsoft.com/teched
Sessions On-Demand & Community

www.microsoft.com/learning
Microsoft Certification & Training Resources

http://microsoft.com/technet
Resources for IT Professionals

http://microsoft.com/msdn
Resources for Developers

www.microsoft.com/learning Microsoft Certification and Training Resources

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© 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.


				
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