K-2 Sunshine State Standards and Benchmarks for Writing WRITING PROCESS Kindergarten First Second Prewriting Standard: The student will use prewriting strategies to generate ideas and formulate a plan. LA.K.3.1.1 - connecting thoughts and oral LA.18.104.22.168 - generating ideas from multiple LA.22.214.171.124 - generating ideas from multiple language to generate ideas; and sources (e.g., brainstorming, webbing, sources (e.g., text, brainstorming, webbing, LA.K.3.1.2 - drawing a picture about ideas from drawing, group discussion, other activities); drawing, writer’s notebook, group discussion, stories read aloud or generated through class LA.126.96.36.199 - discussing the purpose for a writing other activities); discussion. piece; and LA.188.8.131.52 - determines the purpose (e.g., to LA.184.108.40.206 - organizing ideas using simple entertain, to inform, to communicate) and the webs, maps, or lists. intended audience of a writing piece; and LA.220.127.116.11 - making a plan for writing that includes the main idea, the purpose (e.g., to entertain, to inform, to communicate). Drafting Standard: The student will write a draft appropriate to the topic, audience, and purpose. LA.K.3.2.1 - drawing, telling, or writing about a LA.18.104.22.168 - maintaining focus on a single idea LA.22.214.171.124 - maintaining focus on a single idea familiar experience, topic or text; and using supporting details; and and developing supporting details; and LA.K.3.2.2 - creating a group draft, scripted by LA.126.96.36.199 - organizing details into a logical LA.188.8.131.52 - organizing details into a logical the teacher. sequence that has a beginning, middle, and sequence that has a clear beginning, middle end. and end and an awareness of audience. Revising Standard: The student will revise and refine the draft for clarity and effectiveness. LA.K.3.3.1 The student will revise the draft by LA.184.108.40.206 - evaluating the draft for logical LA.220.127.116.11 - evaluating the draft for logical adding additional details to the draft and thinking and marking out repetitive text; and thinking and consistent point of view (first or checking for logical thinking with prompting. LA.18.104.22.168 - creating clarity by marking out third person) appropriate for the purpose and repetitive text, adding additional details by audience; using a caret and replacing general words with LA.22.214.171.124 - creating clarity by combining specific words. related simple sentences and sequencing new ideas into paragraphs; LA.126.96.36.199 - creating interest by incorporating descriptive words and supporting details, such as sensory language; and LA.188.8.131.52 - evaluating the composition, with the assistance of teacher, peer, checklist, or rubric. Editing for Language Conventions Standard: The student will edit and correct the draft for standard language conventions. LA.K.3.4.1 - knowledge of letter/sound LA.184.108.40.206 - common spelling patterns (e.g., LA.220.127.116.11- conventional spelling for high relationships to spell simple words; onset and rimes, word families, and simple frequency words and common spelling LA.K.3.4.2 - capital letters to begin “important CVC words) and conventional spelling of high patterns and generalizations (e.g., word words;” and frequency words; families, simple CVC words, regular plurals, LA.K.3.4.3 - end punctuation, including periods, LA.18.104.22.168 - capital letters for the pronoun I, the simple suffixes and simple prefixes) to question marks, and exclamation points. beginning of a sentence, names, days of the determine how to spell new words; week and months of the year; LA.22.214.171.124 - capitalization, including initial word LA.126.96.36.199 - commas in dates, items in a series; in a sentence, the pronoun “I,” and proper LA.188.8.131.52 - singular and plural nouns, action names; verbs in simple sentences, and singular LA.184.108.40.206- punctuation, including commas in possessive pronouns (e.g., my/mines, his/her, dates, items in a series, greetings /closings of hers); letters, and compound sentences; colons to LA.220.127.116.11 - subject and verb agreement in separate hours/ minutes of time; and simple sentences; and apostrophes in contractions; LA.18.104.22.168 - end punctuation for sentences, LA.22.214.171.124 - nouns, verbs, personal pronouns, including periods, question marks, and adjectives and adverbs, singular possessive exclamation points. pronouns (e.g.,my/mines, his/her, hers); LA.126.96.36.199 - subject/verb and noun/pronoun agreement in simple and compound sentences; LA.188.8.131.52 - end punctuation for compound sentences, statements, questions, and exclamations. Publishing Standard: The student will write a final product for the intended audience. LA.K.3.5.1 The student will produce, illustrate LA.184.108.40.206 The student will produce, illustrate, LA.220.127.116.11 The student will produce, illustrate, and share a finished piece of writing. and share a variety of compositions. and share a variety of compositions. WRITING APPLICATIONS Creative Standard: The student develops and demonstrates creative writing. LA.K.4.1.1 - create narratives by drawing, LA.18.104.22.168 - write narratives that include a main LA.22.214.171.124 - write narratives based on real or dictating, and/or using emergent writing; and idea based on real or imagined events, imagined events that include a main idea, LA.K.4.1.2 - participate in writing simple characters, and a sequence of events; and characters, a sequence of events and stories, poems, rhymes, or song lyrics. LA.126.96.36.199 - participate in writing simple stories, descriptive details; and poems, rhymes, or song lyrics. LA.188.8.131.52 - compose simple stories, poems, riddles, rhymes, or song lyrics. Informative Standard: The student develops and demonstrates expository writing that provides information related to real-world tasks. LA.K.4.2.1 - participate in creating a variety of LA.184.108.40.206 - Write in a variety of LA.220.127.116.11 - Write in a variety of informational/expository forms (e.g., labels, technical/informational forms (e.g., rules, technical/informational forms (e.g., rules, lists, graphs, observations, summaries) summaries, recipes, notes/messages, labels, summaries, procedures, recipes, through drawing or writing; instructions, graphs/tables); notes/messages, labels, instructions, LA.K.4.2.2 - participate in creating simple LA.18.104.22.168 - participate in recording information graphs/tables); summaries from informational/expository text from informational/expository text (e.g., lists, LA.22.214.171.124 - record information (e.g., (e.g., graphs, tables, maps); graphs, tables or maps); observations, notes, lists, charts, map labels, LA.K.4.2.3 - participate in a group setting to LA.126.96.36.199 - write an informational/expository legends) related to a topic; identify the topic as expressed in paragraph that contains a topic sentence and LA.188.8.131.52 - write informational/expository informational/expository at least three details; paragraphs that contain a topic sentence, text, and discuss related details; LA.184.108.40.206 - write basic communications, supporting details, and relevant information; LA.K.4.2.4 - communications with teacher as including friendly letters and thank-you notes; LA.220.127.116.11 - write communications, including scribe, including friendly letters and thank-you and friendly letters and thank-you notes; and notes; and LA.18.104.22.168 - write simple directions to familiar LA.22.214.171.124 - write simple directions to familiar LA.K.4.2.5 - draw a simple map of the locations using “left and right,” and create a locations using “left and right,” and create a classroom. map that matches the directions. map that matches the directions. Persuasive Standard: The student develops and demonstrates persuasive writing that is used for the purpose of influencing the reader. LA.K.4.3.1 The student will draw a picture and LA.126.96.36.199 The student will draw a picture and LA.188.8.131.52 The student will draw a picture and use it to explain why this item (food, pet, use simple text to explain why this item (food, use simple text to explain why this item (food, person) is their favorite. pet, person) is important to them. pet, person) is important to them. COMMUNICATION Penmanship Standard: The student engages in the writing process and writes to communicate ideas and experiences. LA.K.5.1.1 - print many uppercase and LA.184.108.40.206 - write numbers and uppercase and LA.220.127.116.11 The student will demonstrate legible lowercase letters of the alphabet and lowercase letters using left to right sequencing; printing skills. recognize the difference between the two; and LA.K.5.1.2 - write from left to right and top to LA.18.104.22.168 - use appropriate spacing between bottom of page; letters, words, and sentences. LA.K.5.1.3 - recognize spacing between letters and words; LA.K.5.1.4 - print own first and last name; and LA.K.5.1.5 - understand the concept of writing and identifying numerals. Listening and Speaking Standard: The student effectively applies listening and speaking strategies. LA.K.5.2.1 - listen carefully and understand LA.22.214.171.124 - listen attentively and understand LA.126.96.36.199 - interpret information presented and directions for performing tasks (e.g., three or directions for performing tasks (e.g., multi-step seek clarification when needed; four-step oral directions); oral LA.188.8.131.52 - begin to use language appropriate LA.K.5.2.2 - listen attentively to fiction and directions), solving problems, and following for different occasions, audiences, and topics; nonfiction read-alouds and demonstrate rules; LA.184.108.40.206 - use increasingly complex language understanding; LA.220.127.116.11 - retell specific details of information patterns and sentence structure when LA.K.5.2.3 - repeat auditory sequences (e.g., heard; communicating; letters, words, numbers, rhythmic patterns); LA.18.104.22.168 - listen attentively to fiction and and LA.K.5.2.4 - recite short poems, rhymes, nonfiction read-alouds and demonstrate LA.22.214.171.124 - listen politely to oral presentations songs, and stories with repeated patterns; understanding; by classmates. LA.K.5.2.5 - communicate effectively when LA.126.96.36.199 - use formal and informal language relating experiences and retelling stories appropriately; heard; and LA.188.8.131.52 - communicate effectively when LA.K.5.2.6 - use complete sentences when relating experiences and telling stories read speaking. and heard; and LA.184.108.40.206 – participate courteously in conversation, such as asking clarifying questions, taking turns, staying on topic, making eye contact, and facing the speaker.
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