217 by dandanhuanghuang


									                         W W W. E U R O PA R C . O R G

                                                                         EUROPARC 2008
                                                                      High conservation values,
                                                                            high management
                                                                                     24 - 28 September,
                                                                                 Poiana Brasov, Romania

On behalf of the conference organisers, the EUROPARC Federation
would like to thank Lucy Galvin for preparing the following report.

Picture: Günter Moser
                                                            Section One Introduction .........................................................4
                                                            1. Stepping up to the challenge ............................................................................6

                                                            Section Two Keynote speeches ............................................8
                                                            1. Challenges and opportunities for nature protection
                                                               in south-eastern Europe ....................................................................................10
                                                            2. Together for the Alps – alpine protected areas .........................................11
                                                            3. Governance – the key for effective
                                                               and equitable protected area systems .........................................................12
                                                            4. Mainstreaming policies to support high
                                                                 nature value land use across Europe ...........................................................13

                                                            Section Three At the conference ........................................14
                                                            1.   From the director - ‘A great buzz’....................................................................16
                                                            2.   Keen to learn and share – seminars and workshops ...............................17
                                                            3.   Celebrating success - special awards ............................................................18
                                                            4.   What are we doing here? Delegates speak.................................................19
                                                            5.   Conference shorts ................................................................................................22
                                                            6.   Bear essentials – some advice .........................................................................23

                                                            Section Four Focus on tourism ............................................24
                                                            1. The end of an era – a new paradigm .............................................................26
                                                            2. Romanian perspective ........................................................................................26
                                                            3. Charter at critical mass........................................................................................27

                                                            Section Five Federation business .......................................28
                                                            1. General assembly news .....................................................................................30
                                                            2. EUROPARC Consulting .......................................................................................30
                                                            3. Suggestions box ...................................................................................................31

         Picture: Thomas Stephan

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                       Section one                          Introduction
                                                            Europe’s wild heart became the continents capital
                                                            of protected areas as hundreds arrived to listen, learn,
                                                            debate – and dance

4   E U R O PA R C 2 0 0 8 CO N F E R E N C E R E P O R T                                                              5
                                                                 Stepping up                                                                                        From the start - with opening addresses from
                                                                                                                                                                    no less than two ministers - to the end, when
                                                                                                                                                                    one man’s lifetime of conservation work was
                                                                                                                                                                    honoured, the event lived up to its ‘High

                                                             to the challenge                                                                                       Conservation Values – High Management
                                                                                                                                                                    Standards’ title.

                                                                                                                                                                    EUROPARC Federation President Erika
                                                                                                                A dozen Romanian dancers, brimming
                                                                                                                                                                    Stanciu’s welcoming wish, that ‘most of all I
                                                                                                                with vitality, kicked off the 2008 EUROPARC
                                                                                                                                                                    hope you will benefit from the exceptional
                                                                                                                conference in Poiana Brasov with strength
                                                                                                                                                                    contacts you can make’ came true, as lively
                                                                                                                and style.
                                                                                                                                                                    connections and conversations were sparked
                                                                                                                                                                    across the rich range of over 50 presentations,
                                                                                                                Three busy days later, it seemed as if some
                                                                                                                                                                    training sessions, seminars and outings.
                                                                                                                of their exuberance was catching, as smiling
                                                                                                                delegates joined hands and, led by dancers,
                                                                                                                                                                    As conference moderator from peer
                                                                                                                circled the room in a lively traditional folk
                                                                                                                                                                    organisation Eurosite, Neil McIntosh
                                                                                                                dance at the closing celebration dinner.
                                                                                                                                                                    underlined that working in close
                                                                                                                                                                    collaboration with EUROPARC demonstrated
                                                                                                                Over 250 protected area professionals from
                                                                                                                                                                    the importance of networking across Europe.
                                                                                                                26 countries around Europe and beyond had
                                                                                                                gathered, listened, debated, voted, and studied
                                                                                                                                                                    Opening proceedings, minister Attila Korodi
                                                                                                                together at what, in their words, was ‘inspiring,
                                                                                                                                                                    of the Romanian Ministry of Environment
                                                                                                                provocative and positive’ - a conference which
                                                                                                                                                                    and Sustainable Development said it was an
                                              Romanian dancers entertaining participants on the opening night   ‘will help us operate effectively’.                                                                                                                      EUROPARC‘s president, Erika Stanciu, opening the conference
                                                                                                                                                                    honour to participate: ‘Protected areas are an    She paid tribute to her ‘great team, who
                                                                                                                                                                    important topic on the agenda at European         did a tremendous job in a short time’ and
                                                                                                                                                                    level – the role of the Europarc Federation is    highlighted the value of linking the event
                                                                                                                                                                    key. It is a great framework for co-operation.’   with the immediately preceding Carpathian
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Network of Protected Areas conference to
                                                                                                                                                                    Next, Laurian Gheorghe, a counsellor of           create ‘an exceptional week of networking
                                                                                                                                                                    the Ministry of Environment, introduced           and cooperation’.
                                                                                                                                                                    delegates to Romania’s uniquely diverse
                                                                                                                                                                    natural and cultural riches, ranging from         Michael Baltzer, Director of co-host WWF’s
                                                                                                                                                                    the Danube Delta, to rare populations of          Danube Carpathian Programme, agreed that
                                                                                                                                                                    large carnivores, to pristine forest and lively   the conference had been ‘a solidarity building
                                                                                                                                                                    customs and traditions.                           exercise, part of building an ecological network
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      across the Carpathians. We have a very special
                                                                                                                                                                    He outlined its history and systems of            co-operation with EUROPARC, working well
                                                                                                                                                                    protected areas, with the first designated        together to make exciting links, like welcoming
                                                                                                                                                                    in 1935; and the latest new law for nature        Ukrainian colleagues this week.’
                                                                                                                                                                    protection passed in 2007. A national agency
                                                                                                                                                                    for protected areas is being created, he          ‘It has put this important mountain region
                                                                                                                                                                    said. ‘We are at the beginning; increasing        on the map as the heart of wild Europe, the
                                                                                                                                                                    regulation, management and growth and             refuge of European diversity, and the last
                                                                                                                                                                    going forwards.’                                  bastion of wilderness and large carnivores.’

                                                                                                                                                                    Fast forward to the final evening, when Erika
                                                                                                                                                                    Stanciu pronounced the event a success:‘It was
                                                                                                                                                                    good to be in Romania, and we had excellent
                                                                                                                                                                    support from the authorities – ministries and
                                                                                                                                                                    the World Tourism Organisation included. It
                                                                                                                                                                    was hard work, but I hope colleagues have
                                                                                                                                                                    learned a lot about this region.’

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                       Section two                          Keynote

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1. ‘The wolf is in the chicken coop’                                             2. ‘Solidarity and friendship’
Challenges and opportunities for nature                                          Together for the Alps – alpine protected areas
protection in south eastern Europe
                                                                                 Key points:
Speaker: Andreas Beckmann (DE)                                                                                                    Speaker: Martin Pavlik (F)
                                                                                 • Generating solidarity: Existing since 1995,
Organisation: WWF Danube Carpathian programme                                                                                     Organisation: The Alpine Network of Protected Areas (ALPARC)
                                                                                 the network now includes 900 protected
                                                                                 areas, including 14 national parks, 60 natural
Key points:                                                                      parks, 340 nature reserves. Works through
• Huge biodiversity, huge threats:                                               international working groups, exchanges,
Carpathian region has two thirds of Europe’s                                     and generates an important side effect of
bears, immense natural forests. 20% of area                                      friendship.
under protection; on paper this looks good,
but ‘worth little in practice’. There is ‘an                                     • Work includes: important European
all out assault on these areas, with billions                                    projects including Natura 2000, monitoring,
going into development of ski facilities’ and                                    research, a long term survey to see how the
in Slovakia, a ‘simply disastrous war on the                                     countryside evolves, which will be repeated
environment’. The ‘wolf is in the chicken coop’.                                 every five years, and Alpencom, an Inter Reg
                                                                                 project to develop a common family identity
• Historic pressures: The sector is working                                      and look at ways of communicating together.
under difficult conditions. ‘The pressure for                                    Social games and get-togethers too.
                                                              Andreas Beckmann
development here is intense. It’s not limited to
this part of the world – we face it everywhere                                   • Aim is to move forwards: From ‘static
– but here there is less of a supporting culture;                                protection, to a dynamic way of nature
civil society is still embryonic, and the public                                 conservation’. Protected areas provide
passive and resigned to change coming                                            excellent sites for sustainable development,
from above. We are still working through the                                     and have a good link with the public to
consequences of the changes since 1989.’                                         showcase this.
• WWF response: with EUROPARC has
                                                                                 • Networking possibilities: Altitude is a
devoted time to training, capacity building
                                                                                 challenge – 75% of area is above 2000 metres
for nature conservation and management.
                                                                                 – ‘it’s in the valleys where the connections
‘There is so much at stake. We are in a race
                                                                                 are made.’ The Alpine and the Carpathians
and have a critical role to play in defending
                                                                                 are two related networks - the two massifs
and holding on to these natural riches.’                                                                                                                                                         Martin Pavlik
                                                                                 practically touch each other.
• The future: ‘Help us win this race – share
your experience, knowledge and skills at this                                    Full presentation:
conference - meet, learn, develop lasting                                        wwww.europarc.org/members/library
bonds.’ Committed efforts have pushed
governments to take notice, serving as a                                         www.alparc.com
precedent and example; ‘the hope is growing’.

• Protected areas critical: Staff like rangers
are a wonderful strength, and are ‘working
under difficult conditions to protect the
extraordinary natural patrimony’. Everyone
needs and depends on protected areas to
retain the resilience of natural ecosytems.

If you would like a copy of Andreas‘ speech
please write to us at office@europarc.org.

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3. ‘Hold hands and work together’                                                                           Grazia Borrini Feyerabend (IT)                                                                            4. ‘Protection of areas is not enough’
Governance – the key for effective                                                                           Organisations:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mainstreaming policies to support high nature
and equitable protected area systems                                                                        International Union for                                                                                   value land use across Europe
                                                                                                            Conservation of Nature
Key points:                                    part of it; equity – a fair sharing of the costs             (IUCN), World Commission
                                               and benefits of preserving biodiversity                                                                                                                                 Speaker: Guy Beaufoy (GB)
                                                                                                            on Protected Areas (WCPA),
• Emerging understanding: Legislation is       and managing sustainable resources in a                                                                            Key points:
awakening to the possibilities of governance
                                                                                                            Theme on Indigenous and
                                               sustainable way; to respect human rights,
                                                                                                            Local Communities, Equity and                                                                              Organisation:
of protected areas; an exciting venture into   ‘do no harm’ and have a positive impact on                                                                         • Concept of high nature value farming is
uncharted territory, which each and every                                                                   Protected Areas (TILCEPA)                                                                                  European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism (EFNCP)
                                               livelihoods wherever possible. These key                                                                           that it is ‘not just biodiversity hotspots that
one of us can play a role in.                  messages have fed into a programme of                                                                              we should protect’. We need to ‘control the
                                               work on governance, participation, equity                 aims, means, actions, results); governance is            dynamics of land use change,’ by supporting                                                                    Guy Beaufoy
• Responding to global concerns: Key           and benefit sharing.                                      who decides what to do, and how it is decided            high nature value farming, halting the
messages from the 2003 Vth World Parks                                                                   (power, responsibility, authority, accountability,       process of intensification and abandonment,
Congress in Durban were that conservation      • Participation is key: PAs should have full              and dealing with the conflicts that are inevitable       and communicating the realities of farming
needs: the capacities, concerns and            participation of society – new concept of                 when you make important choices). For the                on the ground to policymakers in cities.
engagements of society as a whole, not         community conserved areas – some of the                   most part, protected areas have been governed
expert professionals only; to pay more         most innovative thinking is around the area               without thinking about how and who.                      • High nature value farming is semi natural
attention to the ties between cultural and     of ‘governance’. There is an important new                                                                         vegetation; low intensity use of inputs,
bio diversities and to the conditions that     distinction between it and management.                    • Principles of good governance for protected            grazing systems, cropping. People on the
empower communities to help out and be         Management is what we do (understanding,                  areas include legitimacy, transparency,                  ground are important in the process.
                                                                                                         accountability, equity / fairness, vision / direction,
                                                                                                         performance, respect of human rights.                    • Places that are not normally protected
                                                                                                                                                                  are important for biodiversity, like microscale
                                                                                                         • Four main governance types: the                        mosaic plots near to villages. Certain farming
                                                                                                         government and agencies at different levels;             systems are internally valuable for biodiversity;
                                                                                                         various parties together; the owners of the              the whole point of the concept is not to
                                                                                                         land and natural resources; the concerned                designate areas; it’s not the location but the
                                                                                                         indigenous peoples and local communities.                type of farming which is important.
                                                                                                         ‘Indigenous peoples are legitimate stewards
                                                                                                         and managers of protected areas, but                     • Small scale farmers don’t need protection
                                                                                                         indigenously managed areas are the best                  but support and investment. Instead they
                                                                                                         kept secrets in conservation’. All types can             are marginalised by their environment and
                                                                                                         ‘hold hands and work together, because we                the policies we have created. Common
                                                                                                         need all the strength we can get.’                       Agricultural Policy (CAP) support is not getting
                                                                                                                                                                  to high nature value areas. We need changes
                                                                                                         • An effective system of protected areas                 to CAP, new maps, and open dialogue.
                                                                                                         would be complete; conserve biodiversity
                                                                                                         and natural resources; connected not                     • Local level projects are very important
                                                                                                         isolated; socially welcome; cost effective;              to high nature value farming. Integration
                                                                                                         flexible and secure. We need to embrace the              is possible – can happen especially within
                                                                                                         large spectrum of possibilities in the matrix            protected areas: ‘We need to change the
                                                                                                         – all possible combinations – then you can               whole system, with a rural policy for Europe
                                                                                                         take advantage of it – expand, address gaps              to support this kind of farming. We need to
                                                                                                         – and inbuild sustainability.                            focus on the socioeconomic question, not
                                                                                                                                                                  just habitat management but living farms.’
                                                                                                         Full presentation:
                                                                                                         www.europarc.org/members/library                         Full presentation:
                                                                                                         www.ccaforum.org; www.iucn.org/wcpa;
                                                                             Grazia Borrini Feyerabend   www.tilcepa.org                                          www.efcnp.org

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                                                             Section three
                              At the

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                                          1. From the director
                                          ‘A great buzz’
                                           ‘This is my first EUROPARC conference as          So it’s great to see it happening in reality:
                                          Director and I have been touched by the            to hear the lively hum of protected areas
                                          support and welcome from members, which            that really is the voice of protected areas in
                                          I really appreciate. The volunteers have done      Europe.
                                          a brilliant job – nothing’s been too much
                                          trouble, there have been a lot of changes to       International relations are founded on personal
                                          the programme and they have just got on            contact, and the great strength of EUROPARC
                                          with it.                                           is bringing people together. This is the biggest
                                                                                             gathering of protected area professionals
                                          Just to see this kind of buzz, of people getting   in Europe, and time to look forward and get
                                          together – that’s the magic ingredient.            involved in creating the future.’
                                          The best we can hope for is to create the
                                          opportunities and invite the members to                                  Carol Ritchie, Director,
                                          take them.                                                               EUROPARC Federation

                                                                                                                                                    2. Keen to learn and share
                                                                                                                                                    Sue Goodfellow helped organise the
                                                                                                                                                    conference’s programme of over 20 seminars
                                                                                                                                                    and workshops. Here she shares her
                                                                                                                                                    impressions of their effect.

                                                                                                                                                    ‘Stimulating and really useful’… ‘a good
                                                                                                                                                    learning experience’… ‘would have liked
                                                                                                                                                    longer’… were all comments from participants
                                                                                                                                                    in the new-style seminar and workshop format,
                                                                                                                                                    designed to allow more knowledge transfer.

                                                                                                                                                    Longer sessions meant that barriers to
                                                                                                                                                    communication, such as shyness and
                                                                                                                                                    language, were overcome and participants
                                                                                                                                                    joined in and engaged with the topics.
                                                                                                                                    Carol Ritchie
                                                                                                                                                    Big pluses also identified by participants were
                                                                                                                                                    identifying common issues, sharing knowledge
                                                                                                                                                    and learning new ways to deal with issues,
                                                                                                                                                    from specialists and from each other.

                                                                                                                                                    Ranging from the nature conservation
                                                                                                                                                    values of forests and farmland, to how to
                                                                                                                                                    become a charter park, and from developing
                                                                                                                                                    personal skills for engaging stakeholders to
                                                                                                                                                    sustainable financing, all the seminar and
                                                                                                                                                    workshop topics encouraged new insights
                                                                                                                                                    into the conference theme.                        Sue Goodfellow organised the conference seminars and workshops

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The role of EUROPARC in facilitating and                                                                                                      The Alfred Toepfer Scholarships were awarded
sharing knowledge and best practice was                                                                                                       to three outstanding young environmental
appreciated. I want to extend my thanks                                                                                                       professionals. Rachel Bland (GB), will study
on behalf of the Federation to all the                                                                                                        fire management and take a look at marine
leaders and chairs for their hard work and                                                                                                    protected areas on Greece, David Rodriguez
professionalism, and to participants for                                                                                                      (ES) will visit Moldova and report back on
creating such a positive experience.                                                                                                          their protected area management system
                                                                                                                                              and Razvan Deju (RO) will make a study of
Sue Goodfellow is Park Management                                                                                                             bison management in Poland.
Director, Dartmoor National Park, UK;
working for EUROPARC Consulting at the                                                                                                        For full citation and acceptance speech, go to
conference                                                                                                                                    www.europarc.com/what-we-do/
For a full list of seminars and workshops, and
further information including presentations
and outputs, go to www.europarc.org/                Training Seminar: Community engagement
members/library                                     and public participation in protected areas

                                                                                                                                              4. What are we doing here?
                                                                                                                                              Every year the EUROPARC conference draws
                                                                                                                                              together a wide range of protected area
                                                                                                                                              professionals from across the continent.
                                                                                                                                              Brasov was no different, with over 250
                                                                                                                                              delegates, from old hands to newcomers.
                                                                                                           3. Celebrating success             In their words, here’s why they came – and keep coming back…
                                                                                                                 Special awards highlighted
                                                                                                                  dedicated work in the        “It’s easy to make contacts here, because
                                                                                                                                              everyone is interested in the same subject.
                                                                                                                  past, present and future.   The atmosphere is very good. I came to
                                                                                                                                              listen and learn!” Koene Bik, Secretary
                                                                                                                                              of two national parks in Fryslan Province,
           At the gala dinner, the Alfred           protecting this rare and important habitat,                                               Netherlands, (first EUROPARC conference).
            Toepfer medal was awarded               last refuge of so many species.
            to Walter Frank (RO) for his                                                                                                      “I came to attend a very useful training
              dedicated work to protect             Accepting the award, he said: ‘I personally had                                           seminar on translating management
               Romanian          virgin     beech   the honour and the great luck to be active in                                             categories from national into IUCN
               forests since 1960. Described        this forest for more than 30 years without                                                equivalents, which will help us with the
                  as a ‘living institution’ whose   being stopped and I can’t remember a day                                                  challenges we are facing.”Jaroslav Ponikelsky,
                     ‘professional competence       that I haven’t worked with a lot of pleasure                                              Podyji National Park Administration, Czech
                     and friendly manner            and dedication.’                                                                          Republic, (first EUROPARC conference).
                    mean that he is someone
              who is approached by beech            He also warned that a significant proportion                                              “I came to know about European trends in
              forest researchers, nature            of this ‘miraculous, exceptional example of                                               this sector – about how people approach
             conservationist and foresters          ancient European forest’ was still under threat.                                          the problems they face. Here in Romania
all over Europe,’ he has played a key part in                                                                                                 we are in a place with huge biodiversity and
                                                                                                                                              low population density – this is the perfect
                                                                                                                                              place to test sustainable ecological systems         Jacqueline Groen, Texel National Park (NL)
                                                                     Walter Frank (RO) accepts the Alfred Toepfer Medal 2008

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for the future. I’m hoping to capture some
proposals. There’s a huge density of brains
and knowledge here; I hope some important
messages come out.” Tibi Hartel, Mihai
Eminescu Trust, Romania (first EUROPARC

“The presentations have been inspiring
– provocative but positive. The conference
helps us to operate effectively – and we
have to do that, especially in these times.
There will be no second chances if we destroy
nature.” Jacqueline Groen, Texel National
Park, South Kennemerland, Netherlands,
(second EUROPARC conference).

                                                                                                                             Koene Bik, Secretary of two national parks in NL

                                                               “The main task I have is to make contacts     Diploma for Protected Areas.” Roelof                               “I come to get more depth and a broader
                                                               in between the activities – to connect with   Heringa, Project manager and international                         perspective,    see     radically    different
                                                               people, and follow that up when I get         affairs, Staatsbeheer (state agency for forest                     approaches, and to fight complacency. Also
                                                               home. For example I use the conference        and nature management) Netherlands                                 to pick up on national links – its sometimes
                                                               to promote and take forward activities like   (third EUROPARC conference).                                       easier to see people from my own country
                                                               the work I do with the Council of Europe’s                                                                       when we’re away from home!” Gordon
                                                                                                             “I come to feel strength in numbers                                Watson, planning and strategy, Loch Lomond
                                                                                                             because working in nature conservation                             and the Trossachs National Park, United
                                                                                                             can often feel like being on the fringe. It’s                      Kingdom (third EUROPARC conference).
                                                                                                             empowering and inspiring to be among
                                                                                                             enthusiastic people, and to see the wider
                                                                                                             context.” Nick Halfhide, director, Deer
                                                                                                             Commission for Scotland, United Kingdom
                                                                                                             (third EUROPARC conference).
                      Tibi Hartel, Mihai Eminescu Trust (RO)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Niel Curwen, chairman of Cotswolds Conservation Board (UK)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       “I come here to find out what problems          “I come to develop higher standards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       other people have – which often helps us        for my area, and to get more strength by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       to solve our own! We have 34 million visitors   working together with others.” Johannes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a year, but no bears! It’s helpful to liaise    Hager, director of Eichfeld Hainich Wirratal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       with all sorts of people and gain some          Nature Park, Germany (sixth EUROPARC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       new perspectives.” Niel Curwen, chairman        conference).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of Cotswolds Conservation Board (protected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       area) United Kingdom (fifth EUROPARC

                                                                                                                                                                                       Jaroslav Ponikelsky, Podyji National Park Administration (CZ)

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5. Conference shorts
VITAL VOLUNTEERS                                        LET’S CELEBRATE                                                     presentation of a 10m long timeline which
                                                                                                                            displayed information about as many of
                                                        The EUROPARC Conference 2009 will be                                EUROPARCs member national parks.
                                                        held in Sweden (9-13 September) and will
                                                        celebrate 100 years history of Protected                            The parks sent in the information prior to
                                                        Areas in Europe, as the first nine European                         the conference and were asked too add
                                                        national parks were created in Sweden in
                                                        1909. The theme of the conference will
                                                        be “100 years of National Parks in Europe.
                                                        A shared inheritance; A common future”.

                                                        More information at www.europarc.org in the
                                                        coming months.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      6. Bear essentials
                                      Vital volunteer                                                                                                                                                 Half of Europe’s bears live in
A team of 30 volunteers helped the                                                                                                                                                                    Romania. Conference delegates
conference go with a swing, working 12
hours a day to keep the packed programme                                                                                                                                                              got some advice about what to do
running to schedule. Co-ordinator Marius
Turtica, of WWF DCP, said they had been                                                                                         The 10m time-line visualising 100 years of national parks in Europe
                                                                                                                                                                                                      if they met one…
hand picked for their language and social
skills and had all been keen to attend so                                                                                   to the timeline during the conference. Each                               Kings of the extensive Carpathian forests, bears
they could benefit from the workshops and                                                                                   meter represented 10 years of history and                                 have poor eyesight, operating by smell and
training on offer.                                                                                                          the information about each park was hung                                  hearing.
                                                                                                                            on the year that that protected area was
ON THE SIDE                                                                                                                 founded. Information is still being collected                             They avoid contact with humans. A very few -
                                                                          The conference flag is passed on to the Swedish   as the timeline will appear again next year, so                           like those visited by some delegates at Brasov
                                                                 Environmental Agency who will host the 2009 conference
Conference side meetings took forward                                                                                       if you are a national park and haven’t done                               municipal refuse site which have learned to
specialist areas of work, focusing on: promoting                                                                            so already please visit www.europarc.org/                                 recognise taxis - have lost this fear.
and generating support for wilderness in                JOIN THE TIMELINE                                                   working-together/current-activities and fill in
EU; transboundary protected areas; Alpine                                                                                   the questionnaire.                                                        They love to eat sweet things, can smell even
and Carpathian protected areas networking;              EUROPARC has just starting to implement                                                                                                       a drip of cola, will attack to get a rucksack,
Danube protected areas; contributions to                a project which will come to a head at                              The main outcome of the project will be the                               but won’t eat human flesh. If delegates were
IUCN World Conservation Measures; Charter               the conference next year in Sweden and                              collation of the information that we have                                 fortunate enough to meet a bear close up,
Parks Network; Wetlands working group and               celebrates 100 years of National Parks in                           recieved to produce a colour publication on                               they were advised to:
a Nordic-Baltic section                                  Europe. The project was launched at the                            conservation in national parks over the last
meeting.                                                 EUROPARC Conference in 2008 with the                               100 years. The publication will be presented                              1. Stop and withdraw slowly
                                                                                                                            to the public at the EUROPARC Conference in
                                                                                                                            Sweden next year.                                                         2. Identify what it was scenting – then
                                                                                                                                                                                                      throw that towards the bear and carry on
                                                                                                                            Contact Morwenna Parkyn at m.parkyn@                                      withdrawing
                                                                                                                            europarc.org for more details or visit the link
                                                                                                                            above.                                                                    3. If it got very close, then lie down and
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ‘play dead’. Don’t run – bears are faster than
                                                                                                                                                                                                      humans; and don’t climb a tree – he will
                                                                                                                                                                                                      climb or shake it.                                 Picture: Ramon Jurj

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                      Section four                           Focus
                                                               on tourism

24   E U R O PA R C 2 0 0 8 CO N F E R E N C E R E P O R T              25
1. The end of an era
We need a new paradigm for tourism,
said Eduardo Fayos-Sola in his address
to the plenary session
Climate change is affecting and will affect         Proactive governance of tourism for the
the future of tourism.                              environment is essential. Environmental
                                                    management has high costs; but the costs of
Apart from big plunges around events                non-management are unbearable.
like Avian Flu and 9/11, tourism has been
growing. But the increase in numbers is             Tourism has a role to play. It is the people’s
                                                                                                                                                                               the loft Carpathian mountains to dense
slowing, and business as usual is not going         building block for global peace and
                                                                                                                                                                               pine and beech forests to the Danube Delta,
to be the case in the coming years.                 understanding.
                                                                                                                                                                               teeming with bird life, and countryside
                                                                                                                                                                               which is a patchwork of wild flowers and
Looking forward, the focus will be on energy        Mr Fayos-Solar is General Director of the
                                                                                                                                                                               traditional farming.
technologies that don’t produce greenhouse          Regional European Office of the United
gases, rationalisation of energy use, increasing    Nations’ World Tourism Organisation. This
                                                                                                                                                                               The association develops and promotes
use of information technologies (including the      is edited highlights of his presentation; the
                                                                                                                                                                               eco tourism in Romania through a website,
possibility of virtual travelling), and proactive   full version is at www.europarc.org/
                                                                                                                                                                               catalogue and eco-certification scheme.                                                                  Lucia Nora Morar, secretary of state, Ministry of Tourism, Romania
governance in technological policy.                 members/library
                                                                                                                                                                               More information at www.eco-romania.ro
In the context of an economic downturn, the
role of tourism in solving social inequalities
will be important; as will its position as a                                                                                                                                   3. Charter at critical mass
vector and victim of climate change.                   Eduardo Fayos-Sola talks about the need for a new tourism paradigm   2. Romanian                                        Since the first seven protected areas signed    Aree Protette delle Alpi Lepontine (I), Sistema   - Serra do Xurés (E), Parque Natural Las

                                                                                                                            perspective                                        the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism
                                                                                                                                                                               in Protected Area in 2001, the European
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               di Aree Protette dell’ Oltrepò Mantovano (I),
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Parc naturel régional des Causses du Quercy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Batuecas-Sierra de Francia (E), Loch Lomond
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 & the Trossachs National Park (UK), Yorkshire
                                                                                                                                                                               Charter Network has grown significantly.        (F), Parque Nacional Garajonay (E), Parque        Dales National Park (UK).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Natural Sierras Subbéticas (E), Parque Natural
                                                                                                                            Lucia Nora Morar, secretary of state,              At the conference this year the charter was     Cabo de Gata-Níjar (E), Parque Natural del        The European Charter Network now includes
                                                                                                                            Ministry of Tourism, Romania, said the             awarded to Parco Regionale dell’Adamello (I),   Estrecho (E), Parque Natural Baixa Lima           58 protected areas from seven European
                                                                                                                            conference had been a good opportunity                                                                                                               countries. Another 21 candidates are
                                                                                                                            to analyse developments in Romania and                                                                                                               currently engaged in the process and likely
                                                                                                                            across Europe. Developing eco tourism was                                                                                                            to hand in their application documents to be
                                                                                                                            important, she said, and stressed that; ‘We                                                                                                          evaluated in 2009 and 2010. The Charter has
                                                                                                                            belong to the Carpathian Convention in                                                                                                               now reached a ‘critical mass’ in terms of the
                                                                                                                            order to protect the landscape, biodiversity                                                                                                         numbers of participating protected areas.
                                                                                                                            and natural resources.’                                                                                                                              It is, therefore, now especially important
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 to maintain the momentum of last years’
                                                                                                                            Andrei Blumer, the president of the                                                                                                                  activities and to define a long-term strategy
                                                                                                                            Association of Ecotourism in Romania, agreed.                                                                                                        for the European Charter.
                                                                                                                            ‘There is a market out there. At a global level,
                                                                                                                            sustainability is being practiced. What was                                                                                                          Please find more information on the European
                                                                                                                            the ‘iron curtain’ is now the ‘green belt’.’                                                                                                         Charter at www.european-charter.org or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 get in contact with Petra Dippold, project
                                                                                                                            More than a third of the European                                                                                                                    coordinator, at p.dippold@europarc.org
                                                                                                                            populations of brown near, wolf and lynx
                                                                                                                            live in Romania. It also has some of the most
                                                                                                                            superb, unexplored scenery in Europe, from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Petra Dippold

26    E U R O PA R C 2 0 0 8 CO N F E R E N C E R E P O R T                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          27
                      Section five                           Federation

28   E U R O PA R C 2 0 0 8 CO N F E R E N C E R E P O R T                29
1. General                                                                                             3. Suggestions box
assembly news                                                                                          With a new director and governance review, it’s been a year
At the ordinary and extraordinary general
                                                                                                       of change for the Federation. Our roving reporter asked delegates
assembly of the Federation, the hustings for
the election of board members, amendment
                                                                                                       what they thought the future should hold – here’s what they said…
to current procedures, financial report, budget
outline, annual report, governance review                                                              With a new director and governance review,        SUPPORT MEMBERS ‘Draw international                 FOCUS ‘Specific topic groups are a good way
and annual business report took place.                                                                 it’s been a year of change for the Federation.    attention to areas that are threatened in the       to engage a wide range of staff of protected
                                                                                                       Our roving reporter asked delegates what          new member states of Europe – stay behind           areas in subjects that are useful to them.’
For more information on these topics,                                                                  they thought the future should hold – here’s      us and against inappropriate development,’          (Edward Holdaway, EUROPARC Coastal and
please go to the meeting minutes                                                                       what they said…                                   and                                                 Marine working group, United Kingdom)
at www.europarc.org
                                                                                                       SURVEY MEMBERS ‘Don’t focus on tourism            USE EU CONTACTS ‘The EUROPARC role is to            BE INCLUSIVE ‘The mix of ages and people
                                                                                                       and easily marketable projects; identify          give us that international voice.’ (Gencho Iliev,   is very productive. Make sure enough time
                                                              At the EUROPARC Council elections 2008   common priorities and challenges by               Central Balkan National Park, Bulgaria)             at conference is left for talking, keep the
                                                                                                       surveying members to lead to new thematic                                                             active participation in site visits, look after
                                                                                                       programmes for future,’ and                       MONITOR GOVERNANCE ‘As a forum for                  the volunteers. Lastly, it would be good
                                                                                                                                                         communication and understanding the                 to produce a short list of what EUROPARC
                                                                                                       IDENTIFY UNIQUE SELLING POINT ‘Identify           Federation works. But with five members             does, for its members to use amongst their
                                                                                                       what is best about EUROPARC - and build it’ .     is the council large enough to adequately           colleagues.’ (David Hughes Hallet, Loch
                                                                                                       (Zbigniew Niewiadomski, Carpathian Network        represent the geography of the area?’ (Joseph       Lomond and the Trossachs National Park,
                                                                                                       of Protected Areas, Poland)                       Walker, Wicklow Uplands Council, Ireland)           United Kingdom)

                                                                                                       CLARIFY OBJECTIVES ‘Make clear the                EXTEND REACH ‘In Ukraine we have high
                                                                                                       objectives of EUROPARC, and what it does well’    quality protected areas. But there are new
                                                                                                       (Agnes Vozar, Ministry of Environment, Hungary)   challenges and we need to respond to them.
                                                                                                                                                         We are ready to establish a special link and
                                                                                                       WORK WITH SECTIONS ‘They are important            accept a new challenge. We need new
                                                                                                       and give good focus; otherwise things can         thinking and a programme of exchange co
                                                                                                       get too general,’ and                             ordinated by EUROPARC would be a practical
                                                                                                                                                         step forward.’ (Igor Ivanenko, State Agency for
                                                                                                       KEEP THE CONFERENCE ‘It provides a great          Protected Areas, Ukraine)                                                                   Voting box
                                                                                                       opportunity for people to meet.’ (Gudrun
                                                                                                       Stkristinsdottir, Thingvellir National Park,

                                                                                                       KEEP THE NETWORKING ‘I’ve been coming
2. Aiming high                                                                                         to the conference for 24 years. It is such
                                                                                                       a good feeling to be amongst people who
EUROPARC Consulting, the Federation’s                                                                  put nature first. Like a warm bath! Nature is
in-house consultancy arm, had a successful                                                             beyond boundaries, and this is a wonderful
year, with new projects including delivering                                                           way for people to approach each other.’
a training scheme in the Carpathians and                                                               (Elizabeth Ganzevoort, Ministry of Agriculture,
advising on new management structures in                                                               Nature and Food Quality, Netherlands)
Northern Ireland. Director Wilf Fenten invited
delegates to use the services of a team which                                                          SHARE INFORMATION ‘Knowledge and
benefits ‘you and the whole EUROPARC                                                                   experience could go both ways … perhaps
family’.                                                                                               set up a section in Ukraine, and include us
                                                                                                       in e-bulletins.’ (Bohdan Prots, WWF Danube
More information                                                                                       and Carpathian Programme and First National
at www.europarc-consulting.org                                At the EUROPARC Council elections 2008   Academy of Science, Ukraine)

30    E U R O PA R C 2 0 0 8 CO N F E R E N C E R E P O R T                                                                                                                                                                                               31
Copyright: EUROPARC Federation 2009

This report was written by Lucy Galvin on behalf of EUROPARC Consulting.
Edited by the EUROPARC Federation Directorate.

Design and Publishing: Graphic atelier H, Ltd., Prague

The production of this publication has been supported financially in the framework of the
European Commission‘s 2007 funding programme for European Environ-mental NGOs.
The information in this publication reflects the views of the authors only. The European
Commission is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.

32    E U R O PA R C 2 0 0 8 CO N F E R E N C E R E P O R T
                Piatra Craiului Natural Park (Ro).
                           Picture: Roving Romania

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