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新疆公路项目Ⅲ Powered By Docstoc
					                                 RP838
                                 V2


Ningbo Rural Development Project


  Social Assessment Report
        (Evaluation version)




          Fenghua Investment Co., Ltd.
Ningbo City Rural Domestic Wastewater Treatment
                   Project Office


                  June 2009
                                                        Contents

PREFACE ........................................................................................................................ 1

1 ABSTRACT................................................................................................................... 3

  1.1 TARGETS OF SOCIAL ASSESSMENT .............................................................................. 3
  1.2 RANGE OF SOCIAL ASSESSMENT ................................................................................. 3
  1.3 PREDICTED MAIN SOCIAL EFFECTS .............................................................................. 4
  1.4 IDEA AND ATTITUDE OF VILLAGE HABITANTS TO PROJECT ................................................ 4
  1.5 PROJECT INTEREST GROUP AND DEMANDS................................................................... 4
  1.6 ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL IMPACT OF PROJECT .................................................................... 5
  1.7 PAYMENT WILLING AND PAYMENT ABILITY ...................................................................... 6
  1.8 PROPOSALS ON IMPROVING DESIGN ............................................................................ 6
  1.9 IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL OF SOCIAL RISKS OF PROJECT ........................................ 7
  1.10 COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION ...................................................................................... 9

2 OUTLINE OF PROJECT ............................................................................................ 10

  2.1 BACKGROUND OF PROJECT ...................................................................................... 10
  2.2 COMPOSITIONS OF PROJECT .................................................................................... 11

3 OUTLINE OF SOCIAL ASSESSMENT ....................................................................... 12

  3.1 FORE-PHASE PREPARATIONS .................................................................................... 12
  3.2 SURVEY-INVOLVED RANGE........................................................................................ 12
  3.3 SITE SURVEY .......................................................................................................... 14
  3.3 PREPARATION OF REPORT ........................................................................................ 21

4 CURRENT STATUS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT OF
PROJECT-INVOLVED AREA ........................................................................................ 22

  4.1 CURRENT STATUS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NINGBO CITY........... 22
  4.2 CURRENT STATUS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PROJECT-INVOLVED
  COUNTIES (DISTRICTS)................................................................................................... 23

  4.3 CURRENT STATUS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT OF SURVEYED VILLAGES 33
  4.4 BASIC CONDITIONS OF QUESTIONNAIRE OBJECTS ....................................................... 39

5 UNDERSTANDING AND ATTITUDE OF THE VILLAGERS TO THE PROJECT ........ 49

6 ANALYSIS OF THE RELEVENT BENEFICIAL COLONY ........................................... 54

  6.1 IDENTIFICATION OF THE RELEVENT BENEFICIAL COLONY .............................................. 54
  6.2 ANALYSIS OF DEMAND OF RELEVENT COLONY ............................................................. 55
                                                              -i-
7 ANALYSIS OF THE SOCIAL INFLUENCE OF THE PROJECT.................................. 59

8 ANALYSIS OF THE PAYMENT WISH AND THE PAYMENT ABILITY ........................ 62

  8.1 THE PRESENT STATUS OF EXPENSES PAYMENT ........................................................... 62
  8.2 THE PAYMENT WISH AND THE PAYMENT ABILITY ........................................................... 63
     8.2.1 The payment wish .......................................................................................... 63
     8.2.2 The payment ability ........................................................................................ 69
        8.2.2.1 Selection of wished payment amount of the surveyed persons ................ 69

TABLE 8.2-5 .................................................................................................................. 76

        8.2.2.2 Calculation of the theoretical wished payment amount to the project ....... 78

9 PROPOSAL FOR IMPROVING THE PROJECT DESIGN.......................................... 81

  9.1 DISCOVERY OF SOCIAL APPRAISAL SURVEY AND PROPOSAL ......................................... 81
  9.2 REALIZATION OF RELEVENT PROPOSALS .................................................................... 82

10 IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL OF SOCIAL RISK ............................................. 84

  10.1 IDENTIFICATION OF SOCIAL RISK .............................................................................. 84
  10.2 CONTROL OF SOCIAL RISK ...................................................................................... 85

11 PARTICIPATION OF COMMUNITIES ....................................................................... 90

  11.1 THE BASIC PRINCIPLE AND FRAMEWORK OF PARTICIPATION ........................................ 90
     11.1.1 The basic principle of participation ................................................................ 90

⑮ HONESTY——PARTICIPATION OF COMMUNITIES SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT
THROUGH MUTUAL RESPECT AND TRUST. ............................................................. 90

     11.1.2 The basic framework of participation ............................................................ 90

12 CONCLUSION AND PROPOSAL ............................................................................. 93

  12.1 CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................ 93
  12.2 PROPOSAL ........................................................................................................... 94

ANNEX 1: TIME SCHEDULE OF SOCIAL SOCIAL APPRAISAL WORK OF NINGBO
NEW VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT ................................................................. 96

ANNEX 2: DETAILED TABLE OF PARTICIPANTS OF DISCUSSION ON THE
PROJECT OF RURAL DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT PERSON .............. 97

ANNEX 3: PROTOCOL OF TYPICAL DISCUSSION .................................................. 100



                                                             - ii -
                                      Preface

    December 2008, upon entrusting by Ningbo Municipal Rural Work Office
(Hereafter called as ―NMRWO‖), Hydrochina Huadong Engineering Corporation
(Hereafter called as ―ECIDI‖) undertook preparation of feasibility design, resettlement
action plan (policy frame)and report of social assessment for World Bank loaned
Ningbo New Rural Development Project Rural domestic wastewater treatment
Sub-project. Before 10 January 2009, ECIDI completed ―Terms of reference of
resettlement action plan and social assessment‖ and related survey sheets and
questionnaires and in middle of January it made deep communication and exchange
with related experts of World Bank Preparation Delegation and both parties in details
discussed purpose, contents and method of work and the contents of survey sheets
and questionnaire. Then, as per related opinions of World Bank’s experts, ECIDI
made careful modification and perfection and provided both parties-agreed terms of
reference, survey sheets and questionnaire, which will become the basis for further
work
    During the working period of World Bank Preparation Delegation in Ningbo,
ECIDI made exchange and discussion with related experts on main targets and work
range of this social assessment and finally reached agreement.
    From early of February to early March 2009 under great support and
coordination of NMRWO and departments of related counties (districts), ECIDI as per
the determined work    method and contents conducted 1 month’s social assessment
and site survey in related townships, towns and villages of 6 counties (districts)
(Ninghai County, Fenghua City, Yuyao City, Yinzhou County, Xiangshan County and
Jiangbei District).During the site survey period, ECIDI made data-collection, informal
discussion, interview and questionnaire with project interest-related groups of 26
villages in 9 townships (towns), further understand the opinions, complaints and
related proposal interest groups on the project and overall collected materials
necessary for social assessment
    After completion of site survey of social assessment, ECIDI immediately
summarized, sorted out and analyzed the related materials and questionnaire and in
end of March 2009 this report was provided. This social assessment work was
guided under and supported by Mr. Wang Chaogang and Mr. Xiejian of World Bank


                                         -1-
and the site survey was got active coordination by NMRWO, World Bank Project
Office and related departments of counties (districts), townships (towns), dub-districts
and village collectives. Here, we thank them for their supports and coordination.




                                          -2-
1 Abstract
    Ningbo New Rural Development Project consists of 2 sub-projects (Rural
Domestic Wsatewater Treatment Sub-project and Fenghua Chunhu Small-urban
Development Sub-project. Rural Domestic Wsatewater Treatment Sub-project will
mainly perfect construction of rural domestic wastewater treatment facilities of 200
administration villages in 6 counties (districts) (Ninghai County, Fenghua City, Yuyao
City, Yinzhou County, Xiangshan County and Jiangbei District) so as to 以 improve
village environment and upgrade construction level of new rural. Fenghua Chunhu
Small-urban Development Sub-project mainly focuses on investment in traffics,
water-supply and wastewater treatment Chunhu Town, Fenghua City to improve the
overall level of infrastructure of the said town.
1.1 Targets of social assessment
    Through full discussion consultation with related experts of World Bank, the main
targets of this social assessment are determined as follows:
    ⑴ Make the project-impacted groups and project-targeted groups well
understand targets and activities of project
    ⑵ Understand information advantageous to project design, such as farmer
households’ demands, payment willing, payment ability, participation willing and
participation mode
    ⑶ Intensify farmer households’ idea on environmental protection, and through full
consultation with farmer household propose possible wastewater treatment mode
and implementation mode to perfect the project design
    ⑷ Work        out   proper    community         participation   mechanism   to   make
project-impacted groups and project-targeted groups participate in selection, design
and implementation of project scheme, and post-phase management and
identification of project’s social impact, and raise proper mode avoid or decrease the
said impact and keep sustainability of project.
1.2 Range of social assessment
    Through full discussion consultation with related experts of World Bank, the work
range of this social assessment is determined as follows: Mainly in overall social
assessment of Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project and merely survey
of payment willing and payment ability of coastal water-supply works of Fenghua
Chunhu Small-urban Development Sub-project.

                                            -3-
1.3 Predicted main social effects
    The predicted social effects of this project are as follows:
    ⑴Improve the environmental and health conditions of project-involved rural area
 and health of rural habitants, decrease discharge of contaminants to local rivers,
 protect water quality of drinking water sources of areas of Ningbo City, keep
 ecological equilibrium and promote sustainable development of regional economy.
    ⑵Intensify idea on environmental protection of farmers in project-involved rural
area and promote environmental protection in rural area.
    ⑶ Improve the current situation of traffics, water-supply and wastewater
treatment facilities of trial towns, meet the demands on infrastructure by economical
development and improved people’s life level, promote urbanization progress of trial
towns, better investment environment and provide more employment opportunities.
1.4 Idea and attitude of village habitants to project
    The survey of social assessment shows that:
    ① Most village habitants have poor knowledge on domestic wastewater
treatment and treatment of septic tanks. Through briefing of items before survey and
in the questionnaire and introduction to environmental protection, village habitants
understand merits and demerits of wastewater treatment and deepen the idea on
scheme design.
    ②Most village habitants greatly support government-invested infrastructure;
however, for bearing of the involved project cost, the support degree obviously
decreases, even bearing of relatively low cost is not supported by most village
habitants.
    ③ Under prerequisite of proper mode and mechanism, most village habitants
strongly desire to participate in the project, but a few of village habitants have weak
willing of participation since they worry about their capacity.
1.5 Project interest group and demands
    We basically divide the related interest groups into main interest groups and
other interest groups.
    The main interest groups include project directly benefiting group and the group
negatively impacted by the project. For Rural domestic wastewater treatment
Sub-project, they include the rural habitants of villages in the project service-covered
range and the group negatively impacted by the project, such as re-settlers and weak


                                           -4-
groups. Implementation of this project will generate related operation and
maintenance expenses, hence focusing on weak groups shall mainly focus on the
low-income people.
    Other interest groups are the interest groups such as project owner, project
implementation mechanism and related governmental departments, including
governments of Ningbo City and project-involved counties (districts), responsible unit
for the project of governments of Ningbo City and project-involved counties (districts)
-rural work office design and consultation units, construction units, and other related
functional departments of each level government.
    The survey shows that the demands of main interest-related groups are as
follows:
    ① Building wastewater treatment project and improving village’s environmental
           and health conditions
    ② Improving water-supply system, water-supply guaranty ratio and water
           quality
    ③ Developing village economy, promoting regional economy development and
           enriching habitants
    ④ Making land-acquisition compensation and resettlement work
    ⑤ Empting or reducing expenses for low-income families
    The main demands of project owner and implementation mechanism are as
follows:
    ① Organizing related training and instruction as early as possible to effectively
           organize specific implementation
    ② Desiring approval of project from related departments as early as possible to
           realize early implementation and early benefiting people
    ③ Desiring economical and rational technical scheme to effectively decrease
           construction and operation cost
    ④ Wishing the project to play effective and demonstrative role and promote
sustainable development of social economy of the region
1.6 Analysis of social impact of project
    The social impact of this project includes positive impact and negative impact:
    Positive impact
    ①improve village environment, decrease discharge of contaminants and protect


                                              -5-
water quality of drinking water sources
    ②Intensify farmers’ idea on environmental protection and promote
environmental protection of rural area
    ③Decrease occurrence of diseases and promote rural habitants’ health
    ④Help the project owner and implementation mechanism to improve project
management level and absorb foreign advances experiences in wastewater
treatment
    Negative impact
    ①Implementation of project will involve permanent acquisitioning of partial land.
    ②During project construction period, village habitants’ normal life would be
disturbed.
    ③The operation and management expenses of project would render the
low-income families economical burden.
1.7 Payment willing and payment ability
    401 questionnaires on Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project show
that totally 282 surveyed persons will bear related expenses, accounting for 70.32%
of total survey objects and denoting strong payment willing.
    405 questionnaires on Fenghua coastal water-supply works show that merely 1
surveyed person will not bear the expenses, which denotes that the payment willing
of survey objects for Fenghua coastal water-supply works is much stronger than that
for rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project.
    As per fuzzy mathematics analysis method, for the rural domestic wastewater
treatment    sub-project   per-household    mean       payment   willing   amount       is
3.98RMB/month and calculated with the same method the highest per-household
mean payment willing amount (Ninghai County) is 6.55RMB/month and the lowest
one (Yinzhou County) 1.06RMB/month. For Fenghua coastal water-supply works
per-household mean payment willing amount 8.73RMB/month
    The survey data analysis shows that the relationship between village habitants’
income and payment willing is the strongest and the relationship coefficient of Rural
domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project is 0.98 and that of Fenghua Coastal
Water-supply Works 0.71.
1.8 Proposals on improving design
    After sorting out and summaries of survey materials and site interview records,


                                          -6-
the proposals for design of Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project are as
follows and they shall be executed in design.
     ①The pipe network arrangement and the position of sewage terminal treatment
facilities shall conform to village plan and village habitants’ willing and land shall be
saved. Before design, ECIDI engineering design survey group and social assessment
survey group shall jointly in site make basic survey and carefully learn the village plan,
to-be-built items and village habitants’ willing.
     ②If possible, the scheme of low operation expenses shall be selected to reduce
local village habitants’ economical burden during operation process.
     ③The selected engineering design scheme shall be accepted by local habitants.
ECIDI engineering design team from middle to end of March 2009 channeled and
exchanged with habitants and cadres of related village of counties (districts), fully
adopted their opinions and suggestions and the final scheme embodies local
habitants’ willing.
1.9 Identification and control of social risks of project
     ECIDI social assessment work group thinks that in this project the liable potential
social risks mainly include the followings:
     ⑴Risk of low support ratio from habitants of project construction village
     Lack of supports from village habitants will seriously impair project construction
and post-phase operation effects.
     ⑵ Risk of village of weak collective economic base to bear system operation
expenses
     The collective economic income of large amount of villages in water source
 protection area is very limited and is merely able to bear the public expenses and it
 is very difficult to bear the operation expenses of wastewater treatment system.
     ⑶Risk of project post-phase operation management
     The following management of operation and maintenance of rural domestic
wastewater treatment facilities is very important. If the related expenses and
technology are unable to effectively solve, great amount of labors and financial forces
put in engineering design and construction will fail to play the due effects and result in
serious waste.
     ⑷Risk of habitants’ unhealthy life style and realization of project targets
     Village habitants’ unhealthy life style would increase sewage volume and result



                                            -7-
in blocked pipeline, which would make further operation management difficult and
would be disadvantageous to prolonged effective operation of the entire wastewater
treatment facilities.
     ⑸Resettlement risk
     Improper compensation and resettlement would impair social stability and
re-settlers’ production and life level and generate contradiction to project
construction.
     The social assessment work group raises the following measures to control the
risks:
     ⑴ The project-related information shall be in advance far-reached in villages
within the project range to make village habitants understand the said information
and actively support project construction.

     ⑵ Before project construction, the villages shall be carefully selected to prevent
the villages the support degree of whose habitants is extremely low from listing in the
project range.
     ⑶ The indoor pipeline reform scheme for village habitant families shall be
decided before commissioning of sewage pipe network and terminal treatment
facilities. Only after county (district) sub-project office accepts the indoor pipeline
reform scheme of each village, may be sewage pipe network works and terminal
treatment facilities be commissioned.
     ⑷ During project implementation period, village habitants will get some
employment and trade opportunity, which will somewhat increase village habitants’
income and promote active support to project construction.
     ⑸ Ningbo City and each county (district) government shall differently treat
 villages of different collective economic level and exempt or decrease partial of
 system operation and maintenance expenses villages of low collective economic
 level.
     ⑹ Each village habitant committee shall select related personnel to participate in
operation and maintenance of wastewater treatment system and the contractor shall
be responsible for their training. The operation and maintenance status of each
village’s wastewater treatment system shall be combined with examination and
competition and the supervision and incentive mechanism shall be perfected.
     ⑺ Each county (district) sub-project office shall intensify instruction to village


                                         -8-
habitants on environmental protection, enhance their idea on environmental
protection and supervise them to eliminate the unhealthy life style.
    ⑻ The design, shall be optimized to minimize acquisitioning scale of
project-involved land and the impact on village habitants, and the resettlement and
compensation shall be made to prevent the re-settlers from decreased life level by
the project construction.
1.10 Community participation
    The basic principles for community participation are as follows:

     (I) Exchange – Careful hearing from and discussing with another party,
understanding its demands and idea and striving to reach consistency.
     (II)Transparency- Opening the routes to announce and obtain information and
making related information contents and back-feed clear and consistent.
     (III) Cooperation-Different interest groups shall make full cooperation to reach
 mutual benefiting.
     (IV)Tolerant- Different interest groups shall know and understand the entire
process of project from exchanged viewpoint.
     (V)Sincere-Community participation shall be made under basis of mutual
respecting and credit of both parties.




                                          -9-
2 Outline of project
2.1 Background of project
    Ningbo is at middle section of Chinese coastal line and eastern end of Ningshao
Plain (Zhejiang). It eastwards joins with Zhoushan Archipelago, northwards with
Hangzhou Bay, westwards with Shengzhou, Xinchang and Shangyu (Shaoxing City),
and southwards with Sanmen Bay to connect Sanmen and Tiantai (Taizhou). It has
total area 9365 square kilometers, including urban area 1033 square kilometers. In
2008 Ningbo City reached regional GDP 396.41 billion RMB, 10.1%higher than the
last year, and per capita GDP 69997 RMB (10079 USD converted at annual mean
exchange rate, first exceeding 10000 USD).
    Under the central spirit of harmonic, better and faster development of national
economy development, Ningbo Cit, as a famous historical and cultural city, excellent
tourist city and model city of environmental protection, still faces serious problems:
high total discharge volume of main contaminants, serious contamination of
agricultural face source and obvious structural contamination. The environmental
condition is not good, water environment quality, water quality excellence ratio and
functional conformity ratio are rather low, urban rivers and plain river net are
subjected to serious organic contamination, and total phosphorous and total nitrogen
of drinking water sources of partial reservoirs exceed the specified value
    In accordance with State Council ―Several opinions on promoting socialist new
rural construction‖ [ZF [2006]1), Zhejiang Provincial Government decides to overall
conduct socialist new rural construction, strives to build agriculture into an effective
ecological agriculture which has strong market competitive power, enriches farmers
and keeps sustainable development, build village into a new rural civilized community,
trains farmers to new farmers who adapt industrial and agricultural development,
have knowledge and technology and are able to conduct trade, and form a integrated
new development style of mutual supplementation and promotion and joint blooming
of urban and rural.
    In accordance with requirements of central and provincial government on
socialist new rural construction and in combination with ―Hundred-village
demonstration and thousand-village treatment ‖ implemented from 2003, Ningbo
Municipal Communist Party Committee and Municipal Government actively carry out
rural environment treatment, seek for cooperation with World Bank and raise Ningbo


                                            10
Socialist New Rural Development Project. They desire to through utilization World
Bank funds, introduce advanced technology and management idea and further
upgrade overall level of Ningbo socialist new rural construction.
2.2 Compositions of project
    Ningbo New Rural Development Project consists of 2 sub-projects: Rural
domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project and Fenghua Chunhu Small-urban
Development Sub-project, with their shown in Table 2.2-1.
            List of contents of Ningbo New Rural Development Sub-project
    Table 2.2-1

   Name of
                Works                       Contents
  sub-project
      Rural
   domestic     Rural domestic wastewater treatment of about 200 administration villages in 6
  wastewater    counties (districts) (Ninghai County, Fenghua City, Yuyao City, Yinzhou County,
   treatment    Xiangshan County and Jiangbei District)
  Sub-project
                                            Totally 6.17km from planned west terminal of West
                Chunhu Town outwards        Loop Route of Chunhu Town plan Fenghua Rail
                express works               station, the main road connecting Chunhu Town
                                            with Fenghua City.

   Fenghua                                  With DN1200 pipe connecting current situation
   Chunhu       Fenghua          Coastal    Qiujiashan Water Plant, building boost station,
 Small-urban    Water-supply Works          after boosting supplying water to Chunhu Town,
 Development                                having total 9.08km trunk
  Sub-project
                Chunhu Town sewage
                                            In Chunhu Town newly building a sewage
                treatment  Plant  and
                                            treatment plant of near period treatment capacity
                Necessary Sewage Pipe
                                            13000t/d, and 19.1km necessary pipe network
                Network Works




                                             11
3 Outline of social assessment
3.1 Fore-phase preparations
    From December 2008, ECIDI made full preparations for this social assessment.
    ⑴Establishing work team
    After receiving entrusting letter, ECIDI established project work team and
primarily determined the staffing and work plan. At first, it organized its experts to
carry out project planning, made discussion on key and difficult points in working out
social assessment and resettlement action plan and the link with design, primarily
ascertained the work method and work procedures, and actively exchanged and
channeled with NMRWO and Ningbo World Bank Loan Project Office, which puts
sound basis for smooth progress of project.
    ⑵Carrying out background survey
    From 23 to 26 December 2008, some members of work team in coordination
with ECIDI Ningbo rural domestic wastewater treatment project design section took
part in survey of 6 villages involved by survey rural domestic wastewater treatment
sub-project, primarily learnt basic conditions of social economy each village and
township (town), habitants’ payment willing and primary resettlement scheme, which
put a good basis for preparation of terms of reference.
    ⑶Completion of preparing terms of reference of social assessment
    As per requirements of World Bank and in combination with pre-survey work, in
early of January 2009 ECIDI completed ―Terms of Reference of Social Assessment of
Ningbo New Rural Development Project ― (Hereafter called as ―Terms of Reference of
Social Assessment ‖) and in middle January 2009 submitted the said terms of
reference to World Bank Preparation Delegation, made full discussion with World
Bank experts and project owner, and then as per experts’ opinions and suggestions
made modification and perfection,, which will become one important basis for this
work.
3.2 Survey-involved range
    As per requirements of World Bank and contents of ―Terms of Reference of
Social Assessment‖, the social assessment mainly completed social economical
survey of 10% of 200 villages (i.e. 20 villages) for Chunhu Town and Rural domestic
wastewater treatment Sub-project, 400 questionnaires on payment willing and
payment ability for Fenghua Coastal Water-supply Works and 400 social assessment


                                          12
questionnaires for rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project.
     In accordance with memo of World Bank Preparation Delegation in January
2009 and related requirements of NMRWO, during the social assessment survey
period, for the Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project the village shall be
selected. The habitants of the optional villages were subjected to questionnaire of
public willing.
     Because of partial same contents in social assessment survey and public willing
of village selection survey, the questionnaire design and site survey for them are
combined and the information and data collected from the questionnaires are used in
social assessment analysis.
     As per the above survey requirements, ECIDI social assessment work group and
engineering feasibility design survey group from early of February to early of March
2009under support and coordination of Ningbo City and each county (district)
government and related departments made site survey in NMRWO-selected 2
villages of 5 counties (districts) in Ninghai, Fenghua, Yuyao, Yinzhou and Xiangshan
as well as village range involved by design scheme of Fenghua Chunhu Small-urban
Development Sub-project. The final effective survey totally involves 26 administration
villages of 9 townships (towns), of which Rural domestic wastewater treatment
Sub-project involves above 19 villages of 8 townships (towns) in 5 counties (districts)
and Fenghua Chunhu Small-urban Development Sub-project involves 7 villages of
Chunhu Town, Fenghua City. The distribution of survey villages of this project social
assessment is shown in Table 3.2-1.




                                          13
Distribution of social assessment survey villages for Ningbo New Rural Development
                                             Project
    Table 3.2-1
                                     Quantity
                        Involved
                                          of
     Sub-project         county                                  Name of village
                                     involved
                        (district)
                                      villages
                                                  Zhangliao Village and Zhubu Village of
                        Ninghai
                                        4         Huangtan Town, Shanyang Village and
                        County
                                                  Zhaoan Village of Chalu Town
                        Fenghua                   Mingxi Village of Xikou Town, Baikeng Village
                                        3
                          City                           and Nanxi Village of Dayan Town
    Rural domestic
                                                  Dongxi Village, Henglu Village, Gaonan
     wastewater
                       Yuyao City       5         Village, Yaxian Village and Hexi Village of
      treatment
                                                  Liangnong Town
     Sub-project
                        Yinzhou                   Duao Village, Dajiao Village, Meilong Village
                                        4
                        County                    and Lijiakeng Village of Zhangshui Town
                                                  Nanchong Village of Maoyang Township,
                       Xiangshan
                                        3         Jiaoheng Village and Yekou Village of
                         County
                                                  Dingtang Town
                                                  Jindi Village, Jiedong Village, Wujiabu Village,
  Fenghua Coastal       Fenghua
                                        7         Xixie Village, Tongshan Village, Wenao
 Water-supply Works       City
                                                  Village and Tingjiaosi Village of Chunhu Town
           Total            6           26


3.3 Site survey
    This social assessment and site survey mainly include site informal discussion,
questionnaire and collection of related references
    ⑴Informal discussion
    During the site survey period, ECIDI social assessment work group totally made
40 times of informal discussion with related counties (districts), townships, towns and
villages    and as per different stress points for objects and contents, the informal
discussion is divided into 3 types: I. Informal discussion with Ningbo City and each
level government and related departments project-involved each county (district).
This type of informal discussion was totally undertaken for 4 times and mainly sought
for their understanding and proposal on Rural domestic wastewater treatment
Sub-project. II. Informal discussion with collective leading team of project-involved
villages. This type of informal discussion was totally undertaken for 27 times,
including 20 times for Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project and 7 times
for Fenghua Coastal Water-supply Works, and mainly sought for their understanding,
opinions and attitude. III. Informal discussion with rural habitants directly impacted by
the project. This type of informal discussion was totally undertaken for 19 times,

                                                 14
including 14 times for Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project and 5 times
for Fenghua Coastal Water-supply Works and mainly through briefing compositions
and targets of project sought for their demands, environmental idea, existing
wastewater treatment mode, payment willing, participation willing and mode, worried
issues and proposal on design, construction and operation. According to basic
statistics, about 900 governmental officials and people took part in the informal
discussion conducted by this social assessment work group.
    It should be noted that before each informal discussion, ECIDI environmental
protection personnel will through slides introduce attending village leaders or village
habitant representatives for 15 minutes on the following issues: problems of domestic
wastewater treatment of Chinese rural (mainly Ningbo City and villages completed in
previous survey) and generated hazards, treatment methods used in domestic and
foreign similar projects and experiences, treatment methods measures to be taken in
this project, and the possible impact on village habitants’ normal life, which is mainly
for propagating knowledge on environmental protection to intensify village habitants’
idea on environmental protection and providing them related information to deepen
their understanding and make much correct judgment. This is also one of important
means to make the project-impacted groups and project-target groups further
understand targets and activities of project.
    The particulars of informal discussions carried out by ECIDI in project-involved
counties (districts) are shown in Table 3.3-1.




                                           15
 List of informal discussions of social assessment for Ningbo New Rural Development
                                               Project
Table 3.3-1
                Informal                           Times of informal discussion
Sub-project    discussion
                 objects     Total   Ninghai    Fenghua    Yuyao   Yinzhou   Xiangshan   Jiangbei

               Each level
               government
                              4        1              1      1                    1
    Rural      and related
 domestic      departments
wastewater     Village
 treatment     collectives    20       4              4      5        4           3
Sub-project    leading
               team
                   Rural
                              14       4              4      4                    2
                 habitants
               Village
               collectives    7                       7
               leading
 Fenghua       team
  Coastal
Water-supply
  Works          Rural
                              5                       5
                habitants




                                                 16
Village cadres’ informal discussion undertaken by social assessment work group in Fenghua
Xikou Town Mingxi Village




   Social assessment work group introduces project in Yinzhou Zhangshui Town Duao Village


                                            17
Village habitant representatives’ informal discussion undertaken by social assessment work group
in Yuyao Liangnong Town


     ⑵Questionnaire
     In order to understand social economic features, demands, attitude, opinions
and proposal to project, payment willing and payment ability of different groups of the
impacted objects, ECIDI social assessment work group conducted questionnaire to
rural habitants of project-impacted areas. The questionnaire contents combines
design scheme, implementation and post-phase operation management                  in an effect
to understand rural habitants’ social economic features, demands, attitude, opinions
and proposal to project, payment willing and payment ability.
     As per different questionnaire contents, during this site survey period the
 questionnaire is divided into 3 types. Type I: Social assessment survey
 questionnaire for Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project. II. Survey
 questionnaire of payment willing and payment ability for Fenghua Coastal
 Water-supply Works. III. Survey questionnaire of public willing of village-selection for
 Rural domestic wastewater treatment Project. This survey totally completed 422
 social assessment survey questionnaires for Rural domestic wastewater treatment


                                              18
 Sub-project with 401 effective questionnaires (effectiveness ratio 95.02%), including
 Ninghai County 75 questionnaires, Fenghua City 81questionnaires, Yuyao City 117
 questionnaires, Yinzhou County 79 questionnaires, Xiangshan County 49
 questionnaires, and completed 439 survey questionnaires of payment willing and
 payment ability for Fenghua Chunhu Small-urban Development Sub-project
 Fenghua Coastal Water-supply Works with 405 effective questionnaires (conducted
 in 7 villages of Chunhu Town with questionnaire effectiveness ratio 92.26%), and
 completed 5811 survey questionnaires Rural of public willing of village-selection for
 Domestic wastewater treatment Project with 5756 effective questionnaires
 (effectiveness ratio 99.05%), including Ninghai County 1014questionnaires,
 Fenghua City 1145 questionnaires, Yuyao City 1474 questionnaires,           Yinzhou
 County 934 questionnaires and Xiangshan County 1189 questionnaires. The
 quantities of completed questionnaire meet the requirements of ―Terms of Reference
 of Social Assessment‖.
    The particulars of questionnaires carried out by ECIDI in project-involved
counties (districts) are shown in Table 3.3-2.




                                           19
     List of informal discussions of social assessment questionnaires for Ningbo New
Rural Development Project
     Table 3.3-2

                                     Involved             Site    Quantities   of   Effective
                     Type of
 Sub-project                         county            surveyed   completed         quantities   of
                 questionnaire       (town)             persons   questionnaire questionnaire
                                     Ninghai
                                                         74             79                75
                                     County
                                     Fenghua
                                                         77             87                81
                                     City
                 Social              Yuyao City          115           120                117
                 assessment
                 survey              Yinzhou
                                                         76             81                79
                                     County
                                     Xiangshan
                                                         45             55                49
                                       County
Rural domestic
 wastewater                           Sub-total          387           422                401
  treatment                           Ninghai
 Sub-project                                             74           1023               1014
                                      County
                                      Fenghua
                                                         77            1157              1145
                                        City

                 Public willing of   Yuyao City          115          1488               1474
                 village-selection
                                      Yinzhou
                 survey                                  76            941                934
                                      County
                                     Xiangshan
                                                         45           1202               1189
                                       County
                                      Sub-total          387           5811              5756
 Fenghua           Survey of
  Coastal        payment willing      Fenghua
                                                         384           439                405
Water-supply      and payment           City
  Works              ability


     It should be noted that in the completed social assessment survey questionnaire
and payment willing and payment ability survey questionnaire the surveyors
assessed the confidence degree of the answers and status of the objects during the
survey. The assessment results             shows that no survey object was excited or
strained and merely 11 objects (2.84% of objects) made slight complaint (for
somewhat long survey time), including 6 objects for Rural domestic wastewater
treatment Sub-project and 5 objects for Fenghua Coastal Water-supply Works. Under
explanation of surveyors they finally completed questionnaire. As per the site
completed and in combination with coordination degree of the objects and their status


                                                  20
during the survey process and understanding of other related issues, the surveyors
assessed the questionnaires ―Completely creditable‖ and ―Greatly creditable‖. In
general, the completed survey questionnaires objectively reflect current rural situation
and village habitants’ true idea and are highly creditable.
    ⑶Collection of materials
    In addition to informal discussion and questionnaire, collection of materials is
also one of main contents for this social assessment survey and the social
assessment work group shall collect materials mainly in following aspects:
    ⑴Quantity and structure of population, each economic index (income and
outcome), professional composition,      cultural quality and labors flow of
project-involved counties (districts) and related villages, mainly collecting 2008
statistic yearbook and related reports and tables
    ⑵Collecting related local customs, new rural construction, habitants’ minimum
living security, and development of social undertaking of health and aid-the-poor, and
related policy and standard
    ⑶Collecting local related local implementation method and policy and standard
    for compensation and resettlement for land-acquisition and removal
    ⑷Collecting related local policy and specification on operation and maintenance
    mechanism, charging and pricing on water-supply and wastewater treatment
    The above materials necessary for social assessment are collected from
competent departments of each county (district) government and are the latest
statistics materials and prevailing applicable policies and standards.
3.3 Preparation of report
    After completion of site survey of social assessment, ECIDI carefully sorted out
and analyzed the collected materials, questionnaires and records of informal
discussion and on this basis completed this social assessment report.




                                           21
4 Current status of social and economical development of
project-involved area
4.1 Current status of social and economical development of Ningbo City
    Ningbo City is divided into 6 districts (Haishu, Jiangdong, Jiangbei, Zhenhai,
Beilun and Yinzhou), 2 counties (Ninghai and Xiangshan) and 3 agent county-level
city (Cixi, Yuyao and Fenghua). In 2008, it has total population 5.681 million, 6.3%
higher than the last year, including urban area population 2.201 million, population
birthrate 8.15‰, population death rate 5.97‰ and natural population growth rate
2.18‰. It realized regional GDP 396.41 billion RMB, 10.1% higher than the last year,
including growth rate of primary industry 4.1%, growth rate of secondary industry
10% and growth rate of tertiary industry 11%. The per capita GDP calculated on
household-base was 69997 RMB (10079 USD converted at annual mean exchange
rate, first exceeding 10000 USD). The financial general budget income was 81.09
billion RMB, 12% higher than the last year, including local financial income 39.04
billion RMB, 18.6% higher than the last year. The agricultural economy was steadily
developed and. gross output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and
fishery 26.3 billion RMB, 4% higher than the last year, and grain plantation area was
8.9% higher than the last year. The industrial structure was further optimized, service
industry spanning development strategy is deeply implemented and service industry
still keeps in advancing position. The total retail volume of social consumables was
19.6% higher than the last yea. The industrial dual-increase plan was overall
implemented gross industrial output exceeded trillion RMB, and reached 1.0937
trillion RMB, 13.9% higher than the last year, including industrial output of scaled
enterprises 889.18 billion RMB, 12.7% higher than the last year. It completed
investment in social fixed assets 172.82 billion RMB, 8.2% higher than the last year.
The investment structure was further optimized and that in tertiary industry,
agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery and social undertaking investment
was 12.1%, 48.9% and 23.5% higher than the last year respectively.
    Education undertaking was steadily developed, service type education system
was ceaselessly built, and the system of exemption of oddly fee, textbook and
notebook fee in urban and rural compulsory education was overall implemented. The
urban and rural allocation of health sources was much equilibrium, public health
system was gradually perfected, medical service capacity medical service was

                                          22
ceaselessly improved, and health service coverage ratio was 100% and 90% in
urban community rural respectively. First run of standardization construction of rural
townships (towns) clinic was basically completed. The culture and sports undertaking
was harmonically developed. Ningbo was successively titled as national civilized city.
Its employment situation is basically stable, 133000 posts were increased in urban
and 66000 post-waiting persons were re-employed. The urban registered
unemployment ratio was 3.3% and was kept at low level. Social security was further
intensified and novel rural pension system was overall established and the persons
joining social insurance fast grew. The urban and rural habitants’ minimum living
security level, enterprise employee pension and aid standard for difficult families
were increased. The urban and rural habitants’ income fast grew. Per urban area
habitant disposable income was 5304 RMB, 13.4% higher than the last year and per
rural habitant pure income was 11450 RMB, 13.9% higher than the last year, of which
per capita wage income in urban and rural was 19270 RMB and 6816 RMB, 16.6%
and 16.0% higher than the last year respectively. The income difference between
urban and rural habitants was reduced from 2.219: 1 in 2007 to 2.210: 1 in 2008. The
consuming outcome per urban habitant was 16379 RMB, 17.7% higher than the last
year, and Engel coefficient was 37.3%. The consuming outcome per rural habitant
was 9174 RMB, 13.8% higher than the last year and Engel coefficient was 40.9%,
0.8% lower than the last year.
4.2   Current     status    of   social   and    economical      development       of
project-involved counties (districts)
⑴Ninghai County
Ninghai County is at eastern coastal region of Zhejiang Province and at south end of
Ningbo City. It has south-north width 49.4km, east-west length 64.4km and total area
1880 square kilometers. Ninghai County joins eastwards with Xiangshan County,
southwards with Sanmen County, westwards with Tiantai and Xinchang and
northwards with Fenghua. It enjoys excellent geographic position, Xiangshan Port
passes its northeast portion and Sanmen Bay is at its southeast. It has 176km
coastal line and its terrain is high at west and low at east and landform is complex
and variable. Of its total continent area, the low valley of elevation 500-1000 m
accounts for 10.1%, 50-100 m hilly ground accounts for 61.5%, and area of terrace
and flat ground below 50 m is 534km² and accounts for 28.4%. Ninghai County is at


                                          23
northern margin of sub-tropical belt and belongs to sub-tropical monsoon wet climate
area, and has distinct 4 seasons, obvious monsoon, plentiful rainfall and superiority
in lighting and heat. Its annual mean air temperature 16.2℃, ultimate highest air
temperature 39.7℃, ultimate lowest air temperature -9.6℃, annual mean frost-free
period 230 days, sunshine duration 1885.3 hours, annual rainfall 1628.8mm and
highest daily rainfall 355.7mm. Rainfall is mainly from May to September, accounting
for65.8% of rainfall of entire year.
At end of 2007 Ninghai County had total population 595193, including agriculture
population 506362 and non-agriculture population 88831 and reached population
density 317 persons/km².
In 2008, it realized regional GDP 22.45 billion RMB, calculated on comparable price,
12.0% higher than the last year, of which, primary industry increased output 2.15
billion RMB, 4.5% higher than the last year, secondary industry increased output
13.15 billion RMB, 12.5% higher than the last year, including increased industrial
output 11.95 billion RMB, 13.0% higher than the last year and tertiary industry
increased output 7.15 billion RMB, 14.0% higher than the last year. The ratio of
increased output of primary, secondary and tertiary industry over total GDP of entire
county was 9.6: 58.6: 31.8. It completed financial general budget income 3.18 billion
RMB, 15.07% higher than the last year, and the urban and rural habitants’ income
steadily grew. According to sampling survey, in the entire year per urban habitant
disposable income was 23227 RMB, 10.0% higher than the last year and per rural
habitant pure income 10006 RMB, 10.0% higher than the last year.
In 2007, 54116 employees and 44066 employees joined pension insurance and
unemployment insurance respectively, 62162 employees joined 了 medical insurance
and 61580 persons joined rural social pension insurance. At end of 2007, the urban
registered unemployment ratio was 3.37%.
The education was highly developed and upgraded mainly to improve education
quality and conduct modern and satisfied education. The source allocation was
optimized to ensure equilibrium development. The entire county had 29common
middle schools of 30547 students, 64 primary schools of 41224 students and 144
kindergartens of 21033 infants. 95.6% of junior middle graduates entered senior
middle school.
The cultural undertaking was ceaselessly developed. In the entire year totally 4068
showings of film were served in 1639 villages with total 985450 person-times. 110

                                         24
showings of opera were served in 23 villages with total 25000 person-times. The
county library had 207600 volumes of book and books were circulated at 90100
person-times. TV and broadcasting village-access ratio was 100%, weekly mean TV
program was 120 hours. It had 155000 cable TV users and cable TV
household-access ratio was 70.8%.
It has 456 medical and health mechanisms, 1241 beds, 2895 health technicians,
including 991 practiced doctors and 870registered nurses. Novel rural cooperation
medical system was steadily popularized and at end of 2007 in entire county totally
474400 joined rural cooperation medical insurance at insurance ratio 96.8%, 1.2%
higher than the last year.
⑵Fenghua City
Fenghua is at eastern coastal region of Zhejiang Province and south of Ningbo urban
area. It joins eastwards with Xiangshan Port and is separated from Xiangshan
County by the port. It joins southwards with Ninghai County, westwards with
Xinchang County, Shengzhou and Yuyao City and northwards with Yinzhou County. It
has continent area 1249 square kilometers, sea area 96 square kilometers, 61km
coastal line and 24 islands. Its landform is complex. Its western portion is in junction
of Tiantai Mountain and Siming Mountain and is a mountainous region. Its northeast
terrain is flat and has developed river net and fertilized soil. Fenghua belongs to
sub-tropical monsoon climatic area and has distinct 4 seasons. It is warm and wet.
The annual mean air temperature 16.3 ℃, annual mean rainfall 1350 to 1600mm,
sunshine duration 1850 hours and frost-free period 232 days.
At end of 2007, the city had total population 480324, 976 more than the last year,
including agriculture population 376619 and non-agriculture population 103705. In
the entire year the new birth was 3588 person and death was 3127 at natural
population growth rate 0.96%.
In 2007 it realized GDP 168.89 RMB, calculated on comparable price 12.7% higher
than the last year, of which, increased output of primary industry was 1.511 billion
RMB, higher than the last year 2.3%, that of secondary industry 8.633 billion RMB,
12.3% higher than the last year and that of tertiary industry 6.745 billion RMB, 15.8%
higher than the last year. The ratio of primary, secondary and tertiary industry was
adjusted to 9.0: 51.1: 39.9. The per urban habitant disposable income was 21698
RMB, after deducting the price factor, actual 8.6% higher than the last year and per
rural habitant pure income was 9505 RMB, actual 9.1% higher than the last year.

                                          25
In the entire year it new increased 7744 employment posts, conducted 100 runs of
labors discussion, and 9137 persons reached employment intention with enterprises.
It trained 5270 rural labors for job-transfer skill at job-transfer employment ratio over
83%. It helped 735 difficult-employed persons to realize re-employment. The
low-income security person of urban and rural increased to 10059 persons, including
rural 9139 persons and urban 920 persons.
It totally had 76 primary and middle schools, including 5 senior middle schools, 1
complete middle school, 4 middle professional schools, 14 junior middle schools,
three 9-year system schools and 49 primary schools. It totally had 66190 students
and 3474 teachers in middle and primary schools. 5076 school-age children studied
in school at enrollment ratio 100%. The promotion ratio of primary school graduates
and junior middle graduate was 100% and 96.7% and basically realized transformer
from 9-year system compulsory education to 15-year education
At end of 2007, it had each 1 culture hall, public library, museum, theater, movie, file
hall and broadcasting and TV station and 100% administration village was accessed
to optical cable. 118 sets of digital TV programs and dual-directional request
programs were opened villages were served with 3000 showings of film and 100
showings of opera were served.
The health mechanisms of the entire city had total 1776 beds, including 1520 beds of
hospitals, 186 beds of townships (towns) clinic and 70 beds of woman health hospital.
It totally had 1939 health technicians, including 1368 technicians of hospital and 357
technicians of townships (towns) clinic. It made family health survey for 86038
households and health inspection for 31733 over-60 age farmers at health inspection
ratio over 80% and a new medical health service pattern was formed, by which small
diseases may be cured in community and serious diseases cured in hospital.
⑶Yuyao City
Yuyao City is at Ningbo plain in eastern portion of Zhejiang     and it joins eastwards
with Jiangbei District and Yinzhou District (Ningbo City), southwards Siming Mountain
and Fenghua and Shengzhou, westwards with Shangyu City, and northwards with
Cixi City. It northwest is at Qiantangjiang River and central line of Hangzhou Bay and
joins with Haiyan County. Its east-west distance is 58.5km and south-north distance
79km and has total area 1526.86 square kilometers, including mountainous and hilly
ground 805.09 square kilometers, accounting for 52.73%, plain 432.51 square
kilometers, accounting for 28.33% and water area 289.26 square kilometers,

                                           26
accounting for 18.94%.Its terrain is high at south and low at north. South Siming
Mountainous area has many mountains and some basins and valleys and the highest
peak Qinghuwangang (Lushan Township) has elevation 979 m. In middle Yaojiang
Plain residual hills are along both banks of the river. Its north region is coastal alluvial
plain. It totally has cultivated land 643500-mu, garden land 98400-mu, and forestry
land 721500-mu. It belongs to sub-tropical belt marine monsoon area, has sufficient
sunshine and distinct 4 seasons and is warm, wet and synchronous rain-hot. Its
annual mean air temperature is 16.2℃, sunshine duration 2061 hours, frost-free
period 227 days and rainfall 1361mm and has excellent natural conditions.
At end of 2007, Yuyao City had total population 829217, including agriculture
population 653022 and non-agriculture population 176195, and in the entire year
birth was 5471 and death 6253 at natural population growth rate -0.94‰.
In 2007, its regional GDP was 42.085 billion RMB, 17.2% higher than the last year,
including, GDP of primary industry 2.44 billion RMB, 1.5% higher than the last year,
that of secondary industry 25.547 billion RMB, 18.9% higher than the last year
(including gross industrial output 24.12 billion RMB, 19.6% higher than the last year),
and that of tertiary industry 14.098 billion RMB, 17.5% higher than the last year. The
per capita GDP was 50823 RMB, 16.9% higher than the last year. It realized general
budget financial income 6.34 billion RMB, 26.2% higher than the last year, including
central financial income 3.31 billion RMB and local financial income 3.03 billion RMB.
The per urban habitant disposable income was 23024 RMB and per farmer pure
income was 9689 RMB, 1132 RMB more than the last year.
    The city totally has 54 common middle schools of 52486 students, including
37785 students of junior middle school and 14701 students of senior middle school,
116 primary schools of 68138 students, and 181 kindergartens of 25630 infants. The
enrollment ratio of primary school is 100%, 9-year compulsory education completion
ratio is 99.95% and the promotion ratio from junior middle to senior middle is 96.47%.
    230000 households were served by cable TV and at end of the year the
broadcasting coverage ratio was 100%. The library had 326700 volumes of books. In
the entire year the 318 showings of opera severed 31500 people and 1580 showings
of film severed 112000 people.
    The city totally has 40 health mechanisms, including 27 hospitals and clinics,
and 15 standardization townships (towns) clinics. The hospitals and clinics had 1606
beds, 3071 health technicians, including 950doctors and 923 registered nurses 923.

                                            27
In urban and rural 11996 habitants enjoyed minimum living security and 17.342
million RMB of low-income security fund was allocated
    ⑷Yinzhou County
    Yinzhou County is at east region of Zhejiang Province and east end of south
bank of Hangzhou Bay. It joins with Xiangshan Bay, westwards with Yuyao City,
southwards with Fenghua City and northwards with Jiangbei District, Haishu District,
Jiangdong District, Zhenhai District and Beilun District of Ningbo City. It has total area
1381.96 square kilometers and mountain land (over 500 m) area 61.63 square
kilometers, including 58.65 square kilometers mountain land in west portion of
Yinzhou, low-mountain land (100 m -500 m) area 506.26 square kilometers, including
mountain land 250.06 square kilometers in west portion of Yinzhou. The highest peak
is Naibu Mountain at west mountainous area of Yinzhou at boundary between
Yinzhou and Fenghua in Longguan Township with elevation 915.0 m.
    Yinzhou County is in monsoon climatic area of the transition region between
northern and middle sub-tropical belt and has marine monsoon wet climate. It has
distinct 4 seasons. The annual mean sunshine duration is 2009.9 hours, frost-free
period 237 days, annual mean air temperature 16.2℃ and annual mean rainfall
1386.2mm.
    At end of 2007, Yinzhou County had total population 789977, including
agriculture population 546249 and non-agriculture population 243728, and in the
entire year birth was 6151 and death 4542 at natural population growth rate 2.05‰.
    In 2007, the entire county realized GDP 52.084 billion RMB, 16.5% higher than
the last year, including increased output of primary industry 2.096 billion RMB, 5.3%
higher than the last year, increased output of secondary industry 32.945 billion RMB,
15.1% higher than the last year, including increased industrial output 31.703 billion
RMB, 15.2% higher than the last year, and increased output of tertiary industry
17.043 billion RMB, 20.9% higher than the last year. The ratio of increased output of
the primary, secondary and tertiary industry over GDP was 4.0: 63.3: 32.7. The per
capita GDP was 66195 RMB, 15.5% higher than the last year. The entire county
realized general budget financial income 10.801 billion RMB, 43.1% higher than the
last year, including central financial income 5.511 billion RMB and local financial
income 5.29 billion RMB. The urban and rural habitants’ income grew fast and their
life was further improved. The mean wage income of entire social employees was
20410 RMB and per farmer pure income 10849 RMB, after deducting the price factor,

                                           28
which are actually 8.9% and 10.8% higher than the last year respectively.
    The employment and re-employment work was continuously undertaken. In the
entire year, district and town-level labor market conducted 69 runs of labor-invitation
show with total 105072 attendants and provision of 137698 posts, and 34295 labors
found their work. 2656 unemployed and 12226 land-acquisitioned personnel were
trained, over 80% of them were re-employed and 92% of them obtained training
qualification certificate and profession qualification certificate.
    The entire county overall conducted qualification education and the teaching
quality was steadily improved. The enrollment ratio, consolidation rate and promotion
ratio of primary schools was 100%, and the promotion ratio from junior middle to
senior middle was 97.98%, 4.95% higher than the last year. Of the common senior
middle schools, the mark-conformity ratio of college is 98.37%, that of senior college
71.29% and that of key college 20.48%.
    The entire district totally had 41 hospitals and clinics, 3107 beds 3107, 2203
doctors and 1141 registered nurses. It has 22 community health service centers, 57
community health service stations established by the said centers, and 258 re-built
rural community health service stations and it realized full coverage of urban and
rural community health service. The farmers were subjected to free health inspection
and over 85% of them were established with health files. It greatly carried out
environment and sanitary treatment, created 2 provincial and municipal-level health
towns (townships) and 100% people were served by running water.
    The cultural undertaking was advanced and greatly built village-level culture
 facilities. 90% administration villages reached star-level villages. The cultural activity
 became important carrier to promote development of new rural cultural undertaking
 and a diversified 3-level in-gang new rural culture activity pattern was formed. It
 totally had 300000 cable TV users and 150000 broadcasting loudspeakers and
 digital TV was put into service on 28 December 2007.
    ⑸Xiangshan County
    Xiangshan County is at middle section of eastern coastal region of Zhejiang
Province and between Xiangshan Port and Sanmen Bay. It consists of eastern
portion of Xiangshan Isthmus and coastal islands. It joins eastwards with Eastern
Sea and its farthest east portion is Baimudi Island of Yushan Isles. It joins eastwards
with Sanmen Bay of Maotouyang and the boundary between Sanmen and Linhai. Its
farthest south portion is Wanli Island of Yushan Isles. It joins westwards with Ninghai

                                             29
County and the farthest west portion is Jinglanliangting at boundary between Ninghai
County and Xiangshan County. It joins northwards with Xiangshan Port and faces
against Fenghua, Yinzhou County, Beilun and Putu and its farthest south portion is
Quejiao Island at Xiangshan Port. Dancheng-its county city, is 55km from Ningbo City
downtown and 186km from provincial capital- Hangzhou. The entire county has total
area 1175 square kilometers, including continent area 995 square kilometers and
islands area 180 square kilometers. The terrain inclines from northwest towards
southeast and it belongs to hilly belt. Its mountain land area 793 is square kilometers,
accounting for 67.5% of total area. The highest peak is Dongpan Mountain, which is
at boundary between Ninghai County and Xiangshan County and has elevation 810.8
m. The entire county belongs to sub-tropical belt monsoon wet climatic area and its
annual mean air temperature is 16~17℃, annual sunshine duration 1670~2048
hours, and annual mean rainfall about 1250mm, which is low in south portion and
high in north portion, especially plentiful in mountainous area.
    At end of 2008, Xiangshan County had total population 535051, including
agriculture population 424829 and non-agriculture population 11022. In the entire
year birth was 4783 (birthrate 9.14‰) and death 3162 (death rate 5.93‰) at natural
population growth rate 3.21‰.
    In 2008, the entire county realized GDP 22.062 billion RMB, 10% higher than the
last year, including increased output of primary industry 3.33 billion RMB, 5.1%
higher than the last year 5.1%, increased output of secondary industry 10.973 billion
RMB, 9% higher than the last year (including increased industrial output 9.377 billion
RMB, 8.4% higher than the last year), and increased output of tertiary industry
increased output 7.758 billion RMB, 13.6% higher than the last year. The ratio of
increased output of the primary, secondary and tertiary industry over GDP was 15.1:
49.7: 35.2. The per capita GDP was 41537 RMB, 9.3% higher than the last year. The
entire county realized general budget financial income 2.734 billion RMB, 20% higher
than the last year, including central financial income 1.25 billion RMB, 9.4% higher
than the last year, and local financial income 1.484 billion RMB, 30.8% higher than
the last year. In the entire year, the per urban habitant disposable income 24066
RMB, deducting the price raise factor, which was actually 8.6% higher than the last
year, and the per farmer (fisher) pure income was 10202 RMB, deducting the price
raise factor, which was actually 8.0% higher than the last year, including per fishery
village habitant income 20288 RMB, 35.8% higher than the last year.

                                           30
     It further intensified employment and re-employment and in the entire county
8151 employment posts were increased, 11272 rural job-transfer labors were
employed, 3825 urban unemployed were re-employed and urban registered
unemployment ratio was 3.23%. The entire county had 11375 low-income security
persons, including 10641 rural habitants. In the entire year, the outcome for
low-income security was 14.13 million RMB, 17.3% higher than the last year.
      The entire county had 29 common middle schools of 24788 students, including
17647 students of junior middle schools and 17141 students of senior middle school,
36 primary schools of s33813 students, and 149 kindergartens of 16496 infants. The
enrollment ratio of primary school was 100%, completion ratio of 9-year compulsory
education was 99.96%, the promotion ratio from junior middle to senior middle was
97.09%, and the gross enrollment ratio of senior middle school was 97.11%. In the
entire year, the education outcome within financial budget was 408.64 million RMB,
24.8% higher than the last year.
      The entire county had 137500 cable TV users and 12000 cable digital TV users.
At end of year, the popularization ratio of broadcasting and TV was 100%. The
county library totally had 259100 volumes of books, and broadcasting TV population
coverage ratio was 100%. 3384 showings of public-benefiting rural movies and
showings of public-benefiting opera demonstration greatly promoted people’s culture
and recreation and new rural cultural construction.
     The entire county totally had health mechanisms, including 21 hospitals and
clinics.   It established 17 standardized township (town) clinics and 214 normalized
community health service stations The hospitals and clinics totally had 1210 beds,
and 1960 health technicians, including 773 doctors and 649 registered nurses. The
novel rural cooperation medical system was overall popularized, 407900 people
joined insurance, 3500 persons more than the last year, and participation ratio of
novel rural cooperation medical system was 96.5%.
     ⑹Jiangbei District
     Jiangbei District is at northwest side of          Ningbo downtown. It joins
southeastwards with Yongjiang River and faces opposite to Jiangdong District. It joins
southwards with Yaojiang River, Haishu District and Yinzhou County, northwestwards
with Zhenhai District, and westwards with Yuyao City. The entire district has total area
208 square kilometers. At end of 2005, the household-registered population was
229700. Jiangbei District is the largest central urban district of Ningbo City and is

                                          31
divided into 7 dub-districts (Yongjiang River, Zhangqiao, Hongtang, Zhongma, Baisha,
Wenjiao and Kongpu) and Cicheng Town.
    In 2008, the entire district kept low population growth rate. At end of the year the
entire district had household-registered population 231533 and 94560 households,
including agriculture population 88072and non-agriculture population 143461. In the
entire year birth was 1877 (birthrate 7.44‰) at natural population growth rate 1.89‰.
    The entire district realized GDP 13.609 billion RMB, calculated on comparable
price, 8.1% higher than the last year, including increased output of primary industry
383 million RMB, 3.1% lower than the last year, increased output of secondary
industry 5.702 billion RMB, 8.2% lower than the last year (including increased
industrial output 4.925 billion RMB, 9.3% lower than the last year), and increased
output of tertiary industry 7.524 billion RMB, 25.4% higher than the last year. The
structural ratio of three type industries was 2.81: 41.90: 55.29. The entire district
realized total financial income 4.326 billion RMB, 31.8% higher than the last year, and
financial general budget income 3.406 billion RMB, 30.7% higher than the last year,
including local financial income 1.963 billion RMB, 32.6% higher than the last year
32.6%, and central financial income 1.444 billion RMB, 28.1% higher than the last
year. The urban and rural habitants’ income steadily grew. The per urban habitant
disposable income was 22307 RMB, 13.4% higher than the last year, and per rural
habitant pure income was 10177 RMB, 10.9% higher than the last year. The wage
income is the main source of farmers’ income and per capita wage was 6804 RMB,
accounting for 66.86% of total income.
    The employment and re-employment got new progress. The entire district
carried out establishing full employment community activity to promote employment.
In the entire year, it conducted 24 runs of laborer-employer demand-demand
discussion and provided 45800 employment posts. It also trained 2320 urban
unemployment personnel and 10877 rural labors and after training their employment
ratio reached 74%. It also developed 998 urban public benefiting posts and 500 rural
public benefiting posts and 3162 rural labors realized job-transfer employment.
    Its education undertaking obtained new achievements. The entire district has 50
kindergartens, 22 state-run primary schools, 10 state-run middle schools, 5 district,
town   and   dub-districts   adult   culture        technical   schools,   20   provincial-level
standardization schools, 6 provincial-level rural normal middle and primary schools,
and 15 modern program-conforming schools. The entire district has 6706 students

                                               32
and 995 employees of common middle schools.
    The cultural undertaking was healthily developed. The entire year newly builds or
re-builds 20 culture palaces, including 15 municipal-level ones. The public culture
services are ceaselessly extended and a series of cultural activities are carried out in
rural, school and community. In the entire year, people are severed with 708
showings of film and 30 showings of opera demonstration. The culture palaces and
library conducted 145 times of activities in root-base units and they instructed 60 key
art personnel.
    The health undertaking was overall carried out and it basically established public
health system and network basic and surely improved people’s life environment and
life quality. The entire district totally has 195 medical mechanisms, including 6
community health service centers, 71 community health service stations and 18
village clinics. The district-subsidiary medical mechanisms have 494 beds and 1100
health technicians.
4.3 Current status of social and economical development of surveyed
villages
    Since merely survey of payment willing and payment ability was made for
Fenghua Chunhu Small-urban Development Sub-project coastal water-supply works,
no overall survey was made for the basic conditions of the surveyed villages. Here,
merely the current situation of social economical development of the selected villages
of Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project is described
    ⑴Ninghai County
    Zhangliao Village, Zhubu Village and Shanyang Village of Ninghai County are at
upstream of Baxi Reservoir, one of main water sources for Ningbo City and Ninghai
County and they are in mountainous area and have topographic relief. Zhaoan
Village is at downstream of Baxi Reservoir and is plain type village.
    Zhangliao Village and Zhubu Village belong to Huangtan Town. Zhangliao Village
has total population 548 and cultivated land 261-mu and in 2008 its total rural
economic income was 3.99 million RMB, including agriculture income 1.5 million
RMB, accounting for 37.59% of total income, and non-agriculture income 1.99 million
RMB, accounting for 49.87% of total income.
    Zhaoan Village and Shanyang Village belong to Chalu Town. Zhaoan Village has
total population 772and cultivated land 213-mu and in 2008 its total rural economic


                                           33
income was 46.36 million RMB, including agriculture income 1.09 million RMB,
accounting for 2.35% of total income, and non-agriculture income 44.84 million RMB,
accounting for 96.72% of total income. The per farmer pure income was 5991 RMB.
Shanyang Village has total population 1107and cultivated land 349-mu and in 2008
its total rural economic income was 21.78 million RMB, including agriculture income
1.74 million RMB, accounting for 7.99% of total income, and non-agriculture income
19.67 million RMB, accounting for 90.31% of total income. The per farmer pure
income was 4300 RMB.
    ⑵Fenghua City
    Mingxi Village of Fenghua City is at upstream of Tingxia Reservoir-one of water
sources of Fenghua City and it belongs to mountainous area village and has
topographic relief. Nanxi Village and Baikeng Village are at downstream of Hengshan
Reservoir-another water source and the terrain is relatively flat.
    Mingxi Village belongs to Xikou Town and has total population 2000 and
cultivated land 1033.5-mu. In 2008 its total rural economic income was 5.26 million
RMB, including agriculture income 3.05 million RMB, accounting for 57.98% of total
income, and non-agriculture income 1.61 million RMB, accounting for 30.61% of total
income. The per farmer pure income was 3158 RMB.
    Nanxi Village and Baikeng Village belong to Dayan Town. Nanxi Village has total
population 1195 and cultivated land 846-mu and in 2008 its total rural economic
income was 1.2 million RMB, including agriculture income 100000 RMB, accounting
for 8.33% of total income, and non-agriculture income 1 million RMB, accounting for
83.33% of total income. Baikeng Village has total population 1745 and cultivated land
1585-mu and in 2008 its total rural economic income was 25.12 million RMB,
including agriculture income 2.42 million RMB, accounting for 9.63% of total income,
and non-agriculture income 22.57 million RMB, accounting for 89.85% of total income.
The per farmer pure income was 4718 RMB.
    ⑶Yuyao City
    Gaonan Village, Henglu Village, Hexi Village, Dongxi Village and Yaxian Village
of Yuyao City are all by the side of Siminghu Lake- main water source of Yuyao City,
and the surrounding of Liangnong Town and landform is relatively flat.
    Gaonan Village, Henglu Village, Hexi Village, Dongxi Village and Yaxian Village
belong to Liangnong Town. Gaonan Village has total population 1781 and cultivated
land 1053-mu and in 2008 its total rural economic income was 98.98 million RMB,

                                           34
including agriculture income 4.5 million RMB, accounting for 4.55% of total income,
and non-agriculture income 93.95 million RMB, accounting for 94.92% of total income.
Henglu Village has total population 2050 and cultivated land 1329-mu. The per
farmer pure income was 4700 RMB. Hexi Village has total population 1645 and
cultivated land 977-mu and in 2008 its total rural economic income was 39.21 million
RMB, including agriculture income 7.83 million RMB, accounting for 19.97% of total
income, and non-agriculture income 31.3 million RMB, accounting for 79.14% of total
income. The per farmer pure income was 5501 RMB. Dongxi Village has total
population 2523 and cultivated land 460-mu and in 2008 its total rural economic
income was 80.8 million RMB, including agriculture income 11.24 million RMB,
accounting for 13.91% of total income, and non-agriculture income 67 million RMB,
accounting for 82.92% of total income. The per farmer pure income was 6700 RMB.
Yaxian Village has total population 2101 and cultivated land 1061-mu and in 2008 its
total rural economic income was 326 million RMB, including agriculture income 5.76
million RMB, accounting for 1.77% of total income, and non-agriculture income
319.42 million RMB, accounting for 97.98% of total income. The per farmer pure
income was 9878 RMB.
    ⑷Yinzhou County
    Dajiao Village, Duao Village and Meilong Village of Yinzhou County are all at
upstream of Jiaokou Reservoir- one of main water sources of Ningbo City and they
are typical mountainous area villages.
    Dajiao Village, Duao Village and Meilong Village belong to Zhangshui Town.
Dajiao Village has total population 1294 and cultivated land 333-mu and in 2008 its
total rural economic income was 17 million RMB, including agriculture income 4.93
million RMB, accounting for 29% of total income, and non-agriculture income 11.28
million RMB, accounting for 66.35% of total income. The per farmer pure income was
7280 RMB. Duao Village has total population 1358 and cultivated land 541.44-mu
and in 2008 its total rural economic income was 17.57 million RMB, including
agriculture income 4.14 million RMB, accounting for 23.56% of total income, and
non-agriculture income 13.08 million RMB, accounting for 74.45% of total income.
The per farmer pure income was 6000 RMB. Meilong Village has total population
1261 and cultivated land 831-mu and in 2008 its total rural economic income was
6.85 million RMB, including agriculture income 2.73 million RMB, accounting for
39.85% of total income, and non-agriculture income 3.97million RMB, accounting for

                                         35
57.96% of total income. The per farmer pure income was 3700 RMB.
    ⑸Xiangshan County
    Dajiao Village, Duao Village and Meilong Village of Xiangshan County are all at
upstream of Jiaokou Reservoir- one of main water sources of Ningbo City and are
typical mountainous area village.
    Nanchong Village belongs to Maoyang Town. It has total population 1720 and
cultivated land 779-mu and in 2008 its total rural economic income was 32.67 million
RMB, including agriculture income 7.09 million RMB, accounting for 21.70% of total
income, and non-agriculture income 25.57 million RMB, accounting for 78.27% of
total income. The per farmer pure income was 7622 RMB.
    Yekoushan Village and Jiaoheng Village belong to Dingtang Town. Yekoushan
Village has total population 1550 and cultivated land 724.92-mu and in 2008 its total
rural economic income was 17.06 million RMB, including agriculture income 9 million
RMB, accounting for 52.75% of total income, and non-agriculture income 7.22 million
RMB, accounting for 42.32% of total income. The per farmer pure income was 9746
RMB. Jiaoheng Village has total population 1150 and in 2008 its total rural economic
income was 17 million RMB, including agriculture income 6 million RMB, accounting
for 35.29% of total income, and non-agriculture income 10 million RMB, accounting
for 58.82% of total income. The per farmer pure income was 9000 RMB.
    From appearance and infrastructure construction level, all surveyed villages
 reach 100% running water population ratio, main roads are basically cement-paved
 and refuse collection    facilities are relatively perfect, but drainage facilities are
 relatively poor and merely a few of villages are built with rainwater and sewage
 pipeline or open ditches and most village are arranged with no drainage ditches. As
 per [2008]5 document of Ningbo City ―Hundred-village demonstration and
 thousand-village treatment‖ work coordination group office, 12# document ―Overall
 well-to-do village‖ and village treatment standard, all surveyed villages fail to meet
 requirements on ecological civilized construction due to poor domestic wastewater
 treatment. The examination standards on construction of new rural and well-to-do
 village collected from other counties (districts) show that each district (county) lists
 domestic wastewater treatment in examination contents. Obviously, currently,
 Ningbo City highly focuses on rural domestic wastewater treatment and the
 conditions of the surveyed villages show that rural domestic wastewater treatment
 ought to be improved.

                                           36
    Most of the surveyed villages are within Ningbo water source protection area in
mountainous area, semi-mountainous area and plain and they have different
economical level. Except for Xikou Town Mingxi Village and Yekoushan Village
(Dingtang Town), non-agriculture income of other surveyed villages accounts for most
portion of total rural economic income (In statistics of total rural economic income,
mostly the village lists the income of collective enterprises which are in but don’t
belong to the said village in the total economical income of the said village). The
collective income of most rural villages is much limited and certain amount of villages
has no collective economic income. The collective income, if any, is mainly from
contracting of mountain forestry, lease of houses and ecological compensation for
water source ecological protection area and is about 50000 to 500000 RMB every
year. A few of villages have high income because they run collective-owned
enterprises. The farmers’ income mainly includes agriculture income and labor
income. For some villages, the high income of farmers is mainly from scaled
agriculture of tree, fruits and vegetables (Such as Ningbo vegetable bases of Yekou
Village and Jiaoheng Village of Xiangshan Dingtang Town).
    The basic conditions of surveyed villages for Rural domestic wastewater
treatment Sub-project are shown in Table 4.3-1.




                                          37
                           List of basic conditions of surveyed villages for Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project
            Table 4.3-1
                                                                                              Total rural   Agriculture
                                                                                  Total                                 Non-agriculture    other      per farmer
             Township                                   Total       Total                     economic      income (x
 County                     Administration village                             cultivated                                 income (x       (x 10000   pure income
              (town)                                 households   population                 income (x        10000
                                                                               land (mu)                                 10000 RMB)        RMB)         ( RMB)
                                                                                            10000 RMB)        RMB)
             Huangtan        Zhangliao Village           182         548            261         399            150           199            50
              Town             Zhubu Village             212         856            243        1594            392           450           752          4610
 Ninghai
 County                       Zhaoan Village             225         772            213        4636            109          4484            43          5991
            Chalu Town
                             Shanyang Village            404        1107            349        2178            174          1967            37          4300
                               Nanxi Village             356        1195            846         120             10           100            10
Fenghua Dayan Town
                              Baikeng Village            646        1745            1585       2512            242          2257            13          4718
  City
        Xikou Town             Mingxi Village            794        2000        1033.5          526            305           161            60          3158
                              Gaonan Village             540        1781            1053       9898            450          9395            53
                               Henglu Village            630        2050            1329                                                                4700
           Liangnong
Yuyao City                      Hexi Village             512        1645            977        3921            783          3103            35          5501
              Town
                               Dongxi Village            825        2523            460        8080            1124         6700           256          6700
                               Yaxian Village            679        2101            1061       32600           576          31942           82          9878
                               Dajiao Village            535        1294            333        1700            493          1128            79          7280
 Yinzhou     Zhangshui
                               Duao Village              594        1358        541.44         1757            414          1308            35          6000
 County        Town
                              Meilong Village            543        1261            831         685            273           397            15          3700

              Dingtang       Yekoushan Village           451        1550        724.92         1706            900           722            84          9746
Xiangshan      Town           Jiaoheng Village           370        1150                       1700            600          1000           100          9000
  County
             Maoyang
                              Nanchong Village           520        1720            779        3267            709          2557            1           7622
             Township
     Note: Individual data of some villages were not available.


                                                                               38
4.4 Basic conditions of questionnaire objects
    According to sorting out and analysis of the site survey period particulars, the basic
conditions of questionnaire objects are as follows. Since the survey questionnaire on
public willing for Rural domestic wastewater treatment Project mainly collects issues on
village selection, and the questionnaire designs no basic conditions of survey objects,
the basic conditions for these persons are not analyzed herein:
    ⑴Social assessment questionnaire objects of rural domestic wastewater treatment
    401 questionnaire objects for Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project
include 363 men, accounting for 90.52% of total survey objects, and 38 women,
accounting for 9.48% of total survey objects.
    In age structure, the ages of 401 survey objects are mainly age 36 to 45, age 46 to
55 and age 55 to 65, which are 68 persons, 160 persons and 112 persons, respectively
accounting for 16.96%, 39.90% and 27.93% of total survey objects, i.e. 36 to 65-aged
survey objects are the main objects of this questionnaire, accounting for 84.79% of total
persons, with most of 46 to 55-aged persons.
    In education background, 401 survey objects are mainly of degree of
middle-primary school and junior middle school, which are 161 persons and 179
persons, respectively accounting for 40.15% and 44.64% of total survey objects. In
addition, 15 illiterate village habitants, 37 village habitants of senior middle school
degree, 6 village habitants of junior college degree and 3 village habitants of college
degree accepted our questionnaire. In profession, survey objects include 321 farmers,
accounting for 80.05% of total survey objects, 35 common labors and 27 persons
self-engaging in secondary and tertiary industry and the three types of person account
for 95.51% of tertiary industry.
    In annual income of family, survey objects mainly include 58 families of annual
income 8000 to 12000 RMB, 92 families of 12000 to 20000 RMB, 70 families of 20000
to 30000 RMB, and 53 families of 30000 to 50000 RMB, and they account for 68.08% of
total surveyed households. In income source, 184 objects selected agriculture income
as main income source of family, accounting for 45.89% of total survey objects. The
data on the questionnaires show that this will vary with increase of family income level.
In general, for the family of high income level, its ratio of agriculture income is low and
that of non- agriculture income is high. In addition, 137 objects with wage and labor
income as main income source of family were selected, accounting for 34.17% of total
survey objects. In general, agriculture income and labor income are still the main

                                            39
income source of families of most survey objects.
    The social assessment survey shows that the objects of social assessment
questionnaires for Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project are mainly 36 to
65-aged farmers of relatively low education background, which is basically consistent
with the current situation that currently young labors in Ningbo rural mainly work in other
places and the men in village do farming labor and have low education background and
the elder farmers of no competitive power engage in other non-agriculture jobs in other
places.
    The basic conditions of questionnaire objects for Rural domestic wastewater
treatment Sub-project are shown in Table 4.4-1 and Fig. 4.4-1.




                                            40
List of basic conditions of questionnaire objects for Rural domestic wastewater
treatment Sub-project
    Table 4.4-1
 Basic conditions of survey objects        Unit      Survey data   Remark
    Sex                    Men            Person         363       Men account for 90.52% of
 composition            Women             Person         38        total survey objects.
                     Up to 18-age         Person          0
                       18-25 age          Person          1
                       26-35 age          Person         18        36 to 65-aged objects
     Age                                                           account for 84.79% of total
                       36-45 age          Person         68
  structure                                                        persons, with the most of 46
                       46-55 age          Person         160       to 55-aged objects.
                       56-65 age          Person         112
                      Over 66 age         Person         42
                        Illiterate        Person         15
                                                                   Most of them are of degree
                    Primary school        Person         161       of primary school and junior
  Education       Junior middle school    Person         179       middle     school,    which
 background       Senior middle school    Person         37        respectively account for
                     Junior college       Person          6        40.15% and 44.64% of total
                                                                   objects.
                   College or higher      Person          3
                         Farmer           Person         321       The most objects are
                    Common labor          Person         35        farmers, accounting for
               Owner of secondary and                              80.05% of total objects,
                                          Person         27        and the second and third
                  tertiary industry
                        Official          Person         3         are common labors and
  Profession                                                       persons self-engaging in
                       Teacher            Person         2
                                                                   secondary and tertiary
                     Military man         Person         7
                                                                   industry and the three
                    Resigned cadre        Person         1         types of person account
                    Unemployed or
                                          Person         5
                                                                   for 95.51% of total
                    waiting-for-job                                objects.
                 1000 to 3000 RMB        Household      22
                 3000 to 5000 RMB        Household      38
                 5000 to 8000 RMB        Household      39         The families of income
                                                                   8000-12000RMB,
                8000 to 12000 RMB        Household      58         12000-20000            RMB,
    Family
                12000 to 20000 RMB       Household      92         20000-30000 RMB and
   income
                20000 to 30000 RMB       Household      70         30000-50000 RMB account
                                                                   for most portion and reach
                30000 to 50000 RMB       Household      53         67.83% of total objects.
               50000 to 100000 RMB       Household      19
                 Over 100000 RMB         Household      10
                 Agriculture income      Household      184
               Wage and labor income     Household      137
                                                                   Agriculture income is the
 Main income         Income from                                   main income source of most
   source      self-engaged secondary    Household       65        survey families.
                 and tertiary industry
                        Others           Household       15


                                             41
                ⑪ Distribution diagram of ages

                 39.90%
                                                              Up to 18-age
                                                              18-25 age
                                                              26-35 age
                                     27.93%
                                                              36-45 age
                                                              46-55 age
              16.96%
                                                              56-65 age
                            10.47%                            Over 66 age
             4.49%
                      0.25% 0.00%

        ⑫ Distribution diagram of education background
             0.75%


                                                    Illiterate
                                   44.64%           Primary school

             40.15%                                 College or higher
                                                    Junior middle school
                                                    Junior college
                                                    Senior middle school
                           9.23%
                                       1.50%
                 3.74%


               ⑬ Distribution diagram of profession
        1.75%
                                               Farmer
        0.50% 0.25%
       0.75%     1.25%
                                               Common labor
   6.73%
                                               Owner of secondary and
8.73%                                          tertiary industry
                                               Official

                                               Teacher

                                               Military man

                                               Resigned cadre

                                               Unemployed or waiting-for-job
                          80.05%




                               42
                              ⑭ Distribution diagram of income
                                                                  1000 to 3000 RMB
                           4.73%2.49% 5.47%                       3000 to 5000 RMB
                                              9.45%
                     13.18%                                       5000 to 8000 RMB
                                                                  8000 to 12000 RMB
                                                    9.95%         12000 to 20000 RMB
                                                                  20000 to 30000 RMB
                 17.41%                                           30000 to 50000 RMB
                                                   14.43%         50000 to 100000 RMB
                                                                  Over 100000 RMB
                              22.89%


Fig. 4.4-1: Distribution diagram of questionnaire objects for Rural domestic wastewater
treatment Sub-project
    In addition, for the water use customs and sewage discharge of village habitant
families, the statistics of survey questionnaires show that of 401survey objects every
household meanly monthly uses 1.6 bags of washing powder, 1.1 bottles of detergent,
0.4 bottle of hand washing liquid, 1 bottle of shampoo, 0.6 bottle of bath liquid, 0.3 bottle
of washing milk and 2.5 pieces of soap, of which 237 survey objects washing clothes
outdoors in washing table, accounting for 59.10% of total survey objects. In survey of
washings (excluding bath wastewater) discharge mode, 279 survey objects select direct
discharge to nearby soil or water without pipe collection or treatment, accounting for
70.07% of total survey objects. On basis of interview, about 30~40% families have
independent toilet and bathroom and they discharge the bath wastewater through
indoor pipeline together with fecal sewage to septic tanks. 228 survey object families
build septic tanks, accounting for 56.86% of total survey objects, including 100
households burying septic tanks beneath house and 127 households burying septic
tanks beneath surface outside the house, respectively accounting for 43.86% and
55.70% of families building septic tanks. 184 households never clean their septic tanks,
accounting for 80.70% of total families building septic tanks.
     The social assessment survey shows that rural families usually use washing
goods and agents, and most washings are not collected and treated. Septic tanks are
rather usual in rural, but most of them fails to meet requirements on environmental
protections.
    ⑵Questionnaire objects of payment willing and payment ability for Fenghua Coastal
Water-supply Works

                                              43
    405 questionnaire objects for Fenghua Coastal Water-supply Works include 323
men, accounting for 79.752% of total survey objects, and 82 women, accounting for
20.25% of total survey objects.
    In age structure, the ages of 405 survey objects are mainly age 26 to 35, age 36 to
45, age 46 to 55 and age 55 to 65, which are 64 persons, 125 persons, 114 persons
and 67 persons, respectively accounting for 15.80%, 30.86%, 28.15% and 16.54% of
total survey objects, i.e. 26 to 65-aged survey objects are the main objects of this
questionnaire, accounting for 91.36% of total persons, with most of 36 to 45-aged
persons.
    In education background, 405 survey objects are mainly of degree of
middle-primary school and junior middle school, which are 150 persons and 182
persons, respectively accounting for 37.04% and 44.94% of total survey objects. In
addition, 10 illiterate village habitants, 42 village habitants of senior middle school
degree, 15 village habitants of junior college degree and 6 village habitants of college
degree accepted our questionnaire. In profession, survey objects include 243 farmers,
accounting for 60.00% of total survey objects, 105 common labors and 43 persons
self-engaging in secondary and tertiary industry and the three types of person account
for 96.54% of tertiary industry.




                                           44
    In annual income of family, survey objects mainly include 44 families of annual
income 8000 to 12000 RMB, 67 families of 12000 to 20000 RMB, 129 families of 20000
to 30000 RMB, and 98 families of 30000 to 50000 RMB, and they account for 83.46% of
total surveyed households. In income source, 204 objects selected wage and labor
income as main income source of family were selected, accounting for 50.37% of total
survey objects, 93 objects selected income from self-engaged secondary and tertiary
industry as main income source of the families, accounting for 22.96% of total survey
objects and 86 objects selected agriculture income as main income source of family,
accounting for 21.23% of total survey objects.
    The social assessment survey shows that the main objects of questionnaires for
Fenghua Coastal Water-supply Works are younger than that for Rural domestic
wastewater treatment Sub-project, have relative low education background and their
income is mainly wage and labor income, which is mainly attributed to developed
economy and advantageous employment conditions of Chunhu Town, Fenghua City. In
similarity to Rural domestic wastewater treatment Sub-project, currently young labors in
Ningbo rural mainly work in other places and the men in village do farming labor and
have low education background and the elder farmers of no competitive power engage
in other non-agriculture jobs in other places.
    The basic conditions of questionnaire objects for Fenghua Coastal Water-supply
Works are shown in Table 4.4-2 and Fig. 4.4-2.




                                             45
 List of basic conditions of questionnaire objects for Fenghua Coastal Water-supply
                                            Works
   Table 4.4-2
   Basic conditions of survey              Unit      Survey data             Remark
   Sex      objects Men                   Person         323       Men account for 79.75% of
composition         Women                 Person          82         total survey objects.
                 Up to 18-age             Person          0
                   18-25 age              Person          6
                   26-35 age              Person          64          26 to 65-aged objects
    Age                                                             account for 91.36% of total
                   36-45 age              Person         125
 structure                                                         persons, with the most of 36
                   46-55 age              Person         114           to 45-aged objects.
                   56-65 age              Person          67
                  Over 66 age             Person          29
                    Illiterate            Person          10
                                                                   Most of them are of degree
                Primary school            Person         150
                                                                   of primary school and junior
 Education    Junior middle school        Person         182           middle school, which
background    Senior middle school        Person          42         respectively account for
                                                                   37.04% and 44.94% of total
                 Junior college           Person          15
                                                                             objects.
               College or higher          Person          6
                     Farmer               Person         243          The most objects are
                Common labor              Person         105        farmers, accounting for
                 Owner of secondary                                  60.00% of total objects,
                                          Person         43           and the second and
                 and tertiary industry
                       Official           Person         1         third are common labors
Profession                                                                 and persons
                      Teacher             Person         3
                                                                         self-engaging in
                    Military man          Person         3
                                                                     secondary and tertiary
                   Resigned cadre         Person         3           industry and the three
                   Unemployed or
                                          Person         4
                                                                   types of person account
                   waiting-for-job                                      for 96.54% of total
                1000 to 3000 RMB         Household       4                    objects.
                3000 to 5000 RMB         Household       7
                5000 to 8000 RMB         Household       5         The families of income
               8000 to 12000 RMB         Household       44        8000-12000RMB,
              12000 to 20000 RMB         Household       67        12000-20000            RMB,
   Family
                                                                   20000-30000 RMB and
  income      20000 to 30000 RMB         Household      129        30000-50000 RMB account
               30000 to 50000 RMB        Household       98        for most portion and reach
              50000 to 100000 RMB        Household       41        83.46% of total objects.
                Over 100000 RMB          Household       6
                     Unknown             Household       4
                Agriculture income       Household       86
                 Wage and labor          Household      204
                      income                                       Wage and labor income is
Main income       Income from                                      the main income source of
  source          self-engaged           Household       93        most survey families.
              secondary and tertiary
                     industry
                       Others            Household       22

                                              46
                           ⑪ Distribution diagram of ages

                                                                       Up to 18-age

                                           28.15%                      18-25 age
                    30.86%
                                                                       26-35 age
                                                                       36-45 age
                                           16.54%                      46-55 age
                        15.80%                                         56-65 age
                                                                       Over 66 age
                                            7.16%
                       1.48%       0.00%


                  ⑫ Distribution diagram of education background
                   1.48%

                                                                  Illiterate
                                            44.94%                Primary school
                                                                  College or higher
                        37.04%                                    Junior middle school
                                                                  Junior college
                                                                  Senior middle school
                                      10.37%
                                                    3.70%
                           2.47%


                           ⑬ Distribution diagram of profession
                       0.99%
          0.74%   0.74%                                 Farmer
         0.25%             0.99%
                                                        Common labor
     10.59%
                                                        Owner of secondary and tertiary
                                                        industry
                                                        Official

                                                        Teacher

                                                        Resigned cadre
25.86%
                                           59.85%
                                                        Unemployed or waiting-for-job

                                                        Other




                                            47
                          ⑭ Distribution diagram of income
                              1.75%                          1000 to 3000 RMB
                          1.00%     1.25%
                  1.50%                                      3000 to 5000 RMB
              10.22%                     10.97%              5000 to 8000 RMB
                                                             8000 to 12000 RMB
                                                             12000 to 20000 RMB

                                      16.71%                 20000 to 30000 RMB
                 24.44%
                                                             30000 to 50000 RMB
                                                             50000 to 100000 RMB
                                                             Over 100000 RMB
                             32.17%



Fig. 4.4-2: Distribution diagram of questionnaire objects for Fenghua Coastal
Water-supply Works




                                         48
5 Understanding and attitude of the villagers to the project
    According to requirement of World Bank, understanding the attitude of the villagers
to the the wastewater treatment construction project is also one of the main objectives
of social appraisal work of the project. The site survey and the questionnaire survey was
mainly addopted. The site survey and the questionnaire survey lasted for about 1
month.
    ⑴Understanding of the villagers to all aspects of the wastewater treatment
    Through the questionnaire survey and analysis, among the surveyed persons of
228 households, in which the septic tank was set up, there sre only 44 households have
cleaned the septic tank, accounting for 19.3%, other 184 households have never
cleaned the septic tank,   accounting for 80.7%. Among the surveyed persons that have
cleaned the septic tank, 67 households don’t know at all that cleaning the septic tank is
necessary, accounting for 36.41%, 64 surveyed persons said that they don’t know how
to clean the septic tank, accounting for 34.78%, 29 surveyed persons said that the
cleaning neccesity was not considered during the design, therefore, there is cleaning no
method, accounting for 15.76%, other 24 surveyed persons said that cleaning the septic
tank is not necessary, accounting for 13.04%.
    Besides, viewing from results of of the questionnaire survey of the selected villages,
where the public is willing to reply to the questionnaire survey, after they are told that
the indoor underground septic tank is harmful, 5583 surveyed persons considered that it
is necessary to carry out modification of the indoor underground septic tank, accounting
for 96.99%; after they are told about the contamination of the washing wastewater to the
environment, 5410 village households considered that it is necessary to carry out
collection and treatment of the washing wastewater, accounting for 93.99%; 2221
village households considered that it is necessary to carry out the discentrized and
centrized treatment of the washing wastewater, accounting for 38.59%, 1042 village
households considered that it is necessary to carry out the centrized treatment,
accounting for 18.10%, and 2478 village households considered that the design
institution should make decision through argumentation, accounting for 43.05%.




                                           49
           Fig 5-1:Scheme of the villagers’ understnding to the sewage treatment
                                 96.99%
 100.00%                                           93.99%
  90.00%        80.70%
  80.00%                                                          Proportion of un-
  70.00%                                                          cleaned septic tanks
  60.00%
  50.00%
  40.00%
  30.00%                                                          Proportion of villagers
  20.00%                                                          who think that
  10.00%
   0.00%                                                          modification of septic
                                                                  tank is necessary
            Proportion of     Proportion of   Proportion of
              un-cleaned      villagers who   villagers who       Proportion of villagers
             septic tanks      think that    think that it is     who think that it is
                                                                  necessary to collect
                             modification of   necessary to
                                                                  the washing wastewater
                             septic tank is     collect the
                                necessary         washing
                                                wastewater




    The social appraisal and survey have shown: understanding of the most
villagers to the wastewater treatment is relatively simple, similarly, the popularity of
basic knowledge of cleaning the septic tank is relatively low. Through introduction to the
project conditions before the survey and explaination to knowledge of the environmental
protection, the villagers have increased their understanding to advantages and
disadvantages, and their understanding to the design alternative has been increased.
    ⑵Support to the project construction
    According to analysis of the survey and questionnaire about the public wish of the
selected villages, after they are told about conditions of the main investment party,
principle of the capital apportion, content and objective the project construction, villagers
of 5652 households expressed their support to realization of the project in their village,
accounting for 98.19%; villagers of 5575 households expressed their support to
realization of construction of the sewage pipeline net, and villagers of 5612 households
expressed their support to modification of the sewage pipeline net, accounting for
97.50%.
    According to results of survey and questionnaire of 401 social appraisals, 389 of
the surveyed persons expressed that for sake of better realization of the project in their
village, they wish to change their bad habits, e.g. not saving the water consumption,
random throw away the gabage etc., accounting for 97.01%. When asking if they are
willing to undertake the capital for modification of the septic tank, 211 of the surveyed
persons expressed their negation, accounting for 52.62%. Regarding selection of
                                             50
modification of the septic tank, 372 of the surveyed persons have selected unified
modification by the project construction enterprise, accounting for 92.77%.

                       Fig. 5-2:Scheme of the villagers’ supporting degree
                                                               The project’s supporting
   100.00%    98.19% 96.86%     97.50% 97.01%                 degree
    90.00%
    80.00%
    70.00%                                                    Supporting degree of
    60.00%                                      52.62%        construction of the pipeline
    50.00%                                                    net
    40.00%
    30.00%                                                    Supporting degree of
    20.00%                                                    modification of indoor
    10.00%                                                    pipeline
     0.00%
                                                              Proportion of willing to
             The project




                              modification




                                              Proportion of
                                              un-willing to

                                               capital for
             supporting




                               Supporting




                                                              improve the bad habits
                               degree of

                               of indoor




                                                undertake
               degree
                ’s




                                                              Proportion of un-willing to
                                                              undertake capital for
                                                              modification of septic tank




    The social appraisal survey has shown: regarding the government-invested
 infrastructure construction projects, the absolute majority of villagers still expressed
 their strong supporting attitude. However, when it is related to necessity of undertaking
 part of the construction expenses, the supporting degree was clearly decreased, even
 undertaking of relatively small part of the construction expenses failed to obtain
 support from the most villager.
    ⑶Attitude of the villagers’ participation in the project
     The first: wish to know the basic conditions. Results of 401 social appraisal survey
and questionnaire have shown that 353 of the surveyed persons expressed their
neccessity to know relevant information, e.g. location, time, design alternative, influence
of construction, expropriation of land, relocation etc., accounting for 88.03%. There are
also surveyed persons, whose attitude is no neccessity or indifferent. They think that
their education level is not high, there is no sense even to know the project, just go with
the most people.
     297 of the surveyed persons expressed that after knowing the relevant information
of the project, they will put forward their opinion and proposal to relevant authorities
according to actual conditions. These people account for 74.06%, other 50 of the
surveyed persons expressed that they don’t know what proposal should be put forward.
There are two reasons why these people expressed that they will not put forward their
opinion: the first reason is they consider that their education level is low and have
insufficient understanding to the project, they are unable to put forward their opinion; the
                                                51
second reason is even they have put forward their opinion, the relevant authorities will
have no any reply or will not take any action; they cannot reach their objective.
    The second: wish to participate in the project construction. Results of 401 social
appraisal survey and questionnaire have shown that 338 of the surveyed persons
expressed their wish to participate in the project construction under the precondition of
providing working opportunity, e.g. contracting of part of the construction works, to have
job on the construction site, providing raw materials or doing small business near the
construction site. These people account for 84.29%. Other 63 surveyed persons, who
expressed that they donn’t wish to participate in the project construction, are all at the
age above 60. They have no ability to undertake relevant work.
    The third: wish to participate in future operation of the project. Results of 401 social
appraisal survey and questionnaire have shown that 378 surveyed persons expressed
that after the government invested in the project, they have responsibility to undertake
the operation and maintenance work. Also, other 378 surveyed persons expressed that
they are willing to undertake the operation and maintenance work under the
precondition of payable service. They account for 94.26% of all the surveyed persons.
In respect of selection mode of the project future operation, 23 surveyed persons
selected that they will be responsible for operation and maintenance of the project in
their own villages. They account for 59.10% of all the surveyed persons; 164 surveyed
persons selected that the government should ask a maintenance company to undertake
the maintenance work, and then hand over this work to the villages. They account for
40.90% of all the surveyed persons. The main consideration of the surveyed persons,
who selected that the government should ask a maintenance company to undertake the
maintenance work, is that they don’t know the project, and are afraid of doing this work
well. They wish that the maintenance company operates the project for several years,
and they will take over after getting sufficient knowledge.




                                             52
              Fig. 5-3:Sketch of wish of the viligers to participate in the project

    100.00%                                            94.26%   Proportion of viligers willing
                88.03%                   84.29%
                              74.06%                            to get information about the
     80.00%
                                                                project
     60.00%                                                     Proportion of viligers who will
     40.00%                                                     put forward relevent opinion

     20.00%                                                     Proportion of viligers willing
      0.00%                                                     to participate in the project
                                                                construction
              Proportion of




                                       Proportion of


                                        participate
               willing to




                                        willing to
                                                                Proportion of viligers willing
                viligers




                                         viligers
                                                                to undertake operation and
                   get




                                                                maintenance work




    Social appraisal and survey have shown: under the precondition of proper
method and system, wish of the most villagers to participate in the project is relatively
strong, because of their low capability, only small part of the villagers are afraid of
participation in the project, thus leading to their low wish of participation in the project.




                                                          53
6 Analysis of the relevent beneficial colony
6.1 Identification of the relevent beneficial colony
    Aiming at features of the sub-project of the domestic wastewater treatment, we
approximately divide the relevent beneficial colony into two types, i.e. the main
beneficial colony and other beneficial colony.
    ⑴Main beneficial colony
    The main beneficial colony includes direct beneficiaries and the colony negatively
influenced by the project construction. Aiming at sub-project of the domestic wastewater
treatment, the direct beneficiaries are the villagers directly get benefit from the project.
The colony negatively influenced by the project construction includes the colony, whose
normal life is interfered by the construction, expropriation of land, occupation of their
resource and other factors, including relocation of immigrants and the weak colony.
    Regarding identification of the weak colony, normally it includes people of low
income, women, agged people and the ethnic minorities. Ningbo City is located in the
developed coastal area of China. Its economic, political-economic and cultural
development level is at the forefront among other Chinese areas at the same grade.
The unfair conditions of dealing with the weak colony in the political-economic and
social-cultural realm never exist. All the people enjoy the same right and obligation in
the political-economiccultural, educational, healthcare and other realms. All the people
can enjoy the beneficiary brought by the project and have the same responsibility.
Besides, according to the site survey of social appraisal working group of ECIDI, the
influenced areas of the project are not concentrated in villiges of the ethnic minorities.
The population in 19 surveyed villiges of the ethnic minorities amounts to only 48
persons. They are mainly married and discentrilized in various households. After they
are settled down in local households, they enjoy the the same right and obligation as
the local villagers. At prsent, besides identification of their ethnic minorities from their ID
card (household registration book), they don’t have other characteristic of the ethnic
minorities. Therefore, the main weak colony, to which the project pays attention to,
includes the low income people, women and the agged people. During the survey of the
social appraisal working group, it is required to have definite number of women and the
agged people to participate in the survey, and the main point is to know care, thinking
and proposal of population the low income households to the project construction.
Besides, it is necessary to know their capability and proposal of bearing expenses for
relevent operation and maintenance of the project.
                                              54
    ⑵Other beneficial colony
    Other beneficial colony includes the project owner, the project implementing organs,
relevent government depaertments and other beneficial colony. The capital source of
this project is mainly from Ningbo City Government, various counties (districts) and part
of the associated capital; the concrete implementation work of the project will be under
the responsibility of governments of various counties (districts). Therefore, other
beneficial colony mainly includes the project owner — Ningbo City and the
project-related governments of counties (districts). The the project implementing organ
— Ningbo City and the project-related responsible department (the village working office)
in the governments of counties (districts) at all levels, which undertake works of the
project, and the consulting institutions undertaking the design and consulting work of the
project, as well as the project construction enterprises etc.
    The relevent colony of the rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project in the
villages is detailed in table 6.1-1.
 Detailed table of the related colony of rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project
Table 6.1-1
                               beneficial
   name of the project                                         name of the colony
                                colony
                               the main        ⑴The beneficial habitants in the project area
                               beneficial      ⑵Immigrants
                                colony         ⑶The weak colony
                                               ⑴Ningbo City’s government
                                               ⑵ Governments of counties (districts) related to the
                                               project
The sub-project of the
                                               ⑶Ningbo City’s agricaltural office
domestic      wastewater
                                               ⑷ The office of counties (districts) related to the
treatment in the villages   Other beneficial
                                               project
                                colony
                                               ⑸Designing and consulting institutions
                                               ⑹Construction enterprise
                                               ⑺ The functional offices of Ningbo City and other
                                               departments of counties (districts) related to the
                                               project


6.2 Analysis of demand of relevent colony
    Analysis of demand of various types of the main relevent beneficiaries is in favor to
distinguish the main social matters of the project, and to avoid latent social risk of the
project, promoting successful realization of the project.
    Because of different position in the project, different types of respective
beneficiaries have different need. Even if the beneficial colony is of the same type,
because of different social and economic development level, their demand is also
different. Aiming at the demand of various types of relevent colony in different areas, the
                                                 55
social appraisal working group obtained relevent information mainly through discussion
with various types of colony and the on-site visit.
    ⑴Habitants in villages where the project will be realized
    Habitants in villages where the project will be realized include the beneficial
habitants in villages where the project will be realized, immigrants, the weak colony and
the main beneficial colony.
    According to 401 social appraisals of survey and questionnaire, in respect of
degree of attention to improve the most needed investment, the wastewater treatment
causes the highest attention. Totally 380 surveyed persons selected this topics, the next
attention is road. Totally 318 surveyed persons selected this topics. On the other hand,
while asking the surveyed persons to put the sequence of the most needed investment
improvement, 269 surveyed persons put the wastewater treatment on the first,
accounting for 67.08% of the 401 surveyed persons, other 20.45% of the surveyed
persons put the road on the first.
    Viewing from the conditions of selection of the environment pollution problems, 251
surveyed persons selected the Wastewater treatment, accounting for 63.59% of the
surveyed persons, and 34.91% of the surveyed persons selected the garbage problem.
    On the other hand, results of survey and questionnaire of selectin the public wish in
the villages have shown that 98.19% of the surveyed persons supported realization of
the wastewater treatment project in their villages, and 97.41% of the surveyed persons
supported modification of indoor pipeline and construction of outdoor sewage pipeline
net. During visit and discussion, part of the villagers expressed their dissatisfaction to
the members of the working group about the hygienic conditions, particularly expressed
their strong dissatisfaction about conditions of the domestic wastewater treatment. In
summer, rancidity emits eveywhere, and mosquito and fly appear eveywhere. These
conditions have shown that the local villagers expressed their strongest dissatisfaction
about the wastewater treatment project.
    In respect of drinking water suppy in part of villages, the water source, water quality
and water quantity are highly influenced by the season. In addition, due to agging of the
pipeline and other factors, this part of villagers has relatively strong requirement for
improvement of the water suppy facilities. Another part of villagers wish that the
government could gave definite favourable policy to support the mountain areas and
economic development in areas of water source protection, helping people in mountain
areas become rich soon.

                                             56
    Through analysis and sum-up of the questionnaire results, the main needs of the
 villagers in the project realization area are expressed in the following respects:
    ⑥ Construction of the wastewater treatment project and improvement of the rural
        environmental hygienic conditions;
    ⑦ Improvement of the water supply system, increasing assurance rate of the water
        supply and water quality;
    ⑧ Wishing to obtain the government support, accelerating economic construction
        of the villages, guiding the villagers to become rich;
    ⑨ Treat well the expropriation of land and compensation to settlement of the
        immigrants;
    ⑩ Decrease or exempt of relevent expenses for the low income households;


    ⑵ The project owner, project realization organ and other relevent government
departments
    Through discussion with government departments at all levels of Ningbo City, the
social appraisal group discovered that the attention problems of the relevent colony is
highly concentrated, focusing on how to accelerate the project examination and
approval procedure and how to organize the project realization ensuring successful
realization of the project and rendering the expected effects.
    Therefore, through analysis and sum-up, demand of the relevent the project owner
and the realization organ are mainly expressed in the following respects:
    ④ To organize relevent training and study as soon as possible, so as to organize
        the concrete implementation work more effectively;
    ⑤ To wish that the project realization could be started as soon as possible to have
        good start and good finish, so as to do a good and greate thing for the people;
    ⑥ To wish that the project design solution could be practical and realistic,
        complying with the local conditions, to be economically reasonable, and to
        decrease the construction and operation cost;
    ⑦ To wish that the project could render practical effects and play examplary role,
        promoting social economic development in local areas.
    The needes of the relevent beneficial colony are detailed in table 6.2-1.




                                             57
 Detailed table of needs of the relevent beneficial colony to the the rural domestic
                             wastewater treatment sub-project
  Table 6.2-1
 The beneficial colony                               The main needs
                            ① Construction of the wastewater treatment project and
                            improvement of environmental hygienic conditions of the villages;
                            ② Improvement of the water supply system, increasing assurance
                            rate of the water supply and water quality;
main beneficial colony
                            ③ Wishing to obtain the government support, accelerating economic
(habitants in the project
                            construction of the villages, guiding the villagers to become ric;
  realization villages)
                            ④ Treat well the expropriation of land and compensation to
                            settlement of the immigrants;
                            ⑤ Decrease or exempt of relevent expenses for the low income
                            households.
                            ① organize relevent training and study as soon as possible, so as
                              To
                            to organize the concrete implementation work more effectively;
                            ② wish that the project could start its realization as soon as
                              To
 other beneficial colony
                            possible, to have good start and good finish, so as to do a good and
 (the project owner, the
                            greate thing for the people;
project realization organ
                            ③ wish that the project design solution could be practical and
                              To
   and other relevent
                            realistic, complying with the local conditions, to be economically
      government
                            reasonable, and decrease cost of construction and operation;
     departments)
                            ④ wish that the project could render practical effects and play
                              To
                            examplary role, promoting social economic development in local
                            areas.




                                               58
7 Analysis of the social influence of the project
    The project realization may bring different influences to different beneficial colony
and organizations. Such influences are divided into positive and negative influence.
Analysis of the positive and negative influence of the project construction can effectively
identify, control and avoid the social risk of the project construction. Through unlimited
participation in the pre-project period investigation, and in connection with the site
survey and analysis of the questionnaire survey information, the project appraisal group
carried out analysis of the social influence of the project construction.
⑴Positive influence
    ① Improvement of the village environment, decreasing polluted discharge of the
        local rivers, protection of drinking water source and water quality;
    This is the main positive social influence of the project. Viewing from the present
    status of the overall rural environment of Ningbo City, the rural domestic garbage
    and the domestic wastewater are the two most importent factors influencing the
    rural appearance. Since 2003, Ningbo City realized the project of ―hundred
    examplary villages and thousand renovation villages‖, accumulatively over 1500
    villages have completed work of the rural renovation and construction of examplary
    villages, basiccal solved the rural domestic garbage problem, and the garbage
    collection facilities and operation system have been improved. Except for existance
    of problems in certain villages, because of existance of management problem,
    operation in other villages is good. The purposes of active promoting the project by
    Government of Ningbo City are: to solve the domestic wastewater problem in
    villages of Ningbo City, to improve the rural environment appearence of Ningbo City,
    to decrease pollution discharge, to protect water source, and to upgrade the overall
    level of the rural environment of Ningbo City.
    ② Upgtade farmers’ consciousness of the environment protection, promoting and
driving forward protection of the rural environment
    During the pre-project preparation period of the social appraisal and the project
design, ECIDI attached high importance to the project-related information and
knowledge about the environment protection through discussion, face-to-face exchange
of opinion, introduction of scheme, documentation and other forms, telling this
information to the local villagers, so that they will unlimitedly participate in the project.
Besides, during promotion of the project, publication of the project-related information,
populaeization of environmental protection knowledge and other works greatly helped

                                             59
the environmental protection consciousness of the local villagers. At the same time, with
completion and putting into operation of the project, good operation effects also
deepened influence in theses respects, thus promoting the environment protection work
in rural areas.
    ③Decrease occurrence of sickness, improving health of the villagers
    After realization of the project, effective treatment and discharge of the domestic
wastewater up to the standard will greatly control the problem of contamination of the
domestic wastewater, greatly improving the environmental conditions, decreasing
growth of mosquito and fly and other harmful incects, and decreasing diffusion of
harmful germina, thus decreasing occurrence and diffusion of relevant sickness,
promoting health of the local villagers.
    ④ Help the project owner and the realization organ upgrade the project
 management level and absorb foreing expirence in wastewater treatment.
    This is a project to be constructed by Ningbo City’s government and active
cooperation with World Bank and utilizing loan of World Bank. The project will be
requiremented according to relevent requirements of the project investment. Through
the project management platform of World Bank, it is possble to introduce currently
international advanced technology, equipment and the project management experience
upgrading and improving the project management level and the project realization level
of the project owner and the realization organ.
    ⑵Negative influence
    ① Implementation of the project will be related to part of permanent expropriation of
land and temporary occupation of land. Viewing from the current design results, the land
surface area, which every village needs to expropriate permanently, is not great, about
0.1~0.2 mu, and the land surface area, which every village needs to expropriate
temporarily, is bout 0.2~5.2 mu. Although the influenced land surface area is relatively
small, but viewing from the site survey and discussion, the local villagers show their
high care for expropriation of land and relocation. Therefore, the relevent compesation
and settlement work has relatively great importance for successful implementation of
the project. On the other hand, the total land surface area of permanent expropriation of
land and temporary occupation of land is not great, but if it is concentrated on cetain
households, the influence to their income will be great. Therefore, it is necessary to take
proper compesation measures for settlement to readuce the influence.
    ②Interference and harm to normal life of the villagers during the project

                                            60
construction
    Influence to the colony brought about during the project construction is mainly
inonvenience in daily life, e.g. laying of pipeline net and bedding of the equipment. This
will definitely damage the farmers’ production infrastructure. It may breake or occupies
part of the road sections, influencing going-out of the villagers. It may also cause
construction noise, dusting and public security problem. Besides, construction may also
cause temporary expropriation of part land and influence to harvest of the farming
season. There is also a problem of re-plough after finish of the construction.
    In order to collect the night soil and the washing wastewater, it is necessary to
modify part of the the villagers’ indoor sewage pipeline, connct and re-lay the pipeline.
This will damage villagers’ indoor decoration.
    ③ The project operation and management expenses may bring economic pressure
for the villages, which are economicaly weak.
    After putting the project into operation, the project may need some costs, e.g.
electricity cost. Source of these costs will be defined comprehensively according to
relevent opinion of governments of Ningbo City and the project-related counties
(districts). If various villages are required to undertake relevent expenses, it will bring
additional pressure to their collective economy; particularly it will bring great economic
pressure for the water source protection areas, where the collective economy is
relatively weak.




                                            61
8 Analysis of the payment wish and the payment ability
    The social appraisal and survey group of ECIDI has adopted 4 methods, namely
―one-to-one‖ or ―one-to-many‖ on-site questionary, on-site independent fill-up survey
and questionnaire, and distribution of questionnaire for investigating, and investigated
the payment wish and the payment ability of the areas influenced by the project. After
analysis and sorting out, according to requirements of the memorandum of World Bank
issued in January of 2009, aiming at the rural domestic wastewater treatment
sub-project and the sub-project of the caostal water supply of small towmships at
Chunhu of Fenghau, a ―Survey report on the payment wish and the payment ability
survey in new villages of Ningbo‖ was complied.
8.1 The present status of expenses payment
    The information collected by the social appraisal and survey group of ECIDI has
shown, the current standard of the wastewater treatment cost collected from the urban
habitants are jointly defineed by the Developmnet & Reform Bureau and the Pricing
Bureau of various counties (districts). This cost is paid along with the water consumption
cost. Besides, as it is known, certain governments invest and construct the wastewater
treatment plants in rural areas, but theses wastewater treatment plants only collect and
treat the sewage discharged from the enterprises, and it has no relation to the rural
domestic wastewater treatment.
    The survey information has shown that currently all the 19 villages, where the
wastewater treatment sub-project surveyed have realized tape water supply. The rate of
popularization of tape water supply reached 100%. In respect of collecting the water
consumption cost, the conditions are different. In 5 villages (4 villages of Yinzhou
District and Nangchong Village of Maoyang Town of Xiangshan) villagers use water
supply free of charge, and the water supply cost id undertaken by the collective
economy accounting for 26.32% of the surveyed villages. Other villages collect the
water consumption cost to different extent. Yekoushan Village of Dingtang Town of
Xiangshan collects the highest water consumption cost; the standard cost is 2 yuan
RMB/m3; Nangxi Village of Dayan Town of Fenghau collects the lowest water
consumption cost; the standard cost is 5 yuan RMB/household per year. Because all the
villages have the wastewater treatment system, the water consumption cost does not
include the wastewater treatment expenses.
    All the 7 surveyed villages related to the Fenghau coastal water supply project have
realized tape water supply. The rate of popularization of tape water supply reached
                                            62
100%. Except for free tape water supply in Jindi Village and Tungjiaosi Village, other 5
villages, namely Zhongjiedong Village, Wujiapu Village, Xixie Village and Tongshan
Village, tape water is supplied in unified way at the standard charge cost of 0.8 yuan
RMB/m3, but in Wengao Village, tape water is supplied from the pipeline net system that
takes mountain spring water to the households of this village at the standard cost of 0.5
yuan RMB/m3.
    Normally there are 2 standards of defining the water consumption cost. For the
villages, where the water is supplied in unified way from the town water plant, the
standard water consumption cost is defined by the pricing authority and relevent
superintendent department. For the villages, where the water supply facility is
constructed by the villages, the water consumption cost is defined by the villagers
committee according to operation cost of the water supply system with consideration of
the villagers’ opinion.
8.2 The payment wish and the payment ability
8.2.1 The payment wish
    ⑴The rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project
    According to requirements of World Bank, the social appraisal and survey group of
ECIDI collected back 401 effective questionaries. After analysis of these questionaries,
282 surveyed persons expressed their wish to undertake relevent cost, accounting for
70.32%. This has shown the strong relatively strong payment wish; 70 surveyed
persons expressed not wish to undertake relevent cost accounting for 17.46%; 49
surveyed persons expressed that they need consider and temporalily did not show their
attitude accounting for 12.22%.
    The propery distribution of the 282 surveyed persons willing to pay the cost is
detailed in table 8.2-1.




                                           63
 Detailed table of distribution of the surveyed persons willing to pay the cost for the sub-project of the rural domestic wastewater
                                                                   treatment
  Table 8.2-1

                  distribution of the surveyed persons                         unit     data of survey              remark
                                               18-25                         person           1
                                               26-35                         person          13           persons of 36~65 years old
                                                                                                           account for 83.69% of the
                                               36-45                         person          47
age structure                                                                                              total nmber of persons, in
                                               46-55                         person          112
                                                                                                            which most are of 46~55
                                               56-65                         person          77                    years old
                                         66 and above                        person          32
                                            illiterate                       person          10           most of them have education
                                        primary school                       person          115            level of primary school and
education level                       junior high school                     person          118          junior high school accounting
                                      senior high school                     person          30                           for
                                         junior college                      person           6                 40.78% and 41.84%
                                    university and above                     person           3                      respectively
                                              farmer                         person          227         farmers account for 80.50% of
                                              worker                         person          26             the total nmber of persons;
                   seif-managed owner of secondary and tirtiary industry     person          19            workers of the self-managed
                                          civil servant                      person           2          secondary and tirtiary industry
  occuparion                                                                                                 rank the 2-nd and the 3-rd
                                             teacher                         person           2
                                           armyman                           person           3               position; these 3 types of
                          retired cadre and retired veteran cadre            person           1            persons account for 96.45%
                                laid-off or job-waiting worker               person           2           of the total nmber of persons
                            1000 yuan RMB~3000 yuan RMB                     household         6
                            3000 yuan RMB~5000 yuan RMB                     household        20           households with income of
                            5000 yuan RMB~8000 yuan RMB                     household        22            8000~12000 yuan RMB,
                            8000 yuan RMB~12000 yuan RMB                    household        47            12000~20000 yuan RMB,
income of the
                           12000 yuan RMB~20000 yuan RMB                    household        65          20000~30000 yuan RMB and
  household
                           20000 yuan RMB~30000 yuan RMB                    household        59            30000~50000 yuan RMB
                           30000 yuan RMB~50000 yuan RMB                    household        39             account for the majority
                          50000 yuan RMB~100000 yuan RMB                    household        14                reaching 74.47%
                                  above 100000 yuan RMB                     household        10

                                                                       64
65
               Fig. 8.2-1:Sketch of comparison of the age structure of the surveyed
                                persons wishing to pay the cost
200
                                                                                                   Number of the surveed
175                                                      160                                       persons wishing to
150                                                                                                pay the cost
125                                                                      112                       (proportion)
                                             112(70%)
100                                                                                                Total number of the
                                           68                  77(69%)                             surveed persons
75
50                  13(72%) 47(69%)                                                     42
                                                                                  32(76%)
25     1(100%)           18
             1
 0
       Proportion
       of persons



                    Proportion
                    of persons



                                  Proportion
                                  of persons



                                                  Proportion
                                                  of persons




                                                                                   Proportion
                                                                                   of persons
                                                                Proportion
        years old




                     years old




                                   years old




                                                   years old




                                                                                    years old
                                                                of persons
         of 18-25




                      of 26-35




                                    of 36-45




                                                    of 46-55




                                                                                     above 66
                                                                 years old
                                                                  of 56-65


            Fig. 8.2-2:Sketch of the education level of the surveyed
           persons wishing to pay the cost in comparison with all the
 200                            surveyed persons
                                                      179
 175                              161                                                  Number of the surveyed
 150                                                                                   persons wishing to pay the
                         115(71%)         118(66%)                                     cost (proportion)
 125                                                                                   Number of all the surveyed
 100                                                                                   persons
  75
  50     10(67%)                                              30(81%) 37            6(100%)          3(100%)
  25           15                                                                             6                3
   0
           illiterates




                                                                    high school
                             Proportion
                             of primary




                                                                                      Proportion




                                                                                                     Proportion

                                                                                                     university
           Proportion




                                                                    Proportion




                                                                                      of junior




                                                                                                     and above
                                                high school
                                                 Proportion




                                                                     of senior
                                                 of junior




                                                                                       college
                               school




                                                                                                         of
               of




                                                               66
                      Fig. 8.2-3:Sketch of the occupation of the surveyed persons wishing to pay
  350
              321                the cost in comparison with all the surveyed persons
  300
                                                                                  Number of the surveyed
  250   227(71%)
                                                                                  persons wishing to pay the
                                                                                  cost (proportion)
  200                                                                             Number of all the surveyed
                                                                                  persons
  150

  100

   50                26(74%) 35      19(70%)
                                               27                                                 1(100%)
                                                                   2(100%) 2      3(43%) 7
    0                                                2(67%) 3                                           1
        Proportion      Proportion     Proportion     Proportion     Proportion    Proportion     Proportion
        of farmers      of workers    of owners of     of civil     of teachers    of armymen     of retired
                                      self-managed     servants                                   cadres and
                                        secondary                                                   retired
                                      and tirtiary                                                  veteran
                                        industry                                                    cadres



                    Fig. 8.2-4:Sketch of income of the surveyed persons wishing to pay the
  120                          cost in comparison with all the surveyed persons
  105                                                                                           Number of the
                                                           92                                   surveyed persons
   90
                                                                                                wishing to pay the
   75                                                                  70                       cost (proportion)
                                                     65(71%)                                    Number of all the
   60                                           58              59(84%)                         surveyed persons
                                                                                  53
                                          47(81%)
   45                     38         39                                     39(74%)
   30        22 20(53%) 22(56%)                                                             19
                                                                                               10(100%)
   15                                                                                  14(74%)
         6(27%)                                                                                      10
    0
        Proportion




                               Proportion




                                                      Proportion


                                                      20000 yuan




                                                                            Proportion


                                                                            50000 yuan




                                                                                                   Proportion
        of income

        3000 yuan




                               of income

                               8000 yuan




                                                      of income




                                                                            of income




                                                                                                   of income
                                                       12000 –




                                                                             30000 –
         1000 –




                                5000 –




                                                                                                     100000
                                                                                                     above




    Viewing from the data of survey and the above figure, the surveyed persons
wishing to pay the cost are differently distributed in respect of the age structure,
education level, occuparion structure and annual income of the household.
    Analyzing from the age structure, most of the surveyed persons belong to age 46-
55, namely 160 persons, most of which wish to pay the cost reaching 112 persons
accounting for 70%; the surveyed persons ranking the 2 nd position belong to age 56-
65, namely 112 persons, in which 77 wish to pay the cost accounting for 69%; the
surveyed persons of other age have different proportion of wishing to pay the cost. The
detailed data are shown in fig. 8.2-1.
                                                             67
    Analyzing from the occupation, most of the surveyed persons belong to farmers,
namely 321 persons, in which most belong to the absolutely wishing to pay the cost
reaching 227 persons accounting for 71%; the number of workers absolutely wishing to
pay the cost ranking the 2nd position totaled 26 accounting for 69%; there are different
proportions of the surveyed persons of other occupations wishing to pay the cost. The
detailed data are shown in fig. 8.2-2.
     Analyzing from the education level, most of the surveyed persons belong to
education level of primary school totaled 179, in which number of the surveyed persons
absolutely wishing to pay the cost is also the highest totaled 118 accounting for 66%;
number of the surveyed persons with education level of primary school absolutely
wishing to pay the cost ranking the 2nd totaled 161 accounting for 71%; there is different
proportion of the surveyed persons with other education level. The detailed data are
shown in fig. 8.2-3. Viewing from the data of analysis of the surveyed persons with
different education level, proportion of the surveyed persons with education level of
senior high school wishing to pay the cost is higher than the surveyed persons with low
education level.
    Analyzing from the household income, number of households with annual income
of 12000 yuan RMB-20000 yuan RMB belongs to the most totaled 92 households, in
which number of households wishing to pay the cost totaled 65 households accounting
for 71%; the absolute number of households with annual income of 20000 yuan RMB
ranking the 2nd totaled 70 households, in which number of households wishing to pay
the cost totaled 59 households accounting for 84%; among the surveyed persons, there
is different proportion of number of households wishing to pay the cost. The detailed
data are shown in fig. 8.2-4. Viewing from the analysis data of the surveyed persons
with different income level, proportion of the surveyed persons with high income level
wishing to pay the cost compared with the total number of the surveyed persons is
slightly higher than those with low income level.
    Besides, it is known from the survey, persons not wishing to pay the cost and
persons not said their opinion think that this is the matter of public benfit, and such type
of project should be undertaken by the government. Furthermore, the main objective of
the project is to protect the safe drinking water of the downstream habitants.
Implementation of this project has no relation with them. Therefore, the relevant
expenses should not be undertaken by the habitants in area of the project. The
expenses should be undertaken by the downstream habitants. Besides, another part of

                                             68
persons think that their households have heavy economic burden. After the project
putting into operation, it is difficult to control the maintenance and management
expenses that will further increase economic burden of their households.
    According to requirements of the memorandum of World Bank, the indoor pipeline
modification included in this project needs additional capital out of the budgetary
estimation should be undertaken by the villagers. Viewing from the discussion results in
various villages, the most villagers expressed that they can undertake small part of
expenses out of the budgetary estimation under the precondition of reasonable project.
    ⑵Fenghau coastal water supply project of
    Viewing from the results of questionnaire of 405 surveyed persons regarding
Fenghau coastal water supply project, only 1 of the surveyed persons expressed that he
does not wish and cannot undertake the expense due to high economic burden of his
family. Compared with the sub-project of wastewater treatment, the surveyed persons of
Fenghau coastal water supply project expressed strong payment wish, reaching nearly
100%.
8.2.2 The payment ability
    The main idea of this report on analysis of the payment ability is based on the
payment wish of the surveyed persons and the selection of the wished payment amount.
The report analyzed the payment wish of the surveyed persons and the relationship with
their age, education level, occupation and income, then calculatedthe theoretical wished
payment amount for this project.
8.2.2.1 Selection of wished payment amount of the surveyed persons
    Regarding selection of the wished payment amount, the social appraisal and
survey group of ECIDI has set 6 levels of payment amount, namely 0~10 yuan
RMB/month*household,        10~20    yuan    RMB/      month*household,     20~30    yuan
RMB/month*households,        30~40    yuan        RMB/month*households,     40~50    yuan
RMB/month*households and over 50 yuan RMB/month*household, and divided the
payment wish into: highly wish, relatively wish, wish, relactently wish and do not wish.
    ⑴ The rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project
     of
    Through statistics of the 401 surveyed effective social appraisal questionnaire,
there are 282 surveyed persons expressed wishing to pay the cost for rural domestic
wastewater treatment sub-project. Their payment wish and the payment ability are
detailed in table 8.5-2. If we classify the payment wish according to low payment (0~20
yuan RMB/month, including persons not wishing to pay), middle payment (20~40 yuan

                                             69
RMB/month) and high payment (above 40 yuan RMB/month). Distribution of all 401
surveyed persons is detailed in table 8.2-3 and fig. 8.2-5.




                                            70
             The survey table of the payment wish and the payment ability for the domestic water treatment sub-project
   Table 8.2-2
  Amount of wished                                           the surveyed persons data of the project-related counties (districts)
                             willing of payment
      payment                                     Total   Ninghai County    Fenghau City      Yuyao City     Yinzhou District    Xiangshan County
     0~10 yuan                   highly wish      109          19               22               39                8                    21
                               relatively wish     24           6                3               13                                     2
RMB/month, i.e. about
                                     wish          99          28               36               28                 5                   2
 5 yuan RMB/month             relactently wish     7            1                3                                  1                   2
    10~20 yuan                   highly wish       18           8                                  8                2
                               relatively wish     7            4                                  3
RMB/month, i.e. about
                                     wish          9            1                                  8
15 yuan RMB/month             relactently wish
    20~30 yuan                   highly wish       3            1                                  1                                    1
                               relatively wish
RMB/month, i.e. about
                                     wish          1            1
25 yuan RMB/month             relactently wish
    30~40 yuan                   highly wish
                               relatively wish
RMB/month, i.e. about
                                     wish          2            1                                  1
35 yuan RMB/month             relactently wish
    40~50 yuan                   highly wish       2                                               2
                               relatively wish
RMB/month, i.e. about
                                     wish
45 yuan RMB/month             relactently wish
    Over 50 yuan                 highly wish       1            1
RMB/month, i.e. about          relatively wish
                                     wish
75 yuan RMB/month
                              relactently wish
                     Total                        282          71                 64             103                16                 28



                                                                    71
           Detailed table of distribution of the surveyed persons classified according to wished payment amount for rural domestic
                                                      wastewater treatment sub-project
      Table 8.2-3
type of payment wish          age                 education level                           occupation                       income
                          18-25                  illiterate                               farmer               2    1000~3000 yuan RMB     0
                          26-35             primary school           1                    worker                    3000~5000 yuan RMB     0
                                               junior high                self-managed owners of the 2-nd           5000~8000 yuan RMB     0
                          36-45                                      1                                         1
                                                  school                    and the 3-rd industries owner
   High payment            46-55       2      senior high            1                civil servant                 8000~12000 yuan RMB    0
                           56-65       1          school
                                             junior college                              teacher                    12000~20000 yuan RMB   0
                       66 and above         University and                              armyman                     20000~30000 yuan RMB   0
                             /         /           above
                                                       /             /    Retired and senior retired cdadre         30000~50000 yuan RMB   0
                             /         /               /             /      laid-off or job-waiting workers          over 50000 yuan RMB   3
     Sub-total                                                                           3
                          18-25                  illiterate                               farmer               2    1000~3000 yuan RMB     0
                          26-35             primary school           1                    worker               2    3000~5000 yuan RMB     0
                                               junior high                self-managed owners of the 2-nd           5000~8000 yuan RMB
                          36-45                                      3                                         1                           0
                                                  school                    and the 3-rd industries owner
Medium-levl payment        46-55       4      senior high            2                civil servant                 8000~12000 yuan RMB    0
                           56-65       2          school
                                             junior college                              teacher                    12000~20000 yuan RMB   5
                       66 and above         University and                              armyman                1    20000~30000 yuan RMB   1
                             /         /           above
                                                       /             /    Retired and senior retired cdadre         30000~50000 yuan RMB   0
                             /         /               /             /      laid-off or job-waiting workers          over 50000 yuan RMB   0
     Sub-total                                                                           6
                          18-25       1          illiterate          15                   farmer              317   1000~3000 yuan RMB     22
                          26-35       18    primary school          159                   worker               33   3000~5000 yuan RMB     38
                                               junior high                self-managed owners of the 2-nd           5000~8000 yuan RMB
                          36-45       68                            175                                       25                           39
                                                  school                    and the 3-rd industries owner
    low payment            46-55      154     senior high           34                civil servant            3    8000~12000 yuan RMB    58
                           56-65      109         school
                                             junior college         6                    teacher               2    12000~20000 yuan RMB   87
                       66 and above    42   University and          3                   armyman                6    20000~30000 yuan RMB   69
                             /          /          above
                                                       /             /    Retired and senior retired cdadre    1    30000~50000 yuan RMB   53
                             /          /              /             /      laid-off or job-waiting workers    5     over 50000 yuan RMB   26
     Sub-total                                                                         392


                                                                          72
            Fig. 8.2-5:Sketch of level of wishing to pay the rural domestic sewage
                                        treatment cost
                        97.76%

                                                                        Low payment

                                                                        Middle level
                                                                        payment
                                                                        High payment



                                 0.75%         1.50%




    According to above survey results, 230 persons from 282 surveyed persons, who
expressed their wish to pay the cost, selected the lowest payment amount, i.e. 0-10
yuan RMB/month*household, accounting for 84.75% of the total, other 34 persons
selected the payment amount of 10-20 yuan RMB/month*household. Thus number of
the surveyed persons of the two levels of the wished payment amount accounting
totaled 373 persons accounting for 96.81% of the total.
    According to above-defined classification into low payment, middle payment and
high payment, among all the surveyed persons, 392 persons selected low payment (in
which 273 persons selected 0-20 yuan RMB/month, 119 persons selected not wish to
pay), accounting for 97.76% of the total surveyed persons; 6 persons selected middle
payment and 3 persons selected high payment.
    Viewing from age, among the surveyed persons, most belong to persons of 46-55
and 56 -65 years old selected low payment, i.e. 154 persons and 109 persons
respectively; all the surveyed persons, who selected middle payment, also belong to
persons of 46-55 and 56-65 years old, i.e. 4 persons and 2 persons respectively; all
the surveyed persons, who selected high payment, also belong to persons of 46-55
and 56-65 years old, i.e. 2 persons and 1 person respectively. In this respect, persons
of 46-55 and 56-65 years old belong to permanent rural habitants, and they are the
main persons of the household’s income and the main decision-maker of the household.
    Viewing from education level, among the surveyed persons selected low payment,
most belong to education level of junior high school and primary school, amounted to

                                             73
175 persons and 159 persons respectively; among the surveyed persons selected
middle payment, most belong to education level of junior high school and senior high
school, amounted to 3 persons and 2 persons respectively; among the surveyed
persons selected high payment, belong to education level of education level of senior
high school, junior high school and primary school, amounted to 1person for each
education level respectively.
     Viewing from the income conditions, among the surveyed persons, selected low
payment, most belong to households with annual income of 12000-20000 yuan RMB
and 2-30000 yuan RMB, reaching 87and 69 households respectively; among the
surveyed persons selected middle payment, 5 households with annual income of 12000
-20000 yuan RMB and 1 household with annual income of 20000-30000 yuan RMB.
All the surveyed persons selected high payment belong to households with annual
income of over 50000 yuan RMB; there are totally 3 such households. Viewing from the
overall situation, all the surveyed persons belong to household with income less than
12000 yuan RMB selected low payment; the surveyed persons selected middle
payment mainly belong to households with income 12000-30000 yuan RMB. All the
surveyed persons selected high payment belong to household with income over 50000
yuan RMB. Therefore, low income and the low wished payment amount and high
income and the high wished payment amount have shown relatively large positive
relativity.
     ⑵Fenghau coastal water supply project
     Through statistics of 405 surveyed effective social appraisal questionnaires on the
payment wish and the payment ability, there are 404 persons expressed their wish to
pay the cost. The payment wish and the payment ability of these 404 persons are
detailed in table 8.2-4. We classified the wished payment amount low payment (0~20
yuan RMB/month, including persons not wish to pay), middle payment (20~40 yuan
RMB/month) and high payment (over 40 yuan RMB/month). Distribution of all 405
surveyed persons for Fenghau coastal water supply project is detailed in table 8.2-5 and
fig. 8.2-6.




                                           74
Simple table table of survey of the wished payment amount and the payment ability of the surveyed persons for Fenghau coastal water
                                                               supply project
    Table 8.2-4
the wished payment                                                     data of the surveyed persons in various villages
                           level of payment wish            Jindi     Jiadong       Wujiapu       Xixie       Tongshan    Wengao    Tungjiao
      amount                                       Total
                                                           Village     Village      Village      Village        Village   Village   si Village
    0~10 yuan                     highly wish       53         1         13           12             6              6         6         9
                                relatively wish     44         7           3            8            4              6       12          4
  RMB/month, i.e.
                                      wish          62         6           6          19             4             23         4
   about 5 yuan
                               relactently wish     3                      2                                        1
   RMB/month                      highly wish       60       4             6            9            4                      17         20
   10~20 yuan
                                relatively wish     80       20            8            4          10                       21         17
  RMB/month, i.e.
                                      wish          65       27                         1          31                       6
   about 15 yuan
                               relactently wish
   RMB/month                      highly wish       10       5            2                                                             3
   20~30 yuan
                                relatively wish     8        5                                                              3
  RMB/month, i.e.
                                      wish          16       6            3                                                             7
   about 25 yuan
                               relactently wish     1                     1
   RMB/month                      highly wish       1        1
   30~40 yuan
                                relatively wish
  RMB/month, i.e.
                                      wish          1        1
   about 35 yuan
                               relactently wish
   RMB/month                      highly wish
   40~50 yuan
                                relatively wish
  RMB/month, i.e.
                                      wish
   about 45 yuan
                               relactently wish
    RMB/month                     highly wish
   above 50 yuan
                                relatively wish
RMB/mont, i.e. about
                                      wish
75 yuan RMB/month              relactently wish
                       total                       404       83           44         53           59            36          69         60

                                                                     75
       Detailed table of distribution of the wished payment amount of the surveyed persons for Fenghau coastal water supply project
     Table 8.2-5
type of payment wish        age               education level                            occupation                      收入 income
                        18-25      /         illiterate          /                     farmer                /    1000~5000 yuan RMB       /
                        26-35      /    primary school           /                     worker                /    5000~8000 yuan RMB       /
                                           junior high                owners of self-managed secondary            8000~12000 yuan RMB
                        36-45      /                             /                                           /                             /
                                              school                           and tertiary industry
   high payment         46-55      /      senior high            /                 civil servant             /    8000~20000 yuan RMB      /
                        56-65      /          school
                                         junior college          /                    teacher                /    20000~30000 yuan RMB     /
                       above 66    /    university and           /     retired cadres and retired veteran    /    30000~50000 yuan RMB     /
                          /        /           above
                                                   /             /                     cadres
                                                                         laid-off or job-waiting workers     /     above 50000 yuan RMB    /
                          /        /               /             /                     others                /            unknown          /
     Sub-total                                                                           0
                        18-25     1          illiterate          0                     farmer               9     1000~5000 yuan RMB       0
                        26-35     4     primary school           9                     worker               5     5000~8000 yuan RMB       0
                                           junior high                owners of self-managed secondary            8000~12000 yuan RMB
                        36-45     13                            18                                          21                             2
                                              school                           and tertiary industry
  middle payment        46-55     18      senior high            3                 civil servant            1     8000~20000 yuan RMB     1
                        56-65     1           school
                                         junior college          5                    teacher               0     20000~30000 yuan RMB    5
                       above 66         university and           2     retired cadres and retired veteran   1     30000~50000 yuan RMB    8
                          /        /           above
                                                   /             /                     cadres
                                                                         laid-off or job-waiting workers           above 50000 yuan RMB   21
                          /        /               /             /                     others                             unknown         0
     Sub-total                                                                          37
                        18-25     5          illiterate          10                    farmer               234   1000~5000 yuan RMB      11
                        26-35     60    primary school          141                    worker               100   5000~8000 yuan RMB      5
                        36-45     112      junior high          164   owners of self-managed secondary      22    8000~12000 yuan RMB     42
                                              school                           and tertiary industry
    low payment         46-55     96      senior high           39                 civil servant             0    12000~20000 yuan RMB     66
                        56-65     66          school
                                         junior college         10                    teacher                3    20000~30000 yuan RMB    124
                       above 66   29    university and          4      retired cadres and retired veteran    2    30000~50000 yuan RMB     90
                          /        /           above
                                                   /             /                     cadres
                                                                         laid-off or job-waiting workers     3     above 50000 yuan RMB    26
                          /        /               /             /                     others                4            unknown          4
     Sub-total                                                                         368


                                                                        76
           Fig. 8.2-6:Sketch of level of wishing to pay the Fenghau coastal water
                                       supply project
             90.86%

                                                                         low payment
                                                                         middle payment




                                                     9.14%




    According to above survey results, among the 404 surveyed persons expressed
wish to pay the cost, 162 surveyed persons selected the lowest payment amount of 0-
10 yuan RMB/month*household, accounting for 40.25% of the total; 205 surveyed
persons selected 10-20 yuan RMB/month*household. Number of persons of these two
levels of the wished payment amount reached 367 accounting for 90.84% of the total
surveyed persons.
    According to above-defined classification, namely low payment, middle payment
and high payment, 368 persons among all the surveyed persons selected low payment
(367 persons selected 0-20 yuan RMB/month, 1 persons selected not wish to pay),
accounting for 90.86% of the total surveyed persons; 37 persons selected middle
payment; none of the surveyed persons selected high payment.
     Viewing from the age conditions, the surveyed persons of 36-45 and 46-55
years old belong to the main part of persons wishing to pay. Furthermore, proportion of
these surveyed persons is higher than low payment persons. Viewing from the
education level, the surveyed persons with education level of primary school and junior
high school belong to the main part of persons of wishing to pay. Viewing from the
income, all the surveyed persons with their household income less than 8000 yuan
RMB selected low payment; the surveyed persons selected middle payment mainly
belong to households with income over 50000 yuan RMB, but only 1 person with the
highest income over 100000 yuan RMB. Therefore, in overall, persons with low income
and low wished payment amount, and persons with high income and high wished

                                            77
payment amount have shown relatively large positive relativity.
     Viewing from the age conditions, most of the surveyed persons, selected low
payment belong to 36-45 and 46-55 years old, reaching 112 persons and 96 persons
respectively; most of the surveyed persons, selected middle payment also belong to 36
-45 and 46-55 years old, reaching 13 persons and 18 persons respectively.
     Viewing from the education level, most of the surveyed persons, selected low
payment belongs to education level of junior high school and primary school, amounted
to 164 persons and 141 persons respectively; the surveyed persons, selected middle
payment also belong to education level of junior high school and primary school,
amounted to 18 persons and 9 persons respectively.
     Viewing from the income condition, most of the surveyed persons, selected low
payment belong to households with annual income of 12000-20000 yuan RMB and
2000-3000 yuan RMB, amounted to 66 persons and 124 persons respectively; most of
the surveyed persons, selected middle payment belong to households with annual
income of 30000-50000 yuan RMB and over 50000 yuan RMB, amounted to 8
persons and 21 persons respectively. Viewing from the overall income condition, all the
surveyed persons with their household income less than 8000 yuan RMB selected low
payment; the surveyed persons selected middle payment mainly belong to households
with annual income over 50000 yuan RMB, but only 1 person with the highest income
over 100000 yuan RMB. Therefore, in overall, low income and the low wished payment
amount and high income and the hig wished payment amount have shown relatively
large positive relativity.
8.2.2.2 Calculation of the theoretical wished payment amount to the project
     Calculation of the theoretical wished payment amount to the project means
calculation of the average wished payment amount of the households in the project area,
i.e. calculation of the theoretical wished payment amount in the project area based on
results of survey and questionnaire in connection with mathematic model.
     According to fuzzy mathematic analysis method, the social appraisal working group
of ECIDI has set-up the model of wish probability: first divide the wished payment
amount into (Vi) 7 grades: 0, 5, 15, 25, 35, 45 and 75, and then divide the wishing
strength into 5 attitudes: highly wish, relatively wish, wish, relactently wish and not wish,
and then respectively define the payable probability (Ci) corresponding to these wishes
as: 1, 0.75, 0.5, 0.25 and 0, thus we defined the formula for calculation of the
per-household average wished payment amount (P) of the households in the project
                                             78
area as follows:

                                             P= 1∑Ci Vi
                                                n
                                                   i=1

    After analysis and calculation, the per-household average wished payment amount
is 3.98 yuan RMB/month. According to the same calculation method, the per-household
average wished payment amount for the rural domestic wastewater treatment
sub-project is 3.98 yuan RMB/month. According to the same calculation method, the
highest per-household average wished payment amount in various counties (districts) is
6.55 yuan RMB/month in Ninghai County. The lowest per-household average wished
payment amount in various counties (districts) is 1.06 yuan RMB/month in Yinzhou
District. The per-household average wished payment amount for Fenghau coastal water
supply project is 8.73 yuan RMB/month.
    The theoretical wished payment amount for Ningbo new rural development project
is detailed in table 8.2-6.


    Detailed table of theoretical wished payment amount for Ningbo new rural
                                     cevelopment project
    Table 8.2-6

                                         thoretical wished payment amount (yuan RMB/month)
             project                average in
                                                 Ninghai   Fenghau   Yuyao   Yinzhou    Xiangshan
                                      project
                                                 County      City     City   District     County
                                       area
    Sub-project or rural domestic     3.98        6.55      2.65     5.64     1.06        2.96
wastewater treatment
 Fenghau coastal water supply
                                      8.73            /       /        /        /           /
             project


    Taking the middle value of various income levels as the representative income, and
adopt method of calculation of the theoretical wished payment amount, respectively
calculate the theoretical wished payment amount of various levels and calculate the
relativity between the payment wish and the income. The calculation has shown that the
coefficient of relativity between the payment wish and the income for the rural domestic
wastewater treatment sub-project is 0.98, and the coefficient of relativity between the
payment wish and the income of the beneficiaries for Fenghau coastal water supply
project is 0.71. In these 2 projects, both have shown relatively strong positive relativity.
Details are shown in table 8.2-7 and table 8.2-8.


                                                 79
   Analysis table of relation betweem the payment wish for rural domestic wastewater
                           treatment project and the income
     Table 8.2-7

        income level       representative income     thoretical wished payment         reation
                                                               amount                 coefficient
   1000~3000 yuan RMB        20000 yuan RMB                      0.80

   3000~5000 yuan RMB        40000 yuan RMB                     1.84

   5000~8000 yuan RMB        65000 yuan RMB                     1.89

   8000~12000 yuan RMB       10000 yuan RMB                     3.32

  12000~20000 yuan RMB       16000 yuan RMB                     4.12                     0.98

  20000~30000 yuan RMB       25000 yuan RMB                     4.75

  30000~50000 yuan RMB       40000 yuan RMB                     4.20

  50000~100000 yuan RMB      75000 yuan RMB                     6.38

   over 100000 yuan RMB      200000 yuan RMB                   18.63


  Analysis table of relation betweem the payment wish for Fenghau coastal water supply
                                 project and the income
     Table 8.2-8
                                                                                          reation
     income level         representative income    thoretical wished payment amount
                                                                                         coefficient
 1000~3000 yuan RMB         20000 yuan RMB                       2.5                        0.71

 3000~5000 yuan RMB         40000 yuan RMB                      5.89

 5000~8000 yuan RMB         65000 yuan RMB                      8.25

8000~12000 yuan RMB         10000 yuan RMB                      6.42

12000~20000 yuan RMB        16000 yuan RMB                      7.87

20000~30000 yuan RMB        25000 yuan RMB                      8.00

30000~50000 yuan RMB        40000 yuan RMB                      10.22

50000~100000 yuan RMB       75000 yuan RMB                      12.26

 over 100000 yuan RMB      200000 yuan RMB                      12.08




                                            80
9 Proposal for improving the project design
9.1 Discovery of social appraisal survey and proposal
    ⑴ Location of the pipeline net arrangement and location of the final wastewater
treatment facilities should comply with the village planning and the villagers’ wish, and
pay attention to saving of land use.
    The survey has discovered: currently many villages are carrying out rural
construction, part of associated construction projects have plan, and the implementation
time is determined. In respect of lande use, all these projects have prepared priliminary
plan and arrangement. Many village cadres and villagers proposed that construction of
the wastewater treatment project should be coordinated with others construction
projects in the village to avoid repeated construction leading to unnecessary waste.
    Therefore, it is proposed to know the construction planning conditions, selecte
proper pipeline net direction and location of the final wastewater treatment facilities to
comply with the village planning and the villagers’ wish, avoiding conflict with land used
for other construction projects, at the same time, pay attention to saving of land use.
    ⑵ Under the permitted conditions, it is necessary to selecte the alternative with the
lowest operation expense.
    The survey has discovered: 70 surveyed persons expressed that they don’t wish
to undertake the project operation and maintenance expenses, accounting for 17.46%,
other 49 surveyed persons expressed that they need thingking over and temporalily did
not tell their opinion. These 2 part of surveyed persons account for 29.68% of the total
surveyed persons. It can be seen, that there is quite a number of the villagers who don’t
wish to undertake the project operation and maintenance expenses. Some villagers
have the reason of their understanding to the project and the household’s economic
reason, but according to investigation of the appraisal and survey group, part of persons
still worry about that control of the project operation and maintenance expenses will be
difficult, and they have difficulty to undertake these expenses.
    Regarding this point, the appraisal and survey working group has explained the
concrete content of operation and maintenance expenses in details, the villagers also
basically confirmed, but going from reducing the villagers’ economic burden and
improving the design, we propose: under the prcondition of scientific and reasonable
design alternative, and ensuring high-effective and sustained operation, design
alternative with low operation expenses should be selected.
    ⑶Rings of the project design alternative increasing influence to the surveyed
                                            81
persons
    The social social appraisal and survey discovered: implementation of this
project has relations with every household in the village. The indoor pipeline
modification or pipeline inbedding in the village, and the erection of the final treatment
facilities will inevitably interfere and influence to their production and life. If these
interfere and influence could obtain understanding ans support of the villagers in the
project-influenced areas, and if the projects could be successfully implemented, the 2
factors have close relation between each other. Selection of the design alternative
determines the scope and the influence level of the project. Therefore, the selected
design alternative should first obtain confirmation and support from villagers in the
project-influenced areas. During the site survey, part of the villagers already expressed
care for the project’ design alternative, and proposed their opinion about the pipeline
orientation, the treatment technology and other problems.
    Although the social appraisal and survey group has made unlimited efforts and
participation during organizing the questionnaire survey, most of villagers also
expressed their project to the project, and expressed their attitude to overcome various
influences of the project, but many contraditions emerge after occurance of concrete
problem. Therefore, we propose: after the design institution basically determned the
design alternative, it is necessary to prepare the construction contents, relevent
technology, exchange opinions with the villagers about the posible influence, further
listen to their opinion, and obtain thei confirmation.


9.2 Realization of relevent proposals
    Because ECIDI has at the same time undertaken task of the basic design of the
domestic wastewater treatment sub-project, the above-mentioned proposal obtained
relatively good materialization.
    ⑴ The project design and survey group and the social appraisal and survey group
of ECIDI together went to the project site and carried out the survey work. The 2 groups
coordinated and cooperated mutually. Aiming at the proposals brought forward by the
social appraisal and survey group, the project design and survey group earnestly
carried out understanding about the planning conditions in the village, the planned
projects and the villagers’ wish. At the same time, fctor of land use for the project
construction was fully considered during compartive selection of the project design
alternatives. In order to save the land use, design for some villages also considered

                                              82
alternative with relatively high investment, e.g. Zhaoan Village of Chalu Town of Ninghai,
the design alternatives considerd compartive selection 2 alternatives: integrative
equipment+land discharge (alternative I) and anaerobic +land treatment (alternative
II); alternative I needs investment of 1,070,000 yuan RMB, alternative II needs
investment of 640,000 yuan RMB, and the final treatment facilities occupy 8.1 mu of
land. After consideration of opinion of the villagers and the villagers’ committee,
considering saving of land use, alternative I with relatively high investment but less
occupied land was selected as the proposed alternative. Besides, during the compartive
selection of design alternatives, such consideration was also taken for the project in
Baikeng Village of Dayan Town of Fenghau.
    ⑵ During the compartive selection of design alternatives, factor of land use for the
project construction and operation and maintenance expenses were fully considered.
Under the conditions of no big difference in selection of alternatives, design alternative
with less land use and low operation and maintenance expenses was proposed, e.g.
Henglu Village of Lianglong Town of Yuyao City, Gaonang Village etc. selected the
proposed alternative with relatively low operation and maintenance expenses.
    ⑶ With gradual advancement of the project design, after preliminary completion of
the desig basic design for various villages, from the 2nd decade of march to end of
march 2009, the project design team of ECIDI travelled to relevent villages of various
counties (districts) for exchange of opinion with the local villagers and cadres about the
design alternatives, e.g. while collectiong opinion for the project in Baikeng Village of
Dayan Town of Fenghau City, the villagers put forward that location of the final
treatment facilities should consider land use for te future industrial construction; it is
necessary to avoid occupation of this land plot. The design team of ECIDI accepted this
opinion, and proposed the alternative confirmed by Baikeng Village.




                                            83
10 Identification and control of social risk
10.1 Identification of social risk
    According to features of the present social and economic status of the project area,
the social appraisal working group the social appraisal working group of ECIDI identified
the main social risk, which possibly will influence realization of the development
objective of the rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project. There are mainly the
following latent social risks, which may easily occur for this project:
    ⑴Risk due to low support of the villagers to the project construction
    The project construction is not only related to the sewage pipeline net and
construction of the wastewater treatment facilities, but also related to pipeline net
modification of every household. All these projects need support of the villagers. if there
is no strong support of the villagers to the project construction, construction of these
projects and effects of operation in future will be negatively influenced.
    ⑵ Risk due to weak collective economy of the village for undertaking operation
expenses of the system
    For the villages with weak collective economy and villages in water source
protection area, undertaking part of the project operation and maintenance expenses
will increase their economic burden. Currently, the collective economic income of
villages in water source protection area is highly limited. Currently these villages can
only undertake the expenses for relevent public facilites. Further undertaking operation
expenses for the wastewater treatment system has relatively high difficulty.
    ⑶Risk due to operation management of the project in later period
    The rural domestic wastewater treatment is the project of public benefit. The
objective of this project is not seeking for economic benefit. According to proposal of
World Bank, after the project putting into operation, the property right should be handed
over to the village, which will be responsible for its operation, maintenance and
management. For the sustained benefit of the project, operation & maintenance and
management works in later period is particularly important. According to requirements,
the project may face management and maintenance by non-professional personnel. If
the relevent expenses and technology cannot be solved effectively, the input of lots of
human resources and technology will not bring the due benefit, causig greate waste.
    ⑷Risk of realization the objective of the project due to bad life of the habitants
    The site survey has shown that currently water saving consciousness and the
environmental protection consciousness of part of the villagers is relatively weak, e.g.
                                             84
due to water using is free of charge. It can be often seen that the tape for water supply
is open for long period, and the tape water is flowing randomly. The village has good
garbage collection facilities, but the garbage is thrown away everywhere. These bad life
habitants will increase the sewage quantity and risk of pipeline bloking, and will bring
difficulty for the future operation and management work. At the same time, it is not in
favor the long-time and high-effective operation of the wastewater treatment facilities.
    The site survey has discovered that many villagers use water free of charge,
weaking consciousness of the villagers. It can be often seen that the tape for water
supply is open for long period, and the tape water is flowing randomly. At the same time,
quite a number of the villages have good garbage collection facilities, but gabage is
thrown away everywhere. It can be seen, that there is quite a number of the villagers
have relatively bad life habits, and their environment protection consciousness is very
weak. This will increase the sewage quantity and risk of pipeline blockage, and will
cause difficulty in future operation and management work. At the same time, it is not in
favor of the long-time and high-effective operation of the wastewater treatment facilities.
    ⑸Risk due to settlement of immigrants
    The project will inevitably cause permanent expropriation of land and temporary
land occupation, leading to definite influence to normal production for the influenced
colony. If the project cannot carry out good compesation and settlement of immigrants,
and the settlement expenses cannot be compensated in due time, or the settlement
measures are improper, social stability problem will be caused, thus influencing the
immigrants’ production and their life level, and causing contradiction for the project
construction.
10.2 Control of social risk
    After identification of the main social risk, it is also necessary to seek measures for
evading these social risks.
    In order to minimize the possible social risk, based on the site survey, and through
discussion with the main benefit-related organs, such as relevent government
departments, the project owners and the implementation organs, the social appraisal
working group of ECIDI put forward the measures for control of the risks including the
following:
    ⑴ The project-related information should be published to the village in the project
areas before other working procedure through distribution of brochure, show bill,
broadcasting, press conference ans other means, so that the villagers could understand

                                            85
the project-related information to the maximum extent, to know necessity of the project
and its benefit to the villagers, so that the villagers can actively support the project
construction.
     ⑵ Before the project construction, it is necessary to carry out procedure of selecting
the village area of the project according to the following standard to avoid the project’
entering into the village area, where support of the villagers to the project is too low. The
selection standards are as follows:
     A Minimum 80% of the households should agree to participate in the wastewater
treatment project of the village;
     B    In order to ensure sewage collection, minimum 80% of the habitants in the area
should agree with discharging the sewage into the pipeline net or carry out proper
outdoor treatment;
     C     The households can undertake indoor pipeline modification project with
compensation of expenses by the government;
     D The villagers committee must decide to take-over ownership of the wastewater
treatment system;
     E     The villagers committee must agree to carry out management of the
wastewater treatment system after handing-over ownership of the wastewater treatment
system, appoint the maintenance personnel, and be responsible for undertaking part of
operation and maintenance expenses.
     ⑶ The villagers committee must implement the indoor pipeline modification project
in unified way, or the villagers will implement the project by themselves, but the
modification alternative (including implementation method, construction conpany and
other contents) should be materialized before kicking-off the construction. The official
construction kick-off can only be started after the sub-projects of the indoor pipeline
modification alternative and the final treatment facilities confirmed by various counties
(districts).
      ⑷ Provide certain jobs and trade opportunity to the villagers during the project
implementation and increase the villagers’ income for promoting their support to the
project construction.
     ⑸ Regarding operation and maintenance expenses of the wastewater treatment
system, according to level of the collective economy of various villages, governments of
Ningbo City and various counties (districts) handle in different ways, i.e. decrease or
exempt part of operation and maintenance expenses of the wastewater treatment

                                             86
system; the required expenses can be undertaken by the government to support good
operation and maintenance of the wastewater treatment system.
    ⑹ The villagers committee should materialize and participate in employing relevent
personnel for operation and maintenance of the wastewater treatment system. The
contractor should be responsible for training the operation and maintenance personnel
earnestly during trial operation for 18 months of the project to ensure that the operation
and maintenance personnel could do the relevent work well after handing-over property
right of the system. Random change of personnel trained during the trial operation is not
allowed to ensure the constant personnel. Strengthen education of responsibility of the
participating personnel, and materialize responsibility for every work to the person.
Connect operation and maintenance state with examination and comparative
assessment. Establish and improve incentive system.
    ⑺ Office of sub-projects of various counties (districts) should strengthen the
environmental protection education for the villagers, increasing the villagers’
consciousness of the environmental protection. Supervise and urge the villagers to
spurn bad life habits. Popularize statutes on water-saving, circulated use of wastes, the
environmental protection etc.
    ⑻Earnestly do the project design work. Minimize the project-related expropriation of
land through design optimization. Use non-plowland and collective land to the maximum
extent for decreasing influence of expropriation of land to the villagers. Inevitable
permanent expropriation of land should strictly follow relevent policy of Ningbo City and
various counties (districts). Do compesation and settlement work well for the immigrants
ensuring not to decrease life level of the immigrants due to the project construction.
    The latent social risk and evadable measures are detailed in table 10.2-1.




                                            87
                      Detailed table of latent social risk and evadable measures of the rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project
              Table 10.2-1
                                                                                                                                          implementation
social risk                                                                evadable measures                                                                     participants
                                                                                                                                               time
                                    ⑴ The project-related information should be published to the village in the project areas bbefore
                                    other working procedure through distribution of brochure, show bill, broadcasting, press
                                    conference ans other means, so that the villagers could understand the project-related
                                    information to the maximum extent, to know necessity of the project and its benefit to the
                                                                                                                                              project        local government,
                                    villagers, so that the villagers can actively support the project construction.
                                                                                                                                           preparation            consulting
      risk of the project           ⑵ Before the project construction, it is necessary to carry out procedure of selecting the village
                                                                                                                                            phase and          institutiona and
    construction due to low         area of the project according to the following standard to avoid the project’ entering into the
                                                                                                                                              during           implementation
    support of the villagers        village area, where support of the villagers to the project is too low.
                                                                                                                                          construction of   organs and various
                                    ⑶ The official construction kick-off can only be started after the sub-projects of the indoor
                                                                                                                                            the project             villages
                                    pipeline modification alternative and the final treatment facilities confirmed by various counties
                                    (districts)
                                    ⑷ Provide certain jobs and trade opportunity to the villagers during the project implementation
                                    and increase the villagers’ income for promoting their support to the project construction.
risk due to weak collective
                                    Handle in different ways according to level of collective economy of various villages; for villages     the project      local government
economy of the villagse in
                                    with low collective income, adopt exemption or part exemption of operation and maintenance               operation      and implementation
undertaking    the  system
                                    expenses; the required expenses can be undertaken by the government, .                                    phase           realization organ
operation expense
                                    the villagers committees should materialize participation of relevant personnel in operation and
                                    maintenance of the wastewater treatment system; the contractor shall be responsible for                                 local government,
risk of the operation and                                                                                                                   the project
                                    training of the operation and maintenance personnel; the villages should ensure the constant                              implementation
management in later period of                                                                                                                operation
                                    personnel; materialize responsibility for every work to the person. Connect operation and                               organ, contractor,
the project                                                                                                                                   phase
                                    maintenance state with examination and comparative assessment. Establish and improve                                      various villages
                                    incentive system.
sustained risk due to bad                                                                                                                                   consulting institution,
                                    strengthen the environmental protection education for the villagers, increasing the villagers’
habits of the local villagers for                                                                                                           the whole          implementation
                                    consciousness of the environmental protection. Supervise and urge the villagers to spurn bad
realization of objective of the                                                                                                            project cycle     organ, contractor,
                                    life habits
project                                                                                                                                                        various villages
                                    Earnestly do the project design work. Minimize the project-related expropriation of land through         project
                                                                                                                                                            consulting institution,
                                    design optimization. Maxmize use of non-plowland and collective land to decrease influence of          preparation
risk   of      settlement      of                                                                                                                              implementation
                                    expropriation of land to the villagers; Inevitable permanent expropriation of land should strictly      phase and
immigrants                                                                                                                                                   organ, contractor,
                                    follow relevent policy of Ningbo City and various counties (districts). Do compesation and                during
                                                                                                                                                               various villages
                                    settlement work well for the immigrants ensuring not to decrease life level of the immigrants due     construction of

                                                                                        88
                                                                 implementation
social risk                                  evadable measures                    participants
                                                                      time
              to the project construction.                         the project




                                                       89
11 Participation of communities
      According to requirements of the memorandum of World Bank issued in January of
2009, aiming at the rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project, ECIDI compied
―Handbook of participation of communities in the new rural development projects of
Ningbo‖.
11.1 The basic principle and framework of participation
11.1.1 The basic principle of participation
      Participation of communities in this project should observe the following principles:
      ⑪ Exchange——fully listen to real idea of the villagers and carry out discuusion,
understand needs of the villagers and strive for reaching consistency;
      ⑫ Transparency——openly publisize information and its content, feed-back clearly
and consistently;
      ⑬ Cooperation——various beneficial colony should make greate effort in
cooperationand strive for seeking results of mutual benefit;
      ⑭ Contain——during understanding the project and in the whole process, various
beneficial colony think over t hrough change of their position;
      ⑮ Honesty——participation of communities should be carried out through mutual
respect and trust.
11.1.2 The basic framework of participation
      According to features of the rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project, the
social appraisal working group of ECIDI divided the project into 3 phases, i.e.
preparation phase, construction implementation phase and operation and management
phase in later period; sumed-up and prepared the basic framework of participation of
communities in the project for each phase. Details are shown in table 11.1-1.Error! Not a
valid link.




                                              90
                 The basic framwork table of participation of communities in the rural domestic wastewater treatment sub-project
    Table 11.1-1
                                                                                                                           behavior and role of
the project                                                                  behavior and role of government              consulting institutions,
              working content      behavior and role of communities                                                                                        actual effects
  phase                                                                                departments                     contractors or operation &
                                                                                                                         maintenance company
                                                                                                                       consulting          institution
                                  communities should coordinate with        determine list of villages to be
                                                                                                                       should carry out village          acquire the real
              determine list of   the consulting enterprises to           selected, carry out         the project
                                                                                                                       selection work according to       needs and opinion
               implementation     complete village selection work; put    popularization work;      at the same
                                                                                                                       requirements, and           the   of              the
               villages, design   forward own opinion according to        time, entrust consulting institution to
                                                                                                                       report on village selection       communities, help
preparation    alternative and    the obtained project information;       carry out the village selection work,
                                                                                                                       work, coordinate vith the         communities
  phase        make               coordinate       with    office   of    and according to results of the village
                                                                                                                       villagers committee and           understand sense
               construction       sub-projects of various counties        selection, after coordination with office
                                                                                                                       make               respective     and function of the
               site preparation   (districts)   to      complete   the    of the projects of Ningbo City,
                                                                                                                       modification               and    project; improve
               well               expropriation of land and relocation    determine name of the village included
                                                                                                                       improvement to the basic          the project design
                                  work                                    into the project construction list
                                                                                                                       design
                                   prepare        indoor       pipeline
                                  modification     alternative   under                                                contractor should in prior tell
                                                                                                                      communities      about     the
                                  assistance of office of sub-projects
                                  of various counties (districts), and                                                construction-related
                                  organize implementation indoor          organize the villagers prepare the          information in various forms;      ensure         fast,
                                  pipeline modification according to      indoor      pipeline       modification     after    completion       and      effective       and
                                  alternative confirmed by office of      construction alternative, and organize      acceptance         of      the     high-quality
implementat   the       project
                                  sub-projects of various counties        construction kick-off of the sewage         wastewater          treatment      putting the project
 ion phase    construction
                                  (districts), determine the system       pipeline and the final treatment            system, within 18 months of        into operation, and
                                  operation      and      management      facilities after confirmation of this       trial operation, carry out         really bring its
                                                                          alternative                                 respective     training     of     effects
                                  personnel participating in future
                                  system operation and management;                                                    personnel       for     future
                                  complete training by the contractor                                                 operation and management
                                                                                                                      work
                                  to master relevent 技术 technology




                                                                                  91
                                                                                                                          behavior and role of
the project                                                                  behavior and role of government             consulting institutions,
              working content      behavior and role of communities                                                                                   actual effects
  phase                                                                                departments                     contractors or operation &
                                                                                                                        maintenance company
                                  after    completion   of    training,     hand-over the property right of the
                                                                                                                                                    ensure successful,
                                  participate in      operation and       project, assist the villiges in determina   the wastewater treatment
operation                                                                                                                                           high-effective and
              the       project   maintenanc work of the wastewater       tion of operation and maintenance           system company should
    and                                                                                                                                             sustained
              operation    and    treatment system, coordinate with       company of the wastewater treatment         carry out operation and
manageme                                                                                                                                            operation of the
              management          operation     and      maintenance      system, and be responsible for              maintenance according to
 nt phase                                                                                                                                           project, and really
                                  company to do the relevent work         periodic supervision and inspection of      requirements
                                                                                                                                                    bring its effects
                                  well                                    the project
      role of the person                   decision executor                             guarantor                             supporter            unification of roles




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12 Conclusion and proposal
12.1 Conclusion
    The appraisal group thinks that the main social benefit of the project is materialized
in following:
    ⑪Implementation of the project will related to the environmental and sanitation
conditions of the rural area, promotion of health of the villagers, decreasing pollution
discharge of the local rivers, protection of drinking water quality of the water dource,
promoting sustained economic development.
    ⑫ Upgrade       the   farmers’ environmental       protection    consciousness   of   the
project-related areas, promoting environmental protection work in rural areas;
    ⑬Improve communication, water supply and present status of the wastewater
treatment facilities, satisfying economic development and increasing people’s life level,
increasing needs for infrastructure, promoting urbanization f the trial towns, improving
investment environment, and providing job opportunities.
    The latent social risks identified by the working group include the following:
    ⑪Risk due to low support of the villigers
    If there is no strong support of the villagers to the project, the project construction
and effects of its future operation in will be greatly influenced.
    ⑫Villages with very limited collective economic income currently can only maintain
or hardly maintain expenses for relevent public facilities. If these villages are required to
undertake operation expenses for the wastewater treatment system, the difficulty will be
greate.
    ⑬Risk due to future peration and management of the project
    The future operation and maintenance management work the rural domestic
wastewater treatment is especially important. If the relevent expenses and technology
cannot be solved effectively, the input of lots of human resources and technology will
not bring the due benefit, causig greate waste.
    ⑭Risk of realization the objective of the project due to bad life habitants
    ⑮Risk due to settlement of immigrants
    If the project cannot carry out good compesation and settlement of immigrants, it
will cause social stability problem, influencing the immigrants’ production and their life
level, and causing contradiction for the project construction.


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12.2 Proposal
    Aiming at the above social risks, the proposals put forward by apraisal working
group include the following:
    ⑪The project-related information should be published to the village in the project
areas before other working procedure through distribution of brochure, show bill,
broadcasting, press conference ans other means, so that the villagers could understand
the project-related information to the maximum extent, to know necessity of the project
and its benefit to the villagers, so that the villagers can actively support the project
construction;
    ⑫Before construction of the project, it is necessary to carry out villige selection
procedure to avoid entering of the village with low support of the villagers into the
project area;
    ⑬ The indoor pipeline modification alternative in various villages should be
materialized before kicking-off the sewage pipeline net and the final treatment facilities.
Construction of the pipeline modification in various villages can be started only after
confirmion by the office of sub-projects of various counties (districts);
    ⑭Provide certain jobs and trade opportunity to the villagers during the project
implementation and increase the villagers’ income for promoting their support to the
project construction;
    ⑮Regarding operation and maintenance expenses of the wastewater treatment
system, according to level of the collective economy of various villages, governments of
Ningbo City and various counties (districts) handle in different ways, i.e. decrease or
exempt part of operation and maintenance expenses of the wastewater treatment
system; the required expenses can be undertaken by the government to support good
operation and maintenance of the wastewater treatment system;
    ⑯The villagers committee should materialize and participate in employing relevent
personnel for operation and maintenance of the wastewater treatment system. The
contractor should be responsible for training the operation and maintenance personnel
earnestly during trial operation for 18 months of the project to ensure that the operation
and maintenance personnel could do the relevent work well after handing-over property
right of the system. Random change of personnel trained during the trial operation is not
allowed to ensure the constant personnel. Strengthen education of responsibility of the
participating personnel, and materialize responsibility for every work to the person.

                                             94
Connect operation and maintenance state with examination and comparative
assessment. Establish and improve incentive system;
    ⑰ Office of sub-projects of various counties (districts) should strengthen the
environmental protection education for the villagers, increasing the villagers’
consciousness of the environmental protection. Supervise and urge the villagers to
spurn bad life habits. Popularize statutes on water-saving, circulated use of wastes, the
environmental protection etc.;
    ⑱Optimize the project design work. Minimize the project-related expropriation of
lan. Maxmize use of non-plowland and collective land to decrease influence of
expropriation of land to the villagers. Do compesation and settlement work well for the
immigrants ensuring not to decrease life level of the immigrants due to the project
construction.




                                           95
Annex 1: Time schedule of social social appraisal work of Ningbo new village development project
        time            location                                                   working content

 08.11.27~08.12.23     Hangzhou         Establish working team, carry out planning and discuusion

 08.12.23~08.12.26       Ningbo         Going to 6 villages of Ningbo for preliminary survey

 08.12.27~09.1.6       Hangzhou         Prepare ―Outline for social appraisal‖

 09.1.7~09.1.12          Ningbo         Coordinate with work of the inspection delegation of World Bank, exchange working method and
                                        content
 09.1.12~09.2.8        Hangzhou         Revise ―Outline for social appraisal‖ and questionnaire, prepare site work alternative

 09.2.9~09.2.10      Ninghai County     Going to Huangtan Town and relevent villages of Chalu Town for survey

 09.2.11~09.2.12      Fenghau City      Going to relevent villages of Xikou Town and Dayan Town for survey

 09.2.16~09.2.18       Yuyao City       Going to relevent villages of Lianglong Town for survey

 09.2.18~09.2.19     Yinzhou District   Going to relevent villages of Zhangshui Town for survey
                       Xiangshan
 09.2.24~09.2.26                        Going to relevent villages of Maoyang Village and Dingtang Town for survey
                         County
                                      Going to Ninghai County, Fenghau City, Yuyao City, Yinzhou District, Xiangshan County and Jiangbei
 09.3.1~09.3.6       Related counties (districts)
                                       Districtfor collection of information
 09.3.7~09.3.31        Hangzhou         Summarizing information and write social appraisal report (version of preliminary appraisal)




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          Annex 2: detailed table of participants of discussion on the project of rural domestic wastewater
                                                                       treatment person
 Time          Location                                                            main participants of the discussion

09.2.9    Shuangfeng Office      Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Cao Feilong, Mao Genfu, Agricaultural office of Ninghai County: Chief Mr. Huan, vice-secretary Mr.
          of Huangtan Town       Huan of Huangtan Town, secretary Mr. Yu of secretary, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong, Wei Jun etc. of ECIDI.
09.2.9        Zhangliao          Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Agricaultural office of Ninghai County: Lu Jingli, head of Zhangliao Village Mr. Zhang
              Villageof          and about 25 villigers’ representative, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong, Wei Jun etc. of ECIDI.
           Huangtan Town
09.2.9     Zhubu Village of      Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Agricaultural office of Ninghai County: Lu Jingli, secretary Mr. He Anlu of Zhubu
           Huangtan Town         Village, village head Mr. Shi Caobiao etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong,Yu Xiaosong, Wei Jun of ECIDI etc.
09.2.9     Zhubu Village of      Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mr. Mao Genfu, Agricaultural office of Ninghai County Lu Jingli, about 25 villagers’representatives
           Huangtan Town         of Zhubu Village,Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI, Wei Jun etc.

09.2.10   Shanyang Village       Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Agricaultural office of Ninghai County Lu Jingli, Mr. Hu Yongbin of Chalu Village, head
           of Chalu Town         of Shanyang Village Hu Jiayu and the villagers’representative,Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of t ECIDI.

09.2.10   Zhaoan Village of      Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Agricaultural office of Ninghai County Lu Jingli, Mr. Hu Yongbin of Chalu Village,
            Chalu Town           secretary of Zhaoan Village Wang Seshuan and the villagers’representative,Wang Yinglong and Yu Xiaosonthe of ECIDI.
09.2.11    Gezhu Village of      Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Zhou Jianfei, Cao Feilong, Agricaultural office of Fenghau City Li Miaopo, alcalde of Xikou Town,
             Xikou Town          Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.
09.2.11   Xi Village of Xikou    Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, section chief of Xikou Town Mr. Mao, secretary of Mingxi Villave Xu Xingming, alcalde
                  Town           Shan Xiaokangvillage head etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of t ECIDI, Wei Jun etc.

09.2.11   Mingxi Village of of   Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, section head of Xikou Town Mr. Mao, about 25 villagers’representatives of Mingxi
             Xikou Town          Villave,Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.

09.2.12   Baikeng Village of     Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, vice-alcalde of Dayan Town Mr. Lin, secretary Wang Xiaohua of Baikeng Village etc.
            Dayan Town           team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.
09.2.12    Nangxi Village of     Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, vice-alcalde of Dayan Town Mr. Lin, about 25 villagers’representatives of Baikeng
             Dayan Town          Village,Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.
09.2.12    Nangxi Village of     Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, vice-alcalde of Dayan Town Mr. Lin, secretary of Nangxi Village Dong Chunfan, village
             Dayan Town          head Dong Jiazhong etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of t ECIDI etc.

09.2.12    Nangxi Village of     Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, vice-alcalde of Dayan Town Mr. Lin, about 20 villagers’representatives of Nangxi
             Dayan Town          Village,Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.



                                                                                   97
 Time          Location                                                          main participants of the discussion

09.2.16    Government of       Chief of Agricaultural office of Yuyao City Mr. Zhao and Renlin, vice-alcalde Mr. Zhou of Lianglong Tow, Chief of Urban Construction
           Lianglong Town      Office Mr. Tang, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of t ECIDI, Wei Jun etc.
09.2.16   Dongxi Village of    Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Zhou Jianfei Ningbo etc., Agricaultural office of Yuyao City Mr. Ren Lin, vice-alcalde of Lianglong
          Lianglong Town       Town Mr. Zhou, secretary of Dongxi Village Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI, Wei Jun etc.
09.2.16   Dongxi Village of    Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, secretary of Dongxi Village Wang Yinglong, and about 20
          Lianglong Town       villagers’representatives,Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI, Wei Jun etc.
09.2.16   Henglu Village of    Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Lianglong Town Mr. Tang, secretary of Henglu
          Lianglong Town       Village Wang Xinchuan etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.

09.2.16   Henglu Village of    Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Lianglong Town Mr. Tang, about 25
          Lianglong Town       villagers’representatives of Henglu Village,Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc

09.2.17    Gaonang Village     Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Lianglong Town Mr. Tang, secretary of Gaonang
          of Lianglong Town    Village Hang Wenhua, village head Fang Yongfu etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.
09.2.17    Gaonang Village     Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Lianglong Town Mr. Tang, about 20
          of Lianglong Town    villagers’representatives of Gaonang Village,Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.

09.2.17    Yaxian Village of   Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Lianglong Town Mr. Tang, village head of Yaxian
           Lianglong Town      Village Fang Gengda etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.
09.2.18    Hexi Village of     Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Lianglong Town Mr. Tang, secretary of Hexi
           Lianglong Town      Village Chen Yongli, village head Zhang Wenjie etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.

09.2.18    Hexi Village of     Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Lianglong Town Mr. Tang, about 25
           Lianglong Town      villagers’representatives of Hexi Village,Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.
09.2.19    Duao Village of     Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Zhangshui Town, secretary of Duao village Xu
           Zhangshui Town      Guolai, village head Yang Shanyao etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.

09.2.19    Dajiao Village of   Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Zhangshui Town, head of Dajia Village Yang Qifu
           Zhangshui Town      etc. and 3 villagers’representatives, Wang Yinglong of ECIDI

09.2.19   Meilong Village of   Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Zhangshui Town, secretary of Meilong Village
          Zhangshui Town       Gong Yongliang etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.
09.2.20     Lijia Village of   Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, Chief of Urban Construction Office of Zhangshui Town, secretary of Lijiaken Village Li
           Zhangshui Town      Xinghe, head of village Lu Ruiqing etc. team of leaders, Wang Yinglong, Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI etc.
09.2.24   Nangchong Village    Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Zhou Jianfei, Cao Feilong, Chief of Agricaultural office of Xiangshan City, vice-head of Maoyang
          of Maoyang Town      Village Mr. Hu, Yu Xiaosong etc. of ECIDI



                                                                                 98
 Time         Location                                                        main participants of the discussion

09.2.24   Nangchong Village   Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, secretary of Nangchong Village Zhou Xincai, village head Zheng Zhengcai and about
          of Maoyang Town     15 villagers’representatives, Yu Xiaosong etc. of ECIDI

09.2.25   Jiaoheng Village    Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Zhou Jianfei, section chief of Agricaultural office of Xiangshan City Mr. Shen, vice-alcalde of
          of Dingtang Town    Dingtang Town Mr. Lin, secretary of Jiaohen Village Zhang Lincai and about 10 villagers’representatives, Yu Xiaosong etc. of ECIDI

09.2.25   Yekoushan Village   Agricaultural office of Ningbo City: Mao Genfu, secretary of Yekoushan Village Chen Yongding, village head Wang Xingyue etc. team
          of Dingtang Town    of leaders, Yu Xiaosong etc. of ECIDI




                                                                               99
Annex 3: Protocol of typical discussion
     Typical discussion I
     Time of discussion: morning of Feb. 16, 2009
     Location of discussion: meeting room on 2nd floor in government of Lianglong
Town of Yuyao City.
     Paticipants of discussion: vice-chief of Agricaultural Office of Yuyao City Mr.
Zhao, Ren Lin, vice-alcalde of Lianglong Town Mr. Zhou, Chief of Urban Construction
Office Mr. Tang, Yu Xiaosong, Xu Gaojing, Jiang Bo, Qiu Wei, Chen Guofeng etc.
Wang Yinglong and Yu Xiaosongof ECIDI
     Main content of discussion:
     Wang Yinglong of ECIDI: the main purpose of this visit to Lianglong Town is the
site survey of the rural domestic wastewater treatment project, aiming at the relevent
requirements of the experts’ delegation of World Bank, carry out relevent survey work
on site. This project is a project with loan from World Bank. Compared with domestic
projects of the same type, there are some differences in respect of management,
design alternative and implementation etc. This has put forward new requirements for
our institute, government at all levels and implementation departments. Taking tis
opportunity, we would like to hear proposals, idea of the leaders and requirements for
work of our design institute; (comrade Yu Xiaosong of ECIDI made introduction to of
origin of the project, some requirements of World Bank for the project in respect of
the project village selection, the concrete content and objective of the work carried
out by the social appraisal work, as well as the relevent work to be coordinated with
te local authorities etc.).
     Vice-chief of Agricaultural Office of Yuyao City Mr. Zhao:
     The project has important sense for the local government and village. It is higly
necessary and unusual project. Ningbo City’s government has given relatively great
help to the local government in respet of capital and technology. Viewing from reply
of the public, the wish is very strong. But on the other hand, we still have some
worries. This project is a project with loan from World Bank. Project with loan from
World Bank has relatively high requirements for the pre-project work, and the final
feasibility should be decided through appraisal. Therefore, we should say that the
project has some uncertain factors. We worry about that the project might be
thoroughly given-up due to negation in appraisal of World Bank. We wish, even if


                                           100
loan from World Bank would not be received, we should surely strive through other
financing channels to implement the project. On the other hand, a lot of survey work
have been carried out in the pre-project period, the town government also has done a
lot of coordination work; after this, the project was not implemented that will bring
negative influence to work of the local government. Besides, we sincerely wish that
the design institution could do more survey works, so that the design alternative
could comply with the local conditions, could be economidally reasonable and could
bring actual effects.
    Besides, implementation of the first lot of the projects in villages will be
immediately implemented after the project passed the appraisal. Therefore, Office of
the Projects of Ningbo City is required to organize training and investigation as soon
as possible, relevent policy and management methods should also be enacted. We
will do all our efforts to realize the project well to bring benefit to the local pub
    Vice-alcalde of Lianglong Town Mr. Zhou: wish the design institute to propose a
good design lternative, and pay attention to working style and method during the site
work to avoid unnecessary contradiction.
    Tipical discussion II
    Time of discussion: morning of Feb. 19, 2009
    Location of discussion: meeting room on 2nd floor in Dajia Village of Zhangshui
Town of Yinzhou District
    Paticipants of discussion: Mao Genfu of Agricaultural office of Ningbo City, Chief
of Urban Construction Office of Zhangshui Town Mr. Shen, village head of Dajia
Village Yang Qifu etc., team of leaders and 3 the villagers’ representative, Yu
Xiaosong, Jiang Bo, Qiu Wei etc. of ECIDIWang Yinglong.
    Main content of discussion:
    Firstly, Mao Genfu of Agricaultural office of Ningbo City made introduction to
purpose of the site survey carried out by ECIDI.

    Next, ECIDI made introduction to World Bank’s requirements for the projec
village selection, content and sense of work of the social appraisal, explained the
work to the cadres and the villagers’ representatives about the work to be done by
them after materialization of the project into their village, and again explained the
purpose of the site survey work in details. Jiang Bo of ECIDI made introduction to the
domestic wastewater treatment problem              currently existing in villages of China


                                             101
(focusing on Ningbo City and villages, for which survey was completed), and
explained the necessity and function of the rural domestic wastewater treatment. At
the same time, he also made introduction to the treatment methods and expirence of
treatment adopted for similar project both at home and abroad, as well as some
treatment methods to be used for this project, measures to be taken, and possible
influence to normal life of the villagers, wishing that the villagers could have deeper
understanding to the project, and welcoming the villagers to put forward their
valuable opinion and proposal.
    The village head Yang Qifu said: this project is an opportunity for his village.
Although its implementation will surely have certain difficulty, cadres of his village will
make all efforts to do relevent work, ensuring successful implementation of the
project in Dajia Village; leaders of the town government and the superintendent
government don’t need to worry; we have done some works to the public; today the
villagers’ representative are also present here, you can hear their opinion.
    The villagers’ representative said: leaders of the town and the village cadres
made introduction to the project a few days ago. We, the villagers are pleased to
hear the detailed explaination of leaders of Ningbo City and experts of ECIDI. After
this introduction, we sincerely wish that the project could be materialized in our
village. We will do our cooperation for successful implementation of the project, and
don’t cause trouble to the government and relevent project-related institutions. In
overall, the environment in our village is good, but the domestic wastewater causes
some influences for our life, because there is no wastewater collection and treatment.
This influence is particularly obvious in summer. Therefore, we have high expectation
to this project. Regarding the requirements for our operation and maintenance
management work in the future, we ensure that we will do this work well according to
the requirements. However, if the villagers are required to undertake operation and
maintenance expenses, it will cause relatively big difficulty. We are located at the
upperstream of the Jiaokou reservoir, which belogs to ecologic protection area. The
government may have relatively strict limitation to the industry that may cause
ecologic influence. Therefore, our development speed and development conditions
cannot be compared with other plain areas and non-ecologic protection areas. The



                                            102
current economic level of our area is relatively low, and the collective and the
villagers’ economic income is highly limited. If we are required to undertake operation
and maintenance expenses, it will cause relatively big difficulty. We wish that the
superintendent government and relevan departments could consider this point.




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