# Mu

Document Sample

```					MATTER UNIFIED
For you really interested in how matter works :
 Basic understanding of physical concepts
 How electromagnetism works
 Understanding of the gravitation process
 Understanding of nature of light
 How mass of elementary particles is created
 And much, much more

explain and describe
 E=mc2 with start from Newton’s laws
 Basic properties of vacuum space, 1/ has the
dimension of kg/cubic meter
 Electromagnetism
 Maxwell’s equations
 The quantum process of the atom
 All quantum formulae, the Shrödinger equation
 The atomic periodic system
 The process of gravitation, the gravity constant
G calculated
 The basic nature of light
 Calculation of el. particle masses
 A new dimensional analysis
 A brief critical analysis of Einstein’s theory of
relativity

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PREFACE
1. INTRUDUCTION
   Introductory discussion
   The new theory in brief
   Space and matter
   The Universe tree of matter
   Introduction of basic concepts
   The concept of matter
   The concept of distance
   The concept of time
   The concept of velocity
   The concept of acceleration
   The concept of force
   The concept of collision
   Mathematical analysis of the concept of force
   Deriving Newton's second law of force
   Simplified results of Newton’s second law of
force
   The concept of Energy
   The concept of Kinetic Energy
   The concept of Potential Energy
   The concept of Momentum
   Mass,Impulse and Energy Preserving Laws
   Impact between mass bodies
   The concept of Surface, Area
   The concept of Volume
   The concept of Mass Density
   The concept of pressure
   The concept of Power
   The concept of Force momentum (F x L)
   The concept of Impulse momentum (m.v)
   The concept of Mass Momentum (m.v.L)
   The concept of Frequency
   The concept of Wavelength
   The concept of Angular Frequency
   Revolving movements
   Laws of Flowing Matter
   Some Vector Notations used in the theory
   The concept of Temperature

2. SPACE AND MATTER
Properties of vacuum space and particles are
derived and defined
   THE SPACE introductory discussion
   Creation of new matter
   Interaction between particle and space
   The PSEUDO MASS DENSITY of the VACUUM FIELD
   The PSEUDO MASS VELOCITY of the VACUUM FIELD
   The PSEUDO MASS VACUUM FIELD PRESSURE
   The PSEUDO MASS VACUUM FIELD ENERGY DENSITY
   The Particle internal PRESSURE
   The flow process between particle and field
   Defining the REFERNECE MASS PARTICLE (the
electron)
   Defining PARTICLE PARAMETERS, AREA, VOLUME
and TIME

   The MASS INCREASE phenomenon
   Deriving E=m.c2 with start from Newton's laws
   BALL AND WALL, falsifying the relativity
concept
   Constant internal impulse in particle, me.c =
m.vi
   Time, distance. Velocity experiments
   Mass increase of rocket in free space

3. ELECTROMAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATTER
All formulae in electromagnetism is derived with
start from Newton’s famous laws
   In General
   VACUUM or "EMPTY SPACE"
   Basic rules of INTERACTION between PARTICLE
AND VACUUM FIELD
   Equilibrium between external and internal forces
   Equilibrium in energy density of particle and field
   Equilibrium in impulse inflow and outflow
   Flow of matter between particle and vacuum space
   Vacuum field pressure on a closed surface
   Internal pressure of a particle
   Equality between external and internal forces
   Particle mass density
   The vacuum mass density
   The output mass field density from a particle
   The vacuum field velocity as function of electron particle
properties
   The vacuum space density
   Parameters of area, volume , time and spatial radii of common
point particles
   The vacuum field velocity
   The vacuum field mass density
   DERIVING COLOUMB'S LAW OF THE ELECTRIC
FORCE
   The derived Coulomb’s law of electric force
   The electric field mass density in a point on distance r from a
particle source
   The electric field strength on distance r from the particle
center
   The Vacuum Field Density (1/)
   The Vacuum Field Velocity
   The Vacuum Field Pressure
   Relation between spin velocity and spatial radius of point
formed particles
   Relationship between spin velocity and radii of point formed
particles
   Spin velocity for all true point formed particles by reference of
electron parameters
   THE ELECTRIC FIELD STRENGTH AROUND A
CHARGED PARTICLE
   Electric field strength as defined by common theory
   Electric field strength as defined by our theory
   Calculating the stored energy in a plane, electric capacitor
   The energy in a charged electric capacitor
   The vacuum mass enclosed in a plane parallel capacitor
   Stored energy in an electric capacitor as defined by common
electromagnetic theory
   Definition of electric voltage
   The electric voltage over a plane parallel capacitor
   Voltage over a plane parallel capacitor in by common theory
   Definition of electric current
   two ways to defining electric current
   Definition of electric resistance and impedance
   The vacuum zero impedance
   The concept of capacitance of an electric capacitor
   THE MAGNETIC FIELD AND ITS PHYSICAL
CONSEQUENCES
   The electric field mass density in a point outside the conductor
segment
   The electric field strength in a point outside a conductor
   The sinusoidal theorem applied on the magnetic field vector
   Our definition of the magnetic flux density B
   Deriving Biot-Savart's law of the magnetic field
   Relationship between electrical and magnetic constants
   MAGNETIC INDUCTION
   The voltage induced when a B-field change as accord with time
   The induced voltage in a conductor when accelerated in a constant
magnetic field
   Magnetic flux and the inductance concept
   Induced voltage in a conductor defined by the magnetic flux
parameter
   The inductance concept
   Force on a conductor in a constant magnetic field
   Hence, for the stored energy in a magnetic field
   The magnetic force between two stright parallel conductor pairs.
   The force developed between poles in a magnetic air gap
   Determining the electromagnetic parameters of Ka, Kv and Kt
   Determining K-constants for exact correlation between our
electromagnetic theory and common theory
   DERIVING MAXWELL'S EQUATIONS OF THE
ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD
   A collection of Maxwell’s most known equations
   Deriving these equations from our theory
   The general wave equation
   Deriving the common wave equation, STEP 1
   Deriving the common wave equation, STEP 2
   Deriving the common wave equation, STEP3
   The elasticity module if the source is a particle source
   The equivalent "elasticity module" when the source is a particle
source
   Deriving the common wave equation, STEP 4
   Deriving the common wave equation, STEP 5
   Expressing the elasticity module for the energy transport medium
   The general wave equation
   LIGHT AND "ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES"
   Comparison between the common wave equation and the light
propagation equation in accord with Maxwell’s theory
   Conclusion of discrepancy between Michelson’s experiment and
Maxwell’s electromagnetic theory

4A. ATOMIC THEORY
A new model of the atom explain the quantum behaviour of matter
   The quantum atom, a new theory
   Some historical facts
   THE NEW THEORY
   The atomic core
   The orbiting electron round the atomic core
   Electrostatic Coulomb force
   The orbital particle inertial force
   Neutrons in the atomic core
   Mass density of a point particles
   Polarizing of electric fields
   The principle behind the quantum process
   The oscillating proton
   Definition of system variables
   Coulomb's law
   The kinetic energy of the orbiting electron
   The potential energy of the orbiting electron
   The total energy of the orbiting electron
   Mass density of elementary particles
   Polarized electric force
   Relation radius/mass of a po
   The torsion force applied on the proton in the atomic core
   The inertial torsion force applied on the proton in the atomic core
   Equality between torsion forces and inertial forces in each time
moment
   Equality between torsion forces and inertial forces in each time
moment
   The oscillating proton
   Defining the atomic fine structure constant
   The total energy in the atomic system
   The energy difference between two energy levels
   Calculating Planck's constant, h
   Bohr’s quantum mechanical condition
   Calculating Rydberg's constant
   Calculating the minimum energy quantum
   Calculating of the orbital radius and the orbital velocity
   Shrödinger's wave equation
   Deriving the Shrödinger wave-equation for the atom
   Some conclusions, common discussion
   The u-meson atom
   The Bohr “magneton”
   The Bohr magnetron calculated
   Artificial atoms
   Frequency of the orbiting particle in an artificial atom trap
   Frequency of the orbiting particle in an artificial atom trap
   The magnetic force on the orbiting particle in the atomic trap
   The centrifugal force on the orbiting particle in the atomic trap
   The orbiting frequency of the particle in the atomic trap

4B. A NEW MODEL FOR THE ATOMIC CORE
A new model of the atomic core explain the
periodical system on chemical level of matter
 FORCES IN NATURE
 A NEW MODEL FOR THE ATOMIC CORE
 The strong force
 SOME LNOWN FACTS
 Deriving the strong force
 2 proton revolving each other
 The proton
 Calculating the proton and the neutron
 Deriving an oscillating equation for the proton's oscillating n mass
 Relationship between the particle radii and the particle
 The pressure on the particle surface in compressed or expanded
state
 Relation between mass and particle radius of a point formed
particle
 The complete differential equation creating the proton particle
mass
 The proton (or other particle's) mass as function of a quantum
number, n.
 Combining 2 protons
 The neutron
 The charge distribution inside and outside a neutron
 Calculation on the proton
 A 1/2 alpha particle
 The alpha particle
 The atoms periodical system
 Our model of the core
 Periodical atomic table
 Our atomic core model
 Our atomic model associated to the periodic system
 Some conclusions

5. The nature of light
An objective analysis of light properties is
performed, showing that light is neutral
particles stream having nothing in common with
electromagnetism
     Introductory discussion
     Statistical measurements done of light velocity
     Some historical facts
     Strategy for an analysis of light
     Some definitions
     Light as ballistic particles
     Light in the Ritz case
     Ether theories
     Einstein's light postulate
     Light and its behaviour towards a mirror surface
     Light velocity analysis in the Ballistic case
     Conclusions Ballistic case, some examples
     Light velocity analysis in the Ritz case
     Conclusions Ritz case, some examples
     Light velocity analysis in the Ether case
     Conclusions Ether case, some examples
     Light analysis in the Einstein case
   Conclusions Einstein case, some examples
   SUMMARY OF LIGHT VELOCITY ANALYSIS IN A
MIRROR SYSTEM
   Other properties of light
   Light frequency parameters
   Light wavelength parameters
   Light frequency/wavelength analysis in the Ballistic case
   Frequency, wavelength, some conclusions, the Ballistic theory
   Light frequency/wavelength analysis in the Ritz case
   Frequency, wavelength, some conclusions, the Ritz theory
   Light frequency/wavelength in the ETHER case
   Frequency, wavelength, Ether theory
   Light frequency/wavelength in the Einstein case
   SUMMARY OF LIGHT FREQUENCY ANALYSIS IN A
MIRROR SYSTEM
   Summation of light/wavelength analysis for a mirror system
   The closed room mystery
   The closed room mystery in
   The closed room mystery in Ritz’s theory
   The closed room mystery in Ether theory
   The closed room mystery in Einstein theory
   Conclusions of the closed room mystery
   Michelson & Morley’s light ether experiment
   M-M’s experiment in The Ether theory
   M-M’s experiment in Einstein’s theory
   M-M’s experiment in The Ballistic and Ritz case
   Conclusions Michelson & Morley's light experiment
   Light as a "wave of matter"
   Light and Einstein’s theories
   The light bubble experiment
   The light bubble and Einstein's theory
   The light bubble and the Ether theory
   The light bubble and Ritz/Ballistic theory
   Aberration of start light
   Light deviation at the sun surface
   Gravitational red/blue shift of light
   The frequency shift of a photon traveling in a gravitation field
   Red/blue shift from moving light sources
   A BRIEF SUMMARY REGARDING THE LIGHT DOPPLER
EFFECT
   Red/blue shift of light from distance galaxies
   De Sitter's argument regarding light from double stars
   A small calculation on a system of double stars
   De Sagnac’s experiment
   Compton's experiment with X-rays
   Estimation of mass of a unit photon
   Measurement of light velocity
   Measurement of light velocity by satellites
   Wallace Kantor's book
   Light from particles accelerated in particle accelerators
   Light not of electromagnetic nature but a stream of neutral
particles
   Official electromagnetic spectra
6. Einstein's theory of relativity
A brief analysis of Einstein’s theory, the
special theory, is performed, showing that this
theory is fundamentally wrong
   EINSTEIN'S THEORY OF RELATIVITY
A BRIEF ANALYSIS
   AND WHAT CONTAIN THE THEORY ?
   HISTORY IN BRIEF
   A BRIEF EXAMINATION OF THESIS AND RESULTS
   IME DILATION
   ATOMIC WATCHES
   LENGTH CONTRACTION
   SIMULTANEITY
   FIXATION OF LIMITS OF VELOCITY
   MASS INCREASE
   THE DOPPLER EFFECT
   EINSTEIN'S GRAVITATION
   EINSTEINs RELATIVITETSTEORI
   OCH VAD INNEHÅLLER TEORIN ?
   TEORIN I KORTHET
   EN KORTFATTAD ANALYS AV TEORIN
   TIDSDILATIONEN
   ATOMKLOCKOR
   LÄNGDKONTRAKTION
   SAMTIDIGHET
   BEGRÄNSNING AV HASTIGHETER
   MASSÖKNING
   LJUSETS DOPPLEREFFEKT
   EINSTEINS GRAVITATION
   IN THE HEAD OF A CONVINCED RELATIVIST
   A discussion between a convinced relativist an a free thinking
person
   LENGTHS CONTRACTION
   THE LIGHT DOPPLER EFFECT
   MEASUREMENT OF LIGHT VELOCITY
   I HUVUDET PÅ EN RELATIVIST
   Ett samtal mellan en hjärntvättad relativist och en fritt tänkande
person
   LÄNGDKONTRAKTION
   DOPPLEREFFEKTEN
   MÄTNING AV LJUSHASTIGHETEN

7. ON GRAVITY
The gravity process is explained in terms of an
inflow process of matter from vacuum space into
particles. The rate of this inflow is the Hubnle
constant and the driving force is the thermal
background radiation in space. The G-constant is
in this way derived
   Introductory discussion
   Newton's original formula for the gravity force
   The electrostatic force between 2 electrons on the mutual distance
D
   The force between two electrons by the gravity force on the mutual
distance of D
   The relationship between the electromagnetic force and the gravity
force
   THE NEW THEORY
   In Stefan Boltzman's law temperature
   Some physical factors involved in the gravity process
   The mechanical power from an inflow of matter dm, during time
dt, with velocity v
   Solving out the thermal mass field density
   Change of mass is in direct proportion with time.
   The "rate" R of inflow matter per time unit
   The inflow mass towards the area of a proton
   The gravity field inflow velocity to a particle of matter
   The mass inflow during time t, to an arbitrary mass body
   The gravity mass inflow density at the centre of a mass body
   The gravity field mass density on distance D
   The inflow negative mass as measured at point on distance D
   The gravity force as calculated from our theory
   The gravity constant G', as calculated by out gravity theory
   The gravity interacting area of a proton, is the total area of that
particle
   The relationship between a singular particle's radius and its
inherent content mass
   The gravity constant expressed in a concentrated analytical form
   The Cosmic red shift from distant galaxies
   Frequency shift of a light beam traveling long distances without
interacting with matter
   The frequency shift caused by the light slowing down effect
   The frequency shift of light traveling long distances through empty
space
   The modern gravity research
   Calculated values of "The Planck's constants" in modern theory
   The gravity force is not a mass force

8A. Elementary particles
A new theory for elementary particles where all
basic masses are calculated. The theory show that
there exist no quarks, gluons and many other pure
hypothetical particle forms
   Common background
   Fractional charges
   Colours of quarks
   Inflation in new concepts and new hypothetical particles
   Intermediation force particles, gluons
   Postulating the number of existing quark forms
   In New Scientist 5th of May 1988
   PARTICLE EXPLOSION
   A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF HOW FORCES ARE CREATED
PHY
   Electromagnetic forces
   The strong force
   The force of gravity
   The weak force
   Hyper weak force
   Mass inertial forces
   HOW ESTABLISHED THEORY DESCRIBE THESE FORCES
OF NATURE
   No free quarks found
   Can quarks be created in the laboratory ?
   THE NEW THEORY
   A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF BASIC PRINCIPLES AND
CONCEPTS
   The muon spectrum
   The K-meson spectrum
   The proton spectrum
   The Tau particle spectra
   Higher up spectra
   MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS
   The new particle theory
   Creation of singular particles
   The formula for calculating mass of point particles
   References to particles known by measurements

8B. The complex particle forms
These particle forms which not are pure basic
particles for instance neutral uncharged partices
   Introduction
   Mathematical analysis
   Calculus of particle masses
   Some calculated masses
   Some conclusions
   From New Scientist 26 November 1987 we can read the following
8C. Other properties of elementary particles
Special properties of elementary particles
   Magnetic momentum
   Spatial dimensions
   Magnetic momentum
   The Bohr magneton
   The proton's magnetic momentum
   Magnetic momentum of proton as calculated from our formula
   The -on's magnetic momentum
   The magnetic momentum of mu-on as calculated from our
formula
   The -on magnetic momentum as got from experiment
   The electron's magnetic momentum
   The magnetic momentum of electron as calculated from out
model
   The magnetic momentum of electron as measured from
experiment
   The neutron’s magnetic momentum
   The magnetic momentum of the neutron
   The electron radius derived from the vacuum mass
   The electron radius calculated from start of elementary charge
   The proton radius as function of the gravity constant
   The proton radius based on the atom's quantum mechanics
   Proton radius from the nucleus core
   THE EXPERIMENT
   Our own analysis of the experiment above
   The shape of the electron
   Annihilation of electrons
   Energy needed for creating an electron and a positron from a
single photon

9. Dimensional analysis
The    theory show that it is possible to express
all    physical constants in terms of Mass, Length
and    Time. There is no other theory which today
can    do that, that because the electrical units
are    defined outside this unit system.
   Initial discussion
   Force/length unit between 2 parallel wires on mutual distance 1
meter
   Coulomb's law defined not by not using the electric charge concept
   Table of dimensional analysis of physical relationships
   Example of using the dimensional table
   Physical constants
EPILOGUE
REFERENCES of FREE THINKERS
Running computer programs associated to this book
A set of help program written in Turbo Pascal.
They may be rewritten to C or C++ later,
   Program Neutron
   Program Twinstar.pas
   Program "Gravity"
   Program PCOMPLEX