; A CALL TO ARMS
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A CALL TO ARMS

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 3

  • pg 1
									COLONIAL LEADERS EMERGE

ATTENDING:

        FROM 1ST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS:

              JOHN ADAMS, SAMUEL ADAMS, PATRICK HENRY, RICHARD HENRY LEE, AND
           GEORGE WASHINGTON

        NEW ATTENDEES

       JOHN HANCOCK
        *MASSACHUSETTS
        *38 YEARS OLD
        *WEALTHY MERCHANTS
        “FUNDED SONS OF LIBERTY
        *CHOSEN AS PRESIDENT OF THE 2ND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS

*       BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
        *ACCOMPLISHED & RESPECTED
        *INFLUENTIAL MEMBER OF PENNSYLVAINA LEGISLATURE
        *REPRESENTED THE COLONIES IN LONDON & HELPED TO REPEAL THE STAMP ACT

*       THOMAS JEFFERSON
        * 32
        *BRILLIANT THINKER AND WRITER
        *MEMBER OF VIRGINIA HOUSE OF BURGESSES
        *ASSOCIATED WITH MOVEMENT TOWARD INDEPENDENCE

2ND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS DUTIES
       *GOVERN COLONIES
       *PRINTING OF MONEY
       *SET UP A POST OFFICE WITH FRANKLIN IN CHARGE
       *ESTABLISHED COMMITTESS TO COMMUNICATE WITH NATIVE AMERICANS & OTHER
       COUNTRIES
       *CREATED A CONTINENTAL ARMY ( MORE ORGANIZED THAN COLONIAL MILITIAS
       *CHOSE GEORGE WASHINGTON AS THE ARMY’S COMMANDER
       *OLIVE BRANCH PETITION: OFFERED BRITAIN ONE LAST CHANCE TO AVOID ALL-OUT
              COLONISTS DESIRE FOR PEACE
              KING REFUSED TO RECEIVE THE OLIVE BRANCH PETITION –HE PREPARED FOR WAR

COLONIES TAKE THE OFFENSIVE
      *ATTACKED MONTREAL, CANADA – BEFORE THE BRITISH COULD ATTACK AS THEY PLANNED
      *BENEDICT ARNOLD FAILED TO CAPTURE QUEBEC, CANADA
      *WASHINGTON ARRIVED IN BOSTON AFTER BUNKER HILL SAW THAT HE NEEDED TO SHAPE-UP
      THE CIVILIAN MILITIAS INTO AN ARMY
      *MARCH 1776 WASHINGTON THOUGHT THEY WERE READY
              *SEMICIRCLE AROUND BOSTON AND BOMBED THE BRITISH FORCES
              *SIR WILLIAM HOWE WITHDREW FROM THE CITY AND BOARDED SHIPS AND SAILED TO
              HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA (CANADA)

       MOVING TOWARD INDEPENDENCE
       *COMMON SENSE:
            *THOMAS PAIN
            *JANUARY 1778
            *CALLED FOR COMPLETE INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN—STOP FOLLOWING THE
            “ROYAL BRUTE”
            *STRUGGGLE FOR FREEDOM NOT JUST OVER TAXES
            *INSPIRED THOUSANDS OF AMERICANS

COLONIES DECLARE INDEPENDENCE
         *DEBATE- SHOULD THEY DECLARE INDEPENDENCE OR STAY UNDER BRITISH RULE
         *NORTH CAROLINA - APRIL 1776 INSTRUCTED ITS DELEGATES TO SUPPORT INDEPENDENCE
         *VIRGINIA – HENRY LEE PROPOSED—UNITED COLONIES FREE INDEPENDENT STATE-POLITICAL
         CONNECTION WITH BRITIAN DISSOLVED
         *FEARS: GREAT BRITIAN’S POWER, COLONIES WERE NOT READY
         *PROS: FIGHT HAD ALREADY BEGUN- MANY ALREADY WANTED TO SPERATE FROM BRITAIN
DRAFT:
         *THOMAS JEFFERSON
                * DREW FROM JOHN LOCKE
                       *PEOPLE BORN WITH CERTAIN NATURAL RIGHTS—LIFE, LIBERTY, & PROPERTY
                       *PEOPLE FORM GOVERNMENTS TO PROTECT THESE RIGHTS
                       *GOVERNMENT INTERFERRING WITH THESE RIGHTS MIGHT RIGHTFULLY BE
                       OVERTHROWN
JULY 2, 1776
         *CONGRESS FULLY VOTED ON LEE’S RESOLUTION FOR INDEPENDENCE
                *12 COLONIES VOTED FOR
                *NEW YORK DID NOT VOTE BUT LATER ANNOUNCED SUPPORT
July 4, 1772
         *JEFFERSON’S DRAFT APPROVED WITH SOME CHANGES
         *56 DELEGATES SIGNED – JOHN HANCOCK, PRESIDENT OF THE CONGRESS SIGNED LARGE (KING
         COULD SEE WITHOUT HIS GLASSES)—COPIES SENT TO NEWLY DECLARED STATES

THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
       *FOUR MAJOR SECTIONS
               *PREAMBLE (INTRODUCTION)—PEOPLE WHO WISH TO FORM A NEW COUNTRY
               SHOULD EXPLAIN THEIR REASONS FOR DOING SO
               *NEXT TWO SECTIONS- LIST THE RIGHTS THE COLONIST BELIEVE THEY SHOULD HAVE &
               THEIR COMPLAINTS AGAINST BRITAIN
               *FINAL SECTION—PROCLAIMS THE EXISTENCE OF THE NEW NATION
       *GOVERNMENT EXISTS TO PROTECT THE RIGHT – IF IT DOES NOT IT IS THE RIGHT OF THE
       PEOPLE TO ALTER OR ABOLISH IT AND INSTITUTE A NEW GOVERNMENT
       *LIST GRIEVANCES AMERICANS HAD AGAINST THE KING.
               *CUTTING OFF OUR TRADE WITH OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD
               *IMPOSING TAXES ON US WITHOUT OUR CONSENT

								
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