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					Watershed Management in MA
          The Deerfield River Watershed
                   Action Plan




              http://www.mass.gov/envir/water/publications/WAPs/Deerfield_WAP_2004.pdf



Kate Crawford, River Corridor Management, October 10, 2005
  MA River Management
• Watershed-scale management approach
• Emphasis on:
  – Water quality
  – Water quantity
  – Open space
  – Stakeholder involvement
MA River Management (cont.)
• Development of Management Plans:
  – Federal – Wild & Scenic Rivers (Connecticut)
  – State = Watershed Action Plan (WAP)
     • State DEP (Blackstone River)
     • Local Resource Planning Commissions
       (Millers River)
     • Private Consultant (Deerfield River)
  – Community
  The Deerfield River Watershed
                        • 665 mi2
                        • 318 mi2 = VT
                          347 mi2 = MA




• ~70 mi long
• elevation change:
    ~ 3,880 ft.
• 12 major sub-watersheds        http://www.deerfieldriver.org/
Watershed Landuse Characteristics
 • Population: 47,000 people
 • 81% Forested – Mohawk Trail & Debuque State
   Forest Land, large pieces of private,
   undeveloped land
    – PS pollution prevalent

 • 13% Agriculture/Open Land – hay, corn, dairy
   production
    – Significant source of NPS pollution

 • 4% Urban/Residential – southern portion of
   watershed (Greenfield = 18,000 people)
    – Significant source of PS pollution

 • 2% Water
                          Landuse




http://www.viewsfromabove.com/vfaPublishing/CFeilwebsite/pixs/%20MAB%20photos/MAB.075.jpg




                                                                                            http://www.viewsfromabove.com/vfaPublishing/CFeilwebsite/pixs/
                                                                                            %20MAB%20photos/MAB.075.jpg



                              http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts
Social & Political Characteristics
   • High social diversity
     – Class stratification
     – Value differences

   • Small governments run by
     better educated community
     members
   • Few economic resources
Why Manage the Deerfield River?
• Conflicting river use
  – Hydroelectricity production vs. recreation

• Water quality
• Aquatic and riparian habitat
• Land use management
• Federal and State mandates                                         http://www.maplehousebb.com/images/zoar.jpg




        http://www.msp.umb.edu/Gelpke/Finished/shelburne_falls.htm
      Management Documents
• Deerfield River Water Quality Assessment Report
  (2000)
  – Guide for DEP work

• Franklin Regional Council of Governments (FRCOG
  2004)
  – Guide for local governments, Deerfield River Watershed
    Association

• Deerfield River Watershed Action Plan (2004)
  – Guide for stakeholders, non-profits
      The Planning Process
• Strong collaboration between the DRWT,
  FRCOG and the State
• Collection of appropriate data
   – Obtaining from various databases
   – Monitoring

• Stakeholder involvement
   – Series of meetings, public forums
      • Development of 6 goals
      • Action plan for achieving goals

• Formulation of document by private consultant
• Review of document by stakeholders
• Identification of potential funding sources
  WAP Goals
• Coordinate Flow Management to Benefit Multiple
  Uses
• Protect and Improve Water Quality in the Watershed
• Restore and Improve Stream Continuity and Aquatic
     Habitat
• Protect Wetlands and Promote Terrestrial Habitat
      Diversity
• Provide Safe Recreation and Public Access/Use
• Protect Open Space and Maintain Rural Landscape
             Recommendations
• Education – landuse BMP’s, ecological effects of dumping,
  septic system maintenance, importance of community
  involvement, safe recreation
• Regulations/Incentives – septic system maintenance, illegal
  dumping, riparian buffers, open space
• Ecological Conservation – continued and improved
  monitoring, river continuity (i.e. dam removal, fish passage
  structures), cold water fishery habitat (increased
  protection), invasive species, open space
• Collaboration – state agencies, town governments, interest
  groups,
• Funding – identify and secure sources of funding for
  various recommended projects
              What’s next?
• Development of Water Quality Action Plan
• Collaboration with Vermont
• Identification of funding
• Continued Monitoring
• Adaptive Management (ecological
  conservation, stakeholders, collaborative
  efforts)
References

• Deerfield River Watershed Action Plan
• Deerfield River Water Quality
  Assessment Report
• River Management Society

				
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posted:12/4/2011
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