CHEMISTRY curriculum guide 2004 SCOS

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					                                                        CHEMISTRY – CURRICULUM GUIDE
                                                                   2004 SCOS
                                                              Gaston County Schools
                                                                                                  Suggested
                                                                                                   Timeline                                                                             Reference and
                                                                    2004         Textbook                                                                   Vocabulary
 Curriculum Concept              Detailed Description*                                            (Based on         Essential Questions                                                  Supporting
                                                                   SCOS          Reference                                                                  Correlation
                                                                                                    Block                                                                                Activities**
                                                                                                  Schedule)


                                                                                    FIRST SIX WEEKS
Introduction to Chemistry                                        Goal 1         Chapter 1        1 – 2 Days       1. Explain why chemistry            Matter, chemistry, organic     - “Accident at Snow Creek
- Branches of Chemistry                                                                                           affects all aspects of life and     chemistry, inorganic           Bridge”** (Honors
- Pure vs. Applied                                                                                                most natural events.                chemistry, biochemistry,       Activity)
                                                                                                                  2. Describe the relationship        analytical chemistry,
- Technology
                                                                                                                  between pure chemistry and          physical chemistry, pure
- Real-World Relevance                                                                                            applied chemistry.                  chemistry, applied
                                                                                                                  3. List three reasons for           chemistry, technology,
                                                                                                                  studying chemistry, and how a       macroscopic, microscopic,
                                                                                                                  knowledge of chemistry can          biotechnology, pollutant,
                                                                                                                  help you be a more informed         pharmaceuticals,
                                                                                                                  citizen.                            agriculture, alchemy
                                                                                                                  4. What impact do chemists
                                                                                                                  have on society, productivity,
                                                                                                                  environment, and the study of
                                                                                                                  the universe?
Scientific Measurement         - Design and conduct              Goal 1         Chapter 1        4 – 5 Days       1. Why is it important for          Scientific method,             - “Accident at Snow Creek
Scientific Methods             independent investigations                       Chapter 3                         scientists to publish a             observation, hypothesis,       Bridge”** (Honors
- Metric Conversions           - Analyze published scientific                                                     description of their                experiment, manipulated        Activity)
                                                                                                                  procedures along with the           variable, responding
- Significant Figures          research
                                                                                                                  results of their experiments?       variable, theory, scientific
- Dimensional Analysis         - Recognize MSDS and safety                                                        2. List two possible reasons        law, measurement,
- Process Skills and           hazards                                                                            for reporting precise, but          scientific notation,
Investigation                                                                                                     inaccurate, measurements.           accuracy, precision,
- Scientific Technique                                                                                            3. What types of problems           accepted value, error,
- Scientific Equipment                                                                                            can be solved using                 percent error, significant
- Safety Expectations                                                                                             dimensional analysis?               figures, International
                                                                                                                  4. Design a table listing all the   System of Units (SI), meter,
                                                                                                                  safety equipment in your            liter, kilogram, gram,
                                                                                                                  classroom/lab and the               weight, temperature,
                                                                                                                  reason(s) for their presence.       Celsius, Kelvin, absolute

* Designates direct reference to the “Detailed Description of Content” listed in the Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI.
** Designates direct reference to recommended activities by NCDPI. Lesson plans can be found within the Chemistry Support Documents.
Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI can be found at: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/science/scos/2004/24chemistry                                            Developed: 07-08
Italicized activities (and –H) designate coverage of honors objectives: “The [Honors Chemistry] course will include additional Honors objectives and an in-depth study of at least two of the listed
enrichment topics. Students will design and complete at least one in depth independent study of chemistry directed questions…and will integrate inquiry and technology.”
For further information on Honors Chemistry requirements: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/docs/curriculum/science/scos/2004/chemistry/supportdocument.doc, page 79.
                                                                                                                                                      zero, energy, joule, calorie,
                                                                                                                                                      mass, length, conversion
                                                                                                                                                      factor, dimensional
                                                                                                                                                      analysis, density

Matter and Change              - Apply (BP, MP, density,          Goal 2         Chapter 2       4 – 5 Days       1. How does the arrangement         Chemical change, chemical         - Density Lab, Density
- Matter Classification        solubility rules) and Calculate    (2.04, 2.06,                                    of particles explain the general    property, chemical                Activity, Unknown Liquid
- Physical Properties /        (density)                          2.07)                                           shape and volume of solids          reaction, chemical symbol,        Lab **
                                                                                                                  and gases?                          compound, distillation,
Change                         - Graphs (solubility vs. temp.,    Goal 3
                                                                                                                  2. What is the relationship         element, extensive
- Chemical Properties /        degree of saturation vs. temp.,    (3.01)                                          between the state of a              property, filtration, gas,
Change                         solutions)                         Goal 5                                          substance at room                   heterogeneous mixture,
- Phase Changes                - Indicators of chemical change    (5.03, 5.04)                                    temperature and its boiling         homogeneous mixture,
- Indicators of Change         (precipitate, gas, color, heat)                                                    point?                              intensive property, law of
                               - Properties of Acids / Bases                                                      3. Describe a procedure that        conservation of mass,
                               (pH and pOH)                                                                       could be used to separate a         liquid, mass, mixture,
                                                                                                                  mixture of sand and table salt.     phase, physical change,
                                                                                                                  4. Explain the term phase as        physical property,
                                                                                                                  it relates to the different types   precipitate, product,
                                                                                                                  of mixtures.                        reactant, solid, solution,
                                                                                                                  5. What is the key difference       substance, vapor, volume,
                                                                                                                  between a substance and a           specific heat, matter
                                                                                                                  solution?
                                                                                                                  6. According to the law of
                                                                                                                  conservation of mass, when is
                                                                                                                  mass conserved?
                                                                                                                  7. Explain why the
                                                                                                                  production of gas does not
                                                                                                                  always mean that a chemical
                                                                                                                  reaction has occurred.
Atomic Structure               - Democritus, Dalton,              Goal 2         Chapter 4       8 – 10 Days      1. Explain how John Dalton’s        Atom, atomic mass, atomic         - Animations from
- Atomic Theory and            Thomson, Millikan,                 (2.01, 2.01-   Chapter 5                        Atomic Theory contributed to        mass unit, atomic number,         www.dlt.ncssm.edu/TIGER
Models                         Rutherford, Chadwick               1H, 2.02)      Chapter 25                       the Modern Atomic Theory.           Dalton’s atomic theory,           - The Atom Activity,
                                                                                                                  2. Compare and contrast the         electron, group, isotopes,        “What is an Atom?” **
- Bohr Model                   - Bohr model                       Goal 4
                                                                                                                  masses, charges, and locations      mass number, neutron,             - Spectrum Lab **
- Electromagnetic Spectrum     - Quantum mechanical model         (4.01, 4.04)                                    of the three prominent              nucleus, period, periodic         - “Penny’s Lab”, “M&M
- Subatomic Particles          - Composition of atom                                                              subatomic particles.                table, proton, atomic             Lab” **
- Isotopes                     - Relationships (wavelength vs.                                                    3. Why are atoms considered         orbital, electromagnetic
- Electron Configuration       frequency, energy vs. frequency)                                                   the basic building blocks of        radiation, electron
- Nuclear Chemistry            - Bohr model of hydrogen atom                                                      matter even though smaller          configuration, energy levels,
                               and energy levels in emission                                                      particles, such as protons and      frequency, ground state,
                               spectrum, electromagnetic                                                          electrons, exist?                   photons, quantum,
                                                                                                                  4. Explain why electrons            quantum mechanical
                               energy and electrons (quanta,
                                                                                                                  occupy equal energy orbitals        model, spectrum,
                               excited state, photons)                                                            singly before beginning to pair     wavelength, alpha particle,
                               - Electron cloud of atom                                                           up.                                 beta particle, fission, fusion,
                               (probability model)                                                                5. Explain the difference           gamma ray, Geiger counter,
                               - Subatomic particles , Mass                                                       between an isotope and a            half-life, ionizing radiation,
                               number, atomic number,                                                             radioisotope.                       neutron absorption,
                               isotopes , average atomic mass                                                     6. Explain how mass number          radiation, radioactivity,
                               (location, charge, mass,                                                           and atomic number of a              radioisotopes
                                                                                                                  nucleus are affected by the
* Designates direct reference to the “Detailed Description of Content” listed in the Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI.
** Designates direct reference to recommended activities by NCDPI. Lesson plans can be found within the Chemistry Support Documents.
Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI can be found at: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/science/scos/2004/24chemistry                                            Developed: 07-08
Italicized activities (and –H) designate coverage of honors objectives: “The [Honors Chemistry] course will include additional Honors objectives and an in-depth study of at least two of the listed
enrichment topics. Students will design and complete at least one in depth independent study of chemistry directed questions…and will integrate inquiry and technology.”
For further information on Honors Chemistry requirements: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/docs/curriculum/science/scos/2004/chemistry/supportdocument.doc, page 79.
                               symbols)                                                                           loss of a beta particle.
                               - Alpha, beta, gamma radiation;
                               decay equations; half-life; fission
                               and fusion
Periodic Table                 - Symbols                             Goal 2         Chapter 6    3 – 6 Days       1. Explain the pattern            Alkali metals, alkaline earth   - “Periodic Table
- Element Symbols              - Periodic trends in chemical         (2.02-1H,                                    revealed when the elements        metals, anion, atomic           Mystery”**
- Periodic Trends /            properties                            2.03)                                        are arranged in a periodic        radius, cation,                 - “Building and Using a 3-D
                                                                                                                  table in order of increasing      electronegativity, halogens,    Periodic Table” **
Properties                     - Predict properties based on:        Goal 3
                                                                                                                  atomic number.                    inner transition metal, ion,    - Photoelectron
- Average Atomic Mass          groups, families, periods,            (3.01)                                       2. Describe the reasoning for     ionization energy,              Spectroscopy Activity **
- Isotopic Mass                representative elements and                                                        the location of alkali metals,    metalloids, metals, noble
                               transition elements, electron                                                      alkaline earth metals,            gases, nonmetals, periodic
                               configuration and energy levels,                                                   halogens, and noble gases on      law, representative
                               valence electrons, oxidation                                                       the periodic table.               elements, transition metal,
                               number, ionization energy,                                                         3. Explain why there should       average atomic mass,
                               atomic and ionic radii, cation /                                                   be a connection between an        isotopic mass, group,
                                                                                                                  element’s electron                period, family,
                               anion radius, electronegativity,
                                                                                                                  configuration and its location
                               bond type                                                                          on the periodic table.
                               - Isotope using mass number                                                        4. Explain why it takes more
                               and atomic number (protons,                                                        energy to remove a 4s electron
                               neutrons, electrons)                                                               from zinc than from calcium.
                               - Average atomic mass (relative                                                    5. Electron affinity is a
                               abundance determines average)                                                      measure of an atom’s ability to
                                                                                                                  gain electrons. Predict the
                                                                                                                  trend for electron affinity
                                                                                                                  across a period. Explain your
                                                                                                                  answer.
Benchmark Review &                                                                               1 – 2 Days
Benchmark One




                                                                                     SECOND SIX WEEKS
Bonding                        - Ions: Stability, Cations,           Goal 2         Chapter 7    3 – 5 Days       1. Demonstrate the                alloy, chemical formula,        - “Bonding-Type Triangle
- Forces of Attraction         Anions, Ionic Charge                  (2.06, 2.07)   Chapter 8                     relationship between the          electron dot structure,         Activity”**
- Hydrogen Bonding             - Ionic Bonds: Electrostatic                                                       electron dot structure of an      formula unit, ionic bond,       - “Molecular and
                                                                                                                  element and the location of       ionic compound, metallic        Intermolecular Bonds
- Ionic and Metallic Bonding   Attractions, placement on
                                                                                                                  the element in the periodic       bond, octet rule, valence       Lab”**
- Covalent Bonding             periodic table, compound                                                           table.                            electron, bond dissociation,
- Van der Waals                characteristics                                                                    2. Compare and contrast the       bonding orbital, covalent
- VSEPR                        - Covalent Bonds: compound                                                         physical and chemical             bond, diatomic molecule,
- Lewis Dot Diagrams           characteristics, molecular,                                                        characteristics of metals and     dipole, dipole interactions,
                               macromolecular (network                                                            ionic compounds.                  dispersion forces, double
                               solids), hydrogen bonding,                                                         3. Explain why ionic              covalent bond,
                               sharing electrons, placement on                                                    compounds are electrically        hybridization, hydrogen
                                                                                                                  neutral.                          bond, molecular
                               periodic table, diatomic
                                                                                                                  4. Compare and contrast           compound, molecular
* Designates direct reference to the “Detailed Description of Content” listed in the Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI.
** Designates direct reference to recommended activities by NCDPI. Lesson plans can be found within the Chemistry Support Documents.
Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI can be found at: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/science/scos/2004/24chemistry                                            Developed: 07-08
Italicized activities (and –H) designate coverage of honors objectives: “The [Honors Chemistry] course will include additional Honors objectives and an in-depth study of at least two of the listed
enrichment topics. Students will design and complete at least one in depth independent study of chemistry directed questions…and will integrate inquiry and technology.”
For further information on Honors Chemistry requirements: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/docs/curriculum/science/scos/2004/chemistry/supportdocument.doc, page 79.
                               elements, carbon bonds,                                                            ionic bonds, metallic bonds,       formula, molecule,
                               relationship btw. Bond energy                                                      and covalent bonds.                nonpolar covalent bond,
                               and bond type, intermolecular                                                      5. Describe the formation of a     polar bond, polar covalent
                                                                                                                  cation that is an exception to     bond, polar molecule,
                               forces (dipole, London
                                                                                                                  the octet rule.                    polyatomic ion, single
                               dispersion forces, relative                                                        6. Why do compounds with           covalent bond, triple
                               strengths                                                                          strong intermolecular              covalent bond, van der
                               - Metallic Bonds: mobile                                                           attractive forces have higher      Waals forces, VSEPR
                               electrons, characteristics of                                                      boiling points than                theory
                               metals                                                                             compounds with weak
                               - VSEPR Theory (electron pair,                                                     intermolecular attractive
                               linear, trigonal, tetrahedral,                                                     forces?
                                                                                                                  7. Explain how the VSEPR
                               bond angles)
                                                                                                                  theory can be used to predict
                               - Lewis Dot Diagrams for                                                           the shape of molecules.
                               simple compounds
                               - Bond polarity vs. solubility
                               -
Chemical Names and             - Name compounds using                  Goal 2         Chapter 9    5 – 7 Days     1. Explain how the charges of      acid, base, binary
Formulas                       IUPAC conventions                       (2.03)                                     Group A metal and nonmetal         compound, law of definite
- IUPAC                        - Write formulas of simple                                                         ions are related to their          proportions, law of multiple
                                                                                                                  positions in the periodic table.   proportions, monatomic
- Nomenclature                 compounds from their names
                                                                                                                  2. Explain how you write the       ion, polyatomic ion, anion,
                               (binary compounds of two                                                           formulas and the names of          cation, ion, chemical
                               nonmetals, binary compounds                                                        compounds with polyatomic          formula, law of
                               of metal/nonmetal, ternary                                                         ions.                              conservation
                               compounds / polyatomic ions)                                                       3. Compare rules for naming
                               - State of matter symbols                                                          and determining formulas for
                               - Names and formulas of                                                            acids and bases.
                               common laboratory acids                                                            4. Describe how the law of
                                                                                                                  definite proportions differs
                               - “-ic / -ous”, “-ite / -ate”, “hypo-
                                                                                                                  from the law of multiple
                               / per-“                                                                            proportions.
                                                                                                                  5. Explain why it is important
                                                                                                                  for chemists to have a system
                                                                                                                  of writing chemical names and
                                                                                                                  formulas.
Chemical Quantities            - Chemical calculations:                Goal 3         Chapter 10   2 – 4 Days     1. List the steps used to          Avogadro’s hypothesis,         - “Observations Copper
- Atoms and Molecules          Formula Mass (particles to              (3.02, 3.03)                               calculate the molar mass of        avogadro’s number,             Chloride and Aluminum
- the Mole                     moles, mass to moles, volume                                                       any compound.                      empirical formula, molar       Lab”**
                                                                                                                  2. How are the empirical           mass, molar volume, mole,
- Mole-Mass, Mole-Volume       of a gas to moles, molarity of
                                                                                                                  formula and molecular              percent composition,
- Percent Composition          solutions), empirical / molecular                                                  formula of a compound              representative particle,
- Mole Conversions             formulas, percent composition                                                      related?                           standard temperature and
                               - Interpret coefficients as mole                                                   3. Illustrate how one mole of      pressure (STP)
                               ratios                                                                             carbon has a smaller mass
                                                                                                                  than one mole of sulfur.
                                                                                                                  Explain how the atomic
                                                                                                                  structures of these elements
                                                                                                                  differ.
                                                                                                                  4. Demonstrate how to

* Designates direct reference to the “Detailed Description of Content” listed in the Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI.
** Designates direct reference to recommended activities by NCDPI. Lesson plans can be found within the Chemistry Support Documents.
Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI can be found at: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/science/scos/2004/24chemistry                                            Developed: 07-08
Italicized activities (and –H) designate coverage of honors objectives: “The [Honors Chemistry] course will include additional Honors objectives and an in-depth study of at least two of the listed
enrichment topics. Students will design and complete at least one in depth independent study of chemistry directed questions…and will integrate inquiry and technology.”
For further information on Honors Chemistry requirements: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/docs/curriculum/science/scos/2004/chemistry/supportdocument.doc, page 79.
                                                                                                                  calculate the percent by mass
                                                                                                                  of an element in a compound.
                                                                                                                  5. Describe how to convert
                                                                                                                  between the mass and the
                                                                                                                  number of moles of a
                                                                                                                  substance.
Chemical Equations /                                               Goal 5         Chapter 11     5 – 7 Days       1. What evidence shows that        activity series, balanced       - “Reaction Types
Reactions                                                          (5.01, 5.02,                                   chemical changes, or a             equation, catalyst, chemical    Demonstration”**
- Balancing                                                        5.03, 5.06)                                    chemical reaction, has             equation, coefficient,          - “Solubility Rule
                                                                                                                  occurred?                          combination reaction,           Activity”**
- Law of Conservation
                                                                                                                  2. Describe the steps in           combustion reaction,            - “Decomposition of
- Types of Reactions                                                                                              writing a balanced chemical        decomposition reaction,         NaHCO3”**
- Indicators of Chemical                                                                                          equation.                          double-replacement              - “Test for Reaction
Change                                                                                                            3. Design a table that             reaction, net ionic equation,   Products”**
- Rate of Reaction                                                                                                compares and contrasts the         single-replacement              - “Reaction Rates Lab –
- Reaction Prediction                                                                                             five types of reactions.           equation, skeleton              Mr. Potato Inquires”**
                                                                                                                  4. How can you predict the         equation, reactants,
                                                                                                                  formation of a precipitate in a    products, law of
                                                                                                                  double-replacement reaction?       conservation,
                                                                                                                  5. What is the purpose of a
                                                                                                                  catalyst?
Stoichiometry                  - Quantitative relationships in     Goal 3         Chapter 12     3 – 5 Days       1. Explain the significance of     actual yield, reagent,          - “Construction of Air
- Quantitative Relationships   chemical reactions                  (3.01, 3.02,   (12.3 is                        coefficients within a balanced     limiting reagent, excess        Bags”**
- Mole                         - Moles of each species in a        3.03, 3.03-1   Honors)                         chemical equation.                 reagent, mole ratio, percent    - “Observations Copper
                                                                                                                  2. Explain the term mole           yield, stoichiometry,           Chloride and Aluminum
- Avogadro’s Number            reaction                            H)
                                                                                                                  ratio in your own words.           theoretical yield,              Lab”**
- Conversion Factors           - Mass of each species in a                                                        When would you use this            Avogadro’s number,              - “Turning Iron into
- Limiting Reactant            reaction                                                                           term?                              quantitative, qualitative       Copper”** (Honors
- Percent Yield                - Volumes of gaseous solutions                                                     3. Describe how you identify                                       Activity)
                               in a reaction                                                                      the limiting reagent in a
                               - Mole ratios from balanced                                                        chemical reaction. What is
                               equation to calculate quantity of                                                  the significance of the limiting
                               one substance in a reaction                                                        reagent in a reaction?
                                                                                                                  4. Outline the steps followed
                               given quantity of another
                                                                                                                  to solve a typical
                               substance in the reaction                                                          stoichiometric problem.
                               (moles, particles, mass, or
                               volume)
Benchmark Review &                                                                               1 – 2 Days
Benchmark Two




                                                                                     THIRD SIX WEEKS
Behavior of Gases                                                  Goal 2         Chapter 14     3 – 5 Days       1. Explain the relationship        Atmospheric pressure,           - “Boyle’s Law Lab”**
- Theories                                                         (2.05)         Chapter 13                      between the Kelvin                 barometer, boiling point,       - “Dalton’s Law
- Phase Diagrams                                                                  (13.1, 13.4)                    temperature of a substance         crystal, evaporation, gas       Demonstration”**
                                                                                                                  and the kinetic energy of its      pressure, kinetic energy,       - “Mg-HCl, Drying a
- Kinetic Molecular Theory
                                                                                                                  particles.                         kinetic theory, melting         Gas”**
* Designates direct reference to the “Detailed Description of Content” listed in the Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI.
** Designates direct reference to recommended activities by NCDPI. Lesson plans can be found within the Chemistry Support Documents.
Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI can be found at: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/science/scos/2004/24chemistry                                            Developed: 07-08
Italicized activities (and –H) designate coverage of honors objectives: “The [Honors Chemistry] course will include additional Honors objectives and an in-depth study of at least two of the listed
enrichment topics. Students will design and complete at least one in depth independent study of chemistry directed questions…and will integrate inquiry and technology.”
For further information on Honors Chemistry requirements: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/docs/curriculum/science/scos/2004/chemistry/supportdocument.doc, page 79.
- Ideal Gas Equation                                                                                              2. Identify three factors that    point, pascal (Pa), phase
- Combined Gas Law                                                                                                affect gas pressure.              diagram, standard
- Dalton’s Law of Partial                                                                                         3. If temperature is constant,    atmospheric pressure (atm),
                                                                                                                  what change in volume would       sublimation, triple point,
Pressures
                                                                                                                  cause the pressure of an          unit cell, vacuum,
- Gas Stoichiometry                                                                                               enclosed gas to be reduced to     vaporization, vapor
- Mole-Volume                                                                                                     one quarter of its original       pressure, allotrope,
                                                                                                                  value?                            amorphous solid, Boyle’s
                                                                                                                  4. What is the relationship       Law, Charles’s Law,
                                                                                                                  between the temperature and       combined gas law,
                                                                                                                  pressure of a contained gas at    compressibility, Dalton’s
                                                                                                                  constant volume?                  Law of Partial Pressures,
                                                                                                                  5. Identify the requirements      diffusion, effusion, Gay-
                                                                                                                  to calculate the amount of gas    Lussac’s Law, Ideal gas
                                                                                                                  in a sample at given conditions   constant, Ideal gas law,
                                                                                                                  of temperature, pressure, and     partial pressure
                                                                                                                  volume.
States of Matter                                                 Goal 2         Chapter 13       2 – 4 Days       1. Explain why increasing the     Aqueous solution,                - “Density Lab”**
- Liquids / Solids                                               (2.04, 2.05,   Chapter 14                        temperature of a liquid           Brownian motion, colloid,        - “Unknown Liquid Lab”**
- Aqueous Solutions                                              2.08)          Chapter 15                        increases its rate of             electrolyte, emulsion,           - “Heat of Fusion Lab”**
                                                                                                                  evaporation.                      hydrate, nonelectrolyte,         - “Ice Cream Lab”**
- Solubility Rate                                                               Chapter 16
                                                                                                                  2. The solid-liquid               solute, salvation, solubility,
- Phase Diagram                                                                                                   equilibrium line in a phase       solvent, surfactant,
- Specific Heat                                                                                                   diagram of a given substance      suspension, surface tension,
- Properties of Water                                                                                             slants to the right. Explain      Tyndall effect,
- Hydrogen Bonding                                                                                                how the substance’s freezing      homogeneous,
- Reaction Rates                                                                                                  point is affected by increased    heterogeneous, boiling-
- Colligative Properties                                                                                          pressure.                         point elevation,
                                                                                                                  3. Explain the role of            concentrated solution,
                                                                                                                  hydrogen bonds in ice.            colligative property,
                                                                                                                  4. Explain why water is an        concentration, dilute
                                                                                                                  excellent solvent for most        solution, freezing point
                                                                                                                  ionic and polar covalent          depression, Henry’s law,
                                                                                                                  compounds but not for             immiscible, miscible,
                                                                                                                  nonpolar compounds.               molality, molarity, mole
                                                                                                                  5. Describe factors that          fraction, saturated solution,
                                                                                                                  influence rate of solubility.     supersaturated, unsaturated
                                                                                                                  6. Identify three colligative
                                                                                                                  properties and explain why
                                                                                                                  each occurs.
                                                                                                                  7. Plot a graph of solubility
                                                                                                                  versus temperature for three
                                                                                                                  gases.
Thermochemistry                                                  Goal 4         Chapter 17       3 – 5 Days       1. Explain why fusion is an       Calorimetry, chemical            - “Spectrum Lab”**
- Gibbs Free Energy                                              (4.01, 4.02,   Chapter 18                        endothermic process but           potential energy,                - “Heat of Solution Lab”**
- Heating / Cooling Curve                                        4.02-1H,                                         freezing is an exothermic         endothermic, exothermic,         - “Phase Change
                                                                                                                  process.                          enthalpy, heat, heat             Demonstration”**
- Specific Heat                                                  4.03, 4.03-
                                                                                                                  2. An increase in temperature     capacity, heat of                - “Penny’s Lab or M&M
- Law of Conservation                                            1H, 4.04)                                        raises the energy of the          combustion, heat of              Lab”**
- Energy Transformations                                                                                          collisions between reactant       reaction, law of                 - “Why Stuff Happens”**
- Calorimetry                                                                                                     molecules. An increase in the     conservation of energy,          (Honors Activity)

* Designates direct reference to the “Detailed Description of Content” listed in the Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI.
** Designates direct reference to recommended activities by NCDPI. Lesson plans can be found within the Chemistry Support Documents.
Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI can be found at: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/science/scos/2004/24chemistry                                            Developed: 07-08
Italicized activities (and –H) designate coverage of honors objectives: “The [Honors Chemistry] course will include additional Honors objectives and an in-depth study of at least two of the listed
enrichment topics. Students will design and complete at least one in depth independent study of chemistry directed questions…and will integrate inquiry and technology.”
For further information on Honors Chemistry requirements: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/docs/curriculum/science/scos/2004/chemistry/supportdocument.doc, page 79.
- Heat of Fusion                                                                                                  concentration of reactants        specific heat, standard heat
- Heat of Vaporization                                                                                            increases the number of           of formation,
- Endothermic / Exothermic                                                                                        collisions. What is the effect    thermochemical reaction,
                                                                                                                  of a catalyst on the collisions   thermochemistry, activation
- Enthalpy
                                                                                                                  between molecules?                energy, chemical
- Activation Energy                                                                                               3. Describe the role of           equilibrium, collision
- Heats of Reaction                                                                                               entropy in determining            theory, entropy, free
- Entropy                                                                                                         whether a chemical reaction is    energy, Gibbs free energy
                                                                                                                  spontaneous or                    change, law of disorder, Le
                                                                                                                  nonspontaneous.                   Chatelier’s principle,
                                                                                                                  4. Explain how to determine       specific heat, heat of fusion,
                                                                                                                  the rate of a reaction from a     heat of vaporization
                                                                                                                  graph of reactant
                                                                                                                  concentration versus time.
Acids, Bases, Salts                                              Goal 5         Chapter 19       4 – 5 Days       1. Explain how the pH of a        Acid, base, salt, dissociation   - “Acid-Base Titration
- Concentration                                                  (5.04, 5.05,   Chapter 20                        solution is calculated.           constant, alkaline solution,     Lab”**
- Dilution                                                       5.05-1H)                                         2. Compare the terms              buffer, conjugate acid,          - “Electrochemistry Law”**
                                                                                                                  strong/weak and                   conjugate base, end point,
- Ionization
                                                                                                                  concentrated/dilute as they       hydronium ion, Lewis acid,
- Degree of Dissociation                                                                                          pertain to acids and bases.       Lewis base, neutral
- Indicators                                                                                                      3. Illustrate a reaction          solution, neutralization,
- pH / pOH                                                                                                        between an acid and a base.       pH, pOH, salt hydrolysis,
                                                                                                                  What are the products of a        strong acid, strong base,
                                                                                                                  reaction between an acid and a    titration, weak acid, weak
                                                                                                                  base?                             base,
                                                                                                                  4. Demonstrate through an
                                                                                                                  equation how buffers resist
                                                                                                                  changes in pH.
                                                                                                                  5. Describe the purpose of an
                                                                                                                  acid-base indicator.
Oxidation / Reduction                                            Goal 5         Chapter 19       4 – 5 Days       1. Define oxidation and           Half reaction, oxidation,        - “Solubility Rule
- Balancing Half Reactions                                       (5.02, 5.04,   Chapter 20                        reduction in terms of the gain    oxidation number,                Activity”**
- Oxidation / Reduction                                          5.05, 5.05-                                      or loss of oxygen.                oxidation reduction              - “Electrochemistry Law”**
                                                                                                                  2. Illustrate how to identify     method, oxidizing agent,         -
(REDOX)                                                          1H)
                                                                                                                  the oxidizing agent and the       redox reaction, reducing
- Titration                                                                                                       reducing agent in a redox         agent, reduction, electron
                                                                                                                  reaction.                         transfer
                                                                                                                  3. Explain how a change in
                                                                                                                  oxidation number is related to
                                                                                                                  the process of oxidation and
                                                                                                                  reduction.
                                                                                                                  4. Explain why the number of
                                                                                                                  electrons lost must equal the
                                                                                                                  number of electrons gained in
                                                                                                                  every redox reaction.
                                                                                                                  5. Explain how to balance a
                                                                                                                  redox reaction using the half
                                                                                                                  reaction method.




* Designates direct reference to the “Detailed Description of Content” listed in the Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI.
** Designates direct reference to recommended activities by NCDPI. Lesson plans can be found within the Chemistry Support Documents.
Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI can be found at: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/science/scos/2004/24chemistry                                            Developed: 07-08
Italicized activities (and –H) designate coverage of honors objectives: “The [Honors Chemistry] course will include additional Honors objectives and an in-depth study of at least two of the listed
enrichment topics. Students will design and complete at least one in depth independent study of chemistry directed questions…and will integrate inquiry and technology.”
For further information on Honors Chemistry requirements: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/docs/curriculum/science/scos/2004/chemistry/supportdocument.doc, page 79.
Benchmark Review &                                                                               1 – 2 Days
Benchmark Three
(OPTIONAL)



                                                                        END OF COURSE REVIEW (EOC)
                                                                                 (1 – 5 Days)

                                                                           END OF COURSE TEST (EOC)
                                                                             (Refer to School Schedule)




* Designates direct reference to the “Detailed Description of Content” listed in the Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI.
** Designates direct reference to recommended activities by NCDPI. Lesson plans can be found within the Chemistry Support Documents.
Chemistry Support Documents prepared by NCDPI can be found at: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/science/scos/2004/24chemistry                                            Developed: 07-08
Italicized activities (and –H) designate coverage of honors objectives: “The [Honors Chemistry] course will include additional Honors objectives and an in-depth study of at least two of the listed
enrichment topics. Students will design and complete at least one in depth independent study of chemistry directed questions…and will integrate inquiry and technology.”
For further information on Honors Chemistry requirements: http://www.ncpublicschools.org/docs/curriculum/science/scos/2004/chemistry/supportdocument.doc, page 79.

				
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