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					Chapter 11; Section 3: Golden Age of Muslim Civilization (266-272)

CALIPH AL-MAMUN
  - dreamed about talking to Aristotle
  - dream inspired him to take action
  - In 830CE, they made the “House of Wisdom”, a library and university
     and Baghdad

MUSLIM EMPIRE UNITED THE FOLLOWING PEOPLE:
  - Arabs, Persians, Egyptians, Africans, Europeans, Mongols, Turks,
    Indians and people in South Asia

SOCIAL CLASSES
  - people could move up through religious, scholarly or military
     achievements
  - Muslims could not be enslaved
  - Most slaves worked as servants or artisans

INTERNATIONAL TRADE NETWORK
  - merchants were honored in Muslim world because Muhammed was
     also a merchant
  - Muslim world traded successfully in West Africa, China and India
     spreading Islam too
  - To made transfer of money easier, Muslim made the “bank check”
     back then
  - Check coming from the Arabic word “sakk”

MANUFACTURING
  - guilds organized handicraft manufacturing in Europe
  - artisans were rich from products such as steel swords, leather goods,
    cotton textiles, carpets, glassware, etc.

AGRICULTURE
  - Muslim farmer cultivated sugarcane, cotton dyes, medicinal herbs,
    fruits, vegetables and sol them in world markets
  - Divided into “the desert and the sown”
  - Small farming communities faced scarcity of water

DESIGN AND DECORATION
  - God or human figures were banned in religious art
  - Designs were abstracts with geometric patterns
  - Also perfected calligraphy
  - Human and animal figures were done in nonreligious art

ARCHITECTURE
  - adapted the domes and arches of Byzatine buildings
  - -domed mosques and high minarets dominated Muslim cities
POETRY
  - long before Muhammad, Arabs had a rich tradition of oral poetry
  - Persian Muslim and Arab poets soon developed elaborate formal rules
    for writing

PHILOSOPHY
  - Muslim scholars translated the works of Greek philosophers

MATHEMATICS
  - Muslim scholars studied both Indian and Greek mathematics
  - Al-Khwarizmi pioneered the study of algebra

ASTRONOMY
  - Muslim astronomers studied eclipses, observed Earth’s rotation and
    calculated the circumference of the Earth
  - Helped pave the way for explorers such as Cristopher Columbus

MEDICAL WORLD
  - was very advanced
  - al-Razi, a head physician back then pioneered the study of measles
    and smallpox
  - Ibn Sina, a Persian physician wrote “Canon of Medicine” which had
    more than 4000 prescriptions

				
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posted:12/4/2011
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