Coordinating and Supporting Person Centred Planning by niusheng11


Ice breaker !
      Valuing People
• Valuing People Learning Disability
  White Paper sets out a vision for the
  development of services based on four

•    Rights
•    Independence
•    Choice
•    Inclusion
    Person Centred Planning
• A powerful way to support positive change
• A different way of working together
• A better way to listen and respond to each
• Working towards inclusive communities
• A commitment to person centred
  planning approaches
      Why Person Centred Planning?
There are lots of good things about person
centred planning. People who have worked in
this way have found that it;

Helps them to think about
what they want from their
lives, their dreams and

                            Helps them to feel good
                            about themselves and more
        What does person
      centred planning mean?
•Person Centred Planning is all
Listening to and learning about
what people want from their lives.
This means putting the person at
the centre of planning for their
    What does person centred
         planning mean?
• Helping people to think about what they want now and
  in the future

•    Family and friends, professionals and services working
    together with the person to make this happen.
The five principles of Person
      Centred Planning
• These have been developed by BILD,
  The British Institute for Learning
• The tools help to apply the principles to
  planning or supporting someone
• These principles underpin a good
  person centred approach
The five principles of Person
      Centred Planning
1 The person is at the centre: Person
  centred planning is rooted in the principles
  of rights, independence and choice.

 It requires careful listening to the person
 and results in the informed choice about
 how a person wants to live and what best
 supports suit the individual
The five principles of Person
      Centred Planning
2 Family members and friends are full
  partners: person centred planning puts
  people in context of their families and

 The contributions that friends and families
 can make are recognised and valued and
 gives a forum for creatively negotiating
 conflicts about what is safe, possible or
 desirable to improve a persons life.
The five principles of Person
      Centred Planning
3 Person centred planning reflects a person’s
  capacities, what is important to a person
  (now and for the future) and specifies the
  support they require to make a valued
  contribution to their community.

 Services are delivered in the context of
 the life a person chooses and not about
 slotting people into ‘gaps’.
The five principles of Person
      Centred Planning
4 Person centred planning builds a
  shared commitment to action that
  recognises a person’s rights.

 It is an ongoing process of working
 together to make changes that the
 person and those close to them agree
 will improve a person’s quality of life.
The five principles of Person
      Centred Planning
5 Person centred planning leads to continual
  listening, learning and action and helps the
  person get what they want out of life

  learning from planning can not only
  inform individuals but can affect
  service delivery as a whole and
  inform and inspire others to
  achieve greater things.
     Learning about the tools
There are currently

six different

styles of

• Map is more of a picture building
  style you can use the Map
  as a whole or use the
  individual components

• Maps have a specific section at the
  beginning of the process for going
  over the history of an individual.
• The maps process allows people
  to express both their hopes
  for the future in the dreaming

• And their fears about the future in the
  nightmare section

• The action plan is to work towards the
  dream and away from the nightmare
                                   Things I need
                       About me     to help me

   Map        dreams


                                   ACTION PLAN


                        Gifts     .



        Health Action Plan
• If you support a person who has a
  learning disability you are well placed
  to support them in staying healthy.

• You will know the person very well

• You will know when things seem to
  change for them.

• Health is at the centre of all our

• Being well, both emotionally and
  physically is crucial to help us
  achieve our dreams and wishes.
Helping people to be healthy
• By working with someone and their
  family and circle of support to
  complete the ‘MY HEALTH’
  information so they have good basic
  information about their health.

• By supporting people with health
  related goals that relate to their
  person centred plan

• By working in partnership with the
  person and health professionals

• By identifying when things change or
  when the person seems different and
  raising possible health concerns.
 Essential lifestyle planning
• Essential lifestyle planning is a very
  detailed planning style which focuses on
  the individual’s life now and how that can
  be improved.

• ELP specifies the way that support is to
  be provided on a day to day basis

• It can also provide a valuable safeguard
  when someone is moving from one setting
  to another as it allows for the
  individual to have consistency.
• Morning Routine: Get a flip chart and
  write you normal morning routine.
  Please make sure its very detailed,
  include information like, What sort of
  toothpaste you use, what sort of milk
  you like, What sort of perfume or
  deodorant you use.
         ESP experiment!
• Find someone to pair with
• Decide on one of your favourite
  activities to communicate to your
• Sit on chairs facing away from each
• Try to communicate your favourite
  activity and what you like about it
          Esp Experiment!
• Turn your chair around to face your partner
• Communicate your favourite activity to your
  partner without speaking
• Now communicate why you like it without
  speaking or looking at your partner
• Now communicate when you usually
  undertake the activity without speaking,
  looking at your partner or miming
• How do we communicate?

• List all the ways you think we
             Spot the lie
• Write down 3 statements about yourself
  on the cardboard paper
• One of these statements will be a lie,
  two are the truth
• Choose another partner
• Talk to your partner and guess which is
  the lie
• Did you guess wrong or right, why?
          Just a minute….
• Tell your partner everything you know
  about driving a car in one minute
  without deviation, hesitation or repetition
  in one minute
• Tell us everything you remember about
  driving a car
          Just a minute…..
• Find a different partner
• Tell them everything you know about
  shopping at supermarkets in one minute
  without deviation, hesitation or repetition
• Tell us everything you remember about
  shopping at a supermarket
          ELP resources
• ELP Guide

• Listen to me

• Listen to Others

• www,
     Communication Charts -
     How you Communicate
At this time or When you do   It probably   And we
in this         or say this   means this    should
situation                                   support you
                                            like this
   Communication Charts -
 How I Communicate with you

At this time or When we want We should do
in this situation you to know or or say this
                  do this
  Personal futures planning
• Personal futures planning provides a way
  of helping to describe the persons life
  now and look at what they might want in
  the future

• It helps people build on areas in their
  life that are working well now and to
  move towards their desirable future

• It is therefore useful when people need
  to learn more about the persons life and
  provides an excellent overview from
  which areas of concern can be
 Individual service Planning
• Individual Service Design is set out to
  gain further understanding about
  someone by revisiting their past

• It requires that there is some
  information about the person’s history

• The deeper understanding that Individual
  Service Design can produce is then used
  to identify how a service needs to be
  designed or changed
      Transitional planning
• Transitional planning is intended to prepare
  students (year 9) to make the transition from
  the world of childhood to the world of

• The plan would concentrate on what is important
  now what’s important in the future

• what support is needed to stay safe and
    Transitional Planning
What’s working      What’s not
          young person view
             Family’s view
             Schools view
              others view
Questions to ask and issues to resolve

Then the Action plan is recorded by a
    facilitator - who and when?
Transition Plans

The e-profile
      Person Centred Approach to
                 Transition Planning
     Mapping the future together

                                       How I make
    How I can                           a positive
     achieve                           contribution

                                       How I can
How I can                              be healthy
 enjoy &
 achieve                How I can
                        stay Safe
My e-portfolio

  (Add your picture here)

 (Add your name here)
This is my story so far:

 I was born on (insert Date) and I am (insert age)
years old
  I live at (insert address)
  In my family there are: (insert mum, dad, brothers,
sisters, as relevant ……..
 Other information that is relevant:
This is a collage of photos of
   my family and friends:
        Things I want you to know about me:
 to help me stay Safe                       to help me be healthy
 • My dislikes & things that upset me       • My important routines
 • My health and safety & others
 • Support and help I need
                                                       to help me achieve
                                                       economic well-being
                                                       • My communication skills
to help me enjoy & achieve
• Important people in my        Click on a heading
   life                                                     Read this first:
                                to find out more
• My dreams and wishes for                                Every Child Matters
   the future
• Places I like                                to help me make a
•Things that are important                     positive contribution
  to me                                        • My history / story
                                               •What people like about me
                                               •Skills and gifts I have
 My ACTION PLAN & what needs to
 change now and in the future
       Click to move on or click on the links to navigate to each section
 This is where I would like to go
when I leave school: (The arrow to
         points to my choice)
This is my action plan describing
who will do what by when:

       Action          By Whom      By When
• Path is a very strong and focused
  planning style and it pays the most
  attention to the process of change

• Path is not a way of gathering
  information about a person but a way of
  planning direct and immediate action

• It first focuses on the dream and works
  backwards from a positive and possible
  future mapping out the actions required
  along the way
• It requires either the person can clearly
  describe their dream or if she does not use
  words then a skilled facilitator to ensure that
  the dreams are those of the individual rather
  than those of the circle of support.

• Paths can only take place in
  a meeting with people who
  know and care about the
  person and are committed
  enough to support the person
  towards her desirable future
  over the next year


Now   People to   First steps   In one   In three
       help me                  months    months
                                 time      time


                                                           What’s the
And there is always your own way !!

                      Guided by the
      What are Person
      Centred Approaches?

Person Centred approaches
are ways of making sure
services do a better job of
listening to what people who
use them really want, and
making sure it happens.
       Helps services
       understand how they can
       support people in the
       way they want

 Helps bring people together to
 problem solve and look at all the
 resources of the community.

Shows services how they can
adjust their activities at both
operational and strategic levels
in order to better support
people to achieve their goals.
Service Land
Wolf Wolfensberger said
that the way we provide
services just reflects what
society thinks of people with
a disability
Whilst Walt Disney was
developing Disney World and
Disney Land………

Services have been working
hard at building ….
                                                            Special College
                                        Day Centres

                                                      Special homes

                                                                       Special Bus
Pets                                  Special


               Work                      Home
             Colleagues                Neighbours

                          Marriage                      Being ME!
Service Land………….
Unlike Disney Land, there are
not queues to get in and the
staff don’t see themselves as
part of the ‘cast’ or as part of
this ‘land’.                       SERVICE LAND

             ‘Roll Up’
In Service Land strange things
happen. They appear to be the
same things as in the real world
Special Places………….
If I was told that I was going to a
‘special ‘ place, I would expect it to
be posh, brilliant and a mind
blowing experience.
However in Service Land

Special Places don’t actually
mean the same special as
we know it. It means a
segregated place, not
particularly posh and not
part of the real world.
‘It’s life Jim but not as we know it’!
In the Real World,
Special Transport says to
me, maybe a limousine, jet
plane, Rolls Royce or a
However in Service land……….

Special transport usually means
an old mini bus with ‘Newcastle
Council’ printed across the side.
Usually you share this bus with at
least another 10 ‘special’
‘Its life Jim, but not as we know it!’
Being in Service land means you have less
choice and fewer opportunities.

Service land limits people’s
expectations. It is a smaller world
where people can only achieve what
service land can offer.
It also deprives disabled people of the
chance to contribute to society.
In service land, one of the main aims
is to keep service land going.
Services are designed to keep people
separate and still part of service
This is the design of the service not
the staff who work in them.
Risk in Service Land
 Segregation and Congregation
 ‘Keeping apart and lumping everyone together’

Services bring people together and group
them. This can be good for mutual support,
but it makes it very difficult to build links
with the local community.
Services may be in the community but not
within the community. They become
socially isolated.
People become one large group and we
forget the fact that people are individual.
                        Peter is an individual
There is a big difference between
coming together for support and being
seen as just a label.
Being in Control
Sometimes people do not get the
chance to be in control. Staff have
for many years made the decisions.
This can sometimes make people
rely on the staff.
People are only seen as a member of
‘service land’
We can become building centred not
         person centred

  We forget that the real work should
    be done out in the real world.
Being person centred is about looking
beyond ‘service land’.

   We need to support people to live
        the way they want to.
        Circle of Support

Circle of support are made of
people who meet on a regular
basis to help someone to
accomplish their personal
goals in life.
            Circle of Support

• The circle acts as a community around that
person and helps them to achieve things the
person wants.
• Circle could be even more important if the
person in centre can’t say what they want
without help.
• Circle will work effectively if everyone takes
responsibilities on different things and have a
set date for doing that.
             Circle of Support
• Although the person’s
  goals are the primary
  drive in everything circle

• It must not be
  overlooked that the
  members will all have
  diverse gifts and
  interests which could
  lead to new
  opportunities and
             Circle of support
• Circles are about seeing people as
  individuals who feel they need support in
  order to take more control over their own
• A circle properly facilitated is empowering
  to all of it’s members and unlike some
  service systems does not reinforce
            Circles of Support
• This group of people come together because
  they want to support the person to develop and
  realise their person centred plans
• The person at the centre of the circle should
  choose the time, place and who attends; they
  might have support with this
• There is usually a facilitator who will help people
  work together and make sure things get done
• Everybody shares responsibility and ideas;
  everyone has something to contribute and
  something to do
• It can help everyone talk together about how
  someone might be support and make sure the
  person who needs support’s voice is heard
 Circles of support – Practical
• Talk to the school about starting a circle
• There should only be one person at the
  centre of any circle
• Make sure everybody is safe and
  comfortable, especially Children
• Make sure that children are encouraged to
  learn from mistakes (and are allowed to make
• Always build on the positives and make sure
  everyone feels part of the combined effort.
Benefits of a Circle of Support
• Everbody learns from working together in a
• Differences and individuality are recognised
  and celebrated
• There will be more opportunities to learn new
  things, make new friends and enjoy more
  community life.
• Circles empower people at the centre of
  them, their voice becomes the most important
• Circles enhance the life of the community
  around them, enriching places like schools
  when circle activity takes place in them
Organisational Culture
    The introduction of PCP
    and HAP for all Users

     People get the best
     support when they are
     at the centre of how it
     is delivered

         Our work is
         driven by the
         people who
         we support
  Important things to
A reminder to everyone that PCP is not the
answer and cure for all the problems

It is a tool to support someone to express
how they want to live and be part of the

PCP is not about setting people up to fail.
Everyone is entitled to have dreams. The
concept of PCP is to make those dreams
realistic practical and therefore possible
What do you remember abour person

 centred planning   ?
              Thank you

Jason       www.pcp-in-

      01420 545683
      01962 847249
      01962 847671
      01962 869313

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