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CARE OF THE ELDERLY (PowerPoint)

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					CARE OF THE ELDERLY
 GERONTOLOGY:

THE STUDY OF THE AGING
       PROCESS.
 GERIATRICS :

THE CARE OF THE AGED
      THE AGING PROCESS:
 A NORMAL PROCESS
 CAUSES CHANGES IN THE BODY
  STRUCTURES AND FUNCTION
 THESE CHANGES CAUSES THE ELDERLY
  TO HAVE SPECIAL NEEDS
 PUTS THEM AT A GREATER RISK FOR
  ILLNESS, CHRONIC DISEASE, AND
  INJURIES.
  PSYCHOLOGICAL AND
SOCIAL EFFECTS OF AGING
    PSYCOLOGICAL CHANGES
 RETIREMENT
 DEATH OF SPOUSE,
  RELATIVES, AND
  FRIENDS
 SOCIETY VALUES
  YOUTH AND BEAUTY
    OUTWARD PHYSICAL CHANGES
 GRAYING HAIR
 WRINKLES
 SLOW MOVEMENTS
CHANGES TO THE BODY
     SYSTEMS
              NERVOUS
 DECREASE IN VISION AND HEARING
 DECREASE SENSE OF TASTE AND SMELL
 REDUCED BLOOD TO THE BRAIN
 LOSS OF BRAIN CELLS
              NERVOUS
 FORGETFULNESS
 CONFUSION
 DIZZINESS
 CHANGES IN SLEEP PATTERNS
         CARDIOVASCULAR
 HEART LESS FORCEFUL
 ARTERIES NARROW AND LESS
  ELASTIC
            DIGESTIVE
 DECREASED SALIVA PRODUCTION
 DIFFICULTY SWALLOWING
 DECREASED APPETITE
 INDIGESTION
 LOSS OF TEETH
 DECREASED PERISTALSIS CAUSING
  FLATULENCE AND CONSTIPATION
            RESPIRATORY
 RESP. MUSCLES
  WEAKER
 LUNGS LESS ELASTIC
 DIFFICULTY
  BREATHING
 DECREASED
  STRENGTH OF
  COUGHING
           MUSCULOSKELETAL
   MUSCLE ATROPHY
   DECREASE STRENGTH
   BONES BECOME BRITTLE
   JOINTS STIFF AND PAINFUL
   GRADUAL LOSS OF HEIGHT
   DECREASED MOBILITY
            INTEGUMENTARY
   SKIN BECOMES LESS
    ELASTIC
   FATTY TISSUE IS
    LOST
   SKIN THIN AND SAGS
   SKIN FRAGILE
   WRINKLES
        INTEGUMENTARY
 SKIN DRY / ITCHES
 SENSITIVE TO COLD
 NAILS THICK AND TOUGH
 LOSS OF HAIR / THIN
 FACIAL HAIR FOR SOME WOMEN
            URINARY
 REDUCED BLOOD FLOW TO THE KIDNEYS
 DECREASE KIDNEY FUNCTION
 POISONOUS SUBSTANCES CAN BUILD UP
 URINE BECOMES CONCENTRATED
 URINARY URGENCY / FREQUENCY
 POSSIBLE INCONTIENCE
 NEED TO URINATE AT NIGHT
          HOUSING
MOST ELDERLY PEOPLE LIVE IN THEIR
           OWN HOMES.
HOWEVER SOME ARE FORCED TO GIVE
 UP THEIR HOMES DUE TO REDUCED
 INCOME, HOME UP-KEEP, AND THE
      NEED FOR ASSISTANCE.
       HOUSING ALTERNATIVES
   LIVING WITH FAMILY
   ADULT DAY CARE CENTERS
   APARTMENTS
   RESIDENTIAL HOTELS
   SENIOR CITIZEN HOUSING
   NURSING FACILITIES
         OBRA
     OMNIBUS BUDGET
RECONCILIATION ACT OF 1987
             –
   CONCERNED WITH THE
    QUALITY OF LIFE FOR
   RESIDENTS IN NURSING
        FACILITIES
OBRA ADDRESSES ISSUES RELATED
            TO :
 RESIDENTS RIGHTS
 RIGHT TO INFORMATION
 REFUSAL OF TREATMENT
 PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY
 PERSONAL CHOICE
 RIGHT TO GRIEVANCES AND DISPUTES
OBRA ADDRESSES ISSUES RELATED
            TO :
 WORK
 PARTICIPATION IN RESIDENT AND
  FAMILY GROUP ACTIVITIES
 CARE AND SECURITY OF PERSONAL
  POSSESSIONS
 FREEDOM FROM ABUSE, MISTREATMENT
  AND NEGLECT
 FREEDOM FROM RESTRAINTS
    ABUSE IS DEFINED AS ONE OR
     MORE OF THE FOLLOWING:
 WILLFUL CAUSING OF INJURY
 UNREASONABLE CONFINEMENT
 INTIMIDATION
 PUNISHMENT
 DEPRIVATION OF GOODS OR SERVICES
  FOR PHYSICAL, MENTAL OR
  PSYCHOSOCIAL WELL-BEING
       FORMS OF ABUSE:
 PHYSICAL
 VERBAL
 INVOLUNTARY SECLUSION
 FINANCIAL
 MENTAL
 SEXUAL

				
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posted:12/4/2011
language:English
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