SAFE STORAGE OF FERTILIZERS CONTAINING AN by EXzF32IY

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                SAFE STORAGE OF FERTILIZERS
                       CONTAINING AN
     Ammonium nitrate fertilizers are safe when handled in accordance with industry guidelines.
             They are not toxic to handle and cannot burn or explode spontaneously.
          If exposed to heat or fire, fertilizers can decompose and release toxic fumes.


                   DO’S                                                DON’TS
• Always keep record of what is in storage;         • No entry for unauthorized persons;
• Have storage instructions readily available;      • No smoking or use of open fire;
• Train workers in safe handling and                • No gas bottles, oil drums, gas and oil tanks, or
  emergencies;                                        fuel filling station in the vicinity of fertilizers;
• First in - first out product movement;            • No hot wire lamps, use fluorescence type lamps
• Good housekeeping practices;                        avoiding contact with fertilizers;
• Free access to emergency equipment and            • No heat source in contact with fertilizers;
  escape-ways;                                      • No hot work unless authorized and done under
• For maintenance work: get manager’s                 strict control;
  approval and follow correct procedures;           • No contamination of fertilizers with combustible
• Use only approved electrical equipment;             and organic materials, hay and straw, farm
• Use safety warning symbols;                         chemicals, oil and grease, acids and alkalis;
• Label fertilizer bags and bins correctly;         • No use of sawdust for drying wet floors (use
• Make safety inspections.                            inert materials instead).
  IN CASE OF A FIRE OR DECOMPOSITION OF FERTILIZERS…

DO’S
• Call the Fire Brigade - mention materials
                                                       FIRST AID
                                                                                              AFTER THE FIRE OR
  involved.
• Evacuate personnel;
• Open doors, windows and roof vents for               DO’S                                   DECOMPOSITION
  maximum ventilation;                                 • Evacuate persons exposed to
• Find the fire source and try to control it if safe     fumes to a safe area, make
                                                                                              DO’S
  to do so;                                              them lie down in the shade and
                                                                                              •   Make sure the fire or
                                                         keep warm;
• Fight the fire from upwind, avoid breathing                                                     decomposition will not start
                                                       • Call for medical assistance –
  fumes, use                                             inform doctor about type of gas          again and keep watch if
  breathing apparatus where necessary;                   and provide Safety Data Sheet;           necessary for some time
• If possible, remove decomposing fertilizers                                                     afterwards;
                                                       • If breathing fails, give mouth-to-
  and spray these with water;                                                                 •   Clean the area;
                                                         mouth respiration (do not press
• If not possible to remove, use VICTOR lances                                                •   Dispose of damaged
                                                         chest) or oxygen (by trained
                                                         staff);                                  fertilizers
  and large amounts of water to stop the
                                                       • Keep under medical                       in a safe way (follow
  decomposition;                                                                                  industry guidelines);
• Avoid run-offs of molten fertilizers or polluted       supervision for at least 48
                                                                                              •   Prevent damaged fertilizers
  water from entering drains;                            hours.
                                                                                                  from polluting the
• Inform authorities if there is a risk of water                                                  environment (no run-offs
  pollution.                                                                                      into waterways or
                                                                                                  groundwater).
DON’TS
Do not use chemical extinguishers, foam, steam
  or sand on decomposing fertilizers.
                                                                 EMERGENCY CALL:

                                                                 For more information:

								
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