TRANSITIONAL WORDS AND PHRASES

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					TRANSITIONAL WORDS
    AND PHRASES
   WHY USE Transitional Words
         and Phrases?
• Using transitional words and phrases
  helps papers read more smoothly.
  They provide logical organization and understandability
  and improve the connections and transitions between
  thoughts

• A coherent paper allows the reader
  to flow from the first supporting point to the last.

• Transitions indicate relations,
  whether within a sentence, paragraph, or paper.
  This list illustrates "relationships" between ideas,
  followed by words and phrases that can connect them.
        SAMPLE TRANSITIONAL
         WORDS & PHRASES
• Addition:
  also, again, as well as, besides, coupled with,
  furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover,
  similarly
• Consequence:
  accordingly, as a result, consequently, for this
  reason, for this purpose,
  hence, otherwise, so then, subsequently,
  therefore, thus, thereupon, wherefore
• Generalizing:
  as a rule, as usual, for the most part,
  generally, generally speaking, ordinarily, usually
      SAMPLE TRANSITIONAL
        WORDS & PHRASES
• Exemplifying:
  chiefly, especially, for instance, in particular, markedly,
  namely,
  particularly, including, specifically, such as
• Illustration:
  for example, for instance, for one thing, as an illustration,
  illustrated with, as an example, in this case
• Emphasis
  above all, chiefly, with attention to, especially,
  particularly, singularly
• Similarity:
  comparatively, coupled with, correspondingly, identically,
  likewise, similar, moreover, together with
      SAMPLE TRANSITIONAL
        WORDS & PHRASES
• Exception:
  aside from, barring, besides, except, excepting,
  excluding, exclusive of, other than, outside of, save
• Restatement:
  in essence, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say,
  in short, in brief, to put it differently
• Contrast and Comparison:
  contrast, by the same token, conversely, instead,
  likewise,
  on one hand, on the other hand, on the contrary, rather,
  similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, in contrast
        SAMPLE TRANSITIONAL
          WORDS & PHRASES
• Sequence:
  at first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, at the same time,
  for now, for the time being, the next step, in time, in turn, later on,
  meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier,
  simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind,
• Summarizing:
  after all, all in all, all things considered, briefly, by and large, in any
  case, in any event,
  in brief, in conclusion, on the whole, in short, in summary, in the final
  analysis,
  in the long run, on balance, to sum up, to summarize, finally
• Diversion:
  by the way, incidentally
• Direction:
  here, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above,
  to the left, to the right, in the distance
    How Can Transitional Words &
      Phrases tell this story?
•   The entire building had to be          •   Notice that the three separate
    searched.                                  statements are all valid sentences.
                                               They convey the bare essential facts
                                               of the situation, but nothing more. In
•   They started the search on the third       fact, they raise almost more questions
    floor.                                     than they answer. For example:
                                               - Was it a serious incident?
•   It took three hours to complete the        - Had it ever happened before?
    search.                                    - Why did they start on the third floor?
                                               - What about the first two floors?
                                               - Is three hours a long time for that?
                                               - How long does it usually take?


                                           •   These are all logical (and obvious)
                                               questions that the average person
                                               might ask when reading a paragraph
                                               made up of the three sentences
                                               above.
             Here’s The Story
• “UNLIKE the previous           •   Notice the use of the transition words: UNLIKE,
                                     BECAUSE, and CONSEQUENTLY. Using these
                                     three words has allowed us to easily connect the
  minor incident, this time          three independent sentences and give them a
                                     sense of chronological order and logical flow. They
  the entire building had to         also allow us to answer ALL of the obvious
                                     questions, either with the transition word itself, or by
  be searched. BECAUSE               adding a couple more words.
  the fire was still smoking
  on the first two floors,       •   In short, transition words/phrases have turned three
                                     dry independent phrases into a little story that
  they started on the third,         makes sense to the reader.

  working upwards,               •   These types of words/phrases are ideal for allowing
  covering the first two last.       one to easily connect thoughts, and create logical
                                     sequences between sentences and paragraphs.
  CONSEQUENTLY, it took              They are usually inserted at the beginning of a
                                     sentence and normally refer directly back to the
  them a full three hours            previous sentence and/or paragraph without
                                     repeating the specific subject.
  before they finally
  completed the typical
  two-hour job.”
             More Transitions…
• IN CONTRAST TO...

• UNLIKE last year, this one was highly profitable.
  DIFFERENT from this, was our approach to
  manufacturing.
  IN SPITE OF the dot com bust, the company prospered.
  ON THE OTHER HAND, earnings per share have
  increased.
  ON THE CONTRARY, the impact was less than
  expected.
  OPPOSING that idea was the move to new
  technologies.
  HOWEVER, that approach may actually prove better.
  CONTRARY to his findings, the revenue picture is good.
  NEVERTHELESS, something still appears to be missing.
             More Transitions
• SIMILARITY AND COMPARISON...
  LIKE always, he took the company on a dangerous
  course.
  SAME as before, he managed to meet all of the
  requirements.
  SIMILAR things were known to happen at certain times.
  CLOSE to that was the result of the second round of
  voting.
  LIKEWISE, they made similar changes in the factory.
  ALSO, there were the worker’s families to consider.
  NEAR that one, was where we found the faulty
  component.
    More Transitional Phrases
• CAUSE AND EFFECT...
  THEN, he moved on to the next work station.
  AS A RESULT, the team lost the game.
  FOR THIS REASON, she always went home for the
  weekend.
  THE RESULT WAS always predictable.
  WHAT FOLLOWED was as painful as it was inevitable.
  IN RESPONSE, he quickly upped the ante.
  THEREFORE, the aircraft overshot the runway.
  THUS, it was just a matter of time.
  BECAUSE OF THIS, the results were always the same.
  CONSEQUENTLY, he was no longer friends with Frank.
  THE REACTION to this event was swift and decisive.
     More Transitional Phrases
• EXPLANATION AND EXAMPLE...
  FOR EXAMPLE, last year’s model was underpowered.
  ONE SUCH occurrence was last week’s power outage.
  FOR INSTANCE, earnings this year are higher than last.
  TO ILLUSTRATE, he went to Chicago just to make his
  point.
  ALSO, there is a new approach to sheet-metal moulding.
  THAT TOO, just goes to make my point even stronger.
  TO DEMONSTRATE, I will use the new model
  throughout.
   Improve with a transition…
• BEFORE
• Succeeding in college often is a challenge
  for students. Most colleges provide
  services designed to help students. They
  include peer tutoring and personal
  counseling. Colleges need to provide more
  services to help students succeed.
               AFTER….
• Succeeding in college often is a challenge
  for students. Therefore, most colleges
  provide services designed to help
  students, such as peer tutoring and
  personal counseling. However, colleges
  need to do more to help students succeed.
                 Before…
• George's wife stands at the window and
  looks out at the rain falling on the empty
  streets. For example, she sees a cat
  huddled under a table in the rain.
                      After
• George's wife stands at the window and looks
  out at the rain falling on the empty streets. She
  sees a cat huddled under a table in the rain.



*("For example" did not make sense here because
   the woman seeing the cat is not a clear
   "example" of anything in the first sentence.)
 TRANSITIONAL WORDS AND
         PHRASES
• Match Game!          • http://www.studygs.ne
                         t/wrtstr6.htm
• Click link to play
  game

				
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posted:12/4/2011
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