Meet the new boss

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					Chapter Officers:                   Summer Edition 2009                                                    Newsletter Date: July, 2009

Eric Brittle
                                   Meet the new boss…
Adrienne Averett                               The first Presidential Rant from Eric Brittle
                                                                          a great continuing education            Randolph-Macon College was
Immediate Past President:          Spring has sprung and summer
                                                                          workshop, ―Topics on Fish               awarded the Robert E. Jenkins
Bob Greenlee                       is here. The first half of my
                                                                          Kills and Fish Health: A Work-          undergraduate scholarship.     reign as King Cracker has
                                                                          shop for Field Biologists.‖             The tag team combination of
                                   been a very smooth ride thus
Secretary:                                                                Presentations from six leaders          Josh Harris and Shannon
                                   far. I credit the ease to the
Bill Kittrell                                                             in their respective fields in-          White received the Best Stu-
                                   great membership of the Vir-                                           formed attendees on topics              dent Presentation Award. I
                                   ginia Chapter. I have leaned
                                                                          such as bacterial and viral             challenge this year‘s member-
                                   heavily on the former King
Treasurer:                                                                pathogens, fish parasites, and          ship to continue to raise the
                                   (Bobby No Lunch) and the
Steve Owens                                                               necropsies. Over one hun-                                  (Continued on page 2)
                                   current Executive Committee.
                                                                          dred registered members and
                                   Our membership has been
                                                                          students attended the meet-
                                   working diligently on a multi-
                                                                          ing. Eleven of the 23 technical
                                   tude of projects from under-
 Inside this issue:                                                       papers were contributed by
                                   graduate student research, to
 The Prez sez...             1     graduate research projects, to
                                   environmental studies and              I would like to congratulate
                                   biologist‘s management pro-            Adrienne Averett (DEQ) and
 Student Research            3     jects. Members are working             Bill Kittrell for their election
 Highlight: Shannon                on everything from helping             to the EX-COM. I would also
 White, RMC ‗09                    landowners and studying local          like thank Steve Owens for
                                   aquatic environments to writ-          staying on as chapter treas-
 Snakeheads, snake-          4     ing delegates to influence pol-        urer (again) and Robert Hum-
 heads, roly-poly                  icy that affects worldwide             ston for taking on the newslet-
 snakeheads...                     ecosystems.                            ter. Bill Kittrell was also
                                                                          awarded the Eugene W. Sur-
                                   We started off the year with a
 Chapter Awards              5                                            ber Professional Fisheries Bi-
                                   bang in Lexington at Washing-
 Announcement!!                                                           ologist Award. Robert Leaf
                                   ton and Lee University. The
                                                                          (Virginia Tech) was given the
                                   annual meeting, held February                                                  The Prez hoists a heifer of a Salmo
 Ichthyology Chapter 6                                                    Robert Ross graduate scholar-
                                   10-12, kicked off the year with                                                during his formative Tennessee years.
                                                                          ship and Shannon White of

 News you can ewes           7-9

 Meetings, websites,         9     The Virginia Chapter of the American Fisheries Society is a subunit of the American Fisheries Society.
 & papers of interest              The chapter was established in 1990 to provide fisheries professionals in Virginia with increased access to AFS;
                                   encourage the exchange of information among fisheries and other aquatic resource professionals; provide a forum
                                   for the discussion, debate, and resolution of aquatic resource issues within Virginia; and serve the Commonwealth by
                                   providing expert scientific knowledge to allow for informed decisions concerning the use and development of the
                                   state's natural resources.
                                   The Chapter website can be found at
Summer Edition 2009                                                                                                      Page 2

The debut rant from President Brittle… (continued)
  (Continued from page 1)                                          ship, pass it along to me and we‘ll see what we can do.
  bar and present your findings at the 2010 meeting.               Also, be thinking of a Natural Resource Conservation-
                                                                   ist/Citizen Conservation Award nominee. There are
  The EX-COM has been working on updating our current by
                                                                   many good folks out there right now working on im-
  -laws. As I hope you have seen, several changes were rec-
                                                                   portant projects benefiting fisheries around the state.
  ommended to bring our by-laws in compliance with changes
                                                                   We would like to recognize those individuals with a
  that have occurred in the Parent Society and to reflect
                                                                   little token of our appreciation and hear some of the
  changes in technology. Many of the changes in the by-laws
                                                                   things they are doing.
  were just housekeeping in nature; however, we did recom-
  mend changes that would make Chapter business easier to          The nominating committee is looking for a few good
  conduct through email, the list-serv and the website. Fi-        me and women to serve on your next executive com-
  nally, we have decided to combine the efforts of the Advo-       mittee, if you are interested or know someone who
  cacy and Environmental Affairs Committee to stream line          would be good at herding cats, pass their name
  our efforts and improve communications between the two           along…….it really isn‘t that bad. Don‘t forget, the
  closely-linked committees.                                       annual AFS meeting is being held August 30 through
                                                                   September 3 in Nashville, TN. Get your registration in
  Speaking of the Advocacy/Environmental Affairs Commit-
                                                                   now. Finally, fundraising is always an issue for the
  tee, the committee members have contacted several politi-
                                                                   Chapter and every little bit helps. Please contact busi-
  cians on various matters of importance to the Chapter.
                                                                   nesses that have an interest in fisheries for help funding
  We have commented on the Appalachian Restoration Act
                                                                   our annual meeting. Even if they can‘t give money to
  in support of the bill that would re-define fill materials and
                                                                   help support us, donated items for the raffle will work
  eliminate valley fills. We have also sent letters of support
                                                                   as well.
  for the American Clean Energy and Security Act which
  would help safeguard natural resources for people and wild-      Thanks,
  life. If there are any issues that the Chapter can speak
                                                                   King Cracker
  on…..please let us know!
                                                                   Questions or ideas about service on committees, soda selec-
  I encourage all of our members to start thinking of possible
                                                                   tion at the chapter meetings, or continuing education
  candidates for each of the Chapter‘s Awards, including the
                                                                   courses can be directed to:
  $500 undergraduate and graduate scholarships! That buys a
  lot of ……..errrrr….Pepsi! [Editors note: The Virginia Chapter
  AFS does not endorse any particular cola brand over others.]        
  The continuing education committee is now taking sugges-                   President of the Virginia Chapter
  tions on possible workshop possibilities. If you have some-
  thing on your mind that we could facilitate for the member-
                                                                             of the American Fisheries Society

   This newsletter features artwork by member Mike Pinder (DGIF) that appears in the new Ichthyology Chapter for the VA
   Master Naturalist training program. This text was co-authored by several chapter members and is available on the VA-AFS
   website for download. The artwork is incredible and the chapter is a fantastic summary. See page 6 of this newsletter for
   more details
 Summer Edition 2009                                                                                              Page 3

     Virginia Chapter American Fisheries Society
                19th Annual Meeting
   Washington & Lee University, Lexington, Virginia
                February 10 – 12, 2009

                                     Meeting Summary

On February 10 – 12, 2009, the Virginia Chapter‘s nineteenth annual meeting was held at the Stackhouse
Theater, in the Elrod Student Commons, on the Washington and Lee campus. A workshop, Topics on Fish Kills
and Fish Health: A Workshop for Field Biologists, was held on Tuesday the 10th. A total of 98 registered for the
workshop and meeting, of these 25 were students. Comp registrations were offered to an additional 20 stu-
dents from W&L and one from VMI, and an additional 9 faculty and staff members of W&L. Bringing total at-
tendance to 128. Workshop participants heard presentations by Rocco Cipriano (Bacterial Pathogens), Vicki
Blazer (Inter-Sex), Don Orth (Necropsy), Debora Iwanowicz (Parasites of Fish), John Coll (Viral pathogens),
and Alex Barron (Consumption Advisories). Beyond the workshop‘s six invited presentations by experts in
the field, students contributed 11 of the additional 23 technical presentations during the contributed presenta-
tion sessions, as well as a majority of the 5 posters presented at the Wednesday social.

The annual business meeting was held on Wednesday, the 11th, with Steve Mcmullin, Past President of SD AFS,
providing opening remarks. At the business meeting, new officers were installed. Eric Brittle (VDGIF) was
installed as President, Adrienne Averett (VDEQ), was installed as President-Elect, Steve Owens (VDGIF) was
installed for a second consecutive term as Treasurer, and Bill Kittrell (VDGIF) was installed as Secretary. Bob
Greenlee (VDGIF) will now serve as Past President. Robert Humston (W&L) agreed to continue as Newslet-
ter Editor.

Scholarships and awards were also distributed at the business meeting. Bill, Kittrell (VDGIF), was given the
Eugene W. Surber Professional Fisheries Biologist award. Robert Leaf of Virginia Tech was awarded the
Robert Ross graduate scholarship, and Shannon White of Randolph-Macon College was awarded the Robert
E. Jenkins undergraduate scholarship. Bost scholarships were awarded
at the full $500 level. Shannon White, with co-presenter Josh Harris,
also received the best student presentation award ($100). The Natu-
ral Resource Conservationist award was not given this year.

Socials were held both evenings at the Hampton Inn Col Alto, in Lex-
ington, with a raffle (emceed by Tom Wilcox) held during the
Wednesday evening event. Thanks to Tom‘s unique talents, the raffle
was extremely successful, offering high entertainment value for all in-
Submitted by,

Robert S. Greenlee                                                        Editor’s Note: Since no photos were available
Past President, Virginia Chapter, AFS                                     from the meeting, I decided to re-run this shot of
                                                                          our deposed leader. It’s worth a second run.
 Summer Edition 2009                                                                                      Page 4

               Student Research Highlight:
        Shannon White, Randolph-Macon College ‘09

Shannon White has won multiple awards from the VA Chapter for her re-
search (in collaboration with Chas Gowan, RMC) including the Jenkins Un-
dergraduate Research Scholarship and Best Student Presentation at the
2009 annual meeting.
I have no idea what I like to research. Actually, that‘s not completely
true; I‘m just open to any and all fish research and hence the reason
my projects tend to be somewhat dissimilar. (But hey, I‘m an under-
graduate, I‘m allowed to have research ADD.) The problem is when
I‘m asked for a synopsis of my research projects I usually end up in a
tangled web of project explanations that begs for a flow chart.
Therefore, to avoid the complication I have decided to write about
my two most recent endeavors: transitive inference in search image
development and long-term effects of habitat manipulation on fish
One of my growing research interests involves fish behavior, specifi-
cally social learning in feeding behavior of trout. Trout are drift feed-
ers that position themselves in the current to capture prey as it floats
downstream . When feeding, trout develop a search image for prey species (selecting this species preferen-
tially even when other suitable prey is available, and periodically switching to new prey when that species be-
comes abundant), but the process by which trout learn to recognize new prey types and form search images
for them is unknown.
This summer I wanted to determine if transitive inference (learning by one individual based on observing other
individuals) played a role in the development of search images by brook trout in a Fridley Run near Harrison-
burg, VA. My objective was to determine if the presence of a fish already trained on a novel prey species
would reduce the time it took for untrained fish to develop a search image for novel prey. To train fish on
the novel prey, I introduced canned mealworms to two pools for 15 continuous days using artificial feeders.
A total of seven fish were successfully trained to take the novel prey, and these fish were then transferred to
two new pools that contained fish that had never seen the mealworm prey before. An additional eight pools
were left as controls. I then restarted feeding of the mealworms and monitored to see how long it took for
untrained fish to develop a search image.
In conducting my data analysis, I compared the rate at which untrained fish developed a search image in treat-
ment pools (trained and untrained fish) to control pools (only untrained fish). Untrained fish in the control
pools took substantially fewer mealworms than did fish in the treatment pools. Moreover, the learning proc-
ess was very rapid, with evidence suggesting that untrained fish in treatment pools learned within one day.
Thus, I conclude that that transitive inference plays a strong role in development of a search image.
My next research endeavor finds me outside of fish behavior and outside of Virginia. This summer I will travel
to Colorado to continue work started by my advisor, Chas. Gowan, during his Ph.D. research. During that
research, log drops were installed in 6 Colorado streams in 1988 and trout populations were monitored for
six years following installation. It was determined that trout populations increased by as much as 100%, but
those streams have not been monitored since the conclusion of that study in 1996.
                                                                                                   (Continued on page 5)
  Summer Edition 2009                                                                                     Page 5

Student Research Highlight: Shannon White
(Continued from page 4)
My research this summer will involve resampling those streams in order to determine how log drops installed
in 1988 effect today‘s trout populations. Habitat manipulations are expensive, but if it can be shown that habi-
tat manipulation provides benefit for at least two decades, managers can more easily justify the expense in-
volved. Thus, I anticipate that these finding will be of great interest to fisheries managers.
It is my hope that I will be able to present the conclusions of my study in Colorado, and all future endeavors,
and upcoming VCAFS meetings. With support from the chapter through the Robert E. Jenkins scholarship and
career/educational opportunities I have more than assured my passion for fisheries biology and a desire to con-
tinue research in the field.
Good luck in Colorado, Shannon! We’re all looking forward to hearing more about your new research and future suc-

                                 Snakehead Update 2009
Personnel with the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries continued to sample the Potomac River
tributaries as part of a northern snakehead investigation. Boat electrofishing samples (n=11) in 2008 were
commensurate with previous years, and effort was largely confined to the three core tributaries in the center
of distribution (Little Hunting Creek, Dogue Creek and Pohick/Accotink complex). Boat electrofishing mean
catch rate of northern snakehead was 4.8 fish per hour which represented an increase from 2007 (2.9 fish per
hour) but was still below the record catch rate in 2006 (6.1 fish per hour). However, catch rate for 2009 (as
of mid June) was 5.6 fish per hour and was the highest documented except for the ―outlier‖ year of 2006. The
linear trend indicated an increasing population (r2=0.56; P=0.09, n=6).
Reported angler catches in 2008 (52) were nearly identical to those reported in 2007 (53). Both years repre-
sented more reported catches than during 2004-2006 combined. Recently bow fishing for northern snake-
heads has become popular, and it appears that a record number of fish will be taken in 2009 with combined
gears (hook and line and archery).
Results of a creel survey conducted at Virginia boat ramps south of Washington, DC from June-October, 2008
suggested angler catch rate of northern snakehead may have been higher than anticipated. There were an esti-
mated 201 northern snakeheads caught during the period, and 27% of the 290 anglers interviewed reported
catching one or more snakeheads. Only 3% of anglers reported actually targeting snakeheads as some time,
but none claimed they were targeting snakeheads the day of interview.
Range, based on reported angler catches, increased dramatically in 2009 with the catch of a snakehead in a fyke
net 20 miles below the previously known downstream limit of distribution. Currently, known colonized waters
include approximately 70 miles of the mainstem Potomac River from just below Great Falls downstream to
Upper Machodoc Creek (King George County, Virginia) including tributaries within Maryland, Virginia, and DC.
Between the upstream gradient barrier of Great Falls and the salinity barrier below King George County, it is
unclear how much more area northern snakeheads will colonize; but they have proved to be more tolerant to
salinity than originally believed, and the C&O canal system may offer a bypass around Great Falls.
Biologists working cooperatively with the USFWS, MD DNR, VDGIF and DC are floy tagging and releasing
northern snakeheads during 2009 in hopes of gaining additional information about movement, dispersal, growth
and exploitation.
For more information, contact John Odenkirk, snakehead wrangler and movie quote aficionado.,
540-899-4169 x117,
Summer Edition 2009                                                                                   Page 6

            Nominations Sought for Chapter Awards!
             $500 Robert D. Ross Graduate Scholarship
                       In Fisheries and Related Aquatic Sciences
The Virginia Chapter of the American Fisheries Society invites applications for a $500 graduate scholar-
ship in fisheries and related aquatic sciences. The deadline for applications is January 15th, 2010. The
scholarship will be awarded at the Chapter‘s annual meeting in February 2009. Criteria for the scholar-
ship are as follows:
     The applicant must be a graduate student in fisheries, biology, or a related aquatic science program at
     an accredited Virginia university.
     The applicant should demonstrate academic excellence at both the undergraduate and graduate lev-
     els as well as promise for future contributions to fisheries and aquatic resource conservation.
     Preference will be given to applicants who wish to pursue a career in fisheries or related aquatic
     fields and who have demonstrated interest in professional activity in addition to required academic
Applications should consist of (1) a letter from the applicant (not to exceed 500 words) describing his/
her background in fisheries and related sciences, the significance of his/her research to management/
conservation of fisheries and aquatic resources, and career aspirations, (2) copies of transcripts from all
institutions of higher learning attended, and (3) two letters of recommendation, at least one of which
should be from the applicant‘s major advisor.

     $500 Robert E. Jenkins Undergraduate Scholarship
                       In Fisheries and Related Aquatic Sciences
The deadline for applications is January 15th, 2010. The scholarship will be awarded at the Chapter‘s an-
nual meeting in February 2009. Criteria for the scholarship are as follows:
    The applicant must have junior or senior class standing at an accredited Virginia college or university.
    The applicant should be pursuing a 4-year degree and should demonstrate in his/her letter of applica-
    tion a desire to pursue a career in aquatic resource management or conservation, or in a field consis-
    tent with these areas.
    The applicant should demonstrate academic excellence.
The scholarship is for one academic year but may be awarded to the same student for up to two years.
Applications should consist of (1) a letter from the applicant (not to exceed 500 words) describing his/
her background, qualifications and interest in fisheries or related aquatic sciences, (2) copies of tran-
scripts from all institutions of higher learning attended, and (3) one letter of recommendation from a
professor in the applicant‘s major field of study.

      Applications, transcripts and letters of recommendation should be sent to:
                                           Scott Smith, VDGIF
                                       1132 Thomas Jefferson Road
                                         Forest, VA 24551-9223
                                              (434) 525-7522

                 Application Deadline: January 15, 2010
Summer Edition 2009                                                                                  Page 7

          Ichthyology Chapter for Virginia Master
                  Naturalists Completed.
Chapter Outreach Committee Co-chairs Paul Bugas and John Copeland, working in cooperation
with Brian Murphy from Virginia Tech's Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences, recently
completed editing the Ichthyology Chapter for a textbook for the Virginia Master Naturalist Pro-
gram. The Virginia Master Naturalist Program trains adults for natural resource stewardship,
outreach and education, and citizen science projects to benefit public areas within communities
across the Commonwealth. The Ichthyology Chapter was produced by a team from the Virginia
Chapter American Fisheries Society's (VA-AFS) Outreach Committee. Authors in-
cluded Department of Game and Inland Fisheries biologists Paul Bugas, John Copeland, and Scott
Herrmann, Adrienne Averette and George Devlin from the Department of Environmental Qual-
ity, Brian Murphy and Mike Duncan from Virginia Tech's Department of Fisheries and Wildlife
Sciences, Dawn Kirk from the U.S. Forest Service, Larry Bandolin, a retired U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service biologist, and Charles Gowan, a Randolph-Macon College biology professor. Illustrations
for the chapter were provided by Scott Herrmann and Mike Pinder, along with a number of line
drawings from the Freshwater Fishes of Virginia book by Dr. Robert E. Jenkins and Noel M.
Burkhead. Chapter members serving as Ichthyology instructors at Master Naturalist Chapters
across the Commonwealth will find this chapter a ready resource for teaching Ichthyology in a
standard way. The Outreach Committee is currently in the process of compiling a companion
PowerPoint presentation for use in instructing Master Naturalists. The chapter is available for
download from the VA-AFS website at

                                                                      Artwork by Mike Pinder, DGIF
Summer Edition 2009                                                                                             Page 8

National Fish Habitat Conservation Act Introduced
into Senate [from National Fish Habitat Action Plan,]
Wednesday, 10 June 2009 15:00
(WASHINGTON, DC) On Tuesday June 9, 2009 Senators Joe Lieberman (ID-CT), Christopher Bond (R-MO),
Robert Casey (D-PA), Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Ben Cardin (D-MD), Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI), Mike Crapo
(R-ID) and Bernie Sanders (ID-VT) introduced the National Fish Habitat Conservation Act of 2009, a compre-
hensive strategy to support and fund for effective conservation of our national waterways and the fisheries as-
sociated with them. National Fish Habitat Conservation Act (S. 1214 - PDF)

Bill Action The legislation was spearheaded by numerous leading conservation organizations including the Asso-
ciation of Fish & Wildlife Agencies, the American Sportfishing Association, The Nature Conservancy, the Con-
gressional Sportsmen‘s Foundation, Trout Unlimited, American Fly Fishing Trade Association and several Fed-
eral and State Agencies and non-governmental organizations and other trade organizations all of which share a
common interest in the success of the National Fish Habitat Action Plan.

This legislation will address a continuing and alarming downward trend in our nation‘s fish species resulting
from loss in the amount and quality of our nation‘s most important freshwater, estuarine and marine habitats.
To date, efforts to address threats to fish species are and continue to be disjointed, and not comprehensive
enough throughout the entire nation to currently reverse this overall downward trend. Last year, the Ameri-
can Fisheries Society's Endangered Species Committee (ESC) and a U.S. Geological Survey-led team of scien-
tists conducted a detailed evaluation of the health of our nation‘s freshwater fishes. In examining the status of
continental freshwater and diadromous (migrating between rivers and oceans) fish, the ESC determined that
nearly 40 percent (700 total) of fish species in North American streams, rivers and lakes are now imperiled.
This dramatic increase in the number of imperiled fish associated habitat loss and degradation since the last
report over 20 years ago calls for the urgent action provided in the National Fish Habitat Conservation Act of

Under this legislation, federal and state governments, the recreational and commercial fishing industries, the
conservation community, and businesses will work together collectively to voluntarily conserve (protect, re-
store and enhance) our nation‘s aquatic habitats. This legislation will ensure that science-based conservation
approaches that focus on the causes of habitat degradation and not on the symptoms of the many problems
our waters face are utilized to change the trajectory of our nation‘s waters.

The National Fish Habitat Conservation Act directs critical new and existing resources toward the nation‘s fish
and aquatic communities through voluntary partnerships that have the capacity to successfully foster fish habi-
tat conservation and improve the quality of life for the American people. This Legislation leverages existing and
new federal, state, and private funds to build voluntary regional partnerships equipped to use science based
strategies and actions to solve the nation‘s biggest fisheries problems associated with habitat loss and degrada-

Commentary from Senator Joe Lieberman:
―The National Fish Habitat Conservation Act, which I introduced today along with Senators Bond, Casey, Sta-
benow, Cardin, Whitehouse, Crapo and Sanders, will revolutionize how we as a Nation approach fish habitat
conservation issues. With 40 percent of our fish populations in decline and half of our nation‘s fresh waters
already impaired, the current fragmented approach to fish habitat protection has clearly not worked and in
turn put aquatic resources preservation in a race against time. This bill encourages collaborative regional con-
servation efforts that bring together federal government agencies, state and local governments, non govern-
mental organizations, fishing industry groups, private land owners, stakeholders and businesses. I look forward
to working with my colleagues in Congress to enact this critical legislation to help conserve fish stocks and
                                                                                                    (Continued on page 9)
 Summer Edition 2009                                                                                          Page 9

(Continued from page 8)
habitat across the country.‖

To date, the National Fish Habitat Action Plan‘s progress has included:
Establishment of nine habitat partnerships including:
    Southeast Aquatic Resources Partnership
    Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture
    Western Native Trout Initiative
    Midwest Driftless Area Restoration Effort
    Matanuska-Susitna Basin Salmon Habitat Partnership
    Southwest Alaska Salmon Habitat Partnership
    Desert Fish Habitat Partnership
    Hawaii Fish Habitat Partnership
                                                                                           Artwork by Mike Pinder, DGIF
    Midwest Glacial Lakes Partnership

Allocated approximately $11 Million towards:
    On the ground habitat conservation projects through fish habitat partnerships
    The Development of a National Fish Habitat Assessment due in 2010

This legislation is expected to maintain and improve the health of not only important fish habitat, but also the
overall health and vitality of freshwater, estuarine and marine habitats and all aquatic life that rely on these
habitats throughout the United States.

Legislation that mirrors the National Fish Habitat Conservation Act that was introduced in the Senate was also
introduced in Congress by Representative Ron Kind [WI-3] on May 21, 2009.

Commentary from Fish Habitat Partners:
From Kelly Hepler, Chairman of the National Fish Habitat Board:
I would first like to express my sincere gratitude to the sponsors of the bill and their commitment to improving
the quality of life in this country,‖ said Kelly Hepler, of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game and Chairman
of the National Fish Habitat Board. ―The waterways in our country are the true lifeblood of our nation. The
National Fish Habitat Conservation Act will not only provide additional fishing opportunities but will also im-
prove the overall health of our fresh and marine waters and therefore the health of our families.‖

From Mark Tercek, President and CEO of The Nature Conservancy:
―This is a landmark bill that, if passed, would show our country is moving in the right direction to protect
freshwater and aquatic ecosystems,‖ said Mark Tercek, president and CEO of The Nature Conservancy.
―With recent studies showing that fish species are in serious decline, we are in dire need of implementing a
nationwide, comprehensive program to protect fish habitat. We need to act swiftly on this important legisla-

From Gordon Robertson, Vice President - American Sportfishing Association:
―The National Fish Habitat Conservation Act will provide new money for fish habitat conservation in this coun-
try,‖ said ASA Vice President Gordon Robertson. ―It represents a ground-up approach to fishery conservation
and is complimentary to the Sport Fish Restoration and Boating Trust Fund Act. By improving the nation‘s fish-
ery resources, the National Fish Habitat Conservation Act will also provide more recreational fishing opportu-
nities for America‘s 40 million anglers.‖

The National Fish Habitat Action Plan board and staff appreciate the leadership and commitment of Sena-
tors Lieberman, Bond, Casey, Stabenow, Cardin, Whitehouse, Crapo and Sanders along with their many col-
leagues who we hope will support this unprecedented legislation.
                                      Summer Edition 2009                                                             My Back Page
     AMERICAN                         Upcoming Meetings / Events / Deadlines:
                                      Aug 24-28 Fourth International Symposium on Fish Otolith Research and
                                       Applications Monterey, CA
                                      Aug 30-Sept 4 American Fisheries Society Annual Meeting Nashville, TN
                                      Sep 21-25 ICES Annual Meeting Berlin, Germany
                                      Nov 2-5 National Forum on Contaminants in Fish Portland, OR. Hosted by
                                       the EPA

                                     Websites of Potential Utility:
                                     EPA Ecoregions Subdivisions
                                       This website details all the ecoregion subdivisions, providing some useful descriptors
                                       for study sites and potentially some guidance for site selection (nice colors too.)
                                     NSF Digital Morphology Library
                                      Intense images of skeletal morphology for a whole slew of organisms, including — you
    Direct all communications
   regarding the newsletter to:       guessed it — fish!

       Robert Humston
 Washington and Lee University
    Department of Biology
                                     Recent & Forthcoming Papers of Interest:
        Lexington, VA
                                       Harvey, B.C., J.L. White, and R.J. Nakamoto. 2009. The Effect of Deposited Fine Sediment
   E-mail:                on Summer Survival and Growth of Rainbow Trout in Riffles of a Small Stream. North
                                           American Journal of Fisheries Management 29:434-441.
                                       Gibson-Reinemer, D.K. and 5 co-authors. 2009. Elemental signatures in otoliths of hatch-
                                           ery rainbow trout: distinctiveness and utility for detecting origins and movement. Cana-
                                           dian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 66:513-524.
                                       Meador, M.R. and D.M. Carlisle. 2009. Predictive models for fish assemblages in Eastern US
                                           streams: implications for assessing biodiversity. Transactions of the American Fisheries
                                           Society 138:725-740.
                                       Checkley, D.M., and 5 co-authors. 2009. Elevated CO2 enhances otolith growth in young
                                           fish. Science 324:1683.
                                       Allison, E.H. and 10 co-authors. 2009. Vulnerability of national economies to the impacts of
                                           climate change on fisheries. Fish and Fisheries 10:173-196.
                                       McGarvey, R. 2009. Methods of estimating mortality and movement rates from single-tag
                                           recovery data that are unbiased by tag non-reporting. Reviews in Fisheries Science
                                       Jiao, Y. 2009. Regime shift in marine ecosystems and implications for fisheries management,
                                           a review. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 19:177-191
                                       Humston, R., B.M. Priest, W.C. Hamilton, and P.E. Bugas. In press. Dispersal between tribu-
    Visit us on the Web at:                tary and mainstem rivers by juvenile smallmouth bass evaluated using otolith microchem-
                                           istry. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society.
                                       And here are two particularly fun reads:
                                       Leprieur and 5 co-authors. 2009. Scientific uncertainty and the assessment of risks posed by
                                           non-native freshwater fishes. Fish and Fisheries 10:88-97.
                                       With rejoinder by:
                                       Vitule, J.R.S., C.A. Freire, and D. Simberloff. 2009. Introduction of non-native freshwater fish
                                           can certainly be bad. Fish and Fisheries 10:98-108.

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