Ham315 The Information Society
Global IT Policies (Europe and America)
• Last reminder: The essay is due OCTOBER 4
• Extensions will be very hard to come by.
• There was a problem with the taping of last week’s lecture, so the short answer
question on digital broadcasting is out of the exam. The multiple choice question
on the reading remains.
• I’ll be in Canberra most of nest week, and may be pretty hard to contact.
• IT&T industry is global
• Europe and US
• protection of local industry
• Various agendas
National Approaches to IT
• national approached to IT.
• grand visions
• All these
• Vision statements diverge on 4 key points:
• Level of detail
• Level of infrastructure support
• Connection of IT&T policy to broader national objectives
• Centrality of the Internet
Key Ingredients of National Strategies
• Roles of govt., industry and broader community.
• Coordination of policy development and implementation.
• New market, player and service definitions.
• Reduced regulatory asymmetry.
• Balancing trade-offs between multiple policy objectives.
• Balancing costs and benefits to different stakeholders.
• Understanding demand.
IT&T in Europe
• pioneering collaborative communities
• disparate policies
• different telecoms infrastructures
• “national champions”
• international cooperation
• cooperation rather than competition.
Policy us being shaped by 8 key principles:
1. Market forces must drive IT
2. Universal service + network interconnection.
3. Financing the info society is the private sector’s job.
4. Cultural and Linguistic diversity must be promoted and protected.
5. Personal Privacy must be promoted (data security)
6. Cooperation should be developed with less economically advanced countries.
7. Economic Operators must be made aware of the advantages the info society
8. People to be given appropriate training.
• good in theory
• tech determinist pecking order
US IT&T Policies
• 1980s Polices enacted allowing existing FTA into new media
• 1980s Breakup of AT&T into regionals
• 1991- “US High Performance Computing Act” was authored by Al Gore. Was
first sign of new emphasis on computing.
• 1993 “National Information Infrastructure: An Agenda for Action” – marked
release if US Superhighway policy.
• 1994 NII in Clinton’s “Blue Book” document
• 1994 CDA introduced into Congress
• 1995 GII recommended
• 1996 CDA found unconstitutional
• 1998 COPA (son of CDA) update returns to Congress. Again defeated
• 1999 Networking Computing for the 21st Century (Called for accelerated
spending on IT)
• 2000 Info Technology for the 21st Century (US $366m budget.)
• 2001 Schools and libraries forced to use filtering software
US Policy Implications
• a strong emphasis on private
• USO and coordinating
• Has not always gone smoothly
• regional areas.
• world economic dominance
• social and cultural impacts.
Does it Matter Anyway?
• multi-national corps
• US Courts