Movement Concepts and Themes Movement concepts and themes are a focus of the developmental level I (grades K-2) physical education program. Movement theme categories are: Body Awareness – What the body can perform; actions of the whole body and specific body parts, activities of the body, an shapes the body can assume Space Awareness – Where the body can move; directions, pathways, levels, planes, and extensions. Effort/Qualities of movement – How the body moves; qualities are time, space, force, and flow Relationships – To Whom or to What the body relates; involve interactions between body parts, people, and equipment Body awareness* Space Awareness* Effort/Qualities* Relationships* Shapes Areas Time or speed Body parts Wide/narrow General and personal Slow/fast/quick Above/below Stretched/curled Planes Acceleration/deceleration Across/around Crooked/straight Horizontal Even/uneven Between/alongside Large/small Vertical Flow In front of/behind Bridges diagonal Rough/jerky Into/out of Actions Levels Smooth/free On/off Balance High Ongoing/stoppable On top of/underneath Flight Medium Force Individuals and groups Support weight Low Firm/strong Act/react Receive weight Extensions Fine/light Mirroring/matching Transfer weight Large Sudden/sustained Contrasting Take weight on hands small Heavily Act/react Apply force Pathways Softly Lead/follow Movement skills Straight/curved Space Equipment Locomotor Zigzag Indirect/flexible Near/far Non-locomotor Twisted Directly/straight Over/under Manipulative Directions Forward/backward Sideways Upward/downward Diagonal *This is not an exhaustive list Modified from: th Pangrazi, R. (2007). Dynamic Physical Education for Elementary School Children (15 ed.). Benjamin Cummings: San Francisco. nd Werner, P. (2004). Teaching Children Gymnastics (2 ed.). Human Kinetics: Champaign.
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