Movement Concepts and Themes by Ua4DeN1t

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									                                Movement Concepts and Themes

Movement concepts and themes are a focus of the developmental level I (grades K-2) physical education
program. Movement theme categories are:

        Body Awareness – What the body can perform; actions of the whole body and specific body
         parts, activities of the body, an shapes the body can assume
        Space Awareness – Where the body can move; directions, pathways, levels, planes, and
         extensions.
        Effort/Qualities of movement – How the body moves; qualities are time, space, force, and flow
        Relationships – To Whom or to What the body relates; involve interactions between body parts,
         people, and equipment

  Body awareness*               Space Awareness*                   Effort/Qualities*                Relationships*
Shapes                        Areas                             Time or speed                  Body parts
Wide/narrow                   General and personal              Slow/fast/quick                Above/below
Stretched/curled              Planes                            Acceleration/deceleration      Across/around
Crooked/straight              Horizontal                        Even/uneven                    Between/alongside
Large/small                   Vertical                          Flow                           In front of/behind
Bridges                       diagonal                          Rough/jerky                    Into/out of
Actions                       Levels                            Smooth/free                    On/off
Balance                       High                              Ongoing/stoppable              On top of/underneath
Flight                        Medium                            Force                          Individuals and groups
Support weight                Low                               Firm/strong                    Act/react
Receive weight                Extensions                        Fine/light                     Mirroring/matching
Transfer weight               Large                             Sudden/sustained               Contrasting
Take weight on hands          small                             Heavily                        Act/react
Apply force                   Pathways                          Softly                         Lead/follow
Movement skills               Straight/curved                   Space                          Equipment
Locomotor                     Zigzag                            Indirect/flexible              Near/far
Non-locomotor                 Twisted                           Directly/straight              Over/under
Manipulative                  Directions
                              Forward/backward
                              Sideways
                              Upward/downward
                              Diagonal


*This is not an exhaustive list

Modified from:

                                                                                         th
          Pangrazi, R. (2007). Dynamic Physical Education for Elementary School Children (15 ed.). Benjamin Cummings: San
Francisco.

                                                           nd
         Werner, P. (2004). Teaching Children Gymnastics (2 ed.). Human Kinetics: Champaign.

								
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