GWERS 57 CYFLWYNYDD: NOD: ANN M. JONES
Cymharu pobl, pethau a lleoedd (Comparing people, things and places - by using the Equative Degree of the adjective).
Geirfa tal tenau golau swnllyd ifanc da mawr pell brwnt (SW) budr (NW) gwledig sych oer hot diddorol melys meddal byr llaethog eleni last year rhaglen f film drama f novel interesting sweet soft short milky this year diflas sur caled hir y llynedd boring sour hard, difficult long tall thin light, fair noisy young good big, large far dirty rural dry byr tew tywyll tawel hen drwg bach short fat dark quiet old bad, naughty small, little near, close to clean busy industrial wet -
agos glân prysur diwydiannol gwlyb cold poeth
programme ffilm f play nofel f
RHAN I 1. mor .….. â / ag mor dal â / ag mor fyr â / ag mor denau â / ag as .….. as as tall as as short as as thin as
mor dew â / ag
as fat as
2. Notice the Soft Mutation after ‘mor’ tenau pell melys golau mor mor mor mor denau â / ag bell â / ag felys â / ag olau â / ag
3. ‘â’ is used in front of a consonant and ‘ag’ is used in front of a vowel. mor mor mor mor dew â mochyn dew ag eliffant bell â Llundain bell ag Aberaeron
4. Notice that 'â' causes an Aspirate Mutation in any word that follows it c p t > > > ch ph th
mor bell â Chaerffili mor swnllyd â Phontypridd mor lân â Thywyn 5. Examples (a) Describing people Mae Bob yn dal. - Bob is tall. Mae Tom mor dal â Bob (mor dal ag e). - Tom is as tall as Bob (as tall as he). Roedd Marilyn Monroe yn olau. - Marilyn Monroe was fair. Roedd Jayne Mansfield mor olau â Marilyn Monroe / hi. - Jayne Mansfield was as fair as Marilyn Monroe / her (she). Mae Bill yn dew.
- Bill is fat. Ydy! Mae e mor dew ag eliffant! - Yes! He's as fat as an eliffant! Mae Mair yn swnllyd. - Mair is noisy. Dydy Siân ddim mor swnllyd â Mair (hi). - Siân isn't as noisy as Mair (she). (b) Describing places Mae Llundain yn bell o Gaerdydd. - London is far from Cardiff. Mae Wolverhampton mor bell â Llundain o Gaerdydd. - Wolverhampton is as far as London from Cardiff. Mae Caernarfon yn agos i Fangor. - Caernarfon is near to Bangor. Dydy Aberystwyth ddim mor agos â Chaernarfon. - Aberystwyth isn't as near as Caernarfon. Dydy Llandudno ddim mor ddiwydiannol â Phort Talbot. - Llandudno isn't as industrial as PortTalbot. Mae Aberhonddu mor wledig ag Aberaeron. - Brecon is as rural as Aberaeron.
RHAN 2 1. Describing things Mae car Cennard mor swnllyd â char Basil. - Cennard's car is as noisy as Basil's car. Doedd y tywydd ddoe ddim mor oer â heddiw. - The weather yesterday wasn't as cold as today. Dydy 'War and Peace' ddim mor ddiddorol â 'Dr Zhivago'. - 'War and Peace' isn't as interesting as 'Dr Zhivago'. Dydy siocled tywyll ddim mor felys â siocled llaethog. - Dark chocolate isn't as sweet as milk chocolate. Ydy leim mor sur â lemwn? - Ydy! - Is lime as sour as a lemon? - Yes!
2. Some adjectives are irregular and so must be learnt separately. da drwg mawr bach cystal â / ag cynddrwg â / ag cymaint â / ag cyn lleied â / ag as good as as bad / naughty as as big / much as as small / little as
Oedd y parti eleni cystal â'r llynedd? - Was the party this year as good as last year? Mae Tom cynddrwg â Siôn. - Tom is as bad (naughty) as Siôn. Ydy Llundain cymaint â Pharis? - Is London as big as Paris? Dydy Tregaron ddim cyn lleied â Llanuwchllyn. - Tregaron isn't as small as Llanuwchllyn.