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Gerald A. Kincaid, LTC, USA (ret) The Gilder Lehrman Institute Cartoon 1, “Universal Advice to Abraham” Gettysburg College July 2008 Universal Advice to Abraham DROP ‘EM! Political Cartoon, Harpers Weekly, Jan 10, 1863. Online at, failures.http://www.abrahamlincolnsclassroom.org/Cartoon_Corner/index3.asp?ID =184&TypeID=4 Discussion points. 1. In this political cartoon Lincoln is holding two men over “MERITED OBLIVION.” One is a general, the other a civilian. What is “merited oblivion” and who are the men in the cartoon? 2. Dates are usually essential to understanding political Cartoons. Why is the date, early 1863, key in this cartoon? What are union circumstances during this period? 3. The cartoon, drawn by Louis Stephens, appeared in the January 10th edition of Harper’s Weekly. Stephens obviously wants Lincoln to drop the two men, why? 4. What did Lincoln do with the officials? In general, was Lincoln loyal to subordinates? What do you think their eventual fate of the two says about Lincoln’s leadership? 5. What additional symbolism do you see in the cartoon? Explain. 6. Is this a pro-Lincoln cartoon? Why or why not? Gerald A. Kincaid, LTC, USA (ret) The Gilder Lehrman Institute Cartoon 2, “A Little Joke” Gettysburg College July 2008 COLUMBIA. "Where are my 15,000 Sons—murdered at Fredericksburg?" LINCOLN. "This reminds me of a little Joke—" COLUMBIA. "Go tell your Joke AT SPRINGFIELD!!" Political Cartoon, Harpers Weekly, Jan 3, 1863. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1863/january/fredericksburg- cartoon.htm Discussion points. 1. In this cartoon Columbia angrily demands Lincoln tell her “Where are my 15,000 sons murdered at Fredericksburg?” Who does Columbia represent? Who else is represented in the cartoon? 2. Why is the date of the cartoon essential to understanding the Cartoonist’s message? Given recent events, is Columbia justified in being displeased with Lincoln? 3. Given Lincoln’s response to Columbia, what is the Cartoonist saying about Lincoln? 4. Compare and contrast this cartoon with the “Universal Advice to Abraham” cartoon which deals with essentially the same subject. 5. What symbols do you see in the cartoon? Explain. 6. Is this a pro-Lincoln cartoon? Why or why not?
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