GAUTENG DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Document Sample
GAUTENG DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Powered By Docstoc
					                                            INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY SG
                                                                    905-2/0D         2


                            GAUTENG DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
                                  SENIOR CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION


                                                        INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY SG

                                                        TIME: 3 hours

                                                        MARKS: 300



INSTRUCTIONS:

     Answer any SIX questions.

     Write neatly and legibly.


                                        QUESTION 1

1.1      Which FOUR elements are required before a deed qualifies as a crime?            (4)
1.2      Name the SIX classes of crime according to the South African Code List of
         crimes.                                                                         (6)
1.3      List FIVE ways in which a criminal disadvantages himself.                       (5)
1.4      Define the concept deviant behaviour.                                           (4)
1.5      Name FIVE differences between a juvenile court and a children’s court.          (5)
1.6      Make a list of SEVEN types of treatment programmes which are utilised in
         industrial schools.                                                             (7)
1.7      When does the law define a person as a child?                                   (1)
1.8      Name THREE categories of courts in South Africa.                                (3)
1.9      What are the FIVE motives for punishment?                                       (5)
1.10     Make a list of SIX characteristics of a juvenile gang.                          (6)
1.11     Name FOUR methods to prevent crime and victimisation.                           (4)

                                                                                      [50]

                                        QUESTION 2

2.1      Discuss the role of the following factors in the causation of crime:

         2.1.1   Adolescence                                                          (10)
         2.1.2   Abnormal sexual development                                           (8)
         2.1.3   Self-concept, stress, aggression and depression                       (8)
         2.1.4   Urbanisation                                                          (6)
         2.1.5   The incomplete family                                                (10)

2.2      Discuss factors in the home and family which can prevent crime.                 (8)

                                                                                      [50]

                                                                                     P.T.O.
                                         INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY SG
                                                                 905-2/0D               3


                                   QUESTION 3

3.1   Discuss the causes of gang formation.                                              (15)
3.2   Discuss the role of the community in crime prevention.                             (15)
3.3   Discuss (the principles of) community policing.                                    (20)

                                                                                         [50]

                                   QUESTION 4

Explain the consequences of crime with reference to the following subsections:

4.1   Consequences for the criminal                                                      (15)
4.2   Consequences for the family of the criminal                                        (15)
4.3   Consequences for the victim                                                        (10)
4.4   Consequences for the community and the state                                       (10)

                                                                                         [50]

                                   QUESTION 5

Describe the causes of crime with reference to the following aspects:

5.1   Psychological causes:

      5.1.1   Self-concept                                                                  (5)
      5.1.2   Stress                                                                        (5)
      5.1.3   Aggression                                                                    (5)
      5.1.4   Depression                                                                    (5)

5.2   Sociological causes:

      5.2.1   Incomplete family and the broken home                                      (10)
      5.2.2   Migrating family                                                           (10)
      5.2.3   Discipline in the family                                                   (10)

                                                                                         [50]

                                   QUESTION 6

6.1   Analyse the following contributions to the understanding and explanation of the
      consequences of crime:

      6.1.1 Merton’s anomie theory                                                       (10)
      6.1.2 Cohen’s theory of the delinquent subculture                                  (15)
      6.1.3 Sutherland’s theory of differential association                              (10)

6.2   Discuss the consequences of crime for the family.                                  (15)

                                                                                         [50]



                                                                                        P.T.O.
                                            INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY SG
                                                                    905-2/0D           4


                                      QUESTION 7

Describe the role of the following institutions in the prevention of crime:

7.1    The family                                                                      (15)
7.2    The school                                                                      (15)
7.3    The police                                                                      (15)
7.4    Correctional services                                                            (5)

                                                                                       [50]

                                      QUESTION 8

8.1    Discuss the following:

       8.1.1 The reasons for crime in businesses                                       (10)
       8.1.2 The prevention of crime in businesses                                      (5)

8.2    Make a list of SIX types of organised crimes.                                       (6)
8.3    Make a list of FOUR ways in which organised crimes can be prevented.                (4)
8.4    Make a list of the EIGHT types of criminals identified by Abrahamsen.               (8)
8.5    Make a list of the THREE types of criminals identified by Lombroso.                 (3)
8.6    Name the THREE types of criminals identified by Vetter and Silverman.               (3)
8.7    Boys are more involved with economic offences than girls. Make a list of FIVE
       reasons why this is the case.                                                       (5)
8.8    Girls appear in court more often for sexual offences than boys. Give SIX
       reasons why this may be the case.                                                   (6)

                                                                                       [50]

                                                                                 TOTAL: 300




                                                END

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:139
posted:12/3/2011
language:English
pages:3