Sudan Darfur by liaoqinmei

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 13

									Africa
1890
Africa
1914
 Africa
Culture
Regions
Today…

 Does it
  match
 current
 country
borders??
• European Motives for Colonization
                          Source for
                                            European
                          Raw
                          Materials         Nationalism
      Industrial                                                Missionary
      Revolution                                                Activity



                          European
            Markets for
                          Motives                                   Military
            Finished
            Goods
                                                                    & Naval
                          For Colonization                          Bases

Social
Darwinism

                                                               Places to
            European                                           Dump
            Racism                                             Unwanted/
                                                               Excess Popul.

                             Humanitarian      Soc. & Eco.
                “White       Reasons           Opportunities
                Man’s
                Burden”
Africa
Today
                    War in Darfur
•The War in the Darfur region of western Sudan began in 2003
& continues today. The region is the site of an ongoing
genocide of catastrophic proportions.

•African Rebels claimed that ethnic Arab groups in Sudan
were being favored over the black Africans in the Darfur
region of Sudan.

•Conflict is said to be due to ethnic differences, rather than
religious. However, the various tribes under attack do not
appear to actually have a distinct ethnicity from their attackers.

2003: Violence erupted in the Darfur region when black African
rebels (“Sudan Liberation Army” & the “ Justice & Equality
Movement) began attacking government targets.”
                 War in Darfur
• The Sudanese government, mobilized "self-
  defense militias” (Janjaweed) ,brutally killing up to
  400,000 people and forcing an estimated 2.5
  million to flee the country or live in displacement
  camps.
   Note: The Sudanese government has denied
     links to the Janjaweed -- fighters from Arab-
     speaking African tribes blamed for the worst
     atrocities in Darfur. This claim is not believed by
     most of the Western World.
Sudanese officials, say only 10,000 have died in the
  fighting and have rejected claims, that genocide is
  taking place.
Humanitarian Aid Organizations
Recently Banished from Darfur
• March 2009: In reaction to the ICC’s
  (International Criminal Court) issuance of an
  arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar al-
  Bashir, he expelled 13 INGOs (Int’l Non
  Governmental Organizations), banishing half of
  the humanitarian workforce and crippling the
  agencies that remain.

• Without the INGOs to provide water, food, and
  medical services, the situation in Darfur is
  becoming increasingly desperate.
  Sierra Leone & Conflict Diamonds
• 1991-2002 Civil War: The rebel group Revolutionary United Front
  (RUF) launched assaults against the government in 1991. Goal: To
  combat crime & corruption by the government. RUF took control of the
  diamond mines and sold diamonds to foreigners in exchange for
  weapons for their Civil War.

• The RUF enslaved children & adults to work in the diamond mines.
  Work conditions were horrible, and anyone opposed to the RUF's
  methods & practices were brutally punished. Abducted Child Soldiers
  made up much of the RUF army and diamond mine workers.

• All this was unknown to or ignored by the outside world for many years.

• 1999: The UN deployed troops to Sierra Leone. Since then, sanctions
  have been put in place to stop these activities.
      Zimbabwe
• Robert Mugabe – President of Zimbabwe

• Since the beginning of his presidency in
  1980 he has been responsible for the
  death of millions of his people.

• His military is responsible for torturing
  and/or brutally murdering people who
  work for or support the oppositions
  political party.

• Has ruined the economy of Zimbabwe in
  his 30 yrs in office -was prosperous
  when he took office

• Many people are calling for him to step
  down.
 Apartheid in S.Africa
• 1948-1994: Legal racial segregation
  (apartheid) was enforced by the
  white/British gov’t in S. Africa

• 1990: S. African President deKlerk
  began negotiations to end apartheid.

• 1994: Nelson Mandela of African
  National Congress became president
  after serving 27 years in prison for
  crimes committed while leading a
  movement against apartheid.
        Top 10 World’s Most
         Wanted Criminals

    Can you guess who any of
        them might be??
• http://www.forbes.com/2008/04/25/crime-
  binladen-guzman-biz-
  cz_nv_0425mostwanted_slide_2.html?thisS
  peed=undefined

								
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