FISHBONES Orienteering ROCKS _

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FISHBONES Orienteering ROCKS _ Powered By Docstoc
               August 16th & 17th, 2008

Orienteering                              ROCKS !

                  August 20th, 2008
                                                  Table of Contents

Welcome from the Premier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 Pg. 3
Welcome from the COF and ONB Presidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                Pg. 4
Schedule at a glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         Pg. 5
Fishbones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    Pg. 6
       Course Setter’s Notes, Fishbones Sprint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             Pg. 10
       Course Setter’s Notes, Fishbones Middle/Long . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                    Pg. 12
Saas Peepre National Junior Training Camp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              Pg. 17
2008 COF Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              Pg. 20
Orienteering Rocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           Pg. 24
       Course setter’s notes for orienteering rocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              Pg. 27
2008 COC’s a Short A to Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                Pg. 31
2008 COC Sprint Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              Pg. 37
       Course Setter’s Notes COC Sprint/WRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                  Pg. 38
Model Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      Pg. 41
COC Banquet and Silent Auction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       Pg. 42
2008 COC Middle Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                Pg. 43
       Course Setter’s Notes COC Middle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                            Pg. 44
COF AGM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        Pg. 48
       Motions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       Pg. 49
Overview of Business discussed at 2007 AGM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                               Pg. 51
Ice Cream Social . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       Pg. 53
2008 COC Long Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              Pg. 53
       Course Setter’s Notes COC Long . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          Pg. 54
Tips on Orienteering in Fundy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  Pg. 56
The Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   Pg. 59
Sponsors/Supporters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            Pg. 60

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                                 As Premier of New Brunswick, I would like to welcome all orienteers,
                                 juniors, seniors, super seniors, elite and recreational, to New Brunswick
                                 for the 2008 Canadian Orienteering Championships.

                                 The Canadian Orienteering Championships is a great opportunity for all
                                 participants to test their skills against other orienteers from all across
                                 Canada and enjoy an activity they love in an environment of

                                 I would like to wish all visitors to our province a pleasant stay. I know
                                 that you will find the Fundy National Park an excellent and beautiful
                                 venue for this championship.

                                 Finally, my sincere congratulations to Orienteering New Brunswick for
                                 doing such an excellent job planning an event of this magnitude.

I am sure that by all accounts the 2008 Canadian Orienteering Championships will be a huge success.

À titre de premier ministre du Nouveau-Brunswick, je souhaite la bienvenue à tous les coureurs de niveau
junior, senior ou senior avancé, les coureurs d’occasion et les coureurs d'élite qui participent au championnat
canadien de course d'orientation 2008.

Ce championnat constitue une excellente occasion pour les participants de se mesurer à d’autres coureurs de
partout au Canada et de pratiquer une activité qu’ils aiment dans un milieu où l’on favorise l'esprit sportif.

Je souhaite aussi à tous les visiteurs un séjour agréable dans notre province. Vous serez sans aucun doute
d’accord avec moi pour dire que le parc national du Canada Fundy constitue un excellent et magnifique endroit
où tenir ce championnat.

Finalement, je désire féliciter Orientation Nouveau-Brunswick pour tous les efforts qu’elle a consacrés à
l’organisation de cette activité d’envergure.

Je suis convaincu que le championnat canadien de course d’orientation 2008 connaîtra un franc succès.

                                 Shawn Graham Premier / Premier ministre

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                          Welcome to the 2008 Canadian Orienteering Championships.
                          It’s an action packed week with the Fishbones events, the Sass
                          Peepre National Junior Training Camp, the COF conference and
                          Annual General Meeting, the various social events, the unique
                          Hopewell Rocks sprint and the 3 championship events – which
                          includes two world ranking events. Thanks to all the participants
                          for coming to Fundy National Park and I wish you all a great and
                          fun races and activities this week.

Orienteering is the most labour-intensive sport going…. and we all know that we
wouldn’t have any orienteering in Canada without the work of volunteers who put on
events so that we can do the sport we love. Please do take the time to acknowledge and
thank the organizers for their hundreds and hundreds of hours of work to create this
special week of events.

Bring on the lobster...

                                                                 Charlotte MacNaughton
                                              President, Canadian Orienteering Federation

                    Welcome to New Brunswick.

                   Thank you for coming all this way to our home province. The
                   members of Orienteering NB have had the opportunity to travel great
                   distances to many of your events over the eight years since we last
                   hosted the Canadian Championships. Now it is our turn to return the
                   favour. We can guarantee that you will return home with fond
memories of friends (and new friends), fun and memorable orienteering. Please let the
volunteers know of your appreciation as they have been the key to our success.


                                                                              David Ross,
                                                              President of Orienteering NB

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                               Schedule at a glance

Event Programme
* August 16 Saturday, Fishbones, sprint & middle, Rockwood Park, Saint John, NB
* August 17 Sunday Fishbones long distance, Rockwood Park, Saint John, NB
* August 21 Thursday Fun Sprint Hopewell Cape Rocks Provincial Park
* August 22 Friday Model Event, Alma, Fundy Park
* August 22 Friday WRE and COC sprint event, Alma, Fundy Park
* August 23 Saturday WRE and COC middle distance event, Alma, Fundy Park
* August 24 Sunday COC long distance event Alma Fundy Park

Ancillary Activities
* August 17-20 Sunday - Wednesday Sass Peepre National Junior training camp
* August 20-23 Wednesday - Saturday COF Conference, Alma Activity Centre
* August 22 Friday COC Banquet and Auction, Alma Activity Centre
* August 23 Saturday COF Annual General Meeting, Alma Activity Centre
* August 23 Saturday Ice Cream Social, Alma Activity Centre

                         New Brunswick Essentials (*)
                   (*, From the New Brunswick Book of Everything)

Origin of the name: New Brunswick borrowed its name from the duchy of New
Brunswick in Germany. This duchy was in the possession of Britain’s King George III in
1784, the year New Brunswick was established.

Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored)

Provincial Flag: Adopted in 1965, The New Brunswick provincial flag is based on the
provincial coat of arms, first designated in 1868. The yellow background is dominated by
a galley ship symbolizing the importance of shipbuilding. The ship sails on waves of
white and blue. The lion across the top of the flag represents the provinces connection
with England.

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August 16-17, 2008
Rockwood Park, Saint John, NB

Sprint (1:5000) August 16. First start 12:00 noon
Middle distance (1:10,000) August 16. First start 3:00pm
Long distance (1:10,000) August 17. First start 12:00 noon


A team of Mike Smith, Wil Smith, and Holger Hott

Registration and Information:

Rockwood Park has kindly donated the use of their Interpretation Center for the
Fishbones Crew. Information about the Park and the location of the events can be
obtained at the interpretation center. Registration packages can also be picked up there.
The registration center will be open from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Saturday and Sunday.
Ph# (506) 658-2883 or (506) 658-2829

Getting There: (Quick tip - Follow the Blue & W hite Campground Signs along City Streets)

(Coming from Moncton / Sussex) Traveling westbound on Highway #1, take exit 125.
Stay in right hand lane; turn right at the lights onto Mount Pleasant Avenue. The entrance
to Rockwood Park entrance is the second right. Enter the park here. The Interpretation
Centre is the second building upon entering the Park. Parking is available behind the

(Coming from St. Stephen / Fredericton) Heading east bound on Highway #1,
cross the Harbour Bridge at the toll gates, take exit 123 Turn Right at lights and
travel on Somerset Street to the first set of lights. Turn left on Garden Street and go
towards the Irving Gas Station. Merge right onto City Road. Follow City road to
Haymarket Square. City Road ends at the lights at Haymarket Square. Pass through the
lights and take the right lane exit onto the overpass. Follow the overpass through the
lights (Mt Pleasant / Seeley Street Intersection). The second right turn after the lights is

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the Lily Lake entrance to Rockwood Park. The Interpretation Centre is the second
building upon entering the Park.

Miscellaneous Information:

There will be no baby sitting service at the Fishbones events.

Parking may be scarce. Orienteers are advised to carpool whenever possible, and to arrive
early rather than late to have the best chance of getting a decent parking spot. Awards for
Fishbones will be based on 3-event total time, and will be presented after the race on

Fishbones – Basic Info

First of all, welcome to the friendly Maritimes, and the inaugural Fishbones Orienteering

We’ve modeled ourselves on the well-known Barebones Orienteering events, and we aim
to share a relaxed atmosphere and some good orienteering with you this weekend. This is
a no-frills event, where the main goals for us are:
    1. Enjoy a friendly and casual atmosphere all weekend long
    2. Experience some nice orienteering in Rockwood Park
    3. Put away the rulebooks and let common sense prevail
    4. Not experience anything that would make us regret offering to host this event

We’ve put together some basic information to help you make it to the meet, and give you
a heads-up on what to expect over the weekend.

The races are all being held in Saint John’s fabulous Rockwood Park. This has been an
orienteering area for about 30 years, and features some of the most interesting and
challenging orienteering that the Maritimes has to offer. For those planning on
continuing to the Canadian Championships in Fundy National Park next weekend, this
will serve as a great opportunity to gain experience in New Brunswick’s coastal terrain
and the challenges it has to offer. While the Fundy terrain is relatively unique among the
mapped areas of New Brunswick, Rockwood Park is probably the most similar of all the

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maps we have to offer. It’s not a brand new map by any means, but it’s still surprisingly
good and the terrain can be a lot of fun.

The most important thing to do as far as getting off to a good start on the weekend is to
find the registration area. This will be open from about 10:00 AM on Saturday morning
(possibly earlier if we’re ahead of schedule), and will be located in the Rockwood Park
interpretation center / visitor center, which is situated on the eastern edge of Lily Lake.
We’ll try to get some signs up, but giving driving directions is actually quite tricky, and
you’re better off to find a map of Saint John or locate the area on one of the online map
services and printing your own directions off from there.

Although the weather forecast appears to be favorable, the rooms in the interpretive
center will be available to us form 0900-1700 on both Saturday and Sunday, just in case
we need some shelter from the elements. There are also washrooms in the building, and
there is parking for about 15 cars immediately behind the building.

The finish lines for the orienteering races are actually located at a different parking area,
some 700 m away. These are at the main parking lot to the west of Fisher Lake. A map
will be provided at the registration desk to show you how to get there. We suggest
parking in that parking lot, as we do plan to have some refreshments after each race, and
you’ll probably find it more convenient to be parked close to the finish areas anyway.
Besides, there is a beach and playground close by, as well as grassy spots for a picnic or
even sunbathing. Toilets are located about 250 m from that parking area, adjacent to the
beach area. Because the park tends to be quite busy in the summer, we suggest arriving
early-ish, in order to avoid being disappointed by a full parking lot and having to park in
one of the overflow areas.

Some requests for early or late starts have been made. We’d like to say up front that we
are very flexible with start times, and because there is a punch start, we’ll let you start in
any empty slot (earlier or later than your assigned start time) you like without any
penalty. We hope most people will start at the assigned time, but we definitely
understand there will be circumstances (travel delays, childcare, oops-I-totally-forgot,
my-watch-just-died…) in which that just isn’t feasible. Relax, we’ve got you covered….
We’ll plan to have the first start for the Sprint race at noon, and because we need those
controls for the middle distance courses later in the afternoon, we’ll need to be taking the
controls in by 2pm at the very latest – and hopefully earlier if everybody is in. We’ll

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update you with the time of the first middle distance start once we’ve got those controls
out there; we’ll try to get started as early as we can. If you miss your start time, don’t
worry – we’ll get you out there as soon as possible, without any penalty.

Note that it is possible that some controls do not have a manual punch backup. In the
event of an SI failure, please tell the finish crew. We’ll trust in your honesty!
All maps are printed at 1 : 10 000, with a 5m contour interval. They are sealed in plastic,
and have control descriptions printed on the front. There is no legend on the map, but if
you need one please ask and we’ll provide you with a separate sheet. Separate control
descriptions will be available at the start.

We will have basic first aid (and some experienced emergency medicine physicians!)
available on-site. The closest hospital is the Saint John Regional Hospital, which is just a
few kilometers to the northwest of the meet site.

Refreshments will be provided at the finish area, and everyone is welcome to bring a
picnic lunch and swimsuit, to enjoy a nice day by the side of the lake after the race.
Finally, please take a moment to give a big Thank You to all of our volunteers, who have
agreed to come out to the Park this weekend and help make this event a success!

We hope you enjoy the races and the terrain. Looking forward to seeing you in the

Holger Hott, Mike Smith, and Wil Smith.

                                                                                   Page -9-
Sprint Courses and Classes
 Course                                      1                         2                         3

 Difficulty                           Intermediate              Intermediate              Intermediate

 Classes, M en                     M 12                     M 15-16                   M 17-20
                                   M 13-14                  M 21-34A                  M 21-34E
                                   M 65-74                  M 55-64                   M 35-44
                                   M 75+                                              M 45-54

 Classes, W omen                   F12                      F15-16
                                   F13-14                   F17-20
                                   F55-64                   F21-34A                   F21-34E
                                   F65-74                   F35-44
                                   F75+                     F45-54

 Open                                    Open-1                    Open-2                    Open-3

This event is also part of the 2008 North American Sprint Series (50 points). See

Course Setter’s Notes, Fishbones Sprint: The setting for the Fishbones Sprint is
the parkland surrounding the Fisher Lakes. The map has undergone a series of updates
over the years but remains a forest map, originally made in 1:15,000 scale. The sprint
map has been retouched slightly and updated as recently as spring of 2008 but remains in
ISOM2000 standard.

As you will come to appreciate, the forest is dense in places and so the courses have been
set to take advantage of the paved auto trail as well as a network of smaller footpaths and
horse paths. As this is a popular public park, you may encounter horses and other
pedestrians during this event. Similarly, slow moving vehicles circulate around the auto
trail in a counter-clockwise direction. Please make an effort to pass safely.

Those who have not run their course are asked to keep to the indicated warm-up area.
After your race, please feel free to re-enter the terrain to spectate and relax in the park
area. A limited amount of tent shelter will be available in case of inclement weather.
As a significant portion of the courses follow paved paths, I would recommend wearing
trail shoes without studs. If it happens to be wet and slippery on the day of the race, O-
shoes may be an advantage. It is also possible to run on the shoulder of the roads and
avoid most pavement. Full leg cover is recommended.

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Middle Distance Courses and Classes
 Course                 1            2            3                4         5              6
 Distance            1.8 km       2.1 km,      2.5 km,         3.0 km,    3.3 km,       3.9 km,
 Climb               70 m         100 m        120 m            155 m     170 m          200 m
 Controls              10           11           12               17        18             19

 M en's Classes     M -12        M 13-14      M 15-16      M 21-34A,     M 17-20,      M 21-34E
                                                           M 45-54, M    M 35-44
                                                           55-64, M

 W omen's           F -12        F13-14       F15-16       F 17-20, F    F 21-34E
 Classes                                                   21-34A, F
                                                           35-44, F
                                                           45-54, F
                                                           55-64, F

 Open Classes       Open 1       Open 2       Open 3       Open 4        Open 5

 Groups             Group1       Group 2      Group 3

Long Distance Courses and Classes
 Course                   1             2          3             4             5            6
 Distance              1.6 km,      1.7 km,     3.5 km,    4.5 km, 160   6.3 km, 220     7.6 km,
 Climb                 60 m,        70 m,      140 m, 11        m,            m,        280 m, 15
 Controls                10            11                       13            15

 M en's Classes        M -12       M 13-14    M 15-16      M   21-34A,   M 17-20,      M 21-34E
                                                           M   45-54,    M 35-44
                                                           M   55-64,
                                                           M   65+

 W omen's Classes      F -12       F 13-14    F 15-16      F   17-20,    F 21-34E
                                                           F   21-34A,
                                                           F   35-44,
                                                           F   45-54,
                                                           F   55-64,
                                                           F   65+

 Open Classes          Open 1      Open 2     Open 3       Open 4        Open 5

 Group Classes         Group 1     Group 2    Group 3

                                                                                         Page -11-
Course Setter’s Notes, Fishbones Middle/Long

Map: The Rockwood Park map originally dates back some three decades, but has been
re-mapped several times since. Some of the current version was made in the late 1990’s
by a Swedish mapping team that included the late Kjell Melander, who made the maps
for the 1989 World Orienteering Championships in Sweden. This map has been
substantially updated since then, including updates by World Cup mapper Marcus Pinker
from Ireland, as well as repeated visits by Canadian mappers. The most recent updates
are from the spring of 2008, by Bill Anderson.

Terrain: This is a busy city park, and is constantly undergoing development. There is a
very active mountain biking community in the area, which tends to create new trails on a
regular basis. For the most part, the newest trails have been made in the northern part of
the park. We have attempted to include as many of these as possible on the competition
map, but it is always possible that some newer trails have been created since the most
recent survey. In general, the trail network is quite dense, and includes a number of
small, single track trails as well as larger, well-maintained trails.

There are also several stone monuments in the area, which have been recently upgraded.
The location of these is shown on the map, although the mapping of some of the
surrounding details in their immediate area may seem slightly inconsistent.

There is ongoing construction in the southwest portion of the map, around Lily Lake.
The courses do not go near this, but if you wander far off course you may encounter some
areas where the map is no longer correct. There is also a new fenced-in dog run area that
is not on the map, although you should not encounter this unless you are well off course.

The forest is typical of a coastal New Brunswick area, and contains a mix of coniferous
trees (primarily spruce, fir, and some cedar), as well as sections of deciduous trees.
Runnability varies from very good to slow; we have generally tried to keep the courses
within the nicer parts of the forests. In general, the vegetation mapping is quite
reasonable, although a few areas feel as if they are a little bit greener than mapped,
possibly due to this being the height of summer, and there having been a generous
amount of rainfall this season. On the southern edge of the map there is also a very
detailed semi-open ridge, which will be experienced by runners on courses 3-6 during the
middle and long distance races. The tiny paths in this area are not on the map.

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There is a considerable amount of rock detail throughout the map, adding to the technical
challenge. There is also a relatively high density of contour features, further contributing
to the technical difficulty. Because the terrain includes a number of smaller hills, the
courses feature a relatively high percentage of climb, particularly during the middle
distance event.

The courses will cross and/or run alongside a paved road in the park. The speed limit on
this road is very slow, and this road is typically shared between pedestrians and vehicles.
Runners must maintain extreme caution and vigilance while crossing or running
alongside the road!

Horses: There is a riding stable in the park, and trails are shared with the horses. The
riding stable has been advised of the presence of orienteers in the park this weekend, but
please be courteous and avoid startling the horses.

Other Park Visitors: This is a very busy park, and on a sunny weekend day there will be
hundreds of visitors to the park, particularly in the areas near the lakes and beaches.
There is also a corporate picnic with approximately 350 visitors scheduled for Saturday
near the Fisher Lake beach area. Runners will pass close by this busy beach area near the
end of the sprint race, but will be running along a surfaced walking trail at this point.
Please be considerate and careful when running through this area, to avoid collisions with
other visitors.

Pipeline: A (controversial) natural gas pipeline was constructed through the park earlier
this year. The course of the underground pipeline follows alongside a large power line.
As the construction was just being completed during the last map survey, the mapping of
the terrain over the pipeline has not been updated. We have marked over the approximate
area of the pipeline in purple lines that are typically used to indicate “out of bounds”
areas. However, the pipeline/powerline is NOT out of bounds. Runners may cross
the pipeline wherever they see fit. They should be advised, however, that the details in
the immediate vicinity of the pipeline construction may have been altered during the
construction phase. The purple overprint is simply used to indicate the approximate area
of the pipeline construction. There is no ongoing construction at present.

                                                                                  Page -13-
Rockwood Park - A little History

The efforts of The Saint John Horticultural Association led to the official establishment
of the park in 1894. Mr. Downing Vaux, the person who designed New York's Central
Park, also designed Rockwood Park. The park was named in a vote that included citizens
in the area around the park. A ballot cost 25¢.

Prior to the establishment of the park, a lot of commercial use had been made of Lily lake
and the surrounding lands. In 1838 Saint John's first water supply was piped to Marsh
Creek from Lily Lake via an open wooden sluice. From there it was pumped underground
to the city streets uptown ending in Market Square. Water was sold there for 1c per
bucket. During the winter and until the late 1920s, ice was cut for commercial and
residential use.

The lake was also used for skating and curling. The 1926 Speed World Skating
Championship was held at Lily Lake. Native “Saint Johner”, Charles I. Gorman won the
championship. It is reported that as many as 20,000 people came to watch the skating
competition. Other interesting points in the park's history include:

* In 1903, 10 years after the first Ferris wheel appeared at the Chicago world's fair, there
was one operating at Rockwood's amusement park, which has since been dismantled.
* In 1907, a court battle tried to settle the question of who has the rights to the ice - the
ice cutters (because no one had freezers at that time, of course) and the skaters. The
skaters won.
* In 2001 The park was used as a venue for part of the 2000 COC’s

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Saint John, NB- Nice to Know

Population: (2006) 90,762

History*: Situated at the mouth of the St. John River , Saint john is New Brunswick’s
largest city. The river was named by Samuel de Champlain, who sailed into the river’s
harbour in 1604 for the feast of St. John the Baptist. In 1630 Charles de la Tour,
Lieutenant Governor of Acadia built the first permanent settlement at the site of present-
day Saint John, which he named, of course, Fort La Tour.

By 1758 the fort had been taken and occupied by the English, who renamed if Fort
Frederick. Seventeen years later American revolutionaries destroyed the fort, replacing it
with Fort Howe. Following the American Revolution the founders of Fort Howe returned
to their new nation and were replaced by the refugee United Empire loyalists, who
founded the nearby settlements of Parr Town and Carleton. In 1785 these settlements
amalgamated as Canada’s first incorporated city - Saint John.

Saint John served briefly as the provincial capital, but that title was soon handed over to
Fredericton. With its political aspirations cut short, Saint John began to concentrate on
economic growth. Situated at the Mouth of the St. John river, perfect for transporting
logs, a booming timber trade sprang up and earned Saint John one of the largest fleets of
wooden sailing ships in the entire British Empire. The city became famous for the Marco
Polo, a schooner built in the port city that was known as the fastest ship in the world.

(* from the New Brunswick Book of Everything.)


From Saint John to:           KM              Miles          Approx. Travel Time
Fredericton, NB               103             64             1 hour 05 min
Fundy National Park           130             81             1 hour 40 min
Halifax, NS                   424             265            4 hours 30 min
Moncton, NB                   152             94             1 hour 30 min
Montreal, PQ                  940             588            10 hours
Ottawa, ON                    1130            706            13 hours
Sussex, NB                    73              45                      45 min

                                                                                   Page -15-
Accomodations: There are over 1700 guestrooms in the Greater Saint John area, Chance
Harbour and St. Martins, assuring you quality and choice! Whether you want to be at the
centre of all the action in a downtown hotel, or in the privacy of a secluded bed and
breakfast or country inn, there's a room waiting for you!

Camping: If camping is more your style, a tent and trailer park is located right next to
the Interpretation Center, in Rockwood Park, and is just minutes from Uptown Saint John
for those wanting to explore the town. Ph# (506) 652-4050

Restaurants : There is a wide selection of restaurants in the Saint John area. Below are
just a few examples chosen at random from the local restaurant directory. There are a lot

Thai:                                Suwanna Restaurant             637-9015
                                     Lemongrass Thai Fare           657-8424
Japanese:                            Sense of Tokyo                 632-4000
Greek/Italian/Middle East:           VITO’s                         634-3900
                                     Vivaldi’s                      633-1313
                                     Mediterranean                  634-3183
French:                              Nougatine et Chocolate         634-7758
Guatemalan:                          Taco Pica                      633-8492
Steak and Seafood:                   Grannan’s                      634-1555
                                     Reversing Falls Restaurant     635-1999
                                     Saint John Ale House           657-2337
                                     Church Street Steak House      648-2373
Other:                               Sebastian                      693-2005
                                     Boilerworks                    693-3663
                                     Beatty & the Bistro            652-3888
                                     Opera Bistro                   642-2822

Top ten Attractions...

1. Reversing Falls 2. Reversing Falls Jet Boat Rides 3. Saint John City Market National
Historic Site 4. Irving Nature Park 5. New Brunswick Museum 6. Carleton Martello
Tower National Historic Site 7. Rockwood Park 8. Barbour's General Store 9. Loyalist
House National Historic Site 10. Cherry Brook Zoo and Vanished Kingdom Park

Page -16-
2008 Sass Peepre National Junior Training Camp
August 17 - 20, 2008
Saint John, New Brunswick


Sass Peepre was a founding Father of orienteering in Canada in the 1960’s and 70’s and
this camp is organized in his honour in conjunction with the Canadian Orienteering
Championships on an annual basis by a team of volunteers. The camp is partially
subsidized by the Sass Peepre Fund, a fund held in trust by the Canadian Orienteering
Federation for the purpose of supporting Leadership of Junior Orienteers.

The camp is suitable for all levels of junior orienteers (age 10-20) who wish to improve
their skills. Camp participants generally perform extremely well at the Canadian
Championships held 1-2 days after the camp. National Team members and parents form
our team of volunteers.


This year’s Sass Peepre National Junior Training camp will be held in Saint John, New
Brunswick. Accommodation will be in the residences of the University of New
Brunswick Saint John. We hope all you enthusiastic juniors will come back to renew old
friendships, spike more controls and learn new ways to exhaust your coaches.

Start: Sunday, August 17, about 4:00pm
End: Wednesday, August 20, about noon

Location: Training will be at Rockwood Park, in Saint John

Accommodation: Will be at the Colin B Mackay Residence of the University of New
Brunswick in Saint John. You can see photos of the residence on their website. (The blue
menu on the left has relevant info under accommodations and web tours) Participants will
be in quad occupancy, with 4 people in one suite. Boys & girls will be in separate suites,
of course.

                                                                                Page -17-
Other events: Fishbones (modeled on the low-key Barebones concept) is August 16 & 17
at Rockwood Park, which is 2-3 km from UNB Saint John. The Hopewell Rocks event on
Thursday August 21 is a 2 hour drive from Saint John.

Camp Fee: 160.00 which includes accommodation and meals. $50 of this fee is
non-refundable. Consider contacting your own club for a subsidy.

Camp Coordinator: Kitty Jones

The COF conference starts just after the Sass Peepre National Junior Training Camp
finishes so participation in both is feasible and encouraged.

Alma (2006 Population = 301)
is a village in Albert County,
New Brunswick, Canada. The
village is at the mouth of the
Upper Salmon River, where it
empties into the Bay of Fundy.
The Village of Alma is
considered to be the gateway to
Fundy National Park. Because of
its close proximity to the Bay of
Fundy, Alma is also considered
by locals to be the "Home of the
Highest Tides in the World."

The village was founded in 1856, and gets its name from the 1855 Crimean War battle of
Alma River. Originally a village dedicated to ship building and lumber export, Now
Alma hosts local fishermen who fish lobster and scallops, and the many tourists who visit
each year

Two general stores, restaurants, gift shops, motels, a bed & breakfast, an Inn, a hotel, and
a bake shop serve visitors to the area. In the busy summer season be sure to book early,
it's a popular place. The bakery, Kelly’s Bake Shop, is famous for its “ Alma Sticky
Buns”. If you like cinnamon buns, you will definitely want to stop in to try some.

Page -18-
Alma beach is a great beach for rock hounding. When the tide is out you can walk out to
a large sandbar which still holds back a fairly large tidal pool, you can get more than your
feet wet here. When the tide starts to come in, keep your eye on where you are or you
might get caught with more water than you know what to do with.

Did you know that Alma in the 1930's was the home of Captain Molly Kool? She was the
first woman in North America, and only the second in the world, to get her master’s
papers for Coastal Waters. She skippered the cargo scow Jean K. for many years.

                                                    Fig. Wharf in Alma at low tide.

Waterside: About 10 min. from the Village of Alma located on Route 915 is the small
community known as Waterside. This area, to local orienteers, is known as “Smith
Country”. Sandy, Mike, Wil, Jon, Victoria, and Heather all started their orienteering here.
A short distance from where they lived while growing up is a beautiful red sand beach. At
Waterside Beach, where the tide recedes to reveal long sand flats and red cliffs, you can
take as long and peaceful a walk as you would like.

The beach is bordered by a saltwater marsh, and must be accessed by a small lane
located midway down the beach. The marsh is home to a wide variety of birds and offers
an excellent opportunity for bird watching.

On a sunny day tidal pools filled with salt water warm to near bath temperature, and a
barefoot walk on the sand is an enjoyable experience.

                                                                                  Page -19-
2008 COF Conference

The COF conference is organized by the COF Board of Directors. It's an ideal
opportunity to bring Canadian orienteers together to share information and to learn from
interesting, topical speakers. It's also a great time to learn about and get involved with the
priorities and projects of the COF and to provide your ideas and feedback. Ideas for
future conference topics are always welcome.

Conference Details

August 20 - 23, 2008
All sessions at the Alma Activity Center

Attendance required at all 3 sessions (9 hours total)
$30 fee to attend this workshop

Wednesday      Aug 20 - Part 1: 3:00 – 6:00 pm
Thursday       Aug 21 - Part 2: 1:00 – 5:00 pm
Friday         Aug 22 - Part 3: 8:30 – 10:30 am

You are invited to participate in the first workshop for Community Coaches. The 9 hour
course over 3 days will cover the theoretical and technical components of this new
coaching stream. The workshop will also include two "on terrain" practice coaching
sessions. The pre-requisites are some orienteering experience and an interest in coaching
new orienteers.

Wednesday Aug 20
Evening Session 1: 6:30 - 7:45 pm (No fee to attend)

Hear a brief summary of the results of the environmental impact study carried out in
Alberta after APOC 2002 Canada competition and the current research being done at the
2008 COCs. Followed by a discussion about ways to strengthen the relationship between
orienteering and landowner/government. Bring your experiences and ideas in this area.

Page -20-
Wednesday Aug 20
Evening Session 2: 8:00 – 9:15 pm (No fee to attend)

This session is designed to offer some ideas improve your courses planning. They'll be
lots of examples and specific ideas to course plan for the different disciplines of sprint,
middle & long. This session is great for competitors as well - to help you “get inside the
head” of your course setter.

Thursday Aug 21
Evening Session 3: 6:00 - 7:15 pm (No fee to attend)

Come and listen to World Middle distance and Relay Champion Holger Hott talk about
how he makes route choices. What does he think about when he’s navigating? Nothing
better than learning from the best. Bring your questions!

Thursday Aug 21
Evening session 4: 7:30 – 8:45 pm (No fee to attend)

Because the AGM is focused on the business affairs of the COF, this session provides an
opportunity to have a bigger picture discussion about orienteering in Canada and the
priorities of the COF Board. This session will include an update on the officials program
project. Come and learn what the COF Board is up to – and how you can contribute to the
development and workings of orienteering in Canada.

Saturday Aug 23
3:00 - 4:45 pm (No pre-registration required - all welcome to attend)

The AGM is the one time of year when all the members of the COF (the
provincial/territorial associations) gather to discuss and decide on the business tasks of
the association (such as electing board members, making changes to the constitution,
reviewing the financial statements, etc). All are welcome. If you are interested in a more

                                                                                   Page -21-
general discussion about orienteering in Canada and how developing orienteering in
Canada, please join us at the COF panel discussion Thursday night.

Saturday Aug 23
5:00 - 6:45 pm (No fee to attend)

Siegfried Ritter - the person behind the SPORTident system - is attending this year's
Canadian Championships and we are pleased that he is willing to give a presentation on
the latest information from SPORTident. This workshop is aimed specifically at officials
that actually operate SPORTident systems for clubs (workshop outline). Bring your
SPORTident questions

Hopewell Rocks . GPS Coordinates: N 45/ 49.706 W 064/ 34.952

Directions for Getting there:

From the City of Moncton,
take the Riverview Causeway
and follow the “Fundy” signs
south on Route # 114 to
Hopewell Cape. or take the
Gunningsville Bridge to
Riverview, turn left on Route
#114 to Hopewell Cape.
Distance/Time: 47 km; 35

From Alma, at the east
entrance to Fundy National
Park, follow Route #114 to
Hopewell Cape.
Distance/Time: 40 Km; 30 min.

Page -22-
From Saint John, take Highway #1 past Sussex to Exit #211, then Route #114 through
Fundy National Park to Hopewell Cape. Distance/Time: 189 km; 2 hours

The Hopewell Rocks, also called the Flowerpot Rock are rock formations caused by tidal
erosion in The Rocks Provincial Park in New Brunswick.

The formations consist of dark sedimentary conglomerate and sandstone rock. The large
volume of water flowing in to and out of the Bay of Fundy modifies the landscape
surrounding it. After the retreat of the glaciers in the region following the last ice age,
surface water filtering through cracks in the cliff has eroded and separated the formations
from the rest of the cliff face. Meanwhile, advancing and retreating tides and the
associated waves have eroded the base of the rocks at a faster rate than the tops, resulting
in their unusual shapes.

Why are the Fundy Tides the Highest in the World?

While the gravitational forces of the sun and moon combine to create a continuum of tidal
action the world over, it is the unique shape of the Bay of Fundy that contributes to the
extraordinary high tides experienced here.

The Bay of Fundy is 290-kilometer-long (180 miles) in length. The mouth of the Bay of
Fundy is 100 km (62 miles) wide and between 120 and 215 meters (400-700 feet) deep.
Frequently described as funnel-shaped, this amazing body of water gradually narrows
until it splits to form Chignecto Bay and the Minas Basin. Becoming gradually shallower,
Chignecto Bay splits into Shepody Bay and Cumberland Basin, then Shepody Bay
narrows and splits again into the Memramcook and Petitcodiac Rivers.

It is near this junction of rivers that the flowerpot formations of the Hopewell Rocks are
found. The distance across the Bay of Fundy at this point is about 2.5 km (1.5 miles) and
the depth at low tide about 14 meters (45 feet).

The highest tides of the Bay of Fundy are due to two unique characteristics of this finger
of the Gulf. The gradual tapering and shallowing that constricts the tidal flow, causes the
waters to rise from an average of one meter (3 feet) found elsewhere in the world to the
16-meter (52 feet) tidal range found at the head of the Bay of Fundy.

                                                                                   Page -23-
The second factor is the precise dimension of this incredible body of water. Every basin
of water has its own natural rhythm and at 290 km (180 miles) long, the time it takes for
the tide to flood the length of Bay of Fundy is nearly identical to the time it takes for the
tide to come in from the adjoining Gulf of Maine.

This resonance - the meshing of these two rhythms - means that the tidal range is
amplified. Called the "Seiche Effect", this amplification is frequently compared to the
wave action produced by a child sloshing water back and forth in a bathtub, each wave
higher than the one previous. It is this comparison which led to the Bay of Fundy being
called 'the world's largest bathtub'.


August 21, 2008. First start 8:30am
Map scale 1:5000
Hopewell Cape, NB
Controller    Bill Anderson
Meet Director David Ross
Course Setter Mike Smith

Registration on site starts at 07:00

This first ever fun sprint on a map that is
partly covered with water for 12 hours a day
will provide orienteers with a truly unique
and memorable experience.

The Hopewell Rocks are world famous and are one of the largest tourist attractions in
N.B It has a comprehensive park interpretation centre with all the amenities to enhnce
your experience. It is, however, the inter-tidal zone that is the real centre of attention. The
O course may have tricky footing in some areas due to mud or even unusual vegetation
like seaweed, but it is the memory of manoeuvring amongst the massive flowerpots that
will be imprinted on your mind for life. Look out for the cables at the base of the cliff as
they do indicate areas of higher risk. If you dawdle too long park staff will sweep you off
the beach before the next 35 foot tide closes the course. This is the "must do" outdoor
event during the whole COC week.

Page -24-
Hopewell Rocks Map

Hopewell Rocks Map is a new map made by Bill Anderson of Ottawa on a base map by
Pat Blashill at Stirling Surveys. Updates by Mike Smith. Scale 1:5,000.

Courses and Classes
        Course                     1                      2                       3
      Difficulty              Intermediate          Intermediate            Intermediate
 Classes, Men            M12                    M15-16                  M17-20
                         M13-14                 M21-34A                 M21-34E
                         M65-74                 M55-64                  M35-44
                         M75+                                           M45-54
 Classes, Women          F12                    F15-16                  F21-34E
                         F13-14                 F17-20
                         F55-64                 F21-34A
                         F65-74                 F35-44
                         F75+                   F45-54
 Open                    Open-1                 Open-2                  Open-3

This event is also part of the 2008 North American Sprint Series (50 points). See

Hopewell Rocks Park

All participants will need to purchase a provincial park pass for the Hopewell Rocks
event. We have obtained a very favourable group rate:

Children under 4       free             Children under 19               $4
Adults                 $5               Family in one vehicle           $20
                                        (maximum 2 adults)
This park entry pass will allow you to re-enter the park over a two day period. You may
well wish to return to visit at a more leisurely pace, see the interpretation centre, or even

                                                                                      Page -25-
see the rocks at high tide when there are kayaking or birding opportunities.

If you do not buy this park entry with your online registration there is still an chance to
do so later at the park. It just means that you may need to do so at the much higher usual
park rate, in a potentially long line, and at the general admission ticket booth which is
remote to the start area. There is lots of space in the park so you will be able to get in!

You should buy extra park entry permits for those
non-competitors you anticipate will be in your vehicle.

The park entry pass includes parking for your vehicle.

Souvenir SI-pCard

We are offering the SPORTident souvenir SI-pCard , which is
also known at the "practical card" at a special price of $10
courtesy of SPORTident.

It comes as a miniaturized plastic card with a full colour
Hopewell Rocks imprint on each side as shown.

These fully functional cards are popular for fun orienteering
events or even just as a souvenir. They have a high punching
speed at 115 ms per punch (compared to 330 ms for SI5), a life span of four years,
measure 54x54x1 mm, can store 20 control punches besides the start and finish, can be
programmed to store your name, address, telephone number, email address and club
name, can be personalized (time permitting) at any event that uses SPORTident, and are
compatible with BSx7 and BSx8 control units using firmware V5.49 or higher.

We are sorry, but these cards can not be used for actual competition during the Rocks
sprint event nor during the other COF/Fishbones competitions due to logistical reasons.

Details of the pCard can be found on the SPORTident web site

Page -26-
Course setter’s notes for orienteering rocks!!

It has been a pleasure and a privilege to be the course setter for this event. The unique
ocean floor landscape and spectacular rock formations have made this area an
orienteering sprint playground that you won’t soon forget. I hope you enjoy running the
courses as much as I enjoyed setting them!

A) The ocean floor is muddy and covered with rockweed in places. The mud can be up to
ankle deep and could remove a shoe if not tied properly. The optimal route will minimize
the amount of running over mud and rockweed. I have set the courses to minimize mud
and rockweed but in places it is unavoidable. Rockweed grows on rock outcrops on the
ocean floor and is very adherent to the rock. It is marked with a special green symbol (see
map sample). Orienteering shoes actually grab the rockweed fairly well and are therefore
recommended for this race. Extra caution is advised on all non-horizontal surfaces as they
may be very slippery. Be careful just as you would while running in the forest and you
will be fine.
B) The courses use an out-and-back design. The start and finish are located at the
northern end of the beach. All courses have a map-exchange at the far end of the beach.
At the last control on your A-map, you will switch to the B-side and navigate back home
to the finish.
C) The courses use narrow passages in some places. Please be careful of tourists and
runners coming in the opposite direction!
D) It is permitted to warm-up in the parking lot and surrounding forest trails. There will
be warm-up maps available for this purpose but they will bear no resemblance to the
unique ocean floor terrain. The beach is off limits until you are finished your run. If you
wish to return to the beach, please use the stair access south of the interpretive centre and
do not interfere with runners still competing.
E) The trademark of the Hopewell Rocks is the characteristic flowerpot rock formation.
This is created by tidal erosion of the bases of rock, creating spectacular and seemingly
impossible balancing rocks.
F) Flowerpots are depicted on the map by the shape seen from the aerial photo. At times,
from different angles on the ground, they may appear slightly different.

                                                                                   Page -27-
G) On the clue sheet, the flowerpots are indicated by the rock pillar symbol.
H) Some of the “rock pillars” used are actually part of a larger rock formation and only
separated by a cave (grey underpass symbol). From a distance you may only see a large
rock formation; the individual rock pillar only becomes evident when arriving at the
control circle.
I) Generally speaking, knolls are at least 1.5m high, cliff faces vary from huge: 20m or
more, to ~1.5m for the passable rock faces.
J) The park has limited access to some alcoves and passages due to the danger of falling
rock and other debris. Do NOT cross any of these out-of-bounds cables. Due to the
multitude of cables, they are not all marked on the competition map. In most cases, it is
not advantageous to cross them, however you will be automatically disqualified if you do.
In a few circumstances, controls are placed in close proximity to cables. Be careful in
these areas – punch your control and carry on.
K) Rapidly rising tides can surprise beachcombers. At the Hopewell Rocks park staff will direct
tourists and participants off of the beach three hours after the tide turns, but by then most of the
ocean floor on the map will be underwater. On August 21 the low tide is at 10:03 at a height
of 1.2 m and the high tide is at 15:55 at 13 m.

Fundy National Park of Canada

Fundy National Park, New Brunswick's first national park, was proclaimed in the Canada
Gazette on April 10, 1948. The park lies between the Saint John River system and the
Petitcodiac River system and encompasses some of the last remaining wilderness in
southern New Brunswick.

The park has two major environmental systems: the marine coastal environment of the
Bay of Fundy and the Caledonia Highlands plateau (part of the Appalachian Mountain
range) with its deeply cut river valleys.

Page -28-
The Caledonia Highlands quickly rise 300 metres from the nearby coast. Fundy National
Park is in the transition zone between the strictly coniferous boreal forest to the north and
deciduous-dominated forest to the south.

Generally the park's forest is a mix of red spruce, balsam fir, yellow birch, white birch
and maples. It is known as the Acadian Forest. While maples contribute the most brilliant
autumn colours from mid-September to mid-October, balsam fir gives a wonderful
fragrance to the forests of Fundy. The forest floor is covered with carpets of moss,
woodfern and bunchberry. By mid-late summer, the bright red clumps of the bunchberry
fruit are very common.

Fundy National Park protects a wide variety of plants. Flowering plants such as the rare
bird's-eye Primrose, a cliff-dwelling plant remnant of a colder climate, are found only in
Fundy National Park in New Brunswick..

More than 400 species of lichens have been found in Fundy National Park. These small
plants, that few people know by name, cover the forest floor, rocks and tree trunks. One
may find as many as 30 species on a single tree! Lichen do not harm the trees they grow
on, they simply use them to avoid competition from other taller plants on the ground.

In wet, poorly drained areas such as along the Caribou Plain trail, black spruce and larch
live in a thick sphagnum moss carpet. Some bog plants have found ways to supplement
their meagre diets by catching and consuming insects. Three species of insectivorous
plants may be seen at Caribou Plain bog; they are the pitcher plant, sundew and

There are several species of frogs and toads in the park. Late in the summer the bass
droning roar of bullfrogs can be heard at night.

Salamanders, the other amphibians in the park are mute. Seven species live in moist
places: the yellow-spotted, red-backed and four-toed in mossy glades and inside rotten

                                                                                   Page -29-
logs; the dusky, blue-spotted and two-lined under rocks near springs and brooks, and
adult newts in ponds and lakes. Of these seven species, three are considered rare.
Four-toed salamanders have not been found anywhere else in New Brunswick, and Fundy
is the only Canadian national park known to contain northern dusky salamanders. The
third rare salamander is the blue-spotted salamander.

Another interesting resident of the park is the nocturnal northern flying squirrel, which is
almost as common as the diurnal red squirrel in Fundy's forests. The flying squirrel has
been studied here. Recent research demonstrates an important association between this
animal's diet and the trees. It dines on a particular kind of fungus that fruits underground.
These fungi grow close to the roots of trees, and other plants, and helps them to extract
nutrients from poor soils. The squirrel helps spread the fungi via its droppings,
contributing to the development of a healthy forest.

World's Oldest-Known Red Spruce

During the summer of 2005, a tree along the coast of Fundy National Park was
discovered to be at least 445 years old, the oldest documented Red Spruce on Earth. Red
Spruce, a tree specific to the Acadian forest covering a very limited area of the world: the
Maritime provinces, parts of New York state and the Appalachian mountains, and tiny
bits of Quebec and Ontario. That’s it... worldwide. The Acadian forest is one of six North
American forests considered endangered by the World Wildlife Fund.

But you will see Red Spruce almost everywhere in the park, dominating the forest along
the coast. It is our most common tree. Even though much of the area was logged once,
twice, even three times before the national park was established in 1948, remnants of
older growth Red Spruce still stand. The most accessible grove is on the Coastal Trail.
(To visit the grove start at the end nearest Point Wolfe. A major ascent brings you to a
lovely old forest of large Red Spruces.) Virgin forest still exists in very steep stream
valleys. By growing in places difficult for lumbermen to work in, fortunate trees have
been saved.

Page -30-
2008 Canadian Orienteering Championships
and World Ranking Events

August 22-24, 2008, Fundy National Park, Alma, NB

A short A to Z...

Awards: Canadian Orienteering Federation medals to Canadian Champion in each class.
Orienteering New Brunswick award to top finisher in each age class.

Baby Sitting: Baby sitting will be available on request during the COC sprint, middle, and long
distance events. Payment will be made directly to the baby sitter on the day. The rates are yet to
be determined. No baby sitting will be provided at the Fishbones events or at the Hopewell
Rocks sprint.

Complaints/Protests: Any complaint shall be made in writing to the organizers as soon
as possible, at the problem table in the fi nish area at each event. The organizers will
decide on a complaint and inform the complainant of the result as soon as possible. There
is no fee for a complaint.

Protests can be made against the organizers’ decision on a complaint, no later than 1 hour
after that decision has been reached. Protests must be in writing and handed to the IOF
Controller or Jury member (at the event) or at the problem table at the event. Protests will
be handled by the Jury. There is no fee for a protest.

Control Descriptions: Control descriptions will be printed on the front of all competition
maps. Copies of the control descriptions will also be available just before the start line.

                                                                                         Page -31-
Courses, Classes, And Recommended Winning Times

*W21-34A and M21-34A are non-championship classes
**M45-54 will run on course 5 in the sprint
***W21-34E will run on course 4 in the sprint

Disqualification: If a runner is missing one or more controls, the runner will be
disqualified and the results will show ‘mp’ (missed punch). If the runner’s
disqualification is due to another reason, the results list will show ‘DSQ’ for that
competitor. Note: If a competitor runs with a different SI card than he/she is registered
with in the start lists, the runner will get wrong/no time registered and will be
disqualified. It is the runner’s responsibility to run with the correct SI card

Page -32-
Drink Stations: There will be drinking water at the start/finish of all events. Water
locations on the courses will be specified either using a small glass symbol on the map, or
on the control description when water is available at control sites.

Electronic Punching System: The SPORTIdent system will be used for all events.

Eligibility: Canadian Championship winners must be full members of a provincial
organization affiliated with the CanadianOrienteering Federation and be a Canadian
citizen or landed immigrant.

To enter any of the classes above you must be a full member of an orienteering club
affiliated directly or indirectly with the International Orienteering Federation.

Non-members may compete in open classes. There will be an open class on each of
courses 1 through 9 in the middle and long distance events and courses 1 through 4 in the

Wayfaring groups will be permitted in open classes on courses 1, 2, and 3. Wayfaring
groups will not be permitted to start until after the competitive racers on their course have

Embargoed Areas: Orienteering Maps in Fundy Park including Kinney Brook and
Maple Grove Maps are embargoed. This includes all areas south of Highway 114
including Chignecto South Campground to the golf course and Point Wolfe Road and all
areas south of the Chignecto North campground on the east side of Highway 114 down to
but not including the Headquarters campground. The Hastings road is the western
boundary to the embargoed area and may be used. Only paved roads through those areas
may be used prior to the event. Chignecto North campground, Headquarters campground,
and the immediate property of the Fundy Inn and Highland Chalets are not under the
embargo. The golf course and access roads to it are not under embargo.

                                                                                   Page -33-
Finish Procedure: All runners are required to pass the finish line, including those
runners who do not complete the whole course. Runners who do not pass the finish line
will be considered as “missing in the forest”, and may cause a search in the forest for the
missing person.

• Finish Station 1: After punching the last control. The runner will proceed to the
download station where he/she will place the SI card into the downloading unit, and wait
for the official’s confirmation. If the finish official reports a problem (e.g. one or more
missing controls, or downloading fails), the runner must follow the instructions given by
the finish official.
• Finish Station 2: The runner will write their name on the back of the competition map
and place it into the box. All competition maps will be collected. Maps will be returned
after the last person starts their race. If you have used one or more of the needle punches,
you must identify your map to the finish official table where it will be collected and
marked with your name for later analysis. Competitors who are disqualified for other
reasons should also identify themselves to the finish line officials.

First Aid: There will be first aid trained persons available at all race assembly areas. If
you have a known allergy to insect stings or bites and have an EpiPen with you, please
carry it on your person during the races.

Hospitals: The nearest hospitals with 24 hour coverage are in Moncton, Sussex, and
Saint John. First aid providers will be on site at the Hopewell Rocks and Fundy Park

Maximum running time allowed: This shall be indicated on the map or clue sheet.

Natural Hazards: These are few in number. Mosquitoes are found, particularly at dusk.
Horse flies, deer flies and black flies may be found during warm daytime hours. Wasps
are active preparing for winter. There are no poisonous snakes or spiders. Poison ivy is

Page -34-
rarely found. Rabies is not endemic except in bats. Prickly shrubs like raspberry may be
found in limited areas.

Officially Lyme disease is not considered endemic in New Brunswick. However, cases
are reported. It would be prudent to dress against ticks, examine one’s self carefully for
ticks or tick bites, and monitor any bites for symptoms of Lyme disease.

Black bear, coyotes, moose, and deer are present in the park. There have been reports of
cougar, but no sightings.

Registration: For the pre-COC events registration shall be done on site. Registration and
race package pick up can also be done in Alma at the Alma Activity Center.
Times and Location:
Saturday      August 16th, 0930-1130        Rockwood Park, Interpretation Centre
Sunday        August 17 , 0930-1130         Rockwood Park, Interpretation Centre
Wednesday August 20 , 1800-2100             Alma Activity Center
Thursday      August 21 , 0700-             Hopewell Rocks Park
Friday        August 22 , 0900-11:30 FNP, Sprint Site *
Saturday      August 23rd, 0800-11:00 Fundy Height Chalets, FNP *
Sunday        August 24th, 0830-10:00 Chignecto South Campground Shelter, FNP

* Limited Parking - follow directions of registration officials

Rules of Competition: The competition will be conducted under Canadian Orienteering
Federation rules and Competition Rules for IOF Foot Orienteering Events (2007 Edition).
The latter takes precedence in the event of a confl ict. Copies of these can be downloaded
from the IOF website. The IOF Anti-Doping Rules shall apply and can also be
located on the IOF website.

                                                                                   Page -35-
Start Procedure: At the pre-start area you will pass through three consecutive start
boxes, and remain in each box for one minute.
• Box 1: In this box, your identity, SI card number, cleared SI card, compass and whistle
will be checked. Enter the first start box when your start time comes up on the display.
This time is 3 minutes ahead of the competition clock so that you will reach the start line
at the correct time. Be there on time!
• Box 2: In the second box each runner will pick up his/her loose control description (self
service). Runners must bring their own equipment to carry the loose control description
during the race. The control descriptions will also be printed on the map.
• Box 3: In the third (last) box each runner goes to the map box labeled with the correct
course number and class, and then waits in front of the map box for the remaining part of
the minute without looking at the map. When the start is indicated the race starts. The
runner then takes the map from the map box and commences.

• The runner is responsible for taking the correct map. The control description and course
number are printed on the front of each competition map.

If you are late for your start time you must identify yourself to the start officials. An
organizer will determine at which time you may start, considering the possible influence
on other competitors. You will not be given a new start time unless your lateness is
the fault of the organizers.

Runners with the wrong SI card will not be allowed to start.

Whistles: Canadian Orienteering Federation Rules state that each competitor must carry
a whistle in all events. Whistles may be purchased on-site.

A whistle shall be used only in case of a serious injury or medical emergency. The
international distress signal is three blasts on the whistle. Pause before repeating
the pattern. On hearing this, a competitor or official shall give assistance.

Page -36-
COC 2008 Sprint - Friday, August 22nd ( World Ranking Event)

Fundy National Park, Alma, NB
Map 1:5,000 5m contours
First start 12:00 noon

Controller            Stig Skarborn
Meet Director         Luella Smith
Course Setter         Wil Smith
WRE Advisor           Adrian Zissos

Location: Across from the Fundy National Park Interpretation Center

Registration: On-Site 09:00-11:30

Preliminary course info
Course 1: 1.3 km, 20 m climb, 15 controls
Course 2: 1.5 km, 30 m climb, 19 controls
Course 3: 1.8 km, 50 m climb, 19 controls
Course 4: 2.2 km, 75 m climb, 21 controls
Course 5: 2.7 km, 85 m climb, 24 controls

Course Closure:
Sprint Individual maximum 1 hour on course. Sprint event closes at 14:30

This event is also part of the 2008 North American Sprint Series (50 points).

                                                                                Page -37-
Course Setter’s Notes, COC Sprint/WRE

Map: The competition map was remade in the spring of 2008 by Bill Anderson, using the
old map (by Bryan Chubb, used for COC 2000) as a base. Mainly, the effort was spent to
bring the map more or less in line with sprint map standards (ISSOM). Like all maps,
there are probably a few inconsistencies, but in general it is more than adequate for use in
finding all the controls, even at a very high running speed. The main area in which the
map differs from the ISSOM stipulation is in the contour interval – ISSOM specifies
2.5m contours, but we requested (and received) approval to use 5m contours for this
event. As a result, although the course “looks” flat, there are some climbs that are larger
than you might expect from a first glance at the map.

Otherwise, the biggest difficulty in mapping coastal New Brunswick forests is in
vegetation consistency. This map is no exception – it is very difficult to decide just what
is white, light green, or medium green. On top of that, the vegetation tends to grow
rapidly in places, with spruce and fir springing up in clusters, creating what appear to be
inconsistencies in the vegetation mapping. In general, the runnability is well represented,
but there are a few areas of white that feel a little bit like light green, and vice versa.

Special Symbols:
Black X is a man-made object; on this map it could represent a garbage container, a
goalpost, park bench, large sign, or playground equipment.
Green X is a distinct tree.
Blue X is a fire hydrant.

Terrain: Much (about 60-70%) of each course is in open grassland/parkland or on trails,
and is extremely fast. Here, the footing is excellent. No long stretches of pavement
running will be experienced. There are sections, generally towards the end of the longer
courses (courses 3-6), where “real” forest is entered. For the most part, I have kept to the
areas with good runnability and good visibility, but if you deviate much from the optimal

Page -38-
route you may encounter areas of lower runnability and visibility, which are marked
accordingly on the map.

There is a section containing more than 20 old chalets, which are currently no longer in
use. They all appear nearly identical, and it is quite easy to make parallel errors in this
section of the course, particularly at high speed.

The terrain is mainly flat, with a large “bowl” area, flat plateau, and a slope rising above
the north side of the plateau. The slope contains some contour detail, in the form of
depressions and re-entrants. There is very little rock detail, other than some small areas
of stony ground.

The map borders a golf course and encloses a lawn bowling green, both of which are
marked on the map as being out of bounds. These are not marked in the terrain but are
very obvious. Runners entering these areas will be disqualified.

There is a playground near the finish. On a sunny Friday afternoon, it’s possible that
quite a few children will be playing there. Therefore, we have marked it as out of bounds
on the map. The courses are designed to help avoid the temptation to run through the
playground, although you will run beside the playground.

There is a mandatory road crossing in the middle of each of the courses. After punching
the control just before the crossing, all runners must follow the marked route, across the
road, to the end of the streamers, before resuming their course. There will be traffic signs
and marshals, and the traffic will be moving very slowly. We will make an effort to
control the car traffic, but every runner must exercise caution when crossing the road and
must yield to moving traffic. Running on or within 1 meter of the paved road surface is
forbidden, except when using the mandatory road crossing. For all courses, the optimal
route does not entail running on or beside the road.

                                                                                    Page -39-
Special rule deviation: The IOF, in an effort to increase the level of excitement and
technical difficulty for sprint races, has proposed a rule deviation for sprints that allows
the placement of controls closer together than would normally be allowed in middle and
long distance events. Controls on similar features may be placed as close as 30m from
one another, and controls on dissimilar features may be placed as close as 15m from one
another. The IOF also allows for “dummy” controls to be placed in the terrain, as long as
the above distances are respected. We have embraced these rules, and there are a number
of controls on dissimilar features within 15-25m of one another. Runners will
encounter controls that are not on their course. Be sure to check the codes on each
control you punch!

Footwear/Clothing: Many will ask about clothing and shoe recommendations – it is
possible to run in shorts and with running/cross-country shoes. However, the forested
sections may chew up your legs a bit, and on some slopes it may be advantageous to wear
orienteering shoes, particularly if the ground is wet. There are some blackberries in the
terrain as well. I have been doing my test running wearing orienteering shoes and regular
orienteering gear.

Spectators: After finishing the race, runners are invited to enjoy the spectacle of
watching other competitors complete the course. Much of the course is highly visible
from the finish area, and the courses have been designed to allow spectators to see
runners several times on the course. Please remember that spectators are forbidden to
hinder or assist runners on the course – this is a National Championship and World
Ranking Event! Competitors are reminded that entering the competition area prior to
running in the race is strictly forbidden. Exchange of any information between runners
who have finished the course and competitors who have not yet started is forbidden.

Parking: Competitors in the COC Sprint are STRONGLY advised to minimize car usage
as much as possible, as parking access will be difficult/limited. Competitors are
reminded that it is only approximately 1000 m walk from Alma to the COC Sprint area,
and only 500 m walk from the Headquarters Campground to the COC Sprint area.

Page -40-
Limited COC Sprint parking will mainly be in the playground/golf course parking area
(there is room for about 100 cars), but people MUST vacate the area before the first start,
and stay out of the area until they have completed their race. There will be some
“overflow” parking along the southern side of the Point Wolfe Road for people who
arrive after the first start, but access to the arena is somewhat inconvenient due to the
detour competitors will have to take around the competition area.

Clothing Return: There will be a small tent at the start area for shelter in case of rain.
Clothing can be left in that shelter and picked up after the runners finish (it’s only 300 m
from the finish to the start). Organizers will not be returning clothing to the finish from
the start.

Toilets: Toilets for those who have not yet started are in the Park Headquarters building,
across route 114 – watch for traffic! Toilets for those who have finished the races are
available in the golf course pro shop building – but no metal spikes or muddy shoes are
allowed inside the bathrooms!

Model Event:

Fundy National Park, Alma, NB
August 22, 2008 2:00 - 5:00 p.m.

Map: 1:10,000 5m contours
Meet Director Garth Holder

This event will be located in the WRE sprint area and adjacent area to the north of eastern
end of the golf course in Fundy National Park. Access will be via the golf course club
house area after the WRE Sprint is completed. The course will be officially open from
2-5 pm on Friday, August 22 with the possibility of further access on August 23. This is
not a timed event.

                                                                                   Page -41-
COC Banquet and Silent Auction

Friday, August 22nd, 19:00 (7:00p.m.)
Alma Activity Center

A greener banquet….

This year’s COC Banquet is a special fund-raising project for the National Junior and
Senior Teams. Rather than simply outsourcing the banquet to a catering company, we
decided to keep the project “in-house”. This enabled us to make some interesting choices
regarding the banquet, and in particular we were able to make some decisions to make
this banquet “greener” than usual.

For the most part, we made a conscious effort to follow the ideas of the so-called “100-
mile Diet” as much as was practically possible. As a result, nearly all the food has been
sourced locally. This supports the local economy, as well as reduces the energy expended
by shipping the food, since we are not importing supplies from thousands of miles away.
We are quite fortunate in that New Brunswick features a ready source of excellent food.
One needs look no farther than the Alma wharf to see that the lobsters are caught locally.
Less obvious is that New Brunswick also grows an abundance of produce – potatoes,
tomatoes, and the like. There is also a thriving dairy industry in the province, and we
have even managed to support local beef farmers, who supplied our steaks. A local
winery only 15 km from Alma produces some excellent blueberry wines, and some of the
most popular beer in the region is brewed in nearby Moncton and Saint John.
Alas, it was not possible to find EVERYTHING grown locally, but where that was not
possible, we tried to make wise choices as well. For example, coffee beans aren’t
produced in New Brunswick, but we were able to obtain a supply of fresh-roasted,
organically-grown Fair Trade coffee from a CoffeEco company. It doesn’t hurt that the
coffee also tastes much better than the bulk-produced megastore brands….

Page -42-
Perversely, it does cost a little more to buy locally, and our profit margin is much smaller
than it might ordinarily be. But we are quite happy that we made the choices we made,
and we hope that you appreciate our efforts to make this year’s COC banquet a little bit
greener than usual.

Thank you very much for your understanding and support! We invite you to sit back,
relax, enjoy a sip of the excellent local blueberry wine or a steaming mug of organic Fair
Trade coffee, and bid generously on the items on offer in the Silent Auction!

COC 2008 Middle Distance - Saturday, August 23rd (World Ranking Event)

Fundy National Park, Alma, NB
Map 1:10,000 5m contours
First start 10:00am

Controller             Stig Skarborn
Course Setter          Harold McQuade
Meet Director          David Ross
WRE Advisor            Adrian Zissos

WRE Courses:

Course 9:      Length 3.1 km,         140 m,       1 water stop.
Control description control clue sheet = 57 mm x 155 mm

Course 10:     Length 3.6 km,         125 meters, 1 water stop.
Control description control clue sheet = 57 mm x 170 mm

Registration: 08:00 - 11:00, at Fundy Highland Inn & Chalets

                                                                                   Page -43-
Parking: At the registration site parking will only be permitted for the time it takes to
register. Once registered please follow the directions of the registration staff for where to
park. Parking could be some distance, so allow for this and car-pool where possible.

Map: Originally Mapped by Pat and Dick de St. Croix for the 1993 COCs. Re-mapped in
1999 to IOF standards by mapper Bryan Chubb from British Columbia. Updated in 2006
by Bryan Chubb. This Fundy Park map was used for the 2000 Canadian two day classic
distance championships and WRE events.

Terrain: Glaciation and fluvial processes have each influenced the rugged topography of
the Greater Fundy area. The upland bedrock plateau is incised by steep-sided V-shaped
river valleys. Park forests are dominated by mixed hardwood and softwood areas with
good and varying visibility respectively. Non-forested habitats include freshwater
wetlands, old field and roadside grasslands, and areas affected by park development
(campgrounds, golf course, roads, well maintained trails, etc.). Small features are

Course closure: 14:30 (2:30 p.m.)

COURSE SETTERS NOTES - 2008 COC’s Middle Distance

1) Parking: The parking area for the Middle Distance event is located at the Chignecto
South campground. There is NO PARKING available at the finish. Alternate parking is
available at the Fundy National Park pool and Alma Activity Center. There will be no
shuttle service from the pool or Alma Activity Center to the event site.

There is NO PARKING permitted on highway 114.

2) Event Registration Site: The event registration site will be at the Fundy Highlands
Inn & Chalets, Chalet unit #7.

Page -44-
3) Start location: The start is located 1.3 kilometres from the parking lot. Allow 20
minutes to walk from the parking lot to the start. The path to the start from the parking lot
will be flagged. The path to the start follows along a section of HWY 114. For your
safety remain on the flagged path located along the forest edge.

4) Finish location: The finish is located at the Fundy Highlands Inn & Chalets 2.2
kilometres from the Chignecto South campground parking lot. There is No Parking
available at the finish except for guest of the Fundy Highlands Inn & Chalets and for this
reason a shuttle service is being provided between the Fundy Highlands Inn & Chalets
and parking lots.

5) Gear drop of: There will be two personal gear drop of locations. 1) The first drop off
site will be located along the flagged path to the start and 2) the second one will be
located at the start staging area.

6) Shuttle Service: There will be a shuttle service from the finish at the Fundy Highlands
Inn & Chalets to the Chignecto South campground to transport participants to their cars.
The service will be provided starting after the first start and operate until the end of the
day’s activities.

There is no parking available at the finish (Fundy Highlands Inn & Chalets) except for
guest of the motel.

7) Mandatory Road Crossings: Highway 114 will be crossed at two locations and for
the safety of the runners there will be two mandatory road crossings. Highway 114 is a
very busy highway and for this reason the crossings will be controlled by “Crossing
Marshalls”. All runners will be required to stop before crossing the highway and to assist
the runners “Crossing Marshalls” will be located at each road crossing. The competitors
will be required to follow the “Crossing Marshalls” instructions and the competitors will
not cross the highway until directed by the “Crossing Marshalls”.

                                                                                   Page -45-
Courses 1, 2, 3 and 4 will share the same crossing location. There will be one control
located before crossing the road.
Courses 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 will share the same crossing location. There will be one
control located on each side of the road. The split time between the controls will be
deducted from the total course time.

Note 1: The locations of the controls at the road crossings, one on each side of the
highway, do not meet IOF rules. The controls have been added for the safety of the
runners and to equalize the advantage for runners that may be delayed by traffic.

8) Highway 114 - Out of Bounds: For the safety of the runners the use of highway 114
as a route choice is not recommended.

9) Boundary Stone – symbol: The control symbol for boundary stone is used for, rock
piles and cairns. Cairns are piles of stone and are shown on the course map by a black
circle and on the control description clue sheet by the following symbol; a circle with a
dot in the center of the circle.

10) Contours: The event map that was used for the courses is a composite of two maps,
1) Maple Grove map and 2) Kinnie Brook map that are separated by highway 114. The
contours on the east and west sides of highway 114 do not match up at the highway.

11) Vegetation: The Maple Grove Map was partially updated in the summer of 2006 by
Brian Chubb and efforts were made in the spring of 2008 to modify the map to reflect the
existing site conditions. Despite these efforts there are areas that are greener then shown
on the map, new fallen trees and new growth since the map was modified are not
reflected on the competition map.

12) Ribbons: Please note that there are ribbons located in the forest that were placed by
Parks Canada and others. All the ribbons used by the course setter have been removed
except for those that were used to mark hazards.

Page -46-
13) Wildlife: This is an outdoor wilderness site located within the protected boundaries
of Fundy National Park. The Parks staff reported that there are moose, deer and bears in
the park and some reports of foxes. These animals normally avoid human contact. And,
although there have not been any reports of attacks or contact, these animals are
dangerous and we are sharing their habitat. Contact with these animals should be avoided.
DO NOT approach or FEED wild animals. See insert in the participants registration kit
regarding the precautions to be taken if wildlife is encountered.

14) Water streams and marshes: The courses may cross water streams, and controls can
be found along marsh edges. The water streams are narrow and passable. Caution should
be taken crossing the streams as the stream beds consist of lose and slippery rocks.

The weather has been rainy this summer and the marshes are wet.

15) Use of Park and Orienteering Map: Parks Canada have graciously granted
permission to use the park for our activity. The forest in the park includes some fragile
eco-systems, endangered species and protected streams in various areas of the Park. For
these reasons the use of the map is restricted to orienteering activities, i.e., competition
and post route evaluation.

16) Course closure: The Middle Distance course closes at 2:30 pm (14:30 hrs). The
controls will be removed starting at course closure.

                                                                                    Page -47-
Canadian Orienteering Federation 2008 Annual General Meeting

Date: Saturday August 23, 2008
Location: Alma Activity Center Alma, New Brunswick
Time: 3:00 – 4:45 pm


       1. Introduction of delegates
       2. Voting procedures
       3. Acceptance of Agenda
       4. Approval of Minutes of 2007 AGM
       5. Business arising from the minutes
       6. Reports:
               a. President report
               b. VP Finance report
               c. Other Board member and key volunteer reports
       7. New Business

               a. Canadian Orienteering Championships 2011 bid
               b. Canadian Ski-Orienteering Championships 2010 bid
               c. Other motions
       8. Elections
       9. Adjournment

Page -48-
Moved by the COF Board of Directors

Move to amend the COF constitution with the following additions (IN ALL
2.02 Election and Term - The election of directors shall take place at each annual
meeting of members. Directors will be elected for two year terms and shall be
eligible for re-election for further two year terms. The Past President, THE
ATHLETES’ REPRESENTATIVE and the Executive Director shall be ex officio
members of the Board of Directors. The elections shall take place in two parts…

Background info: We would like to set up a mechanism to have an athlete
representative to provide input to the COF Board. This is consistent with other
national sport organizations in Canada and provides a mechanism for Canada's
elite orienteers to formally elect an athlete representative to be involved with
organizations such as Athletes CAN. A draft policy regarding the election process
will be available here shortly.

                                                                        Page -49-
       MOTION 2
       Moved by the COF Board of Directors

       Moved that, if Charlotte MacNaughton is re-elected as President, the maximum
       term for President be expanded to 2 and a half terms on a one time basis.

       Background info: The COF constitution states that the maximum consecutive
       length of office for an individual as President is two terms. Charlotte
       MacNaughton was elected as President after the position had been vacant for one
       year. Consequently, she was elected for one year to complete the term. She was
       subsequently re-elected for a two year term. Charlotte intends to seek re-election.
       If elected for a two year term, this would be over the maximum term by one year.
       If this one time exception is made and if Charlotte is re-elected, this would bring
       the president term schedule back on schedule. If desired, we can introduce an
       amendment to the constitution at next year’s AGM to allow a president to serve
       for 2 complete 2 year terms. In the case of a president stepping down partially into
       his/her 2 year term or the position being vacant, the person elected to serve out
       that term is still eligible for 2 consecutive terms after the partial term expires.

Page -50-
Overview of COF 2007 AGM - New Business Discussed:

a) Canadian Orienteering Championships 2010 bid
No bids were received. The Ottawa Orienteering Club is interested but is not able
to submit a formal bid at this time. Hope to be able to submit a bid to the COF
board in the fall.
- Moved that the COF Board recruit and appoint a host for the 2008 COC’s
Moved by Bill Anderson, seconded by Ian Sidders. Carried.

b) 2010 North American Orienteering Championships Bid received from OABC
– likely in the Kimberley / Cranbrook area and likely during the July long
- Moved that the OABC be granted the hosting of the 2010 NAOCs. Moved by
Bill Jarvis, seconded by Barbara Scheck. Carried.

c) Canadian Ski-Orienteering Championships 2008 bid
Want to host the canadian ski-orienteering championships every second year;
offsetting the US championships. No association has applied to host the 2008
Canadian ski-orienteering championships. Moved that the COF Board recruit and
appoint a host for the 2008 Canadian ski-orienteering championships
- Moved by David Ross, seconded by Bill Anderson Carried.

d) Other motions

i) That the COF recognize two grades of members within Provincial/Territorial
Associations, Annual and Casual. Provincial/Territorial orienteering associations
 continue to define their own membership classes but they must fit within one of
these grades. An Association Annual member is a member of a
Provincial/Territorial Association who pays an annual subscription, whether it is
based on a calendar year or a twelve month period from the date of joining.
Anybody awarded a Life membership by a club/association is also treated as an

                                                                         Page -51-
       annual member. An Association Casual member is any member of a
       Provincial/Territorial Association who is not an Annual member. The grades
       would be used when discussing affiliation fees, insurance premiums and
       eligibility for participation in National Championships.
       - Moved by the COF Board of Directors. Carried

       ii) That the COF Affiliation fees should be based entirely on participation. One
       person per event of orienteering at an assessable event represents one participation
       unit. Wayfaring groups shall count as a single unit. An assessable event is any
       orienteering event organized by the Association or one of its clubs for which an
       entry fee is collected but excluding: a) COC, NAOC and WMOC related events
       where a special levy is applied by COF; and b) Private events put on for other
       organizations, schools, companies, corporations etc. If there are two or more
       events on a single day each event will be counted separately. Discussion: Make
       sense to implement this in 2008. COF Board will sort out the logistics.
       - Moved by the COF Board of Directors. Carried

       iii) That the headquarters of the Canadian Orienteering Federation be changed
       from Dorval, Quebec to Calgary, Alberta.
       - Moved by the COF Board of Directors. Carried

       iv) That the COF support 75% of the WRE advisor travel expenses for WRE held
       at the Canadian Orienteering Championships. Discussion: Also includes the
       levy/event charged by the IOF. Currently 200 eroes for each of Canada’s 3 annual
       WREs. General agreement about the need for some financial support from the
       COF. The COF board will discuss the logistics.
       - Moved by David Ross. Seconded by Stig Skarborn (NB) Motion withdrawn

Page -52-
Ice Cream Social

Alma Activity Center August 23rd 7:00 p.m.

This year, we’re adding a second social event to the schedule. On Saturday
evening, the National Junior and Senior Teams are hosting an Ice Cream Social,
to be held between 7 and 9 p.m. at the Alma Activity Center (same place as the

Ice cream has been sourced locally, and is being donated by Wil and Katarina
Smith, combined with some generous subsidies from Scotsburn Dairies. Katarina
has also been hard at work baking homemade Swedish chocolate “messy cake” to
go along with the ice cream. Organically-grown Fair Trade coffee and tea will
also be served. As well, we hope to be able to present a slide show of photos
taken during the first races of the weekend.

Admission is by donation – some will have entered a donation at the time of their
registration, while others may be making a donation on arrival at the event. On
behalf of all of the runners on the National Teams, I’d like to give a big Thank
You to everyone for their continued support!

COC 2008 Long distance - Sunday, August 24

Fundy National Park, Alma, NB
Map 1:10,000,          5 m contours
First start 10:00 a.m.

Controller            Paul Looker
Course Setter         Harold McQuade
Meet Director         David Ross

                                                                        Page -53-
       Registration: 08:30 -10:00 at Chignecto South Campground Shelter. Follow
       signs to event site.

       Course Info:
       Course         Distance        Climb          Controls
       Course 1       2.8 km          65 m           17
       Course 2       2.9 km          80 m           12
       Course 3       3.3 km          90 m           14
       Course 4       2.7 km          70 m           8
       Course 5       2.9 km          95 m           9
       Course 6       2.9 km          75 m           9
       Course 7       4.0 km          145 m          14
       Course 8       4.4 km          215 m          14
       Course 9       7.6 km          305 m          16
       Course 10      9.1 km          325 m          20

       Course Closure:
       Individual maximum 3 hours on course. Long event closes at 15:00

       COURSE SETTERS NOTES - 2008 COC’s Long Distance

       1) Start location: The start is located 200 meters from the Event registration site.

       2) Finish location: The finish is located near the Event registration site.

       3) Parking: Parking is available at the Chignecto South campground.
          There is NO PARKING permitted on highway 114.

       4) Event Registration Site: The event registration site will be at the Ski Shelter.

Page -54-
5) Boundary Stone – symbol: The control symbol for boundary stone is being
used for cairns. Cairns are piles of stone and are shown on the course map by a
black circle and on the control description clue sheet by the symbol; a circle with
a dot in the center of the circle.

6) Vegetation: The Maple Grove Map was partially updated in the summer of
2006 by Brian Chubb and efforts were made in the spring of 2008 to modify the
map to reflect the existing site conditions. Despite these efforts there are areas that
are greener then shown on the map, new fallen trees and new growth since the
map was modified are not reflected on the competition map.

7) Ribbons: Please note that there are ribbons located in the forest that were
placed by Parks Canada and others. All the ribbons used by the course setter have
been removed except for those that were used to mark hazards.

8) Wildlife: This is an outdoor wilderness site located within the protected
boundaries of Fundy National Park. The Parks staff reported that there are moose,
deer and bears in the park and some reports of foxes. These animals normally
avoid human contact. Although there have not been any reports of attacks or
contact. These animals are dangerous and we are sharing their habitat and contact
with these animals should be avoided. DO NOT approach or FEED wild animals.
See insert in the participants registration kit regarding the precautions to be taken
if wildlife is encountered.

9) Water streams and marshes: The courses may cross water streams and
controls can be found along marsh edges. The water streams are narrow and
passable. Caution should be taken crossing the streams as the stream beds consist
of lose and slippery rocks. The weather has been rainy this summer and the
marshes are wet.

                                                                             Page -55-
       10) Use of Park and Orienteering Map: Parks Canada have graciously granted
       permission to use the park for our activity. The forest in the park includes some
       fragile eco-systems, endangered species and protected streams in various areas of
       the Park. For these reasons the use of the map is restricted to orienteering
       activities, i.e., competition and post route evaluation.

       11) Course closure: The Middle Distance course closes at 3:00 pm (15:00 hrs).
       The controls will be removed starting at course closure.

       12) Use of Park: Parks Canada have graciously granted permission to use the
       park for our activity. The forest in the park includes some fragile eco-systems,
       endangered species and protected streams in various areas of the Park. For these
       reasons the use of the map is restricted to orienteering activities, i.e., competition
       and post route evaluation.

       Note: All controls will be removed at the end of each day.

       Tips on Orienteering in Fundy:
       by Wil Smith

       First of all, please keep in mind that advice is generally worth what you pay for

       Newcomers to this terrain often experience some difficulty adjusting their race
       tactics accordingly, and as a result tend to lose time unnecessarily. I’ll try to
       provide you with some thoughts on how you might prepare for the courses you’ll
       experience in Fundy this weekend.

       In the sprint distance, runners will be faced with a mix of terrain. The WRE
       controller described the courses as having three distinct sections, and I agree.
       Runners will be well-advised to adjust their speed to match how far ahead they

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can see. In some sections this will be quite far ahead, but in others, particularly in
the forested sections, visibility will be limited. Keeping the right direction will be
the key to success in the forest. Also, and you’ve heard this before in sprints,
CHECK YOUR CONTROL CODES. There are a lot of controls out there, at
times packed into a tight area. You definitely will see controls other than your
own – please be sure that the control you punch is the one you’re looking for!
While test-running one of the courses, I very nearly mis-punched by skipping over
a control…. Oops!

In the middle distance, as always, technical difficulty is the key. The area chosen
by the course setter appears to be one of the most difficult areas of the map. I
don’t think the runnability will be all that bad, and it helps that the course is a net
downhill of at least 100m. I’m thinking there will be at least one climb, though,
so be prepared to tough it out. The visibility in some sections will be quite
limited, and this will make it tough. The map has quite a few point features, and
in areas with low visibility these are tough. Be very, very, very careful about your
direction, and try to estimate your distance as well. If you’re off on your
direction, you’ll at least limit the search area by knowing how far you’ve gone.

Be prepared for a combination of diminished visibility as well as technical footing
(stones or undergrowth, possibly fallen trees). People who are from areas where
visibility is high and/or runnability is very easy, tend to struggle the most here. I
think that’s because they rarely have to use truly precise compass work, since if
you can see for 100-200 m, then you don’t really have to rely on getting the
bearing exactly right. Here, the visibility will be down to 10 m at times. And this
will be compounded by the fact that if you’re unsure of your footing or not adept
at technical terrain running, you’ll be looking down more often than usual.
Furthermore, the vegetation can tend to push you off your line, and unless you’re
really persistent at keeping the right direction, you’ll be well off course before you
know it. Be prepared to go more slowly and carefully – this is one of those
terrains where you can consider those extra seconds of caution as a useful

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       investment that may save you minutes in the end. If the course setter places
       controls on vegetation boundaries (and there are a few possibilities on the middle
       distance area), be extra, extra cautious on these….

       In the long distance race, I am assuming that runners will probably experience the
       diffuse slope to the southwest of the start/finish area. This slope is covered with
       point features, mainly stones and cliffs, and many of these are in low-visibility
       areas. This creates a recipe for disaster, and I’ve seen the routes drawn in when
       the Norwegian team was here in 2000 – even the reigning World Champion was
       making mistakes. Most errors seemed to be in green areas of the map, and I
       would guess that people simply didn’t adjust their speed and tactics enough to
       compensate for the lack of visibility.

       The other tough legs are those traversing long sections of what is essentially one
       large, bland/diffuse hillside. There are many similar features out there, and it’s
       hard to correct or relocate once you’re lost. Be very careful when contouring, to
       ensure you’re at least looking at the right elevation. There are a few streams (or
       stream beds) running down the slope; be extra sure to notice (and count) these
       when you cross them. Bailing out can be a very time-expensive proposition, as
       the hiking trail that cuts through the area doesn’t have all that many truly distinct
       features. Better to go a bit more slowly and avoid having to bail out in the first
       place. Do not take unnecessary risks by running too fast on this terrain!
       When I last raced here in 2000, I found myself taking longer routes around on
       trails whenever it seemed even remotely feasible. I’m sitting here with Bjornar
       Valstad’s routes from that race in front of me, and it appears that he did the same
       thing, albeit at a much faster pace. He won the races quite handily.

       Finally, since we’re starting AND finishing on the top of the hill, be ready for
       some tough climbs, particularly towards the end of the long distance race.

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The Crew:

The COC 2008 Organization team includes:

Harold McQuade Course setter COC middle and long distance events and Fundy
Park liaison
David Ross Meet director COC middle and long distance events and Hopewell
Rocks fun sprint
Paul Looker Controller COC long distance event
Stig Skarborn Controller COC middle distance event and comptroller
Wil Smith Course setter COC sprint event
Mike Smith Course setter Hopewell Rocks fun event
Garth Holder Model event Fundy National Park
John Ereaux Registrar
Lorna and Richard Guttormson SPORTident team and registration website
Adrian Zissos IOF WRE adviser and controller for COC sprint
Bill Anderson Controller Hopewell Rocks fun sprint
Luella Smith Meet director COC sprint and banquet organizer
David Fellows Event Website
Team Smith/Hott Fishbones course setters/controllers and meet directors

                                                                 Page -59-

                                                      Fundy National Park
                                                            of Canada

                         W GA Cartographic Services

              Saint John Jeux Canada Games Foundation
                       Ottawa Orienteering Club
                        Back Road Map Books
                            Pirate’s Cove
                            Andy Martin

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