AIDS by linzhengnd

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									HIV & AIDS
In Homosexuals
By: Kristen Hopkins, Lizbeth Londono, & Marcela Morado
History

  When was AIDS discovered?

  Gay Men's Health Crisis

  A year later…
The MSM Health Crisis
HIV/AIDS Timeline

 1981 - (CDC) report an alarming occurrence of a rare cancer
 The New York Times announces a "Rare Cancer Seen in 41
  Homosexuals."
 1982 – CDC names it: acquired immune deficiency
  syndrome.
 1987- the word "AIDS" in public for the first time.
 1988- The First World AIDS Day
Timeline Cont…
 1999 - The Young Men's Survey (YMS)


 2000 The CDC reports that black and Latino men
  increase of AIDS


 2004- Institute for Gay Men's Health
  Role of Transmission in MSM
 FACT: Anal sex often tears the rectal blood vessels,
  allowing the virus to enter the body
 Anal intercourse

HIV entrance Point
 Receptive partner
 Insertive partner
 Skin


  Assessment of Risk of HIV Transmission:
  •With properly used condom: Low risk
  •Without condom: High risk
Male to Male Sexual Contact
Estimated number of HIV/AIDS cases by year


   18500

   18000

   17500

   17000

   16500

   16000

   15500
              2001          2002         2003   2004
Male to Male Sexual Contact and
Injection Drug Use
Estimated number of HIV/AIDS cases by year


      1550

      1500

      1450

      1400

      1350

      1300

      1250
                2001           2002          2003   2004
Safe Sex

    Three reasons why MSM lack
     safe sex:
       HIV is manageable or curable
       MSM rates
       Continued use of drugs


    How can we help?
       Contraception
       Sex education
       Organizations
HIV in MSM minorities

   HIV epidemic origin
   Increased rates
   Reasons for rates:
      Safe sex
      Partner’s status
      Less concern
  Male to Male Sexual Contact by Race
  Estimated number of HIV/AIDS cases at the end of 2004



120000

100000

80000

60000

40000

20000

     0      White        Black        Hispanic   Asians/Pacific Islanders   American Indian/Alaska
                                                                                   Native
 Male to Male Sexual Contact and
 Injection Drug Use by Race
 Estimated number of HIV/AIDS cases at the end of 2004


12000

10000

 8000

 6000

 4000

 2000

    0      White        Black       Hispanic   Asian/Pacific Islander   American Indian/Alaska
                                                                               Native
Stigma’s effects on MSM

  Increase their risk taking

  Prevent MSM interventions
     Why?

  Discrimination
AIDS Cases in Adults and Adolescents
by Transmission in the United States
as of December 2004
                        Male to Male Sexual Contact

                        Male to Male Sexual Contact and
                        Injection Drug Use
                        Injection Drug Use

                        Hemophilia/Coagulation Disorder

                        Heterosexual Contact

                        Receipt of Blood Transfusion, Blood
                        Components, or Tissue
                        Other/Risk Factors Not Reported or
                        Identified
AIDS Cases in Adults and Adolescents
by Transmission in Florida as of
December 2004
                      Male to Male Sexual Contact

                      Male to Male Sexual Contact and
                      Injection Drug Use
                      Injection Drug Use

                      Hemophilia/Coagulation Disorder

                      Heterosexual Contact

                      Receipt of Blood Transfusion, Blood
                      Components, or Tissue
                      Other/Risk Factor Not Reported or
                      Identified
Work Cited

    http://www.kidzworld.com/site/p5390.htm
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gay_related_immune_deficiency
    http://www.gmhc.org/about/timeline.html
    http://www.mnsi.net/~aidscw/penetrate.htm
    http://www.avert.org/hsexu6.htm
    http://www.aztlan.net/supremecourtsodomy.htm
    http://www.newswithviews.com/
    Cases of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States, 2004, Table 1. 1 Feb 2006. Online. 21 Sep 2006.
     <http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resouces/reports/2004report/table.htm>
    Cases of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States, 2004, Table 9. 1 Feb 2006. Online. 21 Sep 2006.
     <http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resouces/reports/2004report/table9.htm>
    Reported AIDS Cases Among Adults and Adolescents by Transmission Category, Cumulative through
     December 2004. Online. 21 Sep 2006.
     <http://www.statehalthfacts.org/cgi-
     bin/healthfacts.cgi?action=compare&category=HIV%2fAIDS&subcategory=Cumulative+AIDS+Cases
     &topic=Adult%2fAdolescent+by+Exposure+Category>

								
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