GA – General Assembly 2005 by liamei12345

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 60

									GA – General Assembly 2005
_____________________________________________________________
GA24/3
9 - 11 November, 2005




                    PROGRAMME AND BUDGET
                      2006 – 2007 BIENNIUM
                (As approved by the General Assembly – November 2005)




________________________________________________________________________
Twenty-fourth Session                         Rome, 9 – 11 November 2005
                                                                                                                  Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



                                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS



  INTRODUCTION ..............................................................................................................................1

  SUMMARY .......................................................................................................................................1

  1. Introduction ..............................................................................................................................1

  2. Programme development process .........................................................................................2

      2.1      Implementation and evaluation of approved programmes ............................................................... 2
      2.2      Sources for developing new programme proposals.......................................................................... 2

  3. Trends in conservation............................................................................................................3

  4. Strategic Directions .................................................................................................................5

      4.1      Strategic Directions 2001 ................................................................................................................. 5
      4.2      Proposed Strategic Directions 2005 ................................................................................................. 6

  5. Justification for the proposed programme and budget.......................................................7

      5.1      New features .................................................................................................................................... 7
      5.2      ICCROM’s long-term programmes.................................................................................................. 8

  6. Budget needed to implement programme.............................................................................9


  A. ICCROM PROGRAMME 2006-2007 .........................................................................................10

  DESCRIPTION OF INDIVIDUAL PROGRAMMES........................................................................10

  1. ICCROM FORUM (ICCROM funds €50,000) .........................................................................10

  2. PREVENTIVE CONSERVATION (ICCROM FUNDS €63,000)...............................................11

      Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 11

      2.1      Training of trainers in preventive conservation.............................................................................. 11
      2.2      Consultation seminar...................................................................................................................... 12

  3. SHARING CONSERVATION DECISIONS (ICCROM FUNDS €53,500)...............................12

      Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 12

      3.1      Sharing Conservation Decisions course ......................................................................................... 12
      3.2      East meets West - Japanese and Western conservation traditions.................................................. 13

  4. CollAsia 2010 (ICCROM FUNDS €60,000) ............................................................................13

      Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 13

      Programme objectives ............................................................................................................................. 13

      4.1      International workshops (2006 and 2007)...................................................................................... 14
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     4.2      Sub-regional field project (2007) ................................................................................................... 14
     4.3      CollAsia 2010 website and directory (2006-2007)......................................................................... 15
     4.4      Staff Development Service (2006-2007)........................................................................................ 15
     4.5      Partner meeting (2006)................................................................................................................... 15

  5. ARCHIVES & LIBRARY COLLECTIONS CONSERVATION (ICCROM FUNDS €58,500) ...15

     Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 15

     5.1      Conservation of Sound and Image Archives .................................................................................. 16
     5.2      Conservation of manuscript collections ......................................................................................... 17

  6. CONSERVATION OF THE BUILT HERITAGE ......................................................................17

     Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 17

     Programme Objective and Approach....................................................................................................... 18

     Programme Strategy ................................................................................................................................ 18

     Proposed Activities for 2006 - 2007 ........................................................................................................ 21

     6.1      Core Activities ............................................................................................................................... 21

     6.1.1 International Core Course on Conservation of the Built Heritage
      (ICCROM FUNDS €122,000)................................................................................................................ 21

     6.1.2 International Course on Special Topics in Conservation of the Built Heritage
     (ICCROM FUNDS €42,450)................................................................................................................... 21

     6.1.3 Research activity 1: Preparation of Statements of Significance
     (ICCROM Staff; funds nil) ...................................................................................................................... 22

     6.1.4 Research activity 2: Developing Appropriate Management Systems for Heritage Sites
     (ICCROM Staff; funds nil) ..................................................................................................................... 22

     6.2      Thematic sub-programmes............................................................................................................. 23

     6.2.1 Living Heritage Sites...................................................................................................................... 23

     Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 23

     Goal, Objectives, and Desired Outcome.................................................................................................. 24

     6.2.1.1 Urban Conservation (ICCROM FUNDS €11,000)...................................................................... 24
     6.2.1.2 Living Heritage Sites in Asia – Mekong River Project (ICCROM FUNDS €41,500) ................ 25
     6.2.1.3 Asian Academy for Heritage Management (ICCROM FUNDS €14,000)................................... 25
     6.2.14 Cultural Landscapes (ICCROM Staff; funds nil).......................................................................... 26

     6.2.2 Conservation and management of archaeological sites .................................................................. 27

     Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 27

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     Archaeological conservation in SE Europe and the Caucasus (ICCROM Staff; funds nil)..................... 27
     Objectives of the programme................................................................................................................... 28

     6.2.2.1 Theoretical and practical course on archaeological conservation in Serbia (2006) ..................... 28
     6.2.2.2 Course on planning and management within governmental organizations (2006) ...................... 28
     6.2.2.3 Workshop for government officials and policy makers related with cultural heritage (2007)..... 28

     6.2.3 Conservation of Wood (ICCROM Funds €20,000) ....................................................................... 28

     6.2.4 Conservation of Stone (ICCROM Funds €82,152) ........................................................................ 29

     6.2.5 Conservation of Modern Architecture (ICCROM Funds €5,000).................................................. 29

     6.2.6 Conservation of earthen architecture (ICCROM Funds €10,000).................................................. 30

     Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 30

  7. AFRICA 2009 (ICCROM staff; nil funds)...............................................................................30

     Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 30

     Programme Objective and Outputs.......................................................................................................... 31

     Programme Structure ............................................................................................................................... 31

     Proposed Activities for 2006 – 2007 ....................................................................................................... 32

     7.1      Annual Regional Courses .............................................................................................................. 32
     7.2      Annual Directors Seminars ............................................................................................................ 32
     7.3      Annual Technical Courses ............................................................................................................. 32
     7.4      Annual Regional Thematic Seminars ............................................................................................ 32
     7.5      Special Regional Seminar on HIV/Aids and Cultural Heritage ..................................................... 33
     7.6      National Seminars ......................................................................................................................... 33
     7.7      Networking Activities .................................................................................................................... 33
     7.8      Projets Situés.................................................................................................................................. 33

  8. ATHĀR Programme (Jordan, Lebanon, Syria) (ICCROM staff; funds nil) ........................34

     Description............................................................................................................................................... 34

     8.1      Course on heritage documentation, recording, and information management ............................... 35
     8.2      Second Regional Core Course on "Conservation of Heritage Sites".............................................. 35
     8.3      Thematic seminar in 2006 on the use of media in heritage education............................................ 36

  9. TECHNICAL SERVICES .........................................................................................................36

     9.1      Office of Communication and Information (ICCROM Funds €100,000) ...................................... 36
     9.2      Publications (ICCROM Funds €90,000) ........................................................................................ 36

     9.3      Documentation, Library and Archives Service (ICCROM Funds €132,000) ................................ 37


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     9.4      Advisory Services .......................................................................................................................... 38

     Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 38

     9.5      Technical Assistance Service (ICCROM funds €15,000) .............................................................. 39

     9.6      Interns, Fellows and Scholarships (ICCROM funds €140,000) .................................................... 39

     9.7      Conservation research and training (ICCROM Funds €80,000) .................................................... 40

     (a) Organization of Short Specialized Workshops (SSW)....................................................................... 41

     Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 41

     (b) Project LIM “Laboratory Integrated Modules”.................................................................................. 41

     Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 41

     (c) Collaboration/participation partner projects....................................................................................... 41

     Justification.............................................................................................................................................. 41

  B. ICCROM BUDGET FOR THE BIENNIUM 2006–2007 .............................................................43

  EXPLANATORY NOTES ...............................................................................................................43

  B.1 The regular budget and external funds ...............................................................................43

     B.1.1 Corporate operational costs............................................................................................................ 43

     B.1.2 Programme costs ............................................................................................................................ 44

     B.1.3 Personnel costs ............................................................................................................................... 44

     B.1.4 Operational Reserve ..................................................................................................................... 45

  B.2 BUDGET ENVELOPE 2004-2005 ...........................................................................................46

     B.2.1 Conversion to euro and inflation .................................................................................................... 46

     B.2.2 Interest on contributions................................................................................................................ 46

     B.2.3 Bank interest on funds................................................................................................................... 46

     B.2.4 Sale of publications and photocopies ............................................................................................ 46

     B.2.5 Course participation fees............................................................................................................... 47

     B.2.6 Recovery of direct administrative costs ........................................................................................ 47

     B.2.7 External funding and voluntary contributions............................................................................... 47

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     B.2.8 Arrears in contributions.................................................................................................................. 47

  B3 Scale of Assessment .............................................................................................................48

     B.3.1 Calculation of the ICCROM scale of assessment.......................................................................... 48
     B.3.2 Determination of the contribution budget for 2006-2007 ............................................................. 49

  B.4 BUDGET APPROPRIATION RESOLUTION – 5.2% INCREASE ..........................................50

  TABLE 1 DRAFT ICCROM BUDGET FOR THE 2006 – 2007 BIENNIUM...................................51

  TABLE 2 DRAFT ICCROM BUDGET FOR THE 2006 – 2007 BIENNIUM (DETAIL) ..................52

  TABLE 3 SCALE OF ASSESSMENT WITH ZRG OF 5.2% .........................................................53




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                                    INTRODUCTION


  SUMMARY

  The provisional Programme and Budget 2006-2007 foresees a strong element of
  continuity in the main components of ICCROM’s work during the biennium.
  Nevertheless, a trend in conservation towards declining public funding, de-centralisation
  of responsibilities for culture, and outsourcing of conservation work needs to be
  addressed. The Strategic Directions adopted by the General Assembly in 2001 are
  reviewed and revised in the light of changing needs. The various sources that are drawn
  upon in devising the programme are identified.

  New proposed initiatives include the integration of previously distinct activities into a
  single programme in Conservation of the Built Heritage. The role of ICCROM’s long-
  term programmes is stressed, and details given of some of their key features, as well as
  the criteria used by ICCROM in selecting participants for its training courses. These are
  included with the aim of providing more information on the programme development
  process.


1. INTRODUCTION

  This draft document describes the proposals for ICCROM’s programme of activities in
  the Biennium 2006-2007 for consideration by the Council at its 69th meeting on
  November 25-27, 2004.

  This document explains the background to the preparation of the provisional programme
  and budget (sections 1-2), and then reviews some long-term strategic directions (SD) for
  ICCROM. These build on and develop those that were adopted in 2001 and have guided
  policies in the previous two biennia. The document then lists seven programmes and the
  ICCROM Forum proposed for the biennium 2006-2007, as well as the continuing
  activities of the Technical Services of ICCROM.

  The draft nature of these proposals should be emphasized, as they are being prepared
  fifteen months before the start of the Biennium in question. Nevertheless, they indicate
  the general outline of the future programme and budget that the ICCROM Secretariat
  wishes to propose to Council.




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2. PROGRAMME DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

  This provisional programme and budget is being drafted fifteen months before the start of
  the Biennium, and therefore may be subject to some modification. On the other hand,
  there is deliberately a strong element of continuity between one Biennium’s programme
  and the next. The proposals here presented should therefore be considered in this
  perspective.


  2.1       Implementation and evaluation of approved programmes

  The success in implementing the Biennial programme for 2002-2003 is summarized in
  the “Report on Implementation of the Approved Programme for the Biennium 2002-
  2003” submitted to the 23rd General Assembly (GA23/9) – the “green cover report”.

  Progress in implementing the approved programme for the current biennium will be
  presented to the Council at its 69th meeting in November, 2004 (see document C69/5,
  Progress report on Implementation of the Programme 2004-2005).

  Specific activities have been the object of formal external evaluations, notably the annual
  Architectural Conservation course in Rome that was discontinued in 1998, the Venice
  Stone course, and EC-funded projects (the NAMEC programme and the CURRIC
  project). In addition, there will be held in December 2004, an evaluation meeting for the
  logical framework approach of the Africa 2009 programme.

  The outcomes of these evaluation reports and their subsequent discussion contribute
  substantially to the definition of future goals. So do the discussions in the General
  Assembly, Council and Bureau meetings. In fact, there are many sources of guidance in
  developing new programme proposals. It is worth summarizing the most important of
  them.


  2.2       Sources for developing new programme proposals

  The sources that help define ICCROM’s programme proposals are both external to
  ICCROM and internally generated (for instance, review meetings or questionnaires
  organized with the aim of defining future directions). They include:

        •   Discussions and recommendations at meetings of ICCROM’s statutory bodies
            (General Assembly, Council and Bureau)

        •   Formal evaluation reports, such as the examples given above (2.1) and those
            produced by other bodies, such as the Periodic Reporting reports of the UNESCO
            World Heritage Committee

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     •   Published and unpublished literature received by the ICCROM Library,
         recognized to be the richest such collection anywhere (it is estimated that as much
         as 30% of library accessions are donated, often in the form of literature acquired
         during ICCROM missions or from visitors to ICCROM, and may not otherwise
         have a wide circulation)

     •   Written reports on ICCROM missions, including those to conferences, made by
         staff or consultants, which are obligatory and intended for internal circulation
         only

     •   Professional staff meetings at ICCROM, held regularly once every two weeks, at
         which current activities are summarized, trends analyzed, and policy discussed

     •   The network of partner institutions and former course participants and teachers,
         constituting a ready source of instant information and feedback.


  These various sources, along with many others both regular and incidental, provide the
  material making it possible constantly to monitor the field and to ensure that the
  programme proposals are ahead of trends and respond to emerging needs.



3. TRENDS IN CONSERVATION

  Certain trends are evident in the teaching and practice of conservation. Never has the
  attention given to cultural heritage by Government and the media been greater than it is at
  present (the concept of World Heritage has certainly played an influential role in bringing
  this about). On the other hand, and paradoxically, there are strong indications of declining
  direct Government support for those public institutions responsible for conservation
  practice and teaching.

  The decline is reflected in reduced funding support for conservation institutions, leading
  to staff cuts and even outright closures of conservation departments and teaching
  programmes. Moreover, central government is increasingly de-centralising responsibility
  for cultural heritage to state, province or municipality levels. At all these levels,
  conservation projects are often contracted out (or outsourced) to the private sector.

  Despite the high quality of individual project work that can result, the potential
  deficiencies of this policy in a field such as conservation are well-known: a reduction in
  the employment of professionally qualified staff; weakening of institutional memory and
  especially of the continuity of documentary records of condition and interventions; the
  lower quality of contracted work if lowest-estimate bids in a highly competitive
  environment tend to be accepted; the absence of qualified staff to assess and evaluate
  contracted conservation work; and, above all, the lack of that daily maintenance and

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  monitoring of condition that an in-house professional staff can assure (with consequent
  lower costs of upkeep).

  Budgetary cuts have also affected publicly financed conservation teaching programmes.
  The number of opportunities for education and training in conservation seems to have
  increased markedly during the last few years (the systematic revision and updating of the
  ICCROM Training Directory database during 2004 led to a 40% increase in known
  courses worldwide). The greater number of private universities offering conservation as
  a subject is encouraging, but the relatively higher fees of their courses are a deterrent to
  many. The decline in State support for professional education in many countries means
  that private universities and craft apprenticeship schemes become the principal routes to
  education and training in conservation.

  The de facto growing privatization of conservation in many countries has to be viewed
  also in the light of the markedly declining membership of national societies (a trend not
  limited to conservation associations, of course). This phenomenon has been attributed to
  a number of reasons – increasing subscription rates, the availability (for free) through the
  Internet of much information, and – for lack of employment prospects – fewer young
  people being attracted to work in conservation.

  As an IGO, ICCROM serves first and foremost its Member States. It therefore should
  support governmental institutions as a priority (as it does in its responses to official
  requests and in its proactive programmes). Even in those many states where conservation
  work tends to be contracted out, support is needed for professional state employees who
  can guarantee institutional memory and continuity, who can direct conservation projects,
  and who can ensure regular maintenance and monitoring of the cultural heritage.

  ICCROM’s programme, in addressing the needs of Member States, must therefore
  continue to strike an appropriate balance in promoting technical and managerial skills. In
  recent years, the balance in its education work has shifted towards the latter, on the
  reasonable argument that the regular courses held at ICCROM in the 1970s to late 1990s
  had trained a core group of technical professionals in Member States around the world.
  These in turn could be counted upon to raise standards of practice in their own countries,
  leaving ICCROM free to tackle new needs.

  However reasonable this argument, and however successful the policy has been in many
  countries, it has not prevented ICCROM from still receiving many requests for technical
  training, often in the form of a course organized exclusively for the requesting country.

  The demand for a chance to participate in an ICCROM course is higher than ever. This is
  as true, significantly, for the traditional materials-based courses (e.g. on the conservation
  of stone or wood) or for a new course on a traditional theme (e.g. documentation and
  recording as in the new ARIS course) as it is for the “new” courses on integrated
  conservation or decision-making. Since demand is at least one indication of need, this
  phenomenon too forms an important source of input into the programme design.

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  The strategic directions of ICCROM, as proposed in 2000 and approved by the General
  Assembly in 2001, therefore need to be adjusted to take account of these trends.



4. STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS

  There are a number of strategic directions that ICCROM adopted at the General
  Assembly in 2001 for the next 4-6 years. These have guided the specific goals of its
  biennial programmes. The overall strategy is that ICCROM, in adopting these directions
  in its own work, thereby influences the evolution of the field of conservation as a whole.
  The principal strategic directions (SD) adopted in 2001 were as follows:


  4.1    Strategic Directions 2001

  SD1. Recognition of the value of cultural conservation as of similar importance to, and
  closely linked with, the value of nature or environmental conservation

  SD2. Adoption of policies and activities that integrate the conservation of movable and
  immovable cultural property

  SD3. Maximising impact by reducing project duplication amongst different agencies
  active in international cultural heritage conservation

  SD4. Encouragement of cultural diversity in all aspects of policy-making, partnerships
  and teaming

  SD5. Promotion of risk assessment in strategies for inventory and documentation

  SD6. Incorporation of cultural heritage conservation theory and practice in education
  curricula at the university level

  SD7. Promotion of the profession of conservation and of educational and didactic
  material support for it

  SD8. Co-ordination and promotion of interdisciplinary research into heritage
  conservation

  These strategic directions have successfully influenced ICCROM’s work in the previous
  biennia (see “Report on Implementation of the Approved Programme for the Biennium
  2002-2003” submitted to the 23rd General Assembly (GA23/9), section 3.1 Developments
  in line with the Strategic Directions). Now under review, they need to be revised so as to
  take account of the trends identified above (section 2). Moreover, several of the existing
  strategic directions are now part of ICCROM’s “way of working” (see below).
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  The following Strategic Directions are therefore proposed as guiding ICCROM’s work in
  the next 5-6 years:


  4.2    Proposed Strategic Directions 2005

  SD1. Supporting the capacity of national institutions responsible for cultural heritage in
  Member States to achieve their goals.

  SD2. Encouraging the integration of risk preparedness, preventive conservation and
  maintenance strategies into national conservation policies.

  SD3. Promoting policies that integrate concerns for all types of cultural heritage
  (movable and immovable, tangible and intangible, cultural and natural, living heritage,
  etc).

  SD4. Working through partnerships and networks so as to maximize impact and to reduce
  duplication of effort among different agencies.

  SD5. Ensuring long-term continuity of partnerships after specific collaborative
  programmes have concluded.

  SD6. Incorporating cultural heritage conservation theory and practice in education
  curricula at the university level.

  SD7. Ensuring the widest possible access to information about conservation and its
  importance, by means of different media, different publics and different languages.

  These proposed strategic directions draw heavily on those adopted in 2001 while also
  taking account of new trends and new needs. They reflect much of ICCROM’s current
  work but stress certain directions which should be consciously followed in designing its
  future development.

  As mentioned above, some of the SDs adopted in 2001 are no longer specifically
  included in the new list since they underlie more generally ICCROM’s “way of
  working”, or the principles that guide its approach. These include the principles
  underlying SDs (2001) numbers 1, 4, 7 and 8. Other guiding principles would include the
  encouragement of bottom-up in addition to top-down approaches; the recognition of the
  value of traditional knowledge and indigenous technologies; the gradual implementation
  of appropriate solutions that incrementally bring about the desired change; and promoting
  respect for international norms and humanitarian law.




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5. JUSTIFICATION FOR THE PROPOSED PROGRAMME AND BUDGET

  The proposed programme described here has two main objectives: (1) to continue the
  principal commitments that have been successfully implemented in the two previous
  biennia, and (2) to introduce new activities that respond to emerging needs in the field.

  There is a strong element of continuity among the principal programmes proposed for the
  biennium 2006-2007, many of which have been established with long-term objectives
  (e.g. Africa 2009, ATHAR, CollAsia). The technical services of ICCROM (advisory
  services including those to the World Heritage Committee, technical assistance,
  publications, consultable databases, etc) continue to expand their scope.


  5.1    New features

  The main new proposal within the programme area is the establishment of a single
  programme in Conservation of the Built Heritage. This would bring together within a
  single coherent strategy a number of components that hitherto have been formally
  separated (even though, de facto, there has been coordination in-house) (see Figure 1).

  The increasing attention now being given to the intangible heritage (e.g. language, music,
  dance, oral traditions, etc) calls for comment. Tangible and intangible aspects of heritage
  are inseparable; tangible heritage is an expression of intangible values and understanding
  them is key to the appropriate conservation of the tangible material expression. The
  concept of “living heritage” (cf. 6.2.1. below) is an acknowledgement of this reality. In
  addition to its work on living heritage, ICCROM proposes particular attention to the
  intangible heritage in the main proposal of its programme on archival and library
  collections conservation (the conservation of sound and image archives).

  A third innovation, already initiated on a trial basis in 2005, is the establishment of the
  Conservation Research Group (see 9.7.1 below). The interdisciplinary nature of this in-
  house group reflects the principles of the “Sharing conservation decisions” course, which
  has become a regular ICCROM event. As well as coordinating ICCROM’s research
  function, one of its main tasks will be to design the project to celebrate the first fifty years
  of ICCROM’s work.

  The advocacy to different audiences of the importance of cultural conservation (cf. SD 6
  above) remains a priority. Informally, it is inherent in much of ICCROM’s daily work.
  More formally, advocacy activities are built into programmes (e.g. ATHAR); other ad
  hoc contributions to advocacy work will continue to be organized.




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  5.2    ICCROM’s long-term programmes

  Since the launching of PREMA in the late 1980s, ICCROM’s long-term programmes
  have depended very heavily on funding external to ICCROM’s regular budget. A number
  of governments through their development co-operation agencies and other foundations
  have generously made voluntary contributions to make possible these programmes. The
  identification of external funding partners will continue to be a main challenge for
  ICCROM in coming years.

  All ICCROM long-term programmes are designed to result in continuing initiatives in the
  regions concerned after formal collaborative programmes have concluded (cf. SD 5
  above). Africa provides a good example, with the successful founding of EPA and
  PMDA following the PREMA programme. The Africa 2009 programme has maintained
  this momentum and in 2006 EPA and PMDA are planned to become formal partners of
  the programme.

  The momentum of the ITUC programme (1995-2005) is also maintained through the
  incorporation of ITUC principles in teaching programmes directed by ITUC participants,
  but more formally through regional networks. In Latin America (CECI, Recife, Brazil)
  and in the Baltic states (centred on Vilnius, Lithuania) and in the southern Caucasus
  ITUC-influenced activities are reaching a wider audience on a continuing basis, with
  ICCROM playing a supporting role.

  The main features that have allowed programmes such as TERRA, Africa 2009 and
  ITUC to have an impact have in turn influenced the design of subsequent programmes
  (e.g. ATHAR, CollAsia). It is worth summarizing some of the means that contribute to
  their achieving their ends:

         -   inviting the national Directors of cultural heritage in the region to a seminar in
             the final week of courses as part of policy review

         -   creating an active network of former course participants and teachers, and
             using them as a resource for follow-up activities

         -   providing a variety of professional development opportunities (courses,
             internships, fellowships, scholarships, exchanges, roles as course assistants,
             teachers, coordinators, course directors)

         -   providing access to information, publications, equipment.

         -   helping to establish laboratories with appropriate levels of equipment, and
             providing training to staff on its installation and use.


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  The selection of participants for training courses follows rigorous criteria (formal
  nominations are not accepted), which include:

     1.   National of a Member State
     2.   Government employee or other official status
     3.   Recommendation by the employer
     4.   Potential benefit from participation
     5.   Previous experience (including language ability)
     6.   Scope for training others on return
     7.   Funding available


  These criteria apply to the selection of applicants to all courses organized by ICCROM
  and, subject to the agreement of its partners, to courses organized in collaboration with
  other institutions.



6. BUDGET NEEDED TO IMPLEMENT PROGRAMME

  The budget proposed in Part B employs the principle of Zero Real Growth (ZRG), which
  was approved by the 23rd General Assembly in November 2003. The regular budget has
  therefore been estimated using a 5.2% increase to allow for the expected inflation rate
  during the period 2006-2007.

  Estimated mandatory increases in personnel costs during the same period are estimated at
  8%. ICCROM will therefore be absorbing these additional costs during the biennium.




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                        A. ICCROM PROGRAMME 2006-2007

  DESCRIPTION OF INDIVIDUAL PROGRAMMES


  The following description lists the proposed programmes for the Biennium 2006-2007,
  together with the justification for them and the projects and activities that are designed to
  implement their goals.


  Programmes


     1. ICCROM Forum
     2. Preventive conservation
     3. Sharing conservation decisions
     4. CollAsia (for SE Asian collections)
     5. Archival and library collections conservation
     6. Conservation of the built heritage
     7. Africa 2009
     8. ATHĀR (Jordan, Lebanon, Syria)


1. ICCROM FORUM (ICCROM FUNDS €50,000)


  The Forum is an international meeting, held normally at ICCROM, at which the latest
  thinking on a broad conservation theme is shared. Participation is by invitation only.
  ICCROM has as one of its statutory functions to co-ordinate and stimulate research on
  the scientific, technical and ethical issues relating to cultural conservation. One aim of the
  Forum is to have ICCROM recognized as one of the leading centres for the most
  advanced thinking about such issues.
  The Forum is a regular biennial event, coming under the Director-General’s Office, and
  organized by a small working group among the staff members. The aim is to publish the
  proceedings of a Forum within one year of its taking place.


  The provisional topic proposed for the Forum meeting in 2007 is:

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  “The privatisation of conservation”


  The Forum will review the evident trends in some regions towards the privatisation of
  conservation. By this is meant the increasing outsourcing (or contracting out) by
  Government of conservation projects to the private sector. This trend has been evident in
  North America and Western Europe for some time, but is apparent now also in other parts
  of the world (e.g. Latin America). It has a number of implications with respect to
  Governments’ responsibilities towards heritage conservation, with respect to the
  professional training and employment of conservators, and with respect to fundamental
  issues such as documentation and maintenance work. The Forum will consider these and
  related issues.
  Previous Forum themes:
  2003. Living religious heritage: conserving the sacred
  2005. Armed conflict and the conservation of identity.



2. PREVENTIVE CONSERVATION               (ICCROM FUNDS €63,000)


  Justification
  It is essential to ensure appropriate responses to the primary preservation needs of
  collections (whether in museums, libraries or archives) in every country and region.
  Especially in the light of its long history of pioneering approaches to the care of
  collections, ICCROM continues to have a key role to play in diffusing widely the most
  up-to-date knowledge and methodologies in preventive conservation, and ensuring that
  they can be appropriately applied in a variety of contexts.

  2.1     Training of trainers in preventive conservation

  In each of the last two biennia, ICCROM and the Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI)
  have co-operated to organize an international course for trainers and collections managers
  (in Ottawa in June 2003, and at ICCROM in June 2005). In this biennium, ICCROM will
  focus on the dissemination and application at regional or national levels of the knowledge
  and methodologies of modern preventive conservation

  Proposed regions: (a) Latin America, and (b) Eastern Europe.

  Based on the experience and the professional network established through the two
  previous international courses, ICCROM will collaborate with a leading institution in
  each of the regions indicated. The collaboration will include contribution to the design,
  implementation, and evaluation of a three-week training initiative.


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                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  The regional programmes will be developed in response to priority themes identified by
  participants of the previous courses, and other issues raised by professionals in the
  regions concerned. These will include the concept and application of risk management
  methodology, on the one hand, and the application of standards and guidelines in
  preventive conservation on the other.

  Efforts will be made to provide others with easy access to the information and materials
  produced for these courses (especially through the ICCROM and partners’ websites).

  Of equal importance, ICCROM will follow the participants’ post-course activities, in
  order to establish working relationships with their home institutions, to provide support,
  but also to learn how good results are achieved so that teaching approaches and content
  can be adapted. Follow-up will include facilitating access to specialized resources and
  expert advice, encouraging networking and exchange of information, and discussing and
  disseminating experiences after the course.


  2.2     Consultation seminar

  Since 2000, the Collections Unit has regularly invited a selection of current partner
  institutions to evaluate the immediate results of activities and to propose future
  orientations. These seminars are designed to profit from suggestions and
  recommendations based on experience of partnership with ICCROM in order to help
  prepare the draft programme and budget for the next biennium.


3. SHARING CONSERVATION DECISIONS (ICCROM FUNDS €53,500)
  Justification
  There is a continuous need to strengthen further interdisciplinary decision-making in
  conservation and restoration, to develop common discourses and unifying themes, while
  recognizing and celebrating approaches and methods which are rooted in different
  cultures. Thus, the regular activities proposed under this rubric are both international in
  participation, with one taking place at ICCROM itself and the other in Japan.

  3.1     Sharing Conservation Decisions course

  The two four-week international courses on this topic organized in 2002 and 2004 in
  Rome and Florence, in collaboration with the ICR, OPD, and INP, have demonstrated
  amply their value to decision-makers in the conservation world. In view of the positive
  response to this initiative, and the high numbers of qualified applicants, ICCROM
  proposes to make this course a regular event organized once every two years. The next
  course would take place in 2006.



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                                                                   Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  The course addresses the processes involved in decision-making in conservation,
  engaging professionals from a wide background of institutional contexts (both built and
  movable heritage), and a variety of disciplines. Important issues include the notion of
  cultural project and the role of the cultural heritage values in conservation decisions, the
  review of conservation principles and approaches, the impact of legislation frameworks
  and of government and private funding programmes, the challenges and assets of an
  interdisciplinary approach and the need to work with the communities.


  3.2     East meets West - Japanese and Western conservation traditions

  ICCROM can draw upon substantial past successful experience in organizing Japanese
  Paper and Lacquer Conservation courses, working in collaboration with the National
  Research Institute for Conservation of Cultural Properties in Tokyo and other Japanese
  heritage authorities. Participation in these regular courses is highly competitive, attracting
  as they do a large number of applications from experienced conservators worldwide for
  only a few places.

  ICCROM will continue to work with its Japanese partners to organize two three-week
  workshops (in 2006 on paper, and in 2007 on lacquer). These courses focus on exchange
  and comparison between the two conservation traditions of East and West.

4. COLLASIA 2010 (ICCROM FUNDS €60,000)

  CollAsia 2010 is a seven-year programme begun in 2004, after being approved by
  ICCROM’s XXIIIrd General Assembly in November 2003.

  Its aim is to improve the conditions for the conservation of heritage collections of
  Southeast Asia. It is implemented by ICCROM in partnership with SEAMEO-SPAFA,
  the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Regional Centre for
  Archaeology and Fine Arts, based in Bangkok, Thailand.

  Justification

  Collections in Southeast Asia face a number of threats. During the planning seminar
  organized by ICCROM and SPAFA in 2002, participating Southeast Asian heritage
  professionals and institutions highlighted the various issues faced by heritage collections,
  and recommended that a mid-term programme, co-managed by ICCROM and SPAFA, be
  implemented to address them.

  Programme objectives

  The CollAsia 2010 programme’s objectives are:

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                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007




        •   Increased awareness and knowledge about objects in Asian collections (materials,
            construction methods, sensitivity and conservation)
        •   Increased capacity of institutions and increased resources for professionals to
            implement conservation strategies, including local preventive conservation
            initiatives
        •   Functional tools established to support the dynamic development and interaction
            of regional networks of institutions and professionals

  The CollAsia 2010 programme builds on and consolidates the experience acquired by
  ICCROM through activities implemented during the 2004-2005 biennium, as well as
  through various pilot activities implemented during the 2002-2003 biennium. Examples
  include the workshop on the conservation of objects of flexible materials in Kuala
  Lumpur, Malaysia (2003), and the training workshop on preventive conservation
  strategies in Southeast Asia in Bangkok, Thailand (2002). The 2006-2007 biennium
  coincides with the last two years of the programme’s building phase (2004-2007). In
  partnership with CollAsia 2010 partners, the following activities will be implemented:


  4.1       International workshops (2006 and 2007)

  Each 3-week workshop focuses on a specific topic or material and is run every year
  alternatively in one country of Southeast Asia and one country outside that region.
  Participants include professionals from the region and beyond, working with Asian
  heritage collections. The workshop is based on a problem-solving approach and will seek
  to develop and build on existing skills.

  Tentative locations: 2006: Europe; 2007: Asia

  Note: the locations selected for 2006-2007 will depend on the advice of the CollAsia
  Steering Committee and on the interest of a national leading institution in the region.
  Negotiations will start in 2005.



  4.2       Sub-regional field project (2007)
  Each three-month field project takes place in a museum or other institution holding
  collections in Southeast Asia. Through training and awareness activities, it focuses on
  bringing about visible improvements in the conditions in which collections are conserved
  and exhibited. Efforts will be made to capture the experience and methods developed
  during the field project, and to disseminate them through the CollAsia website

  Tentative location: (a) the Philippines or (b) Cambodia



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                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  Note: the location selected for 2006-2007 will depend on the advice of the CollAsia
  Steering committee and on the capacities of a national leading institution in the region.


  4.3     CollAsia 2010 website and directory (2006-2007)
  The CollAsia 2010 website provides resources in the area of conservation, based on the
  materials developed or used for the various workshops and field-projects. The website
  offers links with other resource institutions and is a forum for communications about
  Asian heritage collections.

  The CollAsia 2010 directory is a searchable database of professionals and institutions. It
  enables access to local expertise and facilitates communications and collaboration
  mechanisms at the regional level.

  Location: Bangkok, Thailand (SPAFA)


  4.4     Staff Development Service (2006-2007)

  Individual and institutional matching grants are provided to support conservation
  improvements, translation of resource-materials in national languages and participation in
  scientific conferences and internships. This is an essential component for on-going
  learning of professionals in the region.


  4.5     Partner meeting (2006)

  Partner meetings bring together partners and beneficiaries to monitor the programme,
  review activities and budgets, and define future needs and orientations.

  Proposed location: Bangkok, Thailand (SPAFA)



5. ARCHIVES AND LIBRARY COLLECTIONS CONSERVATION (ICCROM FUNDS
     €58,500)
  Justification

  Archive and library holdings represent an extensive and important aspect of heritage all
  over the world. Governmental and other public institutions, universities, religious entities
  and other local and national institutions house innumerable archival and library
  collections. Many of them are subject to frequent consultation, ranging from specialist
  collections being studied by scholars to legal and property records being consulted by
  citizens.
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                                                                  Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007




  The conceptual and practical aspects of the creation, management and preservation of
  digital materials is one of the greatest challenges facing archival institutions today. The
  move to the information age has been swift, and the basic nature of digital archives is
  being studied and discussed in different parts of the world. At the same time, far-reaching
  and high-level decisions are being taken in archival institutions of different countries.
  The conservation profession must be a constructive and useful partner in this process.

  Those in charge of preservation of archive holdings need regularly to update their
  knowledge and skills in working with the new kinds of materials that are being added to
  the collections. A new approach is necessary in all aspects of their work, ranging from
  facility design to disaster preparedness, preservation and handling policies and other core
  areas of preservation practice.

  At the same time the problems posed by the vast amounts of rapidly deteriorating paper-
  based holdings are far from being solved. The conservation profession needs to continue
  to develop and implement solutions for sound preservation practice in this area.


  5.1    Conservation of Sound and Image Archives
  Building on its previous experience of organizing courses in the area of conservation of
  archival holdings, ICCROM proposes to focus for two biennia (2006-2009) on the
  preservation of sound and image collections in archives. These collections include
  photographs, films, audiotapes, videotapes, and digital images. Many of them constitute
  invaluable records of a past that is now lost (e.g. language, music, dance, festivals, etc.).

  These collections are particularly threatened because of their limited life-time compared
  with other archive media. They also present new technical problems, especially recent
  collections such as colour pictures, videotapes, and digital images, which require new
  solutions and approaches. On the other hand, the potential users of such collections are
  numerous, ranging from members of the public to the archives professional, whether
  archivist, conservator, or curator.

  The aim is to create an international team of specialized professionals which will serve as
  a network for disseminating better conservation practice for sound and image archives.
  During each of the biennia 2006-2007 and 2008-2009, the network will be developed
  with the international participants and teachers of a three-week course on the topic. The
  fifty or so participants and teachers, in total, will help ICCROM evaluate the relevance of
  the course approach and content, and develop case studies for wider dissemination.

  Close contact and possibly formal collaboration will be maintained with the other
  international organizations dealing with archival holdings, such as ICA and IFLA.

  The programme will address the real-life challenges of archive professionals working
  within an institutional context. The international courses will review the preservation
  challenges presented by the diverse media in these collections, the options available for
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                                                                Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  action, and how to evaluate them and make informed decisions. The local community
  (the users) where the course is hosted will be included in these activities.


  5.2     Conservation of manuscript collections

  In response to several requests that ICCROM receives and firsthand observations, a sub-
  programme devoted to the preventive conservation of manuscript collections will be
  developed. The sub-programme may initially have a geographic focus on the
  Mediterranean and Islamic worlds. Manuscript collections of great historical value are
  now subject to increased demands for access, with resulting risks from inappropriate
  handling, transfer and exposure to inappropriate environmental conditions.

  The nature of the sub-programme is foreseen primarily as taking the form of responses to
  ad hoc requests at national level. However, these may accumulatively make possible a
  general needs assessment in this field which in turn will allow a pro-active programme to
  be developed.


6. CONSERVATION OF THE BUILT HERITAGE
  Justification

  ICCROM has been organizing courses in architectural conservation courses since 1965 at
  its headquarters in Rome. The regular annual course (ARC) in Rome was discontinued in
  1998 pending an independent evaluation of its impact and a decision on future directions
  for architectural conservation at ICCROM. In the meantime, other courses and
  programmes related to conservation of the built heritage have been implemented. These
  include the regular courses on conservation of wood, stone, and modern architecture, as
  well as larger, long-term programmes and projects such as the Project Terra, ITUC,
  AFRICA 2009, NAMEC, and ATHAR.

  Conservation of the built heritage has been, and remains, one of the key areas of
  ICCROM’s work. At its 67th meeting in November 2003, the ICCROM Council asked the
  Secretariat to develop a proposal for a long-term Architectural Conservation Programme.
  Simultaneously, a working group of Council reviewed previous ICCROM achievements
  and the current needs in architectural conservation, arriving at conclusions that coincide
  well with the programme set forth below.

  A new long-term programme at ICCROM can be justified for several reasons.

  1. ICCROM, as one of the leaders in the field of architectural conservation worldwide,
     must develop the appropriate actions in order to continue to make a significant
     contribution to the field.


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                                                                  Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  2. In general, approaches to the conservation of architectural structures need to be better
     integrated with those of archaeological sites, urban settlements and cultural
     landscapes.

  3. ICCROM’s current actions in this field call for a more logical structure, one that will
     facilitate, amongst other aims, the follow-up to recently concluded programmes such
     as ITUC.

  4. There is a need to provide a series of core activities in built heritage conservation that
     are regularly scheduled at ICCROM (as recommended by the Council working
     group).


  Programme Objective and Approach
  In the light of changing needs in the field of architectural conservation, a flexible
  programme that can be adjusted over the long term is advisable. The programme
  proposed here takes account both of Council recommendations and of a number of recent
  external evaluation reports on ICCROM’s activities in the architectural conservation
  field.

  The general objective of the programme for Conservation of the Built Heritage is:

  •   To strengthen the application of integrated approaches to the practice of conservation
      of the built heritage.

  The objective will be achieved by emphasizing the following approaches:

  1. strengthening links between conservation practice for immovable and for movable
     heritage
  2. stressing preventive conservation approaches and linking these to intervention-driven
     conservation practice
  3. strengthening links between managerial and the technical approaches to conservation
  4. promoting the appropriate use of interdisciplinary conservation processes
  5. promoting the appreciation and application of traditional construction systems in
     conservation
  6. advocating the inclusion of risk preparedness in management approaches for
     conservation
  7. integrating science-based and craft-based approaches to conservation practice.



  Programme Strategy

  The strategy responds to the objective described above by re-thinking current ICCROM
  activities in conservation of the built heritage and making them part of an explicit

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                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  strategy with a logical framework. There will be consequently greater benefits derived
  from their relationships to one another and from their links to the field at large. The
  strategy consists of core activities and thematic sub-programmes.

  Core activities are the central actions of the programme, and involve education and
  training, research, networking, and dissemination of information related to the general
  field of conservation of the built heritage. These activities may take the form of courses,
  workshops, seminars, research projects and publications. Core activities will often take
  place at ICCROM headquarters in Rome, but may also be implemented at other venues.

  Thematic sub-programmes are activities in defined areas of conservation of the built
  heritage. These sub-programmes could be related to technical (e.g. specific building
  materials) or to management-related issues. These sub-programmes may be relatively
  modest in scope or may take on a significant weight of their own.

  Strong links will be built between the core activities and the thematic sub-programmes.
  For example, preference would be given to applicants wishing to switch between one and
  the other. A similar system of preferences would apply for participation in related
  programmes at ICCROM. This “cross-over” potential will strengthen the network of
  participant professionals and ensure that lessons learned in one activity could be used to
  strengthen others. Built into both types of activities will be mechanisms for evaluation,
  continuous updating of needs, and exploration of newly emerging issues.




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ICCROM
                         Proposed ICCROM Programme
                        Conservation of the Built Heritage
                                                        Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007
                                   2006-2015

MANAGEMENT-RELATED                                                     TECHNICAL-RELATED
     ACTIVITIES                    CORE ACTIVITIES
                                                                           ACTIVITIES

                                   Advanced International
                                      Core Course on
                                     Conservation of the
                                    Built Heritage (Rome)


                                                                            Conservation of
                                   Advanced International                       Wood
                                    Courses on Special
                                   Topics of Conservation
                                    of the Built Heritage
                                           (Rome)
                                                                            Conservation of
                                                                                Stone
                                          Research
                                    1. Advanced Workshops/
  Living Heritage                           Seminars
                                      2. Scientific Research
       Sites
  (follow-up to ITUC)                                                          Earthen
                                                                             Architecture

                                         Networking

  Archaeological
       Site
   Management                      Technical Support and                       Modern
                                      Field Activities                       Architecture



                                   Publication of Results
                                                                               Decorated
                                                                               Surfaces

                                       Evaluation and
                                        Programme
                                        Adjustment




                           Related Programmes at ICCROM


                                                                  Future
                        AFRICA             ATHAR                 Regional
                                                               Programmes
                         2009
                                                                   to be
                                            (Arab               Developed
                        (Africa)           Region)
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    ICCROM
                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  Proposed Activities for 2006 - 2007

  6.1    Core Activities

  In the biennium 2006 – 2007, ICCROM will begin to implement some of the activities
  seen in the long-term framework 2006-2015 (see Figure 1). It is expected that in future
  biennia, additional new activities will be introduced as the existing ones are consolidated
  and improved. For instance, the first International Course on Special Topics (see 6.1.2
  below), in 2007, will be the course on Architectural Records, Inventories and Information
  Systems for Conservation that already has been successfully held at ICCROM.
  Subsequent courses on special topics may have a different theme.

  The following activities are foreseen for the 2006 – 2007 biennium:

        6.1.1 International Core Course on Conservation of the Built Heritage (to be held
  in Rome in 2006) (ICCROM FUNDS €122,000)

  This course is intended as the flagship course for the Conservation of the Built Heritage
  programme. Subject to an evaluation of the first course, it will be held every other year
  (2006, 2008, etc). The first (pilot) course of two months will take place in 2006 in Rome.
  It will give participants the latest thinking about conservation of the built heritage,
  drawing upon both theory and practice. In 2006, this course will focus primarily on
  technical issues related to conservation of the built heritage, primarily structural and
  material-based. It will, however, place these issues within the broader conservation
  context to link the technical issues to larger planning and management concerns. The
  course will be designed for approximately 20 participants, with a preference for roughly
  one-third of the places being given to professionals who have taken part in other
  ICCROM activities.

          6.1.2 International Course on Special Topics in Conservation of the Built Heritage
  (to be held in Rome in 2007) (ICCROM FUNDS €42,450)

  Architectural Records, Inventories and Information Systems for Conservation (ARIS07).

  Good conservation decisions are made with acknowledge of the significance, history,
  past interventions, and current conditions of cultural resources. Records, inventories, and
  information management tools are continuously being developed and must be considered
  a fundamental part of the conservation process. This advanced course addresses the
  methodology and techniques for acquiring and using this knowledge.

  This course was successfully introduced in 2003 (ARIS03) and repeated in 2005
  (ARIS05), this time as a collaborative venture with the GCI. The strong demand for the
  course justifies the proposal for a third course in 2007 (ARIS07).


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                                                                Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  The course draws upon the vast wealth of cultural material in Rome and is taught by
  leading experts in the field. It approaches architectural records and information
  management from the point of view of planning, practice, access and dissemination;
  reviewing the theory of documentation and recording; addressing recording practice
  based on case studies; promoting discussion among specialists in these fields; and
  enabling participants to transmit documentation knowledge, aptitudes and skills.

  A further aim is to make the teaching materials available through appropriate means
  (publication, training resource materials packages, etc.) to appropriate target groups
  (teachers, trainers, etc.). The course will be designed for a maximum of 20 participants,
  with a preference for roughly 1/3 of the places being given to professionals who taken
  part in other ICCROM activities.
           6.1.3 Research activity 1: Preparation of Statements of Significance (ICCROM
  Staff; funds nil)

  Much attention has been paid to the importance of values-based conservation over the
  last 20 years in the conservation field. In spite of growing acceptance of this approach,
  the capacity to write effective significance statements is not well developed. This is
  nowhere more evident than in the World Heritage process where the requirement that
  States Parties accompany their nomination documents with statements of significance has
  not produced the sorts of statements that would be effective instruments for guiding site
  interventions that respect heritage values. This research activity would be carried out in
  close cooperation with a number of ICCROM Member States who have had a good
  experience in developing such statements (for example, Australia, Canada).

  An initial expert meeting to clarify basic concepts would lead to work with a consultant
  to develop appropriate guideline documents. These would be designed to help users
  produce useful statements of significance. Because of its relevance to World Heritage
  work, the UNESCO World Heritage Centre and/or other World Heritage partners may be
  asked to be involved in this initiative. The GCI has also had a strong initiative in this
  area and might be a valuable partner for this project. Funding may also be sought from
  the World Heritage Fund as part of it capacity-building role within the Convention.

         6.1.4 Research activity 2: Developing Appropriate Management Systems for
  Heritage Sites (ICCROM Staff; funds nil)

  ICCROM has played an important role in increasing the attention paid to management
  needs for heritage sites over the last fifteen years. Beginning with the Management
  Guidelines for World Heritage Cultural Sites (Feilden and Jokilehto) in 1993, ICCROM
  has produced a number of publications on specific planning issues and has focused many
  of its programmes (ITUC, AFRICA 2009, Asian Living Heritage Sites Management, etc.)
  on the issue of better management of cultural heritage sites. Nevertheless, as concepts
  continue to develop, there is a need to rethink the way that we describe effective site
  management.

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                                                                   Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  Evolving approaches to integrated conservation, participatory planning, monitoring,
  traditional conservation and management systems, to name but a few, require that we
  develop a way to better define effective management so that it will be practical for
  practitioners in the field. In addition, emphasis needs to be given to different
  management approaches that are based on regional and cultural considerations, rather
  than sustaining an over-reliance on “Western” style management plans. ICCROM is
  uniquely qualified, given its many years of continuing experience in this area in all parts
  of the world, to take the lead in re-thinking various approaches to management and in
  producing a contemporary set of Guidelines which can assist site managers in all
  contexts.
  An initial expert meeting to clarify basic concepts will lead to work with a consultant to
  develop appropriate guideline documents. These would be designed to help users to
  design effective management systems for their sites. Because of its relevance to World
  Heritage work, the World Heritage Centre and/or other World Heritage partners may be
  asked to be involved in this initiative. The GCI may also be asked to participate given its
  longstanding interest in this topic. Funding may also be sought from the World Heritage
  Fund as part of it capacity-building role within the Convention.


  6.2      Thematic sub-programmes
  6.2.1    Living Heritage Sites
  Justification

  The Living Heritage Sites Thematic Sub-programme is based on two premises:

  •     that heritage sites need to be understood as living places, where efforts to improve
        understanding and conservation of the sites must be linked to the values, interests and
        capacities of the populations that live within and around them, and who are the true
        long-term custodians of these sites;
  •     that these sites must be seen as the embodiment of significant values, where effective
        site management requires that as much attention be given to the conditions for
        retaining these values as to those for preserving the material fabric that contains and
        supports the site’s activities.

  The concept of living heritage can apply across a range of site typologies including
  archaeological sites, individual buildings, urban and rural settlements, cultural landscapes
  and others.

  During the past ten years, ICCROM has developed the living heritage concept as a
  natural outgrowth of the integrated approach to urban and territorial conservation, as
  embodied in the ITUC programme (1996-2005). Although ITUC has now reached its
  conclusion, ICCROM intends to continue to promote the idea of living heritage by means
  of a variety of follow-up activities to ITUC. Some of these are related to urban and

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                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  landscape conservation, and others to the conservation of archaeological and other types
  of sites.

  Goal, Objectives, and Desired Outcome

  The goal of the Living Heritage thematic sub-programme is to promote awareness of the
  living heritage approach to the management of heritage sites and to create the tools
  necessary for heritage managers to successfully engage with local populations in the
  continued long-term conservation and maintenance of sites using this approach.

  The objectives of the Living Heritage thematic sub-programme are to:

  •   strengthen the awareness and sensitivity of heritage administrators and managers at
      national and local levels to the advantages and means of implementation of a living
      heritage approach
  •   strengthen efforts to retain local craft traditions useful in the care of heritage sites
  •   increase attention given to living heritage site management issues in conservation
      training programmes for site managers and professionals

  By realizing these objectives, the following broad changes and improvements in heritage
  management can be achieved:

  •   strengthened use of the resources, traditions, and know-how of local people in
      management and direct care of heritage sites;
  •   strengthened support for religious activities and functions played by temples,
      monasteries and sacred places set within “historic sites”;
  •   strengthened traditional land use and farming practices necessary to sustain
      community health and survival;
  •   strengthened attention to all of the necessary components (social, economic,
      environmental, and cultural) which must be taken into account in order to
      successfully manage living heritage sites of all types.

         6.2.1.1 Urban Conservation (ICCROM FUNDS €11,000)

  As a follow-up to the ITUC programme, which was concluded in the 2004 – 2005
  biennium, ICCROM will continue to work in an advisory capacity with partners where
  regional ITUC activities were focused. It will continue to work with CECI at the
  University of Pernambuco in Brazil as it expands its ITUC-based distance-learning
  course in Latin America, and will also continue to support ITUC initiatives in the Baltic
  countries. It will also facilitate exchanges of personnel working on urban revitalization
  projects between these countries and other former Soviet states such as Georgia and
  Azerbaijan, in which it has already participated in 2003-2004 for the conservation of the
  cities of Tbilisi and Baku.

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ICCROM
                                                                  Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  An evaluation will also be carried out of the ten-year ITUC programme to assess its long-
  term impact. The evaluation study will be carried out by a team of ICCROM staff and
  external evaluation experts.

         6.2.1.2 Living Heritage Sites in Asia – Mekong River Project (ICCROM FUNDS
  €41,500)

  In 2004 – 2005, ICCROM launched the Mekong River Project to include both research
  and training activities in Thailand. The intention was that, through “research”, one or
  more pilot projects could be established in Thailand (one of the five Mekong River
  countries - Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Viet Nam) and that lessons learned
  from the pilot projects could be channelled into a follow-up training activity to be held
  for all the Mekong River countries. Two sites are being explored with the Thailand
  Department of Fine Arts and SPAFA as possible pilot projects: the small historic city of
  Phrae and an archaeological site in the northern province of Nan.

  In 2006 and 2007, it is proposed to continue the Mekong River project, initially proposed
  as a five-year programme, to:

  •   consolidate and develop further the pilot projects initiated in Thailand;
  •   initiate pilot projects in one or more of the other Mekong River countries;
  •   continue regional training activities based on lessons gained from pilot projects;
  •   begin to disseminate more widely lessons learned, through publications and
      promotional activities aimed at political and community leaders around the region
      and beyond. This would include specifically a “Community Mobilization Handbook”,
      written in one or more local languages for community leaders interested in
      strengthening community support for, and participation in, heritage conservation.

         6.2.1.3 Asian Academy for Heritage Management (ICCROM FUNDS €14,000)

  The Asian Academy for Heritage Management was established in 2002 by ICCROM and
  the UNESCO Regional Office in Bangkok. Its aim is to provide network support to those
  education and training institutions in Asia that wish to strengthen their capacity to deliver
  effective courses and programmes for management of heritage places. From this common
  platform, which now includes more than 30 members from 14 countries, the members
  carry out joint projects.

  One of the most important initiatives has been the development of Field Schools
  organized by member institutions. The first of these was carried out in Macao in
  December 2003 by the University of Hong Kong School of Architecture and the Macao
  Institute of Tourism, in close co-operation with ICCROM and UNESCO Bangkok. This
  Field School was organized to explore urban conservation issues, using a Macao
  neighbourhood as a field project. The second field school is scheduled to take place in

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  2005 in Hanoi in partnership with the Hanoi School of Architecture, Deakin University in
  Australia, and other partners of the Asian Academy.

  ICCROM will support one of the field school activities of the Asian Academy for
  Heritage Management during the 2006 – 2007 biennium. The exact location of the field
  school will be determined in consultation with the partners in the Asian Academy. In
  order to take advantage of possible funding from the World Heritage Fund, site selection
  may be limited to World Heritage sites.

  ICCROM will also support the networking activities of the Asian Academy for Heritage
  Management in collaboration with the UNESCO Regional Office in Bangkok by helping
  to support the small secretariat set up in the UNESCO Office for this purpose. ICCROM
  and UNESCO Bangkok have recently concluded an agreement to support development
  and coordination of the activities of the Asian Academy for Heritage Management
  through 2006-2007.

  By 2007, member institutions are expected to take on the responsibilities of coordination.
  More specifically, ICCROM will support the Asian Academy for Heritage Management
  secretariat in managing and communicating with members, building membership, and
  supporting development of scientific projects within the Asian Academy for Heritage
  Management.

         6.2.1.4 Cultural Landscapes (ICCROM Staff; funds nil)

  ICCROM has been asked to collaborate in an advisory capacity with a new programme at
  the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) on conservation of
  agricultural landscapes. The Globally Important Ingenious Agricultural Heritage
  Systems Programme (GIAHS) is intended to improve food security by strengthening
  support for traditional food production systems. This long-term programme, funded by
  the Global Environment Facility (GEF), will explore the means to support survival of
  significant agricultural heritage systems through pilot projects representative of the
  systems. Acting within the programme as an advisor for cultural heritage will allow
  ICCROM to gain a number of benefits relevant to components of the Conservation of the
  Built Heritage programme, AFRICA 2009, and other programmes and activities at
  ICCROM. These benefits will come through:

  •   gaining insights into various methodological approaches to ensuring survival of these
      systems;
  •   gaining access to key lessons learned in the three Asian test-case pilot projects
      currently being planned (in India, Iran and China) and pilot projects in other regions.

  ICCROM’s experience in transforming project experiences into training materials could
  also assist FAO in doing the same for defined target audiences within the world of
  agriculture.

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  6.2.2   Conservation and management of archaeological sites
  Justification

  ICCROM has long been involved with this topic. Recent trends in the field have changed
  the orientation of work in this field in two important ways: (1) the move towards an
  insistence on management approaches based upon identifying the values attached to a site
  (see Research Activity no. 6.1.3 above), and (2) the recognition that many
  “archaeological” sites should be viewed – and actively managed – as living sites. These
  trends have been reflected for some time in the approaches of programmes such as
  TERRA and Africa 2009.

  Through editing the journal with the same name “Conservation and management of
  archaeological sites”, ICCROM has monitored developments in this field and publicised
  new thinking and solutions. In the biennium 2004-2005, it began a more systematic
  approach to the conservation of archaeological sites and the finds from their excavations.
  The first region to benefit from this was the Arab region, specifically the Member States
  of Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. They were the principal focus of the ATHAR programme
  (see 8 below).

  Following the creation in 2004 of a new sub-unit in archaeological site conservation,
  systematic work in this field has expanded beyond this programme. While responding
  generally to the requests for advice in this field, the sub-unit has developed a further
  proactive project, in the geographical region of Southeast Europe and the Caucasus.

  Archaeological conservation in SE Europe and the Caucasus (ICCROM Staff; funds nil)

  Since the beginning of 2004, there have been several requests from Member States in
  South-East Europe and in the Southern Caucasus expressing needs in the field of
  conservation of archaeological sites (particularly Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania and
  Serbia). Recent technical missions carried out by ICCROM to Azerbaijan (March 2003),
  Bulgaria (March 2004) and Georgia (March 2003, April 2004) confirmed the existence of
  such needs. There seems to be an ample variety of problematics, ranging from the
  excavation and retrieval of materials, the conservation, maintenance and management of
  archaeological remains in situ, the conservation, display and storage of archaeological
  materials within museum environments and the conservation of mural paintings in
  archaeological settings.

  In 2004-2005, ICCROM conducted a course on preventive archaeological conservation
  for Serbia (December 2004), followed by a field course combining theory and practice
  (summer 2005).



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  Objectives of the programme

      •   Build capacity of the conservation professionals in the region for the planning and
          management of archaeological heritage;
      •   Develop capacity to solve complex conservation and management problems;
      •   Develop research on specific topics, such as management, monitoring and
          evaluation methods;
      •   Improve awareness of the value of cultural heritage and its conservation, among
          government officials, decision-makers and the general public;

          6.2.2.1 Theoretical and practical course on archaeological conservation in Serbia
                   (2006)

  This would be the second campaign of the field course developed on an active excavation
  site in Serbia which started in summer 2005. Participation would continue to be regional,
  i.e. the countries of Southeast Europe, with possible extension to the Caucasus countries.

          6.2.2.2 Course on planning and management within governmental organizations
                  (2006)

  This course would be aimed at conservation professionals with the objective of
  improving the capacity to develop appropriate management and conservation plans for
  archaeological heritage, within a governmental structure.

          6.2.2.3 Workshop for government officials and policy makers related with cultural
                   heritage (2007)

  This workshop would aim at gathering governmental officials and policy makers dealing
  with cultural heritage, in order to improve their awareness on the values of archaeological
  heritage and the implications related with its adequate conservation.
  6.2.3   Conservation of Wood (ICCROM Funds €20,000)

  International Course on Wood Conservation Technology (to be held in Oslo, Norway, in
  2006): The 1st International Course on Wood Conservation Technology was held in
  Trondheim, Norway in 1984. Since its inception, approximately 200 participants have
  been trained on it. The year 2004 marked the 11th edition of the course, organized in
  Oslo by ICCROM’s partners the Norwegian Directorate of Cultural Heritage
  (Riksantikvaren), NTNU, and NIKU. The budget for the 2004 course was US$ 232,000,
  with over 50% being contributed by the Riksantikvaren and ICCROM contributing
  directly ca. 13% while also contributing substantially by taking part in participant
  selection, course development, and evaluation.

  The course partners have agreed to examine all aspects of the Wood Conservation course,
  including both its content and financing, in order to ensure that it is sustainable and

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  continues to meet the needs of the professional community. Thus discussions will be
  held in late 2004 and 2005, to ensure that future courses will be on a firm financial
  footing with a content revised to meet current needs. If adequate funding is secured and
  the necessary adaptations made to the content, the 12th edition of the course will be held
  in Oslo in 2006.

  Conservation of Wooden Structures in Asia and the Pacific (to be held in Nara, Japan, in
  2007): This course, a collaboration between the ACCU Nara Office, the Agency for
  Cultural Affairs of Japan, and ICCROM had its first edition in 2002. A second course
  was held in 2003 and it is expected that the next one will take place in 2005 and
  thereafter, every two years. A second course, on archaeological conservation, was held
  in 2000, 2001, and 2003, and discussions are currently underway to determine the form
  of ICCROM’s future partnership in this second course.

  6.2.4   Conservation of Stone (ICCROM Funds €82,152)

  International Course on the Technology of Stone Conservation (possibly to be held in
  2007): The course was founded in 1976 by UNESCO as part of a general response to the
  floods which damaged the cultural heritage of Venice. Up to 2003, fourteen editions of
  the course have been held. The course has been organized in partnership between
  ICCROM, the UNESCO Venice Office, the University of Venice, and the Private
  Committees for the Safeguarding of Venice, with ICCROM taking the lead role in
  organizing it. In 2003 ICCROM commissioned an evaluation of the previous five
  courses (1993 – 2001). Based on that evaluation and continued discussions within the
  Council, it was agreed that there was a need to rethink the content, structure, and
  administrative aspects of this course. Subject to the conclusions of this review, the 2007
  course is proposed to take place, possibly in Rome, in order to take advantage of
  ICCROM’s premises and learning infrastructure. Planning meetings are due to take place
  in 2005 with previous course partners and experts in the field to carry out the necessary
  redesign of the course.
  6.2.5   Conservation of Modern Architecture (ICCROM Funds €5,000)

  The MARC course was first held in 1999, following discussions held between ICCROM
  and the Finnish National Board of Antiquities. The course takes place on a three-year
  cycle, and treats both the theory and the practice of conservation of modern architecture.
  The first course, a partnership with the Board of Antiquities and the Helsinki University
  of Technology, focused on the conservation of landmark modern buildings. The second
  course in 2002, in partnership with the Board of Antiquities and the Alvar Aalto
  Academy, focused on conservation of a modern campus environment, including
  landscape issues. The third course, scheduled to take place in 2005 and postponed while
  awaiting the outcome of funding requests, is now announced to take place in Finland in
  2006. The topic will be the conservation of 1960s and 1970s suburban housing.



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  6.2.6   Conservation of earthen architecture (ICCROM Funds €10,000)
  Justification

  ICCROM’s recent activities in the conservation of earthen architecture have formed part
  of the 'Project Terra'. The Project was a collaborative activity of the International Centre
  for Earth Construction - School of Architecture (CRATerre-EAG) in Grenoble, the Getty
  Conservation Institute (GCI) in Los Angeles and ICCROM. On the proposal of the GCI,
  the Project Terra partnership agreement will be concluded in mid-2005 on the
  understanding that each party would continue to carry out its own activities in this field.

  Drawing upon the immense experience accumulated through participation in the Project
  Terra (and its predecessor GAIA project), ICCROM in 2006-2007 will continue to
  promote the conservation of earthen architecture. It is considered as a thematic sub-
  programme within the proposed Conservation of the Built Heritage programme.

  Within that programme, activities in 2006-2007 in earthen architecture conservation may
  form part of existing long-term programmes, notably Africa 2009 and ATHAR. During
  the biennium, a study will be carried out, in consultation with existing partners, of the
  need for specialized international courses on the topic. Further work will also be carried
  out on the study of the conservation of earthen architecture in the Mediterranean region,
  based upon the detailed consultant’s report produced by ICCROM within the Project
  Terra in 2004.


7. AFRICA 2009 (ICCROM STAFF; NIL FUNDS)
  Introduction

  In 1998, AFRICA 2009 was introduced at a regional meeting of African cultural heritage
  professionals held in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. The programme originated as a joint effort
  of ICCROM, the UNESCO World Heritage Centre, and CRATerre-EAG, in partnership
  with national African cultural heritage organizations. It is planned in 2006 that EPA and
  PMDA will become full partners in the programme. The period 1998 - 2001 was
  conceived of as the pilot phase for the programme. A core set of activities were
  gradually introduced and improved upon during this period. The pilot phase was
  successfully completed in December of 2001.

  The next phase of the programme, the Consolidation Phase (2002 – 2005), has been used
  to improve existing activities and introduce new ones along the lines recommended by
  the evaluation report and the Steering Committee of the programme. The Consolidation
  Phase of the programme ends in December 2005. An evaluation and Logical Framework
  seminar will be used to gauge the success of the second phase of the programme and to
  develop the activities for 2006 – 2009. For this reason, the programme and budget
  presented here (for the Council meeting of November 2004) is considered indicative
  only. At the conclusion of the Logical Framework seminar, scheduled for December
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  2004, a more definitive programme and budget for 2006 – 2009 will be developed for
  submission to the Council in time for the General Assembly of 2005.

  There are a number of important considerations related to the final phase of the
  programme. In the period 2006 – 2009 closer cooperation is planned with partners in the
  region, in particular with EPA and PMDA. This will ensure that activities which need to
  be continued after 2009 are taken up by regional or national institutions, in order to
  ensure their long-term sustainability. More details will be available following the next
  Steering Committee meeting and the Logical Framework Seminar.

  Programme Objective and Outputs

  The Programme Objective of AFRICA 2009 is to increase national capacity in Sub-
  Saharan Africa for management and conservation of immovable cultural heritage. The
  expected outputs of the programme are:

     •   national awareness as a means of promoting political, institutional, financial, and
         community commitment;
     •   trained national professionals and other skilled persons involved in the
         conservation and management of the immovable cultural in the participating
         countries;
     •   an active network for exchange of information and experiences;
     •   effective and efficient management and implementation of the programme.

  Programme Structure

  AFRICA 2009 is structured to take advantage of activities at two levels. Within the
  Projet Cadre regional activities are carried out. At the site level, the Projet Situés ensure
  that AFRICA 2009 is deeply rooted in the realities of the field while responding to
  specific needs of selected sites. During the final phase of the programme, the Steering
  Committee will be made up of four African cultural heritage professionals and one
  member each from the five institutional partner organizations. This Committee will
  continue to oversee the progress of the programme. The Secretariat of the programme is
  at ICCROM.

  Financial partners for the Projet Cadre through the conclusion of the Consolidation Phase
  include SIDA and the National Heritage Board of Sweden, NORAD, the Ministry of
  Foreign Affairs of Finland, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Italy, and the UNESCO
  World Heritage Fund. Projets Situés are funded in two ways. Some are implemented
  through the funding made available by the Projet Cadre, while others are funded on an
  individual basis from other funding sources.

  In regard to the Projet Cadre, it is expected that the Logical Framework Seminar in
  December 2004 will lead to the development of a new project document to cover the
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  period 2006 – 2009. This document will be forwarded to current partners to enlist their
  help in ensuring that the programme can come to a successful conclusion. If necessary,
  other funding partners will also be sought.

  Proposed Activities for 2006 – 2007

  They following are the key activities of the programme during the 2006 – 2007
  Biennium.


  7.1    Annual Regional Courses (to be held alternately in Porto Novo, Benin, and
         Mombasa, Kenya)

  This course on management planning will be based on previous regional courses carried
  out by the Programme. It will be implemented in partnership with EPA and PMDA, and
  will be open to 18 - 22 professionals from the region.


  7.2    Annual Directors Seminars (to be held alternately in Porto Novo, Benin, and
         Mombasa, Kenya).

  The Directors Seminar takes place during the last week of the Regional Course and gives
  directors of cultural heritage the opportunity to see the progress made by course
  participants over the period of their study. The Directors Seminar is also used to gauge
  the progress of AFRICA 2009 and also to address an issue of importance to directors.


  7.3    Annual Technical Courses (two per year, one each in French and English)

  Technical courses are intensive one-month activities which give a greater depth of
  knowledge to participants on a particular technical aspect of conservation. They
  complement the regional course. The topic for this course will be selected by the Steering
  Committee of the programme, based on recommendations of the directors. Starting in
  2006, two technical courses are foreseen in order to increase the impact of the
  programme in this area.


  7.4    Annual Regional Thematic Seminars (to be held alternately in English and French at
         locations to be decided)

  The regional seminars are an ongoing activity of the programme. Each year, the Steering
  Committee selects a topic of interest for the region and a call for papers is issued. The
  location of the seminar will also be selected by the Steering Committee based on requests
  received.
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  7.5       Special Regional Seminar on HIV/Aids and Cultural Heritage (location to be decided,
            bilingual)

  In 2003, the programme began to deal with the issue of HIV/Aids and cultural heritage.
  It will continue to work in this area leading to a special regional seminar in 2006 which
  will bring together heritage and health professionals, with the idea of developing ways for
  heritage professionals to contribute to the fight against this disease.


  7.6       National Seminars (up to four per year based on requests from countries in the
            region)

  National seminars have been a part of AFRICA 2009 since 2003. These seminars allow
  national heritage professionals explore issues of particular relevance to their work,
  whether technical or awareness issues. They are implemented by the national institution.


  7.7       Networking Activities

  Networking is considered one of the most important lasting legacies of the programme.
  The key element of networking is to bring professionals together during the various
  activities of the programme. To supplement this effort, the programme will continue to
  update its website, publish its newsletter, develop promotional material, exhibitions and
  video productions. It is expected that by 2006, responsibility for the web site and
  newsletter will be taken up by EPA and/or PMDA.


  7.8       Projets Situés

  The site projects will continue depending on national requests. More emphasis, however,
  will be given to regional projects which can be used to benefit more countries. Emphasis
  will also be given to using participants of previous projects and activities of the
  programme in the implementation of new projects.


  Other new or ongoing activities during the biennium will include:

        •   annual research projects on topics of interest in the region;
        •   a technical assistance activity to help provide needed equipment;
        •   an internship and exchange activity;
        •   a publication activity to disseminate results of the programme widely;


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                                                                  Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



     •   a series of activities aimed at raising awareness for journalists of the importance
         of conservation of the cultural heritage;
     •   three Steering Committee meetings per year to guide decision making for the
         programme.

  It should be noted that 2006 will mark the beginning of the final phase of the AFRICA
  2009 programme. During this phase it will be necessary to build up capacity and transfer
  activities of the programme to regional institutions, particularly EPA and PMDA.
  Towards this end, it is proposed that the programme sponsor one staff member with
  expertise in immovable cultural heritage at each of the two institutions. A number of
  internships and fellowships will help ensure that conservation of immovable cultural
  heritage is well integrated into the regional organizations.


8. ATHĀR PROGRAMME (JORDAN, LEBANON, SYRIA) (ICCROM STAFF; FUNDS
     NIL)
  (Conservation of Archaeological Heritage in the Arab Region)

  Justification

  The form of the ATHĀR Programme (Conservation of Archaeological Heritage in the
  Arab Region) has resulted from a situation analysis and needs assessment conducted
  during 2003, and from an orientation meeting with local partners held in Damascus in
  May 2004. Education and training needs in the area of heritage site conservation were
  further elaborated in a meeting held in Beirut in September 2004; this meeting led to
  identification of possible partner institutions which could host educational activities.

  These planned activities will achieve the programme objectives for the next biennium
  (2006- 2007). Accordingly, in 2004, ICCROM and partner institutions in Lebanon, Syria,
  and Jordan, will have signed memoranda of agreement, extending their commitment to
  collaborate in implementing the first phase of ATHĀR Programme through 2007. These
  activities will include a second regional core course in heritage site conservation, three
  applied training courses including field projects (on structural conservation, conservation
  of mural paintings, and documentation), four coordination meetings for the activity
  implementation, one thematic seminar as a continuation of public outreach activities of
  ATHAR, and four publications in Arabic. The requested budget will assist ICCROM in
  the development and implementation of these activities collectively addressing the aims
  and areas of emphasis of the programme.

  Description

  ATHĀR is a long-term programme with a focus on archaeological heritage. It is carried
  out in collaboration with official and training institutions in the region for the benefit of
  professionals, local communities and the general public, and heritage managers and
  policy-makers. It aims to enhance the work of official heritage institutions, by improving
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  the state of conservation of heritage places vis-à-vis management, support structure,
  conservation mandate, and resources. The programme will achieve its purpose by
  addressing three core areas. These are: the application of appropriate knowledge in
  heritage planning and management; professional development (the creation of a network
  of trained conservation professionals based on recognition of needed qualifications); and,
  public support and outreach. In implementing programme activities under these core
  areas, the programme will seek the enhancement of partnerships among institutions
  working in the field of heritage conservation at both national and regional levels.

  8.1    Course on heritage documentation, recording, and information management

  In the area of “applied knowledge in heritage conservation planning and management”,
  by devising guidance and principles in conservation policy-making and management, and
  by developing tools and skills to manage heritage places, the programme aims to ensure
  that conservation strategies and interventions are integrated within social and economic
  development planning processes, inventories and listing procedures are used efficiently to
  manage heritage, and knowledge and understanding of conservation development
  projects is improved.

  To be held in Jordan in 2006, for employees of the Departments of Antiquities,
  particularly those who follow ATHĀR’s core regional course. Publications in Arabic will
  help provide guidance for national heritage institutions to enhance their role in heritage
  preservation.


  8.2    Second Regional Core Course on "Conservation of Heritage Sites"

  In the area of “professional development and formal training”, by developing
  conservation training methods and curricula at universities and training institutions and
  by defining and recognizing needed qualifications, the programme aims to establish a
  regional network of adequately trained and qualified conservation professionals, and to
  ensure that these trained professionals are involved in the management and decision-
  making of conservation projects.

  In partnership with the Direction Générale des Antiquités and Université Libanaise,
  Lebanon; Ministry of Culture, General Directorate of Antiquities and Museums, Syria;
  and the Department of Antiquities, Jordan, to be held in Lebanon in September-
  November 2006.

  This course will form the foundation of training initiatives of ATHĀR programme. It is
  in fact developed for the benefit of professionals seeking further specialization areas at
  postgraduate level in the field of conservation of heritage sites. To this end, this course
  will be integrated in the conservation curricula at the Université Libanaise and other
  training institutions. It will contain course modules on the topic; particular emphasis will
  be given to stabilization and maintenance methods in situ. The other training courses
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                                                                   Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  follow this foundation course (on structural conservation, conservation of mural
  paintings, and heritage documentation and recording).


  8.3    Thematic seminar in 2006 on the use of media in heritage education

  In the area of “public support and outreach”, by providing information on the values of
  cultural heritage and its preservation to communities through publications, school
  education and media, the programme aims to ensure that the general public involvement,
  responsibility, sense of ownership, and, therefore, support in conserving heritage are
  improved.

  The seminar will include partnerships with Arab media as well as with schools which
  were involved in previous activities of ATHĀR.


9. TECHNICAL SERVICES


  9.1    Office of Communication and Information (ICCROM Funds €100,000)

  The Office of Communication and Information (OCI) was created in January 2001 to
  bring together a number of functions that had previously been separated. These functions
  currently include: the production and promotion of ICCROM publications (see 9.2
  below), maintenance of the ICCROM web site, and the acquisition and diffusion of
  information both internally and externally, including the compilation of the Record of
  Activities included with each Report on Implementation of the Programme. In addition, it
  handles many of the routine enquiries arriving at ICCROM and organizes visits to
  ICCROM for groups requesting them.

  The ICCROM web site continues to provide consultable databanks on the ICCROM
  Library holdings, on opportunities for education and training in conservation, on
  forthcoming conferences, and on other web sites relevant to international conservation.
  Further improvements to the web site are envisaged in 2006-2007, following a re-design
  tentatively planned for 2005.



  9.2    Publications (ICCROM Funds €90,000)

  9.2.1. During the Biennium 2006-2007, it is envisaged that further titles will be added to
  the new ICCROM Conservation Studies series. The papers from the biennial Forum are
  expected to constitute a regular title in this series. Other titles will be generated either by
  ICCROM programmes or will be the work of external authors who either approach or

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  who are approached by ICCROM to publish their work. All manuscripts are subjected to
  external refereeing before acceptance.

  9.2.2. Translations of texts into other languages will continue to be a priority. The
  translation into Arabic of key ICCROM texts will continue into the next Biennium, in
  collaboration with (and in support of) the ATHAR Project. Other titles will be
  considered.

  9.2.3 The number of e-documents available on the ICCROM web site will be increased.
  These are generally reports, monographic texts or similar material which deserves wide
  circulation but not in hardcopy printed format.

  9.2.4. The annual ICCROM Newsletter will continue to be produced in English, French
  and Spanish. Starting in 2004, an Arabic-language version of the Newsletter has been
  published and will continue to appear annually.

  9.2.5. The journal “Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites” will continue
  to be edited from ICCROM, being published in association with James & James (Science
  Publishers) Limited of London. An agreement with the publishers in late 2004 to consider
  manuscripts written in languages other than English (for translation into English if
  accepted for publication) should increase the submission of material, in a field of
  increasing activity by ICCROM.

  9.2.6 The range of titles sold by ICCROM will be greatly expanded in the Biennium
  2006-2007, once the ICCROM on-line bookstore is operational (planned for early 2005).


  9.3    Documentation, Library and Archives Service (ICCROM Funds €132,000)

  The Library of ICCROM contains the most extensive collection of publications and
  unpublished reports on worldwide conservation assembled in one place. Its aims are to
  continue to add to the collections in a comprehensive fashion, and to make available its
  holdings to the benefit of the conservation and related fields.

  The contract with the Getty Conservation Institute, signed with effect from June 2004,
  has allowed the Library to return to full abstracting of a large part of the conservation
  literature received by the Library, for submission to the AATA On-line service. These are
  used also for the Library’s own catalogue. The agreement with the GCI allows ICCROM
  to continue submitting, as it has for many years, details of all its library accessions to the
  BCIN bibliographic database in Ottawa. This abstracting service will continue in 2006-
  2007, subject to satisfactory renewal of the initial two-year contract with the GCI.

  The facilities and space requirements of the Library are actively under review, forming
  part of a wider study of ICCROM’s use of space in the existing building and the
  structural problems that prohibit use of some 20% of the total space assigned to
  ICCROM. Some resolution of these questions can be expected in the biennium.
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  9.4       Advisory Services

  9.4.1. General support and advice

  In addition to the programme of activities that it has proposed for the Biennium 2004-
  2005, members of ICCROM staff devote substantial amounts of time to non-programmed
  activities. These consist of, for example,


        •   responses to ad hoc Member State requests

        •   liaison with partner organizations on activities jointly organized with ICCROM

        •   representation of ICCROM at other IGO and NGO meetings and projects

        •   preparation of reports for General Assembly, Council and advisory bodies of
            ICCROM, and external agencies (e.g. donors)

        •   supervision of interns and assistance to fellows accepted at ICCROM under its
            Internship and Fellows programme.

  This time is devoted to satisfying two of ICCROM’s statutory functions, viz (a) and (c),
  but is time not directly applied to programme implementation. All Units take account of
  this commitment, averaging c. 25% of an individual professional staff member’s time,
  when allocating staff resources to programmes.


  9.4.2. ICCROM/ World Heritage Co-operation Programme (ICCROM staff, nil funds)
  World Heritage Advisory Services

  Justification

  ICCROM was named in the 1972 World Heritage Convention as one of the two advisory
  bodies to the World Heritage Committee for cultural heritage. The other advisory body
  for cultural heritage, ICOMOS, has been responsible for evaluation of nominations to the
  World Heritage List, while ICCROM generally has played a role in improving
  conservation conditions for sites following inscription, has provided technical advice
  when requested, and has reviewed requests for international assistance. ICCROM’s role
  is consistent with its own mandate of raising the standards of professional practice at all
  levels, achieved here through disseminating good theory and practice for World Heritage
  sites applicable at the regional, national, and local levels. Over the past ten years,
  ICCROM has played roles in state of conservation reporting, Periodic Reporting, the

                                               38

ICCROM
                                                                   Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  development of the Global Training Strategy, and – especially in 2002-2004 – the
  revision of the Operational Guidelines.

  Increased cooperation with the World Heritage Committee has led to ICCROM being
  contracted by the World Heritage Centre to run national-level training courses on World
  Heritage topics (e.g. for Palestinians and Iraqis in 2004-2005). It is also able to apply for
  World Heritage funding for the implementation of its own activities (e.g. the AFRICA
  2009 programme) when they meet the goal of improving the conservation of World
  Heritage sites. In addition, ICCROM has been asked to create specific training materials
  in support of World Heritage.

  ICCROM staff time is devoted to attending all statutory meetings of the World Heritage
  Committee and its Bureau, as well as a number of other meetings held every year to deal
  with administrative and scientific issues related to World Heritage. Costs for attending
  these meetings as well as some of the administrative costs at ICCROM are covered by a
  contribution from the World Heritage Fund. ICCROM does, however, contribute a
  considerable amount of staff time in its role as Advisory Body to the World Heritage
  Committee.

  These roles are expected to continue in 2006-2007, subject to the coincidence of
  ICCROM’s programmes with WH priorities.

  9.5    Technical Assistance Service (ICCROM funds €15,000)

  The Service was re-introduced in 2003, and provides, free of charge, conservation
  literature, ICCROM publications and photocopies, minor equipment and other supplies.
  The Service is available only to Member States of ICCROM. Although there is a low
  financial limit to individual requests, the Service successfully provides essential literature
  or equipment where it is most needed. Preference is occasionally given to immediate past
  participants of courses as recipients. This policy will continue in the biennium.


  9.6    Interns, Fellows and Scholarships (ICCROM funds €140,000)

  In 2002 ICCROM introduced an Internship and Fellows programme. The programme
  brings a systematic approach to handling the requests for internships at ICCROM, and
  includes a category of Fellow for senior professionals who wish to spend time at
  ICCROM making use of its resources. Interns are actively supervised by a member of
  staff, while Fellows carry out their own research with one staff member identified as their
  contact person for any assistance required. Individuals in both categories can be
  associated with and assist with an ongoing ICCROM programme if agreed to be of
  mutual benefit to both intern/Fellow and ICCROM.

  A maximum of four interns, paid by ICCROM, are accepted per annum, each staying for
  a period of two to six months. Application deadlines are twice a year. Two or more
                                               39

ICCROM
                                                                   Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  Fellowships are awarded per annum, for a period of a maximum five months and up to a
  maximum of ten months total in the calendar year.

  The scholarship fund provides grants to those participants who have been accepted for an
  ICCROM course and who, despite trying all other avenues, are unable to find the funding
  to make their participation possible. Currently, the annual voluntary contribution from the
  Cooperation for Development section of the Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs has also
  been partially allocated to this purpose, but the number of eligible countries is limited.



  9.7       Conservation research and training (ICCROM Funds €80,000)

  9.7.1. Conservation Research Group. A new group of staff professionals was created on a
  trial basis in 2005, under this name, with the aim of strengthening ICCROM’s ability to
  fulfil its statutory function of coordination, stimulation and diffusion of research.

  It brings together an interdisciplinary team covering art history, architecture, archives,
  conservation, and science. It incorporates the scientific research activities that had
  previously been described in Programme documents under “Laboratory”.

  The aims of this group are:

        •   To exploit for the benefit of ICCROM’s own work the extraordinary resources of
            information assembled in ICCROM’s Library

        •   To support ICCROM’s professional staff in providing information relevant to
            their needs assessments

        •   To monitor trends in scientific and conservation research, and to synthesize and
            diffuse them to the conservation field

        •   To provide advice and quality control for the abstracting service of the Library

        •   To ensure comprehensive coverage of ICCROM’s history in its archives,
            retrieving missing information as necessary

        •   To design and launch the ICCROM History Project, in celebration of the
            organization’s first fifty years of operation (1959-2009)

  In 2006-2007, funding is allocated for additional research assistance and consultancy, as
  well as for the acquisition of materials required to achieve these goals.

  9.7.2. Conservation Science: research and training


                                                40

ICCROM
                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  The ICCROM laboratory has built up its profile through the history of training courses
  and specific conservation projects that it has supported. It has to be maintained, supplied
  and updated in order to continue offering an active state-of-art service. The laboratory
  activity should be developed so as to be of service to conservation bodies, visiting
  researchers and interns, as well as supporting other activities such as missions.

  (a) Organization of Short Specialized Workshops (SSW)


  Justification

  ICCROM plays a catalytic role in promoting expert discussions on the latest
  developments in investigative techniques and conservation problems. These initiatives
  will be organized on specific topics following the recent and successful experience of the
  silicon-based products and porosity workshops. During the biennium 2006-07 two other
  SSW are proposed: SSW/06 and SSW/07. The first one will be on an investigation topic
  such as “Diagnosis in Conservation”, the second on a practical conservation topic such as
  “Cleaning”.

  (b) Project LIM “Laboratory Integrated Modules”
  Justification

  This proposal responds to the increasing number of requests received by ICCROM from
  around the world seeking technical advice and information for setting up Conservation
  Laboratories (e.g. recently from PDRK, Georgia, Pakistan).

  This Pilot project aims to design an integrated system to set up a Conservation
  Laboratory, composed of modular elements. The project will be flexible enough in order
  to be adapted to different conservation needs and available resources.

  (c) Collaboration/participation partner projects


  Justification

  ICCROM collaborates worldwide with institutions active in promoting conservation
  studies and collaborative research projects in order to exchange experience and to
  facilitate contacts and networking among scientific conservation laboratories.

  Conservation requires a multi-disciplinary approach and close collaboration among
  specialists. The definition of Technical Standards (as for example the establishment of a
  vocabulary and common terminology), or the implementation of Interdisciplinary
  Strategic Initiatives (as in the evaluation of conservation products), or Evaluation of
                                                41

ICCROM
                                                              Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  Decay Processes by Numerical Simulation (developing mathematical models) are
  possible only through collaborative research initiatives. Experience and results gained
  from these events build into ICCROM’s corporate knowledge and contribute to keep it
  up-dated.




                                            42

ICCROM
                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007




             B. ICCROM BUDGET FOR THE BIENNIUM 2006–2007


  EXPLANATORY NOTES

  B.1     THE REGULAR BUDGET AND EXTERNAL FUNDS
          For the biennium 2004-2005, Delegates to the General Assembly in November
          2003 approved the adoption of the document “Long-Term Financial Strategy” that
          recommended, inter alia, the calculation in future of the budget on a Zero Real
          Growth (ZRG) basis to ensure the long-term financial stability of ICCROM by
          taking into account cost increases due to inflation. The provisional budget
          proposed for the 2006-2007 biennium takes account of this increase and has been
          prepared using the 2004-2005 approved budget as a base.

          The provisional budget (Table 2), summarized there in a simplified form,
          comprises those activities that are proposed to be performed on the basis of
          expected contributions from Member States, miscellaneous income and external
          funds, and is designed according to the expected availability of these resources.
          The external funds categories have been divided into external funds that have
          already been committed as voluntary contributions by Member States or
          contributions made through contracts with international and national
          organizations for specific projects, and external funds that need to be raised
          during the course of the biennium. The contributions from Member States are
          projected to remain close to current levels. During the current biennium of 2004-
          2005, several countries have indicated an interest in joining ICCROM, or have
          already taken steps to do so, but the assessed contributions from these countries
          will not substantially increase the overall regular budget of ICCROM.
  B.1.1   Corporate operational costs
          Several of the budget items under this grouping have been adjusted relative to the
          equivalent items in the 2004-2005 biennium budget. The major expenditure
          related to operational costs is in logistics. This budget item covers building
          maintenance and utilities (covered partly by a special contribution from the Italian
          Government), office supplies, vehicles maintenance, purchase of furniture and
          equipment, safety and health, and various maintenance contracts. The
          Headquarters Agreement signed between UNESCO and the Italian Government
          requires the Italian Government to cover all costs related to the maintenance of
          the building, utilities and security. The special contribution from the Italian
          Government has not been sufficient in recent years to cover all such costs with the
          result that ICCROM has had to cover an increasing proportion of these
          expenditures out of its Regular Budget. Efforts will continue to be made through
          contacts with senior Government officials at the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and
          Beni e Attività Culturali to find a solution to this ongoing problem.
                                                43

ICCROM
                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



          The other major expenditure under this grouping relates to the administration of
          the Local Area Network (LAN). LAN administration covers the rental of
          computers and printers, acquisition and licensing of software, the maintenance
          and upgrade of servers, technical support and development.
  B.1.2   Programme costs
          Details related to the planned programme of activities for 2006-2007 are in Part A
          of this document. The projected costs for carrying out the proposed activities have
          been included in this grouping. To the extent possible, the budgetary forecasts
          reflect known facts regarding ongoing programmes and reasonable expectations
          for planned projects. However, it must be kept in mind that some projects that
          might produce delivery in 2006 and 2007 have not yet been planned in detail. The
          various estimates included here may thus be subject to change at a later date.
  B.1.3   Personnel costs
          ICCROM adopted the United Nations salary system when it was first established
          in Rome in 1959 and follows the UN system for position classifications in the
          Professional and General Services categories. Personnel costs represent the most
          important item of expenditures under the regular budget. This is a common
          situation in knowledge-based Organizations. The projected incidence of personnel
          costs on total expenditures shows a slight increase from 66.07% in the 2004-2005
          biennium to 69.15% in the 2006-2007 biennium. The increases in personnel costs
          are to a large extent, beyond ICCROM’s control. The projected increases for
          2006-2007 indicate that for the General Service staff members personnel costs
          will be about 9% higher and for the Professional staff about 7% higher. This is in
          addition to the regular step increase that staff members receive every two years
          for General Service staff and every year for Professional staff. The salary
          increases are negotiated between employee unions in the UN system as a result of
          Salary Surveys and are approved by the ICSC (International Civil Service
          Commission). ICCROM is simply informed of the results. Personnel costs include
          the following:

          o Basic pay
          o Contributions to the UN Pension Fund (7.9% of pensionable remuneration by
            the employee and 15.8% by ICCROM)
          o Contributions to the medical insurance plan (50% of the premiums by the
            employee and 50% by ICCROM)
          o Family allowances for those who qualify
          o Termination benefits for General Services staff (the GS separation grant)
          o Education grant for internationally recruited employees
          o Repatriation grant for internationally recruited employees
          o Contributions to the After Service Medical Insurance Plan for former
            employees who qualify (50% of the premiums by ICCROM)
          o Income tax reimbursement to Italian nationals who are required to pay taxes in
            Italy (non-Italian employees who are non-residents do not pay income tax in
            Italy)
                                              44

ICCROM
                                                                                               Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



             As an example of actual costs, consider an employee at the P3/01 grade and level
             who is married with no children and who is internationally recruited. An
             employee with this profile receives a yearly net salary of € 66,249 after he/she has
             paid his/her share of the contributions to the UN Pension Fund and to the medical
             insurance plan. The yearly cost to ICCROM for this same employee is in the
             amount of € 86,332 taking into account the net pay, plus the ICCROM share of
             the contributions to the UN Pension Fund and the medical insurance plan. Should
             such an employee have school age children, ICCROM would be obliged to pay in
             addition 75% of the tuition expenses (up to a maximum of Euro 10,138 per child
             for the scholastic/academic year) and a family allowance for each child.
             The Salary Management System now in use at ICCROM allows us to have a
             profile for each individual employee and to do forecasts taking the various cost
             factors into consideration. Using the forecast module built into the system, the
             forecast for personnel costs in 2006-2007 is € 5,365,038. To this ICCROM must
             earmark € 24,702 per year to cover its share of a liability that is imposed on
             organizations participating in the After Service Medical Scheme1. The total for
             personnel costs is thus € 5,414,442.
             In addition to the personnel costs covered from the ICCROM Regular Budget,
             there are additional personnel costs € 1,107,248 covered from external funds as
             follows:
             o Under the Africa 2009 programme              € 379,969
             o Under ATHAR programme                        € 268,258
             o Under the WHC programme                      € 72,486
             o Under MAE-DGCS programme                     € 323,535
             o Portion of salaries paid by Italian
                 Government for Italian seconded
                 employees (not shown on Table 2 since € 63,000
                 not received as income)


  B.1.4 Operational Reserve

             A substantial operation reserve is needed in order to ease the cash flow at the start
             of annual cycles before the Member State contributions have been paid, and for
             other unforeseen costs. A sum of € 362,728 was carried forward from 2002-2003

  1 The After Service Medical Care Plan provides for worldwide coverage for necessary medical expenses of eligible former staff
  members and their dependants. After Service Medical Care is subject to actuarial review to ascertain the related liabilities and
  recommended rates of contribution. To date ICCROM has earmarked a total of $599,501 to partly cover its share of the overall
  liability attributed to organizations participating in the After Service Medical Care Plan. While the funds are earmarked, they are not
  kept in a separate account and are included in the overall assets of ICCROM (current bank accounts, short-term deposit accounts and
  long-term deposit accounts). Actuarial valuations are conducted every two years and the ICCROM share of the global liability may
  change in the future.




                                                                   45

ICCROM
                                                                  Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



          biennium, being unspent funds, bringing the total operation reserve to €1,050,157.
          Eventual surplus accrued during the course of the 2004-2005 financial period will
          be used to further increment the operational reserve.


  B.2     BUDGET ENVELOPE 2004-2005
          The following factors were taken into account during the preparation of the
          proposed budget for 2006-2007:
  B.2.1   Conversion to euro and inflation
          The General Assembly, at its meeting in November 2001, approved by a majority
          vote a resolution that the Euro be adopted by ICCROM, not later than 1 January
          2004, as the currency to be used for the payment of annual contributions, for the
          development of the budget and for the establishment of accounts. The currency
          used in this document is therefore euros (€).
          During budget preparation, the inflation factor was considered for the calculation
          of salaries in the form of foreseeable negotiated salary increases at the United
          Nations level over the two years of the biennium. It is expected that the economic
          increase for salaries and related benefits will be 7% - 8% which is the percentage
          range used by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization for the
          preparation of their budget. These percentages may increase as a result of the
          salary surveys for General Service and Professional staff carried out in November
          2005. In addition, statutory salary increases (increases within the steps) is
          estimated at 4% - 6% for the biennium, resulting in a total increase of 11% - 14%.
          The anticipated rate of inflation in Italy, based on information from the Italian
          Institute of Statistics, is approximately 2.6% per year for the next two years.
          Allowance for inflation is already included in the economic salary increases. The
          draft budget proposal has been prepared taking into account an annual inflation
          rate of 2.6% per annum for 2006-2007.
  B.2.2   Interest on contributions
          This is provided by the interests on current bank accounts. The interest actually
          earned will depend on the interest rates available from the banks, and especially
          also on the timing of Member State payment of contributions. The budget figure
          is based on the low current interest rates and on experience from previous biennia.
  B.2.3   Bank interest on funds
          Some special funds are kept in separate deposit accounts to which interest accrues
          directly. This is the case for the San Michele fund, the Plenderleith fund, the staff
          separation benefits fund (for General Services staff), and the operational reserve
          fund.
  B.2.4   Sale of publications and photocopies
          An estimate is made of the funds that will be recovered from the sale of
          publications and photocopies; this income partially offsets the production costs

                                               46

ICCROM
                                                                 Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



          for photocopies and new publications and the costs of acquisition of books for
          resale.
  B.2.5   Course participation fees
          For most courses a fee is requested from the participants. Such fees have been set
          at € 1,300 for the longer courses (more than 2 months) and € 900 for the shorter
          ones. This revenue offsets part of the costs of financial assistance provided to
          course participants upon request.
  B.2.6   Recovery of direct administrative costs
          The Council, at its meeting in November, 2003, approved a minimum rate of 10%
          to be applied for administrative cost recovery for all projects financed with
          external funds. This rate has been used for the present budget proposal.

  B.2.7   External funding and voluntary contributions
          External funding continues to increase and has become the most important source
          of funding after Member States contributions. These funds, managed by
          ICCROM, are voluntary contributions by Member States or contributions made
          through contracts with international and national organizations. They include the
          personnel costs of one professional seconded by the Government of Japan. (The
          Government of France also makes available to ICCROM one professional staff
          member and pays directly the costs involved.) The only voluntary contribution
          that is used for operational purposes is that from the Government of Italy that
          partly covers the maintenance of the San Michele premises, utilities and security
          (see B.1.1 above).
          ICCROM regular budget and external funding resources are pooled with that of
          other partners for which ICCROM does not manage the funds but works closely
          with them to carry out specific projects.
          At this stage of the planning process, some € 6,916,496 in external funds have
          either been committed by sponsors (€ 1,394,248) or are anticipated (€5,522,248)
          for programme implementation. Project Managers are responsible for actively
          seeking external funds for their specific projects.
  B.2.8   Arrears in contributions
  During the 2004-2005 biennium, arrears in contributions have decreased from €360,867,
  as at 31 December 2003, to €268,057, as at 30 September 2004. Nevertheless, it is
  expected that, as in previous biennia, some Member States will fail to pay their full
  contribution during the 2006-2007 biennium. It has to be emphasized again that a
  constant and dependable flow of regular income from Member State contributions
  remains essential for the maintenance of the facilities, the salaries of regular staff and a
  number of core activities. Without the latter, the formulation of specific projects and the
  attraction and management of external budgetary funding becomes more difficult. It is
  thus absolutely essential that Member States honour their membership commitment to
  ICCROM by (a) paying their arrears and (b) paying their annual contributions in a timely
  manner.

                                              47

ICCROM
                                                                Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007



  B3      SCALE OF ASSESSMENT
          Regarding the contributions of Member States to ICCROM’s budget, the Statutes
          prescribe in Article 2, Membership:

          5. Each Member State shall contribute to the budget of ICCROM at a rate fixed
             by the General Assembly.

          For the 2006-2007 biennium, the ICCROM scale of assessment is derived from
          the scale of assessment adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations
          for the years 2004 – 2005 – 2006 (see document United Nations General
          Assembly Fifty-eighth session No A/RES/58/1 B – Resolution adopted by the
          General Assembly, on the report of the Fifth Committee (A/58/432/Add.1),
          adjusted to take into account the difference in membership of the two
          organizations.
  B.3.1   Calculation of the ICCROM scale of assessment
          The totals of the scales at UN and at ICCROM add up to 100%. The USA pays a
          maximum contribution at a rate of 22%, while several Member States (36 at
          ICCROM) pay a minimum contribution at a rate of 0.010%. These maximum and
          minimum contributions are deducted from 100 and what remains (77.640 - see
          below) is divided among the other Member States in proportion to their rates in
          the UN scale (total 75.452 at ICCROM). A multiplication factor 77.640/75.452
          must thus be applied to the UN rates in order to obtain the ICCROM rates.
          The assessment rate of each Member State has been determined as follows for the
          2006-2007 biennium:

          (A) The United Nations and ICCROM total scales add up to:                   100.000
          The first adjustment is made for the country, United States,
          with a maximum contribution of 22%                                           22.000

                                                                                       78.000
          The second adjustment is for the 36 countries with a minimum
          contribution of 0 .010%                                                      0.360
                                                                                   77.640(A)

          (B) This is the amount of the United Nations scale of assessment that needs to be
          divided among the remaining ICCROM Member States. This amount is also used
          to develop the coefficient factor of adjustment.
          The United Nations scale total                                           100.000

          The United States scale must be deducted                                     22.000
                                                                                       78.000

          Non-ICCROM Member States must be deducted from the UN scale                  2.396
          Effective value under 0.010%                                                 0.152
                                                                                   75.452 (B)
                                             48

ICCROM
                                                                   Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007




          This is the total of the United Nations scale of assessment to be allocated to
          ICCROM Member States who do not pay a maximum or minimum percentage.

          Because adjustments were made to remove and add countries, a coefficient factor
          must be applied to the United Nations scale of assessment for the ICCROM
          Member States who do not pay a maximum or minimum percentage. This is done
          in order to have the ICCROM total scale of assessment add up to 100%.
          This factor is obtained by dividing (A)                               77.640
          (the balance of the United Nations scale of assessment)
           by (B) (the actual percentage already allocated to ICCROM Member States)
          75.452
          which gives a coefficient factor of adjustment of 1.028998569.

          ICCROM must also take into account the fact that the most recent United Nations
          scale of assessment is now using three decimals instead of two to calculate their
          Member States contributions. The three decimals will provide a more accurate
          distribution of the contributions. ICCROM has adopted the same approach.
          The result is then rounded off to three decimals. As an example, Member State X
          has been assessed by the United Nations at 2.569; to obtain the ICCROM scale of
          assessment this number (2.569) is multiplied by the coefficient factor indicated
          above.
  B.3.2   Determination of the contribution budget for 2006-2007
          The budget for 2006-2007 was determined as follows:
          A. The budget for 2004-2005 after the 5.2% increase                     €6,766,990.00

          Deduct countries losing their rights during the biennium:-                        None

                                                                                                 0
          Total deductions:                                                                      0

          B. Revised budget before adding new Member States                      €6,766,990.00
          Add new Member States that joined during the biennium:
          - Armenia                                                                      676,00
          - Ecuador                                                                    1,760.00
          - Mali                                                                         676.00
          - Mongolia                                                                     886.00
          - Mozambique                                                                   676.00
          - Oman                                                                       4,196.00
          - South Africa                                                              28,214.00
          - United Republic of Tanzania                                                  676.00
          - Zambia                                                                       844.00
          Total new Member States:                                                   €38,604.00

          C. Revised budget for the 2006-2007 biennium with 0% increase €6,805,594.00
                                              49

ICCROM
                                                               Programme and Budget 2006 - 2007




         D. Revised budget for the 2006-2007 biennium with 5.2% increase€7,159,485.00


  B.4    BUDGET APPROPRIATION RESOLUTION – 5.2% INCREASE
         The General Assembly:

         -      authorizes the Director-General to implement the programme outlined in
         the Programme and Budget 2006-2007;

         -     approves the contribution budget to be provided by the Member States in
         the amount of Euro 7,159,485 based on a principle of 5.2% increase (ZRG), in
         compensation for the effects of inflation, over the 2004-2005 contribution budget.

         -      approves the scale of assessments of Member States of ICCROM for the
         biennium 2006-2007, based on the scale of assessments adopted by the United
         Nations General Assembly for the years 2004-2005-2006 and adapted to
         ICCROM specific requirements to take into account the difference in membership
         between the two organizations in order to derive an ICCROM scale of 100 per
         cent.

  New members depositing their instruments of ratification after 30 September 2005 shall
  be assessed in accordance with the same formulae used to derive this scale of assessment.




                                             50

ICCROM
  TABLE 1                                         DRAFT ICCROM BUDGET FOR THE 2006 - 2007 BIENNIUM
                                                                                (x1,000)

                                                                         All values are in Euro

                                     Estimation of budgetary envelope for 2006-2007                                                           2004-2005

                                                   ICCROM                External      External                             ICCROM              External
                        Item                        Regular              Funding       Funding            TOTAL             Regular             Funding      TOTAL
                                                    Budget              Committed     Anticipated                            Budget           Comm/Anticip
                                                                  %                                                   %                 %                                  %

Income

  Member State Contributions                             7,159    92%                                        7,159 49%          6,767   93%                     6,767      50%
  Special Contribution Italian Government                                       280                140         420 3%                                  325        325       2%
  Bank Interest                                           160     2%                                           160 1%             150   2%                        150       1%
  Sale of Publications - Photocopies                       90     1%                                            90 1%              60   1%                         60       0%
  Course Fees                                              65     1%                                            65 1%              50   1%                         50       0%
  Administrative Costs Recovery                           320     4%                                           320 2%             250   3%                        250       2%
  Contracts and Voluntary Contributions                                       1,114               5,382      6,496 44%                               5,934      5,934      44%

Total Income:                                            7,794 100%           1,394               5,522      14,711 100%        7,277 100%           6,259      13,536 100%
                                                                                 6,916

Expenditure

  Operational Reserve                                         0   0%                                              0   0%          363   5%                           363   3%

  Corporate Operational Costs                            1,190    15%           280                 300      1,770    12%       1,046   14%            325      1,371      10%
  Programme Implementation Costs                         1,190    15%            70               5,222      6,482    44%       1,060   15%          5,077      6,137      45%
  Personnel Costs                                        5,414    69%         1,044                          6,459    44%       4,808   66%            857      5,665      42%

Total Expenditure:                                       7,794 100%           1,394               5,522      14,711 100%        7,277 100%           6,259      13,536 100%
                                                                                 6,916




   TABLE 1.xls                                                                             51
TABLE 2                          DRAFT ICCROM BUDGET FOR THE 2006-2007 BIENNIUM
                                        On the basis of ZRG of 5.2% over the 2004 - 2005 regular budget (All values are in Euro)
                                                                        ICCROM Regular External Funding External Funding
                             INCOME                                                                                                             Total
                                                                            Budget        committed        anticipated
Member State Contributions                                                     7,159,485                                                          7,159,485
Special Contribution Italian Government                                                           280,000          140,000                          420,000
Bank Interests                                                                   160,000                                                            160,000
Sale of Publications and Photocopies                                              90,000                                                             90,000
Course Fees                                                                       65,000                                                             65,000
Administrative Costs Recovery                                                    320,000                                                            320,000
Contracts and Voluntary Contributions                                                           1,114,248        5,382,248                        6,496,496
Total Income:                                                                     7,794,485                1,394,248               5,522,248    14,710,981

                                                                        ICCROM Regular            External Funding         External Funding
                          EXPENDITURES                                                                                                          Total
                                                                            Budget                   committed                anticipated
               Corporate Operational Costs
. General Assembly                                                                       85,000                                                      85,000
. Council                                                                                40,000                                                      40,000
. General Management & Coordination                                                      15,000                                                      15,000
. DG’s Reserve                                                                      as required                                                           0
. Personnel Management/Staff Training                                                    20,000                                                      20,000
. Management Consultancy                                                                 20,000                                                      20,000
. Hospitality                                                                            15,000                                                      15,000
. Temporary Help - Corporate                                                             35,000                                                      35,000
. Contingency Emergency Requests                                                         17,141                                                      17,141
. Cooperation with Partners                                                            100,000                                       160,000        260,000
. Logistics                                                                            480,000                 280,000               140,000        900,000
. LAN Administration                                                                   272,800                                                      272,800
. Finance & Administration                                                               90,000                                                      90,000
Corporate Operational Costs                  Sub-total (A):                          1,189,941                 280,000               300,000      1,769,941
                         Programme Costs
. ICCROM Forum                                                                          50,000                                                       50,000
. Preventive Conservation                                                               63,000                                        43,000        106,000
. Sharing Conservation Decisions                                                        53,500                   10,000               23,000         86,500
. COLLASIA 2010                                                                         60,000                                       318,000        378,000
. Archives and Library Collections Conservation                                         58,500                                        28,000         86,500
. World Heritage Advisory Services                                                                                                    91,000         91,000
. Built Heritage Conservation Course                                                  122,000                                                       122,000
. Statement of Significance Research                                                                                                  38,160         38,160
. Developing Appropriate Management Systems Res.                                                                                      38,160         38,160
. ARIS 07                                                                               42,450                                        50,050         92,500
. Urban Conservation                                                                    11,000                                                       11,000
. Mekong River Project                                                                  41,500                                                       41,500
. Asian Academy for Heritage Management                                                 14,000                                        20,000         34,000
. Cultural Landscapes                                                                                                                  8,000          8,000
. Conservation of Wood Course                                                          20,000                                                        20,000
. Conservation of Stone Course                                                         82,152                                          33,000       115,152
. Conservation of Modern Architecture - MARC                                            5,000                                          20,000        25,000
. Africa 2009                                                                                                                       3,801,136     3,801,136
. ATHAR                                                                                                                               440,742       440,742
. Conservation of Earthen Architecture - TERRA                                         10,000                                                        10,000
. Office of Communication and Information - OCI                                       100,000                                                       100,000
. Publications                                                                         90,000                                                        90,000
. Documentation, Library and Archives Service                                         132,000                    60,000                             192,000
. Technical Assistance Service                                                         15,000                                        240,000        255,000
. Interns, Fellows and Scholarships                                                   140,000                                                       140,000
. Conservation Research and Training                                                   80,000                                          30,000       110,000
Programme Costs                            Sub-total (B):                           1,190,102                    70,000             5,222,248     6,482,350
                         Personnel Costs
. Salaries and Benefits                                                             5,365,038                1,044,248                            6,409,286
. After Service Medical contributions                                                  49,404                                                        49,404
Personnel Costs                              Sub-total (C):                         5,414,442                1,044,248                            6,458,690


Total Expenditure:                                                                7,794,485                1,394,248               5,522,248    14,710,981




       Rev.TABLE 2.xls                                                         52
     TABLE 3                             Scale of assessment with ZRG of 5.2%
                                                All amounts are in EURO

                                                                                                     Contributions of
                                                           ICCROM        Yearly        Contributions  new Member      Contributions  Yearly
     Scale of Assessment and              UN Scale of                                                States that have
                                          Assessment
                                                            Scale of contributions to to ICCROM for become Member to ICCROM for contributions to
     Contributions                                        Assessment    ICCROM         the Biennium during the 2004- the Biennium   ICCROM
                                                                                                          2005
                                         2004-2005-2006    2006-2007            2006-2007                                       2004 - 2005
 1   Albania                               0.005            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
 2   Algeria                               0.076            0.078              € 2,792     € 5,584                          € 4,872            € 2,436
 3   Andorra                               0.005            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
 4   Angola                                0.001            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
 5   Argentina                             0.956            0.984            € 35,225    € 70,450                          € 79,448           € 39,724
 6   Armenia                               0.002            0.010                € 358       € 716            € 676
 7   Australia                             1.592            1.638            € 58,638   € 117,276                        € 112,540            € 56,270
 8   Austria                               0.859            0.884            € 31,645    € 63,290                         € 65,506            € 32,753
 9   Azerbaijan                            0.005            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
10   Barbados                              0.010            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
11   Belgium                               1.069            1.100            € 39,379    € 78,758                         € 78,094            € 39,047
12   Benin                                 0.002            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
13   Bosnia and Herzegovina                0.003            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
14   Botswana                              0.012            0.012                € 429       € 858                            € 676              € 338
15   Brazil                                1.523            1.567            € 56,096   € 112,192                        € 165,256            € 82,628
16   Bulgaria                              0.017            0.017                € 608     € 1,216                            € 880              € 440
17   Burkina Faso                          0.002            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
18   Cambodia                              0.002            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
19   Cameroon                              0.008            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
20   Canada                                2.813            2.895           € 103,636   € 207,272                        € 176,896            € 88,448
21   Chad                                  0.001            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
22   Chile                                 0.223            0.229              € 8,198   € 16,396                         € 14,684             € 7,342
23   China                                 2.053            2.113            € 75,642   € 151,284                        € 105,908            € 52,954
24   Colombia                              0.155            0.159              € 5,692   € 11,384                         € 13,872             € 6,936
25   Congo                                 0.001            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
26   Côte-d'Ivoire                         0.010            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
27   Croatia                               0.037            0.038              € 1,360     € 2,720                          € 2,706            € 1,353
28   Cuba                                  0.043            0.044              € 1,575     € 3,150                          € 2,098            € 1,049
29   Cyprus                                0.039            0.040              € 1,432     € 2,864                          € 2,640            € 1,320
30   Czech Republic                        0.183            0.188              € 6,730   € 13,460                         € 14,008             € 7,004
31   Denmark                               0.718            0.739            € 26,455    € 52,910                         € 51,770            € 25,885
32   Dominican Republic                    0.035            0.036              € 1,289     € 2,578                          € 1,624              € 812
33   Ecuador                               0.019            0.020                € 716     € 1,432         € 1,760
34   Egypt                                 0.120            0.123              € 4,404     € 8,808                           € 5,616         € 2,808
35   Estonia                               0.012            0.012                € 429       € 858                             € 676           € 338
36   Ethiopia                              0.004            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676           € 338
37   Finland                               0.533            0.548            € 19,618    € 39,236                          € 36,070        € 18,035
38   Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia     0.006            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676           € 338
39   France                                6.030            6.205           € 222,128   € 444,256                         € 447,112       € 223,556
40   Gabon                                 0.009            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 948           € 474
41   Gambia                                0.001            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676           € 338
42   Georgia                               0.003            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676           € 338
43   Germany                               8.662            8.913           € 319,069   € 638,138                         € 675,506       € 337,753
44   Ghana                                 0.004            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676           € 338
45   Greece                                0.530            0.545            € 19,510    € 39,020                          € 37,288        € 18,644
46   Guatemala                             0.030            0.031              € 1,110     € 2,220                           € 1,894           € 947
47   Guyana                                0.001            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676           € 338
48   Haiti                                 0.003            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676           € 338
49   Honduras                              0.005            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676           € 338
50   Hungary                               0.126            0.130              € 4,654     € 9,308                           € 8,324         € 4,162
51   India                                 0.421            0.433            € 15,500    € 31,000                          € 23,550        € 11,775
52   Iran                                  0.157            0.162              € 5,800   € 11,600                          € 18,812          € 9,406
53   Ireland                               0.350            0.360            € 12,887    € 25,774                          € 20,302        € 10,151
54   Israel                                0.467            0.481            € 17,219    € 34,438                          € 28,694        € 14,347
55   Italy                                 4.885            5.027           € 179,958   € 359,916                         € 350,272       € 175,136
56   Japan                                 19.468           20.033          € 717,146 € 1,434,292                       € 1,349,540       € 674,770
57   Jordan                                0.011            0.011                € 393       € 786                             € 676           € 338
58   Kenya                                 0.009            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676           € 338



     TABLE 3.xls                                                       53
      TABLE 3                                   Scale of assessment with ZRG of 5.2%
                                                       All amounts are in EURO

                                                                                                            Contributions of
                                                                  ICCROM        Yearly        Contributions  new Member      Contributions  Yearly
      Scale of Assessment and                    UN Scale of                                                States that have
                                                 Assessment
                                                                   Scale of contributions to to ICCROM for become Member to ICCROM for contributions to
      Contributions                                              Assessment    ICCROM         the Biennium during the 2004- the Biennium   ICCROM
                                                                                                                 2005
                                                2004-2005-2006    2006-2007            2006-2007                                       2004 - 2005
59    Kingdom of Saudi Arabia                     0.713            0.734            € 26,276    € 52,552                         € 38,302            € 19,151
60    Kuwait                                      0.162            0.167              € 5,979   € 11,958                         € 10,150             € 5,075
61    Lebanon                                     0.024            0.025                € 895     € 1,790                           € 812               € 406
62    Libyan Arab Jamahiriya                      0.132            0.136              € 4,869     € 9,738                         € 4,602             € 2,301
63    Lithuania                                   0.024            0.025                € 895     € 1,790                         € 1,150               € 575
64    Luxembourg                                  0.077            0.079              € 2,828     € 5,656                         € 5,550             € 2,775
65    Madagascar                                  0.003            0.010                € 358       € 716                           € 676               € 338
66    Malaysia                                    0.203            0.209              € 7,482   € 14,964                         € 16,242             € 8,121
67    Mali                                        0.002            0.010                € 358       € 716            € 676
68    Malta                                       0.014            0.014                € 501     € 1,002                         € 1,016               € 508
69    Mauritius                                   0.011            0.011                € 393       € 786                           € 744               € 372
70    Mexico                                      1.883            1.938            € 69,378   € 138,756                         € 75,116            € 37,558
71    Mongolia                                    0.001            0.010                € 358       € 716            € 886
72    Morocco                                     0.047            0.048              € 1,718     € 3,436                          € 3,046            € 1,523
73    Mozambique                                  0.001            0.010                € 358       € 716            € 676
74    Myanmar (Union of)                          0.010            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
75    Namibia                                     0.006            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
76    Nepal                                       0.004            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
77    Netherlands                                 1.690            1.739            € 62,253   € 124,506                        € 120,186            € 60,093
78    New Zealand                                 0.221            0.227              € 8,127   € 16,254                         € 16,648             € 8,324
79    Nicaragua                                   0.001            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676              € 338
80    Nigeria                                     0.042            0.043              € 1,539     € 3,078                          € 4,670            € 2,335
81    Norway                                      0.679            0.699            € 25,023    € 50,046                         € 44,664            € 22,332
82    Oman                                        0.070            0.072              € 2,577     € 5,154         € 4,196
83    Pakistan                                    0.055            0.057              € 2,041     € 4,082                          € 4,196            € 2,098
84    Paraguay                                    0.012            0.012                € 429       € 858                          € 1,082              € 541
85    Peru                                        0.092            0.095              € 3,401     € 6,802                          € 8,188            € 4,094
86    Philippines                                 0.095            0.098              € 3,508     € 7,016                          € 6,902            € 3,451
87    Poland                                      0.461            0.474            € 16,969    € 33,938                         € 26,122            € 13,061
88    Portugal                                    0.470            0.484            € 17,326    € 34,652                         € 31,942            € 15,971
89    Republic of Korea                           1.796            1.848            € 66,155   € 132,310                        € 127,968            € 63,984
90    Romania                                     0.060            0.062              € 2,220     € 4,440                          € 3,992            € 1,996
91    Serbia and Montenegro                       0.019            0.020                € 716     € 1,432                          € 1,354              € 677
92    Slovakia                                    0.051            0.052              € 1,861     € 3,722                          € 2,978            € 1,489
93    Slovenia                                    0.082            0.084              € 3,007     € 6,014                          € 5,616            € 2,808
94    South Africa                                0.292            0.300            € 10,740    € 21,480         € 28,214
95    Spain                                       2.520            2.593            € 92,825   € 185,650                        € 174,188         € 87,094
96    Sri Lanka                                   0.017            0.017                € 608     € 1,216                          € 1,082            € 541
97    Sudan                                       0.008            0.010                € 358       € 716                            € 676            € 338
98    Sweden                                      0.998            1.027            € 36,764    € 73,528                         € 70,988         € 35,494
99    Switzerland                                 1.197            1.232            € 44,103    € 88,206                         € 88,110         € 44,055
100   Syrian Arab Rep.                            0.038            0.039              € 1,396     € 2,792                          € 5,550          € 2,775
101   Thailand                                    0.209            0.215              € 7,696   € 15,392                         € 20,302         € 10,151
102   Tunisia                                     0.032            0.033              € 1,181     € 2,362                          € 2,098          € 1,049
103   Turkey                                      0.372            0.383            € 13,711    € 27,422                         € 30,452         € 15,226
104   United Kingdom                              6.127            6.305           € 225,708   € 451,416                        € 382,824        € 191,412
105   United Republic of Tanzania                 0.006            0.010                € 358       € 716            € 676
106   United States of America                    22.000           22.000          € 787,553 € 1,575,105                       € 1,488,750       € 744,375
107   Uruguay                                     0.048            0.049              € 1,754     € 3,508                          € 5,550          € 2,775
108   Venezuela                                   0.171            0.176              € 6,300   € 12,600                          € 14,414          € 7,207
109   Viet Nam                                    0.021            0.022                € 788     € 1,576                          € 1,082            € 541
110   Zambia                                      0.002            0.010                € 358       € 716            € 844
111   Zimbabwe                                    0.007            0.010                € 358       € 716                             € 676            € 338

                                       Total:     97.604           99.999      € 3,579,743 € 7,159,485           € 38,604 € 6,766,990          € 3,383,495
                                                                                                                    € 6,805,594

      New Member States that have become members of ICCROM subsequent to the approval of the Prg.& Bdg. for the biennium 2004-2005.




      TABLE 3.xls                                                             54

								
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