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Digestive Anatomy

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					             Lab 7: Anatomy of the Respiratory System
                         Anatomy to Know

Upper Respiratory System                       Lower Respiratory System
External Nares                                 Conducting Zone
Nasal Septum                                   Trachea
Nasal Conchae (Superior, Inferior, & Middle)   Primary Bronchi
Nasal Cavity                                   Hilum
Nasopharynx                                    Secondary Bronchi
Uvula                                          Segmental Bronchi
Oropharynx                                     Bronchioles
Laryngopharynx                                 Respiratory Zone
Hard Palate                                    Respiratory Bronchioles (Slide)
Soft Palate                                    Alveolar Duct (Slide)
Larynx                                         Alveoli (Slide)
Thyroid Cartilage                              Other Structures
Circoid Cartilage                              Superior Lobe
Epiglottis                                     Middle Lobe
Hyoid Bone                                     Inferior Lobe
Vocal Cord                                     Pleura (Parietal & Visceral)

Blood Vessels                                  Horizontal Fissure

Pulmonary Artery                               Oblique Fissure
Pulmonary Vein                                 Mediastinum
Pulmonary Trunk                                Intercostal Muscles
                                               Diaphragm
Trachea Histology                              Lung Histology
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium           Bronchiole
Seromucous Gland                               Adventitia
Goblet Cell                                    Lamina Propria
Hyaline Cartilage                              Alveolar Duct
Smooth Muscle                                  Blood Vessel
                                               Alveoli
Endocrine System

Slides             Endocrine Gland
ovary              Anterior Pituitary
pituitary          Posterior Pituitary
adrenal gland      Pineal
Thyroid            Thyroid
Hypothalamus       Parathyroid
Testis             Adrenal Gland
                   Thymus
                   Ovary
                   Testes
                   Pancreas
Hormone
LH, FSH, ACTH, GH, Prolactin, MSH
Oxytocin, ADH
melatonin
T3, T4, calcitonin
PTH
medulla: epinephrine & norephinephrine; cortex: mineralcorticoids, glucocorticoids, gonadocorticoids
thymulin, thymosins, thymopoetins
estrogen, progesterone, relaxin, inhibin
testosterone, ABP, inhibin
insulin, glucagon
gonadocorticoids
                         Lab 3: Anatomy of the Heart & Bloodvessels
                                     Anatomy to Know

Heart                             Arteries                            Veins
Right Atrium                      Pulmonary Artery                    Vena Cavae (Inferior and Superior)
Left Atrium                       Coronary Artery                     Pulmonay Vein
Right Ventricle                                                      Left Brachiocephalic Vein
                                  Aorta (Acending, Decending, and Abdominal)
Left Ventricle                    Pulmonary Trunk                     Right Brachicephalic Vein
Septum                            Subclavian Artery                   Interior Iliac Vein
Auricle                           Brachiocephalic Trunk               External Iliac Vein
Ligamentum Arteriosum             Common Carotid Artery               Femoral Vein
Myocardium                        External Carotid Artery             Great Saphenous Vein
Tricuspid Valve (R AV Valve)      Superficial Temporal Artery         Renal Vein
Mitrial Valve (L AV Valve)        Axillary Artery                     Suprarenal Vein
Aortic Semilunar Valve            Brachial Artey                      Hepatic Veins (L & R)
Pulmonary Semilunar Valve         Radial Artery                       Superficial Temporal Vein
Papillary Muscles                 Ulnar Artery                        External Jugular Vein
Apex                              Intercostal Arteries                Internal Jugular Vein
Foramen Ovale                     Celiac Trunk                        Subclavian Vein
Pericardium                       Hepatic Artery                      Axillary Vein
Chordae Tendineae                 Gastric Arteries                    Brachial Vein
                                  Superior Mesenteric Artery          Cephalic Vein
                                  Inferior Mesenteric Artery          Basilic Vein
                                  Common Iliac Artery                 Median Cubital Vein
                                  Renal Artery                        Radial Vein
                                  Femoral Artery                      Ulnar Vein
                                  Vertebral Artery                    Azygous Vein
                                  Middle Cardiac Artery               Ascending Lumbar Vein
                                  Splenic Artery                      Gastric Vein
                                  Common Hepatic Artery               Inferior Mesenteric Vein
                                  Mesenteric Artery                   Superior Mesenteric Vein
                                                                      Middle Cardiac Vein
                                                                      Common Iliac Vein
                                                                      Hepatic Portal Vein
Respiratory System

Upper Respiratory System               Lower Respiratory System
External nares                         Conducting zone
Nasal Septum                           trachae
Nasal Conchae (sup., middle, inf.)     primary bronchiole
Nasal Cavity                           hilum
Nasopharynx                            secondary bronchi
Ulvula                                 segmental bronchi
Oropharynx                             bronchioles
Laryngopharynx                         Respiratory Zone
Hard Palate                            Respiratory Bronchioles (slide)
Soft Palate                            Alveolar duct (slide)
Larynx                                 Alveoli (slide)
Thyroid Cartilage                      Other Structures
Cricoid Cartilage                      Superior Lobe
Epiglottis                             Middle Lobe
Hyoid Bone                             Inferior Lobe
Vocal Cord                             Pleura (visceral and Parietal)
                                       Horozontal Fissure
Blood Vessels                          Oblique fissure
Pulmonary Artery                       mediastinum
pulmonary Vein                         intercostal muscles
Pulmonary Trunk                        diaphragm

Trachea Histology                      Lung Histology
Pseudostratified Columnar epithelium   Bronchiole
Seromucous gland                       Adventia
goblet cell                            Lamina propria
hyline cartilage                       aveolar duct
smooth muscle                          blood vessel
                                       alveoli
                            Lab 9: Anatomy of the Digestive System
                                       Anatomy to Know

GI Tract                             Accessory Organs              Other Structures
Mouth                                Pancreas                      Trachea
Pharynx                              Liver                         Larynx
Esophagus                            Cystic Duct                   Diaphragm
Tongue                               Common Hepatic Duct           Heart
Hard Palate                          Gall Bladder                  Epiglottis
Soft Palate                                                        Glottis
Epiglottis                           Histology                     Thyroid

Stomach                              Salivary Gland                Lungs
Duodenum (small intestine)           1) Duct                       Spleen
Jejunum (small intestine)            2) Mucous Cells               Thymus
Ileum (small intestine)              3) Serous Demilunes
Cardiac Sphincter (Stomach)
Pyloric Sphincter (Stomach)          Liver
Ileocecal Valve                      1) Lobule

Caecum (Large Intestine)             2) Connective Tissue Septum
Ascending Colon (Large Intestine)    3) Central Vein
Transverse Colon (Large Intestine)
Descending Colon (Large Intestine)   Pancreas
Anus                                 1) Acinar Tissue
Greater Omentum                      2) Pancreatic Islet
Lesser Omentum
Greater Curvature                    G.I. Tract
Lesser Curvature                     1) Mucosal Layer
Rugae                                2) Submucosa
                                     3) Muscularis
                                     4) Serosa
                                     5) Villi
Urinary System

Kidney and Bladder model                         Nephron Anatomy
renal capsule                                    Glomerulus
urinary bladder (muscularis, mucosa, adventia)   Renal Tubule
ureter                                           Boman's capsule
renal vein and artery                            Podocytes
cortex                                           Afferent arterioles
medulla                                          Efferent arterioles
renal pyramids                                   Proximal conviluted tubules
papilla or apex                                  Loop of Henle
renal columns                                    Distal Conveluted tubules
renal pelvis                                     collecting ducts
hilus
urethra
major calyces
minor calyces
segmental areteries
interlobar arteries
arcuate arteries
Reproductive System

Male Repro            Femal Repro
scrotum               uterus: myometrium, endometrium, perimetrium
testes                ovary
rete testes           uterine tube
head of epididymis    fimbrae
tail of epididymis    vagina
spermatic cord        cervix
seminiferous tubule   labia minora
vas deferens          labi mijora
cremaster muscle      vestibule
dartos muscle         mons pubis
papinaform plexus     clitoris
tunica albugenia      broad ligamnet
prostate              round ligament
bulbourethra          ovarian ligament
seminal vessicle
prostatic urethra
membranous urethra
ejactulatory duct
bulb of penis
crus of penis         Development
orpora cavernosa      zygote
corpora spongiosum    morula
glans penis           blastula
prepuce               cleavage
urethra               blastocysts
                      gastrulation
                      chorion
                      tropoblast
                      embryo
Slides                ectoderm
seminiferous tubule   endoderm
insterstitial cells   mesoderm
                      amnion
                      amniotic cavity
                      yolk sac
                      umbilical cord
                      chorionic villus
Mammary Gland
areola
nipple
lobes
lobule
alveoli
lectiferous ducts
lactiferous sinus

Ovary
primary follicle
secondary follicle
oocyte
Vescicular (graffian or Mature) follicle
zona pellucida
corona radiata
corpus luteum
corpus albacans
                                       Axial Skeleton
                             Required Bones and Processes
Category         Bone           Markings & Processes              Depressions and Openings
Cranial Bones    Frontal                                          Frontal Sinus
                 Parietal       Sagittal Suture
                 Temporal       Zygomatic Process                 External Accoustic Meatus
                                Mastoid Process                   Carotid Foramen/Canal
                                Styloid Process
                                Squamous Part
                 Occipital      Lamboid Suture                    Foramen Magnum
                                External Occipital Protuberance
                                Occipital Condyle
                 Sphenoid       Greater Wing                      Foramen Ovale
                                Lesser Wing                       Sella Turcica
                                                                  Optic Foramen
                 Ethmoid        Perpendicular Plate
Facial Bones     Nasal
                 Maxillae       Infraorbital Foramen
                 Zygomatic      Temporal Process
                 Lacrimal
                 Palatine       Hard Palate
                 Vomer
                 Mandible       Articular Tubercle                Mental Foramen
                                Coranoid Process                  Mandibular Foramen
Hyoid            Hyoid
Vertebrae        Vertebrae (All) Dens                             Vertebral Foramen
                                 Atlas                            Intervertebral Foramen
                                 Axis                             Sacral Hiatus
                                 Body                             Sacral Canal
                                 Spinous Process
                                 Transverse Process
                                 Lamina
                                 Pedicle
                                 Facet
                                 Intervertebral Disc
                                 Cervical, Lumbar, Thorcsic
Sternum & Ribs   Sternum         Manubrium
                                 Body
                                 Xiphoid
                 Ribs            Costal Cartilages
                                 Vertebrosternal Rib
                                 Vertebrocostal Rib
                                 Floating Rib
                                      Appendicular Skeleton

                                Required Bones and Processes
Category        Bone              Markings & Processes Depressions and Openings
Pectoral Girdle Clavicle           Medial End & Acronial End
                Scapula            Coracoid Process            Glenoid Cavity
                                   Acromion                    Subscapular Fossa
                                   Spine                       Supraspinous Fossa
                                   Superior Angle              Infraspinous Fossa
                                   Inferior Angle
                Humerus            Head                        Olecranon Fossa
                                   Greater Tubercle            Coranoid Fossa
                                   Lesser Tubercle
                                   Deltoid Tuberosity
                                   Lateral Epicondyle
                                   Medial Epicondyle
                                   Trochlea
                                   Capitulum
                Radius             Head
                                   Radial Tuberosity
                                   Styloid Process
                Ulna               Olecranon
Hand Bones      Trapezoid
                Trapezium
                Scaphoid
                Lunate
                Capitate
                Hamate
                Triquetrum
                Pisiform
                Metacarpals
                Phalanges
Pelvic Girdle   Ilium              Iliac Crest
                                   Acetabulum
                                   Sacroiliac Joint
                Ischium            Ischial Spine
                                   Ischial Tuberosity
                Pubis              Pubic Symphysis             Obturator Foramen
                Femur              Greater Trochanter          Intercondylar Fossa
                                   Lesser Trochanter
                                   Lateral Condyle
                                   Medial Condyle
                                   Head
                                   Gluteal Tuberosity
                                   Neck
                Tibia              Medial Condyle              Fibular Notch
                                   Lateral Condyle
                                   Tibial Tuberosity
                                   Medial Malleolus
                                   Anterior Border
                Fibula             Head
                                   Lateral Malleolus
Foot            Calcaneus
                Talus
                Cuboid
                Lateral Cuneiform
                Medial Cuneiform
                Intermediate Cuneiform
                Navicular
                Metatarsals
                Phalanges          Proximal, Medial, Distal
                                                                          Required Muscles
                                Muscle                           Origin          Insetion    Actions
      Head & Neck
                                Temporalis                                                   Closes jaw (elevates mandible)
                                Masseter                                                     Closes jaw (elevates mandible)
                                Platysma                                                     Pulls lower lip down
                                Sternocelidomastoid                                          Flexes neck& rotates head
                                Pectorais Major                                              adducts, medially rotates arm
                                Pectoralis Minor                                             pulls scapula forward
                    Anterior




                                Serratus Anterior
                                Intercostals
                                Trapezius
                                Latissimus Dorsi                                             Forceful Extenstion of Arm
Thorax




                                Infraspinatus
                                Teres Major
                                Teres Minor
                    Posterior




                                Errector Spinae                                              Extension & lateral flexion of spine

                                Levator Scapulae
                                Trcieps brachii                                              Extenstion of forearm
                                Biceps brachii
                    Anterior




                                Brachiais                                                    Flexes forearm
                                Pronator Teres
Arm




                                Brachoradialis
                                Flexor digitorum superficialis
                                Exensor digitorum
                    Post




                                Supinator                                                    Supinates forearm
                                Rectus Abdominis
Abdomen




                                External Oblique
                    Anterior




                                Internal Oblique
                                Transverse Abdominis
                                Tensor Fascia Latae                                          Abducts Thigh
                                Sartorius
                                Quadriceps Femoris Complex                                   Extends Knee/Flexes Thigh
                    Anterior
Thigh




                                Adductor muscles
                                Iliopsoas
                                Gracilis                                                     Adducts Thigh
                                Gluteus Maximus
                    Post




                                Biceps femoris
                                Tibialis Anterior                                            Dorsifelxion of toes
      Leg




                                Gastrocnemius
                                Soleus                                                       Plantar flexion of toes
             Gross Anatomy of Brain and Cranial Nerves
                        Required Anatomy

Division     Anatomy                      Nerves
Cerebrum     longitudinal fissure         I. Olfactory
             central sulcus
             lateral sulcus
             Frontal Lobe
             Temporal Lobe
             Occipital Lobe
             Insula
Diencephalon Olfactory Bulbs              II. Optic
             Olfactory Tracts
             Thalamus
             Hypothalamus
             Epithalamus (Pineal Gland)
             Optic Chiasma
             Pituitary Gland
Brainstem    Midbrain                     III. Oculomotor
                                          IV. Trochlear
              Pons                        V. Trigeminal
                                          VI. Abducens
                                          VII. Facial
                                          VIII. Vestibulocochlear
              Medulla Oblongata           IX Glossopharyngeal
                                          X Vagus
                                          XI Accessory
                                          XII Hypoglossal
              Decussation of Pyramids
              Superior Colliculi
              Inferior Colliculi
Cerebellum    Arbor Vitae
              Vermis
              Folia
Meninges      Dura Mater
              Arachnoid Mater
              Falx Cerebri
              Falx Cerebelli

				
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posted:12/3/2011
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