L'importance de l'art fran�ais by Zj5GamFF


									L'importance de l'art français
The French have played an important role in the history of art.
We will take a brief look at the art movements that have
developed in France and have influenced culture in the entire
world throughout the centuries.

                                             Voici le musée du
                                              Louvre à Paris!
The most influential art movements
         in French history
  *Rococo (18th century)

  *Neo-classical (late 18th – early 19th centuries)

  *Impressionism (mid-late 19th century)

  *Post-Impressionism (late 19th – early 20th century)

  *Cubism (early 20th Century)
Rococo is a style of art that developed during the 18th
century after the reign of King Louis XIV. More nobles
were living in their own townhouses and wanted a light,
more delicate form of art. In painting, it is characterized by
scenes of amusement—typically outdoor amusement such
as picnics in the woods, or a couple swinging, merrily
enjoying their leisure. The emphasis is on the flourish of
the scene and of the relaxation of the people.

The primary French representative of this movement is
Rococo—Jean-Antoine Watteau

 L'Embarquement pour Cythère (1717) (Louvre, Paris)
  Neo-classical (late 18              th   – early 19th centuries)

This art movement was a reaction to the unimportant themes of
Rococo. In terms of politics, this was a time of revolution, both in
America and in France. Artists wanted to reflect the importance of
the times by imitating the art of the Classics—the ancient Greeks
and Romans.

The themes of these paintings tend to represent great themes of
bravery, liberty, patriotism, fidelity or Greek or Roman architecture
and mythology. Since Napoleon had come to

In France, JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID was the most famous
representative of this movement.
Neo-classicism (Jacques-Louis David)

 The Death of Socrates (1787) (NY Met. Museum of Art)
Impressionism was a style that reacted to
the ultra-refined brush work of neo-
Impressionists hoped to capture the effect
of light upon a subject.
Many works were completed outdoors and
included landscapes, seascapes and other
outdoor works.
CLAUDE MONET is considered to be the
founder of this movement.
He did much of his painting in Giverny,
France. (see bulletin board)
Impressionism—Claude Monet

Impression: Sunrise (1872) (Musée Marmotton, Paris)
Other important Impressionists

Pierre-August Renoir
Georges Seurat
Edouard Manet
Berthe Morisot
Edgar Degas
Gustave Caillebotte

The Post-Impressionists' work resembled
Impressionism, but started trending slightly
away from it toward Cubism.
Representatives of Post-Impressionism
include: Paul Cézanne, Vincent Van Gogh,
Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse et Toulouse-
         Vincent Van Gogh

Night café (1888) (Yale University Art Gallery)

After Post-Impressionism in the early 20th
Century came Cubism. Cubism was a
focus on the SHAPE of objects. It attempts
to represent all sides of a three-dimensional
object in two dimensions. Thus, it often
appears, at first glace, that space and
perspective are distorted.
Famous Cubists include Pablo Piccasso
and George Braque.
Still life with bowl and fruit (1912)
Can you guess the period of these
Can you guess the period of this
Can you guess the period of this
Can you guess the period of this
Can you guess the period of this

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