BRT Vehicles: Latest Technologies and Procurement Trends by LFnO319


									BRT Vehicles: Latest
Technologies and
Procurement Trends

Cliff Henke
Sr. Analyst, BRT and Small Starts
Parsons Brinckerhoff Americas

APTA/TRB BRT Conference, Seattle
May 2009
          Topics Today

   What Is A BRT Vehicle?
   Example Vehicles Projects
   Market Trends
   Discussion
               What’s A BRT Vehicle?

  New Flyer Invero i40      NABI CompoBus 45 C LFW                NABI CNG 60
    LF                                                              BRT

               Stylized Std                         Stylized   Artic

                                            Artic                 Specialized

Gillig 40 LF
               New Flyer Hybrid Electric DE60LF         Irisbus
The European bus design
   Las Vegas Has Led Challenge
   to U.S. Builders

 Driven by image and BRT needs
     U.S. Manufacturers Have
 Driven by environmental and BRT needs
       North American Vehicles Now
       with Doors on Both Sides

hybrid demo
              New Flyer 60DELFBRT hybrid
              for Cleveland Health Line
                      High-Comfort, Amenities

   Interior Finish                     •   Rear Window
   Large Windows                       •   Multiple Doors
   Luggage Racks                       •   Circulation
   Information                         •   Seat Comfort
   Grab Bars                           •   Fast Securement
Range of BRT Vehicles, Costs

    Model       Body Type   Propulsion   Cost (US$)
    40-ft.      Standard    Diesel or    $340,000-
    low-floor               CNG mech.    $380,000
    45-ft.      Stylized    Diesel or    $550,000-
    low-floor               CNG mech.    $720,000
    60-ft.      Standard    Diesel or    $480,000-
    low-floor   artic       CNG mech.    $520,000
    60-ft.      Stylized    Diesel or    $650,000-
    low-floor               CNG mech.    $800,000
    60-ft.      Stylized    Hybrid       $950,000 +
          What Onboard Technologies Are
          Critical to BRT Success?

            BRT System                  Speed &       Adv.
                                                                Amenities   Styling
          Success Measures              Capacity   Propulsion

Ridership Increase                                                         
System Capacity, Travel Time                          
Capital Savings, Operational Saving        
Boarding/Exit Time, Accessibility                                           
Bus Emissions, Noise                                   
Economic Development, Land Use                                             
Convenience/Frequency/Reliability                      ?           
Safety Perception, Cleanliness, Style                                        
          Passenger Information

                   On Board
                   Paris: Val de Marne Busway

At Stations
LA: Metro Rapid
         Other Info Technologies
         Also Have Income Streams
 On-Board Wi-Fi (L.A., Miami,
  various European cities)
 On-Board and Station Advertising
  with Next-Bus Info
 “Transit TV”
            Hybrid will surpass CNG
            for most BRT Propulsion

 28% of total will be                   28%
  hybrids                    37%
 One-third to be CNG              33%
  (traditional drivetrain)

Docking/ Narrow Lane Guidance
for speed/consistency

                   Precision Docking—Theory:
                      Speed, consistency can be improved
                      Consistent gap can speed boarding
                         Same high station/curb height
                          eliminates ramp deploy dwell time
                         Enables rail-like ADA compliance??
                   In Practice:
                    Not proven in USA
                    Benefits, cost unclear

  • Guidance - high speed in narrow lanes
     –Shoulder lane ROWs; Narrow bridges; Queue jump lanes
     –Inclement weather operations
     –Could save in capital cost of projects
            BRT Vehicle Demand

                                     30-35 ft. buses
Projected                            40-45 ft. buses
   U.S.                              Articulated buses
 for BRT
Source: FTA 2004
Vehicle Demand Survey
of 48 cities’ expected
BRT bus deliveries over
the next 10 years
(CALSTART, 2004)
                           20% to be 40-45 footers
                           450 per year, 66% for new services
             Pace of Technology’s

The 1990s:
 Multiple floor heights,
 Several fuels (and
 Multiple structures
 Advanced electronics
  (multiplexing, AVL,
  voice annunciators,
  AVM, etc.)
The 2000s:
 Growing use of hybrids
 Real-time video
 Data logging and
  advanced diagnostics      I/O Controls’ multiplexing system
 Wi-Fi
 BRT features
         The Result: A “Build to Order”

 Each order custom
    Pilot bus
    Wiring scheme
    Major components
     different (even
     allowed by SBPGs)
 Time to market now 18
  months—or less
 Big reason why OEMs
  are financially fragile
                            “And now you want what?”
Cost of New Technology
and Mandates?
      Small But Important Vehicle
     Issues to Look for In
     Authorization, Regulations

   Buy America enforcement
   Altoona testing waivers
   Local Preferences (e.g., In State Dealer Reqs.
   Axle weight loading exemptions
   Standards incentives/mandates
   Procurement reforms driven by DOD etc.
   Funding, Funding and More Funding

 Remember: BRT Is A System of Elements
 Most Important Vehicle-Related System
  Performance Impacts:
     Capacity
     Doors/Seat Layout
     Route Speed (Vehicle and TSP)
     Route Structure/Convenience
     Fleet Size = Frequency
     Vehicle Reliability
 Largest System Design Impacts
   Branding-Related Livery and Interiors
   Vehicle and Station Styling
   Information/Ease of Use

Thank you

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