23a by stariya


									23a. Learning foreign languages
General information:
Studying foreign languages is important for everybody. We have many reasons to study them. We need it for
travelling abroad, for reading foreign materials, for business communication and so on.
The largest number of people speak Chinese, but the most important language for the world communication is
English. It is spoken by around 350 million people. It’s a language of business, technology, science, Internet,
sport and culture, world politic, it is used at United Nations.It is used as a first language in countries such as
Australia, Canada, GB, Ireland, New Zealand, the USA and many of the countries in the Caribbean. In other
countries it is used as a second language, it is a way in which people who have different languages
communicate with each other. This is especially true in many parts of Africa and India. In these countries and
former British colonies English is an official language.
There are five main types of English which differ in pronunciation, spelling. vocabulary and grammar. They are:
British English, American English, Australian English, Indian English and African English.
Here are some vocabulary differences between British and American English: Flat x Apartment, lift x elevator,
post x mail, cinema x the movies, shop x store, biscuit × cookie…

Importance of studying foreign language:
For Czech it is important to learn foreign languages, because only a few people abroad can speak Czech. And
when we can communicate with people from other countries, we have to know some of world language. In our
country especially German, English, French, Italy and Russian languages are learned. The most favourite
foreign language at Czech schools is German, because we border on Germany and Austria. But the second
favourite language is English. It is easier than is Germany and also Germans and Austrians can speak English.
Most important is fact that studying another language helps you become more competitive after graduation
from school. In my personal experience, learning a foreign language opened up totally new doors and allowed
me to have a much broader range of experiences.

My experience in studying foreign language:
I started to study foreign language on basic school. I have been studying English for nine years. At first it was
difficult for me, because the words are other written and other pronounced. I like English because I can
understand other people in the world.
I started to learn another foreign language on grammar school German. At the beginning I mixed these two
languages together. Now I can say that English is much easier than German. First it has no cases. In German
there are four cases. Of course it is less than in Czech, we have seven cases, but it made me a lot of troubles,
especially because German cases are not same as Czech ones. And not to lie I have to say that I don’t like
German for its sound. It sounds me very sharply. If I were allowed to choose my second language I would have
chosen French. It has a very nice sound. However I wasn’t allowed, so I have to study German.
In my opinion, the most difficult parts of English grammar are tenses. In Czech we have only past tense,
present tense and future tense and a special category, which is not in English.. In English there is also past
perfect, present perfect and future perfect tense and other confusing categories as a present conditional,
perfect conditional. All this tenses can be passive or active, simple or progressive. When I was studying English
for some years I realised, there are no emotional nouns. If I want to express my feelings I have to use different
ways than I use in Czech. I thing, that learning how to express feelings is the most difficult part of studying a
foreign language. If you want to speak good English or German, you have to learn not only vocabulary and
grammar but also the mentality of the people that speaks these languages as a mother tongue.
Of course, vocabulary is the most important. I have some methods of improving it. I write new words into my
wordbook, write the pronunciations and then I find Czech equivalents in a dictionary. Sometimes if the word is
irregular I note there also plural or past tense. I read this list of words and try to remember them. Another
method of improving my word power is reading English books in originals.
Sometimes I listen to music and especially American songs. I understand it but sometimes no because of their
dialect. I’m happy if I could learn new words throw radio or TV. Time to time I watch satellite chanells but in
the TV news the English speakers speak to quick and sometimes is hard to understand them.
The best way is going to a foreign country. Nowadays it is not impossible. Young people can go there as au
pairs to families, help them with looking after children, cooking and so on. They can go for three months or
two years. It is also a very good experience.
Besides schools there are various language courses both for children and adults, either state of private. There
are also some TV courses (American English, Business English) and many textbooks and cassettes from abroad
are available now but they are too expensive. In bigger cities we can apply for a language school or we can
take lessons from a private teacher.

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