Solar Photovoltaic Projects in Pakistan by tmir1

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									        Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                        Alternate Energy

Resource Potential of
Solar Photovoltaic
Projects in Pakistan.
              Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                                                           About Pakistan
Latitude 24 and 37 degrees North and longitude 62 and 75 degrees East.

On the west border of the country is Iran, India on the east, Afghanistan in
the north-west, China in the north and the Arabian Sea on the south.

Pakistan has a strategically advantageous location vis a vis being a
geographical centre of the Asian Continent. Forming a bridge between the
Middle East and the Far East, Pakistan's can be a hub for trade and
communication. A wide transportation network complements this strategic
placement. With three major international airports and 38 domestic airports,
Pakistan serves more than 50 international airlines.

Pakistan has a continental type climate, characterized by extreme variations
of temperature. Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-
covered northern mountains. Temperatures on the Balochistan Plateau are
somewhat higher. Along the coastal strip the climate is tempered by sea
breezes. In the rest of the country temperatures rise steeply in the summer
and hot winds blow across the plains during the day. The daily variation in
temperature may be as much as 11 degree C to 17 degree centigrade. Winters
are cold with minimum mean temperature of about 4 degree centigrade in
                                                                               Presented by
              Renewable Energy in Pakistan

Area: 7,96,096 sq km
Population: 160,417,000
Population density: 201.50 persons per sq km.

Land: 770,875 sq km
Water: 25,220 sq km

Border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran
909 km

Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest;
Balochistan plateau in west

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum,
poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
             Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                                      Power Sector

Electrical Energy Sector Overview:
Total Installed Capacity: 19,460 MW
              Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                                                Electrical Energy Market
The generation, transmission, distribution and retail supply of electricity in Pakistan is presently undertaken by two
utilities, with significant contribution to generation from various private Independent Power Producers (“IPPs”).

These utilities are the Water and Power Development Authority (“WAPDA”), a public sector entity and the Karachi
Electric Supply Corporation (“KESC”), which has recently been privatized. WAPDA supplies power to all of Pakistan
except the metropolitan city of Karachi and some of its surrounding areas which are supplied by KESC. WAPDA is the
largest Power utility of the country with a Customer base of over 10 Million.

Since October 2007, WAPDA has been bifurcated into two distinct entities i.e. WAPDA and Pakistan Electric Power
Company (PEPCO). WAPDA is responsible for water and hydropower development whereas PEPCO is vested with the
responsibility of thermal power generation, transmission, distribution and billing. PEPCO has been fully empowered
and is responsible for the management of all the affairs of corporatized nine Distribution Companies (DISCOs), four
Generation Companies (GENCOs) and a National Transmission Dispatch Company (NTDC). These companies are
working under independent Board of Directors (Chairman and some Directors are from Private Sectors).

Presently, the total installed electricity generation capacity in the country is about 19,460 MW. In the total installed
capacity, the share of public sector is around 70%, and the private sector is 30%. An additional 6,000 MW are planned
to be added to this installed electricity generation capacity by the year 2010 through the IPPs, including Wind Power.
The rising share of private sector in electricity generation and presence of some of the leading foreign and local
companies in this business, are evidence of Pakistan being an ideal investment destination.
              Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                                            Renewable Energy Sector
Pakistan is blessed with abundantly available and inexhaustible Renewable Energy (RE) resources, which if tapped
        effectively can play a considerable role in contributing towards energy security and energy independence of
        the country. Given the current global energy scenario in general and Pakistan’s energy scenario in particular,
        the adoption and deployment of ARE technologies makes perfect sense as it inherently favours indigenous,
        inexhaustible energy resources which also happen to be efficient options by default. This is also in line with
        the objective of the Government of Pakistan to develop RE technologies in the country so that RE has a share
        of at least 5% of the overall energy mix by the year 2030.

Another unique feature associated with the deployment of ARE technologies is the positive and various direct &
        indirect impacts it has on poverty alleviation and accruing social benefits. These technologies can be easily
        deployed in areas where conventional grid electricity cannot have access and entry due to technical and / or
        economic reasons. The lowest strata of the society can thus benefit from ARE technologies thereby
        improving the livelihood and quality of life; meaning ARE technologies can play an effective role for meeting
        the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well.

The investment potential for the RE sector of the country from short to medium term is over USD 16 Billion Dollars.
              Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                                             Renewable Energy Sector
Renewable Energy Potential in Pakistan

Wind: 0. 346 Million MW
Solar: 2.9 Million MW
Bagasse Cogeneration: 1800 MW
Waste to Power: 500 MW
Mini & Small Hydel: 2,000 MW
Identified potential of 50,000 MW for wind in Gharo-Keti Bandar wind corridor alone

Over 30 Million hectares of land potentially available for energy plantations
                Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                                                       Why Solar Energy?
Pakistan covers 796,095 square kilometers of land between
        latitudes 24° and 36°north and longitudes 61° and
        76° east.

At present, it faces serious energy problems: 95 per cent of
        its electricity generation comes from hydropower,
        which becomes less productive during the driest,
        hottest months of the year and cannot keep pace
        with the sharp rise in energy demand. Also, about
        70 per cent of the population lives in some 50,000
        villages dispersed around the country. Many of
        these villages are far from the main transmission
        lines of the national grid and, because of their
        relatively small populations; it is usually not
        economically viable to connect these villages to the

Solar energy, on the other hand, has excellent potential in
        areas of Pakistan that receive high levels of solar
        radiation throughout the year. Every day, for
        example, the country receives an average of about
        19 Mega Joules per square metre of solar energy.
              Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                                                      Why Solar Energy?
Pakistan is an energy deficient country, where a large
        fraction of the population still does not have access    Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Map of
        to basic energy services such as electricity.            Pakistan:

This is due to very limited fossil fuel resources and poor
         economy, which restrains the import of fossil fuels
         on a large scale. To overcome energy shortage,
         Pakistan Government has been increasingly
         focusing on the need develop energy resources like
         hydropower, solar and wind.

Pakistan is situated in an area of one of the highest solar
        insolation in the world. This vast potential can be
        exploited to produce electricity, which could be
        provided to off-grid communities in the northern
        hilly areas and the southern and western deserts.
        Applications other than electricity production such
        as solar water heaters and solar cookers also have
        vast applications. All this will help in both reducing
        the import of fossil fuels and dependency of people
        on fuel wood, which in turn will provide some
        respite for the dwindling forest reserves of                                                     Presented by
             Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                                             Government of Pakistan
Alternate Energy Development Board – Government of Pakistan
AEDB was established as an autonomous body on 12th May 2003. The Board was established to act as a central
        agency for development , promotion and facilitation of renewable energy technologies, formulation of plans,
        policies and development of technological base for manufacturing of renewable energy equipment in

The Board has to ensure 5% of total national power generation capacity (i.e 9700 MW) to be generated through
       renewable energy technologies by the year 2030. In addition, AEDB has been directed to electrify 7874 remote
       villages in Sindh and Balochistan provinces through renewable energy technologies. AEDB also has to
       develop a comprehensive plan for the development of solar products, like, solar lights, solar fans, solar
       cookers and solar geysers through the participation of private sector.

Since then, AEDB has remained engaged in establishing national and international linkages, foster sustainable
         development and use of alternative / renewable energy through initiation of policies, projects and
         enhancement of technical skills in alternative energy fields though private sector investment and
AEDB’s Targets
      • Development of wind and solar energy to meet at least 5% of total installed capacity through RE resources by
               2030 (i.e. 9700 MW)
      • Electrification of 7,874 remote, off-grid villages in provinces of Sindh & Balochistan through Renewable
      • Gradual introduction of bio-diesel fuel blends with petroleum diesel so as to achieve a minimum share of 5% by
               by volume of the total Diesel consumption in the country by the year 2015 and 10% by 2025 (ECC
             Renewable Energy in Pakistan

                                              Government of Pakistan
Registration with Alternate Energy Development Board

•          Interested companies participating in development projects have to submit U.S $ 100 or equivalent to
           PKR as a Registration fee in the form of Bank Draft / Pay order in favor of AEDB.

•          Fee of U.S $ 50 will be charged for the renewal of registration every year.

•          Registration fee for life time would be U.S $ 1000/-

•          Interested companies need to submit company profile, financial positions, audit report, NTN number,
           GST etc.

•          Registered companies are allowed to participate in any project of AEDB.

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