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UAV Drones

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					UAV DronesTeam RamRod:
              Tyler Barry
             James Bohn
          Daniel Ramirez
           Hari Shrestha
           Arlo Swanson
         Garret Wilbanks
Outline
O tli
 Introduction
 I    d i

 History

 Technology and Applications
    Current
    Future
    F

 Economics and Marketability

 Conclusion


http://dronewarsuk.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/predator-firing-missile4.jpg
The E    i t Article
Th Economist A ti l
    “Joining the Drone Club”



• Definition

• Domestic / International

• Small, cheap, portable for soldiers
   • Smaller = faster deployment, mission

• Versatile and interactive

• Small attacks
     http://www.economist.com/node/21526053
Videos
Vid
 Small S l
 S ll Scale UAV

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_r6yBJnhgz8



    g S      U
 Large Scale UAV

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GjcNXfCDRIc
       y
 History of Drones
Perley’s Aerial Bomber, 1863
 Ineffective
•Ineffective
•Dangerous
•An early attempt
Eddy s               Kite,
Eddy’s Surveillance Kite
1898
•Based off of Douglas
Archibald s
Archibald’s kite of 1883
•Camera’s shutter attached
to a string
 Provided
•Provided information to
American forces about enemy
troops and fortifications

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/spiesfly/uavs_01.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/spiesfly/uavs_02.html
History of Drones
DH.82B Queen Bee, 1935 – 1947

  Radio-controlled

  Could fly up to 17,000 feet at over 100
  MPH for 300 miles

  First returnable and reusable UAV

PB4Y-1, 1944

  Converted PB4Y-1 Liberator

  Radio-controlled and TV-guided

  Designed to take out V-1’s
     Dangerous, but successful
     First time UAV’s were used against other UAV’s




                                      http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/spiesfly/uavs_05.html
                                      http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/spiesfly/uavs_08.html
History of Drones
AQM-34 Ryan Firebee, 1964-1975

  Air-launched and controlled from a
  host airplane

  34,000 recon missions performed
  over SouthEast Asia

  Reliable: 83% used in the Vietnam
  War were reused multiple times

Pioneer, 1980’s

  USA acquired 20 from Israel; first
  modern UAV in their fleet

  Designed to take off from carriers or
  crude runways

  Provided recon on mobile high-
  priority targets
          http://science.howstuffworks.com/reaper1.htm
          http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/spiesfly/uavs_09.html
          http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/spiesfly/uavs_14.html
    Small UAVs
    Advantages vs. Disadvantages

       Training i
       T i i time

       Flight time

       Range

       Weapons

       Cost




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Raven_UAV.jpg
  AeroVironment RQ-11 Raven
Specifications:
  Wingspan: 55in
  Length: 36in
  Weight: 4.2lbs
                27/26/7 AV
  Engine: Aveox 27/26/7-AV electric motor
  Speed: 28-60mph
  Range: 6 2 i
  R      6.2mi
  Endurance: 60-90 min
  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AeroVironment_RQ‐11_Raven
  http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/News/Pages/Military%20Police%20Take%20to%20the%20Skies.aspx
  http://www.avinc.com/uas/adc/raven/
      Current Uses
          Aerial Intelligence
          A i l I lli

          Surveillance

          Target acquisition

          Reconnaissance




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:RQ‐11_Raven_2.jpg
http://www.globalsecurity.org/intell/systems/raven.htm
  Large Drones
                                          y
    RQ-1, MQ-1 and MQ-9, Manufactured by General Atomics
    Aeronautical Systems (Specially for military actions)


    RQ-4 Global Hawk , Firebird Manufactured by Northrop
    Grumman (Specially for Surveillance)




Credit: Northrop Grumman      Credit: Northrop Grumman
 UAV Communication




An        ’         d k 1.2             d     h
A operator’s command takes 1 2 seconds to reach
         the drone via a satellite link
 How
 Does
  the
  UAV
work?
              MQ-1                             MQ-9
1. Rotax 914F turbocharged       1. Honeywell TP331-10
four-cylinder engine, 115
f      li d      i               turboprop engine, 950 SHP
                                 t b           i
hp (86 kW)                       (712 kW)
2 140 mph (225 km/h)
2.                               2.
                                 2 300 mph (482 km/h)
3. 2 Hellfire Missiles           3. 14 Hellfire missiles
 . W gspa : 8. t ( .8 )
4. Wingspan: 48.7 ft (14.8m)      . W gspa :       t( 0 )
                                 4. Wingspan: 66 ft (20m)
Height: 6.9 ft (2.1 m)           Height: 12.5 ft (3.6 m)
Empty weight: 1,130 lb(512 kg)   Empty weight: 3,700 lb (2200
                     2,250
Max takeoff weight: 2 250 lb     kg)
(1021 kg)                        Max takeoff weight: 10,500 lb
                                 (4760 kg)

    The edges of the wings are titanium and are dotted with
    microscopic weeping holes that allow an ethylene glycol
  solution to seep out of internal reservoirs and breakdown ice
               that forms on the wings during flight.
                      Advantages
Real time imagery, assistance for ground force
Natural disaster for the surveillance of survivors
Atmospheric and scientific research
Transportable
T       t bl

                              g
                    Disadvantages
Civilians death
Lightweight,
Lightweight susceptible to high winds and precipitation
Loss of respect for foreign soldiers
Decision Making Issues
       Future D
       F t        l     t
              Developments
         p            g          g    g
       Replace existing aerial fighting
       force with drones

       Allows pilots to be safer

       Different drones for different
       uses




http://www.techxilla.com/2010/03/01/the-hidden-birds-uavs-will-change-the-future-of-warfare/
        High Altitude, Long E d
        Hi h Altit d L      Endurance
         y
       5 year duration

       Equipped with sophisticated
       surveillance equipment

       Cheaper than satellites




http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39313306/ns/technology_and_science-tech_and_gadgets/t/
solar-powered-uav-can-stay-aloft-years/
http://air-attack.com/page/17/Helios-solar-powered-UAV.html
     Future Small Scale Drones
     F t    S ll S l D
             p
     Hover Capabilities

     Easier to use

     Requires very littl t i i
     R   i         little training




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miniature_UAV
     Economics and Marketability
     E     i     d M k t bilit
                         R
                         Raven                           Predator
                                                         P d

        Assembly          Field-assembly                 Complex manufacturing

        Controls          Video- game like               Exhaustive 32 week pilot
                          piloting                       training

        Fuel              Rechargeable battery           Liquid aerospace fuel




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predator_drone
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AeroVironment_RQ-11_Raven
http://www.economist.com/node/21526053
Economics and Marketability
E     i     d M k t bilit
                    Raven
                    R                P d
                                     Predator
 Unit cost          $56,000          $5,000,000

 Operational Cost   Negligible       $5,000/hour

 System Cost        $250,000         $40,000,000

 Adaptability       Used globally    Used by US for
                                     highly specialized
                                     missions

 Marketability      Sold to allies   Limited sharing
                    at a premium
Conclusion
C   l i
   Drones are th f t
   D                      f        d      ill       d    f
              the future of unmanned surveillance and warfare

   Different types and sizes of drones yield different mission-
                                         cost effectiveness
   specific results as well as different cost-effectiveness
   outcomes

   Currently, the military at large will continue to place orders
   for small drones like the raven, while more specialized
   missions, such as those conducted by the DoD or CIA require a
   more heavy-duty drone

   Each type of drone will find its place in an evolving
   technological, political, and economic battlefield

http://www.ubergizmo.com/2010/07/global-hawk-uav-isnt-just-for-the-military/

				
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